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Motl Robert W RW University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, - - 2014
Supervised exercise training has substantial benefits for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet 80% of those with MS do not meet recommended levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This same problem persisted for decades in the general population of adults and prompted a paradigm shift away from "exercise training for ...
López Natalia M NM From the Gabinete de Tecnología Médica, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, - - 2014
A 12-yr-old child, with a history of gestational Erb-Duchenne palsy and, later, musculoskeletal injuries in the left arm caused by a car accident, inspired the design of a customized exoskeleton-like device. Such piece, intended for rehabilitation, has one degree of freedom because the exercise routine involves elbow flexion-extension, which was ...
Soan Esme J EJ Mater Mothers' Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia ; Mater Research Institute - University of Queensland, South Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, - - 2014
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, are a growing public health challenge in Australia, accounting for a significant and increasing cost to the health care system. Management of these chronic conditions is aided by interprofessional practice, but models of care require updating to incorporate the ...
Lee Jeong-Beom JB Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Chungcheongnamdo, Republic of - - 2014
Relatively few studies have investigated peripheral sweating mechanisms of long-distance runners. The aim of this study was to compare peripheral sweating mechanisms in male long-distance runners, and sedentary counterparts. Thirty six subjects, including 20 sedentary controls and 16 long-distance runners (with 7-12 years of athletic training, average 9.2±2.1 years) were ...
Yeh Shu-Hui SH Department of Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, - - 2013
Moderate physical activity has been shown to promote immunity. Different moderate physical activities may have different effects on immunity. This study investigated the impacts of a 12-week regular music aerobic exercise (MAE) program on leukocyte distribution, lymphocyte subsets, and lymphocyte polarization. The study used a case-control design with pre-test and ...
Cox Narelle S NS School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Level 4 The Alfred Centre 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2013
In individuals with cystic fibrosis there are no established targets for participation in physical activity, nor have any ideal strategies to promote participation in physical activity been identified OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of treatment to increase participation in physical activity in people with cystic fibrosis. We searched the Cochrane ...
O'Riordan Cliona C Department of Clincial Therapies, University of Limerick. Electronic address: - - 2013
To identify the most effective components in an active exercise physiotherapy treatment intervention for chronic neck pain based on the FITT exercise method (FITT-Frequency, Intensity, Timing and Type) of tailoring physical activity recommendations to the individual needs and goals of patients (Oberg 2007)). Databases including AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Biomedical ...
Crookham Jason - - 2013
Exercise is a fundamental component of good health. The American College of Sports Medicine and "Exercise is Medicine" recommend treating exercise as a vital sign, and assessing and prescribing physical activity at every medical visit. Meeting the recommended goals of physical activity results in a significant reduction in all-cause mortality. ...
Gabel C P CP Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine and compare the level of quadriceps activation for knee injured participants during kinetic open-chain, closed-chain and composite-chain (Slackline) clinical exercises. Quadriceps activation is a critical component of lower limb movement and subsequently, rehabilitation. However, selective activation can be difficult due to pain, loss of function and impaired neuro-motor ...
Fastenau Annemieke - - 2013
In patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) the six-minute walk distance reflects the functional exercise level for daily physical activity. It is unknown if this also applies to patients with mild to moderate COPD in primary care. To assess the relationship between functional exercise capacity and ...
Bayod S - - 2013
An active lifestyle involving regular exercise reduces the deleterious effects of the aging process. At the cerebral level, both synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis are modulated by exercise, although the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not clearly understood. In the mature nervous system, the canonical Wnt (Wnt/β-catenin) signaling pathway is ...
Petrofsky Jerrold - - 2013
Heat is commonly used in physical therapy following exercise induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Most heat modalities used in a clinical setting for DOMS are only applied for 5 to 20 minutes. This minimal heat exposure causes little, if any, change in deep tissue temperature. For this reason, long ...
Faria Carlos - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This paper presents the Rehab@home system, a tool specifically developed for helping neurological patients performing rehabilitation exercises at home, without the presence of a physiotherapist. It is centred on the rehabilitation of balance and on the sit-to-stand (STS) movement. Method: Rehab@home is composed of two Wii balance boards, ...
Graves Janessa M - - 2013
The goal of this study was to generate national estimates of injuries associated with mechanical home exercise equipment, and to describe these injuries across all ages. Emergency department (ED)-treated injuries associated with mechanical home exercise equipment were identified from 2007 to 2011 from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Text ...
Horne Jim - - 2013
Although exercise clearly offsets aging effects on the body, its benefits for the aging brain are likely to depend on the extent that physical activity (especially locomotion) facilitates multisensory encounters, curiosity, and interactions with novel environments; this is especially true for exploratory activity, which occupies much of wakefulness for most ...
Hill Kylie - - 2013
Comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation is an important component in the clinical management of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although supervised exercise training is considered the cornerstone of effective pulmonary rehabilitation, there are many other components that should be considered to manage the impairments and symptom burden, as well as ...
Cristi-Montero Carlos - - 2013
Introduction: Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) has been shown to be an extremely useful tool for increasing muscle mass, bone tissue, muscle power, flexibility, and strength, among others. However, to date, there are few studies on the effects of WBVT on energy metabolism and whether this tool could be able to ...
Stearns Rebecca L - - 2013
The purpose was to: 1) correlate and compare the long Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire (56-ESQ) with markers of heat acclimation; 2) compare the 56-ESQ with a modified version of the ESQ (14-ESQ) over a 10-d exercise heat acclimation protocol; 3) correlate both scales with physiological data; and 4) determine those questions ...
Larose Joanie - - 2013
Studies in young adults show that a greater proportion of heat is gained shortly following the start of exercise and that temporal changes in whole-body heat loss during intermittent exercise have a pronounced effect on body heat storage. The consequences of short duration intermittent exercise on heat storage with aging ...
Larose Joanie - - 2013
Aging is associated with a reduction in the body's capacity to dissipate heat. To date, few studies have examined age-related changes in thermoregulatory function during short exercise periods in the heat in older females. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of age on whole-body heat loss during intermittent exercise in the ...
Smuder Ashley J - - 2013
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective antitumor agent used in cancer treatment. However, its clinical use is limited due to cardiotoxicity. Indeed, the side effects of DOX are irreversible and include the development of cardiomyopathy and ultimately congestive heart failure. Although many studies have investigated the events leading to DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, ...
Rowe M F - - 2013
Gigantic size presents both opportunities and challenges in thermoregulation. Allometric scaling relationships suggest that gigantic animals have difficulty dissipating metabolic heat. Large body size permits the maintenance of fairly constant core body temperatures in ectothermic animals by means of gigantothermy. Conversely, gigantothermy combined with endothermic metabolic rate and activity likely ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2013
Surface electromyographic response of the middle, lower serratus anterior, and the upper trapezius muscles was investigated within a number of exercises. In total, 16 healthy, physically active volunteers completed three individual trials consisting of arm elevation above 120°, diagonal elevation, dynamic hug, dynamic hug plus, and push-up plus while surface ...
Cywinska Anna - - 2013
Intensive exercise and exertion during competition promote many changes that may result in the impairment of immunity and increased susceptibility to infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of "the first line of defense": neutrophils and monocytes in racing Thoroughbred and Arabian horses after routine training ...
Brantus P - - 2013
The author reports results obtained by the Handicap International Federation in two projects to combat lymphatic filariasis in Madagascar and in Burkina Faso. The strategies and activities combine a minimal package of activities (hygiene, prevention of skin injuries, exercise, elevation of lymphoedema, wearing comfortable shoes). The integration of these activities ...
Foulds H J A - - 2013
Physical activity is beneficial for many chronic conditions. However, activity levels of Native Americans are not well known. This systematic review investigated if Native American populations achieve the recommended physical activity levels, compared current and past activity levels, and assessed the ability of exercise training programmes to improve health outcomes ...
Beebe Lora Humphrey - - 2013
Despite the well known mental and physical health benefits of exercise, persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders remain sedentary. While the exercise barriers (i.e., lack of motivation, poor concentration, sedative effects of medication, poverty, and lack of access to exercise education/programs) of persons with SSDs are numerous, lack of motivation is ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2013
It is unknown if diabetes-related reductions in local skin blood flow (SkBF) and sweating (LSR) measured during passive heat stress translate into greater heat storage during exercise in the heat in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to non-diabetic control (CON) subjects. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of T2D ...
Prado Danilo Ml - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise training has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy to counteract physical dysfunction in adult systemic lupus erythematosus. However, no longitudinal studies have evaluated the effects of an exercise training program in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (C-SLE) patients. The objective was to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of ...
Tsai Han Hui - - 2013
To explore the effectiveness of exercise program for banking and insurance workers and clarify the association between exercise, burnout, and metabolic syndrome components. In the process of the study, a practicable worksite exercise program was developed for bank and insurance enterprises. A three-month (12-wk) exercise course was conducted, and its ...
Pucci Bruna - - 2013
The research of the last decade highlighted the existence of a family of genes activated by cellular stresses that allow the cells to reactivate defense and repair activities regardless of age. The prolonged activation of these genes enhances the organism health and lifespan. Members of this gene family are called ...
Giraldo Esther - - 2013
Extracellular heat shock proteins of 72 kDa (eHsp72) and noradrenaline (NA) can act as "danger signals" during exercise-induced stress by activating neutrophil function (chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and fungicidal capacity). In addition, post-exercise concentrations of NA increase the expression and release of Hsp72 by human neutrophils, and adrenoreceptors and cAMP are involved in ...
Johnson Evan C - - 2013
A triathlete collapsed with exertional heatstroke (EHS) during 2 races over 3 months. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends a heat tolerance test (HTT) following EHS if there is a concern with return to play. The classical walking HTT may not be the best test to evaluate elite triathletes' ...
Collins Peter F - - 2013
Currently there is confusion about the value of using nutritional support to treat malnutrition and improve functional outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to clarify the effectiveness of nutritional support in improving functional outcomes in COPD. A systematic ...
Voelcker-Rehage Claudia - - 2013
Physical activity has been shown to improve cognitive functioning. Research has largely focused on cognitive facilitation by cardiovascular exercise in older adults. Only few studies have investigated younger age groups or other types of physical activity. In this paper we review and summarize common results found in recent studies of ...
Abdi Hamzehkolaei H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of endurance and/ or weight training in normal and/ or moderate heat environments on heat shock protein (HSP72) response in active young females. Forty-five healthy active female (21±3 year, 61.4±10.2 kg, VO2max 37.2±5.3 mL/kg/min) were randomLy assigned into five groups; ...
Bailon R - - 2013
The analysis and interpretation of heart rate variability (HRV) during exercise is challenging not only because of the non-stationary nature of exercise, the time-varying mean heart rate and the fact that respiratory frequency exceeds 0.4 Hz. There are also other factors, such as the component centred at the pedalling frequency ...
Ho Rainbow T H - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this review is to summarize and assess critically clinical trial evidence of the effect of t'ai chi (TC) exercise on immunity and TC efficacy for treating infectious diseases. Methods: Fourteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011. No language restrictions were imposed. ...
Wingo Brooks C - - 2013
To develop the Exercise Fear Avoidance Scale (EFAS) to measure fear of exercise-induced discomfort. We conducted principal component analysis to determine component structure and Cronbach's alpha to assess internal consistency of the EFAS. Relationships between EFAS scores, BMI, physical activity, and pain were analyzed using multivariate regression. The best fit ...
Uribe-Quevedo Alvaro - - 2013
With recent advances in electronics and mechanics, a new trend in interaction is taking place changing how we interact with our environment, daily tasks and other people. Even though sensor based technologies and tracking systems have been around for several years, recently they have become affordable and used in several ...
Abramovitch Amitai - - 2013
Background: Physical exercise is known to produce numerous psychological beneficial effects in healthy and clinical populations. Nevertheless, little is known about the relationship between exercise and ADhD symptoms, let alone among adults with ADhD. this study examines the association between exercise and three ADhD symptoms: (1) behavioral impulsivity; (2) intrusive ...
Yamazaki Fumio - - 2013
The incidence of heat-related illness in the workplace is linked to whether or not workers have acclimated to a hot environment. Heat acclimation improves endurance work performance in the heat and thermal comfort at a given work rate. These improvements are achieved by increased sweating and skin blood flow responses, ...
Carrillo A E - - 2013
Colostrum is the first milk produced by mammalian mothers and is essential for the health and survival of the newborn. Bovine colostrum (BC) has greater concentrations of the bioactive components (i.e. immune and growth factors) than those found in human colostrum. As a result, BC supplementation has been recently adopted ...
van de Weert-van Leeuwen Pauline B PB Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands ; Department of Translational Immunology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands ; Centre for Molecular and Cellular Intervention, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Regular moderate exercise has been suggested to exert anti-inflammatory effects and improve immune effector functions, resulting in reduced disease incidence and viral infection susceptibility. Whether regular exercise also affects bacterial infection susceptibility is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether regular voluntary exercise wheel running prior to ...
Gomez-Pinilla Fernando F Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, UCLA and Department of Neurosurgery, UCLA Brain Injury Research Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. - - 2013
Scientific evidence based on neuroimaging approaches over the last decade has demonstrated the efficacy of physical activity improving cognitive health across the human lifespan. Aerobic fitness spares age-related loss of brain tissue during aging, and enhances functional aspects of higher order regions involved in the control of cognition. More active ...
Powers Corey C Division of Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children's Medical Center Cincinnati, OH, - - 2013
The phospholipid, cardiolipin, is essential for maintaining mitochondrial structure and optimal function. Cardiolipin-deficiency in humans, Barth syndrome, is characterized by exercise intolerance, dilated cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, and 3-methyl-glutaconic aciduria. The causative gene is the mitochondrial acyl-transferase, tafazzin, that is essential for remodeling acyl chains of cardiolipin. We sought to determine metabolic ...
Barbic Skye - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To provide a framework for the conceptualization of emotional vitality as an important construct for rehabilitation professionals. The specific objectives are to outline the existing scope and breadth of knowledge currently available regarding the definition and measurement of emotional vitality in persons with chronic health conditions, and identify the ...
Paulsen Gøran - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate leucocyte markers, CD11b, CD16, CD66b, CD68, myeloperoxidase and neutrophil elastase on skeletal muscle biopsies from biceps brachii after unaccustomed eccentric exercise followed by the second bout of exercise 3 weeks later. The subjects (10 subjects received COX-2 inhibitor (Celecoxib) and 13 subjects ...
Shi Yali - - 2012
Long-term heavy-load exercise can lead to a decrease in the organism’s immune response. In this study, we used 100 Kunming (KM) mice to investigate the immune-regulatory effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLP) on long-term heavy-load exercising mice. Peripheral white blood cells (WBC), the absolute value of neutrophils (NEUT), the phagocytic ...
Ganio Matthew S - - 2012
When exposed to heat stress, increases in cutaneous blood flow and sweating in well-healed grafted skin are severely attenuated, which could impair whole-body heat loss if skin grafts cover a large portion of TBSA. It is unknown to what extent whole-body heat loss is impaired when skin grafts cover a ...
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