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Adams J D JD Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, University of Arkansas, HPER 321,155 Stadium Dr., Fayetteville, AR, 72701, - - 2014
Previous studies investigating body temperature responses in obese individuals during exercise in the heat fail to control metabolic heat production or hydration status during exercise. To determine if there are differences in body temperature responses between obese and non-obese females when controlling metabolic heat production during exercise. Twenty healthy females, ...
Roberts Llion Arwyn - - 2014
We investigated the effect of cold water immersion (CWI) on the recovery of muscle function and physiological responses following high-intensity resistance exercise. Using a randomized, cross-over design, 10 physically active men performed high-intensity resistance exercise, followed by one of two recovery interventions: 10 min of cold water immersion at 10°C, ...
Nyberg Michael M Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
The present study examined whether an increased leg blood flow and oxygen (O2) delivery at onset of intense exercise would speed the rate of rise in leg oxygen uptake (VO2). Nine healthy males (25±1 years, mean±SEM : performed one-leg knee-extensor exercise (62±3 W, 86±3% of incremental test peak power) for ...
Capitanini Alessandro A Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, ASL Pistoia, - - 2014
Patients affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD) show quite lower physical activity and exercise capacity when compared to healthy individuals. In addition, a sedentary lifestyle is favoured by lack of a specific counseling on exercise implementation in the nephrology care setting. Increasing physical activity level should represent a goal for ...
Intiso Domenico D Rehabilitation Medicine and Neuro-Rehabilitation Unit, Scientific Institute, Hospital 'Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza', San Giovanni Rotondo (Foggia), - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) worldwide is rising markedly becoming a priority public health problem. The progression of CKD cause functional limitation and severe disability with poor quality of life. The aim of present review was to highlight the effect of rehabilitation in CKD and ESRD subjects. The rehabilitative process is ...
Greenwood Sharlene A SA Department of Renal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2014
This continuing education paper outlines the skills and knowledge required to plan, implement and evaluate a pragmatic approach to intra-dialytic exercise training. Aim: The aim of this continuing education article is to enable the nephrology multi-disciplinary team (MDT) to plan, implement and evaluate the provision of intra-dialytic exercise training for ...
Reboredo Maycon M MM Division of Pulmonology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil NIEPEN, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil - - 2014
End-stage renal disease is associated with several hemodynamic and peripheral muscle abnormalities that could slow the rate of change in oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2) at the onset and at the end of exercise. This study was performed to determine whether an intra-dialytic aerobic training program would speed [Formula: see ...
Muthiah Kavitha K Heart Failure and Transplant Unit, St. Vincent's Hospital and Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, Sydney, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of pre-load and heart rate to pump flow in patients implanted with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cfLVADs). Although it is known that cfLVAD pump flow increases with exercise, it is unclear if this increment is driven by increased heart ...
Raidal Sharanne L SL Schools of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2650, - - 2014
Objective-To compare the effects of 2 NSAIDs (phenylbutazone and meloxicam) on renal function in horses. Animals-9 Thoroughbred or Standardbred mares (mean ± SD age, 5.22 ± 1.09 years [range, 2 to 12 years]; mean body weight, 470 ± 25 kg [range, 442 to 510 kg]). Procedures-A randomized blinded placebo-controlled crossover ...
Pugh Christopher J A CJ 1School of Sports Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, 2Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK, 3Graduate School of Health Science, Kobe University, Japan, 4Radboud University Medical Center, - - 2014
Regular exercise induces recurrent increases in cerebrovascular perfusion. In peripheral arteries, such episodic increases in perfusion are responsible for improvement in arterial function and health. We examined the hypothesis that exercise during water immersion augments cerebral blood flow velocity compared to intensity-matched land-based exercise. Fifteen normotensive participants were recruited (26±4yrs, ...
Louvaris Zafeiris Z National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, - - 2014
In patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), one of the proposed mechanisms for improving exercise tolerance, when work of breathing is experimentally reduced, is redistribution of blood flow from the respiratory to locomotor muscles. Accordingly, we investigated whether exercise capacity is improved on the basis of blood flow redistribution ...
Gould Douglas W DW Leicester Kidney Exercise Team, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease and muscle wasting, arising from numerous factors associated with declining renal function and lifestyle factors. Exercise has the ability to impact beneficially on the comorbidities associated with CKD and is accepted as an important intervention in the treatment, prevention and ...
Rossi P P Internal Medicine Department, Public Hospitals of Marseille, - - 2014
We investigated whether muscle exercise, by inducing a subsequent local response, alters local and systemic arterial function differently. Eleven healthy volunteers (31±8 years) performed a 45-min cycling session at a heart rate corresponding to 10% above ventilatory threshold. Measurements were performed before and 45 min after exercise. Central and peripheral blood ...
Varma P P PP Deputy Chief IDS (Medical) , New Delhi , India - - 2014
Abstract The incidence of exercise-induced hematuria is reported to be between 5% and 25% and available literature suggests that it lasts for a few hours to a maximum of 3 days. We analyzed the urine sediment of healthy participants between the age of 20 and 50 years before and after ...
Loenneke Jeremy Paul JP The University of Oklahoma Department of Health and Exercise Science, Neuromuscular Research Laboratory Norman OK USA 1401 Asp Avenue, Room 104 Norman OK 73019-0615 - - 2014
Blood flow restriction (BFR) combined with low load resistance training has been shown to result in muscle hypertrophy similar to that observed with higher loads. However, not all studies have found BFR efficacious, possibly due to methodological differences. It is presently unclear whether there are differences between cuffs of similar ...
Chen Rui R Department of Respiratory diseases, SUN Yat-sen memorial hospital, SUN Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China. - - 2014
To determine the effects of endurance training on expiratory flow limitation (EFL) and dynamic hyperinflation in patients with stable COPD. This was a prospective, single-blinded, non-randomized controlled 12-week study recruiting Chinese patients with stable COPD in an endurance training group (n=15) or a control group (n=13). Before and at the ...
Ganesan Goutham G 1Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic, University of California, Irvine, CA 2Department of Pediatrics, University of California-Irvine School of Medicine, Irvine, CA 3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA 4Department of Kinesiology, California State University-Long Beach, Long Beach, - - 2014
Time-Resolved Near Infrared Spectroscopy (TR-NIRS) was used to quantify tissue oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentrations ([HbO2], [HbR]), and O2 saturation (stO2) in the oblique fibers of the vastus medialis muscle (VMO) and brain prefrontal cortex (PFC) during knee extension with and without blood flow restriction (BFR). Six young healthy males performed ...
Pechter Ulle U Departments of aInternal Medicine bPublic Health, Tartu University, Tartu, - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients not yet in dialysis can benefit from increased physical activity; however, the safety and outcomes of aquatic exercise have not been investigated in observational studies. The aim of this study was to analyze association of 10 years of regularly performed aquatic exercise with the study ...
Smith Joshua R JR Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, 1A Natatorium, Manhattan, KS, USA, - - 2014
During high intensity exercise, both respiratory muscle fatigue and cardiovascular reflexes occur; however, it is not known how inactive limb blood flow is influenced. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of moderate and high exercise intensity on respiratory muscle fatigue and inactive limb muscle and cutaneous ...
Trangmar Steven J SJ Centre for Sports Medicine and Human Performance, Brunel University, London, - - 2014
Intense exercise is associated with a reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF), but regulation of CBF during strenuous exercise in the heat with dehydration is unclear. We assessed internal-(ICA) and common-carotid artery (CCA) haemodynamics (indicative of CBF and extra-cranial blood flow), middle cerebral artery velocity (MCA Vmean), a-v differences, and ...
Beiter Thomas T Medical Clinic, Eberhard-Karls-University of Tuebingen - - 2014
Intense exercise evokes a rapid and transient increase in circulating cell-free DNA (cf-DNA), a phenomenon that is commonly observed in a variety of acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. In this study, we aimed to shed new light on the release and clearance mechanisms of cf-DNA in response to exercise. We ...
Choi Youngju Y 1Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, 2Faculty of Medicine, and 3Division of Sports Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, - - 2014
Increased central arterial stiffness is as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Evidence regarding the effects of high-intensity resistance exercise on vascular endothelial function and central arterial stiffness is conflicting. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute high-intensity eccentric exercise on vascular endothelial function ...
De Meester Pieter P Department of Cardiology, University Hospitals Leuven, , Leuven, - - 2014
In adult patients with mild-to-moderate pulmonary valve (PV) stenosis, exercise capacity and haemodynamics have not been extensively studied, although regular exercise is recommended. Therefore, we aimed to assess exercise capacity to study the increase in PV gradient during exercise and to evaluate the impact of this increased pressure load on ...
Heinonen Ilkka I Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University - - 2014
Background: The blood flow capacity in subcutaneous adipose tissue in humans remains largely unknown, and therefore the aim of this study was to determine the physiological range of blood flow in this tissue. Methods and Results: The subcutaneous adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) was measured in 9 healthy young men by positron ...
Barbosa T C TC Laboratory of Exercise Sciences, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) of one or two limbs improves performance of exercise that recruits the same limb(s). However, it is unclear whether IPC application to another limb than that in exercise is also effective and which mechanisms are involved. We investigated the effect of remote IPC (RIPC) on muscle fatigue, ...
Hickey Ben A BA University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, Wales, - - 2014
We have investigated the role of the calf muscle pump in casted patients. An audit of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in casted patients showed that the thrombosis occurred in the casted leg; this has not been previously assessed. We postulated that local factors play a major role, and we set out ...
Stapleton Jill M JM University of Ottawa, - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) is a signalling molecule which contributes to the control of many physiological pathways including the heat loss response of skin vasodilation. Recently, NO has been implicated in the control of sweating during exercise in young adults. We tested the hypothesis that aging reduces NO-dependent sweating during exercise ...
Garten Ryan S RS 1George E Whalen Veterans Affairs Medical - - 2014
Exercise-induced hyperemia is often normalized for muscle mass and this value sometimes evaluated at relative exercise intensities, to take muscle recruitment into account. Therefore, this study sought to better understand the impact of muscle mass on leg blood flow (LBF) during exercise. LBF was assessed by Doppler ultrasound in 27 ...
Bossers Sjoerd S M SS Department of Paediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Centre-Sophia Children's Hospital, , Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Exercise intolerance is common in total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) patients. It has been suggested that power loss (Ploss) inside the TCPC plays a role in reduced exercise performance. Our objective is to establish the role of Ploss inside the TCPC during increased flow, simulating exercise in a patient-specific way. Cardiac ...
Norris Henry Cameron HC 1University of - - 2014
Mean pulmonary artery pressure (PPA) during exercise is significantly higher in individuals ≥ 50 years old compared to their younger counterparts, but the reasons for this are unknown. Blood flow through intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses (IPAVA) can be detected during exercise or while breathing hypoxic gas mixtures using saline contrast echocardiography ...
Grassmann Viviane V 1Universidade Federal de São Paulo, - - 2014
Objective: Studies have suggested that even a single session of physical exercise enhances executive functions. ADHD is among the most common developmental disorders in childhood, but little is known about alternative treatments for this disorder. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to analyze articles that evaluated the ...
Ohuchi Hideo H Department of Pediatric Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1, Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Non-cardiac complications, such as hepato-renal and metabolic problems, are emerging late after the Fontan operation due to its unique hemodynamics. Consequently, associations between clinical variables and postoperative outcome may change during the prolonged postoperative course. To determine if child and adult Fontan patients differ in the impact of cardiac and ...
Roh Hyo-Lyun HL Department of Occupational Therapy, Kangwon National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects on respiratory function and oxygen saturation of intermittent life in the uplands at an altitude above sea level of approximately 850 m. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects were on 100 female student subjects attending a university located in the ...
Heo Yu-Mi YM Department of Physiology, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Scopolamine is a nonselective muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, which induces impairment of learning ability and memory function. Exercise is known to ameliorate brain disturbance induced by brain injuries. In the present study, we investigated the effect of treadmill exercise on short-term memory in relation to acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expression in the ...
Mikamo Masashi - - 2014
Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) during tidal breathing is common in patients with severe COPD, and a major determinant of dynamic hyperinflation and exercise limitation. EFL can be measured by the forced oscillation technique (FOT); however, the relevance to clinical parameters is not fully understood. We hypothesized that emphysema extent and ...
Martorelli Saulo S SS 1University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil 2California State University, Fullerton, California, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of upper-body graduated compression sleeves on neuromuscular and metabolic responses during a power training. Fifteen resistance trained men (age: 23.07 ± 3.92 years; body mass: 76.13 ± 7.62 kg; height: 177 ± 6 cm) performed two separate power training protocols, ...
Pieles Guido E GE Congenital Heart Unit, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children/Bristol Heart Institute, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol, BS2 8BJ, UK, - - 2014
Increased oxygen uptake and utilisation during exercise depend on adequate adaptations of systemic and pulmonary vasculature. Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging techniques allow for direct quantification of aortic and pulmonary blood flow using phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (PCMRA). This pilot study tested quantification of aortic and pulmonary haemodynamic adaptations ...
Derakhshan Ali A Medical School, Shiraz Nephrology-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Pediatric kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of CVD. Exercise test is a good method to evaluate exercise capacity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and risk of potential CVDs. The aim of this study was to assess the exercise capacity in this population and determine its relationship with their cardiac function using ...
Sanchis-Gomar Fabian F Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia; Fundación Investigación Hospital Clínico Universitario/INCLIVA, Valencia, - - 2014
The concentration of several biochemical and hematological biomarkers is strongly influenced by a number of preanalytical variables. Several lines of evidence attest that short, middle, and long-term exercise, as well as the relative intensity of physical effort (from mild to strenuous), may influence a broad array of laboratory variables. The ...
Voorn Eric L EL Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether the anaerobic threshold (AT) can be identified in individuals with post-polio syndrome (PPS) using submaximal incremental exercise testing, and to compare current guidelines for intensity prescription in PPS with the AT. A cohort study. Research laboratory at a university hospital. Eighty-two individuals with PPS. Not applicable. Power ...
Ozaki Hayao H Graduate School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan; Research fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan; Department of Health and Sport Science, Juntendo University, Inzai, - - 2014
Walking combined with blood flow reduction (BFR-walk) elicits muscle hypertrophy. However, the skeletal muscle intracellular signaling behind this response is currently unknown. To investigate the effects of BFR-walk on mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways in young men. Six young men performed 20 minutes ...
Toyama Kensuke K Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Faculty of Life Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan; Division of Cardiology, Health Insurance Hitoyoshi General Hospital, Kumamoto, - - 2014
Statins and exercise therapy are clinically effective in preventing cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of statins combined with exercise on the renal function of CAD patients. We performed a sub-analysis of a clinical trial that determined ...
Vieira Amilton A College of Physical Education, University of Brasília (UnB), Brasília, Federal, - - 2014
Session ratings of perceived exertion (SRPE) provide a valid and reliable indicator of resistance exercise session intensity. However, there is a lack of studies on the effects of resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) on SRPE. Thus, the aim of this study is to compare the effects of resistance ...
Ewen Sebastian S Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Kardiologie, Angiologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar, - - 2014
Renal denervation reduces office blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. This study investigated the effects of renal denervation on blood pressure, heart rate, and chronotropic index at rest, during exercise, and at recovery in 60 patients (renal denervation group=50, control group=10) with resistant hypertension using a standardized bicycle exercise ...
Valois Fabricio Martins FM Division of Respiratory Diseases, Department of Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Sao Paulo, - - 2014
It has been reported that schistosomiasis-associated PAH (Sch-PAH) has a more benign clinical course compared with idiopathic PAH (IPAH). We therefore hypothesized that Sch-PAH subjects would present with less impaired cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses to exercise than IPAH patients, even with similar resting pulmonary hemodynamic abnormalities. The aim of this ...
Keogh Justin W JW Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Robina, Queensland 4229, Australia. - - 2014
Most exercise studies for older adults have been university- or hospital-based. Little is known about the benefits and factors influencing long-term participation in community-based exercise programmes, especially in New Zealand. To quantify the objective benefits, participant perceptions and retention rates of a New Zealand community-based exercise programme for adults (60 ...
Jäger Ralf R Increnovo LLC, 2138 E Lafayette Pl, Milwaukee, WI 53202, - - 2014
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) stimulates vasodilation by binding to endothelial ATP-selective P2Y2 receptors; a phenomenon, which is posited to be accelerated during exercise. Herein, we used a rat model to examine how different dosages of acute oral ATP administration affected the femoral blood flow response prior to, during, and after ...
Ali Badreldin H BH Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Alkhod, Muscat, - - 2014
Different modes of exercise are reported to be beneficial in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Similar benefits have also been ascribed to the dietary supplement gum acacia (GA). Using several physiological, biochemical, immunological, and histopathological measurements, we assessed the effect of swimming exercise (SE) on adenine -induced CKD, and ...
Sawant Anuradha A Graduate Program in Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Physical Therapy Field, Western University ; University Hospital - - 2014
The primary purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the anabolic effect of exercise intervention in adults with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis (HD). The secondary objectives were to evaluate the influences of participant characteristics and exercise parameters on changes in muscle size. Electronic databases (Cochrane, CINAHL, EMBASE, PEDro, ...
Hall Evan T ET 1University of California, San - - 2013
The Zone model of pulmonary perfusion predicts that exercise reduces perfusion heterogeneity because increased vascular pressure redistributes flow to gravitationally nondependent lung, and causes dilation and recruitment of blood vessels. However, during exercise in animals, perfusion heterogeneity as measured by the relative dispersion (RD, SD/mean) is not significantly decreased. We ...
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