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Results 451 - 500 of 543
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Adelman R D - - 1987
The nephrotoxicity of the aminoglycoside amikacin sulfate was evaluated in an open, controlled study of newborns with presumed neonatal sepsis. One hundred twelve neonates were randomly allocated to receive either amikacin-ampicillin or mezlocillin, a semisynthetic penicillin. Neonates receiving amikacin, in contrast to those receiving mezlocillin, showed significant nephrotoxicity as evidenced ...
Funk M A - - 1987
Effects of advancing forage maturity and drought-induced summer dormancy on site and extent of digestion and microbial protein synthesis in beef steers grazing native blue grama rangeland were evaluated in four sampling periods. Five steers (avg initial wt 227 kg) fitted with ruminal, duodenal and ileal cannulae and three steers ...
Oyeyinka G O - - 1987
The levels of complement components (C1q, C4, C3 and C3d) were measured in the sera of nine azoospermic Nigerian men and compared with those of 12 oligospermic and 19 normospermic Nigerian men. The mean values of C1q, C4, C3 and C3d for azoospermic men showed no significant difference from those ...
Sklare D A - - 1987
Interaural attenuation of pure tone and speech signals was evaluated for a new audiometric insert earphone, the ER-3A tubephone, and a conventional TDH-49P supra-aural earphone in seven unilaterally deaf adult subjects. These results validate and extend the interaural attenuation data reported by the manufacturer of the ER-3A and his associates. ...
Windholz G - - 1987
According to I. P. Pavlov's theory of higher nervous activity, the establishment and dissolution of conditional reflexes enhances the higher organism's adaptation to the external environment. Pavlov asserted that, ontogenetically, conditional reflexes are based upon innate, unconditional reflexes (UR) or instincts. Pavlov did not distinguish between URs and instincts, but ...
Futerman A H - - 1987
The ability of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PIPLC) to solubilize acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the electromotor system of adult Torpedo ocellata and in the developing electric organ was examined. PIPLC solubilizes significant amounts of the membrane-bound G2 form of AChE throughout embryonic development of the electric organ, as it does in the ...
Prior J C - - 1987
Exercise is commonly listed as a remedy for the premenstrual syndrome (PMS), although no study has proven that it is an effective therapy. Numerous reports have suggested that exercise is associated with improved mood and symptoms. In those reports, however, the diagnosis of PMS was not clearly documented, nor was ...
Duboc D - - 1987
We used phosphorus NMR spectroscopy to study 16 patients with muscular enzyme deficiencies affecting glycogenolysis and glycolysis. Study of phosphomonoester (Pm) kinetics and intracellular pH during exercise and recovery provided criteria for the distinction of these metabolic myopathies by NMR spectroscopy. The Pm peak was undetectable in patients lacking debrancher ...
Kandou T W - - 1987
Eight well-trained speed skaters performed three all-out tests during ice speed skating, board skating and cycling. Compared to speed skating, cycling produced significantly higher values of oxygen consumption (57.2 +/- 4.9 vs. 53.9 +/- 4.2 ml/(kg X min], ventilation (111.3 +/- 10.2 vs. 98.8 +/- 7.3 l/min) and respiratory exchange ...
MacDonald D G - - 1987
Hamster cheek pouches were treated with the topical carcinogen DMBA for 8 weeks. 2 episodes of cryosurgery, located within the area of previous carcinogen application enhanced the neoplastic process by comparison with matched controls. Comparison with previous studies suggests that the 2 episodes of cryosurgery may have a greater effect ...
Miƛkowiak B - - 1987
The aim of the study was to investigate CRF- and neurophysin-immunoreactive neurocytes in hypothalamo-pituitary system of the hamster. CRF-immunoreactive nerve fibers were observed mainly in the outer layer of the median eminence and pituitary stalk and also in the neurohypophysis. On the contrary, neither intermediate lobe nor anterior pituitary contained ...
Ozasa H - - 1987
In order to improve the rate of recovery of mature ova over those previously reported, we evaluated a new hormonal regimen for induction of follicular growth in the squirrel monkey. This regimen, which consisted of 50 IU pregnant mare's serum (PMS) per day for 4 days followed by 50 IU ...
Khaledpour C - - 1987
Previous studies have shown that the "synaptic" bodies of mammalian pinealocytes are a heterogeneous group of organelles. Whereas "synaptic" ribbons (SR) exhibit a day/night rhythm with small numbers during daytime and high numbers at night, the so-called "synaptic" spherules (SS) show species-specific differences in their rhythmicity. In the present study ...
Giordano R - - 1986
In a study of the intradialytic behaviour of l-ascorbatemia during acetate and bicarbonate dialysis we noted the paradoxical increase in l-ascorbatemia during the first hour of acetate dialysis. During biofiltration, the intradialytic curve of l-ascorbatemia is similar to that in bicarbonate dialysis, even though an acetate dialysis bath is used. ...
Takii O - - 1986
It has been reported that there is a certain rhythm in the appearance of Fm theta. In the present study, round-the-clock changes in the appearance of Fm theta were analyzed. The Uchida-Kraepelin test was conducted for 5 minutes a day over a period of 3 days on 18 university students. ...
Smith M A - - 1986
The definition, classification, proposed etiologies, diagnosis, and treatment of the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are discussed, and guidelines for the clinical management of PMS are presented. PMS encompasses a cluster of physical and psychosocial symptoms that recur during each menstrual cycle. Proposed etiologies for the syndrome include a hormonal imbalance between ...
Phillips J B - - 1986
Male eastern red-spotted newts (Notophthalmus viridescens) under controlled laboratory conditions exhibit unimodal magnetic compass orientation either in a trained compass direction or in the direction of their home pond. If the vertical component of the magnetic field is inverted, newts exhibiting the simple-compass response undergo a 180 degree reversal in ...
Cano N - - 1986
Gallbladder sludge during total parenteral nutrition may be related to abnormal gallbladder motility. To test this hypothesis, gallbladder motility was assessed in 15 parenterally fed patients and in 22 controls using ultrasonography. Parenteral infusion was continuous in 10 cases and cyclic in 5 cases (6 PM to 10 AM). Gallbladder ...
Richter A M - - 1986
Methylene blue, used as an external marker for bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in a concentration of 1 microgram/ml, reduced the functional activity of BAL alpha 1-protease inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) in 2 healing nonsmokers who each had 2 BAL done, one with and the other without methylene blue. Inactivation of alpha 1-PI ...
Lopez J M - - 1986
Dehydrogenase activity assay of activated sludge using the redox dye 2-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(p-nitrophenyl)-5-phenyltetrazolium chloride (INT) was investigated. INT-dehydrogenase activity (INT-DHA) was directly proportional to INT dosage and inversely proportional to bio-mass concentration over limited ranges. INT dosages exceeding 2.5m/M were toxic to dilute activated sludge suspensions. INT-DHA was greatest near pH 9, ...
Blyden G T - - 1986
The effect of ketoconazole on the kinetics of antipyrine was investigated. The antipyrine Vd showed an overall difference among the 4 trials, but the magnitude of the differences was small. Antipyrine half-life was slightly but not significantly shortened and the antipyrine clearance was essentially identical in the whole study. The ...
Leon A A - - 1985
The chemical and mutagenic properties of a series of chloromethylbenzo[a]pyrenes (chloromethyl-BaP) (chloromethyl groups in position 1-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 10-, 11- or 12-) were studied in order to address the question of the importance of arylmethyl carbocations as possible ultimate carcinogens of methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The rates of ...
Brodsky F M - - 1985
Clathrin was isolated from detergent-solubilized, biosynthetically radiolabeled cells by immunoprecipitation with anti-clathrin monoclonal antibodies. Immunoprecipitates obtained after pulse-chase labeling demonstrated that after biosynthesis the LCa light chain of clathrin could be found either complexed to heavy chain or in a free pool (not associated with heavy chain) which decreased steadily ...
Stilman N - - 1985
Among 50 patients with phenytoin intoxication, 14 had seizures during the episode. Seizures in 9 of these 14 patients probably resulted from poor seizure control despite high phenytoin levels, but in 5 cases, attacks were attributed to phenytoin toxicity. The only factor that seemed to correlate with seizures was a ...
Weis J J - - 1985
Human complement receptor type 2 (CR2) was biosynthetically labeled by pulsing SB B lymphoblastoid cells for 25 min with [35S]methionine followed by chase in the presence of excess unlabeled methionine. An Mr 134,000 polypeptide represented the major form of the receptor at the end of the pulse period, and within ...
Liu Y N - - 1985
Bronchomotor tone after deep inspiration and bronchial responsiveness to methacholine were studied at 4:00 A.M. and 4:00 P.M. in 14 normal and 13 asthmatic subjects. Bronchomotor tone was assessed with respiratory resistance (Rrs) measured by the forced oscillation method. Bronchial responsiveness to methacholine and baseline Rrs were higher at 4:00 ...
Levine L - - 1985
To minimize the risk of adverse side effects from mydriatics during binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, a procedure was developed which intentionally starts with a dose significantly less than an ED99. Using a clinically effective diameter of greater than 7 mm as a criterion, I found that 1 drop of 0.5% tropicamide ...
Cone L A - - 1985
A prospective, randomized study was undertaken to compare the efficacy and safety of ceftazidime with those of a combination of ticarcillin and tobramycin in the treatment of 40 nonneutropenic patients with pneumonia or bacteremia. Altogether, 93% of the patients receiving ceftazidime for pneumonia were cured, and 87% of those with ...
Burstone C J - - 1985
Chinese NiTi wire was studied by means of a bending test to determine wire stiffness, springback, and maximum bending moments. Chinese NiTi wire has an unusual deactivation curve (unlike steel and nitinol wires) in which relatively constant forces are produced over a long range of action. The characteristic flexural stiffness ...
Mortagy A K - - 1985
A mailed questionnaire was sent to 2712 subjects asking about respiratory symptoms, and a raffle for three prizes of 50 pounds, 30 pounds, and 20 pounds was organised. The response rate in the 1762 who were told about the raffle was no higher than for 950 subjects who served as ...
Russell E W - - 1985
The 10 hole (Adult Version) Tactile Performance Test (TPT) or Form Board is too difficult for patients with moderate to severe brain damage. A series of studies were done to enable an examiner to substitute the simpler 6 hole board (TPT 6 - Child's Version) for such patients. Eighty subjects ...
Swensson R G - - 1985
The detection of simulated pulmonary nodules was measured in three different situations that required: (1) reports of all significant chest findings (Free Search), (2) only reports of possible nodules (Nodule Search), or (3) evaluation of particular film locations as nodules (Specified Location). ROC curves from these conditions compared how accurately ...
Pape R - - 1985
We used aminoethyldextran (AED) as a secretagogue for the simultaneous exocytosis of a great proportion of secretory organelles (trichocysts) from Paramecium tetraurelia cells and we applied freeze-fracturing and ultrathin sectioning for a quantitative analysis of the re-arrangement of ultrastructural details within the cell membrane during re-insertion of new trichocysts. Characteristic ...
Norn M - - 1984
Consecutive screenings by the same examiner (the author) disclosed among 380 white North Europeans (Copenhagen, Denmark) pigmentation of the plica semilunaris and/or lacrymal caruncle in 2%, among 189 Mongols (Kyoto, Japan) in 4%, and among 257 Eskimos (East Greenland) in 45% (P less than 0.001). In Eskimos the phenomenon was ...
Falkowski A J - - 1984
Hydroxylamine was evaluated and found to be a highly effective agent for the in vitro prevention of penicillin inactivation of tobramycin. This inactivation reaction resulted in an underestimation of tobramycin concentrations and was dependent on time, temperature, amount and type of penicillin, and amount of tobramycin. Plasma samples containing tobramycin ...
Vanderveen E E - - 1984
Minoxidil, a potent peripheral vasodilator used orally for refractory hypertension, has produced hypertrichosis. To determine the efficacy and safety of 1% or 5% topical minoxidil for the stimulation of scalp hair regrowth, we studied fifteen normotensive patients, five with androgenic alopecia and ten with alopecia areata diagnosed clinically and by ...
Margulies A - - 1984
How does one begin to approximate the inner experience of another? Empathic exploration demands of the investigator the creative capacity to suspend closure. The founders of phenomenology and psychoanalysis developed methods to facilitate a process of not-concluding, ways of keeping the mind open to new possibilities. Moreover, Husserl's phenomenological reduction ...
Santo Neto H - - 1984
The presence of a groove in the lateral wall of the human orbit (Royle, 1973) was found in 45 of 100 orbits examined (45%). In 15 skulls the groove was present bilaterally. The groove probably lodges an anastomosis between the middle meningeal and infraorbital blood vessels. No reference to this ...
Dye R H RH - - 1984
Threshold values of interaural differences of time (delta IDTs ) were measured for trains of dichotic clicks whose levels were 20, 40, or 60 dB SPL. All clicks were bandpass filtered at 4 kHz, and the number of clicks in the train (n) was 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or ...
Kubis A - - 1984
The effect of addition of lanolin and Span 60 to white vaseline and of their concentration on the pharmaceutical availability of monoethanolamine , diethanolamine and morpholine was investigated. The emulsifier type and its concentration exercise an influence on constant release rates. The liberation of the investigated amines proceeds at almost ...
Lerner-Natoli M - - 1984
The occurrence of wet dog shakes (WDS) was studied during hippocampal kindling and amygdala kindling. Many WDS were observed after the first stimulation of the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. Their number rapidly increased to a maximal value (after five to six stimulations) and then progressively decreased during the development of ...
Cariolet R - - 1984
Continuous recording of body postures (standing or lying) using photocells connected to an event recorder was carried out on 125 pregnant sows tethered either by a thoracic girth or by a neck harness in six different farms, at different times of the year. Standing activity occupied an average of 250 ...
Rinsland C P - - 1983
A nonlinear least-squares fitting procedure has been used to derive absolute intensities for lines in the P, R, and Q branches of the (11(1)0)II <-- 00(0)0 band of 12Cl602 (band center = 1932 cm(-1)) from long-path 0.01-cm(-1) resolution laboratory spectra. The spectral data were recorded at room temperature and low ...
Bader B S - - 1983
To exercise leadership, boards need information that is exclusively prepared to help them fulfill their unique responsibilities. This article examines, in view of our changing economic environment, what kind of information the board needs to receive, how often it should be forthcoming, in what format, and how to assess it.
Rippy J V - - 1983
The primary purpose of this study was to determine list equivalency of Harris' revision of the CID Everyday Sentence Lists under three signal-to-noise ratios: O dB, --3 dB, and --6 dB. On the basis of list means, nonsignificant groupings of lists were found at each noise level; however, lists were ...
Meyer D C - - 1983
The role of hypothalamic and limbic aminergic systems in neuroendocrine control in the rat has been investigated by measuring the temporal changes in serotonergic and noradrenergic neuronal uptake in a model of the estrous cycle. Using the pregnant mare serum (PMS) model of induced ovulation and an in vitro uptake ...
Zincke H - - 1983
4-Hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-HCY) is generated spontaneously in cryoprecipitated plasma from synthesized 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HPCY); its immunosuppressive and cytotoxic effects seem to depend on milieu, temperature, time, and dosage. Our preliminary results suggest that prolonged canine renal allograft survival can be achieved with grafts exposed to CY metabolites (4-HPCY and PM) in vitro ...
Lear A L - - 1983
The progress of incorporation of radioactive glucosamine into the O-acetylated and non-O-acetylated sub-units of the insoluble peptidoglycan of growing Neisseria gonorrhoeae was examined. More than 80% of the final degree of cross-linking was achieved within 3 min; the remainder of the process took much longer. Rapid O-acetylation occupied up to ...
Salzman C - - 1983
Oxazepam and diazepam were compared in healthy elderly volunteers. Absorption of diazepam was faster than oxazepam and onset of clinical effects were more profound. Diazepam accumulation was extensive, washout was slow and active compounds were present two weeks after the last dose. Oxazepam accumulation was significantly less and elimination significantly ...
Yeager H H - - 1983
Studies were performed to compare the cytotoxicity for human alveolar macrophages of a naturally occurring short-fiber chrysotile asbestos (RG 144) to that of a standard reference mixed-fiber (long and short) chrysotile asbestos (UICC chrysotile A. Rhodesian). Parallel studies were also performed with quartz (Min-U-Sil 15), a known macrophage toxin. On ...
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