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Li Jia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 on the balance between systemic oxygen consumption and oxygen delivery after cardiopulmonary bypass in piglets. METHODS: Twelve piglets weighing 4.5 to 8.3 kg undergoing hypothermic (28 degrees C) cardiopulmonary bypass for 70 to 120 minutes with 40 minutes ...
Kaya Takatoshi - - 2004
The metabolic activity of E. coli cells embedded in collagen gel microstructures in a cone-shaped well and in a cylindrical micropore was investigated using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), based on the oxygen consumption rate and the conversion rate from ferrocyanide to ferricyanide. The analysis of the concentration profiles for oxygen ...
Radstrom M - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The kneeling prone position is often used for low back surgery in order to decrease intraoperative bleeding and increase the surgical exposure of the vertebral canal. The aim of this study was to assess effects of the kneeling prone position on respiratory gas exchange focusing on oxygen ...
Kalliokoski Kari K - - 2004
Capillary transit time and its heterogeneity have a marked impact on oxygen extraction in different tissues. Animal studies have shown that exercise shortens capillary transit time but the effects on capillary transit time heterogeneity have been controversial. We investigated whether exercise changes muscle blood transit time heterogeneity in humans in ...
Shibuya Ken-ichi - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the onset kinetics of muscle oxygenation in localized working muscle (mOxy) was affected by differences in exercise intensity. Five healthy male subjects exercised for 6 min at 125 W, 150 W, and 175 W, and 1 min at 300 W on ...
Kolb Jon C - - 2004
Validation of pulse oximetry in commercially available normobaric hypoxic chambers (NHC) has not been previously reported. The present study examined the validity of pulse oximetry (SpO2) against direct measurements of arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) via co-oximetry (AVOXimeter 4000) in 13 young adults age 21.3 +/- 0.6 years. Over a period ...
Staab A - - 2004
Chinese hamster V79-379A spheroids 200 +/- 30 microm (+/- SD) in diameter were irradiated in agitated medium in different oxygen atmospheres with (1) 227 MeV/nucleon (12)C(+6) ions (plateau region) to model tissue in the entrance channel during therapy, (2) carbon ions in the extended Bragg peak modeling tissue in the ...
Cong Yan-qing - - 2004
A novel in-situ electrochemical oxidation method was applied to the degradation of wastewater containing chlorophenol. Under oxygen sparging, the strong oxidant, hydrogen dioxide, could be in-situ generated through the reduction of oxygen on the surface of the cathode. The removal rate of chlorophenol could be increased 149% when oxygen was ...
Bliss Peter L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Demand oxygen delivery systems (DODS) allot oxygen by interrupting the oxygen flow during exhalation, when it would mostly be wasted. Because DODS conserve oxygen by various methods, there are important performance differences between DODS. We studied certain performance factors that have not previously been carefully examined. METHODS: A bench ...
Agu Obi - - 2004
Despite the established role of compression as the basis for nonoperative treatment of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), its mechanism of action remains unclear. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides continuous noninvasive monitoring of changes in tissue oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxyhemoglobin (Hb). We applied NIRS to evaluate the effect of graded stockings on ...
Rosenfeld Eric - - 2004
Under anaerobiosis, the mitochondrion of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is restricted to unstructured promitochondria. These promitochondria provide unknown metabolic functions that are required for growth. Since high glucose concentrations are mainly fermented by S. cerevisiae during stationary phase (due to nitrogen starvation), an optimized promitochondria isolation procedure was investigated. Firstly, the unusual ...
Ghosh Asok Kumar - - 2004
aerobic to anaerobic transition intensity is one of the most significant physiological variable in endurance sports. Scientists have explained the term in various ways, like, Lactate Threshold, Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold, Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation, Onset of Plasma Lactate Accumulation, Heart Rate Deflection Point and Maximum Lactate Steady State. But ...
Neubauer Judith A - - 2004
This mini-review summarizes the present knowledge regarding central oxygen-chemosensitive sites with special emphasis on their function in regulating changes in cardiovascular and respiratory responses. These oxygen-chemosensitive sites are distributed throughout the brain stem from the thalamus to the medulla and may form an oxygen-chemosensitive network. The ultimate effect on respiratory ...
Whittow G C - - 2003
The oxygen consumption and respiratory frequency of Laysan Albatross eggs were measured during the different phases of pipping (paranatal period) and in hatchlings. The initial phase of pipping--penetration of the aircell of the egg by the embryonic beak--coincided with the beginning of pulmonary ventilation, the embryo rebreathing aircell gas, but ...
Cade W Todd - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on oxygen on-kinetics in HIV-positive persons. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental cross-sectional. SETTING: Infectious disease clinic and exercise laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Referred participants (N=39) included 13 HIV-positive participants taking HAART, 13 HIV-positive participants not taking HAART, and 13 ...
Hink Jonas - - 2003
The use of titanium during hyperbaric oxygen therapy may pose a risk of fire. A fresh titanium surface in a high oxygen atmosphere can be a source of ignition. The clinical scenario may be a patient who accidentally breaks his titanium-framed glasses during a hyperbaric oxygen treatment in a monoplace ...
Shibuya Ken-ichi - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle oxygenation level at exhaustion and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in an incremental cycling exercise. Nine male subjects took part in an incremental exhaustive cycling exercise, and then cuff occlusion was performed. Changes in oxy-(deltaHbO2) and deoxy-(deltaHb) hemoglobin concentrations ...
van Iterson Mat - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In this study, the hypothesis was tested that resuscitation with hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) affects the oxygenation of the microcirculation differently between and within organs. To this end, we tested the influence of the volume of an HBOC on the microcirculatory oxygenation of the heart and the gut serosa ...
Vigeolas Helene - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate whether endogenous restrictions in oxygen supply are limiting for storage metabolism in developing oilseed rape (Brassica napus) seeds. Siliques were studied 30 d after flowering, when rapid lipid accumulation is occurring in the seeds. (a). By using microsensors, oxygen concentrations were measured ...
Sen Chandan K - - 2003
The orthodox view has been that reactive oxygen species are primarily damaging to cells. There is general agreement that while high (3%) doses of H(2)O(2) may serve as a clinical disinfectant, its overall effect on healing is not positive. Current work shows that at very low concentrations, reactive oxygen species ...
Miura Hajime - - 2004
This study tested whether regional differences in oxygenation status could result from differences in muscle fiber architecture. Architectural properties, oxygen supply, and consumption in the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (GM) were determined in vivo in six men using B-mode ultrasound and functional near infrared (NIR) imaging devices. Fascicle ...
Tsukada Kosuke - - 2003
A catheter-type optical oxygen sensor based on phosphorescence lifetime was developed for medical and animal experimental use. Since the sensor probe should have biocompatibility and high oxygen permeability in vivo, we focused attention on acceptable polymer materials for contact lenses as the substrates of probes. Pd-porphyrin was doped in silicone-based ...
Lee C G - - 2003
The present study measured the excess post-exercise oxygen cost (EPOC) following tests at critical swimming speed (Ucrit) in three stocks of adult, wild, Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus sp.) and used EPOC to estimate the time required to return to their routine level of oxygen consumption (recovery time) and the total oxygen ...
Christopher Kent L - - 2003
Over the past 20 years a variety of transtracheal catheters have been developed for long-term oxygen therapy. A modified Seldinger technique has been the standard in the past, but a more recent procedure for surgical creation of the tracheocutaneous tract presents a number of potential advantages. TTO should be administered ...
Jensen Pernille N - - 2003
Storage of nuts at a high oxygen concentration results in rancid nuts whereas storage at a low oxygen concentration results in fine-tasting nuts. During a 13 month experiment, packaging of walnuts with an oxygen absorber was compared to packaging in nitrogen or atmospheric air. At the same time, the effects ...
Mizuno Masaki - - 2003
This investigation evaluated regional differences in blood flow and oxygen consumption and their relationship in exercised muscle during recovery from exhaustive exercise. Five healthy men performed exhaustive one-legged cycling exercise. Positron emission tomography was used to measure blood flow, oxygen uptake, and oxygen extraction in the quadriceps femoris muscle before ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of acute plasma volume expansion on arterial blood-gas status during 6.5 min strenuous cycling exercise comparing six athletes with and six athletes without exercise-induced arterial hypoxaemia (EIAH). We hypothesized that plasma volume expansion could improve arterial oxygen pressure in a ...
Brunelli Alessandro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of postoperative exercise oxygen desaturation (EOD) in patients submitted to lobectomy or pneumonectomy for lung carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 227 patients with non-small cell lung cancer submitted to lobectomy or pneumonectomy from January 2000 through October 2002 were prospectively analyzed. Maximal stair-climbing ...
Zhao Weili - - 2003
A Raman scattering system was used to measure the O2 (a1delta) yield end the chlorine utilization in a singlet oxygen generator of chemical oxygen iodine laser with nitrogen diluent. We present the results from the tests that conducted on a 0.1-mol/s jet-type singlet oxygen-iodine generator. On the basis of the ...
Li Gai-Ru - - 2003
Oxygen is the most effective dynamic quencher in liquid room temperature phosphorimetry (LRTP). Using oxygen scavenger to achieve significant or more sensitive RTP signals may bring about kinds of trouble in many cases and is apparently not very convenient in procedures. To date a few examples on LRTP without deoxygenation ...
Chieregato A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Normal values of the jugular bulb oxygen saturation were obtained in 1942 and in 1963. Correct catheter positioning was not confirmed radiologically. OBJECTIVES: To replicate the measurements during angiographic catheterisation of the jugular bulb. METHODS: Oxygen saturation in the jugular bulb (SjO(2)), inferior petrosal sinus (SipsO(2)), and internal jugular ...
Downs John B - - 2003
Modern clinical use of supplemental oxygen supposes that: (1) exposure to F(IO)(2) < or = 60% is without adverse effects, (2) an individual at risk of developing arterial hypoxemia can be protected by administering high F(IO)(2), and (3) routine administration of supplemental oxygen is useful, harmless, and clinically indicated. There ...
Boumphrey S M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The administration of oxygen at a high-inspired concentration is often required in medicine, particularly in resuscitation of critically ill patients. However, there is a lack of evidence-based guidance on how to achieve this using currently available apparatus. The aim of this study was to assess how maximum inspired oxygen ...
Primhak R A - - 2003
This article deals with the discharge planning and continuing care of babies with chronic lung disease of the newborn (CLD), especially those with a continuing oxygen requirement, with some reference to longer term outcome. The pattern of CLD has changed since early descriptions, and the most useful definition for persisting ...
van Dongen Joost T - - 2003
We have investigated the consequences of endogenous limitations in oxygen delivery for phloem transport in Ricinus communis. In situ oxygen profiles were measured directly across stems of plants growing in air (21% [v/v] oxygen), using a microsensor with a tip diameter of approximately 30 microm. Oxygen levels decreased from 21% ...
Denninghoff Kurt R - - 2003
The objective was to test calibration of an eye oximeter (EOX) in a vitiligo swine eye and correlate retinal venous oxygen saturation (Srv(O(2))), mixed venous oxygen saturation (Sv(O(2))), and cardiac output (CO) during robust changes in blood volume. Ten anesthetized adult Sinclair swine with retinal vitiligo were placed on stepwise ...
Heyen U - - 2003
Media and growth conditions were optimized for the microaerobic cultivation of Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense in flasks and in a fermentor, resulting in significantly increased cell and magnetosome yields, compared with earlier studies. A reliable method was established for the automatic control of low dissolved oxygen tensions (pO(2)) in the fermentor (oxystat). ...
Rajakumar A - - 2003
Pre-eclamptic (PE) placentae overexpress hypoxia inducible transcription factors-1alpha and -2alpha proteins (Biol. Repro. 64: 499-506, 2001; Ibid 1019-1020). Possible explanations include (a) impaired oxygen-dependent reduction, and/or (b) enhanced sensitivity to reduced oxygen. After 18 h equilibration under 21 per cent O(2) atmosphere, we subjected villous explants prepared from placentae of ...
Farrell A P - - 2003
For most teleost fish, the majority of the myocardial oxygen supply is provided by the oxygen reserve remaining in venous blood after other tissues have extracted oxygen. We examined the effect of graded exercise and water temperature on this venous blood oxygen supply to the heart (termed the cardiac circulation) ...
Land Stephen C - - 2003
Oxygen-sensing pathways have been extensively explored in the context of homeostatic responses to hypoxic episodes; however, little is known of their involvement in the morphogenesis of respiratory structures (mitochondria, placenta, lung) during development in utero. This review identifies four essential loci where oxygen signalling pathways may cue the development of ...
Wolff Christopher B - - 2003
Cardiac output (Q) changes linearly with oxygen consumption (VO2) in normal subjects undertaking submaximal exercise (Q = A + B x VO2 where A is the y intercept and B the slope). If (hypothesis 1) the increase in cardiac output above the resting state represents the blood flow to exercising ...
Radhakrishnan Krishnan - - 2003
An acute reduction in oxygen delivery to a tissue is associated with metabolic changes aimed at maintaining ATP homeostasis. However, given the complexity of the human bioenergetic system, it is difficult to determine quantitatively how cellular metabolic processes interact to maintain ATP homeostasis during stress (e.g., hypoxia, ischemia, and exercise). ...
Vasserot Y - - 2003
The capacity of yeast lees to remove thiols was investigated in a synthetic medium and in wine. In a synthetic medium, yeast lees are able to reduce thiol concentration with a concomitant production of a disulfide. In wine, thiol consumption is lower than in the synthetic medium and no disulfide ...
Edmark Lennart - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The use of 100% oxygen during induction of anesthesia may produce atelectasis. The authors investigated how different oxygen concentrations affect the formation of atelectasis and the fall in arterial oxygen saturation during apnea. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy, nonsmoking women were randomized to breathe 100, 80, or 60% oxygen for 5 ...
Sahoo Goloka Behari - - 2003
A one-dimensional bubble plume model is described to predict the gaseous mass transfer of air bubbles into ambient water and the appropriate design criteria of a bubbler for a linearly stratified reservoir. The bubble plume behavior is governed by two dimensionless parameters: G, the strength of stratification, and M, the ...
Hendeles Leslie - - 2003
Bronchospasm precipitated by exercise is often indistinguishable from bronchospasm produced by other stimuli. Symptoms result from airflow limitation and include wheezing, cough, chest tightness, dyspnea and sometimes hypoxemia. The prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm varies from 30%-90%, but virtually all patients with current asthma will experience a decrease in lung function ...
Yu Hyung Suk - - 2002
Bacterial aerotaxis is a rapid response towards or away from oxygen. Here we report on the use of computer-assisted motion analysis coupled to flash photolysis of caged oxygen to quantify aerotactic responses in bacteria. The caged compound (mu-peroxo)(mu-hydroxo)bis[bis(bipyridyl) cobalt(III)] perchlorate liberates molecular oxygen upon irradiation with near-UV light. A mixture ...
Madhani Melanie - - 2002
The effects of the antibacterial peptide PR-39 on nitric oxide (NO) and liver oxygenation (pO(2)) in a mouse model of endotoxaemia have been explored. In vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to make direct measurements of liver NO and pO(2). Measurements of pO(2) were made at two different ...
Pridemore William Alex - - 2002
In Russia, rates of alcohol consumption and homicide are among the highest in the world, and already-high levels increased dramatically after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Rates of both, however, vary greatly among Russia's 89 regions. We took advantage of newly available vital statistics and socioeconomic data to examine ...
Hummler Helmut D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effects of low perfusion caused by emerging sepsis on the reliability of a new pulse oximetry technology (Masimo SET; IVY 405T) compared with a standard pulse oximeter (Nellcor N-200). DESIGN: Randomized trial. SETTING: University animal research facility. SUBJECTS: Twenty-six anesthetized, ventilated (Fio, 1.0), adult rabbits. ...
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