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Results 251 - 300 of 1701
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Morris Jacqui H JH Social Dimensions of Health Institute, University of Dundee. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate effects of interventions to promote long-term participation in physical activity (PA) on measures of frequency, duration or intensity of PA at three months or longer in community dwelling stroke survivors. Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO between 1987 and December 2012. Search terms included "physical activity, exercise promotion"; "stroke"; "behaviour ...
Bellar David D School of Kinesiology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana, United - - 2014
Lack of physical activity is a contributor to the obesity epidemic and is speculated to relate to reduced academic performance; however, this link has yet to be examined within the college population. The purpose of this study in a group of undergraduate students, was to determine if aerobic exercise activity ...
Best John R JR Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that exercise training benefits cognitive, neural, and physical health markers in older adults. It is likely that these positive effects will diminish if participants return to sedentary lifestyles following training cessation. Theory posits that that the neurocognitive processes underlying self-regulation, namely executive function (EF), are important ...
Joy Jordan M JM Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, The University of Tampa, 401 W. Kennedy Blvd., Box 30 F, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2014
The lipid messenger phosphatidic acid (PA) plays a critical role in the stimulation of mTOR signaling. However, the mechanism by which PA stimulates mTOR is currently unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of various PA precursors and phospholipids on their ability to stimulate mTOR ...
Hamasaki Hidetaka H Department of Internal Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine Kohnodai Hospital, Chiba, Japan ; Division of Complementary Medicine, First Department of General Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Saitama, - - 2014
Physical inactivity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. Recently, we showed that non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) assessed by the self-reported questionnaire is favorably associated with metabolic risks in patients with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the present study was to examine the validity of the questionnaire by comparing with ...
Conner Jennifer D JD Research Service, VA Puget Sound Health Care System; Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical - - 2014
Using laboratory mouse models, the molecular pathways responsible for the metabolic benefits of endurance exercise are beginning to be defined. The most common method for assessing exercise endurance in mice utilizes forced running on a motorized treadmill equipped with a shock grid. Animals who quit running are pushed by the ...
Ammann Bernadette C - - 2014
There is increasing evidence for the beneficial effects of exercise training in stroke survivors. In order to reach the desired training effects, exercise training principles must be considered as this ensures the prescription of adequate exercises at an adequate dose. Moreover, exercise training interventions must be designed in a way ...
Plantier Laurent L Physiologie Respiratoire - Clinique de la Dyspnée, Hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, 20, rue Leblanc, Paris, 75015 France ; Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de médecine, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, 75006 France ; Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Service de Physiologie-Explorations Fonctionnelles, Paris, France, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France, INSERM UMR700, Paris, - - 2014
Whether exertional dyspnoea can be attributed to poor circulatory-muscular conditioning is a difficult clinical issue. Because criteria of poor conditioning such as low oxygen pulse, low ventilatory threshold or high heart rate/oxygen consumption slope can be observed in heart or lung diseases and are not specific to conditioning, we assessed ...
Ramos Plínio Santos PS Exercise Medicine Clinic - CLINIMEX, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Maternity Hospital Therezinha de Jesus, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences - SUPREMA, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Panic disorder (PD) patients often report respiratory symptoms and tend to perform poorly during maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), at least partially, due to phobic anxiety. Thus, we hypothesized that a submaximal exercise variable, minimum VE/VO2 - hereafter named cardiorespiratory optimal point (COP) -, may be useful in their clinical ...
Arnold Jennifer C JC Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology, & Neuroscience, Louisiana State University Health Sciences - - 2014
There is a major increase in the awareness of the positive impact of exercise on improving several disease states with neurobiological basis; these include improving cognitive function and physical performance. As a result, there is an increase in the number of animal studies employing exercise. It is argued that one ...
Clemente-Suarez Vicente Javier VJ 0000-0002-2397-2801 Department of Motricity, Human Performance and Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, European University of Madrid, Calle Tajo, s/n, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670 Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of the present research was to study the organic response after ultraendurance cycling race. Selected biochemical, leg strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity parameters were analyzed in 6 subjects 5 days before and 5 days after completing a 1700 km ultraendurance cycling race. After the race, participants presented a significant ...
Rajab Ahmad S AS Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto Toronto ON, Canada ; Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Habitual long term physical activity is known to have beneficial cognitive, structural, and neuro-protective brain effects, but to date there is limited knowledge on whether a single session of exercise can alter the brain's functional connectivity, as assessed by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The primary objective of this ...
Jolly Enrique E Servicio de Neumonología, Hospital de Clínicas José San Martin, Universidad de Buenos - - 2014
There is little experience on the effect of home training (rD) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our aim was to compare the effect of rD on exercise tolerance, dyspnea and quality of life versus hospital outpatient training (rH). Two random groups of 25 patients were evaluated. Both ...
Courtney Sean M SM Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, 77843-4243, USA ; Current address: Department of Surgery; Division of Surgical Oncology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, 29414, - - 2014
Previous research identified a locus on Chromosome 14 as an important regulator of endurance exercise capacity in mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chromosome substitution on intrinsic exercise capacity and identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with exercise capacity in mice. Mice from a ...
McDonald Michael A MA Division of Cardiology, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) induced by transient limb ischemia confers multi-organ protection and improves exercise performance in the setting of tissue hypoxia. We aimed to evaluate the effect of RIPC on exercise capacity in heart failure patients. We performed a randomized crossover trial of RIPC (4×5-minutes limb ischemia) compared to ...
Hong Jie J Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
To explore ocular changes in healthy people after exercise. Twenty five volunteers underwent exercise for 15 minutes on a treadmill. Measurements of choroidal thickness, intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular biometry, and blood pressure were taken before and after exercise. Enhanced Depth Imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) was used to measure choroidal ...
Wheatley Courtney M CM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street, SW, Rochester, MN 55905 - - 2014
Differences in cardiovascular function between sexes have been documented at rest and maximal exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine the sex differences in cardiovascular function during submaximal constant-load exercise, which is not well understood. Thirty-one male and 33 female subjects completed nine minutes moderate and nine minutes ...
Fisher Gordon G Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if differences in inflammatory cytokines exist between fat-free mass responders versus non-responders following a combined resistance/aerobic training program in older women. Fifty women over 60 years old, mean BMI 27 ± 4 (kg/m2) and physically untrained, participated in a combined training program ...
Venckūnas Tomas T Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto Str. 6, 44221 Kaunas, - - 2014
Purpose. Compression garments are often worn during exercise and allegedly have ergogenic and/or physiological effects. In this study, we compared hemodynamics and running performance while wearing compression and loose-fit breeches. We hypothesized that in neutral-warm environment compression breeches impair performance by diminishing body cooling via evaporative sweat loss and redistributing ...
Naji Peyman P Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (P.N., B.P.G., T.B., F.A., M.G., R.A.G., L.R., T.M., W.J.S., - - 2014
In primary mitral regurgitation (MR), exercise echocardiography aids in symptom evaluation and timing of mitral valve (MV) surgery. In patients with grade ≥3 primary MR undergoing exercise echocardiography followed by MV surgery, we sought to assess predictors of outcomes and whether delaying MV surgery adversely affects outcomes. We studied 576 ...
Qin Qingwu Q Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South - - 2014
Exercise is one of the most common triggers of bronchoconstriction in patients with asthma. The low levels of circulating epinephrine produced by the adrenal medullary chromaffin cells (AMCCs) are associated with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in asthmatics. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that low-intensity aerobic exercise may ameliorate ...
Lippi Giuseppe G 0000-0001-9523-9054 Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, Academic Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, - - 2014
Although physical exercise strongly influences several laboratory parameters, data about the hematological changes after medium distance running are scarce. We studied 31 middle-trained athletes (mean training regimen 217 ± 32 min/week) who performed a 21.1 km, half-marathon run. Blood samples were collected before the run, at the end, and 3 and 20 ...
Moker Emily A EA Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States of - - 2014
Exercise training lowers blood pressure (BP), while BP increases and returns to pre-training values with detraining. Yet, there is considerable variability in these BP responses. We examined the relationship between the BP responses after 6 months of training followed by 2 weeks of detraining among the same people. Subjects (n = 75) ...
Ozveren Olcay O Department of Cardiology, Yeditepe University, Medical School, Istanbul, - - 2014
Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been considered as a benign disease often associated with central obesity and insulin resistance and, in general, with factors of the metabolic syndrome. Heart rate recovery after exercise is a function of vagal reactivation, and its impairment is an independent prognostic indicator for ...
Archer Trevor T Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden ; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being , - - 2014
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induces permanent neurochemical and functional deficits. Following the administration of either two or four injections of the dopamine neurotoxin, MPTP, at a dose of 40 mg/kg, C57/BL6 mice were given access to running-wheels (30-min sessions, four times/week, Monday-Thursday) and treatment with the treated yeast, Milmed(®) (four times/week, Monday-Thursday), ...
Newsom Sean A SA Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colo., - - 2014
This chapter summarizes current knowledge regarding the interaction between lipid availability, endurance exercise, and insulin sensitivity. We discuss the role of lipid availability as a key mediator of insulin resistance in obesity, the proposed cellular mechanisms underlying this relationship, recent studies demonstrating that acute exercise protects against lipid-induced insulin resistance, ...
Yu Chang Ho CH Division of Biomedical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Deokjin-Dong 1-Ga, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, South - - 2014
The aim of this study is to verify the effect of indoor horse riding exercise on basal physical exercise and lumbar muscular function. The subjects included were 20 healthy females, who participated in the horse riding exercise using SRider (Rider Co. & ChonbuK National Univ, Korea) for 30 minutes per ...
Li Kun K College of Life Science and Bio-Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, - - 2014
There are many similarities between the photoplethysmography(PPG) pulse wave and the radial pulse when a body is in a stationary state, but the difference between them under conditions of movement is not yet clear. Finding these differences may help further understanding of the cardiovascular system. PPG and radial pulse wave ...
Xu Lisheng L Sino-Dutch Biomedical and Information Engineering School, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China Key Laboratory of Medical Image Computing (Northeastern University), Shenyang, Ministry of Education, 110004, - - 2014
Pulse wave contains much information on a cardiovascular system. Pulse wave variability during exercise is of great significance as it reflects more information combining with pulse wave under stationary state. This paper studied the morphology variability of radial pulse wave during exercise. Radial pulse waves were collected from 30 subjects ...
Goedecke Julia H JH Non-Communicable Disease Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South - - 2014
It is well known that obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), while exercise is known to reduce body fatness and attenuate the risk of T2D. The aim of this chapter is to examine the interactions between exercise, obesity and body fat distribution, and the risk ...
Ma Ming M The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, - - 2014
To observe the improvement effect of the treatment method of Tai Chi exercise in combination with inhalation of the air negative oxygen ions on the blood lipid indicator of the patient suffering from the hyperlipidemia. 56 patients, who are diagnosed with hyperlipidemia, are the study objects and divided into an ...
Mauger Alexis R AR Endurance Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Kent, Chatham, - - 2014
During prolonged dynamic and rhythmic exercise, muscular pain and discomfort arises as a result of an increased concentration of deleterious metabolites. Sensed by peripheral nociceptors and transmitted via afferent feedback to the brain, this provides important information regarding the physiological state of the muscle. These sensations ultimately contribute to what ...
Lascar Nadia N School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Department of Diabetes, Nuffield House, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Regular physical activity has recognised health benefits for people with T1DM. However a significant proportion of them do not undertake the recommended levels of activity. Whilst questionnaire-based studies have examined barriers to exercise in people with T1DM, a formal qualitative analysis of these barriers has not been undertaken. Our aims ...
Madssen Erik E K.G. Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine, Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Pulmonary Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, - - 2014
Exercise capacity is a strong predictor of survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Exercise capacity improves after cardiac rehabilitation exercise training, but previous studies have demonstrated a decline in peak oxygen uptake after ending a formal rehabilitation program. There is a lack of knowledge on how long-term exercise ...
Sharifi Gholamreza G Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, - - 2014
Exercise training increases oxygen consumption, which was associated with the high generation of reactive oxygen species and markers of lipid peroxidation in the blood. The aim of this study was to assess the responses of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), biomarker of oxidative stress and erythrocyte, leukocyte and hematocrit (Hct) levels ...
Brito Joao J National Sports Medicine Programme, Excellence in Football Project, Aspetar - Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
The second Summer Youth Olympic Games will take place August 16-28, 2014 in Nanjing, People's Republic of China during the peak of the summer. Nanjing has been reported as one of the hottest cities in the People's Republic of China, with temperatures reaching as high as 40°C. There is limited ...
Alizadeh Hamid H 1. PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Exercise Physiology Department, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Iran. halizadeh327@gmail.com - - 2014
Exercise has positive and negative effects on immune system. Herein, we would like to investigate the effects of incremental aerobic training and fish oil supplementation on the plasma levels of CRP, CPK and IL-17 in trained mice. One of the major roles of immune system is to produce soluble or ...
Houston Megan N MN Human Movement Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, - - 2013
Hamstring tightness is common among physically active individuals. In addition to limiting range of motion and increasing the risk of muscular strain, hamstring tightness contributes to a variety of orthopedic conditions. Therefore, clinicians continue to identify effective methods to increase flexibility. Although hamstring tightness is typically treated with common stretching ...
Malone John K JK School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, United - - 2013
To investigate the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) during acute recovery between 2 bouts of maximal aerobic exercise. On 3 separate days, 19 trained male cyclists (28±7 yr; 76.4±10.4 kg; PVO2max (power output atVO2max) 417±44 W) performed a 3 min maximal cycling bout at 105% PVO2max, prior to a ...
Watson Phillip P a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, - - 2014
Ten endurance-trained males were recruited to examine the possible role of carbohydrate (CHO) receptors in the mouth influencing exercise performance in the heat. Volunteers completed an incremental test to exhaustion to determine peak oxygen uptake, a familiarisation trial, followed by 2 experimental trials. Trials consisted of a 1-h time trial ...
Weight Christopher J - - 2013
To prospectively study the effects of an incentivized exercise program on physical activity (PA), quality of life (QOL), and burnout among residents and fellows (RFs) in a large academic medical center. In January 2011, all RFs at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (N=1060), were invited to participate in an elective, ...
Crytzer Theresa M TM Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Veterans Administration Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA; Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Center for Assistive Technology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Spina bifida (SB) is the most common birth defect in United States that results in permanent lifelong disability according to the Spina Bifida Association. Advancements in medical care have led to a longer life span and an increase in the risk of secondary conditions, for example, obesity, with age. The ...
Szabo Attila - - 2013
In nomothetic research exercise addiction is studied on the basis of symptoms which are most often linked to exercise volume. However, other factors may also affect individuals' susceptibility to the disorder. The aim of this research was to examine the influence of gender, social context (team or individual sport), and ...
Leidy Nancy Kline - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that physical activity (PA) can affect health outcomes, particularly in chronic disease. While pharmacologic therapy and exercise training can improve exercise capacity, increasing PA requires behavior change. This review examined clinical trials testing the effectiveness of behavioral interventions to increase PA in adults with chronic disease ...
Usagawa T - - 2013
Ethnic minorities share an unequal burden of cardiometabolic syndrome. Physical activity (PA) has been shown to be an important factor for improving the outcomes of these diseases. While metabolic equivalents (METs) have been calculated for diverse activities, most cultural activities have not been evaluated. Hula, the traditional dance of Native ...
Scheer Frank A J L - - 2013
Serious adverse cardiovascular events peak in the morning, possibly related to increased thrombosis in critical vessels. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), which inhibits fibrinolysis, is a key circulating pro-thrombotic factor that rises in the morning in humans. We tested whether this morning peak in PAI-1 is caused by the internal circadian ...
Armstrong Neil - - 2013
In Volume 1 of Pediatric Exercise Science (PES), a paper by Fenster et al. (25) investigated the relationship between peak oxygen uptake (peak V̇O2) and physical activity (PA) in 6- to 8-year-old children. They used both questionnaires and large-scale integrated activity monitors (LSIs) to estimate daily PA and determined peak ...
Haider Thomas T Institute for Sports Medicine Alpine, Medicine and Health Tourism UMIT Hall, Austria ; Institute of Veterinary Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), University of Zurich Zurich, - - 2013
Immobility plus preexisting chronic disease or acute trauma can activate the coagulation system, thus increasing the risk for thromboembolic events. The effects of long-term bed-rest immobility and microgravity on the coagulation system of healthy persons (e.g., during crewed Mars missions) have not yet been studied. The main objective of the ...
Rubio-Sastre Patricia P Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia , Murcia , Spain - - 2014
The adequate time to perform physical activity (PA) to maintain optimal circadian system health has not been defined. We studied the influence of morning and evening PA on circadian rhythmicity in 16 women with wrist temperature (WT). Participants performed controlled PA (45 min continuous-running) during 7 days in the morning (MPA) ...
Costa Sebastiano - - 2013
The purpose of our study was to explore the prevalence, and the role of mood, exercise frequency, age, and gender differences of exercise dependence. Regular exercisers (N = 409) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Exercise Dependence Scale, and the Profile of Mood States. For data analyses, the participants were stratified ...
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