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Giles Grace E GE aDepartment of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford bCognitive Science Team, US Army NSRDEC, Natick, Massachusetts cDepartment of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2014
Both acute and chronic exercise is consistently associated with a number of benefits to physical and mental health, including cardiovascular function, body weight, mood, and cognition. Near-infrared spectroscopy is an ideal method to measure changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb and dHb) levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during ...
Black Melissa J MJ a UNSW - - 2014
We examined the impact of offset controllability (capability of losing weight) and offset effort (efforts to lose weight) on judgments of an obese target. Participants (n = 216) read about an obese person whose body weight was controllable/uncontrollable, and who did/did not put in effort to eat healthily and exercise. ...
Uthman Olalekan A OA Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK Warwick Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery (WCAHRD), Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL - - 2014
Which types of exercise intervention are most effective in relieving pain and improving function in people with lower limb osteoarthritis? As of 2002 sufficient evidence had accumulated to show significant benefit of exercise over no exercise. An approach combining exercises to increase strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity is most likely ...
Moulsdale Hilary J HJ Public Health - - 2014
Poliovirus importations and related outbreaks continue to occur in polio-free countries, including those in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region. National preparedness plans for responding to poliovirus introduction are insufficient in many countries of the European Region. We describe a series of polio outbreak simulation exercises that were implemented ...
Sun P P Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Acute aerobic exercise produces post-exercise hypotension (PEH). Chinese populations have lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease compared to Caucasians. PEH may be associated cardiovascular disease through its influence on hypertension. The purpose of this study was to compare PEH between Caucasian and Chinese subjects following acute aerobic exercise. 62 (30 Caucasian ...
Parker Simpson L L Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United - - 2014
We investigated the influence of hypoxia on the asymptote (critical power, CP) and the curvature constant (W') of the hyperbolic power-duration relationship, as measured by both conventional and all-out testing procedures. 13 females completed 5 constant-power prediction trials and a 3-min all-out test to estimate CP and W', in both ...
Coull Nicole A NA Department of Sport Science and Physical Activity, Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research (ISPAR), University of Bedfordshire, Bedford, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tyrosine (TYR) ingestion on cognitive and physical performance during soccer-specific exercise in a warm environment. Eight male soccer players completed an individualised 90 min soccer-simulation intermittent soccer performance test (iSPT), on a non-motorised treadmill, on two occasions, within an environmental ...
Coquart Jérémy B JB Faculty of Sport Sciences, EA 3832, CETAPS, University of Rouen, Mont Saint Aignan, France, - - 2014
We assessed the validity of predicting peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2 peak) from the relationship between oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2) and overall ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) obtained during the initial stages of a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Fifteen healthy participants and 18 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
Coisne Augustin A Service d'Explorations Fonctionnelles Cardio-Vasculaires, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France, - - 2014
Exercise transthoracic echocardiography (ExE) was recently proposed to evaluate tolerance and help risk stratification of mitral regurgitation (MR). Few data are available on the feasibility of Doppler echocardiographic recordings at exercise in daily practice in both secondary and primary MR. Comprehensive resting and ExE were performed in 72 unselected patients ...
Zhang Yi - - 2014
The switching exercise (e.g., Interval Training) has been a commonly used exercise protocol nowadaysfor the enhancement of exerciser's cardiovascular fitness. The current difficulty for simulating humanonset and offset exercise responses regarding the switching exercise is to ensure the continuity of theoutputs during onset-offset switching, as well as to accommodate the ...
Beitler Jeremy R JR Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Because cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) aids in prognostic assessment of heart disease, there is rising interest in its utility for cardiovascular risk stratification of patients with OSA. However, the relationship between OSA and exercise capacity is unclear. ...
Scribbans T D TD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada - - - 2014
There is currently little information regarding the ability of metabolic prediction equations to accurately predict oxygen uptake and exercise intensity from HR during intermittent sport. The purpose of the present study was to develop and, cross--validate equations appropriate for accurately predicting oxygen cost (VO2) and energy expenditure from heart rate ...
Zajenkowski Marcin M a Faculty of Psychology , University of Warsaw, Warsaw , - - 2014
Abstract In the present study, we examined mood changes following dancing. Previous works suggested that contextual factors may influence affective states; it has been shown that changes in mood following competition differ from those following recreational exercise. The study has been conducted in Warsaw, Poland. Mood was assessed before and ...
Lewis Nathan A NA English Institute of Sport, Bath, UK, - - 2014
The production of reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS) is a fundamental feature of mammalian physiology, cellular respiration and cell signalling, and essential for muscle function and training adaptation. Aerobic and anaerobic exercise results in alterations in redox homeostasis (ARH) in untrained, trained and well trained athletes. Low to ...
Cincin Altug A Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to be associated with increased incidence of adverse cardiovascular events, but underlying pathophysiological mechanism has not been clearly demonstrated. Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and impairment in this system is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The aim ...
Hill M M Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, University of Northampton, Northampton, - - 2014
Age-predicted maximal heart rate (HRMAX ) equations are commonly used for the purpose of prescribing exercise regimens, as criteria for achieving maximal exertion and for diagnostic exercise testing. Despite the growing popularity of upper body exercise in both healthy and clinical settings, no recommendations are available for exercise modes using ...
Gloeckl Rainer R Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee, - - 2014
Background: The Oxymizer® is a special nasal cannula that provides a higher luminal diameter in combination with an incorporated oxygen (O2) reservoir. It is assumed that a higher O2 concentration can be delivered breath by breath in order to increase oxygenation. Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of the ...
van der Hoop Julie M JM http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2327-9000 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States; - - 2014
Attaching bio-telemetry or -logging devices ('tags') to marine animals for research and monitoring adds drag to streamlined bodies, affecting posture, swimming gaits and energy balance. These costs have never been measured in free-swimming cetaceans. To examine the effect of drag from a tag on metabolic rate, cost of transport, and ...
Horn P P Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Exercise stimulates increases in heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO). These adaptive mechanisms are strongly dependent on the type of exercise. Both rowing and cycling are widely used for physical training worldwide; however, evidence regarding the differences in major hemodynamic parameters during rowing and cycling remains ...
de Araujo G G GG Sports Science Research Group - Federal University of Alagoas, UFAL - Maceio AL, Brazil. - - 2014
The interval model has been more recommended to promote aerobic adaptations due to recovery period that enables the execution of elevated intensity and as consequence, higher workload in relation to continuous. However, the physiological and aerobic capacity adaptations in interval training with identical workload to continuous are still uncertain. The ...
Eijnde Bert O BO Rehabilitation Research Center (REVAL), Biomed, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, - - 2014
Whole-body cooling improves exercise tolerance in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). To be able to exercise at greater intensities and/or for longer durations with whole-body cooling, it should be examined whether this compromises skeletal muscle oxidative capacity (assessed by exercise-onset VO2 kinetics). To study the impact of whole-body cooling on ...
Asano Ricardo Yukio RY Ricardo Yukio Asano, Universidade Mogi das Cruzes, Center of Health Sciences, Mogi das Cruzes 08770-490, - - 2014
The literature has shown the efficiency of exercise in the control of type 2 diabetes (T2D), being suggested as one of the best kinds of non-pharmacological treatments for its population. Thus, the scientific production related to this phenomenon has growing exponentially. However, despite its advances, still there is a lack ...
Meyns P P Movement control and Neuroplasticity, Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Heverlee, - - 2014
Study design:Case series.Objectives:To determine the optimal testing speed at which the recovery of the EMG (electromyographic) activity should be assessed during and after body weight supported (BWS) locomotor training.Setting:Tertiary hospital, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.Methods:Four participants with incomplete chronic SCI were included for BWS locomotor training; one AIS-C and three ...
Zimmermann Matthew Robert MR a School of Sport Science , Exercise & Health , The University of Western Australia , Crawley , WA , - - 2014
Abstract Studies have reported the benefits of pre-cooling prior to exercise in the heat for male athletes, but at this time no research has investigated female athletes. The aim of the following study was to test the effects of pre-cooling on female repeat sprint performance in hot, humid conditions; namely ...
Skarpańska-Stejnborn Anna A Department of Morphological and Health Sciences, Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wlkp., Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland, - - 2014
Physical exercise, especially intense physical exercise, causes a number of unfavorable changes, including an increase in the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines with the resultant sequestration of iron in macrophages and decreased iron absorption. This can lead to a reduced supply of iron for erythroid progenitor cells and promote the development ...
Cairns Ross S RS *Newcastle Sports Medicine, Charlestown, Australia; and †School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, - - 2014
(1) To examine the incidence of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) during and after an ultramarathon and (2) to evaluate hypothesized nonosmotic stimuli [interleukin-6 (IL-6), hypoglycemia, ambient temperature] with arginine vasopressin (AVP) concentrations in hyponatremic versus normonatremic runners. Prospective cohort study. The Great North Walk 100s ultramarathons. Fifteen runners participated in either ...
Sperling Milena Pelosi Rizk MP Programa de Pós-graduação Interunidades Bioengenharia (EESC/FMRP/IQSC), Universidade de São Paulo, USP, São Carlos, SC, Brasil; Laboratório de Fisioterapia Cardiopulmonar, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, UFSCar, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Non-invasive assessment of haemodynamic function by impedance cardiography (IC) constitutes an interesting approach to monitor cardiac function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, such measurements are most often performed at rest, whereas symptoms are also possible during exertion, particularly at higher intensities. In addition, the association between IC ...
Colakoglu Muzaffer M a School of Physical Education and Sports, Coaching Education Department , Ege University , Izmir , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether greater and sustainable stroke volume (SV) responses may be obtained by exercise intensities corresponding to peak SV (SVpeak) vs. maximal O2 consumption ([Formula: see text]), and short vs. long intervals (SI vs. LI). Nine moderate- to well-trained male athletes competing ...
Stanton Robert R Institute for Health and Social Science Research, Centre for Mental Health Nursing Innovation, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, - - 2014
To investigate the views of general practitioners (GPs) regarding exercise and the treatment of depression. Twenty GPs completed a 25-item survey investigating their knowledge, beliefs, perceived benefits and barriers, and recommendations to patients regarding exercise for the treatment of depression. The exercise habits of the GPs were also recorded. GPs ...
Quinteiro Hugo H From the 1Laboratory of Translational Physiology, Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil; 2Hypertension Unit, Heart Institute (InCor), School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; and 3Facultad de Farmácia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise training or resistance exercise training on cardiac morphometric, functional, and oxidative stress parameters in rats with ovarian hormone deprivation and diabetes. Female Wistar rats (200-220 g) were divided into a sham-operated group (euglycemic sham-operated sedentary [ES]; n ...
Ramadi Ailar A Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (Ms Ramadi, Drs Haennel and Haykowsky); Department of Cardiac Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (Drs Stone, Aggarwal, and Martin); Department of Physical Therapy and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago (Dr Arena); Total Cardiology Rehabilitation and Risk Reduction Center, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (Drs Stone and Aggarwal, Mr Threlfall, Ms Hitt); and Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (Drs Stone and - - 2014
Although participation in either center- or home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can improve exercise capacity, the sustainability of this improvement following completion of the CR program is challenging. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate and 1-year effectiveness of center- versus home-based CR on exercise capacity in cardiac ...
Keyser Randall E RE Department of Rehabilitation Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA (Drs Keyser, Woolstenhulme, and Chin); Rehabilitation Medicine Department, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, MD (Drs Keyser, Chin, Chan, and Woolstenhulme and Mr Drinkard); and Department of Medicine (Drs Nathan, Weir, and Lamberti) and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA (Ms - - 2014
To characterize the cardiorespiratory response to exercise before and after aerobic exercise training in patients with interstitial lung disease. We performed a clinical study, examining 13 patients (New York Heart Association/World Health Organization Functional class II or III) before and after 10 weeks of supervised treadmill exercise walking, at 70% ...
Jones Lee W LW Lee W. Jones, Emily Tonorezos, Charles A. Sklar, Kevin C. Oeffinger, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Qi Liu, Yutaka Yasui, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Gregory T. Armstrong, Kirsten K. Ness, Leslie L. Robison, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN; Katie Devine, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ; Luisa Soares-Miranda, Research Center in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Pamela S. Douglas, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. - - 2014
Survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are at increased risk of treatment-related cardiovascular (CV) events; whether exercise modifies this risk is unknown. Survivors of HL (n = 1,187; median age, 31.2 years) completed a questionnaire evaluating vigorous-intensity exercise behavior. CV events were collected in follow-up questionnaires and graded according to Common ...
Devereux Gavin R GR School of Science, Technology and Health, University Campus Suffolk, Ipswich, UK, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to investigate the effect of 4 weeks of bilateral-leg isometric exercise training on the immediate isometric post-exercise cardiovascular responses, and (2) to ascertain whether any changes in immediate post-exercise cardiovascular responses may be associated with training-induced adaptations in resting blood pressure. Thirteen normotensive ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Little is known about the impact of exercise training on conduit artery wall thickness in type 2 diabetes. We examined the local and systemic impact of exercise training on superficial femoral (SFA), brachial (BA), and carotid artery (CA) wall thickness in type 2 diabetes patients and controls. Twenty patients with ...
Mestriner Régis Gemerasca RG Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas: Fisiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil; Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil; Faculdade de Enfermagem, Nutrição e Fisioterapia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil; Laboratório de Biologia Celular e Tecidual, Departamento de Ciências Morfofisiológicas, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stroke, broadly subdivided into ischemic and hemorrhagic subtypes, is a serious health-care problem worldwide. Previous studies have suggested ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke could present different functional recovery patterns. However, little attention has been given to this neurobiological finding. Coincidently, astrocyte morphology could be related to improved sensorimotor recovery after skilled ...
Suksom D D Faculty of Sports Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on body weight and vascular reactivity in overweight individuals. A total of 41 overweight women aged 30--45 years (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m²) were randomized into sedentary time control (CON; n=15), traditional aerobic dance ...
Stensrud Trine T Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Fractional expired nitric oxide (FENO ) is decreased after exercise. The effect of exercise in the cold upon FENO is unknown. To examine changes in FENO after a short, high intensive exercise test in a cold and in a temperate environment. Twenty healthy well-trained subjects (eight females) aged 18-28 years performed ...
Merry K L KL School of Science, University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom - - - 2014
This study evaluated the effects of protocol variation on the time spent exercising at ≥ 95% VO2max during cycle ergometer trials performed at the exercise intensity associated with VO2max (iVO2max). Nine male triathletes (age: 32 ± 10 years; body mass: 73.3 ± 6.1 kg; stature: 1.79 ± 0.07 m; VO2max: ...
Li Y Y Faculty of Sport Science, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany - - - 2014
Maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) is widely utilized in calculating energy production during supra-maximal exercises. Since its introduction by Medbo et al. in 1988,debate on MAOD existed. The purpose of this review was to summarize the development and description of MAOD and another method of calculating energy production (Pcr--La--O2). We ...
Okada Triana R R Federal Police Department, Brasília, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to verify the effect of information on remaining time on physiological and perceptual responses during an intermittent exercise. Ten trained cyclists participated in this study (176 ± 0.4 cm; 78.5 ± 10.4 kg; 32.5 ± 6.0 years; peak power output: 369.8 ± 37.8 ...
Piacentini M F MF Dipartimento di Scienze Motorie, Umane e della Salute, University "Foro Italico," Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate heart rate (HR), salivary cortisol (sC) alpha--amylase (sAA) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in relation to competition outcome during a half marathon. HR was monitored and salivary samples were collected during an official half marathon in five Master endurance runners ...
Hamasaki A A Katsuura Orthopaedics Clinic, Chiba, Japan - - - 2014
It is unclear whether the slowed time constant of phase II in pulmonary oxygen uptake on--kinetics (VO2τ) in unfit and inactive men would be shortened by low exercise intensity (low--intensity) walking training. We therefore tested the hypothesis that the slowed VO2τ in sedentary population would speed up due to low--intensity ...
Lau Keith K KK Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, HSC 3A50, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 4K1, - - 2014
Children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are chronically exposed to high levels of inflammation, placing them at an increased risk of secondary health complications. Regular exercise may represent an effective therapy to reduce inflammation. The aims of this pilot study were to determine the effects of acute exercise ...
Kamimura Akiko A Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a significant public health problem in women's health. This study examined relationship between body esteem, exercise motivations, depression, and social support among female free clinic patients. Low-income women who are at risk for obesity and other health concerns would benefit from health education efforts. We compared 299 female ...
Joshi Pushpa Raj PR Department of Neurology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-deficient fibers and multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions are frequent findings in sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM). However, the functional impact of these defects is not known. We investigated oxygen desaturation during exercise using the forearm exercise test, accumulation of lactate during exercise using a cycle ergometry ...
Gomes-Neto Mansueto M Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvado, BA, - - 2014
The use of yoga as an effective cardiac rehabilitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to examine the effects of yoga on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with CHF. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Oosthuyse Tanja T a Exercise Laboratory, School of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of the Witwatersrand , Johannesburg , South - - 2014
Abstract There is a paucity of studies that have evaluated substrate utilisation and protein catabolism during multiday strenuous exercise in athletes. Eleven well-trained male cyclists completed 3 h of race-simulated cycling on 4 consecutive days. Cyclist exercised 2 h postprandially and with carbohydrate supplementation (~50 g · h(-1)) during exercise. Whole body substrate ...
Greer Beau Kjerulf BK 1Physical Therapy and Human Movement Science, Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, CT, - - 2014
ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of 30 days of β-alanine supplementation on peak aerobic power and ventilatory threshold (VT) in aerobically fit males. Fourteen males (28.8 ± 9.8 yrs) were assigned to either a β-alanine (SUPP) or placebo (PLAC) group; groups were matched for ...
Best Stuart Alexander SA James Cook - - 2014
Abnormal heart rate recovery (HRR) after maximal exercise may indicate autonomic dysfunction and is a predictor for cardiovascular mortality. HRR is attenuated with ageing and in middle-age hypertensive patients but it is unknown if HRR is attenuated in older-age adults with hypertension. This study compared HRR between 16 unmedicated Stage ...
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