Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1018
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von der Heyde Rebecca L - - 2011
The objectives of this systematic review were (1) to identify, evaluate, and synthesize the research literature of relevance to occupational therapy regarding interventions for work-related shoulder conditions and (2) to interpret and apply the research literature to occupational therapy. Twenty-two studies were reviewed for this study-16 of Level I evidence, ...
Miyachi Motohiko - - 2011
To evaluate exercise intervention efficacy for the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia in the elderly. We conducted a systematic literature search of randomized controlled trials in the Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report (before 2007), Pubmed, the Cochrane database, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi (January 2006 to August 2009). Two authors ...
Fusco C - - 2011
Two years ago we published an update of another of our previous systematic reviews about the effectiveness of physical exercises (PEs), and we found that the evidence on exercises for AIS was of level 1b. Now we have updated these results in the field of exercises for AIS with the ...
Rigo Manuel - - 2011
Progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) produces specific signs and symptoms, including trunk and spinal deformity and imbalance, impairment of breathing function, pain, progression during adult life, and psychological problems, as a whole resulting in an alteration of the health-related quality of life. A scoliosis-specific rehabilitation program attempts to prevent, improve, ...
Karper William B - - 2011
This article proposes that inflammation leading to intestinal permeability (a leaky gut) may be responsible for numerous physical and mental abnormalities and associated functional decline. This may be especially true for elderly people, particularly involving the development of autoimmune disorders. In this regard, engagement in appropriate moderate exercise/physical activity can ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2011
In recent years a plethora of epidemiologic evidence accumulated supports a strong, independent and inverse, association between physical activity and the fitness status of an individual and mortality in apparently healthy individuals and diseased populations. These health benefits are realized at relatively low fitness levels and increase with higher physical ...
van Brussel Marco - - 2011
: To summarize and discuss current evidence and understanding of clinical pediatric exercise physio-logy focusing on the work the research group at Utrecht and others have performed in the last decade in a variety of chronic childhood conditions as a continuation of the legacy of Dr Bar-Or. : The report ...
Kamioka Hiroharu - - 2011
The objectives of this review were to integrate the evidence of curative effects through aquatic exercise and assess the quality of studies based on a review of nonrandomized controlled trials (nRCTs). Study design was a systematic review of nonrandomized controlled trials. Trials were eligible if they were nonrandomized clinical trials. ...
Hancock Nicola J - - 2011
It is known that repetitive, skilled, functional movement is beneficial in driving functional reorganisation of the brain early after stroke. This study will investigate a) whether pedalling an upright, static exercise cycle, to provide such beneficial activity, will enhance recovery and b) which stroke survivors might be able to participate ...
Gonzalez Adam M AM The College of New Jersey , Ewing, NJ, - - 2011
The effect of a pre-workout energy supplement on acute multi- joint resistance exercise was examined in eight resistance-trained college-age men. Subjects were randomly provided either a placebo (P) or a supplement (S: containing caffeine, taurine, glucuronolactone, creatine, β-alanine, and the amino acids; leucine, isoleucine, valine, glutamine and arginine) 10 minutes ...
Ishikura Keisuke K Graduate School of Comprehensive Human - - 2011
Taurine included abundantly in skeletal muscle, particularly in the slow-twitch fibers, enhances exercise performance. However, the exact mechanisms for this effect have been unclear. The present study investigated the influence of taurine supplementation on amino acids profile in skeletal muscles as one of mechanisms in the enhancement of exercise performance ...
Pierce Gary L GL Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, U.S.A. - - 2011
Brachial artery FMD (flow-mediated dilation) is impaired with aging and is associated with an increased risk of CVD (cardiovascular disease). In the present study, we determined whether regular aerobic exercise improves brachial artery FMD in MA/O (middle-aged/older) men and post-menopausal women. In sedentary MA/O adults (age, 55-79 years) without CVD, 8 weeks ...
Engbert Kai - - 2010
ABSTRACT: Study Design: A randomized controlled study investigated the effects of therapeutic climbing in patients with chronic low back pain. Before and after 4 weeks of training, physical and mental well-being were measured by 2 questionnaires (Short Form 36 [SF-36]; Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire for measuring back pain-related disability [FFbH-R]).Objective: ...
Campbell Elaine H - - 2010
Equine conditioning programmes are rarely driven by science. Indeed, the scientific literature on conditioning responses often refers to conventional technique rather than physiological driving parameters. This, alongside poor classification of conditioning protocols, has reduced the possibility of comparative data analysis. Recent interest into lactate-driven conditioning programmes has driven this review ...
Swart Reinout M - - 2010
Although hyponatremia is a recognized complication of several inflammatory diseases, its pathophysiology in this setting has remained elusive until recently. A growing body of evidence now points to an important role for interleukin-6 in the non-osmotic release of vasopressin. Here, we review this evidence by exploring the immuno-neuroendocrine pathways connecting ...
McManus Alison M - - 2011
The participation of girls in elite sport has increased exponentially over the past 30 years. Despite these increases a tradition for recruiting boys for exercise studies persistsand our knowledge of the physiologic response to exercise in girls remains limited. Girls' physiology varies with age and maturation and is underpinned by ...
Barker Alan R - - 2011
Children and adolescents are becoming increasingly involved in competitive sport and, as a consequence, are engaging in specialized training with the objective of enhancing their sporting performance. An important aspect of achieving this goal is to ensure young athletes receive appropriate and on-going physiological assessment and support. Moreover, as young ...
Ratel Sébastien - - 2011
Although in the past resistance and high-intensity exercise training among young children was the subject of numerous controversies, it is now well-documented that this training mode is a safe and effective means of developing maximal strength, maximal power output and athletic performance in youth, provided that exercises are performed with ...
Cole Judith A - - 2011
The effectiveness of lifestyle interventions within secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) remains unclear. This systematic review aimed to determine their effectiveness and included randomized controlled trials of lifestyle interventions, in primary care or community settings, with a minimum follow-up of three months, published since 1990. 21 trials with ...
Daley Amanda - - 2011
Many menopausal women are keen to find alternatives to HRT; exercise might be useful in this regard but more trial evidence is required. Before we conduct such trials however, it is important to understand the exercise preference of these women so that appropriate exercise interventions can be developed for inclusion ...
Dusdal K - - 2010
A systematic literature review was conducted and revealed nine studies investigating the effects of therapeutic exercise for persons with osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Although modest improvements were noted in strength and balance, results were inconsistent in supporting therapeutic exercise as effective in improving outcomes such as pain and quality of life ...
Thijssen D H J - - 2011
Aim:  Recent studies found differences between groups in the rate of diameter increase following the flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Whilst exercise training alters the magnitude of the FMD, little is known about the impact of exercise training on the rate of diameter increase. The aim of this study is to examine ...
Dagfinrud H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate if exercise programs in trials for patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have the potential for effectiveness. METHODS.: A systematic literature research was performed and randomised trials examining the effectiveness of exercise programs in patients with AS were analysed according to three elements: if the exercise programs were ...
Knols R H - - 2011
Patients who undergo hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) often experience physical and psychological problems, even long after treatment has been completed. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of a 12-week outpatient physical exercise (PE) program, incorporating aerobic and strength exercises, as compared with a usual care control condition on patients' ...
Sutherland William J - - 2011
This review describes outcomes of a 2010 horizon-scanning exercise building upon the first exercise conducted in 2009. The aim of both horizon scans was to identify emerging issues that could have substantial impacts on the conservation of biological diversity, and to do so sufficiently early to encourage policy-relevant, practical research ...
Picconatto William J - - 2010
Many Minnesotans with asthma participate in recreational and competitive sports. If asthma is undiagnosed or if it is poorly controlled, its symptoms can compromise health, impair athletic performance, and limit sports participation. It can even lead to death. Asthma-related deaths during sports participation, while not common, have occurred in Minnesota. ...
Hofmann Peter - - 2010
The heart rate performance curve (HRPC) has been shown to be nonlinearly related to work load. This phenomenon has been used to determine a deflection point and to be related to the lactate anaerobic threshold. The original method was heavily criticized, and the method was challenged by several authors. However, ...
Simard Catherine - - 2010
Objectives: To determine the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) rehabilitation for elderly women with urinary incontinence after five years of follow-up, and to assess the adherence to PFM exercises five years after physiotherapy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of women >/= 60 years old who underwent PFM ...
Roos Ewa M - - 2011
Lower-extremity muscle strength and afferent sensory dysfunction, such as reduced proprioceptive acuity, are potentially modifiable putative risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Findings from current studies suggest that muscle weakness is a predictor of knee OA onset, while there is conflicting evidence regarding the role of muscle weakness in OA ...
Gyrd-Hansen D - - 2010
The main purpose of the present study was to test for outcome scope insensitivity. Respondents were initially asked to value one of two severe health states by way of a time-trade-off (TTO) exercise. Subsequent to the TTO exercise all respondents were asked to value an intervention, which offered a reduction ...
Kjeken Ingvild - - 2011
Abstract Aims: The aims of this study were to develop recommendations for occupational therapy assessment and design of hand exercise programmes in patients with hand osteoarthritis. Methods: An expert group followed a Delphi procedure to reach consensus for up to 10 recommendations for assessment and exercises, respectively. Thereafter, an evidence-based ...
Simmons Grant H - - 2011
Acute leg exercise increases brachial artery retrograde shear rate (SR), while chronic exercise improves vasomotor function. These combined observations are perplexing given the proatherogenic impacts of retrograde shear stress on the vascular endothelium and may be the result of brief protocols used to study acute exercise responses. Therefore, we hypothesized ...
Cui Jian - - 2011
During exercise, sympathetic nervous system activity increases and this contributes to an increase in blood pressure (i.e. exercise pressor reflex). Although animal studies suggest that purinergic P2 receptors on thin fibre sensory nerves are stimulated and evoke this reflex, human data are lacking. In this study, young healthy volunteers performed ...
Hayashi Naoyuki - - 2011
We examined a hypothesis that static exercise and activation of sympathetic activation by metabolically sensitive skeletal muscle afferents (metaboreflex) influence the sympathetic nervous activity modulating pupil diameter. Nine subjects performed 2 min isometric handgrip exercise at 30% maximal voluntary contraction, which was followed by either 2 min of postexercise muscle ischemia (PEMI) ...
Hildebrandt Tom - - 2011
Appearance and performance enhancing drug (APED) use includes the use of a range of pharmacologically distinct substances and concurrent investment in outward appearance or achievement, dietary control, and frequent exercise. A number of existing reviews and conceptual papers have defined pathological forms of APED use within the APED class of ...
Cazzola M - - 2010
All of the specialists who deal in some way with fibromyalgia (FM) broadly agree that physical reconditioning programmes are useful, but it is not yet clear what type of physical activity is the most appropriate for different subsets of patients. The aim of this review was to examine the randomised ...
Drużbicki Mariusz - - 2010
Background and purpose: One of the most important goals of rehabilitation of post-stroke hemiplegic patients is the recovery of their locomotion function. The aim of the study was to assess walking function recovery by means of in-patient rehabilitation procedures, as well as the effectiveness of treadmill gait training with the ...
Green Daniel J - - 2011
Beneficial effects of exercise training on the vasculature have been consistently reported in subjects with cardiovascular risk factors or disease, whereas studies in apparently healthy subjects have been less uniform. In this review, we examine evidence pertaining to the impact of exercise training on conduit and resistance vessel function and ...
Roseguini Bruno T - - 2011
During dynamic exercise, the vasculature embedded within skeletal muscle intermittently collapses due to increased intramuscular pressure (IMP). The aim of this study was to ascertain whether oscillations in IMP during muscle contractions independently contribute to exercise training-induced increases in blood flow capacity (BFC). Based on IMP measurements during handgrip exercise, ...
Collier Scott R - - 2010
Previous research has shown significantly lower arterial distensibility (AD) after resistance exercise (RE) yet higher AD after aerobic exercise (AE). These changes may be related to exercise-induced differences in vasodilatory capacity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the vasodilatory and AD responses to acute AE and RE. Forearm ...
Wray D Walter - - 2010
Unlike quadrupeds, human limbs are exposed to differing homeostatic challenges and uses across the life span. This raises the question of whether vascular function and skeletal muscle blood flow regulation differs between human limbs and whether these limb-specific parameters may be altered during exercise as a consequence of aging and ...
Adeniyi A F - - 2010
Background and Objectives: Usual line of management of diabetes patients is drug and diet with their physical needs usually receiving minimal attention. Among the physical needs, requiring attention is their neuromusculoskeletal disorders. This study was designed to investigate the effect of a twelve-week therapeutic exercise on neuromusculoskeletal disorders of Type ...
Faisal Azmy - - 2010
Muscle oxygen uptake ( ˙VO₂,mus) dynamics at the onset of exercise can be affected by prior heavy exercise.We tested the hypothesis that elevated forearm blood flow (FBF) following prior circulatory occlusion would also be associated with accelerated ˙VO₂,mus dynamics during subsequent heavy hand-grip exercise. Ten trained young men performed 5 ...
Afawi Zaid - - 2010
Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia (PED) and epilepsy without intellectual disability have recently been recognized as manifestations of deficiency of the glucose transporter GLUT1, due to mutations in the gene SLC2A1. We describe a family with six definitely affected members in two generations. Two had PED, three had epilepsy, and one had ...
Metelitsina Tatyana I TI Department of Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2010
We compared the regulatory responses induced by isometric exercise in control subjects and patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) to investigate choroidal vascular regulation in AMD. Seventeen eyes of 17 patients with dry AMD in the study eye and 19 eyes of 19 controls were included in this study. Both ...
Hayman Melissa A - - 2010
To better characterize the contribution of both central and peripheral mechanisms to passive limb movement-induced hyperemia, we studied nine recent (<2 yr) heart transplant (HTx) recipients (56 ± 4 yr) and nine healthy controls (58 ± 5 yr). Measurements of heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), and ...
Slade Susan C - - 2010
Objectives.  The objective of this review was to identify measuring instruments that might be suitable for assessment of satisfaction and experience of exercise programs designed to help people with persistent, recurrent low back pain. Design.  The review was designed as a structured literature review adapted from the Cochrane Collaboration Systematic ...
Crecelius Anne R - - 2010
Acute ascorbic acid (AA) administration increases muscle blood flow during dynamic exercise in older adults, and this is associated with improved endothelium-dependent vasodilation. We directly tested the hypothesis that increase in muscle blood flow during AA administration is mediated via endothelium-derived vasodilators nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins (PGs). In 14 ...
Desai Pratikkumar - - 2010
Although it is generally accepted that exercise accelerates lymph flow, no study has directly measured lymph flow as a function of exercise intensity. In this study, we have measured flow in the thoracic lymph duct of five instrumented dogs while they ran on a treadmill. Dogs were surgically instrumented with ...
Limberg Jacqueline K JK Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2010
Sex differences exist in autonomic control of the cardiovascular system. This study was designed to directly test sex or female menstrual phase-related differences in α-adrenergic control of blood flow during exercise. We hypothesized that women would exhibit reduced α-adrenergic vasoconstriction compared with men during exercise; in addition, women would constrict ...
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