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Shaibi Gabriel Q GQ 1College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University 2School of Nutrition Health Promotion, Arizona State University 3Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center, Arizona State University 4Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Phoenix Children's - - 2014
Despite evidence to the contrary, exercise interventions for obese youth target weight loss as a means for improving health. Using Exercise is Medicine® as a framework, we present a conceptual model for the beneficial effects of exercise independent of weight loss in obese youth and highlight novel biomarkers of cardiometabolic ...
Tranholm Mikael M Novo Nordisk, A/S, Novo Nordisk Park, 2760, Måløv, - - 2014
Muscle haematomas are the second most common complication of haemophilia and insufficient treatment may result in serious and even life threatening complications. Haemophilic dogs and rats do experience spontaneous muscle bleeding, but currently, no experimental animal model is available specifically investigating spontaneous muscle bleeds in a haemophilic setting. The objective ...
Meadow Sandra L SL London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA; Childbirth - - 2014
Training organizations as well as academic and popular literature provide ambiguous or ethically contentious characterizations of the role of the birth doula, a non-clinical role assisting women in pregnancy and birth with information and physical and emotional support. Doulas have been criticized for attempting to impose their own agendas on ...
Andreatta Pamela B PB From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Laparoscopic tissue handling is quite difficult to measure using virtual-reality laparoscopic simulators and box-trainer exercises, and therefore, completion time is the predominant performance measure for simulation-based laparoscopic training exercises. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of a training and assessment model for precise laparoscopic handling ...
Kung Ethan E Mechanical Engineering Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634, - - 2014
Reduced exercise capacity is nearly universal among Fontan patients. Although many factors have emerged as possible contributors, the degree to which each impacts the overall hemodynamics is largely unknown. Computational modeling provides a means to test hypotheses of causes of exercise intolerance via precisely controlled virtual experiments and measurements. We ...
Standard Joseph J Department of Human Nutrition, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS - - 2014
Weight control through either dietary calorie restriction (DCR) or exercise has been associated with cancer prevention in animal models. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully defined. Bioinformatics using genomics, proteomics and lipidomics was employed to elucidate the molecular targets of weight control in a mouse skin cancer model. SENCAR ...
Vargas Nicole T NT School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, 2795, Australia, - - 2014
A common emotional human anomaly is the manifestation of fatigue which is felt as an overall symptom in times of sickness and disease, but also during and after exercise as a specific or general symptom of exhaustion and over exertion. The main culprit of fatigue during illness is thought to ...
Gao Yong Y Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation center, The Second Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of caveolin-1 in treadmill-exercise-induced angiogenesis in the ischemic penumbra of rat brains, and whether caveolin-1 changes correlated with reduced brain injury induced by treadmill exercise, in rats after cerebral ischemia. Rats were randomized into five groups: sham-operated (S, n=7), model ...
Park Wonil W Cardiovascular Aging Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, - - 2014
The largest percentage of mortality from tobacco smoking is cardiovascular-related. It is not known whether regular participation in exercise mitigates the adverse influence of smoking on vasculature. Accordingly, the authors determined whether regular aerobic exercise is associated with reduced arterial stiffness in men who smoke cigarettes. Using a cross-sectional study ...
Bernard P P Laboratory Epsylon EA 4556, Department of Dynamics of Human Abilities and Health Behaviors, University of Montpellier 1 , Montpellier , France - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a sub-maximal exercise test measuring the distance that a patient can walk quickly in a period of 6 minutes (6MWD). The objectives of this systematic review are to evaluate the 6MWT's suitability for measuring the impact of an intervention, to compare the ...
Sheikh Khadija K Robarts Research - - 2014
Hyperpolarized (3)He magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) previously revealed spatially-persistent ventilation-defects in healthy older, as compared to healthy younger never-smokers. To better understand the physiological consequences and potential relevance of (3)He MRI ventilation defects, we evaluated (3)He MRI ventilation-defect-percent (VDP) and the effect of deep-inspiration (DI) and salbutamol on VDP in older never-smokers. ...
Fong Angela J AJ School of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, Exercise and Health Psychology Laboratory, Arthur and Sonia Labatt Health Science Building, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B9, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The health consequences of smoking are well documented, yet quit rates are modest. While exercise has supported decreased cravings and withdrawal symptoms in temporarily abstinent smokers, it has yet to be applied when smokers are experiencing concurrent stressors. This study examined the effect of an acute bout of moderate intensity ...
Mesquita R R Centro de Pesquisa em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Norte do Paraná, Londrina, PR, Brazil; Programa de Mestrado e Doutorado em Ciências da Reabilitação, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Universidade Norte do Paraná, Londrina, PR, Brazil; Laboratório de Pesquisa em Fisioterapia Pulmonar, Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, PR, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between smoking status and exercise capacity, physical activity in daily life and health-related quality of life in physically independent, elderly (≥60 years) individuals. Cross-sectional, observational study. Community-dwelling, elderly individuals. One hundred and fifty-four elderly individuals were categorised into four groups according to their smoking status: never ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Bellarmine University, Department of Exercise Science, Donna & Allan Lansing School of Nursing & Health Sciences, Louisville, KY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to examine the association between nicotine dependence and longitudinal exercise transitional shift patterns among young U.S. adult daily smokers. Data from the 2003-2005 National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey was used, which is a longitudinal study over a two year period. Participants included 1168 US ...
Berkovitch Anat A Leviev Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Centre, - - 2014
Smoking is an independent cardiovascular risk factor and correlates with reduced exercise tolerance. However, data on the time dependent effect of smoking cessation on exercise tolerance are limited. We investigated 17,115 men and women who were annually screened at the Institute for Medical Screening of the Chaim Sheba Medical Centre. ...
Abrantes Ana M AM Butler Hospital, Providence, - - 2014
Previous exercise intervention studies for smoking cessation have been challenged by a number of methodological limitations that confound the potential efficacy of aerobic exercise for smoking cessation. The preliminary efficacy of a behavioral exercise intervention that incorporated features designed to address prior limitations was tested in a randomized controlled trial ...
Mora-Rodríguez Ricardo R Exercise Physiology Laboratory at Toledo, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether the ergogenic effects of caffeine ingestion on neuromuscular performance are similar when ingestion takes place in the morning and in the afternoon. Double blind, cross-over, randomized, placebo controlled design. Thirteen resistance-trained males carried out bench press and full squat exercises against four incremental loads (25%, 50%, 75% ...
Bates Melissa L ML Interdisciplinary Graduate Degree Program in Physiology; Department of Pediatrics, Critical Care Division, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792; John Rankin Laboratory of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792. Electronic address: - - 2014
In non-smokers, ozone (O3) inhalation causes decreases in forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and dead space (VD) and increases the slope of the alveolar plateau (SN). We previously described a population of smokers with a limited smoking history that had enhanced responsiveness to brief O3 boluses and aimed to determine if ...
Kurti Allison N AN Department of Psychology, University of Florida, P.O. Box 112250, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise is increasingly being pursued as a treatment to reduce cigarette smoking. The efficacy of clinical, exercise-based cessation interventions may be enhanced by conducting laboratory studies to determine maximally effective conditions for reducing smoking, and the mechanisms through which the effects on smoking are achieved. The main purpose of this ...
Maddison Ralph R National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, - - 2014
Regular exercise has been proposed as a potential smoking cessation aid. This study aimed to determine the effects of an exercise counseling program on cigarette smoking abstinence at 24 weeks. A parallel, two-arm, randomized controlled trial was conducted. Adult cigarette smokers (n = 906) who were insufficiently active and interested in quitting were ...
Furlanetto Karina Couto KC Laboratory of Research in Respiratory Physiotherapy (LFIP), Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, - - 2014
In smokers without airflow obstruction, detailed, objective and controlled quantification of the level of physical inactivity in daily life has never been performed. This study aimed to objectively assess the level of physical activity in daily life in adult smokers without airflow obstruction in comparison with matched non-smokers, and to ...
Marzetti E E Department of Geriatrics, Neurosciences and Orthopedics Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Teaching Hospital "Agostino Gemelli" Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
Background: Traditional rehabilitation improves pain and function in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. Neurocognitive rehabilitation has shown to be highly effective after surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. However, its effects in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome have not yet been established. Aim: The aim of the study was ...
Barcelos Rômulo Pillon RP Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas (CCNE), Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), 97105-900 Santa Maria, Brazil. - - 2014
Caffeine is presented in many commercial products and has been proven to induce ergogenic effects in exercise, mainly related to redox status homeostasis, inflammation and oxidative stress-related adaptation mechanisms. However, most studies have mainly focused on muscle adaptations, and the role of caffeine in different tissues during exercise training has ...
Peng F-L FL Department of Physical Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, Guangxi, China - - 2014
We investigated the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel [mito-K (ATP)] in exercise preconditioning of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Eighty SD rats were randomly divided into high-, moderate-, low-intensity, and control groups. The exercise groups were divided into control and inhibited groups. The control group was divided into model and sham ...
Egorov Alexei Y AY ; - - 2013
Exercise addiction receives substantial attention in the field of behavioral addictions. It is a unique form of addiction because in contrast to other addictive disorders it is carried out with major physical-effort and high energy expenditure. A critical literature review was performed. The literature evaluation shows that most published accounts ...
Williams David M - - 2013
Aerobic exercise has been proposed as a stand-alone or adjunct smoking cessation treatment, but findings have been mixed. Laboratory studies have shown that individual exercise sessions lead to decreases in withdrawal symptoms and cigarette cravings, but findings are limited by lack of follow-up and artificial settings. On the other hand, ...
Martinez Carlos H - - 2013
As the clinical significance of chronic bronchitis among smokers without airflow obstruction is unclear, we sought to determine morbidity associated with this disorder. We examined subjects from the COPDGene study and compared those with FEV1/FVC ≥0.70, no diagnosis of asthma and chronic bronchitis as defined as a history of cough ...
Prapavessis Harry - - 2013
Smoking during pregnancy is common, and quitting at any point during pregnancy can yield benefits to both the fetus and mother. Smoking cessation is typically followed by withdrawal symptoms and a strong desire to smoke, both of which are likely to contribute to relapse. Research has shown that a bout ...
Hurley Caitlin F - - 2013
Hurley, CF, Hatfield, DL, and Riebe, DA. The effect of caffeine ingestion on delayed onset muscle soreness. J Strength Cond Res 27(11): 3101-3109, 2013-The beneficial effects of caffeine on aerobic activity and resistance training performance are well documented. However, less is known concerning caffeine's potential role in reducing perception of ...
Camp Pat G - - 2013
We hypothesized that biomass smoke exposure is associated with an airway-predominant COPD phenotype, while tobacco-related COPD is associated with an emphysema-predominant phenotype.In this cross-sectional study, female never-smokers with COPD and biomass exposure (n=21) and female ex-cigarette smokers with COPD without biomass exposure (n=22) completed computed tomography (CT) at inspiration and ...
Guimard A - - 2013
Competitive swimmers regularly perform apnea series with or without fins as part of their training, but the ergogenic and metabolic repercussions of acute and chronic apnea have not been examined. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the cardiovascular, lactate, arterial oxygen saturation and hormonal responses to acute apnea in relation to ...
Aydin Suleyman - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to ascertain (1) whether human saliva contains irisin and whether its level correlates with serum irisin concentration, (2) whether salivary glands, eccrine glands and sebaceous glands in human skin produce irisin, (3) how the changes in saliva and serum irisin concentrations after the Turkish ...
Spangler Mikayla - - 2013
Asthma affects millions of individuals worldwide. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is common in patients diagnosed with asthma, but may also occur in patients without chronic asthma. Patients with isolated exercise-induced bronchoconstriction may require pretreatment with inhaled short-acting β-agonists prior to exercise. Patients diagnosed with asthma can achieve good control of the symptoms ...
Moraes Alberto Rocha - - 2013
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a multifactorial disease. For this reason, it is difficult to obtain an accurate and correct diagnosis. In this context, conservative treatments, including therapeutic exercises classified as stretching, relaxation, coordination, strengthening and endurance, are oftentimes prescribed. Thus, the aim of the present article was to conduct a ...
Oncescu Vlad - - 2013
The mobile health market is rapidly expanding and portable diagnostics tools offer an opportunity to decrease costs and increase the availability of healthcare. Here we present a smartphone based accessory and method for the rapid colorimetric detection of pH in sweat and saliva. Sweat pH can be correlated to sodium ...
Higgins John P - - 2013
Caffeine consumption has been receiving increased interest from both the medical and lay press, especially given the increased amounts now available in energy products. Acute ingestion of caffeine usually increases cardiac work; however, caffeine impairs the expected proportional increase in myocardial blood flow to match this increased work of the ...
Cantillon Daniel J - - 2013
Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are a common cause of palpitations. Related symptoms include difficulty breathing, chest pain, fatigue, and dizziness. PVCs are also commonly detected incidentally on electrocardiography, outpatient ambulatory monitoring, and inpatient telemetry. Treatment goals include palliating symptoms, restoring cardiac function if affected, and preventing progression to tachycardia-related cardiomyopathy ...
Vujanovic Anka A - - 2013
The present investigation examined the interactive effect of cigarette smoking status (i.e., regular smoking versus non-smoking) and weekly exercise (i.e., weekly metabolic equivalent) in terms of posttraumatic stress (PTSD) symptom severity among a community sample of trauma-exposed adults. Participants included 86 trauma-exposed adults (58.1% female; Mage = 24.3). Approximately 59.7% ...
Cushman Dan - - 2013
While on our general inpatient rehabilitation floor, a 58-year-old man with no hematologic or dermatologic history developed an erythematous patch on his medial ankle that turned more purpuric, with a slight orange tint, and was associated with mild pruritus. The diagnosis of exercise-induced vasculitis was made after initially being mistaken ...
Oh Hwajung - - 2013
Objective: Emotional snacking contributes to weight gain after smoking cessation. Exercise acutely reduces cravings for cigarettes and snack food. This study examined if different exercise intensities acutely reduces snack and cigarette cravings and attentional bias (AB) to video clips of snacks and cigarettes among abstinent smokers. Methods: Abstinent smokers (and ...
Schrader Patrick - - 2013
Caffeine is a commonly used stimulant thought to have ergogenic properties. Most studies on the ergogenic effects of caffeine have been conducted in athletes. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that caffeine reduces ratings of perceived exertion and increases liking of physical activity in sedentary adults. ...
Papathanasiou George - - 2013
There is an established link between smoking, abnormal heart rate (HR) values, and impaired cardiovascular health in middle-aged or older populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of smoking on resting HR and on HR responses during and after exercise in young adults. A sample of ...
Allgrove J E - - 2013
This study investigated the salivary secretion rates of antimicrobial proteins in response to prolonged, exhaustive exercise in both stimulated (STIM) and unstimulated (UNSTIM) saliva flow sample methods. Twenty-four trained men cycled for 2.5 h at 60% V ˙ O 2 m ⁢ a x and then to exhaustion at 75% V ...
Bassilios Bridget - - 2013
IntroductionMortality in individuals with schizophrenia, including deaths not attributable to accidents and suicide, is at least twice that of the general population. While increasing physical exercise could promote positive mental and physical health outcomes in individuals with schizophrenia, only one other study of the determinants of exercise within this population ...
Guthrie Lori C LC National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2013
To examine associations between time perspective and smoking, body mass index, and exercise. In this community-based survey, adults reported smoking and exercise habits and weight and height and completed the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Subjects (N=265) who were more future oriented reported more frequent exercise, but were more likely to ...
Ma Wan-Li - - 2013
FIZZ/RELM is a new gene family named "found in inflammatory zone" (FIZZ) or "resistin-like molecule" (RELM). FIZZ1/RELMα is specifically expressed in lung tissue and associated with pulmonary inflammation. Chronic cigarette smoking up-regulates FIZZ1/RELMα expression in rat lung tissues, the mechanism of which is related to cigarette smoking-induced airway hyperresponsiveness. To ...
Sanchez Victoria V Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, 1670 Discovery Drive, Suite 110, Charlottesville, VA 22911, - - 2013
Exercise appears to be a promising non-pharmacological treatment for nicotine addiction that may be useful for the vulnerable adolescent population. The aim of this study is to determine if wheel-running, an animal model of aerobic exercise, during an abstinence period would decrease subsequent nicotine-seeking in rats that had extended access ...
Beaven C Martyn - - 2013
Our purpose was to examine the effectiveness of carbohydrate and caffeine mouth rinses in enhancing repeated sprint ability. Previously, studies have shown that a carbohydrate mouth rinse (without ingestion) has beneficial effects on endurance performance that are related to changes in brain activity. Caffeine ingestion has also demonstrated positive effects ...
Jayakody Kaushadh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are commonly treated with antidepressants and psychological treatments. Some patients may prefer alternative approaches such as exercise. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment effects of exercise compared with other treatments for anxiety disorders. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise interventions for anxiety disorders were identified by ...
Baptista Pedro Porto Alegre - - 2013
Extra-pyramidal symptoms (EPS) such as akinesia, dystonia, gait alteration and tremors are observed when dopamine D2-receptors are blocked by pharmacological agents such as haloperidol. These alterations produce a Parkinson disease-like state (PLS). Physical exercise has been proven to improve gait and locomotor symptoms in Parkinson´s disease; we sought to elucidate ...
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