Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1641
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Stock Matt S - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to calculate test-retest reliability statistics for peak barbell velocity during the free-weight bench-press exercise for loads corresponding to 10-90% of the 1-repetition maximum (1RM). Twenty-one healthy, resistance-trained men (mean ± SD age = 23.5 ± 2.7 years; body mass = 90.5 ± 14.6 kg; ...
Shojaei Ebrahim Akhtari - - 2011
Based on the inconsistency of some previous results related to moderate exercise effects on systemic inflammatory responses, this study was conducted to determine the effects of 45 minutes of moderate aerobic cycling on inflammatory markers, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), C-reactive protein (CRP), and leucocyte counts in young active men. Ten ...
Tyler Christopher James - - 2011
Cooling the neck region can improve the ability to exercise in a hot environment. It might improve performance by dampening the perceived level of thermal strain, allowing individuals to override inhibitory signals. To investigate whether the enhanced ability to exercise in a hot environment observed when cooling the neck region ...
Melo Mônica O - - 2011
The understanding of the external mechanics of Pilates exercises and the biomechanics of the joints may guide the prescription of rehabilitation exercises. To evaluate the resistance torque (Γ(R)) during hip extension (HE) exercises performed on the Pilates Cadillac. To perform a biomechanic analysis of the Γ(R) and the weighted mean ...
Wood Laurence R J LR Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, ST7 8AE, - - 2011
Exercise therapy for knee pain and osteoarthritis remains a key element of conservative treatment, recommended in clinical guidelines. Yet systematic reviews point to only modest benefits from exercise interventions.One reason for this might be that clinical trials tend to use a one-size-fits-all approach to exercise, effectively disregarding the details of ...
Azad Ahmad A Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Zanjan University, Zanjan, - - 2011
In healthy teenagers, obesity and physical inactivity are the two main factors that affect respiratory function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise training on improving lung function in overweight and obese students. Thirty overweight or obese subjects with poor endurance performance and mild ...
Bouchard Claude - - 2011
Low cardiorespiratory fitness is a powerful predictor of morbidity and cardiovascular mortality. In 473 sedentary adults, all whites, from 99 families of the Health, Risk Factors, Exercise Training, and Genetics (HERITAGE) Family Study, the heritability of gains in maximal O(2) uptake (VO(2max)) after exposure to a standardized 20-wk exercise program ...
Dinh N V - - 2010
Limited ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion (DF PROM) has been associated with lower extremity overuse injuries. Therefore, clinicians often prescribe stretching exercises to increase ankle DF PROM. However, there is limited evidence to indicate if any particular gastrocnemius stretching exercise results in greater improvement in DF PROM. The aim ...
Hostettler S - - 2010
Study design:The study is conducted on the basis of comparative-repeated measures.Objectives:The objective of this study is to assess the reliability of non-invasive cardiac output (CO) measurements in individuals with tetraplegia (TP) at rest and during exercise using Innocor, and to test the hypothesis that CO measurements are less reliable in ...
Ballaz Laurent - - 2010
Purpose. To evaluate the effect and feasibility of a 10-week group aquatic training programme on gait efficiency in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). The secondary purpose was to determine the exercise intensity during aquatic training in a heterogeneous group of adolescents with CP and to investigate the impact of the training ...
Cotrim Carlos - - 2010
The development of significant intraventricular gradients (IVGs) during exercise has been described anecdotally in athletes. However, the prevalence and clinical effect of this observation are unclear. In addition, the most appropriate exercise technique (upright vs semisupine) for eliciting IVGs also remains unknown. The present study had 2 main aims: (1) ...
Ganio Matthew S - - 2011
Caffeine (CAF) ingestion may enhance endurance exercise by lowering perceived exertion (RPE) and muscle pain. However, exercise in the heat may be detrimental to performance by increasing RPE and pain. The purpose of this study was to examine if caffeine affects pain and related perceptual responses differently in cool and ...
Shimada Hiroyuki - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the interrelationships between lower limb muscle performance, balance, gait and falls in older people using structural equation modeling. Study participants were two hundred and thirteen people aged 65 years and older (mean age, 80.0±7.1 years), who used day-care services in Japan. The ...
Joshi Sandeep - - 2011
The ideal provocative maneuver in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a subject of ongoing investigation. Standing is a fundamental activity of daily life. This study examined acquisition of standing, Valsalva, and post-exercise left ventricular outflow tract gradients in HCM. Rest supine, standing, and post-Valsalva gradients were measured in 98 ...
Lee Ling-Ling - - 2011
Estimates of the reliability and validity of the English nine-item Outcome Expectations for Exercise (OEE) scale have been tested and found to be valid for use in various settings, particularly among older people, with good internal consistency and validity. Data on the use of the OEE scale among older Chinese ...
Klika Riggs J - - 2011
Selected physiological responses, including lactate kinetics, to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were evaluated among a group of cancer survivors (CS, n = 55) and healthy controls (HC, n = 213). It was uncertain if lactate testing in a group of cancer survivors could provide useful information about training intensity. It was hypothesized that chemotherapy, ...
Willbond S M - - 2010
The limited potential of exercise to induce weight loss could be partly due to the overestimation of the energy cost of exercise. The objectives of this study were twofold: 1) to investigate whether men and women are able to accurately estimate exercise energy expenditure (EE); and 2) to determine whether ...
Youdas James W - - 2010
This study compared a conventional pull-up and chin-up with a rotational exercise using Perfect·Pullup™ twisting handles. Twenty-one men (24.9 ± 2.4 years) and 4 women (23.5 ± 1 years) volunteered to participate. Electromyographic (EMG) signals were collected with DE-3.1 double-differential surface electrodes at a sampling frequency of 1,000 Hz. The ...
Ganio Matthew S - - 2011
It is well established that caffeine ingestion during exercise enhances endurance performance. Conversely, the physiological and psychological strain that accompanies increased ambient temperature decreases endurance performance. Little is known about the interaction between environmental temperature and the effects of caffeine on performance. The purpose of this study was to compare ...
Schoenfeld Brad J - - 2010
The squat is one of the most frequently used exercises in the field of strength and conditioning. Considering the complexity of the exercise and the many variables related to performance, understanding squat biomechanics is of great importance for both achieving optimal muscular development as well as reducing the prospect of ...
Farinatti P T V - - 2010
Exercise effects in subjects with HIV/AIDS are not entirely understood. The study aimed to investigate the effects of a supervised exercise program on the physical fitness and immunological function of HIV-infected subjects. Twenty-seven highly active antiretroviral therapy treated HIV-infected patients (age: 45±2 years; CD4-T: 21.3±2.2%) were assigned to a control ...
Nichols Jeanne F - - 2010
There is a growing need to accurately assess exercise energy expenditure (EEE) in athletic populations that may be at risk for health disorders because of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. The Actiheart combines heart rate and uniaxial accelerometry to estimate energy expenditure above rest. The authors' purpose ...
Sanjak Mohammed - - 2010
To determine the feasibility, tolerability, safety, and exercise treatment-effect size of repetitive rhythmic exercise mediated by supported treadmill ambulation training (STAT) for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Interventional with repeated-measures design. Multidisciplinary ALS clinic at academic medical center. Convenience sample of patients with ALS (N=9) who were ambulatory with ...
Astorino Todd A - - 2010
Studies provide equivocal results regarding the ergogenic properties of caffeine during high-intensity exercise. The primary aim of this study was to examine the effects of two doses of caffeine on peak/average torque, power output, and total work of the knee extensors and flexors during two bouts of high-intensity exercise. Fifteen ...
Mauger Alexis R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION:: The traditional VO2max protocol has received criticism for being an unnatural form of exercise, lacking ecological validity and producing different VO2max responses depending on protocol duration and work rate increments. PURPOSE:: The purpose of this investigation was to design and test a new VO2max protocol that allowed subjects to ...
Fulco Charles S - - 2011
There is an expectation that repeated daily exposures to normobaric hypoxia (NH) will induce ventilatory acclimatization and lessen acute mountain sickness (AMS) and the exercise performance decrement during subsequent hypobaric hypoxia (HH) exposure. However, this notion has not been tested objectively. Healthy, unacclimatized sea-level (SL) residents slept for 7.5 h ...
Yamaguti Wellington Pereira dos Santos - - 2010
To compare the diaphragmatic mobility of healthy subjects during incentive spirometry with a volume-oriented device, during incentive spirometry with a flow-oriented device, and during diaphragmatic breathing. To compare men and women in terms of diaphragmatic mobility during these three types of breathing exercises. We evaluated the pulmonary function and diaphragmatic ...
Mora-Rodriguez Ricardo - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine if in a hot-dry environment, racewalking increases intestinal temperature (T(int)) above the levels observed when running either at the same velocity or at a similar rate of heat production. Nine trained racewalkers exercised for 60 min in a hot-dry environment (30.0 ± 1.4°C; 33 ± 8% relative ...
Horng A - - 2011
To analyze locoregional deformation patterns indicative of contact areas in patellar cartilage after different loading exercises. 7 healthy patellae were examined in-vivo before and immediately after standardized loading (kneeling, squatting or knee bends) and after 90 minutes of rest using a sagittal 3D-T1-w FLASH WE sequence (22 msec/ 9.8 msec/ ...
Herdy Artur Haddad - - 2011
The reference values for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) available in Brazil were derived from a cycle ergometer in a sedentary and relatively small population. Provide reference values for CPET in Brazilians of both sexes, either sedentary or active. From 2006 to 2008, 3,992 CEPT of healthy individuals were selected from ...
Volianitis S - - 2011
Exercise lowers the cerebral metabolic ratio of O2 to carbohydrate (glucose+1/2 lactate) and metabolic acidosis appears to promote cerebral lactate uptake. However, the influence of pH on cerebral lactate uptake and, in turn, on the cerebral metabolic ratio during exercise is not known. Sodium bicarbonate (Bicarb, 1 M; 350-500 ml) ...
Ferraresi Cleber - - 2011
Recent studies have investigated whether low level laser therapy (LLLT) can optimize human muscle performance in physical exercise. This study tested the effect of LLLT on muscle performance in physical strength training in humans compared with strength training only. The study involved 36 men (20.8±2.2 years old), clinically healthy, with a ...
Barr David - - 2010
This study investigated the impact of ice vests and hand/forearm immersion on accelerating the physiological recovery between two bouts of strenuous exercise in the heat [mean (SD), 49.1(1.3)°C, RH 12 (1)]. On four occasions, eight firefighters completed two 20-min bouts of treadmill walking (5 km h, 7.5% gradient) while wearing standard firefighter ...
Kelly Stephen B - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of warm-up protocols using either whole-body vibration (WBV) or cycle ergometry (CE) on peak torque at 3 different isokinetic speeds and on fatigue in the knee extension exercise. Twenty-seven recreationally trained (age = 23.59 ± 3.87 years) men (n = ...
Vila-Chã Carolina - - 2011
The study investigates the effects of eccentric exercise of the quadriceps on proprioception of the knee in weight and non-weight bearing tasks. Proprioception of the exercised leg was assessed at 120° and 150° of knee extension in 15 healthy adults (age 25.0 ± 3.6 yrs) before, immediately after, and 24h ...
Rutkowska-Kucharska Alicja - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the electromyographic (EMG) activity of muscles in curl-up exercises depending on the position of the upper and lower extremities. From the perspective of biomechanics, different positions of the extremities result in shifting the center of gravity and changing muscular loads in abdominal ...
Eitzen Ingrid I Department of Orthopaedics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. - - 2010
Prospective cohort study without a control group. Firstly, to present our 5-week progressive exercise therapy program in the early stage after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Secondly, to evaluate changes in knee function after completion of the program for patients with ACL injury in general and also when classified as ...
Ju Yan-Ying - - 2011
Proprioception can be affected by many factors including exercise. Most exercises involve certain degrees of repeated passive movements, and different velocities of these movements might affect proprioception differently. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influences of different angular velocities of repeated passive movement on knee proprioception via ...
Felicio Lilian Ramiro - - 2011
Patella stabilizer muscle response and patellar kinematics were evaluated in 19 women with anterior knee pain (AKP) and 20 healthy women during maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) with the knee positioned at 15°, 30° and 45° flexion during open (OKC) and closed (CKC) kinetic chain exercises. Patellar kinematics was evaluated ...
Kobayashi Yuji - - 2010
This study aimed to examine the bilateral differences in movement and joint torques during the squat exercise by using kinematic and kinetic analyses. Eighteen long jumpers participated in this study. They performed 3 repetitions of the squat exercise with loads of 50, 70, and 90% of their 3 repetition maximum ...
Kuenze Christopher - - 2010
Cryotherapy is a widely used modality following acute joint injury. It is considered helpful in reducing pain and swelling, and there is a growing body of evidence to suggest that it may have additional benefits in muscle function. Following joint injury, it is common for patients to experience persistent muscle ...
Walsh Sharon Fleming - - 2010
This describes a child whose neonatal brachial plexus injury was treated with kinesiotape and exercise. The subject was a two-year-old female whose X-rays demonstrated severe inferior subluxation of the humeral head and winging of the scapula on the left. She was fitted with a shoulder brace with surgery scheduled in ...
Adedoyin R A - - 2010
Background: Formulae for predicting functional capacity during 6-minute walk are lacking and the accuracy of the existing formulae has been challenged in deferent populations. Aims: The purpose of this study was to develop an equation that would be useful in predicting functional capacity in form of maximum oxygen consumption) (V0 ...
Bennell Kim L - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease with the hip and knee being commonly affected lower limb sites. Osteoarthritis causes pain, stiffness, swelling, joint instability and muscle weakness, all of which can lead to impaired physical function and reduced quality of life. This review of evidence provides recommendations for exercise ...
Jung Do-Young - - 2011
To compare the muscle activity of the abductor hallucis (AbdH) and the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) angle during toe curl (TC) and short foot (SF) exercises while sitting or in one-leg standing position. Two-way repeated-measures ANOVA was used to analyze the effects of exercise type and position on the muscle ...
Schachter Aaron K - - 2010
An important synergistic relationship exists between the scapular stabilizers and the glenohumeral rotators. Information on the relative contribution of the scapular stabilizers to glenohumeral rotation would be useful for exercise prescription for overhead athletes and for patients with shoulder pathology. We hypothesized that the scapular stabilizers would be highly active ...
Baur Heiner - - 2010
Seventy percent of motor sports athletes report low back pain. Information on the physical capacity of race car drivers is limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the maximum trunk extensor and flexor strength of elite race car drivers and physically active controls. Thirteen elite race car drivers ...
Pittaccio Simone - - 2010
NiTi is a metal alloy with unconventional functional characteristics: Shape memory and pseudoelasticity. Its use in the field of rehabilitation is very innovative. This work presents applications in lower limb orthotics. Three different devices were assembled and tested: An equinus gait dynamic splint, a compliant ankle positioning brace, and a ...
Tsai Yi-Ta - - 2010
Analysis of electromyographic (EMG) activities in the back during dynamic exercise is needed because more complex loading on the spine is created in comparison with that during static exercise. The purpose of this study is to investigate the difference in bilateral midback and low-back paraspinal muscle (PSM) activities during performance ...
Pietrosimone Brian G BG Department of Kinesiology, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA. - - 2010
to determine whether sensory transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) augmented with therapeutic exercise and worn for daily activities for four weeks would alter peak gait kinetics and kinematics, compared with placebo electrical stimulation and exercise, and exercise only. randomized controlled trial. motion analysis laboratory. thirty-six participants with radiographically assessed knee ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >