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Results 101 - 150 of 1018
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Heinonen Ilkka - - 2012
The distribution of blood flow between active and inactive skeletal muscles has been sparsely studied in humans. Here we investigated non-exercising leg blood flow in six healthy young women during intermittent isometric one leg knee extension exercise with increasing workloads. Positron emission tomography was used to measure blood flow in ...
Drummond Micah J - - 2012
Muscle atrophy is associated with healthy aging (i.e., sarcopenia) and may be compounded by comorbidities, injury, surgery, illness, and physical inactivity. While a bout of resistance exercise increases protein synthesis rates in healthy young skeletal muscle, the effectiveness of resistance exercise to mount a protein synthetic response is less pronounced ...
Greenwood Benjamin N - - 2012
Physical activity reduces the incidence and severity of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Similarly, voluntary wheel running produces anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects in rodent models. The specific neurobiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial properties of exercise, however, remain unclear. One relevant pharmacological target in the treatment of psychiatric disorders ...
Caraiani Petre - - 2012
We test for the presence of multifractality in the daily returns of the three most important stock market indices from Central and Eastern Europe, Czech PX, Hungarian BUX and Polish WIG using the Empirical Mode Decomposition based Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis. We found that the global Hurst coefficient varies with ...
Patki Gaurav - - 2011
The etiology of neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson's disease remains unknown, although many genetic and environmental factors are suggested as likely causes. Neuronal oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction have been implicated as possible triggers for the onset and progression of Parkinson's neurodegeneration. We have recently shown that long-term treadmill exercise prevented ...
Hurwitz Eric L - - 2011
COMMENTARY ON: Bronfort G, Maiers MJ, Evans RL, et al. Supervised exercise, spinal manipulation, and home exercise for chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. Spine J 2011;11:585-598 (in this issue).
Kim B-S - - 2011
The present study investigated whether chronic exercise suppressed hippocampal neuronal death due to repeated stress followed by i.c.v. kainic acid (KA) injection, and whether cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs), and CaMKII activation contributed to the neuroprotective effect in this experimental paradigm. To achieve the objective, mice ...
Courtney Ardith M - - 2011
This review focuses on recent advances in the understanding and management of symptoms and dysfunctions associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). A broad spectrum of dysfunctions associated with MS are under investigation. Research published in the past year and a half addresses gait dysfunction, exercise training, fatigue, bowel/bladder and sexual dysfunction, ...
Booth Sara - - 2011
Breathlessness is difficult to palliate and nonpharmacological interventions are effective management strategies currently available for mobile patients. These are a diverse group of interventions, currently poorly defined and inconsistently used. This review concentrates on identifying and recommending the most effective nonpharmacological strategies for breathlessness, to aid clinical practice. Much of ...
Williams Marie - - 2011
Determining which palliative interventions are appropriate within and between groups remains difficult because of the lack of prospective studies and heterogeneity in dyspnoea context, assessment and reporting. This review presents an evolution of dyspnoea theories, summarizes literature published during 2010 concerning intervention effectiveness between conditions and highlights the lag between ...
- - 2011
The editors of The FASEB Journal have been informed by Bente Klarlund Pedersen, MD, DMSc, Professor of Integrative Medicine, Director of Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases and CMRC Rigshospitalet at the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark, of an ongoing investigation into the ...
Jones Andrew M - - 2011
The V˙O2 slow component, a slowly-developing increase in V˙O2 during constant-work-rate (CWR) exercise performed above the lactate threshold, represents a progressive loss of skeletal muscle contractile efficiency and is associated with the fatigue process. This brief review outlines the current state of knowledge concerning the mechanistic bases of the V˙O2 ...
Eynon Nir - - 2011
Aerobic ATP generation by the mitochondrial respiratory oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) is a vital metabolic process for endurance exercise. Notably, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) codifies 13 out of the 83 polypeptides implied in the respiratory chain. As such, there is a strong rationale for identifing an association between mtDNA variants and ...
Page Carolyn J - - 2011
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent chronic joint disease causing pain and disability. Physiotherapy, which encompasses a number of modalities, is a non-invasive treatment option in the management of OA. This review summarizes the evidence for commonly used physiotherapy interventions. There is strong evidence to show short-term beneficial effects of ...
Keteyian Steven J - - 2011
After decades of concern about the safety and effectiveness of exercise training in patients with heart failure (HF) due to reduced ejection fraction, initial research demonstrated the feasibility and physiologic benefits associated with such an intervention. Subsequent controlled studies confirmed these results and suggested improved clinical outcomes as well. This ...
O'Keefe James H - - 2011
A large proportion of the health woes beleaguering modern cultures are because of daily physical activity patterns that are profoundly different from those for which we are genetically adapted. The ancestral natural environment in which our current genome was forged via natural selection called for a large amount of daily ...
Vliet Vlieland Theodora P M - - 2011
To summarize recent literature on nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recent systematic reviews and individual studies substantiate the effectiveness of aerobic and strength exercise programmes in RA. The evidence for the promotion of physical activity according to public health recommendations is scarce, and implementation research ...
Rand Debbie - - 2011
low balance confidence is a major health problem among older adults restricting their participation in daily life. to determine what interventions are most effective in increasing balance confidence in older adults. systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials including at least one continuous end point of balance confidence. Studies, ...
Hagberg James M JM Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, - - 2011
This review of the exercise genomics literature emphasizes the strongest articles published in 2010 as defined by sample size, quality of phenotype measurements, quality of the exercise program or physical activity exposure, study design, adjustment for multiple testing, quality of genotyping, and other related study characteristics. One study on voluntary ...
Andreasen Ak - - 2011
Background: Fatigue occurs in the majority of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and therapeutic possibilities are few. Exercise therapy is a therapeutic option but no studies have systematically reviewed the existing literature evaluating the effect of exercise therapy on MS fatigue. Objective: To determine the effect of exercise therapy on ...
Ransmayr G - - 2011
Former studies on the effects of physical exercise, physical and occupational therapy (PT, OT) and speech and swallowing therapy (ST, SwT) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have demonstrated little or uncertain effects. New pathophysiological concepts have been developed. Recent controlled high-level studies demonstrate improvement of mobility and balance after training of ...
Dagfinrud Hanne - - 2011
To evaluate if exercise programs in trials for patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have the potential for effectiveness. A systematic literature search was performed and randomized trials examining the effectiveness of exercise programs for AS patients were analyzed according to 3 elements: whether the exercise programs were designed according to ...
Loosemore Mike - - 2011
In ancient Greece it was considered a citizen's duty to remain fit - both Hippocrates and Galen recommended exercise for health. Despite this it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that exercise to improve health was considered by the medical profession. By the first decade of the ...
Coughlan G - - 2011
Background Over the past 10 years the methodologies and technology of recording professional rugby union game data has greatly improved with global positioning system (GPS) now the gold standard. Objective The aims of the present study were to evaluate the physical demands of the game at an international rugby union ...
Grimmett Chloe - - 2011
The association between exercise and cancer incidence has long been established. Increasingly research is considering the role of exercise in the oncology setting. This article summarizes the current evidence for exercise promotion in cancer survivors and guidelines for exercise participation in this population.
Snowden Mark - - 2011
There is evidence from observational studies that increasing physical activity may reduce the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. Exercise intervention trials have found conflicting results. A systematic review of physical activity and exercise intervention trials on cognition in older adults was conducted. Six scientific databases and reference lists ...
Littbrand Håkan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to systematically review the applicability (attendance, achieved intensity, adverse events) and effects of physical exercise on physical functions, cognitive functions, and activities of daily living among people with dementia. DESIGN:: Randomized controlled trials were identified in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and ...
Swart Nynke M - - 2011
The aim of the study is to determine "the additional effect of... function" for patellofemoral pain syndrom (PFPS). The additional effect of orthotic devices over exercise therapy on pain and function. A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane and PEDro. Randomised controlled trials and controlled clinical ...
Volpi L - - 2011
Metabolic myopathies are a clinically and etiologically heterogeneous group of disorders due to defects in muscular energy metabolism. They include glycogen storage diseases, fatty acid oxidation defects, and mitochondrial disorders. The typical manifestations of a metabolic myopathy are exercise-induced myalgias, exercise intolerance, and cramps. Evaluating subjects with such symptoms is ...
Heesch Kristiann Corbusier - - 2011
Physical activity (PA) is recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA). However, few people with OA are physically active. Understanding the factors associated with PA is necessary to increase PA in this population. This cross-sectional study examined factors associated with leisure-time PA, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises in people with OA. For ...
Keysor Julie J - - 2011
Several recent clinical trials and systematic reviews have examined functional outcomes of exercise programs in two populations: older adults and adults with knee arthritis. We synthesize recent clinical trials and systematic reviews to examine whether the links between exercise and functional outcomes are better understood than they were a decade ...
Nettle Heather - - 2011
Pediatric exercise recommendations are becoming increasingly more important. The recommendation for physical activity in children and adolescents is 60 min/d of moderate to vigorous physical activity. The United States Department of Health and Human Services recommends that vigorous physical activity be included a minimum of 3 d/wk. In addition, strength ...
Brentano M A - - 2011
This study aims to review the main aspects that induce muscle damage, and to discuss the adaptations of this phenomenon, applications and limitations of this study area. Damage induced by strength training has been utilized for two purposes: 1) verification of the recovery period required between training sessions, which has ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2011
The critical power (CP) is mathematically defined as the power-asymptote of the hyperbolic relationship between power output and time-to-exhaustion. Physiologically, the CP represents the boundary between the steady-state and nonsteady state exercise intensity domains and therefore may provide a more meaningful index of performance than other well-known landmarks of aerobic ...
Passalent Laura A - - 2011
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a disease that tends to affect younger individuals, many of whom are in the prime of their lives; therefore, incorporating the most up-to-date evidence into physiotherapy practice is critical. The purpose of this review is to update the most recent evidence related to physiotherapy intervention for ...
Conjeevaram Hari S - - 2011
Currently, there are no established means for the prevention or treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) despite our increasing understanding of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) pathogenesis implicating insulin resistance (IR) as a key factor and highlighting the central role of lipotoxic liver injury in the development of NASH. Lifestyle interventions ...
Álvares Thiago S - - 2011
Dietary supplements containing L-arginine, a semi-essential amino acid, are one of the latest ergogenic aids intended to enhance strength, power and muscle recovery associated with both aerobic and resistance exercise. L-arginine is claimed to promote vasodilation by increasing nitric oxide (NO) production in the active muscle during exercise, improving strength, ...
Bakhai Ameet - - 2011
Background: Supportive therapies of exercise and diet-modifying secondary prevention programmes are associated with reduced morbidity and mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We sought to evaluate the frequency and correlates of referral to these supportive therapies, and their impact on concordance with prescribed secondary prevention medications at 1 year ...
Bourke Liam - - 2011
BackgroundHealthy lifestyle behaviors could have a role in ameliorating some of the adverse-effects of androgen suppression therapy (AST) in men with prostate cancer. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a tapered supervised exercise program in combination with dietary advice, in men with advanced Prostate ...
Fitzgerald G Kelley - - 2011
Impairment-based exercise programs have yielded only small to moderate benefits in reducing pain and improving function in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). It has previously been proposed that adding agility and perturbation training to exercise programs for people with knee OA may improve treatment effects for pain and function. The ...
Granger C L - - 2011
CONTEXT: The role of exercise intervention for patients with Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been systematically reviewed to date. OBJECTIVE: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the evidence examining (1) the effect of exercise intervention on exercise capacity, health related quality of life (HRQoL), physical activity levels, cancer symptoms ...
Hopker J G - - 2011
This article reviews the notion of the 'anaerobic threshold' in the context of cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Primarily, this is a review of the proposed mechanisms underlying the ventilatory and lactate response to incremental exercise, which is important to the clinical interpretation of an exercise test. Since such tests are often ...
Rabadi Meheroz H - - 2011
Recent review of the available evidence on interventions for motor recovery after stroke, showed that improvements in recovery of arm function were seen for constraint-induced movement therapy, electromyographic biofeedback, mental practice with motor imagery, and robotics. Similar improvement in transfer ability or balance were seen with repetitive task training, biofeedback, ...
Galvin Rose - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Additional exercise therapy has been shown to have a positive impact on function after acute stroke and research is now focusing on methods to increase the amount of therapy that is delivered. This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of additional family-mediated exercise (FAME) therapy on outcome ...
Kjeken Ingvild - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To describe and evaluate the design and effects of splints and exercise programs in hand osteoarthritis. METHODS:: Controlled trials identified through systematic literature reviews were included. Design of splints and exercise programs were evaluated according to existing recommendations and classification systems. Risk of bias was assessed by two independent ...
Kistler Kristin D KD Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, California 92103, - - 2011
Factors that determine disease severity in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are unclear, but exercise is a recommended treatment. We evaluated the association between physical activity intensity and histological severity of NAFLD. We conducted a retrospective analysis of adults with biopsy-proven NAFLD enrolled in the NASH CRN (Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical ...
Burkow-Heikkinen Lori - - 2011
To review the current research of new emerging diagnostic technology for non-invasive physiological monitoring of exercise and fitness. As a personal trainer, I believe that exercise can improve the conditions of several diseases and/or events such as stroke, post-traumatic head injury, spinal cord injury, and a multitude of other diseases. ...
Battaglini Claudio L - - 2011
As previously presented in other chapters of this book, exercise has been shown through large scale studies to be associated with significant improvements in physical and psychological parameters in patients with one of several different tumor types (Galvao et al. 2010; Schwartz and Winters-Stone 2009; Galvao et al. 2009; Segal ...
Lappalainen Zekine - - 2011
The sirtuin family of proteins consists of seven members in mammals (SirT1-T7). Sirtuins share NAD dependency for their enzymatic activity, but some show NAD-dependent deacetylase activity, others exhibit ADP ribosyltransferase activity or both. Sirtuins have gained considerable attention due to their impact as physiological targets for treating diseases associated with ...
Pournot Hervé - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e22748 in vol. 6.].
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