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Zafeiridou M P MP Laboratory of Social Research on Physical Activity Department of Physical Education and Sport Science at Serres Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Serres, Greece - - - 2014
The present study examined the mediating role of exercise identity in the relationship of exercise motivational regulations with weekly frequency of strenuous, moderate, and mild exercise. Data were collected from a sample of 193 Greek exercise participants aged 18-54, using the Revised Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2, the Exercise Identity ...
Murtezani A A Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic University Clinical Center of Kosovo Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo - - - 2014
The effect of exercise training during the course of pregnancy on the newborn's birth weight is unclear. This study examines the effect of aerobic and strength conditioning exercise performed during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy in nulliparous, previously inactive women on the newborn's outcome. Sixty-three nulliparous, previously ...
Gourlan M M Laboratory Epsylon EA4556 Dynamics of Human Capacities and Health Behaviors, University Montpellier 1 Montpellier, France - - - 2014
Regular physical activity (PA) practice represents a key component of obesity treatment. Drawing upon Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of this study was twofold. The first aim was to evaluate among obese adolescents the impact of a supervised exercise program supporting autonomy on their motivation to practice PA at the end ...
Hazell T J TJ Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfried Laurier University Waterloo, Ontario, Canada - - - 2014
We investigated the cardiorespiratory response during acute sprint interval exercise (SIE; 4 x 30 sec maximal efforts, each separated by 4 min recovery) vs. continuous endurance exercise (CEE; 30 min) at 70% VO2max. Oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate were measured in 8 males (age: 23±2.3 y, height: 181±6.4 cm, ...
Vicente-Campous D D Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain - - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether running speed determined in a lactate minimum test (lactate minimum intensity, LMI) during a treadmill incremental exercise performed just after submaximal cycling corresponds to the speed of a respiratory exchange ratio of 1.00 (RER-1) and, by extension, to the maximal ...
Coleman K K Human Performance Laboratory Department of Kinesiology, James Madison University Harrisonburg, VA, USA - - - 2014
There is a paucity of research on responses to exercises using pulsatile movements (PM) compared to using a full range of motion (FM). The purpose of the present study was to compare the physiological responses to PM vs. FM exercises. Eight participants completed two separate exercise sessions, comprised of three ...
Panissa V L VL Department of Sport School of Physical Education and Sport University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate absolute and relative (%V.O2max) oxygen uptake (total, during effort and pause), and time spent above 90% of V.O2max during high-intensity intermittent running in subjects with different training status. Fourteen males were evaluated and divided (moderate and high aerobic power) according to their V.O2max obtained in ...
Dallas G G National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science Dafne, Greece - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of 3 different warm up methods of stretching (static, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, and stretching exercises on a Vibration platform) on flexibility and legs power-jumping performance in competitive artistic gymnasts. Eighteen competitive artistic gymnasts were recruited to participate in this ...
Townsend Logan K LK a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Faculty of Science, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5, - - 2014
Most sprint interval training (SIT) research involves cycling as the mode of exercise and whether running SIT elicits a similar excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) response to cycling SIT is unknown. As running is a more whole-body-natured exercise, the potential EPOC response could be greater when using a running session ...
Tung Chen-Ta CT 1MD, Chief, Section of Obstetrics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West Garden Hospital 2EdD, RN, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Oriental Institute of Technology College 3MS, RN, Chief, Department of Nursing, West Garden Hospital 4MD, Chief, Division of Obstetrics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Far Eastern Memorial - - 2014
Unless advised otherwise by their doctor, pregnant women should get approximately 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days. However, most pregnant women do not exercise regularly and do not meet the American College of Obstetricians Gynecology's standard for the minimum amount of exercise needed to stay healthy during pregnancy. ...
Stephens Natalie A NA Translational Research Institute for Metabolism and Diabetes (N.A.S., L.M.S.), Florida Hospital, Orlando, Florida 32804; and Diabetes and Obesity Research Center (L.M.S.), Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, Orlando, Florida - - 2014
Context: Exercise benefits most, but not all, individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The beneficial effects are well studied, but why some individuals do not respond favorably to exercise training is largely unexplored. It is critical to treatment and prevention strategies to identify individuals with T2D that have a blunted ...
Bongers Coen C W G CC Department of Physiology, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
The presence of impaired thermoregulatory and fluid balance responses to exercise in older individuals is well established. To improve our understanding on thermoregulation and fluid balance during exercise in older individuals, we compared thermoregulatory and fluid balance responses between sexagenarians and octogenarians during prolonged exercise. Forty sexagenarians (60 ± 1 year) and 36 ...
Uchiyama Masateru M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Surgery, Teikyo University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Exercise therapy has been associated with improvement in functional capacity and quality of life. The role of exercise therapy in heart transplant recipients is of great interest for the transplant society, although concerning the effect of exercise therapy there is little knowledge at present. We analyzed the effects of exercise ...
Sousa Ana A 1Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 2Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil 3Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy 4Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia 5Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, LABIOMEP, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
A bioenergetical analysis of different exercise modes near maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) intensity is scarce, hampering the prescription of training to enhance performance. We assessed the time sustained in swimming, rowing, running and cycling at an intensity eliciting VO2max and determined the specific oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics and total energy ...
Patterson Stephen D SD School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University, Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, United - - 2014
Ischemic preconditioning enhances exercise performance. We tested the hypothesis that ischemic preconditioning would improve intermittent exercise in the form of a repeated sprint test during cycling ergometry. In a single-blind, crossover study, fourteen recreationally-active males (mean ± SD; age 22.9 ± 3.7 years, height 1.80 ± 0.07 m, mass 77.3 ...
Andersen Grete G univecity of Copenhagen - - 2014
In healthy individuals post-exercise protein supplementation increases muscle protein anabolism. In patients with muscular dystrophies, aerobic exercise improves muscle function, but the effect of exercise on muscle protein balance is unknown. Therefore, we investigated 1) muscle protein balance before, during, and after exercise and 2) the effect of post-exercise protein-carbohydrate ...
Cortés-Télles Arturo A Respiratory Physiology Department, National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate detailed ventilatory, cardiovascular, and sensory responses to cycle exercise in sedentary patients with well controlled asthma and healthy controls. Methods: Subjects included sedentary patients meeting criteria for well controlled asthma (n=14), and healthy age- and activity-matched controls (n=14). Visit 1 ...
García-Hermoso Antonio A Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca, - - 2014
Patients with fibromyalgia present a reduced capacity of upper and lower limb physical performance and affect their independence in performing everyday activities. The purpose of the present systematic review was to summarize evidence for the effectiveness and structure of exercise programs on functional aerobic capacity in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. ...
Choi Jun Hwan JH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine (Drs Choi, Kim, Han, Kim, and Lee, and Mr Yoon) and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (Drs Joo and Kim), Jeju National University Hospital, University of Jeju School of Medicine, Jeju, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate cardiorespiratory responses during exercise stress tests using an aquatic treadmill and a land-based treadmill in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Twenty-one stable CAD patients were enrolled. All patients participated in 2 symptom-limited incremental exercise tests, using both an aquatic and a land treadmill. For the aquatic treadmill ...
Elliott-Sale K J KJ Sport, Health and Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Group, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, - - 2014
The prevalence of excessive gestation weight gain, extended postpartum weight retention and pregravid obese women is increasing and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. To review the evidence from studies employing exercise-only interventions for weight management among pregnant and postpartum women. Ten databases were searched for randomised controlled trials ...
Dale Marita T - - 2014
The study aimed to determine the short and long-term effects of exercise training on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared to usual care in people with dust-related pleural and interstitial respiratory diseases. No previous studies have specifically evaluated exercise training in this patient population. Participants with a ...
Pearl Rebecca L - - 2014
Objective: This research explores the effects of belief in a just world on exercise and psychological well-being among individuals who have experienced weight bias. Methods: In Study 1, 804 participants in an online study reported belief in a just world; exercise intentions, motivation, self-efficacy, and behavior; experiences with weight bias; ...
Tschentscher Marcus M University Institute of Sports Medicine, Prevention and Rehabilitation, Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg, - - 2014
High-intensity interval training has recently emerged as superior to continuous endurance training in cardiac rehabilitation upon other training regimes. Individually tailored continuous endurance training and pyramid training could induce comparable effects on peak work capacity as high intensity interval training. A prospective, randomized study. Effects of the following isocaloric cycle ...
Yamaguchi Yuji Y Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka, 816-8580, - - 2014
Visual stimulation increases the blood flow in the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), which supplies blood to the visual cortex by neurovascular coupling (NVC). Relative contributions of vasodilatation and pressor response on NVC during dynamic exercise are still unknown. We measured the blood flow velocity in the PCA (PCAv) by transcranial ...
Pandey Ambarish A Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
-Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is common and characterized by exercise intolerance and lack of proven effective therapies. Exercise training has been shown to be effective in improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in patients with systolic heart failure. In this meta-analysis, we aim to evaluate the effects of exercise ...
Jørgensen Arve A Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Olavs University Hospital, Post Box 3250, 7006, Trondheim, Norway, - - 2014
Decompression sickness (DCS) caused by vascular bubble formation is a major risk when diving. Prior studies have shown that physical exercise has a significant impact in both reducing and increasing bubble formation. There is limited knowledge about the mechanisms, but there are indications that exercise-induced muscle injury prior to diving ...
Konhilas John P JP University of Arizona - - 2014
The heart adapts to exercise stimuli in a sex dimorphic manner when mice are fed the traditional soy-based chow. Females undergo more voluntary exercise (4 weeks) than males and exhibit more cardiac hypertrophy per kilometer run (18, 32). We have found that diet plays a critical role in cage wheel ...
Notarius Catherine F CF University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital Division of Cardiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
The reflex fibular muscle sympathetic nerve (MSNA) response to dynamic handgrip exercise is elicited at a lower threshold in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The present aim was to test the hypothesis that the contra-lateral MSNA response to mild to moderate dynamic one-legged exercise is augmented in HFrEF ...
Najafi Farid F Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, (Dr Najafi), and Imam Ali Hospital (Dr Nalini), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, - - 2014
The efficacy of alternative delivery models for a cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) in low- and middle-income countries is not well documented. This study compared the traditional hospital-based CRP with a hybrid CRP in western Iran. This observational study was conducted with postcoronary surgery patients in Imam-Ali Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran. ...
Williams Paul T PT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, - - 2014
Background: Whether lifestyle affects Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk remains controversial. Objective: Test whether exercise, diet, or statins affect AD mortality in 153,536 participants of the National Runners' and Walkers' Health Studies. Methods: Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were obtained from Cox proportional hazard analyses for AD ...
Hayes Lawrence D LD Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, UK, - - 2014
Due to its noninvasive, convenient, and practical nature, salivary testosterone (sal-T) and cortisol (sal-C) are frequently used in a clinical and applied setting. However, few studies report biological and analytical error and even fewer report the 'critical difference' which is the change required before a true biological difference can be ...
Giles Grace E GE aDepartment of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford bCognitive Science Team, US Army NSRDEC, Natick, Massachusetts cDepartment of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2014
Both acute and chronic exercise is consistently associated with a number of benefits to physical and mental health, including cardiovascular function, body weight, mood, and cognition. Near-infrared spectroscopy is an ideal method to measure changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb and dHb) levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during ...
Gómez-Banoy N N . División de Lípidos y Diabetes, Departamento Ciencias Fisiológicas, Facultad deMedicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia - - - 2014
Regular physical activity improves the metabolic profile of patients, though the biological mechanisms involved are not yet clear. The anti--inflammatory effects of exercise are well known and are possibly related to its therapeutic properties. The aim of this study was to compare changes in the concentration of an anti--inflammatory cytokine ...
Monteiro de Barros C L CL Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, School of Physical Education, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the power output at the Maximal Lactate Steady State (MLSS) with the power output at the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) and at the Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation (OBLA) under both temperate (TEMP) (22ºC) and hot (HOT) (40ºC) environments. Eight young ...
Camic Clayton L CL Human Performance Laboratory, Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, - - 2014
The purposes of the present study were two fold: (1) to determine if the model used for estimating the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold (PWCFT) from electromyographic (EMG) amplitude data during incremental cycle ergometry could be applied to treadmill running to derive a new neuromuscular fatigue threshold for ...
Esposito Fabio F Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, - - 2014
Doubt still remains as to whether peripheral vascular and skeletal muscle dysfunction a ccompany the compromised cardiac function associated with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of HFrEF on the hemodynamic and metabolic responses to exercise with both a ...
Kallianos Anastasios A 2nd Pulmonary Clinic, Sotiria General Hospital, Athens School of Medicine, Athens, - - 2014
Lung resection is still the only potentially curative therapy for patients with localized non-small lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the presence of cardiovascular comorbidities and underlying lung disease increases the risk of postoperative complications. Various studies have evaluated the use of different preoperative tests in order to identify patients with an ...
Caruso F C FC Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Federal University of Sao Carlos, SaoCarlos, Brazil - - - 2014
Resistance exercise (RE) is an important part of cardiac rehabilitation. However, it is not know about the low intensity of RE training that could modify the heart rate variability (HRV), muscular strength and endurance in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). To investigate the effects of high repetition/low load resistance ...
Stone Vinícius - - 2014
Objectives Moderate exercise is known to have health benefits, while both sedentarism and strenuous exercise have pro-oxidant effects. In this study, we assessed the effect of moderate exercise on the antioxidant homeostasis of rats' hippocampi. Methods Female Wistar rats were submitted to a 30-minute swimming protocol on 5 days a ...
Tsao Jung-Piao JP a Department of Physical Education , National Taichung University of Education , Taichung , - - 2014
Abstract Present study examined the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on glycogen resynthesis in exercised human skeletal muscle. Twelve male participants completed a cross-over trial with CLA (3.8 g/day for 8 week) or placebo supplements by separation of 8 weeks. CLA is a mixture of trans-10 cis-12 and cis-9 trans-11 isomers ...
Redpath Calum J CJ aArrhythmia Service and the Cellular Electrophysiology Laboratory, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa bDivision of Cardiology, Departments of Physiology and Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Endurance exercise, despite a plethora of proven health benefits, is increasingly recognized as a potential cause of lone atrial fibrillation. Moderate exercise reduces all-cause mortality and protects against developing atrial fibrillation. However, more intense exercise regimes confer modest incremental health benefits, induce cardiac remodelling and negate some of the cardiovascular ...
Kusy Krzysztof K 1Department of Athletics, Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and Rehabilitation, Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, Poznań, - - 2014
So far aging studies have concentrated on endurance athletes. Master sprint-trained athletes were not the main focus of attention. We propose the novel hypothesis that the sprint model of lifelong physical training which involves high-intensity exercise is at least as beneficial as moderate-intensity endurance exercise for successful aging. The article ...
Rathleff M S MS Department of Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is common among adolescents and associated with long-lasting pain and disability. Patient education and exercise therapy are commonly used treatments in primary and secondary care but the effect of these treatments in adolescents is unknown. We aimed to determine the effect of exercise therapy as an add-on ...
Hoff Paula P 1] Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Berlin, Germany [2] Deutsches Rheuma-Forschungszentrum (DRFZ), Berlin, Germany [3] Berlin-Brandenburg Center of Regenerative Therapies (BCRT), Berlin, - - 2014
Exercise at regular intervals is assumed to have a positive effect on immune functions. Conversely, after spaceflight and under simulated weightlessness (e.g., bed rest), immune functions can be suppressed. We aimed to assess the effects of simulated weightlessness (Second Berlin BedRest Study; BBR2-2) on immunological parameters and to investigate the ...
Nogueira Rossana C RC School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, - - 2014
To test the effect of a brief, novel bone- and fat-targeted exercise program on bone, muscle and fat in healthy pre and peripubertal boys. We conducted a 10-min, 3/wk capoeira and jumping exercise intervention for 9 months with year 5 and 6 school boys. Anthropometrics, maturity, heart rate, blood pressure, ...
Burden Richard J RJ 1Centre for Health, Applied Sport and Exercise Science, St. Mary's University, Twickenham, UK; 2British Athletics, Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, London, UK; 3Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK; 4Division of Surgery, University College London, London, UK; 5ORRECO, Institute of Technology, Sligo, Ireland; 6Department of Clinical Chemistry, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK 7Research Department of Structural and Molecular Biology, University College, London, - - 2014
Iron deficient athletes are often treated with long term, low dose iron therapy. Such treatments may be efficacious in correcting iron deficiency, however the effect on acute and chronic iron metabolism and subsequent endurance capacity is less clear. Fifteen national and international standard runners were identified as iron deficient non-anaemic ...
Yardley Jane E JE Department of Social Sciences, University of Alberta, Camrose, Alberta, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with hypertension, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In adults, blood pressure (BP) responses to exercise are predictive of these complications. To determine if the hemodynamic response to exercise is exaggerated in youth with dysglycemia (T2D/impaired glucose tolerance-DG) compared to normoglycemic overweight/obese (OB) ...
Thackray Alice E AE Department of Sport, Exercise & Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United - - 2014
Eleven healthy girls (mean(SD): age 12.1(0.6) years) completed three, 2-day conditions in a counterbalanced, crossover design. On day 1, participants either walked at 60(2)% peak oxygen uptake (energy deficit 1.55(0.20) MJ) (EX), restricted food energy intake (energy deficit 1.51(0.25) MJ) (ER) or rested (CON). On day 2, capillary blood samples ...
Youssef Hala H Laboratory 'Mouvement Sport Santé', University of Rennes 2, ENS Cachan, UFR-APS, Rennes Cedex, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether aerobic training could reduce lipid peroxidation and inflammation at rest and after maximal exhaustive exercise in overweight/obese adolescent girls. Thirty-nine adolescent girls (14-19 years old) were classified as non-obese or overweight/obese and then randomly assigned to either the non-trained or trained group (12-week multivariate ...
Guy Joshua H JH Sport and Exercise Science, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, - - 2014
Extreme environmental conditions present athletes with diverse challenges; however, not all sporting events are limited by thermoregulatory parameters. The purpose of this leading article is to identify specific instances where hot environmental conditions either compromise or augment performance and, where heat acclimation appears justified, evaluate the effectiveness of pre-event acclimation ...
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