Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 850
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Ciuffetti G - - 1989
The quantitative and qualitative behavior of hemorheologic factors both at rest and after treadmill exercise in 30 male patients with stage II peripheral vascular disease compared with 20 sex- and age-matched healthy controls have been studied. The aim of our study was to identify functional rheologic markers for peripheral vascular ...
Eidt J F - - 1989
We have previously shown in anesthetized, open-chest dogs with coronary stenosis and endothelial injury that serotonin and/or thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptor activation play a major role in the mediation of platelet-dependent, intermittent coronary occlusion. Using a similar model in awake, closed-chest dogs, we tested the following hypotheses: (a) treadmill exercise ...
Lyons J - - 1989
Phase and amplitude analysis was applied to intravenous digital left ventriculograms to avoid the artefacts associated with image subtraction. Eight controls and 40 patients with known coronary artery disease underwent digital left ventriculography before and after a symptom limited supine bicycle exercise test. The resultant images were subjected to phase ...
Hartz A - - 1989
Results were compiled from the literature on the use of the exercise tolerance test to identify patients with severe coronary artery disease. Pooled estimates of sensitivity and specificity were derived for the ability of the exercise tolerance test to identify three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease. There was great ...
Tubau J F - - 1989
Hypertension and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy are independent risk factors for the development of coronary artery disease. To determine whether patients at higher risk for coronary artery disease can be identified, 40 asymptomatic hypertensive men with LV hypertrophy were prospectively studied using exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy and exercise radionuclide angiography. Endpoints ...
Youngman D J - - 1989
The accuracy of exercise testing for detection of coronary artery disease in a population with a high incidence of claudication was evaluated in 58 consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms or lower extremity occlusive disease. Each patient was evaluated by history and physical examination, symptom-limited testing with exercise treadmill, arm ...
Homans D C - - 1989
To determine whether progressive regional myocardial dysfunction occurs after repetitive episodes of exercise-induced ischemia, 10 dogs were instrumented with ultrasonic microcrystals for determination of regional myocardial wall thickening, circumflex artery electromagnetic flow probes, and hydraulic coronary artery occluders. Dogs performed treadmill exercise in the presence of a coronary artery stenosis, ...
Ades P A - - 1989
Exercise capacity increases to a variable degree in coronary patients during cardiac rehabilitation. The effect of baseline exercise-induced ischemia on the response to a 12-week conditioning program was evaluated in 106 coronary patients. The magnitude of exercise conditioning response was greater in nonischemic patients than in ischemic patients, with maximal ...
Roig E - - 1989
Ultrafast computed tomography permits the assessment of global and regional left ventricular function during exercise. To evaluate the feasibility of using this new technique for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, 27 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization for diagnosis of chest pain were evaluated. Fifteen patients had significant (greater than 50%) ...
Dai X Z - - 1989
This study was carried out to determine the relative importance of alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenergic vasoconstriction in opposing the increase in coronary blood flow, which occurs during exercise. The response of left circumflex coronary artery blood flow was examined during treadmill exercise in 16 chronically instrumented dogs during control ...
Butler R M - - 1989
Exercise programs can be used to improve functional capacity, lower the myocardial energy cost of performing work, and favorably alter one's cardiovascular risk profile. In addition, a large body of data support the role of exercise in the primary prevention of coronary heart disease. Standardized exercise programs are safe and ...
Deligonul U - - 1989
The prognostic value of early exercise testing after successful coronary angioplasty was determined in 196 and 225 consecutive patients with single-vessel and multivessel coronary disease, respectively, who underwent a symptom-limited exercise test within 30 days of the procedure. The incidence of exercise-induced ST segment depression greater than or equal to ...
Bruce R A - - 1989
Sudden cardiac incapacitation occurring during critically stressful circumstances in men engaged in a variety of occupations may compromise public safety. Since the primary cause of this incapacitation is usually heart disease, more effective medical screening has been advocated. We report the annual incidence of sudden cardiac incapacitation in four clinical ...
DiCarlo S E - - 1989
The effect of daily exercise on the coronary resistance vessel sensitivity to intracoronary infusion of several pharmacological agents was assessed in 12 conscious adult mongrel dogs. alpha-Adrenergic receptor agonists (norepinephrine and phenylephrine) significantly decreased coronary blood flow velocity. beta 2-Adrenergic receptor agonists (isoproterenol and zinterol) and a metabolic vasodilator (adenosine) ...
White F C - - 1989
We determined coronary collateral vasodilator reserve during exercise-induced ischemia in 17 mini-swine. We induced coronary collateral development in the left circumflex bed by placing an ameroid occluder on that artery. Four weeks later we studied the animals at rest and during exercise (EX) eliciting heart rates (HR) of 240 and ...
Edlund A - - 1989
Coronary flow regulation in man is incompletely understood. We addressed the hypothesis that endogenous adenosine and prostacyclin (PGI2) affect basal coronary tone and/or the coronary flow response to increased myocardial work. In healthy volunteers coronary sinus flow and cardiac oxygen extraction were measured at rest and during leg exercise (40-50 ...
Channer K S - - 1988
Thirty-six patients with angina were investigated by treadmill exercise testing and coronary angiography prior to coronary artery surgery. Severity of angina was judged by interview and self-assessment visual analogue scale and all patients were psychiatrically assessed. Further physical and psychiatric assessments were made at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Eleven ...
Froelicher V F - - 1988
Numerous investigators have demonstrated that responses to exercise testing enable prediction of the severity of underlying coronary disease and the patient's prognosis. However, exercise testing cannot predict angiographic findings or a poor prognosis with absolute certainty. Because survival can only be improved in specific clinical subsets of patients, it is ...
Mody F V - - 1988
The relation of silent ischemia in patients with stable angina to known predictors of severity of coronary disease on exercise stress testing and coronary angiography is poorly defined. This issue was therefore examined with use of Holter electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings, treadmill exercise tests and angiographic indexes in 102 patients (not ...
Ferrara N - - 1988
The effects of isometric exercise on regional left ventricular mechanical function and regional coronary blood flow were evaluated in 17 patients with significant proximal stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery and 10 patients with normal coronary arteriograms. All patients had normal myocardial contractility in the basal condition. All ...
Detrano R - - 1988
Accurate use and interpretation of exercise test results depend on an understanding of physiologic principles, meticulous attention to proper methodology, and realization of the appropriate applications and limitations of testing. Understanding the relationship between myocardial and ventilatory oxygen consumption and exercise test variables will aid in the diagnosis and prognostic ...
Nonogi H - - 1988
Whether exercise-induced vasoconstriction of coronary artery stenoses is modified by the administration of calcium antagonists was examined in 14 patients with classic angina pectoris. In this group the effect of intracoronary diltiazem (2 to 3 mg) on luminal area was evaluated in normal and stenotic segments of epicardial coronary arteries ...
Miller T D - - 1988
A patient developed paradoxic deceleration of his heart rate at a high exercise level. Angioplasty of a right coronary artery stenosis distal to the sinoatrial branch and institution of diltiazem therapy resulted in normal cardioacceleration during repeated exercise testing. This unique pathophysiologic response appears to be due to direct or ...
Kurita A - - 1988
To determine changes in platelet activity, prostaglandin metabolism and catecholamine release along with changes in hemodynamics during exercise, we measured these parameters before and immediately after treadmill exercise. Measurements were made on peripheral arterial blood simultaneously with a direct aortic pressure recording in 30 patients with coronary artery disease (Group ...
Ryan T - - 1988
Most studies investigating the ability of exercise two-dimensional echocardiography to identify patients with coronary artery disease have included patients with left ventricular wall motion abnormalities at rest. This has the effect of increasing sensitivity because patients with only abnormalities at rest are detected. To determine the diagnostic utility of exercise ...
Eichner E R - - 1988
The regular playing of racquet sports tends to confer general health and to protect the heart--to produce the athletic heart syndrome. Strenuous play, however, can provoke ventricular arrhythmias and can kill individuals with heart disease. The overall risk for an exercise death from racquet sport play seems to be as ...
Kramer M R - - 1988
During the years 1974 to 1986, 44 young soldiers (mean age 21 +/- 3 years) died suddenly and unexpectedly in the Israel Defense Forces. Cardiac causes accounted for 54 percent of deaths; neurologic causes, 14 percent of deaths; other diseases, 9 percent; and in 23 percent, cause of death was ...
Thomas E S - - 1988
The efficacy of coronary angioplasty in multivessel coronary artery disease was evaluated in a series of 145 consecutive patients in whom angioplasty had been successful and in whom a follow-up exercise stress test was performed within 2 months. Exercise stress test results of these patients with multivessel disease were compared ...
Frye M - - 1988
In an attempt to find the least invasive, safest, easiest, and cheapest method of obtaining resting and exercise samples of arterial blood, a comparison was made between samples from an arterial needle puncture and an arterial cannula. This study demonstrated that samples of arterial blood may be obtained by radial ...
Gibbons R J - - 1988
The ability of exercise radionuclide angiography to predict the risk of having significant left main or three vessel coronary artery disease was examined in 681 patients who underwent both radionuclide and coronary angiography. There were significant differences in multiple variables between patients with or without such disease. Logistic regression analysis ...
De Meersman R E - - 1988
Ratings of perceived exertion and neuroendocrine reactivity (plasma catecholamines) were measured in type A and type B student volunteers during a metabolically equivalent physical stressor (cycle ergometry). Analysis of variance demonstrated that type A underrated the perception of exertion as compared to type B. Therefore, this neuropsychobiological interaction could partly ...
O'Keefe J H JH - - 1988
This study evaluated the ability of exercise radionuclide angiography performed early after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to predict subsequent restenosis. Forty-eight patients with initially successful PTCA underwent early (less than or equal to 1 month) exercise radionuclide angiography and late (greater than 1 month, mean 8) coronary angiography. Findings ...
Chassin M R MR Health Program, Rand Corp, Santa Monica, CA - - 1987
Using ratings of appropriateness derived from an expert physician panel, we measured how appropriately physicians in 1981 performed coronary angiography in a randomly selected, community-based sample of cases in the Medicare population. We studied large geographic areas (three sites) in three states, representing regions of high and low use. The ...
Bache R J - - 1987
This study was made to evaluate the relative importance of alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenergic vasoconstrictor influences in opposing the increase in coronary blood flow that occurs during exercise. The effects of selective alpha 1-adrenergic blockade with prazosin were compared with nonselective alpha-adrenergic blockade with phentolamine on coronary hemodynamics during ...
Homma S - - 1987
We studied 306 patients with chest pain (262 with coronary artery disease and 44 with no coronary artery disease) to determine which of 23 clinical, exercise, thallium, and angiographic variables best discriminate between patients with increased lung/heart ratios of thallium versus those with normal ratios. Normal lung/heart ratio values were ...
Sommerhaug R G - - 1987
During a 43-month period (May 1981 to December 1984), 77 consecutive patients underwent multiple (eight or more) coronary artery bypass procedures using saphenous vein conduits for severe diffuse triple-vessel coronary artery disease. Patients received from 8 to 14 grafts (average 9). All coronary arteries and branches that were at least ...
Kimchi A - - 1987
We studied the relationship between the heart rate at the time of onset of exercise-induced wall motion abnormality and the severity of coronary artery disease in 89 patients who underwent exercise equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography as part of their evaluation for coronary artery disease. Segmental wall motion was scored with a ...
Bass C - - 1987
Seventy eight men were assessed one month before coronary artery bypass graft surgery using standardized measures of psychiatric morbidity and personality as well as a measure of emotional expression (the CECS). All patients had at least one coronary vessel occluded by 75% or more of its diameter, and functional capacity ...
Gaglione A - - 1987
Vasomotility of normal and stenosed coronary arteries was studied at rest and during supine bicycle exercise in 10 patients with classical exercise-induced angina pectoris receiving 1 mg intracoronary propranolol before the exercise test (propranolol group). Normal and stenotic coronary lumen areas were determined from biplane coronary arteriograms using a computer-assisted ...
Fadayomi M O - - 1987
Maximal exercise tests in 225 apparently healthy adult Africans (148 men, 77 women) aged 26 to 70 years revealed 35 subjects (18 men and 17 women) with ischaemic ST changes. Out of these, 6 men and 4 women developed chest pain that necessitated termination of the tests. Significant ventricular arrhythmias ...
Glickman L T - - 1987
Visceral larva migrans is apparently an endemic disease among adults in southwest France. Thirty-seven adults living in the Midi-Pyrenees region of France were confirmed as having visceral larva migrans based on an increased specific antibody titer to Toxocara canis as detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and by the Western ...
Rubler S - - 1987
Sixty-eight men with diabetes mellitus (mean age 53 +/- 10 years) and no symptoms of cardiac dysfunction enrolled in a long-range study for detection of latent coronary artery disease. The testing included maximal treadmill stress with thallium-201 scintigraphy and echocardiography. Radionuclide angiography was available in 35 men (52%), and 24 ...
Meier A - - 1987
The diagnostic value of cardiogoniometry (CGM), a new computerized vectorcardiographic method, for the identification of coronary artery disease was compared with other noninvasive tests in 48 medically treated patients with chest pain. Coronary angiography revealed one-vessel disease in 18, two- or three-vessel disease in 21, and normal coronary arteries in ...
Laslett L - - 1987
Physical training using dynamic, nonisometric exercise can increase physical endurance and decrease cardiac work load of submaximal exertion. This is true for people with coronary artery disease and for normal individuals, and it may also be true for those with selected other cardiac diseases. Effective training should involve exercise at ...
Amsterdam E A - - 1987
Sudden death during exercise is rare, but limited data suggest that vigorous physical activity is associated with an increased risk for this event, particularly in individuals with overt cardiac disease or a high coronary risk profile. The mechanism of exercise-associated sudden death is usually a lethal arrhythmia; however, this may ...
Balady G J - - 1987
The uses of the exercise test continue to grow and diversify. Familiarity with the mechanics, logistics, and interpretation of these tests leads to their optimal use. The application of exercise testing for competitive or recreational sports, cardiovascular fitness exercise training, and cardiac rehabilitation is the focus of this review. Many ...
Przybojewski J Z - - 1987
Exercise-induced Q-waves were encountered in four Caucasian males presenting to the Cardiac Clinic, Tygerberg Hospital, with chest pain suggestive of angina pectoris. This phenomenon occurred in four out of a total of 1943 patients undergoing treadmill stress testing (Bruce Protocol) during a two-year period, giving an incidence of 0.21 percent ...
Gordon D J - - 1987
The association of known coronary risk factors with progressive submaximal treadmill exercise tolerance test performance was studied in 6,238 asymptomatic white 34-60-year-old hypercholesterolemic men screened between 1973 and 1976 for the Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial. Cigarette smoking and habitual physical inactivity were each associated with a doubling ...
Cohen M V - - 1987
To determine whether exercise training in animals with normal coronary arteries has a salutary effect on ischaemic myocardium, 24 dogs were randomly assigned to be either trained or confined to cages for three months. All dogs then underwent left thoracotomy for placement of indwelling right and left atrial and aortic ...
Raberger G - - 1987
The effects of the bradycardic agent UL-FS 49 on hemodynamic and segmental parameters were studied in a canine model of exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction which mimics exercise-induced angina pectoris. Ten dogs, trained to subunit to five treadmill exercise cycles consisting of 4 min of running and 11 min of recovery, were ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >