Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 998
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Singleton J Robinson JR Departments of Neurology, University of - - 2014
Objective: Unmyelinated cutaneous axons are vulnerable to physical and metabolic injury, but also capable of rapid regeneration. This balance may help determine risk for peripheral neuropathy associated with diabetes or Metabolic Syndrome. Capsaicin application for 48 hours induces cutaneous fibers to die back into the dermis. Re-growth can be monitored ...
English Arthur W AW Department of Cell Biology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
Electrical stimulation and exercise are treatments to enhance recovery from peripheral nerve injuries. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and androgen receptor signaling are requirements for the effectiveness of these treatments. Increased neuronal activity is adequate to promote regeneration in injured nerves, but the dosing of activity and its relationship to neurotrophins and ...
Pourmomeny Abbas Ali AA Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The important sequelae of facial nerve palsy are synkinesis, asymmetry, hypertension and contracture; all of which have psychosocial effects on patients. Synkinesis due to mal regeneration causes involuntary movements during a voluntary movement. Previous studies have advocated treatment using physiotherapy modalities alone or with exercise therapy, but no consensus exists ...
Jin Heung Yong HY Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Chonbuk National University Hospital, Chonbuk National University, Medical School, 634-18, Keum-Am Dong, Jeonju, 561-712, South - - 2014
The exact effectiveness of supportive care activities, such as exercise, in diabetes patients has yet to be elucidated in the diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) field. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the effect of regular exercise on the peripheral nerves of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The animals were divided as ...
Kahn Jasmin J Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic-inflammatory immune-mediated disease of the esophagus. The most common symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis are dysphagia for solids and bolus obstruction. Approximately half of the patients complain about spontaneously occurring chest pain. However, some patients with eosinophilic esophagitis suffer from, in addition to the described symptoms, exercise-induced ...
Allison David J DJ Department of Kinesiology, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario L2S 3A1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to quantify the potential relationship between various cytokines and peripheral nerve function in humans, in-vivo. Measures of nerve conduction velocity (NCV) were examined prior to and following the induction of a cytokine spike. A significant negative correlation was found between the change in ...
Kavlak Erdo─čan E School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The current study aimed to reveal the therapeutic effects of a pulsed electromagnetic field and swimming exercises on rats with experimental sciatic nerve injury, which was induced with crush-type neuropathy model damage, using electrophysiological methods. [Subjects] In the current study, the sample consisted of 28 adult male Wistar albino ...
Lepley Lindsey K LK School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Context :  After injury, eccentric exercise of the injured limb is often contraindicated. Cross-education training, whereby the uninvolved limb is exercised, is an alternative that may improve quadriceps muscle strength and activation in the unexercised limb. Objective :  To determine the effect of eccentric exercise on quadriceps strength and activation ...
Horng Yi-Shiung YS Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, The Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, - - 2014
Case control study. To evaluate the ultrasonographic median nerve changes under tendon gliding exercise in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and healthy controls. Seventy-three patients with CTS and 53 healthy volunteers were consecutively recruited. Each subject underwent a physical examination, nerve conduction studies and ultrasonographic examinations of the median ...
Ahmed Maryam M Department of Biology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, 28608, - - 2014
Prolonged and intensive exercise induces transient immunosuppression and is associated with an increased risk and severity of infections. The goal of this study was to characterize the antiviral and antibacterial properties of the bioactive metabolites of a blueberry-green tea-polyphenol soy protein complex (PSPC) in the serum of supplemented subjects during ...
D'souza Raina R Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. D.Y.Patil Dental College and Hospital , Nerul, Navi-Mumbai, Maharastra, India - - 2014
Facial attractiveness plays a key role in social interaction. 'Smile' is not only a single category of facial behaviour, but also the emotion of frank joy which is expressed on the face by the combined contraction of the muscles involved. When a patient visits the dental clinic for aesthetic reasons, ...
Zhang Qiwei Q Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science & Technology, Meilong Road 130, Shanghai, 200237 - - 2014
Exercise control: By taking advantage of self-sorting processes among host-guest components, a controlled supramolecular polymerization can be realized, as demonstrated recently with the preparation of a cucurbit[n]uril-based supramolecular polymer. This method may be used for the design of more ordered supramolecular polymers from complex and discrete components.
Bayod Sergi S Unitat de Farmacologia i Farmacognòsia. Facultat de Farmàcia, Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Nucli Universitari de Pedralbes, 08028, Barcelona, - - 2014
Regular physical exercise mediates health and longevity promotion involving Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)-regulated pathways. The anti-aging activity of SIRT1 is achieved, at least in part, by means of fine-tuning the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway by preventing the transition of an originally pro-survival program into a pro-aging mechanism. Additionally, ...
Poirier Martin P MP 1Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 2Canmet MINING, Natural Resources Canada, Sudbury, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to quantify how much whole-body heat loss increases during heat acclimation, as well as the decay in these improvements following heat acclimation. Ten males underwent a 14-day heat acclimation protocol that consisted of 90 min of cycling in the heat [40°C, 20% relative humidity ...
Leuchten Nicolai N Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine III, University Medical Center Carl Gustav Carus at the TU Dresden, Dresden, - - 2014
Objective. To identify in a Delphi exercise of international SLE experts and a systematic literature review the most relevant concepts that impact on the functioning of SLE patients Methods. Sixty SLE experts participated in all rounds of a three round e-mail-based Delphi exercise; for the literature review, 573 manuscripts out ...
White A C AC Health, Exercise and Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, United - - 2014
New approaches to inducing altitude acclimation in a relatively short timeframe are needed, as it is not practical for many soldiers and athletes to gain access to specialized training facilities. Acclimation to one environmental stressor could enhance adaptation to various other stressors in animals and humans. This phenomenon has been ...
Carter Mike R MR 1Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 2Departments of Medicine, Cardiac Sciences and Community Health Sciences, Faculties of Medicine and Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
Studies show that vasomotor and sudomotor activity is compromised in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM) which could lead to impaired skin blood flow (SkBF) and sweating during heat stress. However, recent work suggests the impairments may only be evidenced beyond a certain level of heat stress. We examined T1DM-related ...
Motl Robert W RW University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, - - 2014
Supervised exercise training has substantial benefits for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet 80% of those with MS do not meet recommended levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This same problem persisted for decades in the general population of adults and prompted a paradigm shift away from "exercise training for ...
López Natalia M NM From the Gabinete de Tecnología Médica, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, - - 2014
A 12-yr-old child, with a history of gestational Erb-Duchenne palsy and, later, musculoskeletal injuries in the left arm caused by a car accident, inspired the design of a customized exoskeleton-like device. Such piece, intended for rehabilitation, has one degree of freedom because the exercise routine involves elbow flexion-extension, which was ...
Soan Esme J EJ Mater Mothers' Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia ; Mater Research Institute - University of Queensland, South Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, - - 2014
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, are a growing public health challenge in Australia, accounting for a significant and increasing cost to the health care system. Management of these chronic conditions is aided by interprofessional practice, but models of care require updating to incorporate the ...
Lee Jeong-Beom JB Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Chungcheongnamdo, Republic of - - 2014
Relatively few studies have investigated peripheral sweating mechanisms of long-distance runners. The aim of this study was to compare peripheral sweating mechanisms in male long-distance runners, and sedentary counterparts. Thirty six subjects, including 20 sedentary controls and 16 long-distance runners (with 7-12 years of athletic training, average 9.2±2.1 years) were ...
Nunes-Silva Albená A Laboratório de Resolução da Resposta Inflamatória, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Intense exercise is a physiological stress capable of inducing the interaction of neutrophils with muscle endothelial cells and their transmigration into tissue. Mechanisms driving this physiological inflammatory response are not known. Here, we investigate whether production of reactive oxygen species is relevant for neutrophil interaction with endothelial cells and recruitment ...
Hardie Kate - - 2014
The Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) provides base guidance for planning all levels of public safety exercises, from simple seminars to complex full-scale exercises. However, the recent emphasis placed on the Federal Emergency Response Agency Whole Community approach to emergency management involves broadening the spectrum of participants to ...
Nijs Jo - - 2014
An increasing number of studies have examined how the immune system of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), or myalgic encephalomyelitis, responds to exercise. The objective of the present study was to systematically review the scientific literature addressing exercise-induced immunological changes in CFS patients compared to healthy control subjects. A ...
Jajtner Adam R AR Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
Mediators of monocyte migration, complement receptor-3 (CR3), and chemokine ligand-4 (CCL4) were measured in response to recovery modalities following resistance exercise. Thirty resistance-trained men (23.1 ± 2.9 y; 175.2 ± 7.1 cm; 82.1 ± 8.4 kg) were given neuromuscular electric stimulation (NMES), cold water immersion (CWI), or control (CON) treatments immediately following resistance ...
Devendran Neranjani N Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common chronic condition that not only impairs the quality of life of those who are affected by it but also poses a significant economic burden. It encompasses a wide spectrum of symptoms as a result of gastric content moving into the esophagus. The most ...
Li Jianhua J Heart & Vascular Institute, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
The exercise pressor reflex is a neural control mechanism responsible for the cardiovascular responses to exercise. As exercise is initiated, thin fiber muscle afferent nerves are activated by mechanical and metabolic stimuli arising in the contracting muscles. This leads to reflex increases in arterial blood pressure and heart rate primarily ...
Yeh Shu-Hui SH Department of Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, - - 2013
Moderate physical activity has been shown to promote immunity. Different moderate physical activities may have different effects on immunity. This study investigated the impacts of a 12-week regular music aerobic exercise (MAE) program on leukocyte distribution, lymphocyte subsets, and lymphocyte polarization. The study used a case-control design with pre-test and ...
Cox Narelle S NS School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Level 4 The Alfred Centre 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2013
In individuals with cystic fibrosis there are no established targets for participation in physical activity, nor have any ideal strategies to promote participation in physical activity been identified OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of treatment to increase participation in physical activity in people with cystic fibrosis. We searched the Cochrane ...
O'Riordan Cliona C Department of Clincial Therapies, University of Limerick. Electronic address: - - 2013
To identify the most effective components in an active exercise physiotherapy treatment intervention for chronic neck pain based on the FITT exercise method (FITT-Frequency, Intensity, Timing and Type) of tailoring physical activity recommendations to the individual needs and goals of patients (Oberg 2007)). Databases including AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Biomedical ...
Crookham Jason - - 2013
Exercise is a fundamental component of good health. The American College of Sports Medicine and "Exercise is Medicine" recommend treating exercise as a vital sign, and assessing and prescribing physical activity at every medical visit. Meeting the recommended goals of physical activity results in a significant reduction in all-cause mortality. ...
Gabel C P CP Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine and compare the level of quadriceps activation for knee injured participants during kinetic open-chain, closed-chain and composite-chain (Slackline) clinical exercises. Quadriceps activation is a critical component of lower limb movement and subsequently, rehabilitation. However, selective activation can be difficult due to pain, loss of function and impaired neuro-motor ...
Fastenau Annemieke - - 2013
In patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) the six-minute walk distance reflects the functional exercise level for daily physical activity. It is unknown if this also applies to patients with mild to moderate COPD in primary care. To assess the relationship between functional exercise capacity and ...
Bayod S - - 2013
An active lifestyle involving regular exercise reduces the deleterious effects of the aging process. At the cerebral level, both synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis are modulated by exercise, although the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not clearly understood. In the mature nervous system, the canonical Wnt (Wnt/β-catenin) signaling pathway is ...
Petrofsky Jerrold - - 2013
Heat is commonly used in physical therapy following exercise induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Most heat modalities used in a clinical setting for DOMS are only applied for 5 to 20 minutes. This minimal heat exposure causes little, if any, change in deep tissue temperature. For this reason, long ...
Faria Carlos - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This paper presents the Rehab@home system, a tool specifically developed for helping neurological patients performing rehabilitation exercises at home, without the presence of a physiotherapist. It is centred on the rehabilitation of balance and on the sit-to-stand (STS) movement. Method: Rehab@home is composed of two Wii balance boards, ...
Graves Janessa M - - 2013
The goal of this study was to generate national estimates of injuries associated with mechanical home exercise equipment, and to describe these injuries across all ages. Emergency department (ED)-treated injuries associated with mechanical home exercise equipment were identified from 2007 to 2011 from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Text ...
Horne Jim - - 2013
Although exercise clearly offsets aging effects on the body, its benefits for the aging brain are likely to depend on the extent that physical activity (especially locomotion) facilitates multisensory encounters, curiosity, and interactions with novel environments; this is especially true for exploratory activity, which occupies much of wakefulness for most ...
Hill Kylie - - 2013
Comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation is an important component in the clinical management of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although supervised exercise training is considered the cornerstone of effective pulmonary rehabilitation, there are many other components that should be considered to manage the impairments and symptom burden, as well as ...
Cristi-Montero Carlos - - 2013
Introduction: Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) has been shown to be an extremely useful tool for increasing muscle mass, bone tissue, muscle power, flexibility, and strength, among others. However, to date, there are few studies on the effects of WBVT on energy metabolism and whether this tool could be able to ...
Stearns Rebecca L - - 2013
The purpose was to: 1) correlate and compare the long Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire (56-ESQ) with markers of heat acclimation; 2) compare the 56-ESQ with a modified version of the ESQ (14-ESQ) over a 10-d exercise heat acclimation protocol; 3) correlate both scales with physiological data; and 4) determine those questions ...
Larose Joanie - - 2013
Studies in young adults show that a greater proportion of heat is gained shortly following the start of exercise and that temporal changes in whole-body heat loss during intermittent exercise have a pronounced effect on body heat storage. The consequences of short duration intermittent exercise on heat storage with aging ...
Ganio Matthew S MS Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, Dallas, TX, - - 2013
When exposed to heat stress, increases in cutaneous blood flow and sweating in well-healed grafted skin are severely attenuated, which could impair whole-body heat loss if skin grafts cover a large portion of total body surface area (TBSA). It is unknown to what extent whole-body heat loss is impaired when ...
Larose Joanie - - 2013
Aging is associated with a reduction in the body's capacity to dissipate heat. To date, few studies have examined age-related changes in thermoregulatory function during short exercise periods in the heat in older females. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of age on whole-body heat loss during intermittent exercise in the ...
Smuder Ashley J - - 2013
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective antitumor agent used in cancer treatment. However, its clinical use is limited due to cardiotoxicity. Indeed, the side effects of DOX are irreversible and include the development of cardiomyopathy and ultimately congestive heart failure. Although many studies have investigated the events leading to DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, ...
Rowe M F - - 2013
Gigantic size presents both opportunities and challenges in thermoregulation. Allometric scaling relationships suggest that gigantic animals have difficulty dissipating metabolic heat. Large body size permits the maintenance of fairly constant core body temperatures in ectothermic animals by means of gigantothermy. Conversely, gigantothermy combined with endothermic metabolic rate and activity likely ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2013
Surface electromyographic response of the middle, lower serratus anterior, and the upper trapezius muscles was investigated within a number of exercises. In total, 16 healthy, physically active volunteers completed three individual trials consisting of arm elevation above 120°, diagonal elevation, dynamic hug, dynamic hug plus, and push-up plus while surface ...
Cywinska Anna - - 2013
Intensive exercise and exertion during competition promote many changes that may result in the impairment of immunity and increased susceptibility to infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of "the first line of defense": neutrophils and monocytes in racing Thoroughbred and Arabian horses after routine training ...
Brantus P - - 2013
The author reports results obtained by the Handicap International Federation in two projects to combat lymphatic filariasis in Madagascar and in Burkina Faso. The strategies and activities combine a minimal package of activities (hygiene, prevention of skin injuries, exercise, elevation of lymphoedema, wearing comfortable shoes). The integration of these activities ...
Foulds H J A - - 2013
Physical activity is beneficial for many chronic conditions. However, activity levels of Native Americans are not well known. This systematic review investigated if Native American populations achieve the recommended physical activity levels, compared current and past activity levels, and assessed the ability of exercise training programmes to improve health outcomes ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >