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Results 251 - 300 of 2065
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Kim Hakkyong H Professor, Keimyung University, Republic of - - 2014
With a view towards suggesting improvements to the official UK Guidance for disaster exercises, this paper critically examines a representative sample of recent disaster management exercises in the United Kingdom to determine how they are planned, conducted and assessed. Personal observations and in-depth qualitative interviews were used to study three ...
van Hoye Karen K Department of Kinesiology, Exercise and Health Research Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
van Hoye, K, Mortelmans, P, and Lefevre, J. Validation of the SenseWear Pro3 Armband using an incremental exercise test. J Strength Cond Res 28(10): 2806-2814, 2014-The purpose of this study is to assess the accuracy of a multisensor activity monitor in measuring energy expenditure (EE) using an incremental exercise test. ...
Santos-Concejero J J UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise, Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa2 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain - - - 2014
The main purpose of this study was to investigate if the lactate threshold estimated by the maximal deviation method (LTDmax) and the onset of blood lactate accumulation speed (LTOBLA) are good correlates of middle- and long-distance running performance in well-trained endurance runners. Eleven long- and eleven middle-distance runners participated in ...
Turner G G Exercise and Environmental Physiology School of Sport and Service Management University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UK - - - 2014
Exercise at altitude places additional physiological stress on the individual in comparison with sea-level performance. This study examines the effect of a moderate hypoxic environment (FiO2=~17%) on intermittent sprint exercise performance. Nine male games players completed two consecutive sets of a 40 minute cycling intermittent sprint protocol (CISP×2) in a ...
Miloski B B Grupo de estudos e pesquisa em planejamento e monitoramento do treinamento físico e esportivo Escola de Educação Física e Esporte Departamento de Esporte Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brasil - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to verify whether aerobic fitness and ability to perform repeated high-intensity efforts influence the internal training load (ITL), which consists of the actual stress imposed in the athletes' organisms, in professional futsal players. Twelve high-level futsal players (age: 26.3±4.9 years, body mass: 73.5±7.5 ...
Suzuki K K Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan - - - 2014
Aim of the present study was to compare the effects of highly branched cyclic dextrin (HBCD) drink with a glucose-based control drink on immunoendocrine responses to endurance exercise. Using a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over design, seven male triathletes participated in two duathlon races separated by one month, consisting of 5 ...
Hassan E S ES Department of Sports Health Science, College of Physical Education, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt - - - 2014
This study examined the muscles ability to adapt to eccentric exercise by the changes in serum myoglobin (Mb), creatine kinase (CK) activity and muscle soreness. The study involved 54 healthy young men from the 23± 2yr age group. These were distributed as subjects for three types of experiments with 18 ...
Unnithan Viswanath B VB Faculty of Health Sciences, Centre for Sport, Health and Exercise Research, Staffordshire University, Brindley Building, Leek Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DF, UK, - - 2014
Little evidence exists with regard to the effect that exercise training has upon oxygen uptake kinetics in adolescent females. The aim of the study was to compare [Formula: see text] and muscle deoxygenation kinetics in a group of trained (Tr) and untrained (Utr) female adolescents. Twelve trained (6.4 ± 0.9 years training, 10.3 ± 1.4 months ...
Oh Sechang S Division of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, - - 2014
Recently, the beneficial effects of increased physical activity (PA) on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese subjects have been reported. However, the optimal strength and volume of PA in lifestyle modification to improve NAFLD pathophysiology and be recommended as an appropriate management of this condition are unclear. The primary ...
Smith Catherine M CM University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand - - 2014
Researchers have suggested that men with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience lower self-efficacy than women with MS and have linked women's self-efficacy with a sense of perceived control over symptoms and activities. Self-efficacy-the belief in one's own ability to achieve an outcome-has also been linked to engagement in healthy behaviors such ...
Husebø Anne Marie L AM Author Affiliations: Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, Norway (Mrs Husebø and Dr Karlsen); School of Health & Education, Middlesex University, England (Dr Allan); and Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway (Dr Søreide); Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway (Dr Søreide); and Norwegian Centre for Learning Environment and Behavioural Research in Education, University of Stavanger, Norway (Dr - - 2014
Breast cancer treatment can represent a threat to a patient's wellness. The role of exercise in perceived wellness in women with breast cancer merits further study. The objective of this study was to describe how exercise is perceived by women to influence their physical and psychosocial wellness at the time ...
Sampedro-Piquero P P Laboratorio de Neurociencias. Departamento de Psicología. Universidad de Oviedo. Plaza Feijoo s/n. 33003 Oviedo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have studied the performance of a spatial reference memory task, the navigation strategy and the changes in the cytochrome c oxidase activity (COx) in different brain regions in exercised (forced exercise, 10 consecutive days, 15 min/day) and non-exercised adult Wistar rats. The spatial learning task was carried out in ...
Sitjà-Rabert Mercè M Blanquerna School of Health Sciences (Universitat Ramon Llull), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of an exercise program on a whole-body vibration platform (WBV) in improving body balance and muscle performance and preventing falls in institutionalized elderly people. A multicentre randomized parallel assessor-blinded clinical trial was conducted in elderly persons living in nursing homes. Participants were randomized to an exercise ...
Hioki Hirofumi H Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Purpose : To examine in claudicant patients with aortoiliac lesions the relationship between the post-exercise ankle-brachial index (ABI) and the peripheral fractional flow reserve (p-FFR), a physiological test that has heretofore been used to assess coronary and renal artery stenosis. Methods : Sixteen male patients (mean age 68.1±7.5 years) with ...
Mora-Rodriguez Ricardo R Exercise Physiology Laboratory at Toledo, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, - - 2014
Energy drinks are increasingly popular among athletes and others. Advertising for these products typically features images conjuring great muscle power and endurance; however, the scientific literature provides sparse evidence for an ergogenic role of energy drinks. Although the composition of energy drinks varies, most contain caffeine; carbohydrates, amino acids, herbs, ...
Horschig Aaron D AD Boost Physical Therapy & Sports Performance, Lee's Summit, MO, - - 2014
The Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise (APRE) model of periodization is an effective form of resistance training programming for short-term training cycles in healthy athletic populations that has yet to be effectively described in literature in application for rehabilitation purposes. The purposes of this case report are to: 1) review the ...
Cornwall Mark W MW Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, - - 2014
No evidence exits regarding the magnitude of the change in foot posture following the "modified reverse-6" (MR6) taping procedure, either alone or in combination with the "low-dye" (LD) taping technique. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in the height and width of the midfoot after application ...
Thacker Jonathan S JS Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, - - 2014
Increasing evidence supports the use of physical activity for modifying brain activity and overall neurological health. Specifically, aerobic exercise appears to have a positive effect on cognitive function, which some have suggested to be a result of increasing levels of arousal. However, the role of aerobic exercise on movement-related cortical ...
Jones Leighton L College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University, London, - - 2014
Theories suggest that external stimuli (e.g., auditory and visual) may be rendered ineffective in modulating attention when exercise intensity is high. We examined the effects of music and parkland video footage on psychological measures during and after stationary cycling at two intensities: 10% of maximal capacity below ventilatory threshold and ...
Jahromi Abdolreza Sotoodeh AS Research Center for Non.communicable Diseases, Immunology Department, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, - - 2014
Physical activity could be considered one of the factors that affect the immune system status and function. To find the relation between exercise and cytokines, we examined the possible effects of an 8-week endurance training program on the serum levels of cytokines, including tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) ...
Vural Meltem M Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a 6-week aerobic exercise program on pain, physical function, and psychological status, and to evaluate the personality characteristics of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen women with FMS were enrolled. They were trained for a 6-week ...
Nakamura Keisuke K Department of Rehabilitation, Matsumoto City Hospital, Japan ; Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Shinshu University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the steady state of oxygen uptake (VO2) at several standing up frequencies to clarify whether workload in the sit-to-stand exercise (STSE) is greater than the anaerobic threshold (AT). [Subjects] Ten healthy young subjects performed the STSE. [Methods] In the STSE, subjects ...
Cramer Larissa L Applied Cachexia Research, Department of Cardiology, Charité Medical School, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, - - 2014
Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) often present with dyspnea and fatigue. These are also frequent symptoms in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that similar patterns of cardiovascular perturbations are present in CRC and CHF. We prospectively studied 50 patients with CRC, 51 patients with CHF, and 51 control ...
Pelletier C A CA Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Study Design:Randomized controlled trial.Objectives:To evaluate the effectiveness of the physical activity guidelines (PAG) for adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) to improve aspects of physical fitness.Setting:Community exercise facility.Methods:Twenty-three participants (age: 40.4±11.6 years, C1-T11, 12.0±10.0 years post injury) were randomized into PAG training (n=12) or active control (CON, n=11) groups. PAG ...
Roberts Vaughan V National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland, 1142, New - - 2014
Exercise has been shown to attenuate cigarette cravings during temporary smoking abstinence; however, the mechanisms of action are not clearly understood. The objectives of the study were to compare the effects of three exercise intensities on desire to smoke and explore potential neurobiological mediators of desire to smoke. Following overnight ...
Currie Katharine D KD Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, - - 2014
To determine the effects of resistance training combined with either moderate-intensity endurance or low-volume high-intensity interval training on cardiovascular risk profiles in patients with coronary artery disease. Factorial repeated-measures study design. Nineteen patients were randomized into moderate-intensity endurance (n=10) or high-intensity interval (n=9) groups, and attended 2 supervised exercise sessions ...
Tocco F F Department of Medical Science, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, - - 2014
Muscle ischemic preconditioning (IP) has been found to improve exercise performance in laboratory tests. This investigation aims at verifying whether performance is improved by IP during self-paced exercise (SPE) in the field. 11 well-trained male runners performed 3 randomly assigned 5 000 m self-paced running tests on an outdoor track. One was ...
McGill Stuart S Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON. Canada, N2L - - 2014
Novel ideas for core endurance training are continually being created. However, studies of their mechanism of action assist in evaluation of their potential as a training tool, for a variety of people and purposes. The specific purpose of this study was to evaluate a weighted hula hooping training program for ...
Jo Jeanyoung J Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2014
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa encodes a large and diverse complement of aerobic terminal oxidases, which is thought to contribute to its ability to thrive in settings with low oxygen availability. In this issue, Arai et al. present a thorough characterization of these five complexes, enabling a more detailed understanding ...
Vianna Jeferson M JM Motor Evaluation Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF) - Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Oxygen uptake (VO2) and heart rate (HR) kinetics after exercise are important indicators of fitness and cardiovascular health. However, these variables have been little investigated in resistance exercise (RE). The current study compared post-exercise kinetics of VO2 and the HR among different types of REs. The study included 14 males ...
Vilaça-Alves José J University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, Portugal. ; Research Center for Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of pre-exhaustion (PE) of the biceps brachii muscle (BB) on the number of repetitions and the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) in the front lat pull-down (FLPD) using different handgrip positions. Additionally, the effect of sex and its interaction ...
Esco Michael R MR Department of Kinesiology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if the HRindex Method (VO2max = [6 x HRindex - 5] x 3.5, where HRindex = HRmax/HRrest) was accurate for tracking changes in VO2max following 8-weeks of endurance training among collegiate female soccer players. Predicted VO2max via the HRindex Method and observed ...
Froyd Christian C UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa. ; Faculty of Teacher Education and Sport, Sogn og Fjordane University College, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of potentiation on stimulation-induced muscle function during and after an intense bout of self-paced dynamic exercise. Ten active subjects performed a time trial involving repetitive concentric extension-flexion of the right knee using a Biodex dynamometer. Electrical stimulation before and after ...
Krüger K K Department of Sports Medicine, Institute of Sports Sciences, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, - - 2014
Different types of exercise are characterized by the ability to induce specific physiological stimuli that might be able to induce the mobilization of progenitor cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in response to endurance, ...
Zheng Lu L Cardiovascular Health Laboratory, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, 11 Bei San Huan Xi Road, Beijing, 100191, - - 2014
To examine and compare the effects of acute moderate-intensity continuous and accumulated exercise with different intervals on arterial stiffness in humans. Healthy young men (n = 16) participated in four trials in a randomized crossover design: complete rest control (CON), continuous exercise (CE, 30-min cycling), accumulated exercise with 20 min of interval (AE20, ...
Sperlich Billy B Integrative and Experimental Training Science, Department of Sport Science, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, University of Würzburg, Judenbühlweg 11, 97082, Würzburg, Germany, - - 2014
Splenic contraction induced by repeated apneas has been shown to increase oxygen availability. Our aim was to determine whether repeated maximal voluntary apnea enhances the performance of cyclists in a subsequent 4-km time trial. Seven male cyclists [age: 27.1 ± 2.1 years; height: 182 ± 8 cm; body mass: 74.8 ± 9.2 kg; peak oxygen uptake: 56.9 ± 6.6 mL min(-1) kg(-1) (mean ± SD)] ...
Brown Denver M Y DM a Department of Kinesiology , McMaster University , Hamilton , Ontario , L8S 4K1 - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the dose-response relationship between exercise and cognitive performance using an acute bout of isometric exercise. University students (N = 55) were randomly assigned to control, 30%, 50% and 70% of maximum voluntary handgrip contraction groups. Participants performed a modified Stroop task before and ...
Moura Bruno Pereira De BP a Department of Physical Education, Human Performance Laboratory , Universidade Federal de Viçosa , Viçosa , - - 2014
Abstract Although exercise promotes beneficial effects in diabetic patients, some studies have questioned the degree of their importance in terms of the increase in total energy expenditure. In these studies, the decrease of physical activity levels (PAL) was referred as "compensatory effect of exercise". However, our aim was to investigate ...
Preisser A M AM Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Seewartenstrasse 10, 20459, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
Standard exercise testing (ET) comprises progressive exercise provocation with cardiovascular monitoring. Exercise tolerance is estimated by workload. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is a non-invasive measurement of ventilatory gas exchange which provides more accurate quantifications of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Workload is usually increased stepwise in ET and continuously (ramp) in CPX. ...
Katayama Keisho K Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of acute aerobic exercise performed under hypoxic conditions on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in the inactive limb. Seven males participated in the study. The subjects performed two submaximal leg cycling on a semirecumbent ergometer at the same relative intensity (60% peak ...
Guadalupe-Grau Amelia A a Xlab, Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Biomedical Sciences , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , - - 2014
Abstract The present investigation was performed to elucidate if the non-erythropoietic ergogenic effect of a recombinant erythropoietin treatment results in an impact on skeletal muscle mitochondrial and whole body fatty acid oxidation capacity during exercise, myoglobin concentration and angiogenesis. Recombinant erythropoietin was administered by subcutaneous injections (5000 IU) in six ...
Neto Gabriel R GR Physical Education Graduate Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil; Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the acute effect of resistance exercise (RE) with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on heart rate (HR), double product (DP), oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Twenty-four men (21·79 ± 3·21 years) performed three experimental protocols in a random order ...
Barrett-O'Keefe Zachary Z University of - - 2014
To better understand the mechanisms responsible for exercise intolerance in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), the present study sought to evaluate the hemodynamic responses to small muscle mass exercise in this cohort. In 25 HFrEF patients (64 ± 2 yrs) and 17 healthy, age-matched control subjects (64 ± ...
Panchasara B B Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, - - 2014
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is a key differential diagnosis for unexplained dyspnoea in athletes. The gold standard means for diagnosis of EILO is direct laryngoscopy, performed continuously, while an athlete undertakes the specific sport that precipitates their symptoms. This report provides the first descriptions of rowing-associated EILO in two competitive ...
Charlot Keyne K Laboratory ACTES (EA 3596), Department of Physiology, French West Indies and Guiana University, Pointe-á-Pitre, Guadeloupe, France UMR Inserm U1134, French West Indies and Guiana University, Pointe-á-Pitre, Guadeloupe, France Laboratoire d'Excellence du Globule Rouge (LABEX GR-Ex), PRES Sorbonne, Paris, - - 2014
Oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) are markers of physical fitness in the general population but have never been characterized in sickle cell anemia (SCA) where hematological and hemorheological properties are severely altered. Eight SCA patients and eleven healthy subjects (CONT) performed a submaximal incremental ...
Keller Amy C AC * Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism & Diabetes, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, USA † Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Cardiovascular Pulmonary Research, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, USA ‡ Department of Medicine, Denver VA Medical Center, Denver, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease risk and all-cause mortality is largely predicted by physical fitness. Exercise stimulates vascular mitochondrial biogenesis via endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), sirtuins (SIRTs), and PPARγ co-activator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), a response absent in diabetes and hypertension. We hypothesized that an agent regulating eNOS in the context of diabetes ...
Vechin Felipe C FC 1Laboratory of Neuromuscular Adaptations to Strength Training. School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo. 2Laboratory of Exercise Physiology. School of Physical Education, State University of Campinas. 3Department of Physical Education, Center of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of São Carlos - - - 2014
High-intensity resistance training (HRT) has been recommended to offset age-related loss in muscle strength and mass. However, part of the elderly population is often unable to exercise at high-intensities. Alternatively, low-intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction (LRT-BFR) has emerged. The purpose of the present study was to compare the ...
Menêses Annelise Lins AL 1Research Group on Exercise Hemodynamics and Metabolism, School of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Brazil. 2Exercise Hemodynamic Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The study aims to evaluate the effects of the order of endurance and resistance exercises on post-exercise blood pressure (BP) and hemodynamics in hypertensive women. Nineteen hypertensive women underwent three sessions: control (50 min rest), endurance (50-60% of heart rate reserve) followed by resistance exercise (50% of 1-RM) (E+R) and ...
Bailey Stephen P SP 1Department of Physical Therapy Education, Elon University, Elon, NC 2Department of Health & Human Performance, Elon University, Elon, NC 3David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Many athletes avoid using mouthguards because they believe that they impair their ability to breath and negatively affect performance. Recently, some manufacturers have developed "vented" mouthguards to address this concern. The purposes of this investigation were to describe the impact of a commercially available "vented" boil-and-bite mouthguard on the physiologic ...
Henchoz Yves Y a Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV , Lausanne , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Among the negative consequences of video gaming disorder, decreased participation in sport and exercise has received little attention. This study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between video gaming disorder and the level of sport and exercise in emerging adult men. A questionnaire was completed at baseline and 15-month ...
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