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Results 201 - 250 of 1349
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Wang Huei-Shyong - - 2011
We report 2 boys, 11 and 7 years old, whose Tourette's disorder improved significantly after a period of repeated, sustained practice of activities requiring reflexive responses One boy engaged in physical exercise including hand-eye co-ordination (table tennis for 6 hours every weekday) and the other learned foreign languages (5 languages ...
Hamer Mark M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2012
Exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response to exercise is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease, although the mechanisms remain unknown. The purpose was to examine the association between systemic markers of vascular inflammation and exercise blood pressure (BP) responses. Participants were 191 healthy men and women (aged 45-59 years). Blood pressure ...
Uchida Masataka - - 2011
It remains unclear whether immune response to viral infection is inhibited by severe exercise. We determined whether exhaustive exercise inhibits interferon (IFN)-β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production after injection of synthetic double-stranded (ds) RNAs, a polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid (poly I:C), as viral infection model. Male C3H/HeN mice, which were ...
Ahlgren Joslyn K - - 2012
Some of the benefits of exercise appear to be mediated through modulation of neuronal excitability in central autonomic control circuits. Previously, we identified that six weeks of voluntary wheel running had a protective effect during hemorrhage (HEM), limiting both the hypotensive phase of HEM and enhancing recovery. The present study ...
Bigley Austin B - - 2011
NK-cells and γδ T-cells are cytotoxic effectors of the immune system that are preferentially mobilized into the blood compartment in response to acute stress and exercise. While infection history is known to alter the phenotype and exercise-responsiveness of CD8+ T-cells, the influence of latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) ...
Bottaro Martim - - 2011
Graduated compression stockings have been used as a mechanical method of deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis for several years. Several studies have demonstrated an increase in mean deep venous velocity, reduced venous pooling, improved venous return, and increase blood lactate clearance in subjects who wore graduated compression stockings during exercise. A ...
Leal Anna K - - 2011
Cyclooxygenase metabolites stimulate or sensitize group III and IV muscle afferents, which comprise the sensory arm of the exercise pressor reflex. The thromboxane (TP) receptor binds several of these metabolites, whose concentrations in the muscle interstitium are increased by exercise under freely perfused conditions and even more so under ischemic ...
Stych Kate - - 2011
Adolescence provides a significant opportunity to influence attitudes toward activity. It has been proposed that affective responses are the first link in the hypothesized exercise intensity-affect-adherence chain. The aim of this study was to explore young low-active adolescents' affective responses to different exercise intensities using quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Participants ...
Garry Mary G - - 2011
Abnormal cardiovascular responses to exercise in heart failure contribute significantly to the morbidity and mortality in the patient population. These abnormal responses may be the result of peripheral impairment in the skeletal muscle and the neurons that innervate the muscle. We present the current literature on the role of muscle ...
Etheridge Timothy - - 2011
Chronic reductions in tissue O(2) tension (hypoxia) are associated with muscle atrophy and blunted hypertrophic responses to resistance exercise (RE) training. However, the effect of hypoxia on muscle protein synthesis (MPS) at rest and after RE is unknown. In a crossover study, seven healthy men (21.4 ± 0.7 yr) performed ...
Greene Nicholas R - - 2011
We compared cardiorespiratory responses to exercise on an underwater treadmill (UTM) and land treadmill (LTM) and derived an equation to estimate oxygen consumption (VO2) during UTM exercise. Fifty-five men and women completed one LTM and five UTM exercise sessions on separate days. The UTM sessions consisted of chest-deep immersion, with ...
Frisoli A - - 2011
The distinguishing features of active exoskeletons are the capability of guiding arm movement at the level of the full kinematic chain of the human arm, and training full 3D spatial movements. We have specifically developed a PD sliding mode control for upper limb rehabilitation with gain scheduling for providing "assistance ...
Burniston Jatin G - - 2011
Regular exercise is effective in the prevention of chronic diseases and confers a lower risk of death in individuals displaying risk factors such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. Thus, knowledge of the molecular responses to exercise provides a valuable contrast for interpreting investigations of disease and can highlight novel therapeutic targets. ...
Kuennen Matthew - - 2011
Thermotolerance and heat acclimation are key adaptation processes that have been hitherto viewed as separate phenomena. Here, we provide evidence that these processes may share a common basis, as both may potentially be governed by the heat shock response. We evaluated the effects of a heat shock response-inhibitor (quercetin; 2,000 ...
King N A - - 2011
Does exercise promote weight loss? One of the key problems with studies assessing the efficacy of exercise as a method of weight management and obesityis that mean data are presented and the individual variability in response is overlooked. Recent data have highlighted the need to demonstrate and characterise the individual ...
Moreira Alexandre - - 2011
Moreira, A, Arsati, F, de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, YB, de Freitas, CG, and de Araújo, VC. Salivary immunoglobulin a responses in professional top-level futsal players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2011-The purpose of this study was to investigate the responses of salivary immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in 10 professional top-level Brazilian ...
Zannini Lucia - - 2011
zannini l., cattaneo c., brugnolli a. & saiani l. (2011) How do healthcare professionals perceive themselves after a mentoring programme? A qualitative study based on the reflective exercise of 'writing a letter to yourself'. Journal of Advanced Nursing. ABSTRACT: Aims.  This article is a report of a study of participants' responses ...
Camillo Carlos Augusto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Current literature lacks solid evidence on the improvement of heart rate variability (HRV) after exercise training in patients with COPD. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate changes in HRV after two exercise training programs in patients with COPD and to investigate the determinants of these eventual changes. METHODS: Forty patients ...
Gosselink R - - 2011
A meta-analysis including 32 randomised controlled trials on the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients was performed. Overall and subgroup analyses with respect to training modality (strength or endurance training, added to general exercise training) and patient characteristics were performed. Significant improvements were ...
Urschel K L - - 2010
Providing protein or amino acid mixtures in combination with glucose to post exercise in man has resulted in increases in the post feeding insulin response and in muscle glycogen and protein synthesis rates. However, whether protein and/or amino acids can modify the post exercise insulin responses in horses remains to ...
Braniš Martin - - 2011
It has been noticed many times that schools are buildings with high levels of particulate matter concentrations. Several authors documented that concentrations of particulate matter in indoor school microenvironments exceed limits recommended by WHO namely when school buildings are situated near major roads with high traffic densities. In addition, exercise ...
Pryor Janelle S - - 2010
We sought to determine whether VEGF and other angiogenic growth factors and their receptors might be subject to negative feedback regulation during two weeks of treadmill-exercise conditioning in inbred strains of mice. C57BL/6 mice exhibited greater VEGF mRNA and protein responses in gastrocnemius muscle to a single bout of treadmill ...
Dawes Donald M - - 2010
Electronic control devices (ECD) have become popular in law enforcement because they have filled a gap left by other law enforcement devices, tactics, or tools and have been shown to reduce officer and suspect injuries. Civilians are using the same technology for defensive purposes. TASER C2 is the latest generation ...
Benignus Vernon A - - 2010
At some level, carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) due to inhalation of carbon monoxide (CO) reduces maximum exercise duration in both normal and ischemic heart patients. At high COHb levels in normal subjects, brain function is also affected and behavioral performance is impaired.These are findings from published experiments that are, due to ethical ...
Clearie K L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elite swimmers have high rates of rhinoconjunctivitis and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Moreover, exposure to chlorine and chlorine metabolites is known to induce bronchial hyper-reactivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the early and late effects of chlorine and exercise on the unified airway of elite swimmers, and to compare the response to mannitol ...
Chatterjee Pinaki - - 2010
Validity of the 20-meter multi stage shuttle run test (20-m MST) has not been studied in Nepalese population. The purpose of this study was to validate the applicability of the 20-m MST in Nepalese adult females. Forty female college students (age range, 20.42 ~24.75 years) from different colleges of Nepal ...
Jacobs Lotte - - 2010
Numerous epidemiological studies have demonstrated adverse health effects of a sedentary life style, on the one hand, and of acute and chronic exposure to traffic-related air pollution, on the other. Because physical exercise augments the amount of inhaled pollutants, it is not clear whether cycling to work in a polluted ...
Kurdak Hatice H Department of Family Medicine, Numune Education and Research Hospital , Adana, - - 2010
Diabetic nephropathy is a feared complication of diabetes since it can lead to end-stage renal failure and also it is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. The important clinical problems caused by diabetic nephropathy are proteinuria and decreased renal function. Exercise is a cornerstone of diabetes management, along with diet ...
Barath Stefan S Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, - - 2010
Traffic emissions including diesel engine exhaust are associated with increased respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Controlled human exposure studies have demonstrated impaired vascular function after inhalation of exhaust generated by a diesel engine under idling conditions. To assess the vascular and fibrinolytic effects of exposure to diesel exhaust generated ...
Hodgetts William - - 2009
The widespread use of portable listening devices (PLDs) has increased concern about the potential for hearing impairment caused by their use. The current study investigated the effects of external noise and exercise on the use of PLDs. The 24 participants listened to the same song on an iPod during rest-in-quiet, ...
Erupaka Kinnera - - 2010
Clinically significant myocardial abnormalities (e.g., arrhythmias, S-T elevation) occur in patients with mild-to-severe carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. We enhanced our previous whole body model [Bruce, E. N., M. C. Bruce, and K. Erupaka. Prediction of the rate of uptake of carbon monoxide from blood by extravascular tissues. Respir. Physiol. Neurobiol. ...
Truchon Ginette - - 2009
This study evaluated the impact of different work load intensities on biological indicators of styrene exposure. Four adult Caucasian men, aged 20 to 44 years, were recruited. Groups of 2-4 volunteers were exposed to 20 ppm of styrene in an exposure chamber according to scenarios involving either aerobic, muscular, or ...
Vilke Gary M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Incidents of sudden death following TASER exposure are poorly studied, and substantive links between TASER exposure and sudden death are minimal. The authors studied the effects of a single TASER exposure on markers of physiologic stress in humans. METHODS: This prospective, controlled study evaluated the effects of a TASER ...
Tarkington Brett - - 2009
Shelter-in-place strategies such as remaining indoors; breathing through a damp cloth; sealing cracks in windows and doors using towels, duct tape, or plastic sheeting; and running a shower are often recommended by emergency response officials to protect against accidental or intentional release of hazardous airborne chemicals and biologicals. Similar recommendations ...
Graff Donald W - - 2009
There is ample epidemiologic and toxicologic evidence that exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution [aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm (PM(2.5))], which derives primarily from combustion processes, can result in increased mortality and morbidity. There is less certainty as to the contribution of coarse PM (PM(2.5-10)), which ...
Zareba Wojciech - - 2009
The mechanisms underlying the association between air pollution and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are unknown. This study aimed to determine whether controlled exposure to elemental carbon ultrafine particles (UFP) affects electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters describing heart rate variability; repolarization duration, morphology, and variability; and changes in the ST segment. Two separate ...
Forbes Paul Donald - - 2009
Topically applied formulations (e.g., emollients and moisturizers) may influence the optical physics of skin and therefore the effectiveness of UVR exposures. In this issue, Lu et al. provide evidence for another type of influence by moisturizers, one that does not require the presence of the chemical agent before or during ...
Ryan A - - 2009
This study examined whether two genotypes of hybrid poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus trichocarpa), previously classified as ozone tolerant and ozone sensitive, had differing physiological and biochemical responses when fumigated with 120 nL L(-1) ozone for 6 h per day for eight consecutive days. Isoprene emission rate, ozone uptake and ...
Bowes Stephen M SM - - 2008
Worker exposure to chemical agents may occur from equipment leaks in closed processes and from open system activities and maintenance (e.g., sampling, tank gauging, line breaking, equipment flushing, and drainage). To prevent worker overexposure to chemical agents, an Equipment, Exposure, Emission Review (EEER) was developed to consistently match equipment properties ...
McFadden Dennis - - 2008
Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were weak or absent in about one-third of sheep (Ovis aries) of both sexes tested for otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) even though their click-evoked OAEs (CEOAEs) seemingly were typical of other sheep of the same sex. Various pieces of evidence suggest that the absence of measurable DPOAEs ...
Inoue Ken-Ichiro - - 2008
Although it has been accepted that pulmonary exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEP), representative constituents in particulate matter of mass median aerodynamic diameter < or 2.5 microm (PM(2.5)), exacerbates murine allergic asthma, the in vivo effects of DEP on their cellular events in the context of allergen-specific Th response have ...
Ko Eunkyung - - 2009
This study was aimed at understanding the effect of smoking on pRb phosphorylation and the clinicopathological significance of phospho-pRb in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Phospho-pRb (Ser-807/811) expression was not detected in 149 (39%) of 382 patients, and the mean phospho-pRb (Ser-807/811) level was 5.7%. Squamous cell carcinoma had higher ...
Harris Catherine A - - 2009
The effect of the presence of a surfactant on the activity of a mixture of environmental estrogens was assessed. In their natural habitat, fish are subject not only to exposure to mixtures of estrogenic compounds, as has been addressed in previous publications, but also to other confounding factors (chemical, physical ...
Hirose Yoshinobu - - 2008
CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that coenzyme Q10 reduces cochlear oxidative stress induced by acoustic overstimulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of coenzyme Q10 on noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals received water-soluble coenzyme Q10 intraperitoneally 2 h before noise exposure. Seven days after ...
Hwang Hyun-Min - - 2008
This study was undertaken to establish residue-response relationship between lysosomal destabilization and body residues of multiple PAHs in eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) exposed to a mixture of PAHs for 25 days in laboratory aquariums. The contaminated oysters were then placed in clean aquariums for 20 days to allow them to ...
Pelclová Daniela - - 2008
Asbestosis and pleural plaques exhibit unpredictable but progressive development, and there are no markers routinely available to measure their prognosis. Asbestos exposure induces the generation of reactive oxygen species, and 8-isoprostane is involved in experimental asbestos-related lung toxicity. This oxidative stress marker was measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in ...
Nikpour Y - - 2008
The effect of mercury exposure to total Metallothionein (MT) response and bioaccumulation under control and acute mercury exposure were investigated in scats (Scatophagus argus). Scats were exposed to different mercury concentrations (10, 20 and 30 microg Hg L(-1)) for 24, 48 and 72 h. Total MT levels were determined by ...
Knauert Stefanie - - 2008
Mixture toxicity of three herbicides with the same mode of action was studied in a long-term outdoor mesocosm study. Photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton as the direct target site of the herbicides was chosen as physiological response parameter. The three photosystem II (PSII) inhibitors atrazine, isoproturon, and diuron were applied as ...
Bernstein D M - - 2008
In designing a study to evaluate the inhalation biopersistence of a chrysotile asbestos that was used as a component of a joint-compound, a feasibility study was initiated to evaluate the short-term biopersistence of the chrysotile alone and of the chrysotile in combination with the sanded reformulated joint-compound. Two groups of ...
de Lemos Clarice Torres - - 2008
Bom Jardim brook is a small stream that flows through an area under the influence of a Petrochemical Complex, demanding control over its quality, so a genotoxic evaluation was performed. This study was conducted in situ, based on previous analysis on the same subject. These were performed both in vitro, ...
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