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Nielsen G G Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore how and why participants in structured exercise intervention programs continue or stop exercising after the program is finished. We conducted four focus group interviews with four groups of middle-aged and elderly men (total n = 28) who had participated in exercise interventions involving playing ...
Figueira Franciele R FR Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Diabetes is associated with marked cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the association between different types of exercise training and blood pressure (BP) changes is not fully clear in type 2 diabetes. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) was to determine the effects ...
Gallegos-Carrillo Katia - - 2014
Although the benefits of physical activity (PA) on to prevent and manage non-communicable diseases are well known, strategies to help increase the levels of PA among different populations are limited. Exercise-referral schemes have emerged as one effective approach to promote PA; however, there is uncertainty about the feasibility and effectiveness ...
Connell Louise A LA Clinical Practice Research Unit, School of Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, PR1 2HE. Electronic address: - - 2014
To use three measures of intensity (i) time, (ii) observed repetitions and (iii) wrist accelerometer activity counts to describe the intensity of exercise carried out when completing a structured upper limb exercise programme. To explore if a relationship exists between wrist accelerometer activity counts and observed repetitions. Observational study design. ...
Park Se-Yeon SY Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the wall slide device on activation of the scapulothoracic musculature. [Subjects] We recruited 15 healthy male subjects. [Methods] The subjects performed the general wall push-up plus (WPUP) and the wall slide with device (WSD) exercises. During the exercises, ...
O'Dwyer Tom T School of Medicine, Discipline of Physiotherapy, Trinity College, Dublin, Department of Rheumatology, St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland and School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University, Twickenham, UK. - - 2014
This study examines the awareness and self-report knowledge of physical activity (PA) guidelines among adults with rheumatic conditions and evaluates rates of adherence to PA recommendations. Secondary aims include (i) investigating perceived benefits and barriers to exercise and (ii) exploring correlates associated with PA. This cross-sectional study involved adults attending ...
Umeda M M Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, United - - 2014
Evidence suggests the role of physical activity (PA) in management of clinical symptoms of fibromyalgia. However, very little is known regarding the psychological correlates of PA in patients with fibromyalgia. Therefore, this study examined the association between exercise enjoyment (EE) and PA in women with fibromyalgia. 19 women with fibromyalgia ...
O'Loughlin Erin K EK Centre de recherche du centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
It is not known if or how exercise behavior regulations (EBRs) relate to exergaming in adolescents. The study objectives were: (i) to determine if EBRs differ between adolescents who do and do not exergame; and (ii) among exergamers, to describe the associations between EBRs and exergame duration, intensity, and achieving ...
Rogen Sandra S Institute of Biophysics, Medical University of Graz , - - 2014
Beside the genetic disposition, physical activity (PA) is one of the major health factors and can play a large role in the prevention and therapy of many diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity-related diseases etc.). In contrast to the genetic disposition, PA can be deliberately influenced by lifestyle. Therefore, it is ...
Kim Jung-Hyun JH Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of an unstable surface on trunk and lower extremity muscle activities during various types of bridging exercises. [Subjects] Thirty healthy female adults voluntarily participated in this study. [Methods] All subjects were asked to perform 3 different bridging exercises (bridging ...
Kim Hyun Soo HS Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
Generally, early exercise after coronary stenting is considered safe, but isolated cases of acute stent thrombosis have been associated with the performance of a treadmill exercise test after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The treadmill exercise test is often used to noninvasively assess the functional result of PCI. In this report, ...
Correa-Burrows Paulina P Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Avda, El Líbano 5524, Macul: 7830490 Santiago, - - 2014
We examined the association between the engagement in regular physical activity (PA) and the academic performance (AP) of school-age children from Santiago Metropolitan Region. In a random sample of 1271 students (13.3 ± 2.3 years old) we measured regular PA, accounting for hours of weekly scheduled exercise, and AP, using ...
Koehler Kevin Scott KS Emergency Department, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, 620 John Paul Jones Circle, Portsmouth, VA - - 2014
Many health care providers encounter patients with complaints of calf pain, swelling, chest pain, shortness of breath, and syncope after intense exercise. Unfortunately, these symptoms alone or in constellation could represent an underlying venous thromboembolism. A negative D-dimer can often exclude moderate-risk patients. We examined the change in D-dimer levels ...
Gonçalves Giovanna Barros GB Neurology Department, Fluminense Federal University , Niteroi, Brazil ; Movement Disorders Section, Neurology Service, Pedro Ernesto University Hospital/Rio de Janeiro State University , Niteroi, - - 2014
The use of the Nintendo Wii has been considered a good alternative in the motor rehabilitation of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), requiring simultaneous interaction to develop strategies for physical, visual, auditory, cognitive, psychological and social activities in the performing of virtual activities, resulting in improvement in functional performance and ...
Morris Jacqui H JH Social Dimensions of Health Institute, University of Dundee. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate effects of interventions to promote long-term participation in physical activity (PA) on measures of frequency, duration or intensity of PA at three months or longer in community dwelling stroke survivors. Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO between 1987 and December 2012. Search terms included "physical activity, exercise promotion"; "stroke"; "behaviour ...
Bellar David D School of Kinesiology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana, United - - 2014
Lack of physical activity is a contributor to the obesity epidemic and is speculated to relate to reduced academic performance; however, this link has yet to be examined within the college population. The purpose of this study in a group of undergraduate students, was to determine if aerobic exercise activity ...
Best John R JR Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that exercise training benefits cognitive, neural, and physical health markers in older adults. It is likely that these positive effects will diminish if participants return to sedentary lifestyles following training cessation. Theory posits that that the neurocognitive processes underlying self-regulation, namely executive function (EF), are important ...
Joy Jordan M JM Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, The University of Tampa, 401 W. Kennedy Blvd., Box 30 F, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2014
The lipid messenger phosphatidic acid (PA) plays a critical role in the stimulation of mTOR signaling. However, the mechanism by which PA stimulates mTOR is currently unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of various PA precursors and phospholipids on their ability to stimulate mTOR ...
Houston Megan N MN Human Movement Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, - - 2013
Hamstring tightness is common among physically active individuals. In addition to limiting range of motion and increasing the risk of muscular strain, hamstring tightness contributes to a variety of orthopedic conditions. Therefore, clinicians continue to identify effective methods to increase flexibility. Although hamstring tightness is typically treated with common stretching ...
Malone John K JK School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, United - - 2013
To investigate the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) during acute recovery between 2 bouts of maximal aerobic exercise. On 3 separate days, 19 trained male cyclists (28±7 yr; 76.4±10.4 kg; PVO2max (power output atVO2max) 417±44 W) performed a 3 min maximal cycling bout at 105% PVO2max, prior to a ...
Weight Christopher J - - 2013
To prospectively study the effects of an incentivized exercise program on physical activity (PA), quality of life (QOL), and burnout among residents and fellows (RFs) in a large academic medical center. In January 2011, all RFs at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (N=1060), were invited to participate in an elective, ...
Crytzer Theresa M TM Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Veterans Administration Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA; Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Center for Assistive Technology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Spina bifida (SB) is the most common birth defect in United States that results in permanent lifelong disability according to the Spina Bifida Association. Advancements in medical care have led to a longer life span and an increase in the risk of secondary conditions, for example, obesity, with age. The ...
Leidy Nancy Kline - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that physical activity (PA) can affect health outcomes, particularly in chronic disease. While pharmacologic therapy and exercise training can improve exercise capacity, increasing PA requires behavior change. This review examined clinical trials testing the effectiveness of behavioral interventions to increase PA in adults with chronic disease ...
Usagawa T - - 2013
Ethnic minorities share an unequal burden of cardiometabolic syndrome. Physical activity (PA) has been shown to be an important factor for improving the outcomes of these diseases. While metabolic equivalents (METs) have been calculated for diverse activities, most cultural activities have not been evaluated. Hula, the traditional dance of Native ...
Scheer Frank A J L - - 2013
Serious adverse cardiovascular events peak in the morning, possibly related to increased thrombosis in critical vessels. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), which inhibits fibrinolysis, is a key circulating pro-thrombotic factor that rises in the morning in humans. We tested whether this morning peak in PAI-1 is caused by the internal circadian ...
Armstrong Neil - - 2013
In Volume 1 of Pediatric Exercise Science (PES), a paper by Fenster et al. (25) investigated the relationship between peak oxygen uptake (peak V̇O2) and physical activity (PA) in 6- to 8-year-old children. They used both questionnaires and large-scale integrated activity monitors (LSIs) to estimate daily PA and determined peak ...
Haider Thomas T Institute for Sports Medicine Alpine, Medicine and Health Tourism UMIT Hall, Austria ; Institute of Veterinary Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), University of Zurich Zurich, - - 2013
Immobility plus preexisting chronic disease or acute trauma can activate the coagulation system, thus increasing the risk for thromboembolic events. The effects of long-term bed-rest immobility and microgravity on the coagulation system of healthy persons (e.g., during crewed Mars missions) have not yet been studied. The main objective of the ...
Rubio-Sastre Patricia P Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia , Murcia , Spain - - 2014
The adequate time to perform physical activity (PA) to maintain optimal circadian system health has not been defined. We studied the influence of morning and evening PA on circadian rhythmicity in 16 women with wrist temperature (WT). Participants performed controlled PA (45 min continuous-running) during 7 days in the morning (MPA) ...
Redmond Jan E - - 2013
An understanding of the demands of physical activity (PA) during US Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) is necessary to support Soldier readiness and resilience. The purpose of this study was to determine the agreement among 3 different PA measurement instruments in the BCT environment. Twenty-four recruits from each of 11 ...
Savi Daniela - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to determine whether different methods of recording physical activity (PA), i.e., accelerometers vs questionnaires, provided similar information in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). 20 CF (age 33 ± 8SD yrs, FEV1 68 ± 16% predicted) and 11 age-matched healthy controls completed the Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES) questionnaire ...
Stewart Arthur D - - 2013
Abstract Over 12 weeks, supervised physical activity (PA) interventions have demonstrated improvements in morphological and health parameters, whereas community walking programmes have not. The present study piloted a self-guided programme for promoting PA and reducing sedentary behaviour in overweight individuals and measured its effect on a range of health outcomes. ...
Chase Jo-Ana D - - 2013
Motivational physical activity (PA) interventions are effective in increasing PA behavior among healthy adults; however, the impact of these interventions on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has not yet been examined. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to quantitatively synthesize CRF outcomes of motivational PA interventions among healthy adults. Comprehensive searching identified ...
da Silva Vinicius Z M - - 2013
A hallmark characteristic of heart failure (HF) is reduced physical activity (PA) patterns. The relationship between key cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) variables and PA patterns has not been investigated. Therefore, we evaluated PA patterns in patients with ischemic HF and its relationship to peak oxygen consumption (VO2), the minute ventilation/carbon ...
Higgins Torrance J - - 2013
Objective: Researchers have yet to establish how interventions to increase physical activity influence specific self-efficacy beliefs. The current study sought to quantify the effect of interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults on exercise task (EXSE) and barrier self-efficacy (BSE) via meta-analysis. Intervention characteristics associated with self-efficacy and physical ...
Al-Hazzaa Hazzaa M - - 2013
Background: Few studies have reported comprehensive and valid physical activity (PA) data for Saudi youth. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patterns and determinants of PA among Saudi adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi secondary schools (15-19 years) during 2009/2010 and used multistage stratified ...
Joseph Rodney P - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance quality of life (QOL) in older adults. Findings from these studies indicate that the relationship between PA and QOL is indirect and likely mediated by variables such as physical self-esteem, exercise self-efficacy, and affect. As PA varies greatly by age, the purpose ...
Freene Nicole N Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health - - 2014
Abstract Background/Purpose: Barriers and enablers of physical activity have been investigated, but it remains unclear what middle-aged adults' physical activity preferences are. Two physical activity interventions were compared to determine barriers, enablers and preferences for physical activity format in sedentary, community-dwelling 50- to 65-year-olds. Methods: Using mixed methods, 37 Physical ...
Vanderloo Leigh M - - 2013
Preschoolers' (n = 31) physical activity (PA) levels during indoor and outdoor childcare hours were explored using accelerometers. Participants engaged in 0.54 min/h (SD = 0.59) of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and 14.42 min/h (SD = 6.78) of total PA (TPA) indoors compared with 5.03 min/h (SD = 4.92) of MVPA ...
Rose India D - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) may reduce risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objectives of this study were to: (a) Compare the content of English and Spanish PA-focused articles in American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) magazines; and (b) Determine whether these articles discuss PA as a potential correlate of AD. ...
Nguyen D Minh Tuan - - 2013
Background: Increases in physical activity (PA) are promoted by walking in an outdoor environment. Along with walking speed, slope is a major determinant of exercise intensity, and energy expenditure. The hypothesis was that in free-living conditions, a hilly environment diminishes PA to a greater extent in obese (OB) when compared ...
Jones Paul R - - 2013
Physicians are increasingly being called upon to promote physical activity (PA) among patients. However, a paucity of exercise medicine teaching in the UK undergraduate medical curricula prevents students from acquiring the necessary knowledge and skills to do so. To address this issue, King's College London School of Medicine introduced an ...
Salis Andrea S - - 2013
College students (N = 90) were randomly assigned to participate in vigorous, moderate or no physical exercise and vocabulary recall and comprehension learning activities under varying conditions to assess whether or not increased intensities of exercise, performed either before a vocabulary recall and comprehension learning activity (i.e., proactive effect) or ...
Siceloff E Rebekah - - 2013
Objective: African Americans have the highest rates of obesity in the United States. Engaging in recommended levels of physical activity (PA) reduces risk for obesity. Social and environmental supports for PA may be important to increase PA. This study hypothesized that PA would mediate the effects of neighborhood and social ...
Makino Izumi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Apparent organic abnormalities are sometimes not identified among patients suffering from chronic pain in the craniocervical region. In some cases, parafunctional activities (PAs) are recognized. PAs are nonfunctional oromandibular activities that include jaw clenching and bruxism, but are considered as factors that contribute to craniomandibular disorders (CMDs). It is ...
Cimenti Christina - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: A paradox seems to exist: exercising leads to clotting activation in conventional clotting tests, but exercising persons have a low risk of thrombosis. In this study we tried to evaluate the effect of exercise performance status on in vitro plasma thrombin generation, which represents an overall function test of ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2013
Obesity is associated with increased prevalence of thromboembolic events. We aimed to investigate whether obese women might benefit from vigorous aerobic exercise. Forty-two overweight and obese women performed a 30 min walking exercise test (treadmill ergometer) at an intensity of 70 % of individual peak VO2. Blood samples were collected ...
Van Remoortel Hans H Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, , Leuven, - - 2013
Information about daily physical activity levels (PAL) in subjects with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is scarce. This study aims to assess PA and to investigate the associations between PA and clinical characteristics in subjects with newly diagnosed COPD. Fifty-nine subjects with a new spirometry-based diagnosis of mild (n=38) ...
Siahkouhian M M Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate diurnal variations in the haemostatic response to submaximal exercise performed by young, sedentary men. Fifteen healthy young sedentary males aged 25.6 ± 1.34 (mean ± SD) years performed two exercise sessions, morning and evening, at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption ([Formula: see ...
Tanaka Hidenori H a Department of Anesthesiology & Resuscitology , Shinshu University School of Medicine , Matsumoto , - - 2013
Abstract Appropriate daily exercise is recommended to remain healthy for adults including medical professionals. In this study, we quantified daily physical activity of anesthesiologists in the operating room using a newly developed triaxial accelerometer, Jukudai Mate™. During daily work, mean ± SD energy expenditure of staff was 576 ± 181 ...
Kupchak Brian R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A sedentary lifestyle is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and thrombotic complications. While habitual endurance activity will reduce the risk of these adverse events, the influence of habitual resistance exercise is less clear. This study examined coagulation and fibrinolytic responses to an acute exhaustive resistance exercise test (AERET) ...
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