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Lepley Lindsey K LK School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Context :  After injury, eccentric exercise of the injured limb is often contraindicated. Cross-education training, whereby the uninvolved limb is exercised, is an alternative that may improve quadriceps muscle strength and activation in the unexercised limb. Objective :  To determine the effect of eccentric exercise on quadriceps strength and activation ...
Ahmed Maryam M Department of Biology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, 28608, - - 2014
Prolonged and intensive exercise induces transient immunosuppression and is associated with an increased risk and severity of infections. The goal of this study was to characterize the antiviral and antibacterial properties of the bioactive metabolites of a blueberry-green tea-polyphenol soy protein complex (PSPC) in the serum of supplemented subjects during ...
Zhang Qiwei Q Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science & Technology, Meilong Road 130, Shanghai, 200237 - - 2014
Exercise control: By taking advantage of self-sorting processes among host-guest components, a controlled supramolecular polymerization can be realized, as demonstrated recently with the preparation of a cucurbit[n]uril-based supramolecular polymer. This method may be used for the design of more ordered supramolecular polymers from complex and discrete components.
Bayod Sergi S Unitat de Farmacologia i Farmacognòsia. Facultat de Farmàcia, Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Nucli Universitari de Pedralbes, 08028, Barcelona, - - 2014
Regular physical exercise mediates health and longevity promotion involving Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)-regulated pathways. The anti-aging activity of SIRT1 is achieved, at least in part, by means of fine-tuning the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway by preventing the transition of an originally pro-survival program into a pro-aging mechanism. Additionally, ...
Poirier Martin P MP 1Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 2Canmet MINING, Natural Resources Canada, Sudbury, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to quantify how much whole-body heat loss increases during heat acclimation, as well as the decay in these improvements following heat acclimation. Ten males underwent a 14-day heat acclimation protocol that consisted of 90 min of cycling in the heat [40°C, 20% relative humidity ...
Leuchten Nicolai N Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine III, University Medical Center Carl Gustav Carus at the TU Dresden, Dresden, - - 2014
Objective. To identify in a Delphi exercise of international SLE experts and a systematic literature review the most relevant concepts that impact on the functioning of SLE patients Methods. Sixty SLE experts participated in all rounds of a three round e-mail-based Delphi exercise; for the literature review, 573 manuscripts out ...
White A C AC Health, Exercise and Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, United - - 2014
New approaches to inducing altitude acclimation in a relatively short timeframe are needed, as it is not practical for many soldiers and athletes to gain access to specialized training facilities. Acclimation to one environmental stressor could enhance adaptation to various other stressors in animals and humans. This phenomenon has been ...
Carter Mike R MR 1Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 2Departments of Medicine, Cardiac Sciences and Community Health Sciences, Faculties of Medicine and Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
Studies show that vasomotor and sudomotor activity is compromised in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM) which could lead to impaired skin blood flow (SkBF) and sweating during heat stress. However, recent work suggests the impairments may only be evidenced beyond a certain level of heat stress. We examined T1DM-related ...
Motl Robert W RW University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, - - 2014
Supervised exercise training has substantial benefits for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet 80% of those with MS do not meet recommended levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This same problem persisted for decades in the general population of adults and prompted a paradigm shift away from "exercise training for ...
López Natalia M NM From the Gabinete de Tecnología Médica, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, - - 2014
A 12-yr-old child, with a history of gestational Erb-Duchenne palsy and, later, musculoskeletal injuries in the left arm caused by a car accident, inspired the design of a customized exoskeleton-like device. Such piece, intended for rehabilitation, has one degree of freedom because the exercise routine involves elbow flexion-extension, which was ...
Soan Esme J EJ Mater Mothers' Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia ; Mater Research Institute - University of Queensland, South Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, - - 2014
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, are a growing public health challenge in Australia, accounting for a significant and increasing cost to the health care system. Management of these chronic conditions is aided by interprofessional practice, but models of care require updating to incorporate the ...
Lee Jeong-Beom JB Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Chungcheongnamdo, Republic of - - 2014
Relatively few studies have investigated peripheral sweating mechanisms of long-distance runners. The aim of this study was to compare peripheral sweating mechanisms in male long-distance runners, and sedentary counterparts. Thirty six subjects, including 20 sedentary controls and 16 long-distance runners (with 7-12 years of athletic training, average 9.2±2.1 years) were ...
Nunes-Silva Albená A Laboratório de Resolução da Resposta Inflamatória, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Intense exercise is a physiological stress capable of inducing the interaction of neutrophils with muscle endothelial cells and their transmigration into tissue. Mechanisms driving this physiological inflammatory response are not known. Here, we investigate whether production of reactive oxygen species is relevant for neutrophil interaction with endothelial cells and recruitment ...
Hardie Kate - - 2014
The Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) provides base guidance for planning all levels of public safety exercises, from simple seminars to complex full-scale exercises. However, the recent emphasis placed on the Federal Emergency Response Agency Whole Community approach to emergency management involves broadening the spectrum of participants to ...
Nijs Jo - - 2014
An increasing number of studies have examined how the immune system of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), or myalgic encephalomyelitis, responds to exercise. The objective of the present study was to systematically review the scientific literature addressing exercise-induced immunological changes in CFS patients compared to healthy control subjects. A ...
Jajtner Adam R AR Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
Mediators of monocyte migration, complement receptor-3 (CR3), and chemokine ligand-4 (CCL4) were measured in response to recovery modalities following resistance exercise. Thirty resistance-trained men (23.1 ± 2.9 y; 175.2 ± 7.1 cm; 82.1 ± 8.4 kg) were given neuromuscular electric stimulation (NMES), cold water immersion (CWI), or control (CON) treatments immediately following resistance ...
Yeh Shu-Hui SH Department of Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, - - 2013
Moderate physical activity has been shown to promote immunity. Different moderate physical activities may have different effects on immunity. This study investigated the impacts of a 12-week regular music aerobic exercise (MAE) program on leukocyte distribution, lymphocyte subsets, and lymphocyte polarization. The study used a case-control design with pre-test and ...
Cox Narelle S NS School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Level 4 The Alfred Centre 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2013
In individuals with cystic fibrosis there are no established targets for participation in physical activity, nor have any ideal strategies to promote participation in physical activity been identified OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of treatment to increase participation in physical activity in people with cystic fibrosis. We searched the Cochrane ...
O'Riordan Cliona C Department of Clincial Therapies, University of Limerick. Electronic address: - - 2013
To identify the most effective components in an active exercise physiotherapy treatment intervention for chronic neck pain based on the FITT exercise method (FITT-Frequency, Intensity, Timing and Type) of tailoring physical activity recommendations to the individual needs and goals of patients (Oberg 2007)). Databases including AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Biomedical ...
Crookham Jason - - 2013
Exercise is a fundamental component of good health. The American College of Sports Medicine and "Exercise is Medicine" recommend treating exercise as a vital sign, and assessing and prescribing physical activity at every medical visit. Meeting the recommended goals of physical activity results in a significant reduction in all-cause mortality. ...
Gabel C P CP Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine and compare the level of quadriceps activation for knee injured participants during kinetic open-chain, closed-chain and composite-chain (Slackline) clinical exercises. Quadriceps activation is a critical component of lower limb movement and subsequently, rehabilitation. However, selective activation can be difficult due to pain, loss of function and impaired neuro-motor ...
Fastenau Annemieke - - 2013
In patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) the six-minute walk distance reflects the functional exercise level for daily physical activity. It is unknown if this also applies to patients with mild to moderate COPD in primary care. To assess the relationship between functional exercise capacity and ...
Bayod S - - 2013
An active lifestyle involving regular exercise reduces the deleterious effects of the aging process. At the cerebral level, both synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis are modulated by exercise, although the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not clearly understood. In the mature nervous system, the canonical Wnt (Wnt/β-catenin) signaling pathway is ...
Petrofsky Jerrold - - 2013
Heat is commonly used in physical therapy following exercise induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Most heat modalities used in a clinical setting for DOMS are only applied for 5 to 20 minutes. This minimal heat exposure causes little, if any, change in deep tissue temperature. For this reason, long ...
Faria Carlos - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This paper presents the Rehab@home system, a tool specifically developed for helping neurological patients performing rehabilitation exercises at home, without the presence of a physiotherapist. It is centred on the rehabilitation of balance and on the sit-to-stand (STS) movement. Method: Rehab@home is composed of two Wii balance boards, ...
Graves Janessa M - - 2013
The goal of this study was to generate national estimates of injuries associated with mechanical home exercise equipment, and to describe these injuries across all ages. Emergency department (ED)-treated injuries associated with mechanical home exercise equipment were identified from 2007 to 2011 from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Text ...
Horne Jim - - 2013
Although exercise clearly offsets aging effects on the body, its benefits for the aging brain are likely to depend on the extent that physical activity (especially locomotion) facilitates multisensory encounters, curiosity, and interactions with novel environments; this is especially true for exploratory activity, which occupies much of wakefulness for most ...
Hill Kylie - - 2013
Comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation is an important component in the clinical management of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although supervised exercise training is considered the cornerstone of effective pulmonary rehabilitation, there are many other components that should be considered to manage the impairments and symptom burden, as well as ...
Cristi-Montero Carlos - - 2013
Introduction: Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) has been shown to be an extremely useful tool for increasing muscle mass, bone tissue, muscle power, flexibility, and strength, among others. However, to date, there are few studies on the effects of WBVT on energy metabolism and whether this tool could be able to ...
Stearns Rebecca L - - 2013
The purpose was to: 1) correlate and compare the long Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire (56-ESQ) with markers of heat acclimation; 2) compare the 56-ESQ with a modified version of the ESQ (14-ESQ) over a 10-d exercise heat acclimation protocol; 3) correlate both scales with physiological data; and 4) determine those questions ...
Larose Joanie - - 2013
Studies in young adults show that a greater proportion of heat is gained shortly following the start of exercise and that temporal changes in whole-body heat loss during intermittent exercise have a pronounced effect on body heat storage. The consequences of short duration intermittent exercise on heat storage with aging ...
Ganio Matthew S MS Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, Dallas, TX, - - 2013
When exposed to heat stress, increases in cutaneous blood flow and sweating in well-healed grafted skin are severely attenuated, which could impair whole-body heat loss if skin grafts cover a large portion of total body surface area (TBSA). It is unknown to what extent whole-body heat loss is impaired when ...
Larose Joanie - - 2013
Aging is associated with a reduction in the body's capacity to dissipate heat. To date, few studies have examined age-related changes in thermoregulatory function during short exercise periods in the heat in older females. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of age on whole-body heat loss during intermittent exercise in the ...
Smuder Ashley J - - 2013
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective antitumor agent used in cancer treatment. However, its clinical use is limited due to cardiotoxicity. Indeed, the side effects of DOX are irreversible and include the development of cardiomyopathy and ultimately congestive heart failure. Although many studies have investigated the events leading to DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, ...
Rowe M F - - 2013
Gigantic size presents both opportunities and challenges in thermoregulation. Allometric scaling relationships suggest that gigantic animals have difficulty dissipating metabolic heat. Large body size permits the maintenance of fairly constant core body temperatures in ectothermic animals by means of gigantothermy. Conversely, gigantothermy combined with endothermic metabolic rate and activity likely ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2013
Surface electromyographic response of the middle, lower serratus anterior, and the upper trapezius muscles was investigated within a number of exercises. In total, 16 healthy, physically active volunteers completed three individual trials consisting of arm elevation above 120°, diagonal elevation, dynamic hug, dynamic hug plus, and push-up plus while surface ...
Cywinska Anna - - 2013
Intensive exercise and exertion during competition promote many changes that may result in the impairment of immunity and increased susceptibility to infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of "the first line of defense": neutrophils and monocytes in racing Thoroughbred and Arabian horses after routine training ...
Brantus P - - 2013
The author reports results obtained by the Handicap International Federation in two projects to combat lymphatic filariasis in Madagascar and in Burkina Faso. The strategies and activities combine a minimal package of activities (hygiene, prevention of skin injuries, exercise, elevation of lymphoedema, wearing comfortable shoes). The integration of these activities ...
Foulds H J A - - 2013
Physical activity is beneficial for many chronic conditions. However, activity levels of Native Americans are not well known. This systematic review investigated if Native American populations achieve the recommended physical activity levels, compared current and past activity levels, and assessed the ability of exercise training programmes to improve health outcomes ...
Beebe Lora Humphrey - - 2013
Despite the well known mental and physical health benefits of exercise, persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders remain sedentary. While the exercise barriers (i.e., lack of motivation, poor concentration, sedative effects of medication, poverty, and lack of access to exercise education/programs) of persons with SSDs are numerous, lack of motivation is ...
Borghese Nunzio Alberto NA Department of Computer Science, University of Milan , Milan, Italy - - 2013
The aim of this article is to describe a game engine that has all the characteristics needed to support rehabilitation at home. The low-cost tracking devices recently introduced in the entertainment market allow measuring reliably at home, in real time, players' motion with a hands-free approach. Such systems have also ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2013
It is unknown if diabetes-related reductions in local skin blood flow (SkBF) and sweating (LSR) measured during passive heat stress translate into greater heat storage during exercise in the heat in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to non-diabetic control (CON) subjects. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of T2D ...
Prado Danilo Ml - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise training has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy to counteract physical dysfunction in adult systemic lupus erythematosus. However, no longitudinal studies have evaluated the effects of an exercise training program in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (C-SLE) patients. The objective was to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of ...
Tsai Han Hui - - 2013
To explore the effectiveness of exercise program for banking and insurance workers and clarify the association between exercise, burnout, and metabolic syndrome components. In the process of the study, a practicable worksite exercise program was developed for bank and insurance enterprises. A three-month (12-wk) exercise course was conducted, and its ...
Pucci Bruna - - 2013
The research of the last decade highlighted the existence of a family of genes activated by cellular stresses that allow the cells to reactivate defense and repair activities regardless of age. The prolonged activation of these genes enhances the organism health and lifespan. Members of this gene family are called ...
Giraldo Esther - - 2013
Extracellular heat shock proteins of 72 kDa (eHsp72) and noradrenaline (NA) can act as "danger signals" during exercise-induced stress by activating neutrophil function (chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and fungicidal capacity). In addition, post-exercise concentrations of NA increase the expression and release of Hsp72 by human neutrophils, and adrenoreceptors and cAMP are involved in ...
Johnson Evan C - - 2013
A triathlete collapsed with exertional heatstroke (EHS) during 2 races over 3 months. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends a heat tolerance test (HTT) following EHS if there is a concern with return to play. The classical walking HTT may not be the best test to evaluate elite triathletes' ...
Collins Peter F - - 2013
Currently there is confusion about the value of using nutritional support to treat malnutrition and improve functional outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to clarify the effectiveness of nutritional support in improving functional outcomes in COPD. A systematic ...
Voelcker-Rehage Claudia - - 2013
Physical activity has been shown to improve cognitive functioning. Research has largely focused on cognitive facilitation by cardiovascular exercise in older adults. Only few studies have investigated younger age groups or other types of physical activity. In this paper we review and summarize common results found in recent studies of ...
Abdi Hamzehkolaei H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of endurance and/ or weight training in normal and/ or moderate heat environments on heat shock protein (HSP72) response in active young females. Forty-five healthy active female (21±3 year, 61.4±10.2 kg, VO2max 37.2±5.3 mL/kg/min) were randomLy assigned into five groups; ...
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