Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 849
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Becker, Dietmar
Infiltration of the arterial vessel wall with monocytes is one of the initial inflammatory events. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is the key chemokine for the recruitment of monocytes to the atherosclerotic lesion. So far, it is unknown, if strenuous exercise enhances or reduces the release of MCP-1, the key initiator ...
Laukkanen Jari A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: No data exist on exercise workload combined with European Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) with respect to death from cardiovascular diseases and other causes. We therefore investigated the prognostic significance of risk scores and exercise capacity with respect to cardiovascular diseases. DESIGN: A population-based follow-up study. METHODS: Exercise workload ...
Piperidou Eleana - - 2008
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) remains the most common cause of death and disability in many developed and developing countries. The evidence presented so far, clearly shows that exercise training leads to favourable improvements in exercise capacity, lipid levels, weight and psychosocial variables for CHD patients. Nevertheless, despite recommendations and government ...
Inbar O - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine by means of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) whether dilating blocked coronary arteries in patients with coronary heart disease will improve relevant attributes measured during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). METHODS: Fourteen myocardial ischemia patients (13 male, 1 female; age range: 42-72 ...
Martinuzzi Andrea - - 2008
McArdle's disease causes limitation in exercise capacity as well as disability, the severity of which has been associated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion (I)/deletion (D) haplotype-patients with the genotype associated with higher ACE activity show the most severe phenotype. Modulation of ACE activity through the use of inhibitors may ...
Müller H - - 2008
To assess the diagnostic performance of per-exercise echocardiography using a recent tilt table to investigate for coronary artery disease with a significance threshold for stenosis > or =70%. 104 consecutive patients (93 men) referred for elective coronary angiography underwent tilt table exercise echocardiography in which second harmonic imaging was used ...
Lan Ching - - 2008
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the developed countries and many developing countries. Exercise training is the cornerstone of cardiac rehabilitation program for patients with CHD, and exercise intensities in the 50-70% heart rate reserve have been shown to improve functional capacity. However, recent studies ...
McCrate Mary E - - 2008
Physical exercise exerts a wide range of benefits on an organism's overall health and well-being. Exercise contributes positively toward an individual's healthy weight, muscle strength, immune system, and cardiovascular health. Indeed, exercise has been demonstrated to reduce life-threatening conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. Of ...
Morales Julio - - 2008
Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium, a parasitic disease that affects humans and rurally bred pigs in developing countries. The cysticercus may localize in the central nervous system of the human, causing neurocysticercosis, the most severe and frequent form of the disease. There appears to be an association between the ...
Lauer Michael S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The exercise treadmill test is recommended for risk stratification among patients with intermediate to high pretest probability of coronary artery disease. Posttest risk stratification is based on the Duke treadmill score, which includes only functional capacity and measures of ischemia. OBJECTIVE: To develop and externally validate a post-treadmill test, ...
Kalaga Ravishankar V - - 2007
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute cardiac events and occurs most frequently in the peripartum period. Coronary artery dissection related to exercise is even more unusual, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We report a case of acute coronary artery dissection related to ...
Regula Jens Ulrich - - 2007
A 33-year-old woman developed exercise-induced limb and trunk dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuations. Treatment with levodopa improved her symptoms considerably but incompletely. Molecular genetic analysis revealed a mutation in GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1). This report illustrates the variability of Segawa disease and underlines the importance of a levodopa test in ...
Middleton Laura E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether exercise confounds the relationship between folate and cerebrovascular events, all-cause dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Multiple centers in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: In the Canadian Study of Health and Aging, 466 people reported exercise levels, had folate measurements, and were not demented at baseline. ...
Pérez Margarita - - 2007
We report the exercise capacity of an 8-year-old boy with clinical, histological, biochemical, and genetic evidence of McArdle disease. The patient presented with severe myalgia, proteinuria, hematuria, pyrexia, and elevated creatine kinase after swimming. After pre-exercise ingestion of sucrose, he performed treadmill exercise to symptom limitation. His peak oxygen uptake ...
Bittar Mohamad N - - 2007
Interleukin-4 exerts anti-inflammatory effects through decreased macrophage production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta. We investigated genetic predisposition in the interleukin-4 response to coronary revascularization and studied the association between C-590T polymorphism, interleukin-4 levels, and outcome of surgery. DNA was obtained from 96 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary revascularization. ...
Pontone Gianluca - - 2007
AIM: We evaluated the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography in detecting coronary artery disease and how it could change the indication to coronary angiography in patients with suspected cardiac chest pain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 142 consecutive patients who had already performed an exercise electrocardiogram test referred to our ...
Michaelides Andreas P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The accuracy of treadmill exercise testing to detect coronary artery disease is limited in women. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether QRS score can improve the accuracy of treadmill exercise testing in women. METHODS: The study population consisted of 114 women with angina-like symptoms, who underwent both treadmill ...
Goldhammer Ehud - - 2007
PURPOSE: The effect of gender on paraoxonase activity was determined in 37 ischemic heart disease patients who underwent a 12-week aerobic exercise training program. METHODS: Paraoxonase activity was measured by its arylesterase activity (spectrophotometrically, at 250 degrees C, wavelength 270 nm). RESULTS: A 16.7% increase in paraoxonase activity was found ...
Patel Sanjay - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic obesity syndrome characterized by hyperphagia, behavioural disturbance and intellectual disability. PWS appears to be associated with a high incidence of sudden death, suspected to be cardiopulmonary in origin. We therefore sought to provide an assessment of cardiac and vascular structure and function in ...
Goss Fredric L - - 2007
The purposes of this investigation were to identify a zone of normality for ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and to compare the RPE responses in patients with coronary artery disease to this zone. The zone was generated from RPE estimated during the last minute of each stage of a Bruce ...
Zbinden Rainer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In humans, it is not known whether physical endurance exercise training promotes coronary collateral growth. The following hypotheses were tested: the expected collateral flow reduction after percutaneous coronary intervention of a stenotic lesion is prevented by endurance exercise training; collateral flow supplied to an angiographically normal coronary artery improves ...
Matschke K K Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center Dresden, Technical University, Dresden, - - 2007
To examine how a one-time bolus injection of radiographic contrast media (RCM; iodixanol 320 and iomeprol 350) into the left coronary artery of six pigs affects tissue oxygen tension in the artery's supply area (pO(2 )LAD) compared to a 0.9% sodium-chloride (NaCl) bolus. Each animal received a total of three ...
Farsidfar Farsid - - 2008
It is known that regular exercise training improves endothelial dysfunction in coronary artery disease, but, little is known concerning different intensities of acute exercise on endothelial function. We evaluated anaerobic threshold and peak oxygen uptake level of acute exercise on flow-mediated dilatation in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Endothelium-independent ...
Suzuki Shigeru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure the patient entrance skin dose (ESD) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO), and assess the factors that affect it. METHODS AND RESULTS: Radiosensitive indicators were used to measure ESDs during 23 procedures. Multiple regression analysis identified the ...
Kizilbash Mohammad Ali - - 2007
We tested whether slower heart rate recovery (HRR) following graded exercise treadmill testing (GXT) was associated with the presence of coronary artery calcium (CAC). Participants (n = 2,648) ages 18-30 years at baseline examination underwent GXT, followed by CAC screening 15 years later. Slow HRR was not associated with higher ...
Togni Mario - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) have been shown to reduce the rate of restenosis and the need for repeated revascularization procedures compared with bare metal stents. However, long-term effects of paclitaxel on vascular function are unknown. The purpose of the present study was to assess coronary vasomotor response to exercise after ...
Goel Radha - - 2007
Aerobic activity performed on a regular basis is 1 of several lifestyle recommendations endorsed to reduce risk of coronary disease. However, 1 potential concern of arduous aerobic activity is exercise-induced hypertension. This is the first case to our knowledge, of accelerated coronary calcification in an otherwise asymptomatic middle-aged male marathon ...
Geluk Christiane A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic subjects at intermediate coronary risk may need diagnostic testing for risk stratification. Both measurement of coronary calcium scores and exercise testing are well established tests for this purpose. However, it is not clear which test should be preferred as initial diagnostic test. We evaluated the prevalence of documented ...
Lucia Alejandro - - 2007
We report a 29-year-old patient with McArdle's disease and myasthenia gravis. She had been debilitated with McArdle's disease since childhood (with marked rhabdomyolysis) and was obese. Myasthenia gravis was diagnosed at 24 years of age. After 3 months of aerobic exercise training, her exercise capacity increased significantly and she regained ...
Gulmez Oyku - - 2007
Some aspirin-treated patients experience thromboembolic events, a phenomenon termed 'aspirin resistance', which may be clinical or biochemical by definition. Physical exercise is known to enhance platelet secretion and aggregability. To evaluate the presence of biochemical aspirin resistance at rest and immediately after exercise in individuals with stable coronary artery disease ...
Skeppholm Mika - - 2007
TAFI was measured as relative activity concentration (Pefakit) and antigen concentration (Haemochrom and Asserachrom) both acutely and during convalescence in patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome, and in a group of healthy controls. There was a rather weak but significant correlation between the activity and antigen concentrations. The results obtained ...
Sumanen Markku - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is very common among elderly people. OBJECTIVE: To specify the diagnostic value of bicycle exercise tests conducted for elderly patients by trained general practitioners in primary health care. METHODS: We performed a 2-year follow-up study at the Kangasala Health Centre, Finland. The study population comprised ...
Rubio Juan C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: McArdle disease is a common metabolic disorder characterized by marked exercise intolerance, premature fatigue during exertion, myalgia, and cramps. Despite the wide knowledge of the molecular basis of McArdle disease, few studies have used a physiological approach or explored the possibility of improving the exercise capacity of these patients. ...
Jae Sae Young - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Slow heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is an estimate of impaired parasympathetic tone and predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Carotid atherosclerosis is associated with high risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. We tested the hypothesis that slow HRR is associated with carotid atherosclerosis in ...
Sbarouni Eftihia - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) plasma levels change during exercise stress testing (EST) in patients with known coronary artery disease and whether the induced changes differ between positive and negative exercise tests. BACKGROUND: Ischemia modified albumin is considered a marker of myocardial ischemia and increases after coronary angioplasty ...
D'Amore Sandra - - 2006
Current guidelines recommend targeting the intensity of preventive cardiovascular interventions to the level of the patient's risk, which is usually obtained from a global risk score such as the Framingham equations. However, a large proportion of asymptomatic U.S. women (approximately 80-90%) are classified as low risk by the Framingham score, ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Interatrial block (P waves > or = 110 ms) is thought to be associated with underlying myocardial ischemia during exercise but has not been extensively investigated in patients with suboptimal or borderline exercise tolerance tests (< 3 min exercise). We utilized coronary angiography to assess the relationship of both, ...
Peteiro J - - 2006
The publisher regrets that this was an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Eur. J. Echocardiogr., 4 (2003) 182-190, . The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
Zagatina Angela - - 2007
Development of optimal methods for the objective non-invasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease remains a challenge for imaging techniques in stress tests. AIM: The aim of this study was to obtain quantitative diagnostic criteria TDI which could detect significant coronary artery disease during exercise echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated ...
Pop Gheorghe A M - - 2006
In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ischemia may occur due to massive heart weight, myocyte disarray or small vessel disease. We detected elevated troponin levels in some of these patients and hypothesized that troponin release would rise after exercise and diminish after betablockade. In 5 of 7 young patients (6 males) ...
Nadziakiewicz P - - 2006
Nitric oxide (NO) is present in exhaled air in humans and its level may decrease in heart diseases. Nitrates are metabolised to NO. In the present study we prospectively investigated how coronary disease treated with oral nitrates and physical exercise influence the exhaled NO concentration (exNO). The study was performed ...
Perez M - - 2006
The case is reported of a 78 year old man with McArdle's disease and a history of treated coronary heart disease. Despite the pre-exercise administration of sucrose allowing the patient to exercise with normal physiological responses, and without typical McArdle's symptoms or biochemical evidence of muscle damage, his exercise capacity ...
Kuliczkowski Wiktor - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aspirin failure (resistance) is a still discussed and highly studied problem. This phenomenon is observed in rest, but could be precipitated by an exercise. The aspirin resistance was also linked with the inflammatory process which is a key event for the atherosclerosis development. Platelets seem to play an ...
Schumacher Anita - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease as well as major cardiovascular risk factors are associated with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory markers. There is, however, limited information about how changes in lifestyle improving the cardiovascular risk profile influence these levels. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether changes in lifestyle measures ...
Hirth Asle - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for patients with congenital heart disease. The aim of this paper is to provide a consensus document for participation in competitive or leisure sport activity in children and adults with congenital heart disease. METHODS: The recommendations are based on expert consensus meetings, personal experience of ...
Merkus Daphne - - 2006
Coronary blood flow is controlled via several vasoactive mediators that exert their effect on coronary resistance vessel tone through activation of K(+) channels in vascular smooth muscle. Because Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)(+)) channels are the predominant K(+) channels in the coronary vasculature, we hypothesized that K(Ca)(+) channel activation contributes to exercise-induced ...
Dall'Armellina Erica - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Because most daily activities are conducted at submaximal exercise level, treatments are implemented to improve submaximal coronary artery blood flow (CABF). We sought to validate the reproducibility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging measurements of submaximal CABF. METHODS: We measured CABF in the left anterior descending artery in 11 healthy ...
Katritsis Demosthenes G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) may yield false-negative results in up to 12% of lesions tested, and there is a zone of uncertainty at borderline values. METHODS: Forty-eight patients were investigated by means of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), coronary angiography, and FFR assessment of 48 coronary lesions before, during, and ...
Corrado Domenico - - 2006
Vigorous physical exercise may precipitate acute fatalities in both adults and young competitive athletes with concealed heart diseases. However, the risk-benefit ratio of physical exercise differs among these two age groups. In adults, physical activity can be regarded as a 'double-edged sword': vigorous exertion increases the incidence of acute coronary ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >