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Collins Eileen G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a 24-week walking with poles rehabilitation program with a traditional 24-week walking program on physical function in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Patients with PAD (n = 103, age = 69.7 ± 8.9 years, ankle-brachial index < 0.90 ...
Malagò R - - 2012
PURPOSE: The authors sought to evaluate the incremental value of introducing coronary angiography with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT-CA) compared with the conventional diagnostic workup in managing patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) workup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 531 consecutive patients underwent MDCT-CA between April 2008 and August ...
McNarry Melitta A - - 2012
The use of heart rate variability (HRV) parameters during exercise is not supported by appropriate reliability studies. In 80 healthy adults, ECG was recorded during three 6 min bouts of exercise, separated by 6 min of unloaded cycling. Two bouts were at a moderate intensity while the final bout was at a ...
Verberne Hein J - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of renal function in relation to amino-terminal portion of the pro-hormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and parameters of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in predicting mortality and morbidity in patients with moderate chronic heart failure (CHF). Sixty-one CHF patients were included ...
Hall Katherine S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the psychometric properties and validity of the Multidimensional Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale (MOEES) in a sample of older adults with physical and functional comorbidities. METHODS: Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the hypothesized 3-factor model in 108 older adults (M age = 85 ...
Cox Narelle S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Provision of healthcare from a remote site may assist patients to access important services. We aimed to establish the feasibility of monitoring an assessment of exercise capacity using telehealth technology. METHODS: Adults with CF completed two 3-minute step tests, monitored in-person or remotely via videoconferencing, in randomized order. Measurements ...
Hulzebos H J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is no single optimal exercise testing protocol for children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) that differs widely in age and disease status. The aim of this study was to develop a CF-specific, individualized approach to determine workload increments for a cycle ergometry testing protocol. METHODS: A total ...
Finnegan Kyle T - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the construct validity of the da Vinci Skills Simulator (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). Ideally, a well-designed simulator should demonstrate construct validity, which is defined in this study as the correlation between robotic surgical experience and performance on the simulator. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine surgeons (18 [46%] group ...
Fregonezi Guilherme - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Maximal oxygen uptake (Vo2max) obtained from incremental exercise testing is a useful indicator of limited exercise capacity. Several prediction equations have been developed to estimate Vo2max in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but agreement studies between estimated and measured Vo2max are lacking. This study aims to assess ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in cardiac autonomic modulation during maximal static (SA) and dynamic (DA) underwater apneas. Arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), heart rate (HR) and HR variability (SD1 from Poincaré plot and short-term fractal-like scaling exponent, α(1)) were analyzed at the immersed baseline (3min) ...
Coleman Karen J - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the face and discriminant validity of an exercise vital sign (EVS) for use in an outpatient electronic medical record. METHODS: Eligible patients were 1,793,385 adults 18 years and older who were members of a large health care system in southern California. To determine face validity, median total ...
Wade Thomas J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education common program requirements mandate a competency-based assignment of duties. To accomplish this, valid and reliable assessment tools must be developed to evaluate competence. This study evaluated a rating tool to assess competence in basic surgical suturing skills. METHODS: A technical skills exercise ...
Cook Dane B - - 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM) are chronic multisymptom illnesses with substantial clinical and diagnostic overlap. We have previously shown that, when controlling for aerobic fitness and accounting for comorbid FM, CFS patients do not exhibit abnormal cardiorespiratory responses during maximal aerobic exercise compared with healthy controls, despite differences ...
Paulson Thomas A W - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the use of subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) as a tool to self-regulate the intensity of wheelchair propulsive exercise in individuals with tetraplegia. Eight motor complete tetraplegic (C5/6 and below; ASIA Impairment Scale = A) participants completed a submaximal incremental exercise test followed ...
Scherr Johannes - - 2012
Borg's rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is a widely used psycho-physical tool to assess subjective perception of effort during exercise. We evaluated the association between Borg's RPE and physiological exercise parameters in a very large population. In this cohort study, 2,560 Caucasian men and women [median age 28 (IQR 17-44) ...
Faulkner James A - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The current study investigated the effects of wearing a variety of lower limb compression garments on 400m sprint performance. Eleven male 400m runners (23.7 ± 5.7 y, 1.78 ± 0.08 m, 75.3 ± 10.0 kg) completed six, 400m running tests on an outdoor, all-weather running track on separate occasions. ...
Demir-Göçmen D - - 2012
The objective of this study is to investigate whether the supervised exercise program including balance exercises was superior to home exercise programs in improving clinical parameters and balance status in patients with FM. Fifty women who were diagnosed with primary FM were assigned into supervised exercise group (Group 1) and ...
Benefer Martin D - - 2012
PURPOSE: The impact of diet on endurance performance and cognitive function has been extensively researched in controlled settings, but there are limited observational data in field situations. This study examines relationships between nutrient intake and cognitive function following endurance exercise amongst a group of 33 recreational runners and walkers. METHODS: ...
Leprêtre P M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare respiratory measures taken simultaneously using the Cosmed K4b2 and Cortex Metamax II portable metabolic systems. 10 trained male cyclists performed a graded exercise cycle test to exhaustion (40w.3 min - 1) under standardized conditions. The measured respiratory variables were significantly correlated between ...
Ng Siu-Man - - 2012
To summarize and evaluate the available evidence from controlled clinical trials of tai chi (TC) exercise for patients with heart disease. Fourteen databases were searched up to November 2010 with the terms tai chi, taichi, tai ji, taiji, taijichuan, cardiac, heart, coronary, myocardial, and atrial fibrillation in the title, abstract, ...
Blaney Cerissa L - - 2012
African-Americans have high rates of physical inactivity-related morbidity and mortality, thus effective interventions to increase exercise are necessary. Tailored interventions show promise, but measures need validation in this population. This study validated transtheoretical model measures for exercise in an African-American sample. Cross-sectional measure development. Telephone survey of individuals in North ...
Kelly Douglas C - - 2012
To report on assessments of face, content, and construct validity for the commercially available da Vinci Skills Simulator (dVSS). A total of 38 subjects participated in this prospective study. Participants were classified as novice (0 robotic cases performed), intermediate (1-74 robotic cases), or expert (≥ 75 robotic cases). Each subject ...
Huggins Robert R Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, Storrs, CT 06269-1110, - - 2012
To compare mean differences in core body temperature (T(core)) as assessed via rectal thermometry (T(re)) and aural thermometry (T(au)) in hyperthermic exercising individuals. PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library in English from the earliest entry points to August 2009 using the search terms aural, core body temperature, core ...
Novoa Nuria María - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the degree of compliance with the recommendations of the clinical practice guidelines published in 2009 by the ERS and the ESTS regarding the preoperative assessment of risk of lung resection in daily clinical practice at a tertiary hospital. METHOD: A prospective, observational study of real-time data collected ...
Brans Richard - - 2012
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is a rare IgE-mediated food allergy. Component-resolved measurement of specific IgE (sIgE) against ω-5-gliadin by fluorescence enzyme immunoassay (FEIA) has been postulated as a good predictive decision criterion in the diagnosis of WDEIA. More recently, microarray technology has been introduced into component-resolved diagnostics. The aim of ...
Perrenot Cyril - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Exponential development of minimally invasive techniques, such as robotic-assisted devices, raises the question of how to assess robotic surgery skills. Early development of virtual simulators has provided efficient tools for laparoscopic skills certification based on objective scoring, high availability, and lower cost. However, similar evaluation is lacking for robotic ...
Osadnik Christian R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To identify airway clearance techniques (ACTs) used to treat patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and identify factors underpinning their utilisation, including therapists' knowledge of the literature. DESIGN: Cross-sectional postal survey using Likert scales and multiple-choice responses. SETTING: 112 'large' or 'principal referral' Australian public ...
André Nathalie - - 2012
Exercise adherence involves a number of sociocognitive factors that influence the adoption and maintenance of regular physical activity. Among trait-like factors, self-motivation is believed to be a unique predictor of persistence during behavior change. The aim of this study was to validate the factor structure of a French version of ...
Steffen Teresa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: This study considered whether a therapy community could create an infrastructure for developing and maintaining a service delivery model grounded in a clinic-based physiotherapy model. A longitudinal clinical study was conducted to assess the abilities of participants with Parkinson disease in a 10-month community exercise program. METHODS:: Fifteen individuals ...
Lewis M J - - 2012
The scaling (fractal) characteristics of electrocardiograms (ECG) provide information complementary to traditional linear measurements (heart rate, repolarisation rate etc.) allowing them to discriminate signal changes induced pathologically or pharmacologically. Under such interventions scaling behaviour is described by multiple local scaling exponents and the signal is termed multifractal. Exercise testing is ...
Scott Tannath J - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of the CR10 and CR100 rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scales for team sport athletes that undertake high intensity, intermittent exercise. Twenty one male Australian football (AF) players (age: 19.0 ± 1.8 years, body ...
de Waard Anton H AH College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. - - 2012
To validate the use of the Phadiatop test as a predictor of allergy-associated respiratory tract symptoms (RTS) in trail runners. The incidence of self-reported RTS was documented in 16 runners for 31 days and related to the Phadiatop status and circulating markers of allergic responses (changes in concentrations of serum ...
Maltais Désirée B - - 2012
This study evaluated the feasibility of measuring steady-state oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) during the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in adults with cerebral palsy (CP) who walk without support and whether there is construct validity for net 6MWT V[Combining Dot Above]O2 as a measure of their walking ability. Cardiorespiratory variables ...
Ng Shamay S - - 2012
Ng SS, Hui-Chan CW. Contribution of ankle dorsiflexor strength to walking endurance in people with spastic hemiplegia after stroke. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the relationships of ankle dorsiflexor strength, ankle plantarflexor strength, and spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors with walking endurance; (2) to determine whether affected ankle dorsiflexor strength makes ...
Vidal D - - 2012
Several experimental studies of pulmonary emphysema using animal models have been described in the literature. However, only a few of these studies have focused on the assessment of ergometric function as a non-invasive technique to validate the methodology used for induction of experimental emphysema. Additionally, functional assessments of emphysema are ...
Instebø Arne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure measurements during exercise are difficult to obtain but are used widely in clinical practice. The objective of this study was to investigate the repeatability of blood pressure measurements and gas exchange parameters during treadmill exercise. METHODS: Participants were 10 healthy and nonsmoking men (age: 26.1±3.6 years). Each ...
Moutão João Miguel Raimundo Peres - - 2012
In line with self-determination theory (SDT: Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2002) the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness has been identified as an important predictor of behavior and optimal functioning in various contexts including exercise. The lack of a valid and reliable instrument to assess ...
Danielsen M - - 2012
In order to get more detailed information about exercise regimes and disturbances among patients with eating disorders, a new self report questionnaire was developed. The Exercise and Eating Disorders (EED) was developed to capture aspects not included in existing questionnaires. The aim of this study was to test the internal ...
Dupuy Olivier - - 2012
Postexercise HRR (heart rate recovery) and HRV (heart rate variability) are commonly used to asses non-invasive cardiac autonomic regulation and more particularly reactivation parasympathetic function. Unfortunately, the reliability of postexercise HRR and HRV remains poorly quantified and is still lacking. The aim of this study was to examine absolute and ...
Dulan Genevieve - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We previously developed nine inanimate training exercises as part of a comprehensive, proficiency-based robotic training curriculum that addressed 23 unique skills identified via task deconstruction of robotic operations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate construct validity, workload, and expert levels for the nine exercises. METHODS: Expert robotic ...
Vervloesem Nele - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Organized exercise programs for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are useful to enhance physical activity and fitness. However, participation and adherence rates of these programs are low. This study aimed to identify demographic, personal and disease-related factors interfering with implementing an exercise program for RA. METHODS: A random sample ...
Ravani Pietro - - 2012
Background and objectivesExercise capacity is impaired at a younger age in CKD patients than in the general population. This study examined the reliability of the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) questionnaire as a measure of exercise capacity in medically stable adults with stage 3-4 CKD (estimated GFR [eGFR], 15-59 ml/min ...
Astorino Todd A - - 2012
Caffeine has been reported to alter perceptions of exertion, muscle pain, and mood, yet the majority of existing data were obtained in resting volunteers or during steady-state exercise. The primary aim of this study was to examine the effects of caffeine on rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and perceptions of ...
Lau Ricky W K - - 2012
PURPOSE: Whole-body vibration therapy has gained increasing popularity to enhance neuromotor function in various patient populations. It remains uncertain, however, whether whole-body vibration is beneficial when used in stroke patients. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of whole-body vibration in optimizing neuromotor performance and ...
Dulan Genevieve - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The authors previously developed a comprehensive, proficiency-based robotic training curriculum that aimed to address 23 unique skills identified via task deconstruction of robotic operations. The purpose of this study was to determine the content and face validity of this curriculum. METHODS: Expert robotic surgeons (n = 12) rated each ...
Row Brandi S - - 2012
Row, BS, Knutzen, KM, and Skogsberg, NJ. Regulating explosive resistance training intensity using the rating of perceived exertion. J Strength Cond Res 26(3): 664-671, 2012-Explosive resistance training (ERT) improves older adults' strength and power, and methods to make this form of training more accessible and useful to older adults are ...
Johnston Richard J - - 2012
Johnston, RJ, Watsford, ML, Pine, MJ, Spurrs, RW, Murphy, AJ, and Pruyn, EC. The validity and reliability of 5-Hz global positioning system units to measure team sport movement demands. J Strength Cond Res 26(3): 758-765, 2012-The purpose of this research was to investigate the validity and the reliability of 5-Hz ...
Mouadil Amèle - - 2012
Maximal exercise test with gas exchange measurement evaluates exercise capacities with maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2) max) measurement. Measurements of lactate (L), lactate/pyruvate ratio (L/P) and ammonium (A) during rest, exercise and recovery enhance interpretative power of maximal exercise by incorporating muscular metabolism exploration. Maximal exercise test with gas exchange measurement ...
Zanettini Renzo - - 2012
Background: For exercise prescription, rating of perceived exertion is the subjective tool most frequently used in addition to methods based on percentage of peak exercise variables. The aim of this study was the validation of a subjective method widely called the Talk Test (TT) for optimization of training intensity in ...
Bongers Bart C - - 2012
The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) has been proposed as an 'effort-independent' measure of cardiopulmonary exercise capacity, which could be used as an alternative measurement for peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in populations unable or unwilling to perform maximal exercise. The aim of the current study was to investigate the validity ...
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