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Results 201 - 250 of 986
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Uemura Ryuichiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recently, hepatic surgery has made remarkable progress, and it is important to use appropriate liver perfusion. We evaluated the effect of normothermic liver perfusion with the addition of fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate (FBP) and oxygenation to maintain liver parenchymal, non-parenchymal, and Kupffer cell function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were divided ...
Fink Barbara - - 2006
Factors that influence the polarographic measurement of the oxygen uptake of the cornea are reviewed. These factors include the technique, electrode assembly, oxygen reservoir, membrane material and thickness, oxygen tension of the corneal environment, duration of exposure to environmental conditions and time to application of the probe all influencing measured ...
Ashenden M J - - 2007
Haemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) such as Hemopure are touted as a tenable substitute for red blood cells and therefore potential doping agents, although the mechanisms of oxygen transport of HBOCs are incompletely understood. We investigated whether infusion of Hemopure increased maximal oxygen uptake (V.O 2max) and endurance performance in healthy ...
Sharma S K - - 2006
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem in the developing world. In this preliminary study, we report the effect of antituberculosis treatment (ATT) on cardiopulmonary responses to exercise in patients with miliary tuberculosis (MTB). The prospective study of cardiopulmonary responses to exercise in patients with MTB within one month of ...
Sternberg Leonel - - 2006
The oxygen isotopic composition of plant cellulose is commonly used for the interpretations of climate, ecophysiology and dendrochronology in both modern and palaeoenvironments. Further applications of this analytical tool depends on our in-depth knowledge of the isotopic fractionations associated with the biochemical pathways leading to cellulose. Here, we test two ...
Hotta Norio - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) deconditioning on oxygen uptake kinetics. Eight healthy males underwent ULLS for 20 days and performed a series of 6-min square-wave transitions from rest to 60-W single-leg cycling exercises just before and after ULLS. ...
Masci Bernardo - - 2006
In the acetylation of an oxygenated calix[4]arene homologue in the presence of CsF as a base, relaxation of the reaction system to the equilibrium composition takes place through several intra- and intermolecular steps that can be easily controlled to obtain the various acetyl derivatives. The effect of different bases is ...
de Geus Bas - - 2006
The objectives of this study were to (1) continuously assess oxygen uptake and heart rate; (2) quantify the extent to which maximal whole-body cardiorespiratory capacity is utilized during climbing on four routes with the same difficulty but different steepness and/or displacement. Fifteen expert climbers underwent a maximal graded exercise test ...
Ottosen Lars D M - - 2006
Understanding the biology of reproductive organs is essential for the development of assisted reproductive techniques. There is at present no direct evidence for either the concentration and dynamics of intrauterine oxygen tension at the endometrial surface, nor its importance for the receptiveness of the endometrium. In this study a new ...
Nowak-Sliwinska Patrycja - - 2006
The efficiency of photodynamic effect (PDE) for Photofrin II (PfII), Verteporfin, and Merocyanine 540 (MC540) was compared against neoplastic cells. Triplet state lifetimes and singlet molecular oxygen quantum yields were correlated with biological effect. PfII triplet lifetime was two times longer than that of Verteporfin, however, its singlet molecular oxygen ...
Saito Takeshi - - 2006
A quantitative analysis of the oxygen concentration profile near a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic device was performed using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). A microchannel filled with sodium sulfite (Na(2)SO(3)) aqueous solution was imaged by SECM, showing that the oxygen diffusion layer of the PDMS microchannel was observed to be hemicylindrical. Based ...
Thomas Matthew J - - 2006
Rising concerns over respiratory illnesses caused by agents such as avian influenza viruses and SARS coronavirus have prompted intensive research efforts and the resurgence of nonhuman primates as models for these human diseases. In the context of studying influenza infection and vaccine development, serial bronchoscopic procedures, including bronchial brush biopsies ...
Patel Mayur B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Data are limited on the actions of hemoglobin based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study evaluates neurotoxicity, vasoactivity, cardiac toxicity, and inflammatory activity of HBOC-201 (Biopure, Cambridge, Mass.) resuscitation in a TBI model. METHODS: Swine received TBI and hemorrhage. After 30 minutes, resuscitation was initiated ...
Mathru Mali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In conscious humans, reduction in hemoglobin concentration to 5 g/dl did not produce inadequate systemic oxygenation. However, systemic measures of inadequate oxygenation may not be sufficiently sensitive to detect inadequate oxygenation in individual organs such as splanchnic organs. The authors tested the hypothesis that acute normovolemic anemia to hemoglobin ...
Russell John A - - 2006
Venous outflow obstruction is the most common cause of tissue failure after microvascular reconstructive surgery. If it is not recognized early, there is an increased risk of tissue damage and loss. Currently, however, there are no adequate models for the study of this clinical problem. The purpose of this study ...
Shibata Masahiro - - 2006
We tested the hypothesis that oxygen is supplied to the resting skeletal muscle by arterioles rather than by capillaries. This hypothesis was evaluated in rats and rabbits by combining different approaches (1) determination of the intravascular oxygen tension (PO2) in arterioles of different diameters, (2) measurement of the perfused capillary ...
Kidder George W GW - - 2006
We have developed a flow-through method for measuring oxygen consumption in fish which allows continuous monitoring over periods of days with good accuracy. Our goal was to determine the changes in basal metabolic rate in estuarine fish as a function of salinity. We show that in Fundulus heteroclitus, the oxygen ...
Richmond Julie P - - 2006
Two key factors influence the diving and hence foraging ability of marine mammals: increased oxygen stores prolong aerobic metabolism and decreased metabolism slows rate of fuel consumption. In young animals, foraging ability may be physiologically limited due to low total body oxygen stores and high mass specific metabolic rates. To ...
Yu Dao-Yi - - 2006
PURPOSE: To make the first measurements of intraretinal oxygen distribution in the mouse, an animal model of increasing importance in ophthalmic research. METHODS: Oxygen-sensitive microelectrodes were used to measure oxygen tension as a function of depth through the retina and choroid in anesthetized mice (n = 8). All measurements were ...
Futrell James W JW - - 2006
Facemasks and nasal cannulae are used to provide supplemental oxygen to patients in the postoperative period after general anesthesia. These devices are associated with several patient complications, including aspiration, hypercarbia, and mechanical trauma. A new device, the OxyArm, is designed to eliminate these problems. It is an "open oxygen" system ...
Mimura, Tatsuya
MIMURA, T., TANAKA, S., ISHIHARA, K., WADAZUMI, T., MIYAMOTO, T., FUJIWARA, H. and FUJIMOTO, S., Relationships Among Muscle Oxygenation, Blood Lactate Concentration, and Substrate Utilization During Prolonged Exercise Below Anaerobic Threshold. Abv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.9, No.4 pp.111-117, 2003. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among ...
Kawahara, Yayoi
KAWAHARA, Y., MIZUNO, M., IWAKAWA, T., NAKAMURA, Y. and MURAOKA, I. Relationship Between Oxygen Supply and Consumption in Exercised Muscle During Recovery. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.11, No.2 pp55-60, 2005. The purposes of this study were to measure muscle oxygenation kinetics and the oxygen consumption index (OCI) and the oxygen ...
Braun Jan-Peter - - 2006
Normothermic, nonpulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) impairs systemic and splanchnic oxygen transport and increases gastrointestinal permeability. It is an important therapeutic goal to avoid splanchnic dysoxia during CPB. Small-dose prostacyclin therapy improves splanchnic oxygen transport and microcirculation in septic patients. In this study, we sought to determine if during cardiac surgery, ...
Rollins M D - - 2006
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) increases wound oxygen delivery, but few data quantify wound oxygen levels over the course of healing. We characterized these changes during and after HBO2 treatment in a rat wound model. The treatment group (n=7) received 2.0 ATA HBO2, 90 minutes BID for 15 days. Control rats (n=5) ...
Collins Aaron M - - 2006
A patient with severe hypothermia presented with an initial rectal temperature of 28.3 degrees C coupled with a hemoglobin of 2.2 g x dL(-1) and acute pancreatitis. Although hypothermia decreases oxygen and substrate consumption by tissues and can be cerebro-protective, the ideal rewarming strategy is unclear when the oxygen-delivery system ...
Su Steven W SW Human Performance Group, New South Wales Univ., Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2006
This paper aims to establish block-structured nonlinear model (Hammerstein model) to predict oxygen uptake during moderate treadmill exercises. In order to model the steady state relationship between oxygen uptake (oxygen consumption) and walking speed, six healthy male subjects walked on a motor driven treadmill at six different speed (2,3,4,5,6, and ...
Acker Helmut - - 2005
Structural and functional integrity of organ function profoundly depends on a regular oxygen and glucose supply. Any disturbance of this supply becomes life threatening and may result in severe loss of organ function. Particular reductions in oxygen availability (hypoxia) caused by respiratory or blood circulation irregularities cannot be tolerated for ...
Pareek Mamta - - 2006
Armillaria luteobubalina produces air pores in culture. They consist of two parts: a basal region of tissue elevated to form a mound covered with a rind continuous with that of the colony, but perforated; and an apical region of long parallel hyphae, cemented together by scattered patches of extracellular material. ...
Williams D L - - 2006
Cystic lesions in the eyes of farmed halibut with a number of ocular sequelae have been reported previously with evidence that the condition can be associated with increased activity of choroidal carbonic anhydrase and elevated oxygen tension in the aqueous humour of affected fish. These changes may be compared to ...
Freitag Marc - - 2005
PURPOSE: While the effects of dilutional anemia or isovolemic hemodilution (IHD) on the oxygen extraction and tissue oxygenation in peripheral organs after application of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers like HBOC-201 have been studied intensively, little is known about tissue oxygenation properties of hemoglobin solutions in central organs like the liver. METHODS: ...
Zhu Zhiwen - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if an oxygen prescription based on continuous oximetry monitoring, would result in an increased percentage of time spent within an SpO2 level between 88% and 92%. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cohort study in an outpatient, pulmonary setting in a ...
Schears Gregory G Mayo Clinic, Rochester, and Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, - - 2005
The oxygen distribution in the microcirculation of the piglet's brain and striatal extracellular dopamine were determined during repetitive apnea and resuscitation with 21% or 100% oxygen. Pre-apnea cortical oxygen was 49.5+/-10.4 mm Hg and during each apnea decreased to 8+/-0.9 mm Hg. After ten apneic episodes followed by resuscitation with ...
Rahardjo Yovita S P - - 2005
In this paper, the effects of bed porosity, bran and specific surface area on the oxygen uptake rate and alpha-amylase production during growth of Aspergillus oryzae on wheat grain and wheat-flour substrate are reported. The high oxygen uptake rate found during cultivation of A. oryzae on wheat-flour substrate was not ...
Lopes Paulo - - 2005
Oxygen is one of the most important factors determining the aging potential of bottled wine, and oxygen diffusion into bottled wine is extremely dependent on the sealing effectiveness of the closure. A nondestructive colorimetric method was developed to measure oxygen diffusion from 1 to 9.8 mg/L during the postbottling period. ...
Altermatt F R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In obese patients, reduced functional residual capacity exacerbated by supine position might decrease the effectiveness of pre-oxygenation and the tolerance to apnoea. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of body posture during pre-oxygenation, sitting or supine, on its effectiveness in obese patients. METHODS: Forty obese ...
Stirling J R - - 2005
We present a new model of the underlying dynamics of the oxygen uptake VO2(v,t) kinetics for various exercise intensities. This model is in the form of a set of nonlinear coupled vector fields for the VO2(v,t) and v, the derivative of the exercise intensity with respect to time. We also ...
Foss Ø - - 2005
The aim of this study was to validate a computerized metabolic system with mixing chamber (Oxycon Pro, Erich Jaeger GmbH, Hoechberg, Germany) against the Douglas bag method (1) over a large range of ventilations and (2) for drift during shorter (25-min time trial) and longer (approximately three months) test periods. ...
Watson M A - - 2005
The Ilizarov fixator consists of tensioned wires that attach bone segments to a modular frame. The aim of this study was to establish the accuracy and precision of the wire-tensioning device supplied with the Ilizarov external fixation system. The device was used to tension a wire in direct opposition to ...
Chu C P - - 2005
The anaerobic digestion rate for flocculated sludge has been considered to be lower than that of original sludge, particularly in the later stages of digestion; attributed this relatively slower rate to the increased mass transfer resistance for reactants through the large flocs after flocculation. This study confirmed that methane production ...
Fakler Ullrich - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the differences in assumed and measured oxygen consumption values for the determination of cardiac output by using the Fick principle in a pediatric population with congenital heart disease. METHODS: The patient population consisted of 143 patients with a mean age of 11.3 years (age range, ...
Morris R W - - 2005
The ability of experienced anaesthetists to discern oxygen saturation by listening to the tones of a Datex AS3 pulse oximeter was examined. Five-second samples were recorded using a high fidelity patient simulator and replayed singly and in pairs. Whilst the lower saturations were generally recognized as lower, the perceived range ...
Harrison Jon F - - 2005
How does body size affect the structure and gas exchange capacities of insect tracheae? Do insects become more oxygen-limited as they grow? We addressed these questions by measuring the dimensions of two transverse tracheae within the abdomen of American locusts of different ages, and evaluating the potential for diffusion or ...
García-Cantizano Josefina - - 2005
Partitioning of CO(2) incorporation into oxygenic phototrophic, anoxygenic phototrophic, and chemolithoautotrophic guilds was determined in a freshwater lake (Lake Cisó, Banyoles, Spain). CO(2) incorporation into the different types of microorganisms was studied at different depths, during diel cycles, and throughout the year. During winter holomixis, the whole lake became anoxic ...
McNamara M J - - 2005
Hypoxaemia during open-airway apnoea, e.g. during brainstem death testing, may cause organ damage. The effect of ambient oxygen fraction on the extent of hypoxaemia has not been established. We validated the Nottingham Physiology Simulator in this context by reproducing the methodologies and results of four published clinical studies. We then ...
O'Neill B - - 2005
The prescription of home oxygen cylinders is substantial. This study aimed to establish patient's current use of short burst oxygen therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to examine potential cost savings if cylinder use had been replaced by a concentrator. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed by 100 patients ...
Yamada Eiji - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) on oxygenation of vastus lateralis muscle during squatting exercise. Eighteen male subjects [mean age, 27.3 +/- 6.0 (SD) years; mean height, 171.8 +/- 4.9 cm; mean weight, 64.4 +/- 6.1 kg] performed squatting exercise on ...
Dixon Benjamin J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Class III obese patients have altered respiratory mechanics, which are further impaired in the supine position. The authors explored the hypothesis that preoxygenation in the 25 degrees head-up position allows a greater safety margin for induction of anesthesia than the supine position. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial measured oxygen ...
Lacasse Y - - 2005
Long-term oxygen therapy may limit a patient's ability to remain active and may be detrimental to the rehabilitation process. This study aimed to determine the effect of ambulatory oxygen on quality of life and exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease fulfilling the usual criteria of long-term oxygen ...
Hoelper B M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oxygen tension sensors have been used to monitor tissue oxygenation in human brain for several years. The working principals of the most frequently used sensors, the Licox (LX) and Neurotrend (NT), are different, and they have never been validated independently for correct measurement in vitro. Therefore, we tried to ...
Arain Sarina - - 2005
Microplates with integrated optical oxygen sensors are a new tool to study metabolic rates and enzyme activities. Precise measurements are possible only if oxygen exchange between the sample and the environment is known. In this study we quantify gas exchange in plastic microplates. Dissolved oxygen was detected using either an ...
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