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Crawford Jennifer J JJ Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E-488 Van Vliet Center, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G - - 2014
Exercise improves numerous psychosocial outcomes in cancer survivors; however, few studies have examined posttraumatic growth. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between exercise and posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors (GCS). Using the Alberta Cancer Registry, a random sample of endometrial, ovarian, and cervical cancer ...
Ussher Michael H MH Population Health Research Institute, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK, SW17 - - 2014
Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage weight gain. To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone, or combined with a smoking cessation programme, are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction ...
Guiraud Thibaut T From the Clinic of Saint-Orens, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center, Saint-Orens-de-Gameville, France (TG, RG, MB, LR, AB); Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), UMR-1048, Toulouse, France (TG, ML); University of Toulouse III: Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France (TG, AP); Department of Rehabilitation, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France (ML); Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France (AP); Pôle Rééducation-Réadaptation and Plateforme d'Investigation Technologique INSERM CIC 1432, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon, Dijon, France (VG); INSERM U1093 « Cognition, Action, et Plasticité Sensorimotrice » 8 Service de Médecine du Sport, CHU Toulouse, Larrey, France (FP); and Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre, Montreal Heart Institute, University of Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate safety, tolerance, relative exercise intensity, and muscle substrate oxidation during sessions performed on a Huber Motion Lab in coronary heart disease patients. After an assessment of V˙O2 peak, 20 coronary heart disease patients participated in two different exercises performed in random order ...
Chanda Makamas M Molecular Hematology Research Unit, Department of Clinical Microscopy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Glucose-6-phospate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient cells are sensitive to oxidative damage leading to the formation of microparticles (MPs). Therefore, we examined the concentration of MPs and changes in the antioxidant balance after an acute strenuous exercise (SEx) and moderate-intensity exercise (MEx). Eighteen healthy females (18-24 years) with G6PD normal and eighteen ...
Barker Tom T Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, The Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Assessment of local tissue oxygenation (StO2) using near infrared spectroscopy is an emerging technique in medical practice with applications in trauma/sepsis management, diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome and assessment of tissue viability. Despite this, there have been little published data on the range of StO2 values in normal subjects. StO2 ...
Simonson T S TS Department of Medicine Division of Physiology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA, 92093 - - 2014
High-altitude natives are challenged by hypoxia and a potential compensation could be reduced blood P50, as seen in several high-altitude mammalian species. In 21 Qinghai Tibetan males and 9 Han Chinese, all resident at 4200 m, standard P50 was calculated from measurements of arterial PO2 and forehead oximeter oxygen saturation ...
Perez-Schindler Joaquin J a School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences , University of Birmingham , Birmingham , - - 2014
Abstract Concurrent training (the combination of endurance exercise to resistance training) is a common practice for athletes looking to maximise strength and endurance. Over 20 years ago, it was first observed that performing endurance exercise after resistance exercise could have detrimental effects on strength gains. At the cellular level, specific ...
- - 2014
High-intensity exercise is safe and more effective than moderate exercise in long-term heart transplant recipients, according to a study in Denmark.
Lin Chih-Hsueh CH Department of Family Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Exercise training is considered a benefit to heart function, but the benefit in aging hearts remains unknown. Activation of the PI3K-Akt survival pathway and suppression of Fas/FADD/caspase-8 apoptotic signaling by exercise training in hearts from young subjects have been described in our previous studies. However, the mechanisms are still unclear ...
Rupp Thomas T 1] HP2 Laboratory, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France [2] INSERM U1042, U836, US 17, Grenoble, France [3] Laboratoire de Physiologie de l'Exercice, Université de Savoie, Chambéry, - - 2014
The present study assessed the isolated and synergetic effects of hypoxic exposure and prolonged exercise on cerebral volume and subedema and symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS). Twelve healthy males performed three semirandomized blinded 11-hour sessions with (1) an inspiratory oxygen fraction (FiO2) of 12% and 4-hour cycling, (2) FiO2=21% ...
Tompuri Tuomo T Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital and University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Biomedicine/Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, - - 2014
In the exercise testing measures of cardiorespiratory fitness need to be scaled by body size or composition to enable comparison between individuals. Traditionally used weight-proportional measures are potentially confounded by body adiposity that hampers their interpretation and applicability in the clinical assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness. We aimed to find the ...
Haramizu Satoshi S Kao - - 2014
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) comprises carbohydrates, membrane-specific proteins, glycoproteins, phospholipids, and sphingolipids. We evaluated the effects of MFGM consumption over a 12-week period on endurance capacity and energy metabolism in BALB/c mice. Long-term MFGM intake combined with regular exercise improved endurance capacity, as evidenced by swimming time until fatigue, ...
Gojanovic B B Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital and University, Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2014
Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a new exercise method, with good acceptance among sedentary subjects. The metabolic response to WBV has not been well documented. 3 groups of male subjects, inactive (SED), endurance (END) and strength trained (SPRINT) underwent a session of side-alternating WBV composed of three 3-min exercises (isometric half-squat, ...
Falcone Paul H PH 1MusclePharm Sports Science Institute, Denver, CO 2University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 3University of Colorado, Denver, CO 4Department of Sports Exercise Science, United States Sports Academy, Daphne, AL, - - 2014
Though exercise regimens vary in content and duration, few studies have compared the caloric expenditure of multiple exercise modalities with the same duration. The purpose of the present study was to compare the energy expenditure of single sessions of resistance, aerobic, and combined exercise with the same duration. Nine recreationally ...
Kline John R JR 1Northern Arizona University, Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training 2Northern Arizona University, Department of Biological Sciences 3Northern Arizona University, Department of Health - - 2014
Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) or anti-gravity treadmills are becoming increasingly popular in sports and rehabilitation settings. Running at decreased body weights reduces metabolic cost, which can be offset by running at faster speeds. To date, however, little is known about how much faster someone must run to offset the ...
Hutchison Alexander T AT 1University of the Incarnate Word, School of Math, Science, & Engineering, Department of Biology, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This investigation determined the efficacy of black currant nectar (BCN) in reducing symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Sixteen college students were randomly assigned to drink either 16 oz of BCN or a placebo (PLA) twice a day for eight consecutive days. A bout of eccentric knee extensions (3 ...
Fortier J J URANIE - USC1335 Nutrition du cheval athlète, AgroSupDijon, Dijon Cedex, - - 2014
In humans, cardiorespiratory responses are widely evaluated from field incremental exercise tests. On the contrary, equine exercise physiology faces a huge lack of oxygen consumption measurements (VO2 ) in field conditions due to technical concerns. The aim of this study was to test the effects of two incremental continuous field ...
Habermann Nina N 1Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center and National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 3Office of Cancer Survivorship, National Cancer Institute/National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; 4Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 5School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 6Division of Nutrition, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; 7Cancer Prevention Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 8School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 9Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New - - 2014
Maintenance of normal weight and higher levels of physical activity are associated with a reduced risk of several types of cancer. As genomic instability is regarded as a hallmark of cancer development, one proposed mechanism is improvement of DNA repair function. We investigated links between dietary weight loss, exercise, and ...
Spindler Christiano C Programa de Pós-Graduação Em Ciências Biológicas: Fisiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Studies have pointed out the relationship between neuroprotective exercise effects and epigenetic mechanisms on the hippocampus. Considering the role of frontal cortex on brain functions, we investigated the impact of different exercise protocols on enzymatic system involved with histone acetylation status, histone acetyltransferases (HATs), and histone desacetylases (HDACs) in frontal ...
Unnithan V B VB Centre for Sport, Health and Exercise Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK, - - 2014
The effects of a short, high-intensity bout of exercise on cardiac systolic and diastolic function are not well understood in adolescent athletes. Consequently, the aims of the study were to evaluate global left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, as well as segmental wall motion responses (cardiac strain), prior to ...
Lai Chao-Hung CH Graduate Institute of Aging Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death (9.1 %) in Taiwan. Heart function deteriorates with age at a rate of 1 % per year. As society ages, we must study the serious problem of cardiovascular disease. SIRT1 regulates important cellular processes, including anti-apoptosis, neuronal protection, cellular senescence, aging, and longevity. ...
Gu Qi Q School of Physical Education, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of present work was to investigate the underlying mechanism of vasculature-protecting effects of exercise training in aged rats. Experiment 1: Aged rats were given moderate-intensity exercise for 12 weeks. Exercise training suppressed advanced glycation evidenced by reduced activity of aldose reductase, increased activity of glyoxalase 1, reduced levels ...
Ihalainen Johanna J Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, P.O Box 35, 40014, Jyväskylä, Finland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute immune response (circulating levels of leukocytes, cytokines and adipocytokines) to maximal resistance (MAX, 15 × 1RM) and hypertrophic resistance (HYP, 5 × 10RM) exercise bouts. Twelve healthy men (age = 28.2 ± 3.5 years, weight = 78.6 ± 10.4 kg, height 178.8 ± 5.0 cm, fat percentage = 16.5 ± 3.5 %) participated in the study. Blood was sampled before, immediately after ...
Gomes Clarissa P C CP Pós-Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília , Brasília, DF , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Context: Circulating miRNAs are potential biomarkers that can be important molecules driving cell-to-cell communication. Objective: To investigate circulating muscle-specific miRNAs in recreational athletes. Materials and methods: Three miRNAs from whole plasma before and after a half-marathon were analyzed by qPCR. Results: MiR-1, -133a, and -206 significantly increased after the ...
Christensen Dirk L DL Unit of International Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine to what extent extreme endurance exercise results in changes of plasma markers associated with cardiac and renal damage, as well as hemolysis in male, Mexican Tarahumara runners. Ten Tarahumara runners (mean (sd) age of 38 (12) years) participated in a 78 km ...
Mckune Andrew J AJ Discipline of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South - - 2014
To determine the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathoadrenal (SA) system response to repeated bouts of downhill running. Eleven active but untrained males (age: 19.7 ± 0.4 y; VO2peak 47.8 ± 3.6 ml/kg/min) performed two 60 min bouts of downhill running (-13.5% gradient), separated by 14 days, at a speed eliciting 75% of their VO2peak ...
Ferreira-Junior J B JB Department of Education, Federal Institute of Triângulo Mineiro, Paracatu, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a single partial-body cryotherapy bout between training sessions on strength recovery. 12 young men (23.9±5.9 years) were randomly exposed to 2 different conditions separated by 7 days: 1) Partial-body cryotherapy (subjects were exposed to 3 min of partial-body cryotherapy at ...
Paraiso L F LF Institute of Genetics and Biochemisty, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, - - 2014
This study evaluated the effects of 2 different types of acute aerobic exercise on the osmotic stability of human erythrocyte membrane and on different hematological and biochemical variables that are associated with this membrane property. The study population consisted of 20 healthy and active men. Participants performed single sessions of ...
Tibana R A RA Graduation Program on Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to correlate the acute and chronic decrease in blood pressure (BP) following resistance training (RT). 13 normotensive women (18-49 years) completed an acute whole body RT session with 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 60% 1RM and then 8 weeks of RT as ...
Lane A D AD Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA, - - 2014
Ventricular and vascular coupling is defined as the ratio of arterial elastance (Ea) to ventricular elastance (Elv) and describes the interaction between the heart and arterial system. There are sex differences in both arterial and ventricular function in response to both acute exercise and aerobic exercise training. To examine the ...
Hutchinson Jasmin C JC Exercise Science and Sport Studies Department, Springfield College, Springfield, MA, USA, - - 2014
There is a paucity of work addressing the distractive, affect-enhancing, and motivational influences of music and video in combination during exercise. We examined the effects of music and music-and-video on a range of psychological and psychophysical variables during treadmill running at intensities above and below ventilatory threshold (VT). Participants (N = 24) ...
Courneya K S KS Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, - - 2014
Background:The Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Trial tested different types and doses of exercise in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Here, we explore potential moderators of the exercise training responses.Methods:Breast cancer patients initiating chemotherapy (N=301) were randomly assigned to three times a week, supervised exercise of a standard dose of ...
Morrison Shawnda A SA University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Context :  Cooling the body before exercise (precooling) has been studied as an ergogenic aid for many thermal conditions; however, airflow accompanying exercise is seldom reported. Objective :  To determine whether the physiologic and ergogenic benefits of precooling before endurance exercise may be negated with semirealistic airflow in hot conditions. ...
Kawabata Fuminori F a Human Life Science R&D Center , Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd , Tokyo , - - 2014
Based on the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on reduction of blood viscosity, we theorized that PUFA could improve aerobic performance by increasing oxygen supply to tissues. Twenty male subjects were randomly divided into two groups (n = 10): a fish ...
Alberton C L CL School of Physical Education, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, - - 2014
This study aimed to compare the oxygen uptake (VO2), the muscle activity of lower limbs, and the vertical ground reaction force (V-GRF) of women performing water aerobic exercises at different intensities. 12 young women performed the experimental protocol, which consisted of 3 water exercises (stationary running [SR], frontal kick [FK] ...
Miller Benjamin F BF Colorado State University - - 2014
The Alaskan Husky has been specifically bred for endurance performance and is capable of extreme endurance performance. We examined sled dogs in the trained state at the beginning of the race season and after a 1600 km race (Iditarod). Our hypothesis was that lipids would be the predominant substrate during ...
Buckley Jude J The University of Auckland, New Zealand - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of a brief tailored intervention on self-efficacy beliefs and exercise energy expenditure in active and inactive overweight and obese women. Participants were randomly assigned to either control (N = 50) or intervention (N = 47) conditions, and their exercise self-efficacy was assessed three times over a 12-week period. Results ...
Taylor J Andrew JA Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School; Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Spaulding Hospital Cambridge, Cambridge Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that hybrid Functional Electrical Stimulation Row Training (FES-RT) would improve aerobic capacity but that it would remain strongly linked to level of spinal cord lesion due to limited maximal ventilation. Longitudinal before-after trial of 6 months FES-RT. Exercise for persons with disabilities program. Fourteen volunteers with ...
Espada Mario C MC 1CIPER. Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon. Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1499-002 Cruz-Quebrada-Dafundo, Portugal. 2School of Education at the Polytechnic Institute of Setubal. Rua da Estefanilha, 2910-761 Setubal, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to understand the ventilatory and physiological responses immediately below and above the maximal lactate steady state velocity (MLSS) and to determine the relationship of oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) kinetics parameters to performance, in swimmers. Competitive athletes (N = 12) completed in random order ...
Nogueira Rossana C RC Griffith Health Institute, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia; School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The CAPO Kids trial was a 9-mo, controlled, school-based intervention to examine the effects of a novel, brief, high intensity exercise regime on indices of musculoskeletal and metabolic health in pre- and early-pubertal girls. A total of 151 pre- and early-pubertal girls (10.6±0.6years), recruited from two different schools consented to ...
Gabbett Tim J TJ School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of prior knowledge of exercise duration on the pacing strategies employed during game-based activities. Twelve semi-professional team sport athletes (mean ± SD age; 22.8 ± 2.1 yr) participated in this study. Players performed three small-sided games in random order. In one condition ("Control"), players were ...
Hasanli Mohsen M 1Department of exercise physiology, Faculty of physical education and sport science, Shahid Bahonar University of kerman, Kerman, Iran 2Department of exercise physiology, Faculty of physical education and sport science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2014
This study predicted aerobic and anaerobic capacities using relative changes of arterial blood lactate during the isocapnic buffering phase (Relative [La]ISBP). Fourteen male professional cyclists ((sprint-trained (n = 6); endurance (n = 8)) performed two exercise sessions to exhaustion on a cycle ergometer; one incremental standard test to determine the ...
Dawes H H Movement Science Group, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, UK Department of Clinical Neurology University of Oxford, UK - - 2014
To explore exercise response in people with Huntington's disease (HD). Experimental observational study with a randomly allocated subgroup before/after interventional study. Community. People with HD (n=30) and a healthy comparator group (n=20). Thirteen people from the HD group were randomly allocated to an exercise training program. Heart rate (HR) and ...
Yamada Takashi T Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2014
Peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) are prognostic in heart failure. We investigated whether LGE-CMR and peak VO2 combined had additive value in risk stratifying patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Fifty-seven DCM patients underwent CMR and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Cardiac ...
Koch Sarah S School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, - - 2014
Inhaled β2-agonists may cause differential effects on lung function and athletic performance in female compared to male athletes. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of inhaled β2-agonists on lung function and cycling performance between female athletes with and without exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and with previously published data ...
Montesi Luca L Luca Montesi, Chiara Caselli, Elena Centis, Chiara Nuccitelli, Simona Moscatiello, Alessandro Suppini, Giulio Marchesini, Unit of Metabolic Diseases and Clinical Dietetics, "Alma Mater Studiorum" University, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, I-40138 Bologna, - - 2014
To determine the clinical effectiveness of intense psychological support to physical activity (PA) in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), compared with cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT). Twenty-two NAFLD cases received support to exercise, tailored to their motivational needs (PA group). The effects on body weight, physical fitness [6-min walk test, VO2max and ...
Zwerink Marlies M Medisch Spectrum Twente, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is still unknown how best to maintain effects of exercise programmes in COPD in the long-term. We present the long-term effects of a community-based exercise programme incorporated in a self-management programme, compared to a self-management programme only in patients with COPD. All included patients participated in four self-management sessions. ...
Fontana Federico Y FY Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that the respiratory compensation point can be accurately determined in healthy participants during incremental cycling exercise using non-invasive near-infrared spectroscopy-derived measures of deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxyHb). Validation study. 118 healthy men (average age 47±19 yrs, range 20-79 yrs) performed an incremental cycling test to exhaustion. Breath-by-breath pulmonary ...
Singh Amaya M AM Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, - - 2014
There is evidence that a single session of aerobic exercise can modulate intracortical inhibition. While decreases in inhibition appear to be a necessary precursor to the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity, it is not known whether aerobic exercise can enhance the response to LTP induction. We investigated whether the ...
Nielsen G G Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore how and why participants in structured exercise intervention programs continue or stop exercising after the program is finished. We conducted four focus group interviews with four groups of middle-aged and elderly men (total n = 28) who had participated in exercise interventions involving playing ...
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