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Uygur Mehmet M Department of Health and Exercise Science, Rowan University , Glassboro, NJ , USA - - 2014
Abstract There is growing evidence that speed-based exercise training benefits people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The present study investigates the effects of a single session of volitional, high-speed cycling intervals on a battery of timed functional tests selected for their relevance to the symptom of bradykinesia. Ten subjects with PD ...
Lim Einly E Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
The present study investigates the response of implantable rotary blood pump (IRBP)-assisted patients to exercise and head-up tilt (HUT), as well as the effect of alterations in the model parameter values on this response, using validated numerical models. Furthermore, we comparatively evaluate the performance of a number of previously proposed ...
Berry Michael J MJ Health and Exercise Science Department, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA; Translational Science Center, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) supplementation via beetroot juice has been shown to increase the exercise capacity of younger and older adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute NO3(-) ingestion on the submaximal constant work rate exercise capacity of COPD patients. Fifteen patients were assigned in ...
Wu Michelle V MV York University, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study investigated the regulation of thermogenic capacity in classical BAT and SC WAT, and how it affects whole-body energy expenditure in sedentary (Sed) and endurance-trained (Ex) rats fed ad libitum either low-fat (LF) or high-fat (HF) diets. Analysis of tissue mass, PGC-1α and UCP-1 content, presence of multilocular ...
Horn P L PL Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, ACT, 2617, Australia, - - 2014
To expand our understanding of the overall anti-inflammatory nature of routine exercise; we compared resting blood values from adults who habitually undertake frequent, moderate levels of exercise to reference interval values assumed to reflect values largely from non-exercisers. This information would be useful for clinicians interpreting blood tests assessing inflammatory, ...
Conraads Viviane M VM Department of Cardiology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium; University of Antwerp, Antwerp, - - 2014
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation increases peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), which is an important predictor of mortality in cardiac patients. However, it remains unclear which exercise characteristics are most effective for improving peak VO2 in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Proof of concept papers comparing Aerobic Interval Training (AIT) and Moderate ...
Oussaidene Kahina K Université Lille, Nord de France, Lille, France; UDSL, EA 4488 Activité Physique - Muscle - Santé, Lille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study examined whether the aerobic fitness level modifies the cerebral oxygenation response to incremental ramp exercise, and more specifically the decline in cerebral oxygenation from heavy exercise up to maximal intensities. 11 untrained ( [Formula: see text] 47.3±4.0mLmin(-1)kg(-1)) and 13 endurance-trained ( [Formula: see text] 61.2±8.0mLmin(-1)kg(-1)) healthy men performed ...
Goodwin Huw H Loughborough University Centre for Research into Eating Disorders, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, - - 2014
Exercise can be used as a mood regulator but, in the eating disorder literature, exercise has sometimes been found to be compulsive, detrimental to physical health, and regarded as one maladaptive strategy used to regulate emotions. This study examined longitudinal associations between emotion regulation styles and this compulsive exercise in ...
Rank M M MM School of Biomedical Sciences & Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, 2308, NSW, - - 2014
Following incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), collaterals sprout from intact and injured axons in the vicinity of the lesion. These sprouts are thought to form new synaptic contacts that effectively bypass the lesion epicentre and contribute to improved functional recovery. Such anatomical changes are known to be enhanced by exercise ...
Hostrup M M Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Section of Integrated Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark Department of Respiratory Research, Bispebjerg University Hospital, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of beta2-adrenergic stimulation on skeletal muscle contractile properties, sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) rates of Ca(2+) release and uptake, and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase-activity before and after fatiguing exercise in trained men. The study consisted of two experiments (EXP1, n = 10 M, EXP2, n ...
Dhakal Bishnu P BP Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
-Exercise capacity as measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2) is similarly impaired in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF). However, characterization of how each component of VO2 changes in response to incremental exercise in HFpEF vs. HFrEF has not been ...
Alharbi Muaddi M Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Australia - - 2014
The benefits of exercise and weight reduction for overweight or obese people with coronary heart disease and/or diabetes mellitus are well recognised. The Healthy Eating and Exercise Lifestyle Program demonstrated these outcomes at 4 months, but longer-term outcomes are not yet reported. To determine whether positive weight, body mass index, ...
Montero David D Avignon University, LAPEC EA4278, F-84000 Avignon, France; Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Maastricht, the Netherlands; Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
While aerobic exercise training may decrease arterial stiffness, the impact of combined aerobic and resistance training is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically review and quantify the effect of combined aerobic and resistance training on arterial stiffness, as determined by arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV), and ...
Umeda Masataka M Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been shown that African Americans (AAs) are more sensitive to experimental pain stimuli compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs). A single bout of exercise results in naturally-occurring muscle pain and elevation in blood pressure (BP); however, it is currently unclear whether AAs and NHWs differ in muscle pain and ...
Carter Jason R JR Department of Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physiological adaptations to exercise training are well recognized and contribute importantly to health and fitness. Cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and heart failure, are often associated with elevated activity of the sympathetic nervous system. This review aims to provide comprehensive overview on the role of exercise training on muscle sympathetic ...
Poulsen Mathias Krogh MK Respiratory and Critical Care Group, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers vej 7, E4, Aalborg East, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study aimed to investigate diaphragm respiratory drive modulation through electrical activity of the diaphragm (EADi) during progressive cycling in endurance-trained men (N=7) and to test day-to-day measurement reliability. Normalized EADi increased at exercise intensities from 40% workload (WL) to 70% and 85%WL but plateaued from 70% to 85% (p<0.05). ...
Sandbakk Silvana Bucher SB Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of acute supplementation with L-arginine and nitrate on running economy, endurance and sprint performance in endurance-trained athletes. In a randomised cross-over, double-blinded design we compared the effects of combined supplementation with 6 g L-arginine and 614 mg nitrate against 614 mg nitrate alone and placebo in nine male ...
Peng Song S Department of Cardiology, Zhongnan hospital of Wuhan university, No. 169 Donghu Road, Wuhan 430071, Hubei, - - 2014
This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of trimetazidine in combination with other anti-anginal drugs versus other anti-anginal drugs in the treatment of stable angina pectoris (SAP). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English and Chinese were retrieved from computerized databases: Embase, PubMed, and CNKI. Primary outcomes consist of clinical ...
van Gemert Willemijn A WA Department of Epidemiology, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht - - 2014
Background An inactive lifestyle is a risk factor for several types of cancer. A proposed pathway through which exercise influences cancer risk is via insulin. We aim to investigate the effect of a one-year exercise intervention on insulin sensitivity, and the role of body fat in this association, in healthy, ...
Ciolac Emmanuel Gomes EG 1Exercise and Chronic Disease Research Laboratory, Physical Education Department, School of Sciences, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Bauru, Brazil; 2Heart Institute, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, - - 2014
To analyze the use of 6-20 rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale for prescribing and self-regulating heated water-based exercise (HEx) and land-based exercise (LEx) in heart transplant recipients. Fifteen (5 female) clinically stable heart transplant recipients (time since surgery = 4.0 ± 2.5 years) aged 46.7 ± 11.8 years underwent ...
Covington Jeffrey D JD J Covington, Laboratory of Reproductive Endocrinology and Woman's Health, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, United - - 2014
Objective: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is associated with reduced adipose tissue lipolysis that can be rescued by aerobic exercise. We aimed to identify differences in gene expression of perilipins and associated targets in adipose tissue in women with PCOS before and after exercise. Design and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional ...
Moore Daniel Ryan DR University of Toronto - - 2014
Post-exercise protein ingestion increases whole-body and muscle protein anabolism in adults. No study has specifically investigated the combined effects of exercise and protein ingestion on protein metabolism in healthy, physically active children. Under 24h dietary control, thirteen (7 males, 6 females) active children (~11y age; 39.3±5.9 kg) consumed an oral ...
Woodside John D S JD Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, - - 2014
Exercise performance in hypoxia may be limited by a critical reduction in cerebral and skeletal tissue oxygenation though the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We examined if increased systemic free radical accumulation during hypoxia would be associated with elevated microvascular deoxygenation and reduced maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2MAX). Eleven healthy males were ...
Yogev A A Laboratory for Exercise and Environmental Physiology, Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, CANADA, V5A - - 2014
It was hypothesized that normoxic 30% nitrous oxide (N2O) would suppress and hyperthermia would increase exercise ventilation during short duration, high intensity exercise. Thirteen males (24.2±0.8 y; mean±SE), of normal physique (BMI, 23.8±1.0kg • m(-2)), performed 4 separate 30 s Wingate tests on a cycle ergometer. Exercise ventilation and its ...
Macefield Vaughan G VG School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, NSW, Australia; Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sustained isometric contraction of skeletal muscle causes an increase in blood pressure, due to an increase in cardiac output and an increase in total peripheral resistance-brought about by an increase in sympathetically-mediated vasoconstriction. Both central command and reflex inputs from metaboreceptors in the contracting muscles have been shown to contribute ...
Amann Markus M Department of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Department of Exercise & Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Group III and IV muscle afferents originating in exercising limb muscle play a significant role in the development of fatigue during exercise in humans. Feedback from these sensory neurons to the central nervous system (CNS) reflexively increases ventilation and central (cardiac output) and peripheral (limb blood flow) hemodynamic responses during ...
Huang Mu M Department of Applied Physiology & Wellness, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, United - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis (MS), a progressive neurological disease, can result in autonomic dysfunction. Impairments in the autonomic control of cardiovascular and thermoregulatory function during exercise have been observed in MS. Attenuated elevations in blood pressure during exercise in MS patients can negatively impact blood flow to skeletal muscle. Diminished sweating during ...
Hill M W MW Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, University of Northampton, Boughton Green Road, Northampton NN2 7AL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older adults are increasingly being encouraged to exercise but this may lead to muscle fatigue, which can adversely affect postural stability. Few studies have investigated the effects of upper body exercise on postural sway in groups at risk of falling, such as the elderly. The purpose of this study was ...
Bongers Pim J PJ Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
During laparoscopic surgery distractions often occur and multitasking between surgery and other tasks, such as technical equipment handling, is a necessary competence. In psychological research, reduction of adverse effects of distraction is demonstrated when specifically multitasking is trained. The aim of this study was to examine whether multitasking and more ...
Duppen N N Department of Paediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Departments of Radiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Exercise can improve physical fitness in children and adults with congenital heart disease. We hypothesized that exercise training would not lead to adverse cardiac remodelling in this population. This multi-centre randomized controlled trial included children and young adults (10 to 25years) with either corrected tetralogy of Fallot or Fontan circulation. ...
Park Jeanie J Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA; Research Service Line, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Abnormal neurocirculatory control during exercise is one important mechanism leading to exercise intolerance in patients with both end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review will provide an overview of mechanisms underlying abnormal neurocirculatory and hemodynamic responses to exercise in patients with kidney disease. ...
Noto Haruka H Tokyo Women's Medical University, Department of Medicine and Gastroenterology, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, - - 2014
Lack of exercise and excessive food intake are known to be the important causes of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). To elucidate the relationship between lifestyle and NASH, we surveyed exercise and dietary habits, comparing them among 171 biopsy-proven NASH patients, 29 nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) patients and 49 normal subjects. Dietary ...
Sun P P Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Acute aerobic exercise produces post-exercise hypotension (PEH). Chinese populations have lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease compared to Caucasians. PEH may be associated cardiovascular disease through its influence on hypertension. The purpose of this study was to compare PEH between Caucasian and Chinese subjects following acute aerobic exercise. 62 (30 Caucasian ...
Parker Simpson L L Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United - - 2014
We investigated the influence of hypoxia on the asymptote (critical power, CP) and the curvature constant (W') of the hyperbolic power-duration relationship, as measured by both conventional and all-out testing procedures. 13 females completed 5 constant-power prediction trials and a 3-min all-out test to estimate CP and W', in both ...
Carpentier Alain A Laboratory for Biometry and Exercise Nutrition, Faculty of Motor Sciences, Free University of Brussels (ULB Belgium), Brussels, - - 2014
Recently, dietary supplementation with inorganic nitrate (NO3) has been proposed to endurance athletes to increase their performance. However, it has been suggested that an excess of (NO3) might be harmful. The present study analysed the impact of (NO3) supplementation on kidney function. Thirteen young male subjects performed a 20-min cycling ...
Hebert Anders A From the Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark (A.H., L.I., A.S.J., L.S.); Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (U.R.M.); Departments of Cardiology (U.T.) and Pediatric Cardiology (K.H.), Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; Department of Cardiology/Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (S.N.); and Department of Cardiology, Skejby, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (K.E.S.). - - 2014
The Fontan procedure has improved survival in children with functionally univentricular hearts. With time, however, complications such as reduced exercise capacity are seen more frequently. Exercise intolerance is multifactorial, but pulmonary vascular resistance probably plays a crucial role. Elevated pulmonary vascular resistance has been associated with raised levels of endothelin-1, ...
Coull Nicole A NA Department of Sport Science and Physical Activity, Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research (ISPAR), University of Bedfordshire, Bedford, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tyrosine (TYR) ingestion on cognitive and physical performance during soccer-specific exercise in a warm environment. Eight male soccer players completed an individualised 90 min soccer-simulation intermittent soccer performance test (iSPT), on a non-motorised treadmill, on two occasions, within an environmental ...
Coquart Jérémy B JB Faculty of Sport Sciences, EA 3832, CETAPS, University of Rouen, Mont Saint Aignan, France, - - 2014
We assessed the validity of predicting peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2 peak) from the relationship between oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2) and overall ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) obtained during the initial stages of a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Fifteen healthy participants and 18 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
Coisne Augustin A Service d'Explorations Fonctionnelles Cardio-Vasculaires, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France, - - 2014
Exercise transthoracic echocardiography (ExE) was recently proposed to evaluate tolerance and help risk stratification of mitral regurgitation (MR). Few data are available on the feasibility of Doppler echocardiographic recordings at exercise in daily practice in both secondary and primary MR. Comprehensive resting and ExE were performed in 72 unselected patients ...
Zhang Yi - - 2014
The switching exercise (e.g., Interval Training) has been a commonly used exercise protocol nowadaysfor the enhancement of exerciser's cardiovascular fitness. The current difficulty for simulating humanonset and offset exercise responses regarding the switching exercise is to ensure the continuity of theoutputs during onset-offset switching, as well as to accommodate the ...
Dent Jessica R JR School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand; Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New - - 2014
The physiological requirements underlying soccer-specific exercise are incomplete and sex-based comparisons are sparse. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a repeated-sprint protocol on the translational repressor 4E-BP1 and sprint performance in male and female soccer players. Cross-over design involving eight female and seven male university ...
Torgrimson-Ojerio Britta B School of Nursing, Oregon Health Science University, Portland, OR 97239, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise intolerance, as evidenced by a worsening of pain, fatigue, and stiffness after novel exertion, is a key feature of fibromyalgia (FM). In this pilot study, we investigate whether; insufficient muscle repair processes and impaired anti-inflammatory mechanisms result in an exaggerated pro-inflammatory cytokine response to exhaustive exercise, and consequently a ...
Beitler Jeremy R JR Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Because cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) aids in prognostic assessment of heart disease, there is rising interest in its utility for cardiovascular risk stratification of patients with OSA. However, the relationship between OSA and exercise capacity is unclear. ...
Scribbans T D TD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada - - - 2014
There is currently little information regarding the ability of metabolic prediction equations to accurately predict oxygen uptake and exercise intensity from HR during intermittent sport. The purpose of the present study was to develop and, cross--validate equations appropriate for accurately predicting oxygen cost (VO2) and energy expenditure from heart rate ...
Zajenkowski Marcin M a Faculty of Psychology , University of Warsaw, Warsaw , - - 2014
Abstract In the present study, we examined mood changes following dancing. Previous works suggested that contextual factors may influence affective states; it has been shown that changes in mood following competition differ from those following recreational exercise. The study has been conducted in Warsaw, Poland. Mood was assessed before and ...
Lewis Nathan A NA English Institute of Sport, Bath, UK, - - 2014
The production of reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS) is a fundamental feature of mammalian physiology, cellular respiration and cell signalling, and essential for muscle function and training adaptation. Aerobic and anaerobic exercise results in alterations in redox homeostasis (ARH) in untrained, trained and well trained athletes. Low to ...
Cincin Altug A Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to be associated with increased incidence of adverse cardiovascular events, but underlying pathophysiological mechanism has not been clearly demonstrated. Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and impairment in this system is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The aim ...
Hill M M Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, University of Northampton, Northampton, - - 2014
Age-predicted maximal heart rate (HRMAX ) equations are commonly used for the purpose of prescribing exercise regimens, as criteria for achieving maximal exertion and for diagnostic exercise testing. Despite the growing popularity of upper body exercise in both healthy and clinical settings, no recommendations are available for exercise modes using ...
Gloeckl Rainer R Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee, - - 2014
Background: The Oxymizer® is a special nasal cannula that provides a higher luminal diameter in combination with an incorporated oxygen (O2) reservoir. It is assumed that a higher O2 concentration can be delivered breath by breath in order to increase oxygenation. Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of the ...
van der Hoop Julie M JM http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2327-9000 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States; - - 2014
Attaching bio-telemetry or -logging devices ('tags') to marine animals for research and monitoring adds drag to streamlined bodies, affecting posture, swimming gaits and energy balance. These costs have never been measured in free-swimming cetaceans. To examine the effect of drag from a tag on metabolic rate, cost of transport, and ...
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