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Results 251 - 300 of 1870
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Gavin Timothy P TP Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. - - 2014
Whether aging lowers skeletal muscle basal capillarization and angiogenesis remains controversial. To investigate the effects of aging on skeletal muscle capillarization, eight young (YW) and eight aged (AW) women completed 8 weeks of exercise training. The response and relationships of muscle capillarization, interstitial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and microvascular ...
Khiabani Reza H RH Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology & Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Elevated energy loss in the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is hypothesised to have a detrimental effect on clinical outcomes in single-ventricle physiology, which may be magnified with exercise. This study investigates the relationship between TCPC haemodynamic energy dissipation and exercise performance in single-ventricle patients. Thirty consecutive Fontan patients with TCPC ...
Sillen Maurice Jh - - 2014
Strength training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are effective training modalities for improving muscle function, exercise performance and health status in individuals with COPD. The aim of the present study was to analyze the metabolic load of these training modalities at baseline, half-way, and at the end of an eight-week ...
Turner Anthony P AP 1Sport, Physical Education and Health Sciences (SPEHS), University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK 2Applied Sports Technology Exercise and Medicine Research Centre (A-STEM), Health and Sport Portfolio, Swansea University, Swansea, UK 3Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Post-activation potentiation (PAP), an acute and temporary enhancement of muscular performance resulting from prior muscular contraction, commonly occurs after heavy resistance exercise. However, this method of inducing PAP has limited application to the pre-competition practices (e.g., warm-up) of many athletes. Very few studies have examined the influence of plyometric activity ...
Stein E - - 2014
Previous research has found executive function benefits of exercise for older adults. However, only 7% of older adults exercise at recommended levels. Exergaming may be more motivating because of interaction with virtual reality scenery while exercising. One study revealed added cognitive benefit for older adults who rode a stationary bike ...
Kim Yu-Sik YS Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Osteocalcin has been proposed to be a novel link between bone and energy metabolism. Previous studies showed its relations to exercise, body fat, and glucose metabolism, but their interrelationship remains inconslusive. We evaluated the changes in osteocalcin level following 8-week exercise program and assessed how they are related to concomitant ...
Corrà Ugo U Cardiology Division, IRCCS Fondazione 'S. Maugeri', Centro Medico e di Riabilitazione di Veruno, Veruno, Novara, - - 2014
The relationship between exercise capacity, as assessed by peak oxygen consumption, and outcome is well established in heart failure (HF), but the predictive value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) has been recently questioned, for two main reasons. First, the decisional power of CPET in the selection of heart transplantation candidates ...
Buchheit Martin M Sport Science Department, Myorobie Association , Montvalezan, - - 2014
The aims of the present study were to 1) examine whether individual HR and RPE responses to a jump rope workout could be used to predict changes in high-intensity intermittent running performance in young athletes, and 2) examine the effect of using different methods to determine a smallest worthwhile change ...
Blatnik Justin A JA Appalachian State University , Department of Health, Leisure & Exercise Science, Neuromuscular & Biomechanics Laboratory, Boone, NC, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to examine how load would affect peak power (PP) of the bar, body and system (bar + body) during the deadlift. Eight healthy males (age = 22.00 ± 2.38 years; height = 1.80 ± 0.05 m; body mass = 88.97 ± 14.88 kg; deadlift ...
Sukys Saulius S Department of Health, Physical and Social Education, Lithuanian Sports University , Kaunas, - - 2014
This study examined links between parents' exercise habits and adolescents' participation in sports activities, considering the aspects of gender and age. It was hypothesized that regular exercise by both parents would be related to children's involvement in sport regardless of their gender and age. Moreover, it was hypothesized that children's ...
Brewer Cameron P CP School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia , Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
This study examined the effect of 6 days of sodium phosphate (SP) (50 mg·kg·FFM(-1)·day(-1)) or placebo (PL) supplementation in trained cyclists on either 100 kJ (23.9 Kcal) (~3-4 min) or 250 kJ (59.7 Kcal) (~10-12 min) time trials performances both 1 and 8 days post-supplementation. Trials were performed in a ...
Esco Michael R MR Auburn University at Montgomery, Human Performance Laboratory , Montgomery, AL, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the agreement of the vagal-related heart rate variability index, log-transformed root mean square of successive R-R intervals (lnRMSSD), measured under ultra-short-term conditions (< 60 seconds) with conventional longer term recordings of 5 minutes in collegiate athletes under resting and post-exercise conditions. Electrocardiographic ...
Bautista Iker J IJ CTS 642 Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada , - - 2014
This aims of this study were twofold; 1) to development a new scale of perceived velocity in the bench press exercise and 2) to examine the scales concurrent validity. Twenty one physically active males with mean ±SD age, height and weights of: 27.5 ± 4.7 years, 1.77 ± 0.07 m, ...
Chavanelle Vivien V Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, Laboratoire des Adaptations Métaboliques à l'Exercice en conditions Physiologiques et Pathologiques (AME2P) , Aubière Cedex, - - 2014
The study of the physiological adaptations of skeletal muscle in response to eccentric (ECC) contraction is based on protocols in which exercise intensities are determined relative to the concentric (CON) reference exercise (as percentage of the CON maximal oxygen consumption, or VO2max). In order to use similar exercise protocols in ...
Campos Helton O HO Departamento de Educação Física, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa , Minas Gerais, Brasil ; Departamento de Fisiologia e Biofísica, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The control of body temperature in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) subjected to exercise in warm environment was investigated. Male SHR and Wistar rats were submitted to moderate exercise in temperate (25°C) and warm (32°C) environments while body and tail skin temperatures, as well as oxygen consumption, were registered. Total time ...
Roxburgh Brendon H BH Department of Sport and Exercise Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland , Auckland, New - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of either continuous moderate intensity exercise training (CMIET) alone vs. CMIET combined with a single weekly bout of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness. Twenty nine sedentary participants (36.3 ± 6.9 yrs) at moderate risk of cardiovascular disease ...
Maté-Muñoz José Luis JL Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Alfonso X el Sabio University , Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was compare the effects of a traditional and an instability resistance circuit training program on upper and lower limb strength, power, movement velocity and jumping ability. Thirty-six healthy untrained men were assigned to two experimental groups and a control group. Subjects in the experimental groups ...
Drygas Wojciech W Department of Social and Preventive Medicine Medical University of Lodz , Lodz, Poland ; Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Prevention and Health Promotion, National Institute of Cardiology , Warsaw, - - 2014
Data on physiological effects and potential risks of a ultraendurance swimming are scarce. This report presents the unique case of a 61-year old athlete who completed a non-stop open-water 120-km ultramarathon swim on the Warta River, Poland. Pre-swimming examinations revealed favorable conditions (blood pressure, 110/70 mmHg; rest heart rate, 54 ...
Morgado José P JP Physiology and Biochemistry of Exercise Laboratory, CIPER, Fac Motricidade Humana , Univ Lisboa, - - 2014
Studies examining the immune response to acute intensive swimming have shown increased leukocytosis and lymphocyte populations. However, studies concerning mucosal immunity and sex differences remain controversial. The objective of the study was to examine sex differences on the immune response to maximal incremental swimming exercise in well trained swimmers. Participants ...
Lovatel Gisele Agustini GA Curso de Fisioterapia, Rua Pedro João Pereira, 150 Mato Alto, EP 88900-000, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Araranguá, SC, Brasil; Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Rua Sarmento Leite, 500, CEP 90050-170, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Persistent effects of pre- and postischemic exercise on glial cells activation after global cerebral ischemia remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of both pre and postischemic treadmill exercise protocols (20min/day during 2 weeks) on glial cells immunostaining in the hippocampus of Wistar rats submitted to global ischemia. A ...
Ye X X Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, - - 2014
To investigate the influences of dynamic exercise on force steadiness and common drive to motor units. Seventeen men (age 24±4 years; height 181.7±5.7 cm; mass 89.6±14.9 kg) performed 6 sets of 10 repetitions of maximal isokinetic concentric (CON) or eccentric exercise (ECC) with their dominant elbow flexors on separate experimental ...
Moyen Nicole E NE Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, - - 2014
Moyen NE, Mündel T, Du Bois AM, Ciccone AB, Morton RH, Judelson DA. Increasing humidity affects thermoregulation during low-intensity exercise in women. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:905-11. Women increasingly occupy manual labor jobs. However, research examining women working under hot-humid conditions is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of our study ...
García-Gutiérrez M T MT Laboratory of Physiology, European University Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid, - - 2014
The first purpose of this study was to determine the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise during an isometric hand-grip exercise. The second purpose was to evaluate whether more than one vibratory focus would evoke an increase in the effects evoked by only one vibratory focus. The present study investigated ...
Roi G S GS Educational and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna, - - 2014
Most of the difficulties when trying to realize the proposal to prescribe physical activity for transplantation patients come from patient attitudes and cultural beliefs that ignore the benefits of exercise, but there also are organizational aspects arising from the difficulties that these patients face in accessing supervised exercise facilities. To ...
Ezema C I - - 2014
Objective: Despite the significant positive effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on physical and psychosocial well-being of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) (PLWHA); decreased physical activity and its associated cardiovascular risk still pose some consequences for health and general well-being. This study investigated the effect ...
Chen Chung-Yu CY 1 Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Taipei , Taipei, Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Chen, Chung-Yu, Chien-Wen Hou, Jeffrey R. Bernard, Chiu-Chou Chen, Ta-Cheng Hung, Lu-Ling Cheng, Yi-Hung Liao, and Chia-Hua Kuo. Rhodiola crenulata- and Cordyceps sinensis-based supplement boosts aerobic exercise performance after short-term high altitude training. High Alt Med Biol 15:371-379, 2014.-High altitude training is a widely used strategy for improving aerobic ...
Ding Zeyu Z Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, - - 2014
The long-time exercise test (ET) is used to diagnose the primary periodic paralyses (PPs). However the reference values of ET are many and various. This study aimed to investigate the reference value of long-time ET in the diagnosis of PPs. We recruited 108 healthy subjects, 68 patients with PPs, and ...
Kim Hyeon Su HS Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to compare the effects of horseback riding exercise and trunk stability exercise on static and dynamic balance in normal adults. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two normal adults residing in communities were randomly divided into a horseback riding exercise group and a trunk stability exercise ...
Lee Chih-Wei CW Department of Physical Therapy, Tzu Chi University, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of Phase II cardiac exercise therapy (CET) on exercise capacity and changes in coronary risk factors (CRFs) of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). [Subjects] Thirty male subjects with AMI were divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). Another 30 age-matched ...
Hur Sun S Division of Sport Science, Kangwon National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to search for the association of Type D personality and CVD risk factors through comparison of the association of exercise participation with CVD risk factors in women. [Subjects] The research subjects were randomly assigned to four groups: Type D+Exercise (n=12), Type D+non-exercise (n=12), ...
Wang Zun Z Rehabilitation Therapy Department, The Second Medical School of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, - - 2014
[Purpose] To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of adapted low intensity ergometer aerobic training for early and severely impaired stroke survivors. [Subjects] The subjects were forty-eight early stroke survivors. [Methods] Eligible subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. Both groups participated in comprehensive ...
Ogata Cristiane M CM Centro de Estudos do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo (CESNA), Departamento de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (UNESP), Marília, SP, - - 2014
Flexible poles can provide rapid eccentric and concentric muscle contractions. Muscle vibration is associated with a "tonic vibration reflex" that is stimulated by a sequence of rapid muscle stretching, activation of the muscle spindles and stimulation of a response that is similar to the myotatic reflex. Literature studies analyzing the ...
García-Pérez José Antonio JA a Department of Sports and Physical Education , University of Valencia , C/Gascó Oliag, no 3, Valencia 46010 , - - 2014
The effects of treadmill running on impact acceleration were examined together with the interaction between running surface and runner's fatigue state. Twenty recreational runners (11 men and 9 women) ran overground and on a treadmill (at 4.0 m/s) before and after a fatigue protocol consisting of a 30-minute run at 85% ...
West C R CR International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries (ICORD), Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
We aimed to determine the relationship between level of injury, completeness of injury, resting as well as exercise hemodynamics, and endurance performance in athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI). Twenty-three elite male paracycling athletes (C3-T8) were assessed for neurological level/completeness of injury, autonomic completeness of injury, resting cardiovascular function, and ...
Crawford Jennifer J JJ Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E-488 Van Vliet Center, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G - - 2014
Exercise improves numerous psychosocial outcomes in cancer survivors; however, few studies have examined posttraumatic growth. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between exercise and posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors (GCS). Using the Alberta Cancer Registry, a random sample of endometrial, ovarian, and cervical cancer ...
de Sousa Maysa Vieira MV Laboratory of Medical Investigation 18 - LIM-18, Endocrinology Division, Medical School, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation on markers of bone turnover in elite runners. Twenty-four male runners were randomly assigned to two groups - a CHO and a control (CON) group - using a double-blind design. The participants were submitted to an overload training program (days 1-8), followed ...
Ussher Michael H MH Population Health Research Institute, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK, SW17 - - 2014
Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage weight gain. To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone, or combined with a smoking cessation programme, are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction ...
Andrade Lívia Barboza de LB Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, 50070-550 Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few studies have been conducted on the effects of aerobic exercise in children with asthma, particularly on the inflammatory component and functional outcomes. This study evaluated the effect of aerobic exercise on inflammation, functional capacity, respiratory muscle strength, quality of life and symptoms scores in asthmatic children. This was a ...
Stoutenberg Mark M Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street, Clinical Research Building, Suite 1008, Miami, FL, USA 33136. Electronic address: - - 2014
Alcohol use disorders (AUD) are a major public health concern due to their association with several acute and chronic health conditions. Exercise training offers a myriad of physical and mental health benefits, and may be a promising adjunct intervention for those in AUD treatment. The purpose of this study was ...
Guiraud Thibaut T From the Clinic of Saint-Orens, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center, Saint-Orens-de-Gameville, France (TG, RG, MB, LR, AB); Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), UMR-1048, Toulouse, France (TG, ML); University of Toulouse III: Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France (TG, AP); Department of Rehabilitation, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France (ML); Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France (AP); Pôle Rééducation-Réadaptation and Plateforme d'Investigation Technologique INSERM CIC 1432, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon, Dijon, France (VG); INSERM U1093 « Cognition, Action, et Plasticité Sensorimotrice » 8 Service de Médecine du Sport, CHU Toulouse, Larrey, France (FP); and Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre, Montreal Heart Institute, University of Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate safety, tolerance, relative exercise intensity, and muscle substrate oxidation during sessions performed on a Huber Motion Lab in coronary heart disease patients. After an assessment of V˙O2 peak, 20 coronary heart disease patients participated in two different exercises performed in random order ...
Chanda Makamas M Molecular Hematology Research Unit, Department of Clinical Microscopy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Glucose-6-phospate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient cells are sensitive to oxidative damage leading to the formation of microparticles (MPs). Therefore, we examined the concentration of MPs and changes in the antioxidant balance after an acute strenuous exercise (SEx) and moderate-intensity exercise (MEx). Eighteen healthy females (18-24 years) with G6PD normal and eighteen ...
Barker Tom T Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, The Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Assessment of local tissue oxygenation (StO2) using near infrared spectroscopy is an emerging technique in medical practice with applications in trauma/sepsis management, diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome and assessment of tissue viability. Despite this, there have been little published data on the range of StO2 values in normal subjects. StO2 ...
Simonson T S TS Department of Medicine Division of Physiology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA, 92093 - - 2014
High-altitude natives are challenged by hypoxia and a potential compensation could be reduced blood P50, as seen in several high-altitude mammalian species. In 21 Qinghai Tibetan males and 9 Han Chinese, all resident at 4200 m, standard P50 was calculated from measurements of arterial PO2 and forehead oximeter oxygen saturation ...
Perez-Schindler Joaquin J a School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences , University of Birmingham , Birmingham , - - 2014
Abstract Concurrent training (the combination of endurance exercise to resistance training) is a common practice for athletes looking to maximise strength and endurance. Over 20 years ago, it was first observed that performing endurance exercise after resistance exercise could have detrimental effects on strength gains. At the cellular level, specific ...
Lin Chih-Hsueh CH Department of Family Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Exercise training is considered a benefit to heart function, but the benefit in aging hearts remains unknown. Activation of the PI3K-Akt survival pathway and suppression of Fas/FADD/caspase-8 apoptotic signaling by exercise training in hearts from young subjects have been described in our previous studies. However, the mechanisms are still unclear ...
Rupp Thomas T 1] HP2 Laboratory, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France [2] INSERM U1042, U836, US 17, Grenoble, France [3] Laboratoire de Physiologie de l'Exercice, Université de Savoie, Chambéry, - - 2014
The present study assessed the isolated and synergetic effects of hypoxic exposure and prolonged exercise on cerebral volume and subedema and symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS). Twelve healthy males performed three semirandomized blinded 11-hour sessions with (1) an inspiratory oxygen fraction (FiO2) of 12% and 4-hour cycling, (2) FiO2=21% ...
Tompuri Tuomo T Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital and University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Biomedicine/Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, - - 2014
In the exercise testing measures of cardiorespiratory fitness need to be scaled by body size or composition to enable comparison between individuals. Traditionally used weight-proportional measures are potentially confounded by body adiposity that hampers their interpretation and applicability in the clinical assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness. We aimed to find the ...
Haramizu Satoshi S Kao - - 2014
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) comprises carbohydrates, membrane-specific proteins, glycoproteins, phospholipids, and sphingolipids. We evaluated the effects of MFGM consumption over a 12-week period on endurance capacity and energy metabolism in BALB/c mice. Long-term MFGM intake combined with regular exercise improved endurance capacity, as evidenced by swimming time until fatigue, ...
Teplan Vladimír V Department of Nephrology, Transplant Centre, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Institute for Postgraduate Education, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Background/Aims : To assess, in a prospective cohort study of 238 renal transplant patients, our hypothesis that elevated ADMA levels may be influenced by physical exercise and obesity. Methods : Blood samples before and after six months were obtained from 116 transplant patients participating in an aerobic exercise (Group I). ...
Gojanovic B B Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital and University, Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2014
Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a new exercise method, with good acceptance among sedentary subjects. The metabolic response to WBV has not been well documented. 3 groups of male subjects, inactive (SED), endurance (END) and strength trained (SPRINT) underwent a session of side-alternating WBV composed of three 3-min exercises (isometric half-squat, ...
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