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Beebe Lora Humphrey - - 2013
Despite the well known mental and physical health benefits of exercise, persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders remain sedentary. While the exercise barriers (i.e., lack of motivation, poor concentration, sedative effects of medication, poverty, and lack of access to exercise education/programs) of persons with SSDs are numerous, lack of motivation is ...
Borghese Nunzio Alberto NA Department of Computer Science, University of Milan , Milan, Italy - - 2013
The aim of this article is to describe a game engine that has all the characteristics needed to support rehabilitation at home. The low-cost tracking devices recently introduced in the entertainment market allow measuring reliably at home, in real time, players' motion with a hands-free approach. Such systems have also ...
Kenny Glen P - - 2013
It is unknown if diabetes-related reductions in local skin blood flow (SkBF) and sweating (LSR) measured during passive heat stress translate into greater heat storage during exercise in the heat in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to non-diabetic control (CON) subjects. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of T2D ...
Prado Danilo Ml - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise training has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy to counteract physical dysfunction in adult systemic lupus erythematosus. However, no longitudinal studies have evaluated the effects of an exercise training program in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (C-SLE) patients. The objective was to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of ...
Tsai Han Hui - - 2013
To explore the effectiveness of exercise program for banking and insurance workers and clarify the association between exercise, burnout, and metabolic syndrome components. In the process of the study, a practicable worksite exercise program was developed for bank and insurance enterprises. A three-month (12-wk) exercise course was conducted, and its ...
Pucci Bruna - - 2013
The research of the last decade highlighted the existence of a family of genes activated by cellular stresses that allow the cells to reactivate defense and repair activities regardless of age. The prolonged activation of these genes enhances the organism health and lifespan. Members of this gene family are called ...
Giraldo Esther - - 2013
Extracellular heat shock proteins of 72 kDa (eHsp72) and noradrenaline (NA) can act as "danger signals" during exercise-induced stress by activating neutrophil function (chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and fungicidal capacity). In addition, post-exercise concentrations of NA increase the expression and release of Hsp72 by human neutrophils, and adrenoreceptors and cAMP are involved in ...
Johnson Evan C - - 2013
A triathlete collapsed with exertional heatstroke (EHS) during 2 races over 3 months. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends a heat tolerance test (HTT) following EHS if there is a concern with return to play. The classical walking HTT may not be the best test to evaluate elite triathletes' ...
Collins Peter F - - 2013
Currently there is confusion about the value of using nutritional support to treat malnutrition and improve functional outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to clarify the effectiveness of nutritional support in improving functional outcomes in COPD. A systematic ...
Voelcker-Rehage Claudia - - 2013
Physical activity has been shown to improve cognitive functioning. Research has largely focused on cognitive facilitation by cardiovascular exercise in older adults. Only few studies have investigated younger age groups or other types of physical activity. In this paper we review and summarize common results found in recent studies of ...
Abdi Hamzehkolaei H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of endurance and/ or weight training in normal and/ or moderate heat environments on heat shock protein (HSP72) response in active young females. Forty-five healthy active female (21±3 year, 61.4±10.2 kg, VO2max 37.2±5.3 mL/kg/min) were randomLy assigned into five groups; ...
Bailon R - - 2013
The analysis and interpretation of heart rate variability (HRV) during exercise is challenging not only because of the non-stationary nature of exercise, the time-varying mean heart rate and the fact that respiratory frequency exceeds 0.4 Hz. There are also other factors, such as the component centred at the pedalling frequency ...
Ho Rainbow T H - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this review is to summarize and assess critically clinical trial evidence of the effect of t'ai chi (TC) exercise on immunity and TC efficacy for treating infectious diseases. Methods: Fourteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011. No language restrictions were imposed. ...
Wingo Brooks C - - 2013
To develop the Exercise Fear Avoidance Scale (EFAS) to measure fear of exercise-induced discomfort. We conducted principal component analysis to determine component structure and Cronbach's alpha to assess internal consistency of the EFAS. Relationships between EFAS scores, BMI, physical activity, and pain were analyzed using multivariate regression. The best fit ...
Uribe-Quevedo Alvaro - - 2013
With recent advances in electronics and mechanics, a new trend in interaction is taking place changing how we interact with our environment, daily tasks and other people. Even though sensor based technologies and tracking systems have been around for several years, recently they have become affordable and used in several ...
Abramovitch Amitai - - 2013
Background: Physical exercise is known to produce numerous psychological beneficial effects in healthy and clinical populations. Nevertheless, little is known about the relationship between exercise and ADhD symptoms, let alone among adults with ADhD. this study examines the association between exercise and three ADhD symptoms: (1) behavioral impulsivity; (2) intrusive ...
Yamazaki Fumio - - 2013
The incidence of heat-related illness in the workplace is linked to whether or not workers have acclimated to a hot environment. Heat acclimation improves endurance work performance in the heat and thermal comfort at a given work rate. These improvements are achieved by increased sweating and skin blood flow responses, ...
Carrillo A E - - 2013
Colostrum is the first milk produced by mammalian mothers and is essential for the health and survival of the newborn. Bovine colostrum (BC) has greater concentrations of the bioactive components (i.e. immune and growth factors) than those found in human colostrum. As a result, BC supplementation has been recently adopted ...
van de Weert-van Leeuwen Pauline B PB Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands ; Department of Translational Immunology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands ; Centre for Molecular and Cellular Intervention, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Regular moderate exercise has been suggested to exert anti-inflammatory effects and improve immune effector functions, resulting in reduced disease incidence and viral infection susceptibility. Whether regular exercise also affects bacterial infection susceptibility is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether regular voluntary exercise wheel running prior to ...
Gomez-Pinilla Fernando F Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, UCLA and Department of Neurosurgery, UCLA Brain Injury Research Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. - - 2013
Scientific evidence based on neuroimaging approaches over the last decade has demonstrated the efficacy of physical activity improving cognitive health across the human lifespan. Aerobic fitness spares age-related loss of brain tissue during aging, and enhances functional aspects of higher order regions involved in the control of cognition. More active ...
Powers Corey C Division of Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children's Medical Center Cincinnati, OH, - - 2013
The phospholipid, cardiolipin, is essential for maintaining mitochondrial structure and optimal function. Cardiolipin-deficiency in humans, Barth syndrome, is characterized by exercise intolerance, dilated cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, and 3-methyl-glutaconic aciduria. The causative gene is the mitochondrial acyl-transferase, tafazzin, that is essential for remodeling acyl chains of cardiolipin. We sought to determine metabolic ...
Barbic Skye - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To provide a framework for the conceptualization of emotional vitality as an important construct for rehabilitation professionals. The specific objectives are to outline the existing scope and breadth of knowledge currently available regarding the definition and measurement of emotional vitality in persons with chronic health conditions, and identify the ...
Paulsen Gøran - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate leucocyte markers, CD11b, CD16, CD66b, CD68, myeloperoxidase and neutrophil elastase on skeletal muscle biopsies from biceps brachii after unaccustomed eccentric exercise followed by the second bout of exercise 3 weeks later. The subjects (10 subjects received COX-2 inhibitor (Celecoxib) and 13 subjects ...
Shi Yali - - 2012
Long-term heavy-load exercise can lead to a decrease in the organism’s immune response. In this study, we used 100 Kunming (KM) mice to investigate the immune-regulatory effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLP) on long-term heavy-load exercising mice. Peripheral white blood cells (WBC), the absolute value of neutrophils (NEUT), the phagocytic ...
Buys Roselien - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although sports participation is allowed to most adult patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot, a reduced exercise tolerance and reduced perceived physical functioning is often present in these patients. We aimed to investigate daily physical activity in adults with tetralogy of Fallot and to investigate the underlying determinants of ...
Suijo K - - 2012
Physical exercise has been shown to increase adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus and to enhance synaptic plasticity. It has been demonstrated that these neuroprotective effects can be observed following aerobic exercise. However, it remains unknown whether plasticity molecules, such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein ...
Fakhry Farzin F Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The - - 2012
Exercise therapy is a common intervention for the management of intermittent claudication (IC). However, considerable uncertainty remains about the effect of different exercise components such as intensity, duration, or content of the exercise programs. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of supervised walking therapy (SWT) as ...
Yuen Hon K HK Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2013
To explore the process associated with the motivation for playing Wii Fit among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Individual in-depth semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 14 sedentary African American women with SLE to explore their experiences and reflect on their motivation for playing Wii Fit after completing a ...
Parschau Linda - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Experiencing positive consequences of one's physical activity is supposed to facilitate further activity. This motivational outcome might be generated by an increase in perceived self-efficacy. In addition to such a mediator effect, we examine whether this applies generally or only under conditions of volitional control. For this purpose, perceived ...
Grander Wilhelm - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Exercise capacity in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy has low correlation to resting left ventricular function. Dysfunctional autonomic activity, cardiomechanics and inflammation are associated with exercise capacity but were investigated under inhomogeneous situations. It remains essentially unclear which factor mainly determines exercise capacity in dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: In a prospective, ...
Watanabe Yuya - - 2012
We investigated the effects of low-intensity resistance training on muscle size and strength in old men and women. Thirty five participants (59-76 years old) were randomly assigned into two groups and performed low-intensity (50% of one-repetition maximum) knee extension and flexion exercises with either slow movement and tonic force generation ...
Candow Darren G - - 2013
Postmenopausal women typically experience accelerated muscle loss which has a negative effect on strength. The maximum daily recommended dosage of ibuprofen (1,200 mg) following resistance exercise has been shown to increase muscle hypertrophy and strength in older adults. This study aimed to determine the effects of low-dose ibuprofen (400 mg) immediately following ...
Chandra Navin - - 2012
Cardiac adaptation to intense physical exercise is determined by factors including age, gender, body size, sporting discipline and ethnicity. Differentiating physiology from pathological conditions such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is challenging, but relevant, as HCM remains the commonest cause of sudden death in young athletes. Marked electrocardiographic repolarisation changes and ...
Weisgarber Krissy D - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of whey protein before and during resistance exercise (RE) on body composition and strength in young adults. METHODS: Participants were randomized to ingest whey protein (PRO; 0.3g·kg-1 protein; n=9, 24.58±1.8 yrs, 88.3±17.1 kg, 172.5±8.0 cm) or placebo (PLA; 0.2g·kg-1 corn-starch maltodextrin + 0.1g·kg-1 sucrose; n=8, ...
Shin In-Soo - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of physical exercise programs on individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). This meta-analysis analyzed 67 effect sizes and 14 studies and calculated the standardized mean difference in effect size. The unit of analysis for overall effects was the study, and the ...
Ellis Richard F - - 2012
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:"; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study using a ...
de Lima C - - 2012
The aim of this randomized controlled study was to verify the impact of a 12-weeks muscular endurance (ME) training of high repetitions (i. e., 15-30) with 2 different periodization models on body composition, maximal strength, muscular endurance and cardiorespiratory fitness. Twenty eight sedentary women aged 20-35 years were randomly assigned ...
Donde Aneesh A Human Exposure Laboratory, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
Intermittent moderate-intensity exercise is used in human inhalational exposure studies to increase the effective dose of air pollutants. To investigate the inflammatory, coagulatory, and autonomic effects of intermittent moderate-intensity exercise. We measured hemodynamic, electrocardiographic, inflammatory, and coagulatory parameters in peripheral blood of 25 healthy subjects across an exercise protocol that ...
Harrison Michael - - 2012
Many of the metabolic effects of exercise are due to the most recent exercise session. With recent advances in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMRS), it is possible to gain insight about which lipoprotein particles are responsible for mediating exercise effects. Using a randomized cross-over design, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) ...
Clark Timothy D - - 2012
Evidence is building to suggest that both chronic and acute warm temperature exposure, as well as other anthropogenic perturbations, may select for small adult fish within a species. To shed light on this phenomenon, we investigated physiological and anatomical attributes associated with size-specific responses to an acute thermal challenge and ...
Reis Victor M - - 2011
The use of resistance exercises and of typical strength training methods have been progressively used to control body mass and to promote fat mass loss. The difficulties involved in the energy cost calculation during strength training are associated with the large amount of exercises and their several variations. Mean values ...
Muller Matthew D - - 2011
We sought to determine if cold acclimatized men display higher economy (i.e. lower oxygen consumption at a given workload) during graded cycle ergometry in the cold (5°C). After completing a familiarization trial 1 week prior, five cold weather athletes (CWA) and eight physically active men (NON) underwent graded exercise tests to ...
Palstra Arjan P - - 2011
Improved knowledge on the swimming physiology of fish and its application to fisheries science and aquaculture (i.e., farming a fitter fish) is currently needed in the face of global environmental changes, high fishing pressures, increased aquaculture production as well as increased concern on fish well-being. Here, we review existing data ...
Coza Aurel - - 2011
: Whole-body vibrations are known to affect muscle activity and tissue oxygenation, but some energetic aspects are still poorly understood. This study investigates the effects of whole-body vibration on gastrocnemius muscle oxygen utilization rate and tissue oxygenation dynamics during exercise. : The effects of vibration on gastrocnemius medialis muscle oxygenation ...
Gnanendran Abbyrhamy A Medical School, The Australian National University , - - 2011
We compared the amount of exercise undertaken by medical students, clinicians, and sport scientists with the National Australian Physical Activity (NAPA) Guidelines. A second aim was to compare attitudes to exercise counselling as preventive medicine between university- and clinic-based professionals. The research setting was a university medical school and a ...
Milne Chris - - 2010
One of the major challenges facing today's clinicians is the rising cost of healthcare. Sports and exercise medicine clinicians can address these challenges by making a working diagnosis on clinical grounds and using investigations only selectively. They should also educate their patient about the limits to funding and be prepared ...
Akkerman Moniek - - 2010
To summarize what is currently known about the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) as an objective and independent submaximal measure of cardiorespiratory fitness in health and disease. A literature search was performed within the following electronic databases--PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, and MEDLINE--using the search ...
Edmark L - - 2011
atelectasis is a common consequence of pre-oxygenation with 100% oxygen during induction of anaesthesia. Lowering the oxygen level during pre-oxygenation reduces atelectasis. Whether this effect is maintained during anaesthesia is unknown. during and after pre-oxygenation and induction of anaesthesia with 60%, 80% or 100% oxygen concentration, followed by anaesthesia with ...
Smith S J - - 2010
Pre-oxygenation in the seated (sitting) position has been associated with better oxygenation. This randomised, cross over study compared oxygenation in the supine position with that in the 45° seated position in 40 young, healthy volunteers. Oxygen was administered through a circle system and tight fitting facemask. Transcutaneous P(O)₂ levels were ...
Ridgway Zoe A - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing has a number of medical applications, including the assessment of heart failure and the investigation of unexplained breathlessness. Over the past decade, it has become an important preoperative assessment tool to evaluate functional capacity and predict outcomes in patients undergoing both cardiac and noncardiac surgery. A ...
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