Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1002
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Vliet Vlieland Theodora P M - - 2011
To summarize recent literature on nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recent systematic reviews and individual studies substantiate the effectiveness of aerobic and strength exercise programmes in RA. The evidence for the promotion of physical activity according to public health recommendations is scarce, and implementation research ...
Rand Debbie - - 2011
low balance confidence is a major health problem among older adults restricting their participation in daily life. to determine what interventions are most effective in increasing balance confidence in older adults. systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials including at least one continuous end point of balance confidence. Studies, ...
Hagberg James M JM Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, - - 2011
This review of the exercise genomics literature emphasizes the strongest articles published in 2010 as defined by sample size, quality of phenotype measurements, quality of the exercise program or physical activity exposure, study design, adjustment for multiple testing, quality of genotyping, and other related study characteristics. One study on voluntary ...
Andreasen Ak - - 2011
Background: Fatigue occurs in the majority of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and therapeutic possibilities are few. Exercise therapy is a therapeutic option but no studies have systematically reviewed the existing literature evaluating the effect of exercise therapy on MS fatigue. Objective: To determine the effect of exercise therapy on ...
Ransmayr G - - 2011
Former studies on the effects of physical exercise, physical and occupational therapy (PT, OT) and speech and swallowing therapy (ST, SwT) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have demonstrated little or uncertain effects. New pathophysiological concepts have been developed. Recent controlled high-level studies demonstrate improvement of mobility and balance after training of ...
Dagfinrud Hanne - - 2011
To evaluate if exercise programs in trials for patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have the potential for effectiveness. A systematic literature search was performed and randomized trials examining the effectiveness of exercise programs for AS patients were analyzed according to 3 elements: whether the exercise programs were designed according to ...
Loosemore Mike - - 2011
In ancient Greece it was considered a citizen's duty to remain fit - both Hippocrates and Galen recommended exercise for health. Despite this it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that exercise to improve health was considered by the medical profession. By the first decade of the ...
Coughlan G - - 2011
Background Over the past 10 years the methodologies and technology of recording professional rugby union game data has greatly improved with global positioning system (GPS) now the gold standard. Objective The aims of the present study were to evaluate the physical demands of the game at an international rugby union ...
Grimmett Chloe - - 2011
The association between exercise and cancer incidence has long been established. Increasingly research is considering the role of exercise in the oncology setting. This article summarizes the current evidence for exercise promotion in cancer survivors and guidelines for exercise participation in this population.
Snowden Mark - - 2011
There is evidence from observational studies that increasing physical activity may reduce the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. Exercise intervention trials have found conflicting results. A systematic review of physical activity and exercise intervention trials on cognition in older adults was conducted. Six scientific databases and reference lists ...
Littbrand Håkan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to systematically review the applicability (attendance, achieved intensity, adverse events) and effects of physical exercise on physical functions, cognitive functions, and activities of daily living among people with dementia. DESIGN:: Randomized controlled trials were identified in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and ...
Swart Nynke M - - 2011
The aim of the study is to determine "the additional effect of... function" for patellofemoral pain syndrom (PFPS). The additional effect of orthotic devices over exercise therapy on pain and function. A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane and PEDro. Randomised controlled trials and controlled clinical ...
Volpi L - - 2011
Metabolic myopathies are a clinically and etiologically heterogeneous group of disorders due to defects in muscular energy metabolism. They include glycogen storage diseases, fatty acid oxidation defects, and mitochondrial disorders. The typical manifestations of a metabolic myopathy are exercise-induced myalgias, exercise intolerance, and cramps. Evaluating subjects with such symptoms is ...
Heesch Kristiann Corbusier - - 2011
Physical activity (PA) is recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA). However, few people with OA are physically active. Understanding the factors associated with PA is necessary to increase PA in this population. This cross-sectional study examined factors associated with leisure-time PA, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises in people with OA. For ...
Keysor Julie J - - 2011
Several recent clinical trials and systematic reviews have examined functional outcomes of exercise programs in two populations: older adults and adults with knee arthritis. We synthesize recent clinical trials and systematic reviews to examine whether the links between exercise and functional outcomes are better understood than they were a decade ...
Nettle Heather - - 2011
Pediatric exercise recommendations are becoming increasingly more important. The recommendation for physical activity in children and adolescents is 60 min/d of moderate to vigorous physical activity. The United States Department of Health and Human Services recommends that vigorous physical activity be included a minimum of 3 d/wk. In addition, strength ...
Brentano M A - - 2011
This study aims to review the main aspects that induce muscle damage, and to discuss the adaptations of this phenomenon, applications and limitations of this study area. Damage induced by strength training has been utilized for two purposes: 1) verification of the recovery period required between training sessions, which has ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2011
The critical power (CP) is mathematically defined as the power-asymptote of the hyperbolic relationship between power output and time-to-exhaustion. Physiologically, the CP represents the boundary between the steady-state and nonsteady state exercise intensity domains and therefore may provide a more meaningful index of performance than other well-known landmarks of aerobic ...
Passalent Laura A - - 2011
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a disease that tends to affect younger individuals, many of whom are in the prime of their lives; therefore, incorporating the most up-to-date evidence into physiotherapy practice is critical. The purpose of this review is to update the most recent evidence related to physiotherapy intervention for ...
Conjeevaram Hari S - - 2011
Currently, there are no established means for the prevention or treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) despite our increasing understanding of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) pathogenesis implicating insulin resistance (IR) as a key factor and highlighting the central role of lipotoxic liver injury in the development of NASH. Lifestyle interventions ...
Álvares Thiago S - - 2011
Dietary supplements containing L-arginine, a semi-essential amino acid, are one of the latest ergogenic aids intended to enhance strength, power and muscle recovery associated with both aerobic and resistance exercise. L-arginine is claimed to promote vasodilation by increasing nitric oxide (NO) production in the active muscle during exercise, improving strength, ...
Bakhai Ameet - - 2011
Background: Supportive therapies of exercise and diet-modifying secondary prevention programmes are associated with reduced morbidity and mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We sought to evaluate the frequency and correlates of referral to these supportive therapies, and their impact on concordance with prescribed secondary prevention medications at 1 year ...
Bourke Liam - - 2011
BackgroundHealthy lifestyle behaviors could have a role in ameliorating some of the adverse-effects of androgen suppression therapy (AST) in men with prostate cancer. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a tapered supervised exercise program in combination with dietary advice, in men with advanced Prostate ...
Fitzgerald G Kelley - - 2011
Impairment-based exercise programs have yielded only small to moderate benefits in reducing pain and improving function in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). It has previously been proposed that adding agility and perturbation training to exercise programs for people with knee OA may improve treatment effects for pain and function. The ...
Granger C L - - 2011
CONTEXT: The role of exercise intervention for patients with Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been systematically reviewed to date. OBJECTIVE: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the evidence examining (1) the effect of exercise intervention on exercise capacity, health related quality of life (HRQoL), physical activity levels, cancer symptoms ...
Hopker J G - - 2011
This article reviews the notion of the 'anaerobic threshold' in the context of cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Primarily, this is a review of the proposed mechanisms underlying the ventilatory and lactate response to incremental exercise, which is important to the clinical interpretation of an exercise test. Since such tests are often ...
Rabadi Meheroz H - - 2011
Recent review of the available evidence on interventions for motor recovery after stroke, showed that improvements in recovery of arm function were seen for constraint-induced movement therapy, electromyographic biofeedback, mental practice with motor imagery, and robotics. Similar improvement in transfer ability or balance were seen with repetitive task training, biofeedback, ...
Galvin Rose - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Additional exercise therapy has been shown to have a positive impact on function after acute stroke and research is now focusing on methods to increase the amount of therapy that is delivered. This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of additional family-mediated exercise (FAME) therapy on outcome ...
Kjeken Ingvild - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To describe and evaluate the design and effects of splints and exercise programs in hand osteoarthritis. METHODS:: Controlled trials identified through systematic literature reviews were included. Design of splints and exercise programs were evaluated according to existing recommendations and classification systems. Risk of bias was assessed by two independent ...
Kistler Kristin D - - 2011
Factors that determine disease severity in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are unclear, but exercise is a recommended treatment. We evaluated the association between physical activity intensity and histological severity of NAFLD. We conducted a retrospective analysis of adults with biopsy-proven NAFLD enrolled in the NASH CRN (Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical ...
Burkow-Heikkinen Lori - - 2011
To review the current research of new emerging diagnostic technology for non-invasive physiological monitoring of exercise and fitness. As a personal trainer, I believe that exercise can improve the conditions of several diseases and/or events such as stroke, post-traumatic head injury, spinal cord injury, and a multitude of other diseases. ...
Battaglini Claudio L - - 2011
As previously presented in other chapters of this book, exercise has been shown through large scale studies to be associated with significant improvements in physical and psychological parameters in patients with one of several different tumor types (Galvao et al. 2010; Schwartz and Winters-Stone 2009; Galvao et al. 2009; Segal ...
Lappalainen Zekine - - 2011
The sirtuin family of proteins consists of seven members in mammals (SirT1-T7). Sirtuins share NAD dependency for their enzymatic activity, but some show NAD-dependent deacetylase activity, others exhibit ADP ribosyltransferase activity or both. Sirtuins have gained considerable attention due to their impact as physiological targets for treating diseases associated with ...
Pournot Hervé - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e22748 in vol. 6.].
von der Heyde Rebecca L - - 2011
The objectives of this systematic review were (1) to identify, evaluate, and synthesize the research literature of relevance to occupational therapy regarding interventions for work-related shoulder conditions and (2) to interpret and apply the research literature to occupational therapy. Twenty-two studies were reviewed for this study-16 of Level I evidence, ...
Miyachi Motohiko - - 2011
To evaluate exercise intervention efficacy for the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia in the elderly. We conducted a systematic literature search of randomized controlled trials in the Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report (before 2007), Pubmed, the Cochrane database, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi (January 2006 to August 2009). Two authors ...
Fusco C - - 2011
Two years ago we published an update of another of our previous systematic reviews about the effectiveness of physical exercises (PEs), and we found that the evidence on exercises for AIS was of level 1b. Now we have updated these results in the field of exercises for AIS with the ...
Rigo Manuel - - 2011
Progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) produces specific signs and symptoms, including trunk and spinal deformity and imbalance, impairment of breathing function, pain, progression during adult life, and psychological problems, as a whole resulting in an alteration of the health-related quality of life. A scoliosis-specific rehabilitation program attempts to prevent, improve, ...
Karper William B - - 2011
This article proposes that inflammation leading to intestinal permeability (a leaky gut) may be responsible for numerous physical and mental abnormalities and associated functional decline. This may be especially true for elderly people, particularly involving the development of autoimmune disorders. In this regard, engagement in appropriate moderate exercise/physical activity can ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2011
In recent years a plethora of epidemiologic evidence accumulated supports a strong, independent and inverse, association between physical activity and the fitness status of an individual and mortality in apparently healthy individuals and diseased populations. These health benefits are realized at relatively low fitness levels and increase with higher physical ...
van Brussel Marco - - 2011
: To summarize and discuss current evidence and understanding of clinical pediatric exercise physio-logy focusing on the work the research group at Utrecht and others have performed in the last decade in a variety of chronic childhood conditions as a continuation of the legacy of Dr Bar-Or. : The report ...
Kamioka Hiroharu - - 2011
The objectives of this review were to integrate the evidence of curative effects through aquatic exercise and assess the quality of studies based on a review of nonrandomized controlled trials (nRCTs). Study design was a systematic review of nonrandomized controlled trials. Trials were eligible if they were nonrandomized clinical trials. ...
Hancock Nicola J - - 2011
It is known that repetitive, skilled, functional movement is beneficial in driving functional reorganisation of the brain early after stroke. This study will investigate a) whether pedalling an upright, static exercise cycle, to provide such beneficial activity, will enhance recovery and b) which stroke survivors might be able to participate ...
Gonzalez Adam M AM The College of New Jersey , Ewing, NJ, - - 2011
The effect of a pre-workout energy supplement on acute multi- joint resistance exercise was examined in eight resistance-trained college-age men. Subjects were randomly provided either a placebo (P) or a supplement (S: containing caffeine, taurine, glucuronolactone, creatine, β-alanine, and the amino acids; leucine, isoleucine, valine, glutamine and arginine) 10 minutes ...
Ishikura Keisuke K Graduate School of Comprehensive Human - - 2011
Taurine included abundantly in skeletal muscle, particularly in the slow-twitch fibers, enhances exercise performance. However, the exact mechanisms for this effect have been unclear. The present study investigated the influence of taurine supplementation on amino acids profile in skeletal muscles as one of mechanisms in the enhancement of exercise performance ...
Pierce Gary L GL Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, U.S.A. - - 2011
Brachial artery FMD (flow-mediated dilation) is impaired with aging and is associated with an increased risk of CVD (cardiovascular disease). In the present study, we determined whether regular aerobic exercise improves brachial artery FMD in MA/O (middle-aged/older) men and post-menopausal women. In sedentary MA/O adults (age, 55-79 years) without CVD, 8 weeks ...
Engbert Kai - - 2010
ABSTRACT: Study Design: A randomized controlled study investigated the effects of therapeutic climbing in patients with chronic low back pain. Before and after 4 weeks of training, physical and mental well-being were measured by 2 questionnaires (Short Form 36 [SF-36]; Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire for measuring back pain-related disability [FFbH-R]).Objective: ...
Campbell Elaine H - - 2010
Equine conditioning programmes are rarely driven by science. Indeed, the scientific literature on conditioning responses often refers to conventional technique rather than physiological driving parameters. This, alongside poor classification of conditioning protocols, has reduced the possibility of comparative data analysis. Recent interest into lactate-driven conditioning programmes has driven this review ...
Swart Reinout M - - 2010
Although hyponatremia is a recognized complication of several inflammatory diseases, its pathophysiology in this setting has remained elusive until recently. A growing body of evidence now points to an important role for interleukin-6 in the non-osmotic release of vasopressin. Here, we review this evidence by exploring the immuno-neuroendocrine pathways connecting ...
McManus Alison M - - 2011
The participation of girls in elite sport has increased exponentially over the past 30 years. Despite these increases a tradition for recruiting boys for exercise studies persistsand our knowledge of the physiologic response to exercise in girls remains limited. Girls' physiology varies with age and maturation and is underpinned by ...
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