Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1165
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Heymen Steve S Department of Medicine (Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology) and Center for Functional Gastrointestinal and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7080, USA. - - 2009
This study aimed to compare manometric biofeedback with pelvic floor exercises for the treatment of fecal incontinence in a randomized controlled trial controlling for nonspecific treatment effects. After excluding patients who were adequately treated with medication, education, and behavioral strategies (21%), 108 patients (83 females; average age, 59.6 years) underwent ...
Ismail Sharif I M F - - 2009
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends antenatal pelvic floor exercises during first pregnancy to reduce postpartum stress incontinence. The aim of this audit was to assess patient awareness and compliance with this guideline. An anonymous self-constructed questionnaire was given to patients after their first delivery. A ...
Dorey Grace - - 2009
This paper explains the rationale behind the intervention used for a large multi-centred randomised controlled trial for men following transurethral resection of prostate or radical prostatectomy. It shows the content of the protocol used and explains why this particular protocol of pelvic floor muscle exercises and urge suppression techniques was ...
Lamon Séverine - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Recombinant erythropoietin has a strong impact on aerobic power and is therefore one of the most potent doping agents in endurance sports. The anti-doping control of this synthetic hormone relies on the detection, in the urine, of its isoelectric pattern, which differs from that of the corresponding natural hormone, ...
Mingels A - - 2009
Renal impairment is common during and after severe exercise. In clinical practice, renal function is evaluated using serum creatinine, urine parameters, and equations to estimate the Glomular Filtration Rate (GFR). However, creatinine levels may be biased by skeletal muscle damage and the GFR equations, requiring age, gender and body weight, ...
Shields William W - - 2009
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasing in prevalence and is related to underlying insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of metformin on the characteristic histopathologic lesions of NASH. This was a 12-month prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial comparing diet and exercise alone to diet, exercise and ...
Tsai Yueh-Chi - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The objective of this study is to examine if interpersonal support and digital vaginal palpation (DVP) as part of the pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) training is more effective for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) than PFME with a printed handout instruction. METHODS: 108 women who presented to the family ...
Nemoseck Tricia - - 2009
Although physical activity is known to improve bone mineralization, it is unclear whether this occurs through altered absorption and/or excretion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-impact and resistance-training exercise program versus a period of restricted physical activity on urinary calcium excretion. Ten healthy, ...
Schmidt Adriana P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new device for home treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) by comparing 3 conservative techniques and monitoring compliance and performance. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with UI were allocated to 1 of 3 intervention groups: pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME; n=11) alone; PFME combined with biofeedback (n=10); or PFME ...
Sakano Noriko - - 2009
To examine the relation between lifestyle factors and oxidative stress biomarkers, this study analysed plasma 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), urinary 8-isoprostane and 8-hydroxy-2'- deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) of 323 healthy Japanese without any disease. Plasma 3-NT was significantly increased by excessive exercise (p=0.010), but it was not significantly different in terms of sex, age ...
Enea C - - 2010
We investigated the effects of the menstrual cycle, oral contraception and physical training on exhaustive exercise-induced changes in the excretion of nandrolone metabolites [19-norandrosterone (19-NA), and 19-noretiocholanolone (19-NE)] in young women. Twenty-eight women were allocated to an untrained group (n=16) or a trained group (n=12), depending on their physical training ...
Heathcote Karen L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Vigorous exercise increases urine protein excretion. However, whether exercise increases urine albumin enough to reach the threshold for microalbuminuria (2.8 and 2.0 mg/mmol creatinine in women and men respectively) is uncertain. Furthermore, the duration of such albuminuria is unknown. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and duration of exercise ...
Liang Wen Chieh - - 2009
The study monitored physiological parameter changes after 120-min of simulated driving. Blood pressures, heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV) and palm temperatures were measured using an ANSWatch(®) monitor. Subjects were divided into two groups (A & B). Both groups performed 2-hour driving, but group B additionally took a 15-min ...
Bayle M-L - - 2009
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its metabolite androsterone (A) are natural steroids secreted in high quantities in human body. To assess the influence of oral contraceptives, menstrual cycle phase, and also physical exercise (acute and chronic such as training) on these metabolites excretions, a collection of 28 female urine specimens was organized. ...
Timon R - - 2008
AIM: A regular and intense physical exercise significantly modifies hormonal metabolism and there are many reports of a change in urine steroid levels accompanying the practice of sport. The aim of this study was to compare the urinary steroid profile between highly trained cyclists and untrained subjects. METHODS: Urine levels ...
Fink Howard A HA Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA. - - 2008
To determine the efficacy and safety of treatments for nursing home residents with urinary incontinence (UI). A systematic review was conducted of randomized controlled trials published from January 1985 through May 2008. Data sources were MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases, proceedings of the 3rd International Consultation on Incontinence, and reference ...
Lepor Herbert - - 2008
PURPOSE: We describe our new technique of transabdominal sonocystography in men following radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to January 2008, 75 men underwent gravity transabdominal sonocystography and fluorocystography 8 days following open radical retropubic prostatectomy. Bladder volume after the instillation of 150 cc saline was determined by ...
Lin Chih-Chieh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to determine whether or not there is a significant relationship between the radiologic anatomy of the lower calyx, as seen on preoperative intravenous urography (IVU), and the outcome of stone clearance after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) for lower renal calyceal stones. METHODS: Between June ...
Borello-France Diane F - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND Objectives: Few studies have examined the effectiveness of pelvic-floor muscle (PFM) exercises to reduce female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) over the long term. This study: (1) evaluated continence and quality-of-life outcomes of women 6 months following formalized therapy and (2) determined whether low- and high-frequency maintenance exercise programs ...
Gatti R - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the urine cortisol (F) and cortisone (E) relation, having a well-defined water intake. METHODS: Urine specimens were collected from 10 male trained cyclists (19+/-1 year, 70+/-4 kg, 179+/-4 cm), at rest just before the test (pre-exe) and until 45 min after ...
Lemos Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current article was to conduct a systematic review of the performance of perineal exercises during pregnancy and their utility in the prevention of urinary incontinence. METHODS: Randomized controlled studies (RCT) of a low-risk obstetric population (primiparas or nulliparas) who had done perineal exercises only during ...
Allgayer Hubert - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative DNA damage is believed to be involved in tumor formation and may be an important biomarker for malignant transition or relapse. A decrease of such damage has been observed in human and animal studies following dietary intervention and/or changes in lifestyle such as physical exercise at different levels ...
Castro Rodrigo A - - 2008
To compare the effectiveness of pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation, vaginal cones, and no active treatment in women with urodynamic stress urinary incontinence. One hundred eighteen subjects were randomly selected to receive pelvic floor exercises (n=31), ES (n=30), vaginal cones (n=27), or no treatment (untreated control) (n=30). Women were evaluated ...
Hamilton Marc T - - 2008
Moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity has an established preventive role in cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and some cancers. However, recent epidemiologic evidence suggests that sitting time has deleterious cardiovascular and metabolic effects that are independent of whether adults meet physical activity guidelines. Evidence from "inactivity physiology" laboratory studies ...
Timon Rafael - - 2008
Intense physical exercise is an important modifier of hormone metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the variations in the urine profile of glucuroconjugated steroids (androgens, estrogens, and corticosteroids) as a consequence of a session of strength exercises. The subjects were a group (N = 20) of untrained ...
Cone David C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Firefighters are taught that heat, oxygen deprivation, and carbon monoxide (CO) are the primary threats to life in residential structure fires, and they are taught to search for victims on the fire floor first, and then floors above. The objective of this study was to gather data regarding oxygen, ...
Chong Raymond - - 2008
Muscle activities at 15 sites were compared within a group of healthy young adults to evaluate their relative intensities during six abdominal exercises: partial and full sit-ups on a firm surface (floor) and on an exercise ball that was either stabilized or unstabilized. The most strenuous abdominal exercise overall (i.e., ...
Im So-Hyang - - 2008
A thunderclap headache is a sudden and severe headache and is sometimes a sign of a medical emergency such as aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and pituitary apoplexy. We report a case of pheochromocytoma in the urinary bladder in a 37-year-old man who presented with recurrent thunderclap headache after voiding and exercises. ...
Demirtürk Funda - - 2008
Urinary stress incontinence is a common, disruptive and potentially disabling condition in which the subject complains of involuntary leakage on effort or exertion or on sneezing or coughing. This study was performed in order to compare the effects of interferential current and biofeedback applications on incontinence severity in patients with ...
Okada Atsushi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the influence of long-term bed rest on renal stone formation and to analyze the mechanism of bed-rest-induced stone formation and prevention by bisphosphonate and bed-rest exercise. METHODS: Twenty-five men aged 26-48 years and divided into control (CON: n = 9), exercise (EX: n = 9), and pamidronate ...
Ramadan S G A - - 2008
1. The effect of the presence of loose feathers (on the floor) on the behaviour and plumage condition of laying hens (Lohmann Silver, LS) was studied during the rearing and laying periods. 2. From one day old, 60 birds in each of 4 straw-bedded pens (n = 240 in total) ...
Slack A - - 2008
Our objective was to assess the benefit of additional pelvic floor exercises, supervised by specialist physiotherapists, in the secondary care management of urinary stress incontinence. This is a retrospective cohort study in a UK University teaching hospital. A total of 317 women were referred from primary care to a specialist ...
Gooneratne M L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) may improve faecal incontinence by modulating rectal sensation. This study measured changes in the peripheral expression of various neural epitopes in response to SNS. METHODS: Rectal mucosal biopsies were taken from 12 patients before and after temporary SNS, and from ten responders at 90 days ...
Beccaglia M - - 2008
A 3-year-old female pug (8 kg bodyweight) was referred by a local veterinarian for evaluation of vaginal bleeding. Historically, the owner indicated chronic haematic vaginal discharge initiated approximately 3 months ago, overall good appetite and slight general dullness. Two months prior to the visit, the bitch had been spayed by ...
Gonçalves R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the clinical presentation and neurological abnormalities in dogs affected by aortic thromboembolism. METHODS: The medical records of 13 dogs diagnosed with aortic thromboembolism as the cause of the clinical signs, and where a complete neurological examination was performed, were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The onset was acute in ...
Dobbeleir Andre A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mean transit time (MTT) within a kidney is given by the integral of the renal activity on a well-corrected renogram between time zero and time t divided by the integral of the plasma activity between zero and t, providing that t is close to infinity. However, as the data ...
Gupta Narmada P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of position on voiding using uroflowmetric variables and postvoid residual urine volume assessment in healthy normal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 67 healthy females volunteered to participate in this study. Their mean age was 32 years. Each female attended the urodynamic suite on 2 separate days. ...
Zahariou Athanasios - - 2008
AIM: This study examined the effect of pelvic floor muscle exercises after 12 months of successful treatment for stress urinary incontinence based on subjective (incontinence episodes and pad test) and objective outcome variables (urethral closure pressure, UCP, functional profile length and pressure transmission ratio, PTR). METHODS: Fifty women aged 24-58 ...
Beer A-M - - 2008
The aim of the prospective two-armed open study was to examine the effect of Lycopi europaei herba on thyroid function and on associated symptoms during a 3-month follow-up phase. The study population consisted of patients with a basal TSH<1.0 mU/l and hyperthyroidism-associated symptoms. For the first time, the T3/T4 excretion ...
Deffieux Xavier - - 2008
AIMS: To assess how muscular fatigue deteriorates the modulation of pelvic contraction during increasing cough efforts. Furthermore, we investigated the correlation between the temporal course of pelvic floor activation during cough. METHODS: Informed consent was obtained from 20 women presenting with SUI and 6 continent women (overactive bladder syndrome [OAB]). ...
Reilly Margaret - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This case report describes physical therapy management of a child with daytime urinary incontinence, taking into account the patient's age as well as her emotional and cognitive development. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 8-year-old girl was referred for physical therapy with a diagnosis of pelvic floor muscle hypertonus and ...
Bellinghieri Guido - - 2008
Proteinuria and hematuria are common during exercise. Proteinuria is usually due to glomerular or tubular changes or to an excessive production of protein as in myeloma. Certain clinical conditions can, however, result in a functional or temporary proteinuria, especially during pregnancy, fever, orthostasis, or following physical activity. Sport-related proteinuria following ...
Bird N J - - 2008
The aim of the study was to determine the extent to which glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured with one filtration marker is associated with extracellular fluid volume (ECV) measured independently with another. Cr-51-EDTA and iohexol were injected simultaneously into opposite arms in 20 normal volunteers and 60 patients. Cubital samples ...
Hülsemann Frank - - 2007
Sodium bicarbonate administration to horses prior to competition in order to enhance the buffer capacity of the organism is considered as a doping offence. The analysis of the isotopic composition of urinary bicarbonate/CO(2) (TCO(2)) may help to identify an exogenous bicarbonate source, as technical sodium bicarbonate exhibits elevated delta(13)C values ...
Christofi Nicholas - - 2007
Urinary incontinence, urgency, overactive bladder symptoms, cystitis and urinary tract infections are common conditions that collectively trouble over one-third of the female population around and beyond the time of menopause, with a detrimental effect on physical, social and mental wellbeing. Apart from pharmacological and surgical treatments, a long list of ...
Kohler M - - 2008
Erythropoietin (EPO) promotes the production of red blood cells, the key factor in the regulation of the oxygen transport, and has been abused by athletes for performance enhancement in endurance sports. Current methods to detect EPO misuse are based on isoelectric focussing (IEF), double blotting, and chemiluminescence detection. A new ...
Pinggera Germar-M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a mechanism of action of alpha-blockers on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) involves improved perfusion of the LUT. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The accuracy of perfusion measurements using transrectal colour Doppler ultrasound (TRCDUS) and colour pixel density (CPD) was initially confirmed in a porcine model. Following ...
Ohno Masao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Since grape juice contains considerable amounts of fructose, which may increase the plasma concentration of urate, the combination of exercise and grape juice may increase the plasma concentration of urate to a greater degree than grape juice or exercise alone. METHODS: We performed 3 experiments with 6 healthy male ...
Howard Caitlin T - - 2007
The pathogenesis of malarial anemia is incompletely understood. Hepcidin, a recently discovered peptide hormone, is a major regulator of iron metabolism and is thought to play a central role in the anemia of chronic inflammation. The specific aim of the study was to characterize the association between urinary hepcidin, hemoglobin, ...
Lin Wei-Yu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of letrozole (a potent aromatase inhibitor that effectively inhibit the synthesis of oestrogen) on bladder contraction with changes in morphology and biochemistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen female New Zealand white rabbits were separated into four equal groups; groups 1-3 were given oral letrozole for 1, ...
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