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Kurdak Hatice H Department of Family Medicine, Numune Education and Research Hospital , Adana, - - 2010
Diabetic nephropathy is a feared complication of diabetes since it can lead to end-stage renal failure and also it is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. The important clinical problems caused by diabetic nephropathy are proteinuria and decreased renal function. Exercise is a cornerstone of diabetes management, along with diet ...
Barath Stefan S Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, - - 2010
Traffic emissions including diesel engine exhaust are associated with increased respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Controlled human exposure studies have demonstrated impaired vascular function after inhalation of exhaust generated by a diesel engine under idling conditions. To assess the vascular and fibrinolytic effects of exposure to diesel exhaust generated ...
Hodgetts William - - 2009
The widespread use of portable listening devices (PLDs) has increased concern about the potential for hearing impairment caused by their use. The current study investigated the effects of external noise and exercise on the use of PLDs. The 24 participants listened to the same song on an iPod during rest-in-quiet, ...
Erupaka Kinnera - - 2010
Clinically significant myocardial abnormalities (e.g., arrhythmias, S-T elevation) occur in patients with mild-to-severe carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. We enhanced our previous whole body model [Bruce, E. N., M. C. Bruce, and K. Erupaka. Prediction of the rate of uptake of carbon monoxide from blood by extravascular tissues. Respir. Physiol. Neurobiol. ...
Truchon Ginette - - 2009
This study evaluated the impact of different work load intensities on biological indicators of styrene exposure. Four adult Caucasian men, aged 20 to 44 years, were recruited. Groups of 2-4 volunteers were exposed to 20 ppm of styrene in an exposure chamber according to scenarios involving either aerobic, muscular, or ...
Vilke Gary M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Incidents of sudden death following TASER exposure are poorly studied, and substantive links between TASER exposure and sudden death are minimal. The authors studied the effects of a single TASER exposure on markers of physiologic stress in humans. METHODS: This prospective, controlled study evaluated the effects of a TASER ...
Tarkington Brett - - 2009
Shelter-in-place strategies such as remaining indoors; breathing through a damp cloth; sealing cracks in windows and doors using towels, duct tape, or plastic sheeting; and running a shower are often recommended by emergency response officials to protect against accidental or intentional release of hazardous airborne chemicals and biologicals. Similar recommendations ...
Graff Donald W - - 2009
There is ample epidemiologic and toxicologic evidence that exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution [aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm (PM(2.5))], which derives primarily from combustion processes, can result in increased mortality and morbidity. There is less certainty as to the contribution of coarse PM (PM(2.5-10)), which ...
Forbes Paul Donald - - 2009
Topically applied formulations (e.g., emollients and moisturizers) may influence the optical physics of skin and therefore the effectiveness of UVR exposures. In this issue, Lu et al. provide evidence for another type of influence by moisturizers, one that does not require the presence of the chemical agent before or during ...
Zareba Wojciech W Department of Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2009
The mechanisms underlying the association between air pollution and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are unknown. This study aimed to determine whether controlled exposure to elemental carbon ultrafine particles (UFP) affects electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters describing heart rate variability; repolarization duration, morphology, and variability; and changes in the ST segment. Two separate ...
Ryan A - - 2009
This study examined whether two genotypes of hybrid poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus trichocarpa), previously classified as ozone tolerant and ozone sensitive, had differing physiological and biochemical responses when fumigated with 120 nL L(-1) ozone for 6 h per day for eight consecutive days. Isoprene emission rate, ozone uptake and ...
Bowes Stephen M SM - - 2008
Worker exposure to chemical agents may occur from equipment leaks in closed processes and from open system activities and maintenance (e.g., sampling, tank gauging, line breaking, equipment flushing, and drainage). To prevent worker overexposure to chemical agents, an Equipment, Exposure, Emission Review (EEER) was developed to consistently match equipment properties ...
McFadden Dennis - - 2008
Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were weak or absent in about one-third of sheep (Ovis aries) of both sexes tested for otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) even though their click-evoked OAEs (CEOAEs) seemingly were typical of other sheep of the same sex. Various pieces of evidence suggest that the absence of measurable DPOAEs ...
Inoue Ken-Ichiro - - 2008
Although it has been accepted that pulmonary exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEP), representative constituents in particulate matter of mass median aerodynamic diameter < or 2.5 microm (PM(2.5)), exacerbates murine allergic asthma, the in vivo effects of DEP on their cellular events in the context of allergen-specific Th response have ...
Ko Eunkyung - - 2009
This study was aimed at understanding the effect of smoking on pRb phosphorylation and the clinicopathological significance of phospho-pRb in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Phospho-pRb (Ser-807/811) expression was not detected in 149 (39%) of 382 patients, and the mean phospho-pRb (Ser-807/811) level was 5.7%. Squamous cell carcinoma had higher ...
Harris Catherine A - - 2009
The effect of the presence of a surfactant on the activity of a mixture of environmental estrogens was assessed. In their natural habitat, fish are subject not only to exposure to mixtures of estrogenic compounds, as has been addressed in previous publications, but also to other confounding factors (chemical, physical ...
Hirose Yoshinobu - - 2008
CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that coenzyme Q10 reduces cochlear oxidative stress induced by acoustic overstimulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of coenzyme Q10 on noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals received water-soluble coenzyme Q10 intraperitoneally 2 h before noise exposure. Seven days after ...
Hwang Hyun-Min - - 2008
This study was undertaken to establish residue-response relationship between lysosomal destabilization and body residues of multiple PAHs in eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) exposed to a mixture of PAHs for 25 days in laboratory aquariums. The contaminated oysters were then placed in clean aquariums for 20 days to allow them to ...
Pelclová Daniela - - 2008
Asbestosis and pleural plaques exhibit unpredictable but progressive development, and there are no markers routinely available to measure their prognosis. Asbestos exposure induces the generation of reactive oxygen species, and 8-isoprostane is involved in experimental asbestos-related lung toxicity. This oxidative stress marker was measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in ...
Nikpour Y - - 2008
The effect of mercury exposure to total Metallothionein (MT) response and bioaccumulation under control and acute mercury exposure were investigated in scats (Scatophagus argus). Scats were exposed to different mercury concentrations (10, 20 and 30 microg Hg L(-1)) for 24, 48 and 72 h. Total MT levels were determined by ...
Knauert Stefanie - - 2008
Mixture toxicity of three herbicides with the same mode of action was studied in a long-term outdoor mesocosm study. Photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton as the direct target site of the herbicides was chosen as physiological response parameter. The three photosystem II (PSII) inhibitors atrazine, isoproturon, and diuron were applied as ...
Bernstein D M - - 2008
In designing a study to evaluate the inhalation biopersistence of a chrysotile asbestos that was used as a component of a joint-compound, a feasibility study was initiated to evaluate the short-term biopersistence of the chrysotile alone and of the chrysotile in combination with the sanded reformulated joint-compound. Two groups of ...
de Lemos Clarice Torres - - 2008
Bom Jardim brook is a small stream that flows through an area under the influence of a Petrochemical Complex, demanding control over its quality, so a genotoxic evaluation was performed. This study was conducted in situ, based on previous analysis on the same subject. These were performed both in vitro, ...
Dorman David C - - 2008
Neurotoxicity is linked with high-dose manganese inhalation. There are few biomarkers that correlate with manganese exposure. Blood manganese concentrations depend upon the magnitude and duration of the manganese exposure and inconsistently reflect manganese exposure concentrations. The objective of this study was to search for novel biomarkers of manganese exposure in ...
Song Jiakun - - 2008
An earlier study examined the effects of exposure to seismic air guns on the hearing of three species of fish from the Mackenzie River Delta in Northern Canada [Popper et al. (2005). "Effects of exposure to seismic airgun use on hearing of three fish species," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, ...
Glindmeyer Henry W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 5-year longitudinal study examined nonmalignant respiratory effects of wood processing dust exposure. METHODS: Ten study plants, investigator selected from 447 candidate plants, included 1 sawmill-planing-plywood, 1 plywood, 1 milling, 3 cabinet and 4 furniture facilities. Personal dust samples (2363) were divided into three size fractions (extrathoracic, tracheobronchial, and ...
Brown Kathleen Ward KW Exposure, Epidemiology and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2008
Despite strong longitudinal associations between particle personal exposures and ambient concentrations, previous studies have found considerable inter-personal variability in these associations. Factors contributing to this inter-personal variability are important to identify in order to improve our ability to assess particulate exposures for individuals. This paper examines whether ambient, home outdoor ...
Cai C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exposure to allergens or air pollutants often leads to asthma exacerbations associated with aggravation of airway inflammation. Although, repeated allergen challenge often induces chronic allergic airway inflammation (CAAI) and airway remodelling, yet, the effects of brief exposure to air pollutants such as SO(2) on development of CAAI and airway ...
Buttemer William A - - 2008
We measured aerobic metabolism during cold exposure and exercise performance (run duration and oxygen consumption while running at 1 m s(-1)) in the fat-tailed dunnart Sminthopsis crassicaudata, a dasyurid marsupial, before and after ingestion of 30 mg kg(-1) of fenitrothion, an organophosphate (OP) pesticide. Running endurance of OP-exposed animals was ...
Hamdan Abdul-Latif - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) measured in a group of normal-hearing professional singers, who were frequently exposed to high-level sound during rehearsals and performances, differed from those measured in age- and gender-matched normal-hearing non-singers, who were at minimal risk of hearing ...
Schreijer Anja J M - - 2008
The mechanism of air travel-related venous thrombosis is unclear. Although immobility plays a pivotal role, other factors such as fluid loss may contribute. We investigated whether fluid loss occurred more in individuals with coagulation activation after air travel than in subjects without. As a secondary aim, we investigated whether fluid ...
Kemp David - - 2008
Otoacoustic emission (OAE) intensity is highly stable in healthy ears but can be temporarily reduced following noise exposure. This reduction in OAE intensity is well correlated with temporary noise induced hearing threshold elevation and is presumed to be due to metabolic fatigue in the outer hair cells. These cells are ...
Stabenau Erich K - - 2008
The present study exposed frogs to the PAH pyrene and measured exercise performance, muscle contractile ability, mitochondrial O(2) consumption, and membrane potential. Leopard frogs, Rana pipiens, were exposed for seven days in control or pyrene saturated water aquaria. Frogs were randomly placed into one of four groups: (i) pyrene-exposed exercised, ...
Ravindra Khaiwal - - 2008
The levels of particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined with a fast analytical approach to study their seasonal variations at Menen (Belgium) during 2003; they were found to be 5-7 times higher in January, February and December, in comparison to May, June and August. The annual average concentration of ...
Mills Michael J - - 2008
We use a chemistry-climate model and new estimates of smoke produced by fires in contemporary cities to calculate the impact on stratospheric ozone of a regional nuclear war between developing nuclear states involving 100 Hiroshima-size bombs exploded in cities in the northern subtropics. We find column ozone losses in excess ...
Cozen Wendy - - 2008
Most epidemiologic studies employ a vacuum cleaner used by a trained technician to collect household allergens. This approach is labor intensive, equipment dependent, and impractical if study subjects reside over a wide geographic area. We examined the feasibility of a self-administered dust collection method, using an electrostatic cloth sent by ...
Takemura Yoko - - 2008
To decrease the incidence of pneumoconiosis, we examined dust protective mask performance and its relation to pulmonary function as well as the effects of worker education on the proper wearing of masks. One hundred and seventy-eight workers from 15 factories subject to dust exposure participated in this study. All participants ...
Perry Tamara T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The impact of preschool environmental conditions on classroom aeroallergen concentrations is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between school environmental conditions and classroom aeroallergen concentrations in the Pulaski County Head Start (HS) Program. METHODS: Thirty-three HS centers in Pulaski County, Arkansas, underwent a detailed environmental evaluation. Classroom ...
Gong Henry H - - 2008
Adult volunteers (17 healthy, 14 asthmatic) were exposed in a controlled environmental chamber to concentrated ultrafine particles (UFP) collected in a Los Angeles suburb with substantial motor vehicle pollution. Exposures lasted 2 h with intermittent exercise. Inhaled particle counts (mean 145,000/cm(3), range 39,000-312,000) were typically 7-8 times higher than ambient ...
Nguyen Hang Thi - - 2009
Measurements of 56 volatile organic compounds (VOC) were undertaken at a monitoring site in Seoul, Korea in 2004. The VOC pollution at the site was evaluated for both functional groups and individual compounds. The highest concentrations for the functional groups were recorded by aromatic (AR: 430ppbC) followed by paraffin (PR), ...
Vijayavel K - - 2009
The presence of xenobiotic contaminants especially metals in coastal waters is a major concern as they are immunotoxic to aquatic animals even at low concentrations. In our present study, mud crab Scylla serrata was exposed to three sublethal concentrations (0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 mg/L) of nickel for 30 days under ...
Szeinuk Jaime - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders that result from damage to the lung parenchyma. While the cause of most DPLDs remains unknown, extensive epidemiological and experimental evidence has linked exposure to environmental toxins to the pathogenesis of some of those diseases. The purpose ...
Widder Pamela D - - 2008
While physiological biomarkers exist to verify exposure of amphibians in natural populations to agricultural chemicals, the ecological relevance of changes in these parameters is often difficult to determine. We compare the relationship between tadpole cholinesterase (ChE; a common enzymatic biomarker of exposure to OP pesticides) and measures of size and ...
Salam Md A - - 2008
The discharge of environmental estrogenic substances into the environment has an adverse effect on human and wildlife, especially aquatic organisms. Therefore, a simple, practical and sensitive method of detecting environmental estrogenicity is required. Previously, we established a transgenic medaka (Oryzias latipes) strain harboring choriogenin L (ChgL) tagged with green fluorescence ...
Thaller Ephraim I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to pollutants would adversely affect lung function of healthy athletes. METHODS: Pulmonary function was recorded on beach lifeguards at three different times during the day. Daily and average peak pollutant levels were calculated. Linear regression analyses were made comparing lung function changes in response to pollutant levels. A ...
Masini Cher V - - 2008
The phenomenon of spaced (longer intertrial interval) compared with massed (shorter intertrial interval) training leading to better long-term habituation and associative learning is well documented. However, the effects of intertrial intervals on response habituation to repeated stress exposures have not been previously examined. The present experiments found that massed (six ...
Yamashita Daisuke - - 2008
Oxidative stress, including reactive oxygen species and other free radicals, is thought to play an important role in neuronal cell death, including noise-induced hearing loss. 1-{3-[2-(1-Benzothiophen-5-yl)ethoxy]propyl}azetidin-3-ol maleate (T-817MA), a novel neurotrophic agent, protects against oxidative stress-induced neurotoxicity. This study examines the effects of T-817MA in noise-induced ototoxicity in the cochlea. ...
Bernard Alfred - - 2008
Biomarkers of effects are molecular tools that can serve to identify changes or effects occurring in the organism because of exposure to a given toxicant or stressor. The potential of biomarkers of effects in epidemiology resides mainly in their greater sensitivity and specificity as compared with more traditional endpoints. Noninvasiveness ...
Kawada Shigeo - - 2008
This study comprised 2 main experiments: one was to determine the oxidative DNA damage under hyperbaric hyperoxia (HBO), and the other was to evaluate the effects of pre-exposure to HBO on high-intensity exercise performance. Healthy subjects (n = 8) inspired 100% O2 in an experimental chamber at a pressure of ...
Hagberg Mats - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure in a cohort consisting of male office and manual workers. The baseline population consisted of 94 office and 147 manual workers at an engineering plant. Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) was assessed at ...
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