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Zafeiridou M P MP Laboratory of Social Research on Physical Activity Department of Physical Education and Sport Science at Serres Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Serres, Greece - - - 2014
The present study examined the mediating role of exercise identity in the relationship of exercise motivational regulations with weekly frequency of strenuous, moderate, and mild exercise. Data were collected from a sample of 193 Greek exercise participants aged 18-54, using the Revised Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2, the Exercise Identity ...
Murtezani A A Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic University Clinical Center of Kosovo Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo - - - 2014
The effect of exercise training during the course of pregnancy on the newborn's birth weight is unclear. This study examines the effect of aerobic and strength conditioning exercise performed during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy in nulliparous, previously inactive women on the newborn's outcome. Sixty-three nulliparous, previously ...
Gourlan M M Laboratory Epsylon EA4556 Dynamics of Human Capacities and Health Behaviors, University Montpellier 1 Montpellier, France - - - 2014
Regular physical activity (PA) practice represents a key component of obesity treatment. Drawing upon Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of this study was twofold. The first aim was to evaluate among obese adolescents the impact of a supervised exercise program supporting autonomy on their motivation to practice PA at the end ...
Hazell T J TJ Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfried Laurier University Waterloo, Ontario, Canada - - - 2014
We investigated the cardiorespiratory response during acute sprint interval exercise (SIE; 4 x 30 sec maximal efforts, each separated by 4 min recovery) vs. continuous endurance exercise (CEE; 30 min) at 70% VO2max. Oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate were measured in 8 males (age: 23±2.3 y, height: 181±6.4 cm, ...
Vicente-Campous D D Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain - - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether running speed determined in a lactate minimum test (lactate minimum intensity, LMI) during a treadmill incremental exercise performed just after submaximal cycling corresponds to the speed of a respiratory exchange ratio of 1.00 (RER-1) and, by extension, to the maximal ...
Coleman K K Human Performance Laboratory Department of Kinesiology, James Madison University Harrisonburg, VA, USA - - - 2014
There is a paucity of research on responses to exercises using pulsatile movements (PM) compared to using a full range of motion (FM). The purpose of the present study was to compare the physiological responses to PM vs. FM exercises. Eight participants completed two separate exercise sessions, comprised of three ...
Panissa V L VL Department of Sport School of Physical Education and Sport University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate absolute and relative (%V.O2max) oxygen uptake (total, during effort and pause), and time spent above 90% of V.O2max during high-intensity intermittent running in subjects with different training status. Fourteen males were evaluated and divided (moderate and high aerobic power) according to their V.O2max obtained in ...
Dallas G G National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science Dafne, Greece - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of 3 different warm up methods of stretching (static, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, and stretching exercises on a Vibration platform) on flexibility and legs power-jumping performance in competitive artistic gymnasts. Eighteen competitive artistic gymnasts were recruited to participate in this ...
Giles Grace E GE aDepartment of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford bCognitive Science Team, US Army NSRDEC, Natick, Massachusetts cDepartment of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2014
Both acute and chronic exercise is consistently associated with a number of benefits to physical and mental health, including cardiovascular function, body weight, mood, and cognition. Near-infrared spectroscopy is an ideal method to measure changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb and dHb) levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during ...
Black Melissa J MJ a UNSW - - 2014
We examined the impact of offset controllability (capability of losing weight) and offset effort (efforts to lose weight) on judgments of an obese target. Participants (n = 216) read about an obese person whose body weight was controllable/uncontrollable, and who did/did not put in effort to eat healthily and exercise. ...
Uthman Olalekan A OA Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK Warwick Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery (WCAHRD), Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL - - 2014
Which types of exercise intervention are most effective in relieving pain and improving function in people with lower limb osteoarthritis? As of 2002 sufficient evidence had accumulated to show significant benefit of exercise over no exercise. An approach combining exercises to increase strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity is most likely ...
Moulsdale Hilary J HJ Public Health - - 2014
Poliovirus importations and related outbreaks continue to occur in polio-free countries, including those in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region. National preparedness plans for responding to poliovirus introduction are insufficient in many countries of the European Region. We describe a series of polio outbreak simulation exercises that were implemented ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Dept of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, - - 2014
Potential biomechanical compensations allowing for maintenance of maximal explosive performance during prolonged intermittent exercise, with respect to the corresponding rise in injury rates during the later stages of exercise or competition, are relatively unknown. To identify lower-extremity countermovement-jump (CMJ) biomechanical factors using a principal-components approach and then examine how these ...
Brunner J J Institute of Animal Nutrition, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional management of show jumping horses in practice with recommendations from the literature. Additionally, the effects of these feeding practices on several blood metabolic parameters before and after exercise were studied. Blood samples were collected in the field from 27 different ...
Margolis Lee M LM Nutrition, Exercise Physiology and Sarcopenia Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
To optimize its function, skeletal muscle exhibits exceptional plasticity and possesses the fundamental capacity to adapt its metabolic and contractile properties in response to various external stimuli (e.g., external loading, nutrient availability, and humoral factors). The adaptability of skeletal muscle, along with its relatively large mass and high metabolic rate, ...
Cochrane Darryl J DJ 1School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. 2Faculty of Health Science, Universal College of Learning, Palmerston North, New - - 2014
Vibration exercise (VbX) has gained popularity as a warm-up modality to enhance performance in golf, baseball and sprint cycling but little is known about the efficacy of using VbX as a warm-up prior to resistance exercise, such as deadlifting. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of ...
Vucetic Vlatko V Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to explore the differences in the peak blood lactate concentration (Lapeak) and time to reach Lapeak (tLapeak) during low-intensity recovery after an all-out treadmill ramp test in runners of four diverse running disciplines and different training regimes, and to identify the most opportune sampling ...
Williams Nancy I NI Pennsylvania State University - - 2014
We assessed the impact of energy deficiency on menstrual function using controlled feeding and supervised exercise over four menstrual cycles (1 Baseline and 3 Intervention cycles) in untrained, eumenorrheic women ages 18-30 yrs. Subjects were randomized to either an exercising control (EXCON) or one of three exercising energy deficit (ED) ...
Kästner Andreas A *Cardiology and Angiology I, University Heart Center Freiburg, Bad Krozingen, Freiburg, Germany; †Department of Sports Medicine, Klinikum Westfalen, Dortmund, Germany; and ‡Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, - - 2014
: We report 2 cases of enormously elevated creatine kinase (CK) activity after training with electromyostimulation (EMS) by 2 young male professional soccer players. In one of them, a single training session with EMS caused exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis with a maximal CK activity of 240 000 U/L. These cases illustrate that unaccustomed ...
Uygur Mehmet M Department of Health and Exercise Science, Rowan University , Glassboro, NJ , USA - - 2014
Abstract There is growing evidence that speed-based exercise training benefits people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The present study investigates the effects of a single session of volitional, high-speed cycling intervals on a battery of timed functional tests selected for their relevance to the symptom of bradykinesia. Ten subjects with PD ...
Lim Einly E Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
The present study investigates the response of implantable rotary blood pump (IRBP)-assisted patients to exercise and head-up tilt (HUT), as well as the effect of alterations in the model parameter values on this response, using validated numerical models. Furthermore, we comparatively evaluate the performance of a number of previously proposed ...
Wu Michelle V MV York University, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study investigated the regulation of thermogenic capacity in classical BAT and SC WAT, and how it affects whole-body energy expenditure in sedentary (Sed) and endurance-trained (Ex) rats fed ad libitum either low-fat (LF) or high-fat (HF) diets. Analysis of tissue mass, PGC-1α and UCP-1 content, presence of multilocular ...
Horn P L PL Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, ACT, 2617, Australia, - - 2014
To expand our understanding of the overall anti-inflammatory nature of routine exercise; we compared resting blood values from adults who habitually undertake frequent, moderate levels of exercise to reference interval values assumed to reflect values largely from non-exercisers. This information would be useful for clinicians interpreting blood tests assessing inflammatory, ...
Rank M M MM School of Biomedical Sciences & Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, 2308, NSW, - - 2014
Following incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), collaterals sprout from intact and injured axons in the vicinity of the lesion. These sprouts are thought to form new synaptic contacts that effectively bypass the lesion epicentre and contribute to improved functional recovery. Such anatomical changes are known to be enhanced by exercise ...
Hostrup M M Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Section of Integrated Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark Department of Respiratory Research, Bispebjerg University Hospital, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of beta2-adrenergic stimulation on skeletal muscle contractile properties, sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) rates of Ca(2+) release and uptake, and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase-activity before and after fatiguing exercise in trained men. The study consisted of two experiments (EXP1, n = 10 M, EXP2, n ...
Dhakal Bishnu P BP Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
-Exercise capacity as measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2) is similarly impaired in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF). However, characterization of how each component of VO2 changes in response to incremental exercise in HFpEF vs. HFrEF has not been ...
Alharbi Muaddi M Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Australia - - 2014
The benefits of exercise and weight reduction for overweight or obese people with coronary heart disease and/or diabetes mellitus are well recognised. The Healthy Eating and Exercise Lifestyle Program demonstrated these outcomes at 4 months, but longer-term outcomes are not yet reported. To determine whether positive weight, body mass index, ...
van Gemert Willemijn A WA Department of Epidemiology, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht - - 2014
Background An inactive lifestyle is a risk factor for several types of cancer. A proposed pathway through which exercise influences cancer risk is via insulin. We aim to investigate the effect of a one-year exercise intervention on insulin sensitivity, and the role of body fat in this association, in healthy, ...
Ciolac Emmanuel Gomes EG 1Exercise and Chronic Disease Research Laboratory, Physical Education Department, School of Sciences, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Bauru, Brazil; 2Heart Institute, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, - - 2014
To analyze the use of 6-20 rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale for prescribing and self-regulating heated water-based exercise (HEx) and land-based exercise (LEx) in heart transplant recipients. Fifteen (5 female) clinically stable heart transplant recipients (time since surgery = 4.0 ± 2.5 years) aged 46.7 ± 11.8 years underwent ...
Covington Jeffrey D JD J Covington, Laboratory of Reproductive Endocrinology and Woman's Health, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, United - - 2014
Objective: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is associated with reduced adipose tissue lipolysis that can be rescued by aerobic exercise. We aimed to identify differences in gene expression of perilipins and associated targets in adipose tissue in women with PCOS before and after exercise. Design and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional ...
Moore Daniel Ryan DR University of Toronto - - 2014
Post-exercise protein ingestion increases whole-body and muscle protein anabolism in adults. No study has specifically investigated the combined effects of exercise and protein ingestion on protein metabolism in healthy, physically active children. Under 24h dietary control, thirteen (7 males, 6 females) active children (~11y age; 39.3±5.9 kg) consumed an oral ...
Woodside John D S JD Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, - - 2014
Exercise performance in hypoxia may be limited by a critical reduction in cerebral and skeletal tissue oxygenation though the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We examined if increased systemic free radical accumulation during hypoxia would be associated with elevated microvascular deoxygenation and reduced maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2MAX). Eleven healthy males were ...
Sun P P Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Acute aerobic exercise produces post-exercise hypotension (PEH). Chinese populations have lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease compared to Caucasians. PEH may be associated cardiovascular disease through its influence on hypertension. The purpose of this study was to compare PEH between Caucasian and Chinese subjects following acute aerobic exercise. 62 (30 Caucasian ...
Parker Simpson L L Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United - - 2014
We investigated the influence of hypoxia on the asymptote (critical power, CP) and the curvature constant (W') of the hyperbolic power-duration relationship, as measured by both conventional and all-out testing procedures. 13 females completed 5 constant-power prediction trials and a 3-min all-out test to estimate CP and W', in both ...
Carpentier Alain A Laboratory for Biometry and Exercise Nutrition, Faculty of Motor Sciences, Free University of Brussels (ULB Belgium), Brussels, - - 2014
Recently, dietary supplementation with inorganic nitrate (NO3) has been proposed to endurance athletes to increase their performance. However, it has been suggested that an excess of (NO3) might be harmful. The present study analysed the impact of (NO3) supplementation on kidney function. Thirteen young male subjects performed a 20-min cycling ...
Coull Nicole A NA Department of Sport Science and Physical Activity, Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research (ISPAR), University of Bedfordshire, Bedford, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tyrosine (TYR) ingestion on cognitive and physical performance during soccer-specific exercise in a warm environment. Eight male soccer players completed an individualised 90 min soccer-simulation intermittent soccer performance test (iSPT), on a non-motorised treadmill, on two occasions, within an environmental ...
Coquart Jérémy B JB Faculty of Sport Sciences, EA 3832, CETAPS, University of Rouen, Mont Saint Aignan, France, - - 2014
We assessed the validity of predicting peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2 peak) from the relationship between oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2) and overall ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) obtained during the initial stages of a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Fifteen healthy participants and 18 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
Coisne Augustin A Service d'Explorations Fonctionnelles Cardio-Vasculaires, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France, - - 2014
Exercise transthoracic echocardiography (ExE) was recently proposed to evaluate tolerance and help risk stratification of mitral regurgitation (MR). Few data are available on the feasibility of Doppler echocardiographic recordings at exercise in daily practice in both secondary and primary MR. Comprehensive resting and ExE were performed in 72 unselected patients ...
Zhang Yi - - 2014
The switching exercise (e.g., Interval Training) has been a commonly used exercise protocol nowadaysfor the enhancement of exerciser's cardiovascular fitness. The current difficulty for simulating humanonset and offset exercise responses regarding the switching exercise is to ensure the continuity of theoutputs during onset-offset switching, as well as to accommodate the ...
Beitler Jeremy R JR Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Because cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) aids in prognostic assessment of heart disease, there is rising interest in its utility for cardiovascular risk stratification of patients with OSA. However, the relationship between OSA and exercise capacity is unclear. ...
Scribbans T D TD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada - - - 2014
There is currently little information regarding the ability of metabolic prediction equations to accurately predict oxygen uptake and exercise intensity from HR during intermittent sport. The purpose of the present study was to develop and, cross--validate equations appropriate for accurately predicting oxygen cost (VO2) and energy expenditure from heart rate ...
Zajenkowski Marcin M a Faculty of Psychology , University of Warsaw, Warsaw , - - 2014
Abstract In the present study, we examined mood changes following dancing. Previous works suggested that contextual factors may influence affective states; it has been shown that changes in mood following competition differ from those following recreational exercise. The study has been conducted in Warsaw, Poland. Mood was assessed before and ...
Lewis Nathan A NA English Institute of Sport, Bath, UK, - - 2014
The production of reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS) is a fundamental feature of mammalian physiology, cellular respiration and cell signalling, and essential for muscle function and training adaptation. Aerobic and anaerobic exercise results in alterations in redox homeostasis (ARH) in untrained, trained and well trained athletes. Low to ...
Cincin Altug A Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to be associated with increased incidence of adverse cardiovascular events, but underlying pathophysiological mechanism has not been clearly demonstrated. Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and impairment in this system is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The aim ...
Hill M M Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, University of Northampton, Northampton, - - 2014
Age-predicted maximal heart rate (HRMAX ) equations are commonly used for the purpose of prescribing exercise regimens, as criteria for achieving maximal exertion and for diagnostic exercise testing. Despite the growing popularity of upper body exercise in both healthy and clinical settings, no recommendations are available for exercise modes using ...
Gloeckl Rainer R Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee, - - 2014
Background: The Oxymizer® is a special nasal cannula that provides a higher luminal diameter in combination with an incorporated oxygen (O2) reservoir. It is assumed that a higher O2 concentration can be delivered breath by breath in order to increase oxygenation. Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of the ...
van der Hoop Julie M JM http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2327-9000 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States; - - 2014
Attaching bio-telemetry or -logging devices ('tags') to marine animals for research and monitoring adds drag to streamlined bodies, affecting posture, swimming gaits and energy balance. These costs have never been measured in free-swimming cetaceans. To examine the effect of drag from a tag on metabolic rate, cost of transport, and ...
Horn P P Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Exercise stimulates increases in heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO). These adaptive mechanisms are strongly dependent on the type of exercise. Both rowing and cycling are widely used for physical training worldwide; however, evidence regarding the differences in major hemodynamic parameters during rowing and cycling remains ...
de Araujo G G GG Sports Science Research Group - Federal University of Alagoas, UFAL - Maceio AL, Brazil. - - 2014
The interval model has been more recommended to promote aerobic adaptations due to recovery period that enables the execution of elevated intensity and as consequence, higher workload in relation to continuous. However, the physiological and aerobic capacity adaptations in interval training with identical workload to continuous are still uncertain. The ...
Eijnde Bert O BO Rehabilitation Research Center (REVAL), Biomed, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, - - 2014
Whole-body cooling improves exercise tolerance in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). To be able to exercise at greater intensities and/or for longer durations with whole-body cooling, it should be examined whether this compromises skeletal muscle oxidative capacity (assessed by exercise-onset VO2 kinetics). To study the impact of whole-body cooling on ...
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