Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1214
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Upton Jane - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the absence of clarity in national guidelines, this study aimed to reach a consensus among experts in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) regarding when medication should be initiated or changed in patients demonstrating a gradual decline. METHODS: An electronic three-stage Delphi exercise was undertaken with 37 leading UK ...
Bakhtiari Sabah - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of selected exercises on motor development in elementary school third grade girl students in Ahwaz City, Iran. The present study was semi-experimental, performed as field and using experimental and control groups. The statistical population included all third grade girl students ...
Tsarouhas Konstantinos - - 2011
Background: Few studies have addressed the impact of moderate unsupervised everyday physical activity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Design: We investigated the effects of a 12-week walking programme as the sole exercise intervention on heart rate recovery (HRR), index of the autonomic system equilibrium, serum modulators of endothelial ...
Kettunen Jyrki A - - 2011
Objective To study the long-term outcome of arthroscopy in patients with chronic patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), the authors conducted a randomised controlled trial. The authors also investigated factors predicting the outcome in patients with PFPS. Methods Fifty-six patients with PFPS were randomised into two groups: an arthroscopy group (N=28), treated ...
Monteiro Marco André - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: A randomized controlled trial was undertaken to determine the impact of a 12-month exercise program on the temporal characteristics of the foot rollover during walking, based on plantar pressure data. METHODS:: One hundred twenty one postmenopausal women aged 41 to 77 years comprised the sample and were randomly recruited ...
Agbaje Jimoh Olubanwo - - 2011
The objective of this study was to verify how valid misclassification measurements obtained from a 'pre-survey' calibration exercise are by comparing them to validation scores obtained in 'field' conditions. Validation data were collected from the 'Smile for Life' project, an oral health intervention study in Flemish children. A calibration exercise ...
Kutsuna Toshiki - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to develop a novel questionnaire evaluating disability in the activities of daily living in the upper extremities of hemodialysis (HD) patients (QDUE-HD). We recruited 83 patients (40 males and 43 females) aged 66 ± 8 years, and measured their muscle strength and range of motion in ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2011
Aim: Few data are available regarding exercise testing in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate safety and to characterize the hemodynamic and cardiopulmonary (CPX) response to exercise in a large group of patients with AAA. Methods: Three hundred and six patients ...
Motl R W - - 2011
We examined the associations among physical activity, neurological disability, and cardiorespiratory fitness in two studies of individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Study 1 included 25 women with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) who undertook an incremental exercise test for measuring peak oxygen (VO₂(peak) ) consumption, wore an accelerometer during a 7-day period, ...
Delclaux Christophe - - 2011
To assess whether different indices of dyspnea can be obtained from cardiopulmonary exercise test and whether these indices correlate with distinct physiological parameters in COPD. Forty-two COPD patients (12 females, median [IQ] age 66 [56-70] years; FEV(1)% predicted: 51 [38-65]) underwent pulmonary function and incremental exercise tests. A power law ...
Patel Neela K - - 2011
discussing self-care activities like exercise is challenging with the many competing demands during primary care encounters. Our objective was to study the relationship between the Chronic Care Model (CCM) score in the clinic and time spent by the physicians discussing exercise during encounters with diabetic patients. consecutive patients with diabetes ...
Philp Andrew - - 2011
Glycogen was first identified in muscle over a century and a half ago. Even though we have known of its existence and its role in metabolism for a long time, recognition of its ability to directly and indirectly modulate signaling and the adaptation to exercise is far more recent. Acute ...
Marmeleira J Francisco Filipe - - 2011
The main aim of this research was to study the effects of a specific exercise program on the speed of behavior of older adults during on-the-road driving. Twenty-six drivers (55-78 yr old) were randomly assigned to either an exercise group or a control group. The exercise program (3 sessions of ...
Tranquille Carolyne A - - 2011
Objective-To determine whether histopathologic characteristics of the osteochondral units of equine distal tarsal joints were associated with exercise history in horses without lameness. Sample Population-30 cadaver tarsi from horses without lameness and with known exercise history were separated into 3 groups: nonridden, pasture exercise (group P); low-intensity, ridden exercise (group ...
Zeller Lior - - 2011
The term chronic multi-symptom illness (CMI) refers to a spectrum of pain disorders, such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome, that are characterized by unexplained chronic pain, fatigue, and cognitive and mood complaints To examine the hypothesis that exercise cessation is associated with symptoms similar to CMI in well-trained amateur ...
Duncan Michael J - - 2011
Research has suggested that caffeine enhances aerobic performance. The evidence for high-intensity, short-term exercise, particularly resistance exercise is mixed and has not fully examined the psychological changes that occur after this mode of exercise with caffeine ingestion. This study examined the effect of caffeine (5 mg · kg(-1)) vs. placebo ...
Jones Kim Dupree - - 2011
A total of 67 women with fibromyalgia were recruited to an exercise study and were randomized to moderate-to-high-intensity Nordic walking (age 48 ± 7.8 years) or to a control group engaging in supervised low-intensity walking (age 50 ± 7.6 years). A total of 58 patients completed. Significantly greater improvement in ...
Sato Shinji - - 2011
The ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI), the ratio of the systolic blood pressure of the ankle to the systolic brachial pressure, is commonly measured at rest, but ABI values post-exercise enhance the sensitivity of the test and can be used to identify atherosclerotic vascular damage. However, it has not been established ...
Liu Wen-Yu - - 2011
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurobiological disorder characterized by tics, which are repetitive, stereotypical, involuntary movements and vocalizations. Although the causes of TS are not completely understood, previous studies indicated that many children with TS not only experience comorbid conditions such as a lack of concentration, hyperactivity, impulsive behavior, and ...
Hwang Gyu-Seok - - 2010
The authors developed a stepwise exercise-incentive-based smoking cessation program as one of the workplace health promotion program. The aim of this study is to evaluate the program offered in an electronics company in Korea. A total of 109 electronics company employees were recruited. Participants were surveyed for smoking history, nicotine ...
Strassnig Martin - - 2011
Low cardiorespiratory fitness is a prominent behavioral risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality, as cardiorespiratory fitness is strongly associated with CVD outcomes. High rates of CVD have been observed in the schizophrenia population, translating into a markedly reduced life expectancy as compared to healthy controls. Surprisingly however, ...
Muller Matthew D - - 2010
Both mood and cognitive function are altered in cold environments. Body warming through exercise may improve Stroop interference score and lessen total negative mood. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of equal caloric bouts of interval (INT) and continuous (CONT) exercise on mood and selective attention ...
Nomura Takuo - - 2010
This study was to examine an effect of such an exercise program on preventing conditions requiring long-term care in the Japanese frail elderly who participated in a Tai Chi Yuttari-exercise program. The first-intervention group underwent an intervention program by participating in a Tai Chi Yuttari-exercise session once a week for ...
Souza C M - - 2010
Quantity and variety of environmental antigens, age, diet, vaccine protocols, exercising practice and mucosal cytokine microenvironment are factors that influence serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels. IgA, IgG, IgG(T) and IgM were quantified in 60 horses, which were classified into two groups, 'intensive' or 'relaxed', according to sanitary standards of the facilities ...
Sañudo B - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 6-week traditional exercise programme with supplementary whole-body vibration (WBV) in improving strength and health status in women with fibromyalgia (FM). Thirty postmenopausal women with FM (mean (SD) age: 59 (7.90) years) were randomised into one of two groups, ...
Mason Linda - - 2010
This article reports a randomised controlled trial to determine the efficacy of antenatal pelvic floor muscle exercises in the primary prevention of postpartum stress incontinence in primiparous women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises are effective in treating stress incontinence, yet prevention studies demonstrate equivocal findings. Randomised controlled trial. Pregnant women recruited ...
Price Natalia - - 2010
Urinary incontinence is a common problem among adults and conservative management is recommended as the first-line treatment. Physical therapies, particularly pelvic floor muscle exercise, are the mainstay of such conservative management. The purpose of this review is to summarise current literature and describe trends in the use of pelvic floor ...
Fong Eva - - 2010
Urinary incontinence is a major health problem that becomes more common with increasing age. A thorough history and examination can help determine the type of incontinence: stress, urge, mixed, or other. Initial treatments may include lifestyle and behavioral modifications, pelvic floor exercises, and anticholinergic medications. Urologic referral is appropriate when ...
Lima Patrícia Bueno - - 2010
There is an indirect relationship between airway obstruction in asthma and the intensity of breathlessness (dyspnea). A word labeled visual analog dyspnea scale with a 0-3 score has been widely used for the assessment of the degree of bronchoconstriction, although the perception of such obstruction varies considerably. The objective of ...
Dallas L J - - 2010
Bonefish Albula vulpes (n = 7) exercised to exhaustion and air exposed for 1 min as part of a catch-and-release angling event were found to excrete both ammonia and urea, but cortisol and lactate were below detectable levels. Urea made up a greater proportion of total nitrogen excretion from these ...
Kamioka Hiroharu - - 2011
Although the importance of stretching exercise for pain-relieving and patient education is well documented for chronic lumbago patients, it is uncertain how effective on-the-job training (OJT) is for female caregivers in nursing homes. In the present pilot trial based on multicenter randomization, we evaluated the intervention effect of a lecture ...
Romberg Kerstin - - 2011
Elite swimmers have an increased risk of developing asthma, and exposure to chloramine is believed to be an important trigger factor. The aim of the present study was to explore pathophysiological mechanisms behind induced bronchoconstriction in swimmers exposed to chloramine, before and after swim exercise provocation as well as mannitol ...
Baldasseroni Samuele - - 2010
Cognitive decline and heart failure frequently coexist in the elderly. Although an epidemiologic association may partially explain this finding, cerebral hypoperfusion and cardioembolism have been advocated as pathophysiological links. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between mild cognitive decline and exercise capacity in older outpatients ...
Celik Derya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of two different exercise programs on pain, range of motion (ROM), and functional results in frozen shoulder. METHODS: Twenty-two female and 7 male patients [mean age 52.1 years (range 38-65 years)] were randomly allocated into two groups: 14 in ...
Toda Masahiro - - 2011
To investigate the influence of individual patterns of personality and behavior on the change in mood status after a brief period of Tai Chi exercise. The mood status in 22 healthy females was evaluated before and after a period of Tai Chi exercise using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) ...
Voss S - - 2010
Exercise induced proteinuria is a common phenomenon in high performance sports. Based on the appearance of so called "effort urines" in routine doping analysis the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise induced proteinuria on IEF profiles and SDS-PAGE relative mobility values (rMVs) of endogenous human ...
Blatnik Matthew - - 2010
Eicosanoids play an important role in the evaluation of pro-inflammatory responses and in the safety and toxicity of novel therapeutic agents. This work describes a high-throughput UFLCMS/MS method for the analysis of three urinary prostanoid biomarkers of pro-inflammatory responses, tetranor PGEm, 6-keto PGF(1alpha) and 2,3-dinor-6-keto PFG(1alpha). Nine male volunteers of ...
Sandhu Jaspreet S - - 2010
The diagnosis and management of male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is complex. Various etiologies exist, with radical prostatectomy being the most common cause in men seeking treatment. SUI in this setting is often temporary and resolves within the first postoperative year. Therefore, it is important to understand the natural history ...
Kim Hunkyung - - 2011
This study assessed the effects of multidimensional exercises on functional decline, urinary incontinence, and fear of falling in community-dwelling Japanese elderly women with multiple symptoms of geriatric syndrome (MSGS). Sixty-one participants were randomly assigned either to an intervention (n=31) or to a control group (n=30). For 3-month period, the intervention ...
Harnsomboon Thitima - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Colpexin Sphere with pelvic floor exercise in women with stage I and II pelvic organ prolapse on improving pelvic floor muscle strength compared with the pelvic floor exercise only. The women were divided into two groups: one group used ...
Hung Hsiu-Chuan - - 2010
This study was a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effect of treating women with stress or mixed urinary incontinence (SUI or MUI) by diaphragmatic, deep abdominal and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) retraining. Seventy women were randomly allocated to the training (n = 35) or control group (n = 35). ...
Felicíssimo Mônica Faria - - 2010
Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is considered to be the first-line treatment for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). There are few studies that have tested the efficacy of unsupervised PFMT. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of intensive supervised PFMT to unsupervised PFMT in the treatment ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a Pilates exercise program and a pelvic floor muscle-training (PFMT) program could provide similar improvements in pelvic muscle strength. Sixty-two women with little or no pelvic floor dysfunction were randomized to Pilates or PFMT. Each group had 24 biweekly 1-h sessions ...
Gotou Tomomi - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a community-based group exercise program on physical functioning among elderly people. This prospective observational study enrolled 494 persons aged 70-84 years who volunteered for the study and completed a baseline measurement in 2006 and were re-evaluated 1 year later ...
Obuchi Shuichi - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to develop a new exercise program for the elderly with knee pain, and to evaluate the effects of the program. The participants in the present study were 37 community-dwelling elderly people (75 ± 7 years) with knee pain who were living in Tokyo. The ...
Enea C - - 2010
Metabolomics is a comprehensive method for metabolite assessment that involves measuring the overall metabolic signature of biological samples. We used this approach to investigate biochemical changes due to acute and chronic physical exercise. Twenty-two women using identical oral contraceptives were segregated into an untrained (n = 10) or trained (n ...
Heymen Steve S Department of Medicine (Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology) and Center for Functional Gastrointestinal and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7080, USA. - - 2009
This study aimed to compare manometric biofeedback with pelvic floor exercises for the treatment of fecal incontinence in a randomized controlled trial controlling for nonspecific treatment effects. After excluding patients who were adequately treated with medication, education, and behavioral strategies (21%), 108 patients (83 females; average age, 59.6 years) underwent ...
Ismail Sharif I M F - - 2009
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends antenatal pelvic floor exercises during first pregnancy to reduce postpartum stress incontinence. The aim of this audit was to assess patient awareness and compliance with this guideline. An anonymous self-constructed questionnaire was given to patients after their first delivery. A ...
Dorey Grace - - 2009
This paper explains the rationale behind the intervention used for a large multi-centred randomised controlled trial for men following transurethral resection of prostate or radical prostatectomy. It shows the content of the protocol used and explains why this particular protocol of pelvic floor muscle exercises and urge suppression techniques was ...
Lamon Séverine - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Recombinant erythropoietin has a strong impact on aerobic power and is therefore one of the most potent doping agents in endurance sports. The anti-doping control of this synthetic hormone relies on the detection, in the urine, of its isoelectric pattern, which differs from that of the corresponding natural hormone, ...
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