Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 848
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Altinbas Ahmet - - 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate the angiographic predictors of exercise induced ischemia in patients with isolated coronary ectasia. We have prospectively analysed coronary angiograms of 1521 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheterisation. The overall incidence of coronary ectasia was 6.7% (102 patients). Forty-six patients (3%) with non-obstructive, diffuse ...
Ketterer Mark W - - 2004
In equal sized samples, a strong association between a positive Family History of Early Coronary Heart Disease (FamHx) and early Age at Initial Diagnosis (AAID) was found only for males, and thus all further analyses were restricted to males. All three scales of the self-report version of the Ketterer Stress ...
Hedman Anders - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Decreased right ventricular (RV) function is a known echocardiographic finding after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). For patients with heart failure, RV dysfunction is a predictor of poor exercise capacity. The significance and time course of RV dysfunction and its relation to exercise capacity after CABG have not been ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2004
The exercise test has a high yield of diagnostic, prognostic, and functional information and continues to have an integral place in cardiovascular medicine. Its two most common clinical uses are to estimate the probability of a patient having coronary disease and to estimate the likelihood of future coronary events. Although ...
Vörös T - - 2004
A software tool has been developed to support the objective diagnosis of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD). Patients completed hand exercises using a personal computer mouse and data has been gathered for further studies. We have analyzed different parameters and suggest using a particular parameter vector containing median and standard ...
Gullestad Lars - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Maximal exercise capacity is limited in patients after heart transplantation. The extent to which transplant coronary artery disease contributes to exercise intolerance in these patients has not been well defined. METHODS: This prospective study examined exercise capacity among 174 heart transplant recipients who underwent 358 exercise tests 0.3 to ...
Diderholm Erik - - 2003
BACKGROUND: An early invasive approach after an episode of unstable coronary artery disease has beneficial effects on mortality and myocardial infarction, but its effects on exercise capacity and ischemia have not been investigated. METHODS: In the Fast Revascularisation during InStability in Coronary disease (FRISC) II trial, 2457 patients with unstable ...
Vissing John - - 2003
We investigated whether the second wind phenomenon (ie, a decrease in heart rate and perceived exertion during exercise) is pathognomonic for McArdle's disease. Twenty-four patients with McArdle's disease, 17 healthy subjects, and 25 patients with other inborn errors of muscle metabolism cycled a constant workload for 15 minutes. In McArdle's ...
Fabre F - - 2003
ABSTRACT Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) damage to winter cereals and population dynamics of the aphid Rhopalosiphum padi during fall were monitored in fields during 10 years at various locations in the northern half of France. Logistic regression was used to examine whether a simple risk probability algorithm based only ...
Dinckal Mustafa Hakan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the effect of homocysteine-lowering therapy (HLT) on endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDD) and exercise performance in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among the patients who were on the waiting list for coronary intervention, 26 male patients (plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels > 15 ...
Morise Anthony P - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine how well recently developed multivariables scores assess for all-cause mortality in patients with suspected coronary disease presenting for exercise electrocardiography (ExECG). BACKGROUND: Recently revised American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for ExECG have suggested that ExECG scores be used to assist in management decisions in patients ...
Oder Terrence F - - 2003
Physicians routinely recommend hand squeezing exercises for end-stage renal disease patients with newly placed arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) to increase the rate of fistula maturation. However, this practice has never been shown to actually work. To determine whether hand squeezing has an acute effect on fistula diameter, we examined 23 patients ...
Brown Margaret D - - 2003
In this review the evidence for structural adaptations of the coronary circulation in the healthy adult heart in response to exercise and training is examined. Previously, it was thought that expansion of the coronary arteries and resistance vasculature occurred without angiogenesis. Detailed studies of the time course of coronary vascular ...
Merkus Daphne - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Exercise-induced vasodilation is thought to be mediated through various vasodilator substances, but blunting the influence of vasoconstrictors such as ET may also play a role. However, the role of ET and its receptors in the regulation of systemic, pulmonary and coronary vascular resistance is incompletely understood. The aim of ...
Ferencik Maros - - 2003
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare scoring threshold and calibration method-dependent accuracy and variability of coronary calcium measurements by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). METHODS: Ninety-five subjects were scanned with MDCT. We calculated Agatston score and volume score. Mineral mass (MM) was calculated using patient-based and scanner-based calibration methods. Accuracy of calibration ...
Peteiro J - - 2003
AIMS: Although peak exercise echocardiography has been reported for both bicycle and treadmill exercise and has shown higher sensitivity than post-exercise imaging, little is known about its utility for identifying multivessel involvement. We sought to compare feasibility and accuracy of peak treadmill exercise echocardiography vs post-exercise echocardiography for identification of ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2003
Recent diagnostic and therapeutic advances have been questioning the role of exercise electrocardiography (ECG) for risk stratification of patients recovering from an acute coronary syndrome. The aim of this review was to verify whether evidence still exists supporting the use of exercise ECG as first choice stress testing modality in ...
Thompson Paul D. - - 2003
There are compelling epidemiologic and clinical data demonstrating that regular physical activity reduces the incidence of atherosclerotic vascular disease. The hypothesis that exercise decreases atherosclerotic coronary heart disease has never been directly tested in a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Nevertheless, there are sufficient data to recommend that adults should routinely ...
Bowles D K - - 2003
Substantial evidence exists supporting the role of chronic exercise in reducing the incidence and severity of coronary vascular disease. Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease suggesting that the cardioprotective effect of exercise is due, in part, to an intrinsic adaptation within the coronary vasculature. Surprisingly, ...
Van De Water Joseph M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the following: (1) the intramethod variability of impedance cardiography (ICG) cardiac output (CO) measurements via the latest generation monitor and thermodilution CO measurements (CO-TDs); (2) the intermethod comparison of ICG CO and CO-TD; and (3) comparisons of the intergeneration ICG CO equation to CO-TD, using the latest ...
Indolfi Ciro - - 2003
Restenosis is the principal drawback of percutaneous coronary procedures. Until now, the only widely accepted way to reduce restenosis rate has been the stent. However, clinical restenosis still represents the major limitation of this technology. This article summarizes recent laboratory and clinical investigations concerning the mechanisms responsible for the transmission ...
Williams J Koudy - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Exercise reduces the risk for coronary heart disease. However, the mechanisms mediating the beneficial effects of exercise remain ambiguous. In particular, it is uncertain whether exercise inhibits the development of atherosclerosis, a major pathobiologic process underlying heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: To address this question, adult male monkeys were ...
de Baar M - - 2003
Zero-balanced ultrafiltration (ZBUF) might reduce the systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by removing inflammatory mediators. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of ZBUF on postoperative serum S100b levels, a marker of neuronal injury. In addition, the possible effects of ZBUF on postoperative neurocognitive ...
Koller Arnold - - 2003
Cardiac troponin I and T are potent tools for risk stratification and clinical decision-making for patients in the appropriate clinical setting of an acute coronary syndrome. Although these findings are relevant to patients with a typical clinical presentation, caution should be exercised in generalizing the results to troponin-positive athletes with ...
Dent John M - - 2003
Though initially challenging, the process of determining appropriate levels of exercise for patients with congenital heart disease can be broken down into several practical steps: List 1: Summary of approach to CHD patients and exercise Get the records: Surgical reports, diagnostic test results, office visits, admissions [table: see text] Obtain ...
Armen Joseph - - 2003
Physical inactivity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Regular aerobic and resistance training increases exercise capacity and plays a role both in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Patients with coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, or diabetes mellitus must be considered individually when prescribing exercise because ...
Gielen Stephan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In a randomized study, we recently documented that a vigorous, hospital-based exercise training (ET) program improves coronary endothelial function in coronary artery disease. The aim of this consecutive study was to assess whether a home-based exercise program with reduced average training duration can sustain previously achieved effects on coronary ...
Apple Fred S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study determined the prevalence of increased cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and T (cTnT) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and whether an increased troponin was predictive of death. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum was obtained from 733 ESRD patients and measured for cTnI and cTnT. Relative risks were estimated ...
Gardner John W - - 2002
We identified 215 exercise-related deaths in U.S. military personnel on active duty during 1996-1999. The most complete case information was for active duty Army personnel during 1998-1999, providing an exercise-related death rate of 4.3 per 100,000 person-years (41/963,000) and accounting for 6% of Army deaths (14 during physical fitness testing). ...
Libonati Joseph R - - 2002
Exercise has many benefits, but it is not completely risk-free. Many factors can contribute to cardiac events during exercise, including coronary artery disease (CAD) and nonatherosclerotic causes such as anomalous coronary arteries, myocardial bridging, and vasculitis. Myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death are the two major problems in older patients ...
Chen Jaw-Wen - - 2002
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition has been shown to improve clinical myocardial ischemia in patients with syndrome X (angina pectoris, positive treadmill exercise test, normal coronary angiograms, and no evidence of coronary spasm). This study was conducted to investigate the effects of long-term ACE inhibitors on endothelial nitric oxide (NO) metabolism ...
Domenech Raúl - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that exercise induces myocardial preconditioning in dogs. METHODS: We instrumented dogs with a snare on the anterior descending coronary artery and catheters in the root of the aorta, left ventricular cavity and coronary sinus. After recovering from surgery the dogs were trained to stay in ...
Ashley Euan - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: The application of common statistical techniques to clinical and exercise test data has the potential to become a useful tool for assisting in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, assessing prognosis, and reducing the cost of evaluating patients with suspected coronary disease. Since general practitioners function as gatekeepers and ...
Wamhoff B R - - 2002
Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, yet the mechanism(s) of exercise-related cardioprotection remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that coronary smooth muscle after exercise training would have decreased mitogen-induced phenotypic modulation and enhanced regulation of nuclear Ca(2+). Yucatan swine were endurance exercise trained (EX) on ...
Maier Willibald - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Stenting has proved beneficial for treating threatened closure and reducing restenosis after balloon angioplasty. However, the implantation of a coronary metallic prosthesis has been related to impaired vasomotion distal to the stent as assessed by acetylcholine infusion. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine the vasomotion ...
Tune Johnathan D - - 2002
This study tested whether diabetes mellitus impairs coronary blood flow control sufficiently to alter the balance between myocardial oxygen delivery and metabolism. Dogs (n = 7) were instrumented with catheters in the aorta and coronary sinus, and with a flow transducer on the circumflex coronary artery. Coronary blood flow, myocardial ...
Tune Johnathan D - - 2002
This study tested whether ATP-dependent K(+) channels (K(ATP) channels) are an important mechanism of functional coronary hyperemia in conscious, instrument-implanted diabetic dogs. Data were collected at rest and during exercise before and after induction of diabetes with alloxan monohydrate (40-60 mg/kg intravenously). K(ATP) channels were inhibited with glibenclamide (1 mg/kg ...
Sagiv Michael - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of aerobic exercise training on the immune system in coronary artery disease patients treated with beta-blockers. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (46.1 +/- 2 yr) treated with atenolol, a beta-blocker agent, for 3 months before exercising were divided randomly into ...
Tune Johnathan D - - 2002
Under normal physiological conditions, coronary blood flow is closely matched with the rate of myocardial oxygen consumption. This matching of flow and metabolism is physiologically important due to the limited oxygen extraction reserve of the heart. Thus, when myocardial oxygen consumption is increased, as during exercise, coronary vasodilation and increased ...
Lipinski Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare exercise test scores and ST measurements with a physician's estimation of the probability of the presence and severity of angiographic disease and the risk of death. The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association exercise testing guidelines provide equations to calculate treadmill scores and recommend ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Exercise capacity is known to be an important prognostic factor in patients with cardiovascular disease, but it is uncertain whether it predicts mortality equally well among healthy persons. There is also uncertainty regarding the predictive power of exercise capacity relative to other clinical and exercise-test variables. METHODS: We studied ...
Horimoto Masashi - - 2002
A case of microvascular angina accompanied by coronary artery spasm is described. A 54-year-old woman had anginal pain at rest and during exercise. Both exercise testing and rapid atrial pacing caused significant ST depression in the inferior and all precordial leads. Exercise thallium myocardial scintigraphy was negative despite similar ST ...
Kingwell Bronwyn A - - 2002
1. Large artery stiffness, or its inverse, compliance, determines pulse pressure, which, in turn, influences myocardial work capacity and coronary perfusion, both of which impact on exercise capacity and cardiovascular risk. 2. In support of a role for arterial properties in exercise performance, aerobically trained athletes (aged 30-59 years) have ...
Yavuzgil Oguz - - 2002
Thromboembolism is still one of the most important complications of prosthetic heart valves. Embolism to a major coronary branch is rare, but acute proximal occlusions can be fatal, even when the coronary arteries are otherwise normal and intervention is rapid. We report a fatal complication of an exercise test in ...
Shetler K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to validate the prognostic value of the drop in heart rate (HR) after exercise, compare it to other test responses, evaluate its diagnostic value and clarify some of the methodologic issues surrounding its use. BACKGROUND: Studies have highlighted the value of a new ...
Hadithi M - - 2001
The investigation for a plausible explanation of the development of massive spontaneous hemothorax during exercise in two patients led to the disclosure of two different malignancies. The first patient (pleural fibrosarcoma) passed away shortly after diagnosis. The second patient is alive without signs of disease (peripheral neuro-ectodermal tumor, PNET) since ...
Ramires J A - - 2001
Coronary flow reserve is mainly influenced by the combination of luminal stenosis and vascular dilation capacity. Thus, after statin treatment, the reduction of ischemic threshold in patients submitted to exercise testing could be intensely influenced by angiographic severity. In this study, we verify the effect of statin treatment on exercise-induced ...
Lipinski M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The recent American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association exercise testing guidelines provided equations to calculate treadmill scores and recommended their use to improve the predictive accuracy of the standard exercise test. However, if physicians can estimate the probability of coronary artery disease as well as the scores can, there ...
Lanza G A - - 2001
AIMS: To assess platelet aggregability at rest and in response to exercise in patients with cardiac syndrome X (anginal chest pain, ST-segment depression on exercise, angiographically normal coronary arteries). METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a symptom/sign-limited exercise test in 31 patients with syndrome X, 25 patients with coronary artery disease ...
Kurl S - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Systolic blood pressure (SBP) during exercise has been found to predict a future diagnosis of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and cardiovascular disease death. No studies have been conducted to show a relationship between SBP during exercise test and stroke. The aim of the present study was to ...
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