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Mahfouz Ragab A RA Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, - - 2013
Endothelial function plays a key role in determining the clinical manifestations of established atherosclerotic lesions and has shown to be associated with suppressed sympathetic tone. Abnormal heart rate recovery (HRR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) response during recovery has been found to have diagnostic role for detecting cardiovascular risk. To ...
Allen Jason D JD Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA; Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine if type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) differentiates endothelial function and plasma nitrite response (a marker of nitric oxide bioavailability) during exercise in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) subjects prior to and following 3months supervised exercise training (SET). In subjects with T2D+PAD (n=13) and PAD-only (n=14), endothelial function was measured ...
Disanzo Beth L BL Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY - - 2013
To investigate the effects of obesity and exercise training on regional adipose tissue angiogenesis and hypoxia markers in rats. Lean (Fa/Fa) and obese (fa/fa) male Zucker rats at 2months of age were randomly assigned to a sedentary or an exercise training group (lean sedentary: n=7, lean exercise: n=8, obese sedentary: ...
Troosters Thierry T Respiratory Rehabilitation and Respiratory Division, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tervuursevest 101, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation is a therapy that offers benefits to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that are complementary to those obtained by pharmacotherapy. The main objective of pulmonary rehabilitation is to restore muscle function and exercise tolerance, reverse other nonrespiratory consequences of the disease, and help patients to self-manage chronic ...
Abraham P P Laboratory for Exercise Investigations and Sports Medicine, Angers, France; Laboratory for Vascular Investigations, Angers, France; LUNAM Université, Angers, France; INSERM1083/CNRS6214, Angers, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
To externally validate the recently proposed "Walking Estimated Limitation Calculated by History" (WELCH) questionnaire. A prospective study was performed on 450 new patients referred to our laboratory for treadmill testing (constant load 3.2 km/h and 10% slope for 15 minutes and then incremental increases). Results are presented as mean ± SD or median ...
Jo Kim Byeong - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of caffeine intake on finger cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD). Ten healthy men underwent 6 experimental trials characterized by control (NCAFF) or caffeine intake (CAFF) via chewing gum (300 mg of caffeine) while resting on a chair or performing submaximal (70% maximal ...
Banitalebi E - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of present study was to study the effect of 8 weeks resistance training on plasma Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) level and gene expression of S1P receptors in skeletal muscles of male Wistar rat. Methods: In this study 24 (8 week-old) male Wistar rats (190-250 gr) were divided randomly to ...
Holland Anne E - - 2013
Dyspnoea, fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance, peripheral muscle dysfunction and mood disorders are common features of many chronic respiratory disorders. Pulmonary rehabilitation successfully treats these manifestations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emerging evidence suggests that these benefits could be extended to other chronic respiratory conditions, although adaptations to the ...
Cho Eun Jeong EJ Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
Although exercise testing has been suggested to help predict clinical outcome, limited data are available to guide how exercise Doppler echocardiography (ECG) can be used clinically in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The aim of this study was to assess the clinical value of exercise echocardiographic testing in asymptomatic ...
Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H - - 2013
Aging leads to accumulation of irreversible advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), contributing to vascular stiffening and endothelial dysfunction. When combined with the AGE-crosslink breaker Alagebrium, exercise training reverses cardiovascular aging in experimental animals. This study is the first to examine the effect of Alagebrium, with and without exercise training, on endothelial ...
Nock Nora L NL Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2013
African-American (AA) women have higher rates of breast cancer (BCa) mortality than Caucasian women, and a recent study using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry suggests that this disparity may be due, in part, to the poorer health status of AAs at diagnosis and not treatment ...
El-Tamawy Mohamed S - - 2013
Stroke is a leading cause of functional impairments. High percentage of these patients will experience some degree of cognitive affection, ranging from mild cognitive impairment to dementia. Demonstrate the role of aerobic exercises enhancing cognitive functions and its effect on Brain Derived Neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in post-ischemic stroke patients in ...
Blackstock Felicity C - - 2013
Pulmonary rehabilitation is beneficial for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and typically includes exercise and disease-specific education components. However, the benefits directly attributable to the education component remain unclear. This trial sought to determine whether the addition of education to exercise training resulted in greater improvements in health ...
van der Plas Mart N - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension is frequently observed in advanced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor prognosis. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can be used to detect less advanced pulmonary vascular impairment, and therefore may be of prognostic use. We studied the predictive value of non-invasive exercise parameters that were associated ...
Irisawa Hiroshi - - 2013
Background: Nearly all clinical trials investigating patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have used the 6-min walk test (6MWT) to evaluate exercise tolerance. The incremental shuttle walk test (SWT), however, has been proposed as a more valid and reproducible alternative to the 6MWT in the evaluation of exercise tolerance in patients ...
Wang Jong-Shyan - - 2013
Circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) improve cardiovascular function and organ perfusion by enhancing the capacities of endothelial repair and neovasculogenesis. This study investigates whether exercise regimens with/without hypoxia affect cardiac and muscular hemodynamics by modulating CPCs and angiogenic factors. Forty sedentary males were randomly divided into hypoxic (HT, n=20) and normoxic ...
Ebersbach Georg G Movement Disorders Hospital, Beelitz-Heilstätten, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether physical activity may affect cognitive performance in patients with Parkinson's disease by measuring reaction times in patients participating in the Berlin BIG study. Randomized controlled trial, rater-blinded. Ambulatory care. Patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (N=60) were randomly allocated to 3 treatment arms. Outcome was measured ...
Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H MH Department of Physiology. Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Department of Geriatric Medicine. Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Aging leads to accumulation of irreversible advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), contributing to vascular stiffening and endothelial dysfunction. When combined with the AGE-crosslink breaker Alagebrium, exercise training reverses cardiovascular aging in experimental animals. This study is the first to examine the effect of Alagebrium, with and without exercise training, on endothelial ...
Høier Birgitte - - 2013
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is caused by atherosclerosis and is associated with microcirculatory impairments in skeletal muscle. The present study evaluated the angiogenic response to exercise and passive movement in skeletal muscle of PAD patients compared to healthy control subjects. Twenty-one PAD patients and 17 aged controls were randomly assigned ...
Niu Ruichao - - 2013
Although the benefits of exercise on the health of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been widely reported, the effect of Tai Chi as an alternative exercise has not been thoroughly evaluated in patients with COPD. This study reported a randomised controlled trial, which investigated the effects of ...
Cipriano Gerson G - - 2013
From previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, there is consensus about the positive effect of exercise training on exercise capacity for systolic heart failure (HF); however, the effect on actual prognostic markers such as NTproBNP and minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2) slope has not been evaluated. The primary aim of the ...
Fernandez-Gonzalo Rodrigo - - 2013
This study assessed and compared acute muscle molecular responses before and after 5 wks training, employing either aerobic (AE) and resistance exercise (RE) or RE only. Ten men performed one-legged RE, while the contralateral limb performed AE followed by RE 6 h later (AE+RE). Before (untrained) and after (trained) the ...
Ta┼čolar H H Department of Cardiology, Adiyaman University, Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, - - 2013
Endothelial dysfunction plays a key role in the aetiopathogenesis of slow coronary flow (SCF) even if there is no obstructive epicardial lesion. Reduced plasma levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are an important indicator of endothelial dysfunction. We aimed to determine plasma levels of eNOS and their relationship with ...
Badavi Mohammad M Physiology Research Center, Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR - - 2013
One of the known complications of diabetes mellitus is vascular dysfunction. Inability of the coronary vascular response to cardiac hyperactivity might cause a higher incidence of ischemic heart disease in diabetic subjects. It has been indicated that regular exercise training and antioxidants could prevent diabetic cardiovascular problems enhanced by vascular ...
Lu Silu S Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, - - 2013
Obese subjects exhibit decreased exercise capacity (VO2max ). We have shown that vascular KATP channel mediates arteriolar dilation to muscle contraction. We hypothesize that exercise capacity is decreased in obesity due to impaired vascular KATP function. The VO2max was measured in LZR and OZR by treadmill running before and following ...
Said Salah Am - - 2013
Exercise-induced left bundle branch block (EI-LBBB) is infrequent phenomenon. We present two patients with angina pectoris who developed EI-LBBB during exercise tolerance test. The first patient with typical angina pectoris had significant obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring percutaneous coronary intervention of multiple lesions including placement of drug eluting stents. ...
Okuno Nilo M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the heart rate variability (HRV) following resistance training with and without vascular occlusion. It was hypothesized that low intensity with vascular occlusion would elicit comparable post-exercise HRV responses to that of high intensity without vascular occlusion. Nine subjects undertook four experimental sessions ...
Lee Tatia M C - - 2013
Recent findings have suggested that aerobic exercise may have a positive effect on brain functioning, in addition to its well-recognized beneficial effects on human physiology. This study confirmed the cognitive effects of aerobic exercise on the human brain. It also examined the relationships between exercise and the serum levels of ...
Messier Stephen P SP Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109, USA. - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis (OA), a common cause of chronic pain and disability, has biomechanical and inflammatory origins and is exacerbated by obesity. To determine whether a ≥10% reduction in body weight induced by diet, with or without exercise, would improve mechanistic and clinical outcomes more than exercise alone. Single-blind, 18-month, randomized ...
Grünig Ekkehard - - 2013
This study sought to analyze a new approach to assess exercise-induced systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PASP) increase by means of stress-Doppler echocardiography as a possible measure of right ventricular (RV) contractile reserve in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right heart failure. In this prospective study, patients with invasively ...
Erjavec Tatjana - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To establish at which exercise-power level is the vascular response, as measured by oxygen uptake, closest to the response during the 6-min walk test (6 MWT) in people after lower-limb amputation due to peripheral vascular disease (PVD). Method: A prospective exploratory cohort study was conducted. 6 MWT and exercise testing ...
Chuang Ming-Lung - - 2013
During exercise testing, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often present with ventilatory limitations and various combinations of impaired peripheral oxygenation (IPO) to the exercising muscles. The entities of IPO include anemia, circulation impairment and deconditioning. COPD-IPO is not widely accepted as being a subgroup of COPD. Therefore, the ...
Cha Kwang Soo - - 2013
There are limited data on the effect of iloprost therapy in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES). The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of inhaled iloprost therapy on exercise capacity, quality of life (QoL), cardiac function, and hemodynamics in patients with ES. Eighteen consecutive patients with ES ...
Stack Alice - - 2013
Objective-To determine the effects of 2 weeks of intense exercise on expression of markers of pulmonary venous remodeling in the caudodorsal and cranioventral regions of the lungs of horses. Animals-6 horses. Procedures-Tissue samples of the caudodorsal and cranioventral regions of lungs were obtained before and after conditioning and 2 weeks ...
Kawauchi Tatiana Satie - - 2013
To compare the effects of two physical therapy exercise in-hospital programs in pulmonary function and functional capacity of patients in the postoperative period of heart transplantation. Twenty-two heart transplanted patients were randomized to the control group (CG, n=11) and training group (TG, n=11). The control group conducted the exercise program ...
Deer Rachel R RR Michael E. DeBakey Institute for Comparative Cardiovascular Science and Biomedical Devices, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas; - - 2013
Exercise training of coronary artery disease patients is of considerable interest, since it has been shown to improve vascular function and, thereby, enhance blood flow into compromised myocardial regions. However, the mechanisms underlying exercise-induced improvements in vascular function have not been fully elucidated. We tested the hypothesis that exercise training ...
Lonne-Rahm Sol-Britt - - 2013
Physical activity promotes health and prevents disease. When patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) undertake exercise, the itch often gets worse due to sweating, and this may reduce their engagement in physical exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the level of physical exercise in patients with AD compared ...
Tanner Colby B CB Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, - - 2013
LKB1 and its downstream targets of the AMP-activated protein kinase family are important regulators of many aspects of skeletal muscle cell function, including control of mitochondrial content and capillarity. LKB1 deficiency in skeletal and cardiac muscle (mLKB1-KO) greatly impairs exercise capacity. However, cardiac dysfunction in that genetic model prevents a ...
Reis-Neto Edgard Torres Dos - - 2013
Objective. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of supervised physical exercise on endothelial function, ergospirometric test variables and disease activity in SLE patients.Methods. We conducted a prospective study in which women with SLE who were available to perform physical exercise were allocated to the exercise group ...
Randolph Christopher - - 2013
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is transient narrowing of the airways following strenuous exercise. It is the earliest sign of asthma and the last to resolve. EIB is found in 90 % of asthmatics and reflects underlying control of asthma. This review is focused on the contemporary developments in pediatric EIB: the epidemiology, pathogenesis, ...
Eda Nobuhiko - - 2013
Yoga stretching can be done comfortably and easily by beginners and older adults to compensate for lack of exercise or poor health maintenance. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of yoga stretching on mucosal immune functions, primarily human β-defensin 2 (HBD-2) in saliva. Fifteen healthy adults ...
Pisano Viviana - - 2013
Diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by varying degrees of inflammation and fibrosis involving the space between epithelial and endothelial basement membranes.Among DPLDs of unknown aetiology one of the most commonly encountered is usual interstitial pneumonia/idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (UIP/IPF), which carries the worst prognosis. ...
Dugger Kari J - - 2013
Studies have indicated increased incidence and severity of allergic asthma due to western lifestyle and increased sedentary activity. Investigations also indicate that exercise reduces the severity of asthma; however, a mechanism of action has not been elucidated. Additional work implicates re-distribution of T helper (Th) cells in mediating alterations of ...
Kempny Aleksander - - 2013
Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) represents the extreme manifestation of pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with congenital heart disease, associated with significant exercise intolerance and mortality. Even though of six-minute-walk-test (6MWT) is routinely used in these patients, little is known about its prognostic value in comparison to functional class. We included 210 ...
Babaei P - - 2013
Aim: Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and physical inactivity contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Aerobic training has been reported to improve MetS, however less attention has been directed toward the role of training and detraining on cognitive function in MetS. Methods: Twenty one healthy middle-aged males and ...
Ma Joyce Lok Gee - - 2013
We report five patients who presented to an on-site medical team with concurrent haemoptysis and shortness of breath at a recent triathlon event. After initial management in the field, three of the five patients were transported to hospital via ambulance for further management, resulting in patients with haemoptysis and dyspnoea ...
Lee Han Suk HS Department of Physical Therapy, Eulji - - 2013
[Purpose] We evaluated the effect of self-directed exercise using a task board on function and pain in the upper extremities of stroke patients [Subjects and Methods] We used the one group pre-post test design. Seven stroke patients who were selected based on the inclusion criteria participated in the program once ...
Quindry John C JC Cardioprotection Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Auburn University, AL 36849, - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury, remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized nations. Ongoing research is aimed at uncovering therapeutic interventions against IR injury. Regular exercise participation is recognized as an important lifestyle intervention in the prevention and treatment of CVD and IR injury. ...
Park Jinkyeong - - 2013
Some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have pulmonary hypertension (PH) that adversely affects survival. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether PH-specific therapies have an effect for stable COPD. Data sources were Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Korea med and references from ...
Thirapatarapong Wilawan - - 2013
Although β blockade (BB) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) does not show signs of worsening pulmonary function or respiratory symptoms, the effects on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether BB affects exercise capacity, gas exchange, and hemodynamic responses ...
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