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Results 201 - 250 of 2244
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Suchy Christiane C Department of Prevention, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Technische Universität München, Germany - - 2014
Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) currently affects more than seven million Europeans and is the only cardiovascular disease increasing in prevalence and incidence. No pharmacological agent has yet been shown to improve symptoms or prognosis. The most promising way to improve pathophysiology and deprived exercise-tolerance in ...
Rupp Thomas T Laboratoire de Physiologie de l'Exercice, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, Campus Scientifique Technolac, 73376, Chambéry, Le Bourget Du Lac Cedex, France, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of acute hypoxia on spinal reflexes and soleus muscle function after a sustained contraction of the plantar flexors at 40 % of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC). Fifteen males (age 25.3 ± 0.9 year) performed the fatigue task at two different inspired O2 fractions (FiO2 = 0.21/0.11) in a randomized and ...
Gibala Martin J MJ Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada, - - 2014
Interval training refers to the basic concept of alternating periods of relatively intense exercise with periods of lower-intensity effort or complete rest for recovery. Low-volume interval training refers to sessions that involve a relatively small total amount of exercise (i.e. ≤10 min of intense exercise), compared with traditional moderate-intensity continuous training ...
Heinonen Ilkka I Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; Department of Cardiology, Division of Experimental Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands - - 2014
Virtually all tissues in the human body rely on aerobic metabolism for energy production and are therefore critically dependent on continuous supply of oxygen. Oxygen is provided by blood flow, and, in essence, changes in organ perfusion are also closely associated with alterations in tissue metabolism. In response to acute ...
Bermejo Jose Luis JL Department of Physical Education, Catholic University of Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
It was supposed that the difficulty of postural tasks accentuates the effects of fatigue on postural stability. The aim of this work was to compare the effects of fatiguing running on three different postural conditions presenting different levels of difficulty: a standing still position with the eyes open (EO condition), ...
Prado Wagner L WL Dept. of Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Exercise is implicated in modifying subsequent energy intake (EI) through alterations in hunger and/or satiety hormones. Our aim was to examine the effects of aerobic exercise on hunger, satiety regulatory peptides, and EI in obese adolescents. Nine obese girls (age: 13-18 years old, BMI: 33.74 ± 4.04 kg/m2) participated in ...
Jürimäe Jaak J Institute of Sport Pedagogy and Coaching Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, - - 2014
Physical exercise is known to regulate energy balance. Important to this regulatory system is the existence of several peptides that communicate the status of body energy stores to the brain and are related to the body fatness including leptin, adiponectin and ghrelin. These hormones assist in regulating energy balance as ...
Tran Brian D BD Institute for Clinical and Translational Science, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, - - 2014
The beneficial effects of exercise, including reduction of cardiovascular risk, are especially important in children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), in whom incidence of lifetime cardiovascular complications remains elevated despite good glycemic control. Being able to exercise safely is therefore a paramount concern. Dysregulated metabolism in T1DM however, causes frequent ...
Shei Ren-Jay RJ Human Performance and Exercise Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, 1025 E. 7th Street, PH 112, Bloomington, IN - - 2014
Increased oxidative stress and inflammatory responses among individuals performing strenuous exercise, elite athletes, or military personnel have been consistently reported. In addition, it is known that exhaustive and/or unaccustomed exercise can lead to muscle fatigue, delayed onset muscle soreness, and a decrement in performance. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3PUFAs) have ...
Lisman Peter P Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
This study investigated associations between heat intolerance, as determined by performance on a heat tolerance test (HTT), and anthropometric measurements (body surface-to-mass ratio, percent body fat, body mass index, and waist circumference) and cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal oxygen uptake [VO2max]). Relationships between predictive variables and specific physiological measurements recorded during the ...
Seidl Jamie J 1Department of Family and Community Medicine, Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA; and 2Student Health and Sports Medicine, Family Medicine, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, - - 2014
Regular moderate exercise confers many cardiovascular and health benefits. Because of this, endurance sports events have become very popular with participation increasing tremendously over the past few years. In conjunction with this increase in popularity and participation, people also have increased the amount that they exercise with many training for ...
Santiago Michelle Dias Santos MD Departamento de Neurologia e Neurocirurgia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To compare the preventive treatment benefits of amitriptyline and aerobic exercise or amitriptyline alone in patients with chronic migraine. Method Sixty patients, both genders, aged between 18 and 50 years, with a diagnosis of chronic migraine, were randomized in groups called amitriptyline and aerobic exercise or amitriptyline alone. The following ...
Akhter Saeed - - 2014
To evaluate the role of manual therapy with exercise regime versus exercise regime alone in the management of non-specific chronic neck pain. In this 62 subjects randomized controlled trial 31 subjects in group A received manual therapy (manipulation) with supervised exercise regime whilst 31 subjects in group B performed only ...
Kellawan J Mikhail JM Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2014
Within individuals, critical power appears sensitive to manipulations in O2 delivery. We asked whether interindividual differences in forearm O2 delivery might account for a majority of the interindividual differences in forearm critical force impulse (critical impulse), the force analog of critical power. Ten healthy men (24.6 ± 7.10 years) completed ...
Ishii Kei K Department of Integrative Physiology, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
We have demonstrated the centrally induced cholinergic vasodilatation in skeletal muscle at the early period of voluntary one-legged exercise and during motor imagery in humans. The purpose of this study was to examine whether central command may also cause β-adrenergic vasodilatation during the exercise and motor imagery. Relative changes in ...
McDonald Matthew W MW School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
While regular exercise is known to improve cardiovascular function, individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have an increased risk for exercise-induced hypoglycemia. Clinical data suggest that higher intensities of acute exercise may alleviate the onset of hypoglycemia; however, the cardiovascular benefit from these forms of exercise in patients with ...
Li Yuchuan Y Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Muscle lipid stores and insulin sensitivity have a recognized association although the mechanism remains unclear. We investigated how a 12-week supervised combined endurance and strength exercise intervention influenced muscle lipid stores in sedentary overweight dysglycemic subjects and normal weight control subjects (n = 18). Muscle lipid stores were measured by ...
Bordeleau Martine M Master Student, Laval University, Quebec, - - 2014
Exercise-induced cough (EIC) is frequently reported by winter athletes, but this symptom is not always associated with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). The aims of this study were to determine if EIC can be inhibited or reduced with the inhalation of ipratropium, and if EIC in winter athletes is associated with EIB. ...
Goit Rajesh Kumar RK Department of Physiology, Nepalgunj Medical College Banke, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of moderate aerobic exercise on cardiac autonomic function in type 2 diabetic patients. Heart rate variability of 20 patients with type 2 diabetes was assessed. Resting electrocardiogram for the heart rate variability analysis at spontaneous respiration was recorded for ...
Kim Dae-Young DY Research Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Protection Science, Kyungwoon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to confirm whether consistent aerobic exercise has an effect on the apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-1 ratio or reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in obese women. [Subjects and Methods] The participants included 32 obese women between the ages of 40 and 49. Subjects were ...
Hur Sun S Division of Sport Science, Kangwon National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to research the association of Type D personality with CVD risk factors and psychology through comparison of the association of exercise participation with CVD risk factors and psychological risk factors in women with Type D. [Subjects] This study included 416 middle-aged women. All ...
Seys Sven F SF Laboratory of clinical Immunology, KU Leuven, Belgium; Laboratory of pneumology, KU Leuven, - - 2014
Daily intensive exercise by elite athletes can result in exercise-induced asthma especially in elite swimmers and this may be linked to epithelial damage. To study airway epithelial damage and release of damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) after intensive exercise in elite athletes and controls. We recruited competitive swimmers (n=26), competitive ...
Smith Kj K Centre for Heart Lung and Vascular Health, School of Health and Exercise Sciences, Univ. of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC, Canada - - 2014
We examined the hypotheses that: 1) during incremental exercise and recovery following 4-6 days at high altitude (HA) global cerebral blood flow (gCBF) increases to preserve cerebral oxygen delivery (CDO2) in excess of that required by an increasing cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2); 2) the trans-cerebral exchange of oxygen ...
Rosu O M OM Rheumatology--Rehabilitation Depatment, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr.T.Popa"Iasi, Romania - - - 2014
It is widely accepted that patient education and regular exercises could improve pain, function and maintain posture in Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS). The main aim of our study was to demonstrate the benefits of a specific, McKenzie training focusing on pain, spine flexibility, disease activity and function, as well as chest ...
Wang Xiao X Department of Neurology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050051, P.R. - - 2014
Previous studies have reported that physical exercise may exert a neuroprotective effect in humans as well as animals. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effect of exercise has remained to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to explore the possible signaling pathways involved in the protective ...
Nam Sung - - 2014
BackgroundAging negatively affects adult hippocampal neurogenesis, and exercise attenuates the age-related reduction in adult hippocampal neurogenesis. In the present study, we used senescent mice induced by D-galactose to examine neural stem cells, cell proliferation, and neuronal differentiation with or without exercise treatment. D-galactose (100 mg/kg) was injected to six-week-old C57BL/6 J mice ...
Smith Joshua R JR Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, 1A Natatorium, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Resting lung diffusing capacity (DLCO) decreases during the early and late-follicular phases of the menstrual cycle presumably due to capillary blood volume (VC) changes; however, it is not known if these differences exist during exercise. We hypothesized that DLCO would increase during the mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle due ...
Alberton Cristine Lima CL a Physical Education School , Federal University of Pelotas , Pelotas , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose was to analyse the vertical ground reaction forces (Fz) of head-out aquatic exercises [stationary running (SR), frontal kick (FK), cross-country skiing (CCS), jumping jacks (JJ), adductor hop (ADH) and abductor hop (ABH)] at two cadences in both aquatic and dry land environments. Twelve young women completed two ...
Pinot Julien J a Health & Sport Department , University of Franche-Comte, EA 4660, Culture - Sport - Health - Society (C3S) , Besancon , - - 2014
Abstract This study analysed the evolution of the physical potential of a twice top-10 Grand Tour cycling finisher (Tour de France and Vuelta a España) whose training was monitored between the ages of 18 and 23 years. The world-class cyclist's power output (PO) data and training indices were analysed over six ...
Adami Paolo Emilio PE a Department of Physiology and Pharmacology "Vittorio Erspamer" , Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , - - 2014
This research on "America's Cup" grinders investigated the effects of a specific eight-week long-arm cranking ergometer (ACE) training on upper body (UB) aerobic fitness (ventilatory threshold - Tvent, respiratory compensation point- RCP, -oxygen uptake peak - [Formula: see text]O2peak) and high intensity working capacity. The training consisted of sessions carried ...
Sedgwick Matthew J MJ a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences , Loughborough University , Loughborough , - - 2014
Abstract This study investigated whether repeated, very short duration sprints influenced endothelial function (indicated by flow-mediated dilation) and triacylglycerol concentrations following the ingestion of high-fat meals in adolescent boys. Nine adolescent boys completed two, 2-day main trials (control and exercise), in a counter-balanced, cross-over design. Participants were inactive on day ...
Oliveira Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho BR a Physical Education Department , President Antônio Carlos University , Barbacena , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the psychological and physiological responses of self-selected and imposed sessions of equivalent intensities and durations and allowing to participants a free control of pace during the self-selected session. Seventeen participants completed three sessions on a cycle ergometer. Participant's VO2Peak and lactate ...
Macartney Michael J MJ School of Medicine, Medical and Exercise Science, Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, University of - - 2014
Dietary fish consumption contributes to a reduced risk of cardiac mortality. In the present study, the effect of low-dose fish oil (FO) supplementation on heart rate (HR) response to intense exercise and recovery was investigated in physically fit males. The subjects (n 26) were supplemented (double-blind, parallel design) with (2 × 1 g/d) ...
Huang Chung-Ju CJ University of Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
This study attempted to determine whether the effects of physical exercise were reflected in the resting electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern of ADHD children. Thirty-two ADHD children were assigned to either an exercise group or a control group. The exercise group participated in a water aerobics program for 8 weeks, whereas no ...
Edgerton R A RA Exercise Physiology Lab, School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation,University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether constant load (CL) cycling or variable load (VL) cycling stimulates different physiological and psychological responses. Recreationally--trained male cyclists (n = 8, age 32 ± 5 y, 75.7 ± 10.9 kg, body fat 13.4 ± 5.6%, VO2 peak 4.60 ± 0.62 L ...
Bonato M M Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan Italy - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiologic and performance changes with the addition of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) to a traditional judo programme. Nine elite judokas (6 males and 3 females; age: 20±4 yrs; body mass: 69±2 kg; height: 172±7 cm; judo practice time: 13±6 yrs; weekly ...
Calbet Jose A L JA University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria - - 2014
The accuracy and reproducibility of transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTd) to assess cardiac output (Q) in exercising men was determined using indocyanine green (ICG) dilution as a reference method. TPTd has been utilized for the assessment of Q and preload indices of global end-diastolic volume (GEDV) and intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV), as ...
Lee S S Faculty of Health Professions, School of Health and Human Performance, Division ofKinesiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of fast tempo music (FM) on self--paced running performance (heart rate, running speed, ratings of perceived exertion), and slow tempo music (SM) on post--exercise heart rate and blood lactate recovery rates. Twelve participants (5 Women) completed three randomly assigned conditions: ...
Brunner J J Institute of Animal Nutrition, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional management of show jumping horses in practice with recommendations from the literature. Additionally, the effects of these feeding practices on several blood metabolic parameters before and after exercise were studied. Blood samples were collected in the field from 27 different ...
Black C C Bloomsbury Institute of Intensive Care Medicine, Division of Medicine, University College London, Cruciform Building, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK Therapies and Rehabilitation, University College Hospital, London, UK - - 2014
The accuracy of oxygen consumption measurement by indirect calorimeters is poorly validated in mechanically ventilated intensive care patients where multiple confounders exist. This study sought to compare the Medgraphics Ultima (MGU) and Deltatrac II (DTII) devices, and the Douglas bag (DB) technique in mechanically ventilated patients at rest. Prospective comparison ...
Stanley Jamie J Centre of Excellence for Applied Sport Science Research, Queensland Academy of Sport, Brisbane, - - 2014
We examined whether changes in heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) could consistently track adaptation to training and race performance during a 32-week competitive season. An elite male long-course triathlete recorded resting HR (RHR) each morning and vagal-related indices of HRV (natural logarithm of square-root of mean squared differences of successive ...
Sydó Nóra N Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, - - 2014
To analyze a large cohort of patients who underwent exercise testing and also report sex differences in other exercise heart rate (HR) parameters to determine whether separate sex-based equations to predict peak HR are indicated. Patients aged 40 to 89 years who performed treadmill exercise tests (Bruce protocol) from September ...
Slusher Aaron L AL Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) has recently been linked to obesity-associated inflammation, serving as a cardioprotective modulator against cardiovascular disease (CVD). Aerobic exercise has been shown to enhance plasma PTX3 levels; however, the impact of obesity on PTX3 response to exercise remains unknown. Therefore, this study sought to examine whether obese subjects ...
Margolis Lee M LM Nutrition, Exercise Physiology and Sarcopenia Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center On Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
To optimize its function, skeletal muscle exhibits exceptional plasticity and possesses the fundamental capacity to adapt its metabolic and contractile properties in response to various external stimuli (e.g., external loading, nutrient availability, and humoral factors). The adaptability of skeletal muscle, along with its relatively large mass and high metabolic rate, ...
Cochrane Darryl J DJ 1School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. 2Faculty of Health Science, Universal College of Learning, Palmerston North, New - - 2014
Vibration exercise (VbX) has gained popularity as a warm-up modality to enhance performance in golf, baseball and sprint cycling but little is known about the efficacy of using VbX as a warm-up prior to resistance exercise, such as deadlifting. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of ...
Vucetic Vlatko V Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to explore the differences in the peak blood lactate concentration (Lapeak) and time to reach Lapeak (tLapeak) during low-intensity recovery after an all-out treadmill ramp test in runners of four diverse running disciplines and different training regimes, and to identify the most opportune sampling ...
Williams Nancy I NI Pennsylvania State University - - 2014
We assessed the impact of energy deficiency on menstrual function using controlled feeding and supervised exercise over four menstrual cycles (1 Baseline and 3 Intervention cycles) in untrained, eumenorrheic women ages 18-30 yrs. Subjects were randomized to either an exercising control (EXCON) or one of three exercising energy deficit (ED) ...
Kästner Andreas A *Cardiology and Angiology I, University Heart Center Freiburg, Bad Krozingen, Freiburg, Germany; †Department of Sports Medicine, Klinikum Westfalen, Dortmund, Germany; and ‡Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, - - 2014
: We report 2 cases of enormously elevated creatine kinase (CK) activity after training with electromyostimulation (EMS) by 2 young male professional soccer players. In one of them, a single training session with EMS caused exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis with a maximal CK activity of 240 000 U/L. These cases illustrate that unaccustomed ...
Fanchini Maurizio M FC Internazionale, Milan, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to examine the effect of different exercise intensity distributions within a training session on the session-RPE and to examine the timing of measure on the rating. Nineteen junior players (age 16 ± 1 years, height 173 ± 5 cm, body mass 64 ± 6 ...
Griggs Katy E KE School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
Individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) have impaired thermoregulatory control due to a loss of sudomotor and vasomotor effectors below the lesion level. Thus, individuals with high level lesions (tetraplegia) possess a greater thermoregulatory impairment than individuals with lower level lesions (paraplegia). Previous research has not reflected the intermittent ...
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