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Conner Jennifer D JD Research Service, VA Puget Sound Health Care System; Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical - - 2014
Using laboratory mouse models, the molecular pathways responsible for the metabolic benefits of endurance exercise are beginning to be defined. The most common method for assessing exercise endurance in mice utilizes forced running on a motorized treadmill equipped with a shock grid. Animals who quit running are pushed by the ...
Ammann Bernadette C - - 2014
There is increasing evidence for the beneficial effects of exercise training in stroke survivors. In order to reach the desired training effects, exercise training principles must be considered as this ensures the prescription of adequate exercises at an adequate dose. Moreover, exercise training interventions must be designed in a way ...
Plantier Laurent L Physiologie Respiratoire - Clinique de la Dyspnée, Hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, 20, rue Leblanc, Paris, 75015 France ; Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de médecine, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, 75006 France ; Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Service de Physiologie-Explorations Fonctionnelles, Paris, France, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France, INSERM UMR700, Paris, - - 2014
Whether exertional dyspnoea can be attributed to poor circulatory-muscular conditioning is a difficult clinical issue. Because criteria of poor conditioning such as low oxygen pulse, low ventilatory threshold or high heart rate/oxygen consumption slope can be observed in heart or lung diseases and are not specific to conditioning, we assessed ...
Ramos Plínio Santos PS Exercise Medicine Clinic - CLINIMEX, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Maternity Hospital Therezinha de Jesus, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences - SUPREMA, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Panic disorder (PD) patients often report respiratory symptoms and tend to perform poorly during maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), at least partially, due to phobic anxiety. Thus, we hypothesized that a submaximal exercise variable, minimum VE/VO2 - hereafter named cardiorespiratory optimal point (COP) -, may be useful in their clinical ...
Arnold Jennifer C JC Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology, & Neuroscience, Louisiana State University Health Sciences - - 2014
There is a major increase in the awareness of the positive impact of exercise on improving several disease states with neurobiological basis; these include improving cognitive function and physical performance. As a result, there is an increase in the number of animal studies employing exercise. It is argued that one ...
Clemente-Suarez Vicente Javier VJ 0000-0002-2397-2801 Department of Motricity, Human Performance and Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, European University of Madrid, Calle Tajo, s/n, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670 Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of the present research was to study the organic response after ultraendurance cycling race. Selected biochemical, leg strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity parameters were analyzed in 6 subjects 5 days before and 5 days after completing a 1700 km ultraendurance cycling race. After the race, participants presented a significant ...
Rajab Ahmad S AS Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto Toronto ON, Canada ; Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Habitual long term physical activity is known to have beneficial cognitive, structural, and neuro-protective brain effects, but to date there is limited knowledge on whether a single session of exercise can alter the brain's functional connectivity, as assessed by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The primary objective of this ...
Jolly Enrique E Servicio de Neumonología, Hospital de Clínicas José San Martin, Universidad de Buenos - - 2014
There is little experience on the effect of home training (rD) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our aim was to compare the effect of rD on exercise tolerance, dyspnea and quality of life versus hospital outpatient training (rH). Two random groups of 25 patients were evaluated. Both ...
Courtney Sean M SM Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, 77843-4243, USA ; Current address: Department of Surgery; Division of Surgical Oncology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, 29414, - - 2014
Previous research identified a locus on Chromosome 14 as an important regulator of endurance exercise capacity in mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chromosome substitution on intrinsic exercise capacity and identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with exercise capacity in mice. Mice from a ...
McDonald Michael A MA Division of Cardiology, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) induced by transient limb ischemia confers multi-organ protection and improves exercise performance in the setting of tissue hypoxia. We aimed to evaluate the effect of RIPC on exercise capacity in heart failure patients. We performed a randomized crossover trial of RIPC (4×5-minutes limb ischemia) compared to ...
Hong Jie J Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
To explore ocular changes in healthy people after exercise. Twenty five volunteers underwent exercise for 15 minutes on a treadmill. Measurements of choroidal thickness, intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular biometry, and blood pressure were taken before and after exercise. Enhanced Depth Imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) was used to measure choroidal ...
Wheatley Courtney M CM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street, SW, Rochester, MN 55905 - - 2014
Differences in cardiovascular function between sexes have been documented at rest and maximal exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine the sex differences in cardiovascular function during submaximal constant-load exercise, which is not well understood. Thirty-one male and 33 female subjects completed nine minutes moderate and nine minutes ...
Venckūnas Tomas T Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto Str. 6, 44221 Kaunas, - - 2014
Purpose. Compression garments are often worn during exercise and allegedly have ergogenic and/or physiological effects. In this study, we compared hemodynamics and running performance while wearing compression and loose-fit breeches. We hypothesized that in neutral-warm environment compression breeches impair performance by diminishing body cooling via evaporative sweat loss and redistributing ...
Naji Peyman P Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (P.N., B.P.G., T.B., F.A., M.G., R.A.G., L.R., T.M., W.J.S., - - 2014
In primary mitral regurgitation (MR), exercise echocardiography aids in symptom evaluation and timing of mitral valve (MV) surgery. In patients with grade ≥3 primary MR undergoing exercise echocardiography followed by MV surgery, we sought to assess predictors of outcomes and whether delaying MV surgery adversely affects outcomes. We studied 576 ...
Qin Qingwu Q Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South - - 2014
Exercise is one of the most common triggers of bronchoconstriction in patients with asthma. The low levels of circulating epinephrine produced by the adrenal medullary chromaffin cells (AMCCs) are associated with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in asthmatics. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that low-intensity aerobic exercise may ameliorate ...
Lippi Giuseppe G 0000-0001-9523-9054 Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, Academic Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, - - 2014
Although physical exercise strongly influences several laboratory parameters, data about the hematological changes after medium distance running are scarce. We studied 31 middle-trained athletes (mean training regimen 217 ± 32 min/week) who performed a 21.1 km, half-marathon run. Blood samples were collected before the run, at the end, and 3 and 20 ...
Moker Emily A EA Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States of - - 2014
Exercise training lowers blood pressure (BP), while BP increases and returns to pre-training values with detraining. Yet, there is considerable variability in these BP responses. We examined the relationship between the BP responses after 6 months of training followed by 2 weeks of detraining among the same people. Subjects (n = 75) ...
Ozveren Olcay O Department of Cardiology, Yeditepe University, Medical School, Istanbul, - - 2014
Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been considered as a benign disease often associated with central obesity and insulin resistance and, in general, with factors of the metabolic syndrome. Heart rate recovery after exercise is a function of vagal reactivation, and its impairment is an independent prognostic indicator for ...
Archer Trevor T Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden ; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being , - - 2014
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induces permanent neurochemical and functional deficits. Following the administration of either two or four injections of the dopamine neurotoxin, MPTP, at a dose of 40 mg/kg, C57/BL6 mice were given access to running-wheels (30-min sessions, four times/week, Monday-Thursday) and treatment with the treated yeast, Milmed(®) (four times/week, Monday-Thursday), ...
Newsom Sean A SA Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colo., - - 2014
This chapter summarizes current knowledge regarding the interaction between lipid availability, endurance exercise, and insulin sensitivity. We discuss the role of lipid availability as a key mediator of insulin resistance in obesity, the proposed cellular mechanisms underlying this relationship, recent studies demonstrating that acute exercise protects against lipid-induced insulin resistance, ...
Yu Chang Ho CH Division of Biomedical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Deokjin-Dong 1-Ga, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, South - - 2014
The aim of this study is to verify the effect of indoor horse riding exercise on basal physical exercise and lumbar muscular function. The subjects included were 20 healthy females, who participated in the horse riding exercise using SRider (Rider Co. & ChonbuK National Univ, Korea) for 30 minutes per ...
Li Kun K College of Life Science and Bio-Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, - - 2014
There are many similarities between the photoplethysmography(PPG) pulse wave and the radial pulse when a body is in a stationary state, but the difference between them under conditions of movement is not yet clear. Finding these differences may help further understanding of the cardiovascular system. PPG and radial pulse wave ...
Xu Lisheng L Sino-Dutch Biomedical and Information Engineering School, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China Key Laboratory of Medical Image Computing (Northeastern University), Shenyang, Ministry of Education, 110004, - - 2014
Pulse wave contains much information on a cardiovascular system. Pulse wave variability during exercise is of great significance as it reflects more information combining with pulse wave under stationary state. This paper studied the morphology variability of radial pulse wave during exercise. Radial pulse waves were collected from 30 subjects ...
Goedecke Julia H JH Non-Communicable Disease Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South - - 2014
It is well known that obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), while exercise is known to reduce body fatness and attenuate the risk of T2D. The aim of this chapter is to examine the interactions between exercise, obesity and body fat distribution, and the risk ...
Ma Ming M The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, - - 2014
To observe the improvement effect of the treatment method of Tai Chi exercise in combination with inhalation of the air negative oxygen ions on the blood lipid indicator of the patient suffering from the hyperlipidemia. 56 patients, who are diagnosed with hyperlipidemia, are the study objects and divided into an ...
Mauger Alexis R AR Endurance Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Kent, Chatham, - - 2014
During prolonged dynamic and rhythmic exercise, muscular pain and discomfort arises as a result of an increased concentration of deleterious metabolites. Sensed by peripheral nociceptors and transmitted via afferent feedback to the brain, this provides important information regarding the physiological state of the muscle. These sensations ultimately contribute to what ...
Lascar Nadia N School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Department of Diabetes, Nuffield House, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Regular physical activity has recognised health benefits for people with T1DM. However a significant proportion of them do not undertake the recommended levels of activity. Whilst questionnaire-based studies have examined barriers to exercise in people with T1DM, a formal qualitative analysis of these barriers has not been undertaken. Our aims ...
Sharifi Gholamreza G Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, - - 2014
Exercise training increases oxygen consumption, which was associated with the high generation of reactive oxygen species and markers of lipid peroxidation in the blood. The aim of this study was to assess the responses of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), biomarker of oxidative stress and erythrocyte, leukocyte and hematocrit (Hct) levels ...
Brito Joao J National Sports Medicine Programme, Excellence in Football Project, Aspetar - Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
The second Summer Youth Olympic Games will take place August 16-28, 2014 in Nanjing, People's Republic of China during the peak of the summer. Nanjing has been reported as one of the hottest cities in the People's Republic of China, with temperatures reaching as high as 40°C. There is limited ...
Alizadeh Hamid H 1. PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Exercise Physiology Department, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Iran. halizadeh327@gmail.com - - 2014
Exercise has positive and negative effects on immune system. Herein, we would like to investigate the effects of incremental aerobic training and fish oil supplementation on the plasma levels of CRP, CPK and IL-17 in trained mice. One of the major roles of immune system is to produce soluble or ...
Hsieh Lin-Fen LF 0000-0002-0869-5973 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei 11101, Taiwan ; School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, - - 2014
Home exercise is often recommended for management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS); however, what kind of home exercise is more beneficial for patients with AS has not been determined yet. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of combined home exercise (COMB) and range-of-motion home exercise (ROM) in patients with ...
Sá-Caputo Danúbia da Cunha Dda C Mestrado Profissional em Saúde, Medicina Laboratorial e Tecnologia Forense, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20950003 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Vibrations produced in oscillating/vibratory platform generate whole body vibration (WBV) exercises, which are important in sports, as well as in treating diseases, promoting rehabilitation, and improving the quality of life. WBV exercises relevantly increase the muscle strength, muscle power, and the bone mineral density, as well as improving the postural ...
Madssen Erik E K.G. Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine, Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Pulmonary Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, - - 2014
Exercise capacity is a strong predictor of survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Exercise capacity improves after cardiac rehabilitation exercise training, but previous studies have demonstrated a decline in peak oxygen uptake after ending a formal rehabilitation program. There is a lack of knowledge on how long-term exercise ...
Dos Santos António Ana Márcia AM Centro de Estudos do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo (CESNA), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP - - 2014
Flexible poles are tools used to provide rapid eccentric and concentric muscle contractions. It lacks in the literature studies that analyze acute cardiovascular responses in different exercises performed with this instrument. It was investigated the acute effects of exercise with flexible poles on heart period in healthy women. The study ...
Hamlyn-Williams Charlotte C CC General and Adolescent Paediatrics Unit, Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK ; Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, - - 2014
Positive affective responses can lead to improved adherence to exercise. This study sought to examine the affective responses and exercise intensity of self-selected exercise in adolescent girls. An observational study where twenty seven females (Age M = 14.6 ± 0.8 years) completed three 20-minute exercise sessions (2 self-selected and 1 prescribed intensity) and a graded ...
Wallert John J Department of Psychology, Umeå University Umeå, - - 2014
Physical prowess is associated with rapid recovery from exhaustion. Here we examined whether recovery from aerobic exercise could be manipulated with a rhythmic sound pattern that either decreased or increased in tempo. Six men and six women exercised repeatedly for six minutes on a cycle ergometer at 60 percent of ...
Peterson Jonathan M JM Department of Health Sciences, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University , Johnson City, TN , USA ; Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University , Johnson City, TN , - - 2014
Metabolic dysfunction in skeletal muscle is a major contributor to the development of type 2 diabetes. Endurance exercise training has long been established as an effective means to directly restore skeletal muscle glucose and lipid uptake and metabolism. However, in addition to the direct effects of skeletal muscle on glucose ...
Gatterer Hannes H Department of Sport Science, University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Assessment of post-exercise changes in hydration with bioimpedance (BI) is complicated by physiological adaptations that affect resistance (R) and reactance (Xc) values. This study investigated exercise-induced changes in R and Xc, independently and in bioelectrical impedance vector analysis, when factors such as increased skin temperature and blood flow and surface ...
Fernandez-Gonzalo Rodrigo R 0000-0003-2816-9855 Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, Campus Universitario, 24071 León, Spain ; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 171 77, - - 2014
This study assessed the inflammatory response mediated by the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway after acute eccentric exercise before and after an eccentric training program in women. Twenty women performed two acute eccentric bouts using a squat machine over a ~9 week interval. The training group (TG) carried out ...
Harris Emma E Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Leeds, Leeds, United - - 2014
The improvement of vascular health in the exercising limb can be attained by sprint interval training (SIT). However, the effects on systemic vascular function and on circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) which may contribute to endothelial repair have not been investigated. Additionally, a comparison between SIT and sprint continuous training (SCT) ...
Fisher Gordon G Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if differences in inflammatory cytokines exist between fat-free mass responders versus non-responders following a combined resistance/aerobic training program in older women. Fifty women over 60 years old, mean BMI 27 ± 4 (kg/m2) and physically untrained, participated in a combined training program ...
MacNeil Lauren G LG Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Concurrent exercise combines different modes of exercise (e.g., aerobic and resistance) into one training protocol, providing stimuli meant to increase muscle strength, aerobic capacity and mass. As disuse is associated with decrements in strength, aerobic capacity and muscle size concurrent training is an attractive modality for rehabilitation. However, interference between ...
Lieu Fu-Kong FK Department of Rehabilitation, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
It has been demonstrated that exercise is one of the stresses known to increase the aldosterone secretion. Both potassium and angiotensin II (Ang II) levels are shown to be correlated with aldosterone production during exercise, but the mechanism is still unclear. In an in vivo study, male rats were catheterized ...
Murach Kevin K Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, United States of - - 2014
This study evaluated gene expression changes in gastrocnemius slow-twitch myosin heavy chain I (MHC I) and fast-twitch (MHC IIa) muscle fibers of collegiate cross-country runners (n = 6, 20±1 y, VO2max = 70±1 ml•kg-1•min-1) during two distinct training phases. In a controlled environment, runners performed identical 8 kilometer runs (30∶18±0∶30 min:s, 89±1% HRmax) while ...
Miyagi Mariana Yasue Saito MY Laboratory of Immunobiology of Transplants, Department of Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Nephrotoxicity is substantial side effect for 30% of patients undergoing cancer therapy with cisplatin and may force them to change or even abandon the treatment. Studies regarding aerobic exercise have shown its efficacy for the treatment of many types of diseases and its capacity to reduce tumors. However, little is ...
Skarpańska-Stejnborn Anna A Department of Morphological and Health Sciences; Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wlkp, University School of Physical Education in Poznań, 13 Estkowskiego Str., 66 - 400 Gorzów Wlkp, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementation with chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) juice on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, hepcidin, and selected markers of iron metabolism in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. This double-blind study included 19 members of the Polish Rowing Team. The subjects were ...
Bortolotti Henrique H Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Research Group, Londrina State University, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil ; Neuromuscular System and Exercise Research Group, Londrina State University, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil ; School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of caffeine ingestion on the performance and physiological variables associated with fatigue in 20-km cycling time trials. In a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study, 13 male cyclists (26 ± 10 y, 71 ± 9 kg, 176 ± 6 cm) were randomized into 2 groups and received caffeine (CAF) capsules ...
de Oliveira Erick Prado EP School of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlandia, Av. Pará, nº 1720 Bloco 2U, Campus Umuarama, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais 38400-902, Brazil. - - 2014
Gastrointestinal (GI) problems are a common concern of athletes during intense exercise. Ultimately, these symptoms can impair performance and possibly prevent athletes from winning or even finishing a race. The main causes of GI problems during exercise are mechanical, ischemic and nutritional factors. Among the nutritional factors, a high intake ...
Opala-Berdzik Agnieszka A Department of Physiotherapy in Internal Diseases, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, - - 2014
Background The purpose of the study was to determine whether women who exercised during and after pregnancy had better static postural stability compared to those who did not exercise. Material and Methods Posturographic tests were performed in 31 women at 34-39 weeks gestation, and again at 6-10 weeks postpartum. The ...
Brooks Naomi E NE 1. Health & Exercise Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland - - 2014
Objective Muscle loss and metabolic changes occur with disuse [i.e. bed rest (BR)]. We hypothesized that BR would lead to a metabolically unhealthy profile defined by: increased circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, decreased circulating insulin-like-growth-factor (IGF)-1, decreased HDL-cholesterol, and decreased muscle density (MD; measured by mid-thigh computerized tomography). Methods We ...
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