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Kurti Allison N AN Department of Psychology, University of Florida, P.O. Box 112250, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise is increasingly being pursued as a treatment to reduce cigarette smoking. The efficacy of clinical, exercise-based cessation interventions may be enhanced by conducting laboratory studies to determine maximally effective conditions for reducing smoking, and the mechanisms through which the effects on smoking are achieved. The main purpose of this ...
Maddison Ralph R National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, - - 2014
Regular exercise has been proposed as a potential smoking cessation aid. This study aimed to determine the effects of an exercise counseling program on cigarette smoking abstinence at 24 weeks. A parallel, two-arm, randomized controlled trial was conducted. Adult cigarette smokers (n = 906) who were insufficiently active and interested in quitting were ...
Furlanetto Karina Couto KC Laboratory of Research in Respiratory Physiotherapy (LFIP), Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, - - 2014
In smokers without airflow obstruction, detailed, objective and controlled quantification of the level of physical inactivity in daily life has never been performed. This study aimed to objectively assess the level of physical activity in daily life in adult smokers without airflow obstruction in comparison with matched non-smokers, and to ...
Marzetti E E Department of Geriatrics, Neurosciences and Orthopedics Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Teaching Hospital "Agostino Gemelli" Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
Background: Traditional rehabilitation improves pain and function in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. Neurocognitive rehabilitation has shown to be highly effective after surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. However, its effects in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome have not yet been established. Aim: The aim of the study was ...
Williams David M - - 2013
Aerobic exercise has been proposed as a stand-alone or adjunct smoking cessation treatment, but findings have been mixed. Laboratory studies have shown that individual exercise sessions lead to decreases in withdrawal symptoms and cigarette cravings, but findings are limited by lack of follow-up and artificial settings. On the other hand, ...
Martinez Carlos H - - 2013
As the clinical significance of chronic bronchitis among smokers without airflow obstruction is unclear, we sought to determine morbidity associated with this disorder. We examined subjects from the COPDGene study and compared those with FEV1/FVC ≥0.70, no diagnosis of asthma and chronic bronchitis as defined as a history of cough ...
Prapavessis Harry - - 2013
Smoking during pregnancy is common, and quitting at any point during pregnancy can yield benefits to both the fetus and mother. Smoking cessation is typically followed by withdrawal symptoms and a strong desire to smoke, both of which are likely to contribute to relapse. Research has shown that a bout ...
Hurley Caitlin F - - 2013
Hurley, CF, Hatfield, DL, and Riebe, DA. The effect of caffeine ingestion on delayed onset muscle soreness. J Strength Cond Res 27(11): 3101-3109, 2013-The beneficial effects of caffeine on aerobic activity and resistance training performance are well documented. However, less is known concerning caffeine's potential role in reducing perception of ...
Camp Pat G - - 2013
We hypothesized that biomass smoke exposure is associated with an airway-predominant COPD phenotype, while tobacco-related COPD is associated with an emphysema-predominant phenotype.In this cross-sectional study, female never-smokers with COPD and biomass exposure (n=21) and female ex-cigarette smokers with COPD without biomass exposure (n=22) completed computed tomography (CT) at inspiration and ...
Guimard A - - 2013
Competitive swimmers regularly perform apnea series with or without fins as part of their training, but the ergogenic and metabolic repercussions of acute and chronic apnea have not been examined. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the cardiovascular, lactate, arterial oxygen saturation and hormonal responses to acute apnea in relation to ...
Aydin Suleyman - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to ascertain (1) whether human saliva contains irisin and whether its level correlates with serum irisin concentration, (2) whether salivary glands, eccrine glands and sebaceous glands in human skin produce irisin, (3) how the changes in saliva and serum irisin concentrations after the Turkish ...
Spangler Mikayla - - 2013
Asthma affects millions of individuals worldwide. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is common in patients diagnosed with asthma, but may also occur in patients without chronic asthma. Patients with isolated exercise-induced bronchoconstriction may require pretreatment with inhaled short-acting β-agonists prior to exercise. Patients diagnosed with asthma can achieve good control of the symptoms ...
Moraes Alberto Rocha - - 2013
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a multifactorial disease. For this reason, it is difficult to obtain an accurate and correct diagnosis. In this context, conservative treatments, including therapeutic exercises classified as stretching, relaxation, coordination, strengthening and endurance, are oftentimes prescribed. Thus, the aim of the present article was to conduct a ...
Oncescu Vlad - - 2013
The mobile health market is rapidly expanding and portable diagnostics tools offer an opportunity to decrease costs and increase the availability of healthcare. Here we present a smartphone based accessory and method for the rapid colorimetric detection of pH in sweat and saliva. Sweat pH can be correlated to sodium ...
Higgins John P - - 2013
Caffeine consumption has been receiving increased interest from both the medical and lay press, especially given the increased amounts now available in energy products. Acute ingestion of caffeine usually increases cardiac work; however, caffeine impairs the expected proportional increase in myocardial blood flow to match this increased work of the ...
Cantillon Daniel J - - 2013
Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are a common cause of palpitations. Related symptoms include difficulty breathing, chest pain, fatigue, and dizziness. PVCs are also commonly detected incidentally on electrocardiography, outpatient ambulatory monitoring, and inpatient telemetry. Treatment goals include palliating symptoms, restoring cardiac function if affected, and preventing progression to tachycardia-related cardiomyopathy ...
Vujanovic Anka A - - 2013
The present investigation examined the interactive effect of cigarette smoking status (i.e., regular smoking versus non-smoking) and weekly exercise (i.e., weekly metabolic equivalent) in terms of posttraumatic stress (PTSD) symptom severity among a community sample of trauma-exposed adults. Participants included 86 trauma-exposed adults (58.1% female; Mage = 24.3). Approximately 59.7% ...
Cushman Dan - - 2013
While on our general inpatient rehabilitation floor, a 58-year-old man with no hematologic or dermatologic history developed an erythematous patch on his medial ankle that turned more purpuric, with a slight orange tint, and was associated with mild pruritus. The diagnosis of exercise-induced vasculitis was made after initially being mistaken ...
Oh Hwajung - - 2013
Objective: Emotional snacking contributes to weight gain after smoking cessation. Exercise acutely reduces cravings for cigarettes and snack food. This study examined if different exercise intensities acutely reduces snack and cigarette cravings and attentional bias (AB) to video clips of snacks and cigarettes among abstinent smokers. Methods: Abstinent smokers (and ...
Schrader Patrick - - 2013
Caffeine is a commonly used stimulant thought to have ergogenic properties. Most studies on the ergogenic effects of caffeine have been conducted in athletes. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that caffeine reduces ratings of perceived exertion and increases liking of physical activity in sedentary adults. ...
Papathanasiou George - - 2013
There is an established link between smoking, abnormal heart rate (HR) values, and impaired cardiovascular health in middle-aged or older populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of smoking on resting HR and on HR responses during and after exercise in young adults. A sample of ...
Allgrove J E - - 2013
This study investigated the salivary secretion rates of antimicrobial proteins in response to prolonged, exhaustive exercise in both stimulated (STIM) and unstimulated (UNSTIM) saliva flow sample methods. Twenty-four trained men cycled for 2.5 h at 60% V ˙ O 2 m ⁢ a x and then to exhaustion at 75% V ...
Bassilios Bridget - - 2013
IntroductionMortality in individuals with schizophrenia, including deaths not attributable to accidents and suicide, is at least twice that of the general population. While increasing physical exercise could promote positive mental and physical health outcomes in individuals with schizophrenia, only one other study of the determinants of exercise within this population ...
Guthrie Lori C - - 2013
To examine associations between time perspective and smoking, body mass index, and exercise. In this community-based survey, adults reported smoking and exercise habits and weight and height and completed the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Subjects (N=265) who were more future oriented reported more frequent exercise, but were more likely to ...
Ma Wan-Li - - 2013
FIZZ/RELM is a new gene family named "found in inflammatory zone" (FIZZ) or "resistin-like molecule" (RELM). FIZZ1/RELMα is specifically expressed in lung tissue and associated with pulmonary inflammation. Chronic cigarette smoking up-regulates FIZZ1/RELMα expression in rat lung tissues, the mechanism of which is related to cigarette smoking-induced airway hyperresponsiveness. To ...
Sanchez Victoria V Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, 1670 Discovery Drive, Suite 110, Charlottesville, VA 22911, - - 2013
Exercise appears to be a promising non-pharmacological treatment for nicotine addiction that may be useful for the vulnerable adolescent population. The aim of this study is to determine if wheel-running, an animal model of aerobic exercise, during an abstinence period would decrease subsequent nicotine-seeking in rats that had extended access ...
Beaven C Martyn - - 2013
Our purpose was to examine the effectiveness of carbohydrate and caffeine mouth rinses in enhancing repeated sprint ability. Previously, studies have shown that a carbohydrate mouth rinse (without ingestion) has beneficial effects on endurance performance that are related to changes in brain activity. Caffeine ingestion has also demonstrated positive effects ...
Jayakody Kaushadh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are commonly treated with antidepressants and psychological treatments. Some patients may prefer alternative approaches such as exercise. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment effects of exercise compared with other treatments for anxiety disorders. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise interventions for anxiety disorders were identified by ...
Baptista Pedro Porto Alegre - - 2013
Extra-pyramidal symptoms (EPS) such as akinesia, dystonia, gait alteration and tremors are observed when dopamine D2-receptors are blocked by pharmacological agents such as haloperidol. These alterations produce a Parkinson disease-like state (PLS). Physical exercise has been proven to improve gait and locomotor symptoms in Parkinson´s disease; we sought to elucidate ...
Linke Sarah E - - 2013
Although smoking rates are lower among women than men, women are less likely to quit smoking in cessation trials. This is in part due to their tendency to smoke to help prevent or mitigate negative mood/affect, depression and/or postcessation weight gain. Exercise helps to alleviate women's fear of postcessation weight ...
Holdsworth Luke - - 2013
This study of high altitude physiology was undertaken during an 11-day expedition to the Himalaya with ascent to Annapurna base camp (4,130 m) reaching it on the sixth day. Fourteen male UK residents (13 aged 16-17 years; 1 adult) measured arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) and heart rate (HR) at rest ...
Meeusen Romain - - 2013
Caffeine can improve exercise performance when it is ingested at moderate doses (3-6 mg/kg body mass). Caffeine also has an effect on the central nervous system (CNS), and it is now recognized that most of the performance-enhancing effect of caffeine is accomplished through the antagonism of the adenosine receptors, influencing ...
Lee Chia-Lun CL Physical Education Section for General Education, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, - - 2013
In this study, the effects of cigarette smoking on maximal aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, and heart rate variability among female university students were investigated. Twelve smokers and 21 nonsmokers participated in this study. All participants performed an intermittent sprint test (IST) and a 20 m shuttle run test to measure ...
Kitaguchi Yoshiaki - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to clarify the additive efficacy of short-acting β(2)-agonists (SABA) or muscarinic antagonists (SAMA) on dynamic hyperinflation and exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had been treated with long-acting bronchodilators. Thirty-two patients with stable COPD who had been treated with ...
Bloom Erika Litvin - - 2012
Physical activity has been identified as a protective factor with regard to tobacco use, such that physically active adolescents are less likely to initiate smoking, and smokers are less physically active than non-smokers. These findings, along with the well-documented benefits of exercise on mood and well-being in adults, have stimulated ...
Drew Benjamin T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have highlighted the benefit of loaded therapeutic exercise in the treatment of tendinopathy. Changes in observable structural outcomes have been suggested as a possible explanation for this response to therapeutic exercise. However, the mechanism for the efficacy of therapeutic exercise remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the ...
Baldwin Austin S - - 2012
Objective: Self-persuasion-generating one's own arguments for engaging in a specific behavior-can be an effective strategy to promote health behavior change, yet the causal processes that explain why it is effective are not well-specified. We sought to elucidate specific causal components and a mediating process of self-persuasion in two health behavior ...
Shahab Lion L Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, WC1E 6BT, London, UK. - - 2013
Breathing exercises have been proposed as a way of combating cigarette cravings, potentially presenting a low-cost, easily scalable smoking cessation aid. The aim of this study is to evaluate the acute impact of breathing exercises based on yogic pranayama on cravings in abstaining smokers. Participants visited the laboratory on two ...
Hobara Hiroaki - - 2012
Background: Understanding leg stiffness (K (leg)) in amputee sprinters is important for the evaluation of their sprint ability and development of running-specific prostheses (RSP). Objectives: To investigate K (leg) during hopping in amputee sprinters. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Seven transtibial (TT) and seven transfemoral (TF) amputee sprinters, as well ...
Lanier Angela Baldwin - - 2012
To assess health-related fitness, physical activity correlates, and completion of a half-marathon using a 3-day training program in a college community. 26 volunteers participated in a 20-week, half-marathon training program. All participants completed the half-marathon. Positive changes in health-related fitness and psychological correlates associated with future exercise participation were observed. ...
Killen L G - - 2012
This study examined effects of caffeine on session ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) following 30 min constant-load cycling. Individuals (n = 15) of varying aerobic fitness completed a [Formula: see text] max trial and two 30 min cycling bouts (double-blind, counterbalanced) following ingestion of 6 mL/kg of caffeine or matched placebo. RPE overall, legs and ...
Fox Benjamin Daniel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) typically have exercise intolerance and limitation in climbing steps. OBJECTIVES: To explore the exercise physiology of step climbing in PH patients, on a laboratory-based step test. METHODS: We built a step oximetry system from an 'aerobics' step equipped with pressure sensors and pulse oximeter ...
Piscione Julien - - 2012
Soleus Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) amplitude is affected by a training period and type and level of training are also well known to modify aerobic capacities. Previously, paired changes in H-reflex and aerobic capacity have been evidenced after endurance training. The aim of this study was to investigate possible links between ...
Barone Gibbs Bethany - - 2012
To investigate the effect of an exercise intervention on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and circulating endothelial biomarkers in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Sedentary adults (n = 140), aged 40-65, with T2DM and untreated pre or Stage I hypertension or treated hypertension were randomized to a 6-month, supervised, exercise program ...
Araneda O F - - 2012
The impact of an endurance race on pulmonary pro-oxidative formation and lipoperoxidation was evaluated using exhaled breath condensate (EBC). 3 groups of 12, 12 and 17 healthy recreational runners of both sexes ran 10, 21.1 and 42.2 km, respectively. EBC samples were obtained before the run and at 20 and ...
Chapman D W - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that fast skeletal muscle troponin I (fsTnI) concentration in serum would increase more than those of slow skeletal muscle troponin I (ssTnI) after eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors using a sensitive blood marker to track fibre specific muscle damage. DESIGN: Observational comparison of response ...
Alghamdi Mohammed H - - 2012
AIMS: The contribution of the systolic function of the right ventricular (RV) outflow tract (RVOT) and of longitudinal shortening of the body of the right ventricle to global RV systolic function and exercise capacity in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair is unclear. Our aim was to characterize the ...
Chien Jung-Yien - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Abnormal thoraco-abdominal motion may contribute to exercise limitation in patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD). The current study aimed to assess how the thoraco-abdominal asynchrony in COPD patients correlates with exercise performance during the six-minute walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Eighty-eight COPD patients (40 moderate and 48 severe) and ...
Mawyer J D - - 2012
Stallions (n = 8) were implanted with a thermal sensory device in the muscle of the neck and the subcutaneous tissue of the scrotum and then assigned to either a non-exercise (Non-EX; n = 4) or exercise (EX; n = 4) group. A motorized equine exerciser was used to work ...
Bjersing Jan L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by chronic pain. Impaired growth hormone responses and reduced serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) are common in FM. The aim was to examine changes in serum IGF-1, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), neuropeptides and cytokines during aerobic exercise in FM patients. METHOD: A total of ...
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