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Billinger Sandra A SA Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, KU Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd MS 2002, Kansas City, KS, 66160, USA, - - 2015
Sedentary lifestyle after stroke is common which results in poor cardiovascular health. Aerobic exercise has the potential to reduce cardiovascular risk factors and improve functional capacity and quality of life in people after stroke. However, aerobic exercise is a therapeutic intervention that is underutilized by healthcare professionals after stroke. The ...
Labate Valentina V Heart Failure Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milano, Milano, - - 2015
The recent European Society of Cardiology position paper strongly advises participation of patients with stable heart failure (HF) in structured exercise training (ET) programs, and in most recent years considerable efforts have been put into standardization of exercise prescription. Up to now, 3 ET modalities are proposed for HF populations ...
Courneya Kerry S KS Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E-488 Van Vliet Center, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2H9, Canada, - - 2014
Few randomized controlled trials in exercise oncology have examined survival outcomes. Here, we report an exploratory follow-up of progression-free survival (PFS) from the Healthy Exercise for Lymphoma Patients (HELP) Trial. The HELP Trial randomized 122 lymphoma patients between 2005 and 2008 to either control (n = 62) or 12 weeks of supervised aerobic ...
Achttien R J RJ Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Geert Grooteplein 21 6500, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen, HB, the Netherlands, - - 2014
To improve the quality of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) a practice guideline from the Dutch Royal Society for Physiotherapy (KNGF) has been developed. A systematic literature search was performed to formulate conclusions on the efficacy of exercise-based intervention during all CR phases in ...
Yasuda Tomohiro T Department of Ischemic Circulatory Physiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan, - - 2014
The effects on muscle swelling were compared between low-load resistance exercise to exhaustion with (BFR) and without blood flow restriction (NBFR). Ten young men [aged 27 (SD 5) years, standing height 1.74 (SD 0.05) m, body mass 70.3 (SD 4.3) kg] performed 20 % of one repetition maximal dumbbell curl exercise to exhaustion (four ...
- - 2014
A PLAYFUL little book with a big mission is how I would sum this one up. I say playful, when I really mean engaging and intriguing because the exercises it offers encourage feelings of curiosity and at times mischief.
Stevens Christopher J CJ a Applied Sports Science and Exercise Testing Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Information Technology , University of Newcastle , Ourimbah , - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to test the validity of a non-motorised treadmill (NMT) for the measurement of self-paced overground endurance running performance. Ten male runners performed randomised 5-km running time trials on a NMT and an outdoor athletics track. A range of physiological and perceptual responses was measured, and foot ...
Stone Keeron J KJ a School of Sport and Exercise , University of Gloucestershire , Gloucester , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of playing surface on physiological and performance responses during and in the 48 h after simulated soccer match play. Blood lactate, single-sprint, repeated-sprint and agility of eight amateur soccer players were assessed throughout a 90-min soccer-simulation protocol (SSP) completed ...
Buratti Paolo P Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Iron is necessary for physiological processes essential for athletic performance, such as oxygen transport, energy production and cell division. However, an excess of "free" iron is toxic, because it produces reactive hydroxyl radicals that damage biological molecules, thus leading to cell and tissue injury. Therefore, iron homeostasis is strictly regulated, ...
McGinn R R Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Recent data demonstrated that individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) exhibit impaired sweating and increased rectal temperature (i.e., heat storage) during exercise compared with healthy controls. Our purpose in this study was to investigate the consequences of T1DM on post-exercise thermal homeostasis. Sixteen participants (eight controls matched with eight ...
Balish S M SM IDPhD Program, SILK Lab, Life Science Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine, across 22 countries, the association between community size and individual sport, team sport, and exercise participation. Hierarchal non-linear Bernoulli modeling is used to examine the association between community size (100 000-10 000; <10 000) and (a) individual sport, (b) team sport, and (c) exercise participation. ...
Friedenreich Christine M - - 2014
Exercise has favorable effects on biomarkers associated with a lower risk of breast cancer, however it is unclear if higher doses of exercise provide additional effects. No clinical trial has systematically examined how different exercise volumes influence the mechanisms underlying breast cancer etiology. The Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in ...
Green S S School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia, - - 2014
The effect of acute activation of the sympathetic nervous system on the dynamic response of muscle hyperaemia during exercise at different intensities is not clear. To explore this, six men performed 16, 5-min bouts of intermittent calf contractions at two intensities (25 and 50 % MVC) and two levels of sympathetic ...
Schmidt Martina E ME Division of Preventive Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT) and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, - - 2014
Multiple exercise interventions have shown beneficial effects on fatigue and quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients, but various psychosocial interventions as well. It is unclear to what extent the observed effects of exercise interventions are based on physical adaptations or rather on psychosocial factors associated with supervised, group-based programs. ...
Ferreira Rita R Mass Spectrometry Group, QOPNA, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal, - - 2015
Exercise training is a well-known non-pharmacological strategy for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Despite the established phenotypic knowledge, the molecular signature of exercise-induced cardiac remodeling remains poorly characterized. The great majority of studies dedicated to this topic use conventional reductionist methods, which only allow analyzing individual protein candidates. ...
Myers Terrence R TR Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, CANADA, T1K - - 2014
This study aimed to determine if a time-effective whole-body aerobic resistance-training circuit using only body-weight exercises is as effective in improving aerobic and anaerobic fitness, as well as muscular strength and endurance as a traditional concurrent style training combining resistance and endurance training. Thirty-four sedentary females (20.9±3.2 y; 167.6±6.4 cm; ...
Nguyen Brian D BD Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Exercise Science, California Baptist - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of the one-minute anaerobic step test on lactate production. In addition, a comparison of post-exercise lactate levels between the traditional 40 cm step height and a modified 20 cm step height were tested along with multiple biomechanical components such as ...
da Silva Bruno Victor Corrêa BV 1Department of Sports Science, Sports Performance Research Group, Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG, Brazil. 2University Center of Belo Horizonte (Uni-BH), Department of Environmental, Biological and Health Sciences, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. 3Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
We determined the optimal load for the peak power output (PPO) during the bench press throw (BPT) in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) athletes and compared the PPO and maximal strength between advanced (AD) and not advanced (NA) athletes. Twenty-eight BJJ athletes (24.8 ± 5.7 yrs) performed the BPT at loads of ...
Outlaw Jordan J JJ 1Human Performance Lab, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor 2Applied Physiology Laboratory, Exercise and Sport Science; University of North Carolina- Chapel Hill 3Health and Exercise Studies Department, North Carolina State University 4Exercise & Performance Nutrition Laboratory, University of South - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of ß-alanine (BA) supplementation and resistance training on body composition and performance. In a double-blind placebo controlled design, sixteen untrained collegiate females (mean ± SD: 21.0±2.2 yrs, 64.8±8.5 kg, 164.5±7.0 cm, 30.1±5.1 %BF) completed 8-weeks of resistance training while consuming ...
Campos-Vazquez Miguel Angel MA Real Club Recreativo de Huelva SAD, Huelva, - - 2014
Describe the internal training load (ITL) of common training sessions performed during a typical week and to determine the relationships between different indicators of ITL commonly employed in professional football. Session-RPE TL (sRPE-TL) and HR-derived measurements of ITL as Edward's-TL and Stagno training impulses (TRIMPMOD) were used in nine players ...
Vaher Ivi I Tartu Health Care College, Tartu, - - 2014
Dietary supplements inducing alkalosis have been shown to be ergogenic during intense endurance exercise in temperate environments, but there is lack of data regarding the efficacy of these substances in the heat. This study aimed to investigate the effect of sodium citrate (CIT) ingestion on 5,000-m running performance in a ...
Merati Giampiero G Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Via Colombo, 71, Milan, - - 2014
Endurance exercise is associated with high cardiac vagal tone, but how the cardiac autonomic control correlates with shorter anaerobic performances is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate how autonomic modulations of heart rate (HR) variability (V) correlate with performances of short- (<1 min) and very short (<30 s) ...
Fonda Borut B S2P, Science to Practice Ltd., Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behaviour, Ljubljana, - - 2014
It has been reported in practice that the application of lower-body negative pressure (LBNP) to elite athletes during periods of intense training can help aid recovery. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of LBNP on biochemical, pain and performance parameters during a 5-day recovery period ...
May Ole - - 2014
ABSTRACT Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a newer therapy offered to patients with refractory angina pectoris (AP). Purpose. To assess the effect of EECP on AP, quality of life (QoL) and exercise capacity in a design starting with a control period to avoid the influence of regression-towards-the-mean. Methods. Patients were ...
Impey Samuel G SG Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Tom Reilly Building, Byrom St Campus, Liverpool, L3 3AF, - - 2014
Given that the enhanced oxidative adaptations observed when training in carbohydrate (CHO)-restricted states is potentially regulated through free fatty acid (FFA)-mediated signalling and that leucine-rich protein elevates muscle protein synthesis, the present study aimed to test the hypothesis that leucine-enriched protein feeding enhances circulating leucine concentration but does not impair ...
Shim Chi Young CY aCardiology Division, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital bSeverance Biomedical Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul cCardiology Division, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Sungnam, Republic of - - 2014
The impact of exaggerated blood pressure response (EBPR) to exercise on left ventricular function and the mechanism of its association are poorly understood. This study investigated the impact of arterial stiffening on left ventricular function in individuals with an EBPR to exercise. We hypothesized that individuals with low pulse pressure ...
Dudzinska W W Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
Studies have shown that uridine concentration in plasma may be an indicator of uric acid production in patients with gout. It has been also postulated that uridine takes part in blood pressure regulation. Since physical exercise is an effective tool in treatment and prevention of cardio-vascular diseases that are often ...
Mayo Xián X 1 Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of A - - 2014
Summary.-Set configuration refers to the repetitions performed with regard to the maximum possible number of repetitions, a factor affecting RPE that has not been previously studied. This study analyzed the effect of set configuration and muscle mass on RPE. Eight students (M age = 23.7 yr. ± 1.7) completed four ...
Shin Myoungjin M 1 Seoul National - - 2014
Summary.-Understanding the relationship between affect and exercise is helpful in predicting human behavior with respect to exercise participation. The goals of the present study were to investigate individual differences in affective response during and after exercise and to identify the role of intrinsic motivation in affective changes. 30 active male ...
Dias Rodrigo Gonçalves RG Heart Institute (InCor) University of Sao Paulo Medical School - - 2014
Peripheral blood cells are an accessible environment in which to visualize exercise-induced alterations in global gene expression patterns. We aimed to identify a peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) signature represented by alterations in gene expression, in response to a standardized endurance exercise training. Additionally, we searched for molecular classifiers of ...
Kilic-Erkek Ozgen O Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Kinikli, Denizli, Turkey. E-mails: {ozgenke, pt_emine}@yahoo.com, {vkucukatay, - - 2014
Hemorheological responses to swimming exercise have never been investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effects of moderate intensity swimming exercise followed by detraining on erythrocyte deformability and aggregation in SHR.METHODS: SHR and WKY rats were randomized into sedentary, exercised, detrained (5 weeks) and late detrained ...
Russell M M 1Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom 2Applied Sports Technology Exercise and Medicine Research Centre (A-STEM), Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom 3Swansea City Association Football Club, Swansea, United Kingdom 4School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, - - 2014
As the acceleration and deceleration demands of soccer are currently not well understood, this study aimed to profile markers of acceleration and deceleration capacity during professional soccer match-play. This within-player observational study required reserve team players from a Premier League club to wear 10 Hz Global Positioning System units throughout ...
Zenko Zachary Z 1Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, - - 2014
This survey assessed the knowledge of the "Guidance for prescribing exercise" issued by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) in 2011 among certified exercise professionals. A sample of 1,808 certified exercise professionals (66.70% women, Mage ± SD = 38.28 ± 12.56 years) responded to electronic invitations. The 11-question online ...
Gabbett Tim J TJ School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia, chool of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
State-of-Origin is the highest standard of rugby league competition played anywhere in the world. This study investigated the activity profiles of State-of-Origin and compared them against regular National Rugby League (NRL) fixture matches. Video footage from State-of-Origin and NRL matches were coded for activity and recovery cycles. Time when the ...
Alvarado Anthony M AM Hematology, Oncology, & Stem Cell Transplant, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
To examine heart rate recovery (HRR) as an indicator of autonomic nervous system dysfunction after maximal exercise testing in children and young adults with sickle cell anemia (SCA). Recovery phase heart rate (HR) in the first 5 minutes after maximal exercise testing in 60 subjects with SCA and 30 matched controls ...
Machado Frederico Sander Mansur FS Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Graduate Program in Sports Sciences, School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to verify the possible interactions between exercise capacity and spontaneous locomotor activity (SLA) during the oscillation of core body temperature (Tb) that occurs during the light/dark cycle. Wistar rats (n=11) were kept at an animal facility under a light/dark cycle of 14/10 h at ...
Zafeiridou M P MP Laboratory of Social Research on Physical Activity Department of Physical Education and Sport Science at Serres Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Serres, Greece - - - 2014
The present study examined the mediating role of exercise identity in the relationship of exercise motivational regulations with weekly frequency of strenuous, moderate, and mild exercise. Data were collected from a sample of 193 Greek exercise participants aged 18-54, using the Revised Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2, the Exercise Identity ...
Murtezani A A Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic University Clinical Center of Kosovo Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo - - - 2014
The effect of exercise training during the course of pregnancy on the newborn's birth weight is unclear. This study examines the effect of aerobic and strength conditioning exercise performed during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy in nulliparous, previously inactive women on the newborn's outcome. Sixty-three nulliparous, previously ...
Gourlan M M Laboratory Epsylon EA4556 Dynamics of Human Capacities and Health Behaviors, University Montpellier 1 Montpellier, France - - - 2014
Regular physical activity (PA) practice represents a key component of obesity treatment. Drawing upon Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of this study was twofold. The first aim was to evaluate among obese adolescents the impact of a supervised exercise program supporting autonomy on their motivation to practice PA at the end ...
Hazell T J TJ Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfried Laurier University Waterloo, Ontario, Canada - - - 2014
We investigated the cardiorespiratory response during acute sprint interval exercise (SIE; 4 x 30 sec maximal efforts, each separated by 4 min recovery) vs. continuous endurance exercise (CEE; 30 min) at 70% VO2max. Oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate were measured in 8 males (age: 23±2.3 y, height: 181±6.4 cm, ...
Vicente-Campous D D Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain - - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether running speed determined in a lactate minimum test (lactate minimum intensity, LMI) during a treadmill incremental exercise performed just after submaximal cycling corresponds to the speed of a respiratory exchange ratio of 1.00 (RER-1) and, by extension, to the maximal ...
Coleman K K Human Performance Laboratory Department of Kinesiology, James Madison University Harrisonburg, VA, USA - - - 2014
There is a paucity of research on responses to exercises using pulsatile movements (PM) compared to using a full range of motion (FM). The purpose of the present study was to compare the physiological responses to PM vs. FM exercises. Eight participants completed two separate exercise sessions, comprised of three ...
Panissa V L VL Department of Sport School of Physical Education and Sport University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate absolute and relative (%V.O2max) oxygen uptake (total, during effort and pause), and time spent above 90% of V.O2max during high-intensity intermittent running in subjects with different training status. Fourteen males were evaluated and divided (moderate and high aerobic power) according to their V.O2max obtained in ...
Dallas G G National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science Dafne, Greece - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of 3 different warm up methods of stretching (static, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, and stretching exercises on a Vibration platform) on flexibility and legs power-jumping performance in competitive artistic gymnasts. Eighteen competitive artistic gymnasts were recruited to participate in this ...
Townsend Logan K LK a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Faculty of Science, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5, - - 2014
Most sprint interval training (SIT) research involves cycling as the mode of exercise and whether running SIT elicits a similar excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) response to cycling SIT is unknown. As running is a more whole-body-natured exercise, the potential EPOC response could be greater when using a running session ...
Tung Chen-Ta CT 1MD, Chief, Section of Obstetrics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West Garden Hospital 2EdD, RN, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Oriental Institute of Technology College 3MS, RN, Chief, Department of Nursing, West Garden Hospital 4MD, Chief, Division of Obstetrics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Far Eastern Memorial - - 2014
Unless advised otherwise by their doctor, pregnant women should get approximately 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days. However, most pregnant women do not exercise regularly and do not meet the American College of Obstetricians Gynecology's standard for the minimum amount of exercise needed to stay healthy during pregnancy. ...
Chan Cliffton C Discipline of Biomedical Science, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia. Tel +61-2-9351 9244. cliffton.chan@ - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of a purpose-designed exercise program on performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) and associated risk factors in a sample of professional orchestral musicians. A 10-week exercise program was made available to full-time musicians employed by the eight premier symphony orchestras of Australia. Questionnaires were administered before, immediately after ...
Zarebska A A Academy of Physical Education and Sport, Department of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk, - - 2014
The GSTP1 c.313A>G polymorphism is a candidate to explain some of the individual differences in cardiorespiratory fitness phenotypes' responses to aerobic exercise training. We aim to explore the association between the GSTP1 c.313A>G polymorphism and the response to low-high impact aerobic exercise training. Sixty-six Polish Caucasian women were genotyped for ...
Rigby Brandon R BR a Baylor - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of cardiorespiratory and pelvic kinematic responses to simulated horseback riding (SHBR) and to characterize responses to SHBR relative to walking in apparently healthy children. Method: Fifteen healthy children (Mage = 9.5 ± 2.6 years) completed SHBR on a commercially available simulator at low ...
Liu Wenfeng W Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Physical Fitness and Sports Rehabilitation, Hunan Normal University , Qingyuan, Guangdong, China ; The Key Laboratory of Protein Chemistry and Developmental Biology of Ministry of Education and Hunan Normal University , Qingyuan, Guangdong, - - 2014
This study elucidated the role of CaN-NFAT signaling and neurotrophins on the transformation of myosin heavy chain isoforms in the rat soleus muscle fiber following aerobic exercise training. To do so, we examined the content and distribution of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoforms in the rat soleus muscle fiber, the ...
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