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Higgins M F MF Department of Biomolecular and Sports Science Coventry University, Coventry, UK - - - 2014
Aim: This study investigated the familiarisation to and test re-test reproducibility of constant load cycling at 110% peak power output (WPEAK). Methods: Eleven healthy, but not cycle trained, males performed a graded incremental exercise test to ascertain WPEAK followed by three trials (T1, T2 and T3) at 110% WPEAK to ...
Fröhlich Michael M 1Institute for Sport Science, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany, 2Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, 3Institute for Prevention and Public Health, University of Applied Sciences (DHfPG), Saarbrücken, Germany, and 4Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, - - 2014
Several studies analysed the effectiveness of cold water immersion (CWI) to support recovery after strenuous exercise but the overall results seem to be conflicting. Most of these studies analysed only short-term recovery effects, whereas the adaptational aspect has been widely neglected. Therefore, we analysed the effects of repeated cooling following ...
Soria Marisol M a Pharmacology and Physiology Department, School of Medicine , University of Zaragoza , Zaragoza , - - 2014
Abstract To investigate the effects of sulphurous mineral water (SMW) after a hydroponic treatment on muscle damage, antioxidant activity and peripheral blood changes induced by submaximal exercise. Thirty well-trained male triathletes were supplemented with SMW or placebo: 3 weeks of placebo, 30 days of wash out and 3 weeks of ...
Gois Mariana O MO Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho, Presidente Prudente, SP, - - 2014
Background: Compared to eccentric contractions, concentric contractions result in higher cardiovascular stress. However, we do not know how these two types of contractions influence cardiac autonomic modulation during the post-exercise recovery period. Objective: to compare the effect of resistance training that is performed with concentric vs. eccentric emphasis on muscle ...
Kyrdalen Ingebjørg L IL Vestfold Regional Hospital, Geriatric Ward, Tønsberg, - - 2013
Exercise programs targeting muscle strength and balance can reduce falls. The study aimed to compare the Otago Exercise Program (OEP), originally designed as supervised home training (HT), with the same programme performed as GT, on functional balance and muscle strength, mobility, fall efficacy and self-reported health. A single-blind randomized controlled ...
Little Alex G - - 2013
Limitations to oxygen transport reduce aerobic scope and thereby activity at thermal extremes. Oxygen transport in fish is facilitated to a large extent by cardiac function so that climate variability may reduce fitness by constraining the performance of the heart. In zebrafish (Danio rerio), thyroid hormone (TH) regulates skeletal muscle ...
Rebaï H - - 2013
We aimed to examine the effect of maintaining or reducing resistance training volume during Ramadan-intermittent-fasting (RIF) on short-term maximal performances. 20 footballers (age: 18.4±0.8 years; body-mass: 72.4±4.1 kg; height: 183.4±4.6 cm) were matched and randomly assigned to a normal-training-group (G1) or a tapering-group (G2). They were tested for muscular strength ...
Wan Wenhan W a Laboratory of Cardiovascular Research, University of Texas at San Antonio, 1 UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, - - 2014
The myosin heavy chain isoform MHC-α has 3-fold higher ATPase activity than MHC-β. After myocardial infarction (MI), MHC-α expression is profoundly downregulated and MHC-β expression is reciprocally upregulated. This shift, which is attributed to low thyroid hormone (TH), contributes to myocardial systolic dysfunction. We investigated the effect of post-MI exercise ...
Bird Marie-Louise - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of Pilates exercise on physical fall risk factors 12 months after an initial 5 week Pilates intervention. We hypothesised that ongoing Pilates participation would have a positive effect on physical fall risk factors in those that continued with the Pilates exercise compared with those that ...
Neto R A L - - 2013
Physical exercise increases serum glucocorticoids, which is believed to be involved in the fall of T3 after high intensity exercise. The objective was to evaluate whether a physical exercise session alters the thyroid economy and adrenal axis in humans, and the possible role of corticosteroids in thyroid function disturbance. Active ...
Ray Chester A CA Heart & Vascular Institute and the Department of Cellular & Molecular Physiology, General Clinical Research Center, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
Hyperthyroidism induces marked changes in hemodynamics. Although considerable research has been done to study the effect of hyperthyroidism on the cardiovascular system, few studies have isolated the short-term, nongenomic effects of thyroid hormone on cardiovascular responses to exercise. We used near-infrared spectroscopy to measure muscle oxygenation, Doppler ultrasound to measure ...
Wilk Boguslaw - - 2013
The influence of puberty on sweating patterns of girls exercising in the heat is not known. Nine- to 17-year-old girls, representing 4 stages of breast development: T1 (n = 21); T2 (n = 22); T3 (n = 25); and T4 (n = 22), cycled for 20 min at 60% in ...
Brown Kent - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a clinical condition affecting over 27 million Americans. There is no known cure for OA other than replacing the diseased joint with a joint prosthesis, a process called total knee arthroplasty (TKA). TKA projections for the year 2016 are 1,046,000 and this number is predicted to increase ...
Poliakoff Ellen - - 2013
There is accumulating evidence for the benefits of exercise in Parkinson's disease (PD), but less is known about group exercise interventions. We evaluated the effect of gym-training programme on people with PD. Thirty-two adults with mild to moderate PD, not currently exercising formally, were randomised to an immediate 20-week biweekly ...
Chapman Sandra B SB Center for BrainHealth®, The University of Texas at Dallas Dallas, TX, - - 2013
Physical exercise, particularly aerobic exercise, is documented as providing a low cost regimen to counter well-documented cognitive declines including memory, executive function, visuospatial skills, and processing speed in normally aging adults. Prior aging studies focused largely on the effects of medium to long term (>6 months) exercise training; however, the ...
Crisafulli Antonio - - 2012
Exercise capacity remains lower in heart transplant recipients (HTR) following transplant compared to normal subjects despite improved cardiac function. Moreover, metaboreceptor activity in the muscle has been reported to increase. The aim of the present investigation was to assess exercise capacity together with metaboreflex activity in HTR patients for one ...
Sunderland Kyle L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate how age and one week of conventional resistance exercise affects commonly used housekeeping gene (HKG) mRNAs in skeletal muscle. Ten college-aged (18-25y) and ten older (60-76y) males completed three lower-body resistance exercise bouts on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and muscle samples were ...
Ratamess Nicholas A - - 2012
Few data exist examining the body composition, endocrine, and anaerobic exercise performance changes over a competitive wrestling season. Eighteen NCAA wrestlers were tested for endocrine markers, body composition, hydration, grip strength, and power on four occasions: prior to pre-season training (T1); after pre-season training 3 days prior to the first seasonal ...
Losnegard Thomas - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Long term effects of training are important information for athletes, coaches and scientists when associating changes in physiological indices with changes in performance. Therefore, this study monitored changes in aerobic and anaerobic capacities and performance in a group of elite cross-country skiers during a full sport season. Thirteen male ...
Habeeb Mohammed Baqer - - 2012
The majority of men's sports need high levels of strength and power. The effects of any given type of performance-enhancing substance are mostly directly related to its ergogenic effects (enhanced strength, higher energy production, and better recovery), anabolic potential (increased protein synthesis, especially in muscles), and/or stimulating properties (increased attention ...
Zschucke Elisabeth - - 2012
Exercise and physical activity are constantly gaining attention as adjuvant treatment for substance use disorders, supplementing classical pharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches. The present work reviews studies addressing the therapeutic effects of exercise in alcohol abuse/dependence, nicotine abuse/dependence, and illicit drug abuse/dependence. In the field of smoking cessation, evidence is strong ...
Canuto Karla - - 2012
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women experience higher rates of heart disease and type 2 diabetes than non-Indigenous Australian women. Increasing physical activity, improving diets and losing weight have been shown to reduce cardio metabolic risk. The primary aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 12-week structured exercise and ...
Pietrelli A - - 2011
Recent research involving human and animals has shown that aerobic exercise of moderate intensity produces the greatest benefit on brain health and behavior. In this study we investigated the effects on cognitive function and anxiety-related behavior in rats at different ages of aerobic exercise, performed regularly throughout life. We designed ...
Caldirola Daniela - - 2011
To investigate the possible influence of psychological variables on cardiorespiratory responses and perceived exertion of patients with Panic Disorder (PD) during a submaximal exercise test. Ten outpatients with PD and 10 matched healthy subjects walked up on a treadmill slope at a speed of 4 km/h in order to reach ...
McHugh Joanna E - - 2011
Exercise reduces the likelihood of psychological distress, but this may be due to incidental socializing. We gathered information on exercise, social support and three aspects of psychological distress from 583 community-dwelling older adults. Exercise and social support from friends were both associated with lower scores of depression, anxiety and perceived ...
Costa Marcelo S - - 2011
Physical exercise protocols have varied widely across studies raising the question of whether there is an optimal intensity, duration and frequency that would produce maximal benefits in attenuating symptoms related to anxiety disorders. Although physical exercise causes modifications in neurotransmission systems, the involvement of neuromodulators such as adenosine has not ...
Uysal Nazan - - 2011
Maternal deprivation (MD) may cause neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety disorder by negatively affecting the cognitive functions and behavior in pups. The aim of this study is to investigate whether maternal exercise during pregnancy has beneficial effects on anxiety that increases with MD, and on the levels of VEGF and ...
Hashim Hairul A - - 2011
BACKGROUND. The present study was undertaken to examine the associations between self-determination, exercise habit, anxiety, depression, stress and academic achievement among adolescents aged 13 and 14 years in eastern Malaysia. METHODS. The sample consisted of 750 secondary school students (Mean age = 13.4 years, SD = 0.49). Participants completed self-report ...
Esquivel Gabriel - - 2011
Background: Acute exercise has shown to reduce the effects of experimental panic provocation in healthy volunteers and in patients with panic disorder. Recent evidence suggests that when larger amounts of CO(2) are inhaled, a large proportion of healthy subjects can also develop an affective response consistent with definitions of a ...
Archer Trevor - - 2011
The heterogeneous, chronic, and proliferating aspect of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbidities covers heritability, cognitive, emotional, motor, and everyday behavioral domains that place individuals presenting the condition at some considerable disadvantage. Disruption of "typical developmental trajectories" in the manifestation of gene-environment interactive predispositions implies that ADHD children and ...
Miladi-Gorji Hossein - - 2011
Withdrawal from chronic opiates is associated with an increase in anxiogenic-like behaviours, but the anxiety profile in the morphine-dependent animals is not clear. Thus, one of the aims of the present study was to examine whether morphine-dependent rats would increase the expression of anxiogenic-like behaviours in novel and stressful conditions. ...
Blazquez Alicia - - 2011
The quality of dyadic adjustment is likely to play an important role in patients' relational problems and may also be associated with the clinical presentation of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) symptoms. The objective of this study was (1) to determine whether CFS patients and their partners have similar perceptions of ...
Cacciaglia Raffaele - - 2011
Abstract Objectives. We investigated the effects of voluntary wheel running as model for intervention on the development of contextual fear and hyperarousal in a mouse model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Physical exercise in general has been associated with improved hippocampus-dependent memory performance both in animals and humans. However, studies ...
Yuen H K - - 2011
Fatigue and physical deconditioning are common, difficult to treat conditions among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a home-based exercise program using the Wii Fit system in patients with SLE. Fifteen sedentary African American women with SLE experiencing ...
Lim Jae-Young - - 2011
Lim J-Y, Jang S-N, Park W-B, Oh MK, Kang EK, Paik N-J. Association between exercise and fear of falling in community-dwelling elderly Koreans: results of a cross-sectional public opinion survey. To investigate the association between habitual exercise and fear of falling in an older Korean population. Cross-sectional study conducted in ...
Shields Morgan R - - 2011
The aim of the study was to assess performance on a visual threat-detection task during concurrently performed vigorous exercise on a cycle ergometer. Thirty (15 female) participants completed a baseline condition of seated rest and then moderate- and high-intensity exercise. Moderate- and high-intensity exercise conditions were completed on the 2nd ...
Vollert Craig - - 2011
Our previous work suggests that pharmacological induction of oxidative stress causes anxiety-like behavior in rats. Interestingly, sleep deprivation is reported to cause oxidative damage in the brain and is also reported to be anxiogenic. Minimal mechanistic insights are available. In this study, using a behavioral and biochemical approach, we investigated ...
Smith J Andy - - 2011
Yoga is increasing in popularity, with an estimated 15 million practitioners in the United States, yet there is a dearth of empirical data addressing the holistic benefits of yoga. To compare the physical and mental benefits of an exercise-based yoga practice to that of a more comprehensive yoga practice (one ...
Fardouly J - - 2011
Background:Many obese individuals lose weight to reduce weight stigma; however, little is known about whether other people's attitudes actually improve towards obese individuals after they have lost weight, and whether changes in attitudes depend on the method of weight loss. This study examined changes in people's perceptions of an obese ...
Lovelady Cheryl - - 2011
Excess weight gain during pregnancy and post-partum weight retention are risk factors for obesity. While many studies report average weight retained from pregnancy is only 0·5-3·0 kg; between 14 and 20% of women are 5 kg heavier at 6-18 months post-partum than they were before pregnancy. Among normal-weight women, lactation ...
Guiraud Thibaut - - 2011
: Although the acute physiological responses to continuous exercise have been well documented in CHD patients, no previous study has examined the responses to high-intensity intermittent exercise in these patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the physiological responses to a high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) protocol versus a ...
Mehnert Anja - - 2011
Background: Since physical exercise programs have the potential to help cancer patients regain physical fitness and may exert a range of positive consequences for recovery and psychological well-being, the impact of a physical exercise program was investigated in this prospective study. Patients and Methods: Women with primary nonmetastatic breast cancer ...
Gustafsson Sofia - - 2011
Voluntary physical activities are known to modulate anxiety and depressive/like behaviors in both animals and humans. Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), has been reported to be elevated following exercise. BDNF, as well as type 2 corticotrophin releasing factor receptor (CRFR) 2, has been shown to mediate anxiety-like behavior. In the ...
Sabourin Brigitte C - - 2011
Anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of arousal sensations) is a risk factor for mental and physical health problems, including physical inactivity. Because of the many mental and physical health benefits of exercise, it is important to better understand why high-AS individuals may be less likely to exercise. The present study's aim ...
Rosenbaum Simon - - 2011
The physical wellbeing of people with mental health conditions can often be overlooked in order to treat the primary mental health condition as a priority. Exercise however, can potentially improve both the primary psychiatric condition as well as physical measures that indicate risk of other conditions such as diabetes mellitus ...
Liang Y - - 2010
We report a patient who presents with McArdle's disease at the age of 79. M. E. presents with a 5-year history of leg muscle fatigue on exertion and worsening exercise tolerance. She has difficulty rising from a chair and climbing stairs. She also experiences the "second wind" phenomenon with improved ...
Mameletzi Dimitra - - 2011
To investigate whether a structured long-term exercise training programme in patients with coronary artery disease affects baroreflex function and cardiorespiratory efficiency. Twenty-five elderly male patients with coronary artery disease. The patients were randomized into exercise (group A) or control group (group B). Group A followed a seven-month supervised exercise programme, ...
Chaudhry Sundeep S Research and Development Department, MET-TEST, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2010
Evidence demonstrating the potential value of noninvasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to accurately detect exercise-induced myocardial ischemia is emerging. This case-based concept report describes CPET abnormalities in an asymptomatic at-risk man with suspected early-stage ischemic heart disease. When CPET was repeated 1 year after baseline assessment, his cardiovascular function had ...
BudzyƄski Jacek - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between exercise-provoked esophageal motility disorders and the prognosis for patients with chest pain. The study involved 63 subjects with recurrent angina-like chest pain non-responsive to empirical therapy with proton pump inhibitor (PPI). In all, a coronary artery angiography, panendoscopy, 24-h esophageal pH-metry and manometry, as well ...
Desch S - - 2010
We conducted a three-arm, parallel-group, randomized, controlled trial to compare the effects of rosiglitazone and physical exercise on endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease and impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance over a 6-month period. Group A received rosiglitazone tablets 8 mg daily (n = 16), group ...
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