Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1711
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Dawes H H Movement Science Group, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, UK Department of Clinical Neurology University of Oxford, UK - - 2014
To explore exercise response in people with Huntington's disease (HD). Experimental observational study with a randomly allocated subgroup before/after interventional study. Community. People with HD (n=30) and a healthy comparator group (n=20). Thirteen people from the HD group were randomly allocated to an exercise training program. Heart rate (HR) and ...
Yamada Takashi T Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2014
Peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) are prognostic in heart failure. We investigated whether LGE-CMR and peak VO2 combined had additive value in risk stratifying patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Fifty-seven DCM patients underwent CMR and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Cardiac ...
Garzon Mauricio M Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre (EPIC), Montreal Heart Institute, Canada; Research Center, Montreal Heart Institute and University of Montreal, Canada; Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of water immersion on oxygen uptake (V˙O2) and central hemodynamic responses during incremental maximal exercise at the same external power output (Pext) and recovery on an immersible ergocycle vs. a dryland ergocycle. Cross-over design study. Twenty healthy participants (32±7 years; 173±6cm; 71.7±9.7kg) performed maximal incremental exercise ...
Koch Sarah S School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, - - 2014
Inhaled β2-agonists may cause differential effects on lung function and athletic performance in female compared to male athletes. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of inhaled β2-agonists on lung function and cycling performance between female athletes with and without exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and with previously published data ...
Montesi Luca L Luca Montesi, Chiara Caselli, Elena Centis, Chiara Nuccitelli, Simona Moscatiello, Alessandro Suppini, Giulio Marchesini, Unit of Metabolic Diseases and Clinical Dietetics, "Alma Mater Studiorum" University, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, I-40138 Bologna, - - 2014
To determine the clinical effectiveness of intense psychological support to physical activity (PA) in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), compared with cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT). Twenty-two NAFLD cases received support to exercise, tailored to their motivational needs (PA group). The effects on body weight, physical fitness [6-min walk test, VO2max and ...
Zwerink Marlies M Medisch Spectrum Twente, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is still unknown how best to maintain effects of exercise programmes in COPD in the long-term. We present the long-term effects of a community-based exercise programme incorporated in a self-management programme, compared to a self-management programme only in patients with COPD. All included patients participated in four self-management sessions. ...
Fontana Federico Y FY Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that the respiratory compensation point can be accurately determined in healthy participants during incremental cycling exercise using non-invasive near-infrared spectroscopy-derived measures of deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxyHb). Validation study. 118 healthy men (average age 47±19 yrs, range 20-79 yrs) performed an incremental cycling test to exhaustion. Breath-by-breath pulmonary ...
Singh Amaya M AM Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, - - 2014
There is evidence that a single session of aerobic exercise can modulate intracortical inhibition. While decreases in inhibition appear to be a necessary precursor to the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity, it is not known whether aerobic exercise can enhance the response to LTP induction. We investigated whether the ...
Nielsen G G Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore how and why participants in structured exercise intervention programs continue or stop exercising after the program is finished. We conducted four focus group interviews with four groups of middle-aged and elderly men (total n = 28) who had participated in exercise interventions involving playing ...
Schutz Yves Y Department of Integrative Physiology, Medical School, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, - - 2014
Objective: While there is a dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and health benefit, little is known about the effectiveness of different PA prescriptions on total daily PA. Aim: To test, under real-life conditions and using an objective, non-invasive measurement technique (accelerometry), the effect of prescribing additional physical activity (walking ...
Flaherty Mary M 1 School of Psychology and Social Science, Edith Cowan - - 2014
Summary.-The aim of this study was to examine the influence of yoga practice on body image satisfaction in men. Male Figure Drawings were used to explore body image satisfaction in yoga beginners (n = 26, M age = 40.3 yr., SD = 11.6), experienced yoga practitioners (n = 22, M ...
Ribeiro Alex S AS 1 Study and Research Group in Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Londrina State University, - - 2014
Summary.-Warm-up has been shown to mediate numerous acute physiological alterations that have been purported to confer beneficial effects on performance. This study investigated the acute effects of different warm-up procedures on resistance training performance. Employing a randomized, counterbalanced crossover design, 15 men performed 3 exercises (4 sets of bench press, ...
Pianosi Paolo T PT Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by chronic fatigue and dizziness and affected individuals by definition have orthostatic intolerance and tachycardia. There is considerable overlap of symptoms in patients with POTS and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), prompting speculation that POTS is akin to a deconditioned state. We previously showed ...
Lim Hee Sung HS Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to provide useful information for fall prevention for the elderly by investigating how safely the elderly cross an obstacle after 8 weeks water exercise, and how much of the training effect remained 8 weeks after finishing the exercise. [Subjects] Eleven elderly participants participated in this study. ...
Lee Sung Soo SS Department of Physical Education, College of Sports Science, Dong-A University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks regular aerobic exercise on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory factors in juvenile obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Obesity and T2DM, typically common among adults, have recently become more prevalent in the Korean juvenile ...
Lim Hee Sung HS Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the fall-prevention effect of 12 weeks of aquatic training for the elderly using variables representative of the relationship between the trailing foot and an obstacle. [Subjects] Ten healthy elderly participants, who lived in C city, (age: 77.15±5.21 yrs, height: 149.87±3.54 cm, body ...
Koo Ga Hee GH Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, College of Sports Science, Dong-A University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study was conducted to understand the impacts of BCAA (branched-chain amino acid) and glutamine supplementation on the degree of blood fatigue factor stimulation and cytokines along with performance of exercise at the maximal intensity. [Subjects] Five male juvenile elite rowing athletes participated in this study as the subjects; ...
Yamamoto Junshiro J Division of Health Science, Graduate School of Health Science, Kio University, - - 2014
[Purpose] VO2 is expressed as the product of cardiac output and O2 extraction by the Fick equation. During the incremental exercise test and constant high-intensity exercise test, VO2 results in the attainment of maximal O2 uptake at exhaustion. However, the differences in the physiological components, cardiac output and muscle O2 ...
Baek Il-Hun IH Department of Physical Therapy, Dong-Eui Institute of Technology, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of horse riding simulation training on changes in balance ability and abdominal muscle thicknesses of stroke patients. [Subjects] Thirty stroke patients with hemiplegia were recruited, and they were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group. [Methods] The experimental ...
Munsters Carolien C B M CC Department of Equine Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 114, Utrecht NL 3584 CM, The Netherlands; Moxie Sport Analysis and Coaching, Raam 107, Uden 5403 TH, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Regular exercise testing in Warmblood sport horses may, as in racing, potentially help to characterise fitness indices in different disciplines and at various competition levels and assist in understanding when a horse is 'fit to compete'. In this review an overview is given of the current state of the art ...
Myrstad Marius M Department of Internal Medicine, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Emerging evidence suggests that endurance exercise increases the risk for atrial fibrillation (AF) in men, but few studies have investigated the dose-response relation between exercise and risk for atrial arrhythmias. Both exposure to exercise and reference points vary among studies, and previous studies have not differentiated between AF and atrial ...
Kaushal Navin N Behavioural Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Education, University of Victoria, PO Box 3015 STN CSC, Victoria BC, V8W 3P1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reviews of neighbourhood (macro) environment characteristics such as the presence of sidewalks and aesthetics have shown significant correlations with resident physical activity (PA) and sedentary (SD) behaviour. Currently, no comprehensive review has appraised and collected available evidence on the home (micro) physical environment. The purpose of this review was to ...
Myslicki Jason P JP a Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to highlight the role of O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) protein modification in metabolic disease states and to summarize current knowledge of how exercise affects this important post-translational signalling pathway. O-GlcNAc modification is an intracellular tool capable of integrating energy supply with demand. The accumulation of ...
Scribbans Trisha D TD a School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, - - 2014
The present study examined the effect of concurrent exercise training and daily resveratrol (RSV) supplementation (150 mg) on training-induced adaptations following low-dose high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Sixteen recreationally active (∼22 years, ∼51 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) men were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to either the RSV or placebo group with both ...
Figueira Franciele R FR Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Diabetes is associated with marked cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the association between different types of exercise training and blood pressure (BP) changes is not fully clear in type 2 diabetes. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) was to determine the effects ...
Yurtman Aras A Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Bilkent, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
We develop an autonomous system to detect and evaluate physical therapy exercises using wearable motion sensors. We propose the multi-template multi-match dynamic time warping (MTMM-DTW) algorithm as a natural extension of DTW to detect multiple occurrences of more than one exercise type in the recording of a physical therapy session. ...
Patel Chetan B CB Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
There are limited data integrating findings on right-sided cardiac catheterization and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in ambulatory patients with heart failure. In this study, 187 outpatients with HF referred to the Duke Medical Center for consideration of advanced HF therapies were retrospectively evaluated. All patients had undergone right-sided cardiac catheterization and ...
Carraro Attilio A 1 Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padua, - - 2014
Summary.-This study investigated enjoyment and naturalness of movement perceived during short bouts of exercise with three aerobic machines: treadmill, elliptical crosstrainer, and Vario. The participants were 72 experienced and 60 inexperienced users. Immediately after the exercise with each machine, they filled in a 12-item form of the Physical Activity Enjoyment ...
Pokora I I Department of Physiology, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, - - 2014
The study was aimed at comparing the effects of concentric (CONC) and eccentric (ECC) exercises of equivalent (in terms of relative work load expressed as a percentage of VO2max) moderate intensity on selected blood cytokine levels and blood creatine kinase (CK) activity. Twenty recreationally active healthy young male volunteers were ...
Morawin B B University School of Physical Education in Poznan, - - 2014
The generation of reactive nitrogen/oxygen species (RN/OS) represents an important mechanism in erythropoietin (EPO) expression and skeletal muscle adaptation to physical and metabolic stress. RN/OS generation can be modulated by intense exercise and nutrition supplements such as α-lipoic acid, which demonstrates both anti- and pro-oxidative action. The study was designed ...
Yavuz H U HU Department of Sports Medicine, Near East University Medical School, Nicosia, North - - 2014
Dietary supplements containing arginine are among the most popular ergogenics intended to enhance strength, power and muscle recovery associated with both anaerobic and aerobic exercise. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible effect of pre-exercise acute intake of arginine on performance and exercise metabolism during incremental ...
Marina M M INEFC Barcelona, Av de l'Estadi sn. 08038, Barcelona, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the physiological indices of competitive routines in women's artistic gymnastics by characterizing post-exercise heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake (VO2) and peak blood lactate concentration (Lmax) in a group of eight young elite-oriented female gymnasts. HR was continuously monitored with Polar RS400 monitors ...
Gallegos-Carrillo Katia - - 2014
Although the benefits of physical activity (PA) on to prevent and manage non-communicable diseases are well known, strategies to help increase the levels of PA among different populations are limited. Exercise-referral schemes have emerged as one effective approach to promote PA; however, there is uncertainty about the feasibility and effectiveness ...
Volterman Kimberly A KA Child Health and Exercise Medicine Program, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, - - 2014
Low-fat milk is thought to be an effective postexercise rehydration beverage in adults; however, little is known about milk's rehydration ability in children after exercising in the heat. This study tested the hypothesis that because of its electrolyte and protein content, skim milk (SM) would be more effective than both ...
Mazić Sanja - - 2014
Body composition represents an unbreakable unity of the human body basic structure elements and involves a relative representation of the various constituent elements of the human total body weight. It is well known that body composition changes under the influence of continuous physical activity, and, therefore, it is one of ...
Kannan Umamaheswari U Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, ESIC Medical College & PGIMSR , K.K. Nagar, Chennai, India - - 2014
Exercise is a lifestyle change that has been recommended for lowering atherogenic index in adults. The intensity and duration of exercise to bring about a change in the lipid parameters are yet to be determined. Previous studies examining the effects of exercise intensity on lipid and lipoprotein levels have reported ...
Vassalle Cristina C CNR Clinical Physiology Institute, Pisa, - - 2014
We assessed the inter-relationship that exists between variations of different biochemical and hematological parameters following strenuous endurance exercise in Ironmen by using multiple factor analysis (MFA). MFA was used to estimate the associations among groups of parameters in order to identify concurrent changes in many different biochemical variables. In total, ...
Mazani Mohammad - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of pomegranate juice supplementation on matrix metalloproteinases2 and 9 serum levels and improving antioxidant function in young healthy males during exhaustive exercise. The study was conducted at Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2010-11 and comprised 28 healthy subjects in 18-24 age bracket. They were ...
Bruzas Vidas V 1 Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, - - 2014
Summary.-The goal was to assess the aerobic capacity of boxers and its relation with sport mastery. Participants were 12 boxers from the Lithuanian national team (VO2max - 58.03 ± 3.00 ml/kg/min) of different weight classes. Their sport mastery ranking was established according to their achieved results during the last years ...
Connell Louise A LA Clinical Practice Research Unit, School of Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, PR1 2HE. Electronic address: - - 2014
To use three measures of intensity (i) time, (ii) observed repetitions and (iii) wrist accelerometer activity counts to describe the intensity of exercise carried out when completing a structured upper limb exercise programme. To explore if a relationship exists between wrist accelerometer activity counts and observed repetitions. Observational study design. ...
Park Se-Yeon SY Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the wall slide device on activation of the scapulothoracic musculature. [Subjects] We recruited 15 healthy male subjects. [Methods] The subjects performed the general wall push-up plus (WPUP) and the wall slide with device (WSD) exercises. During the exercises, ...
Güçlü Mehmet - - 2014
This study aims to compare the women engaged in doing regular exercise and those having done exercise previously and now not doing it or never done it before in terms of such blood values as leptin, cholesterol, insulin, glucose, triglyceride levels and body fat percentage (BFP) and to investigate the ...
Vucetić Vlatko - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare two methods for determination of anaerobic threshold from two different treadmill protocols. Forty-eight Croatian runners of national rank (ten sprinters, fifteen 400-m runners, ten middle distance runners and thirteen long distance runners), mean age 21.7 +/- 5.1 years, participated in the study. ...
O'Dwyer Tom T School of Medicine, Discipline of Physiotherapy, Trinity College, Dublin, Department of Rheumatology, St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland and School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University, Twickenham, UK. - - 2014
This study examines the awareness and self-report knowledge of physical activity (PA) guidelines among adults with rheumatic conditions and evaluates rates of adherence to PA recommendations. Secondary aims include (i) investigating perceived benefits and barriers to exercise and (ii) exploring correlates associated with PA. This cross-sectional study involved adults attending ...
Umeda M M Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, United - - 2014
Evidence suggests the role of physical activity (PA) in management of clinical symptoms of fibromyalgia. However, very little is known regarding the psychological correlates of PA in patients with fibromyalgia. Therefore, this study examined the association between exercise enjoyment (EE) and PA in women with fibromyalgia. 19 women with fibromyalgia ...
O'Loughlin Erin K EK Centre de recherche du centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
It is not known if or how exercise behavior regulations (EBRs) relate to exergaming in adolescents. The study objectives were: (i) to determine if EBRs differ between adolescents who do and do not exergame; and (ii) among exergamers, to describe the associations between EBRs and exergame duration, intensity, and achieving ...
Rogen Sandra S Institute of Biophysics, Medical University of Graz , - - 2014
Beside the genetic disposition, physical activity (PA) is one of the major health factors and can play a large role in the prevention and therapy of many diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity-related diseases etc.). In contrast to the genetic disposition, PA can be deliberately influenced by lifestyle. Therefore, it is ...
Brito Vieira Wh W Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN, Natal, RN, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to analyse the lactate threshold (LT) changes in rats submitted to an aerobic treadmill-training programme. Twenty-five Wistar rats were divided into two groups: a sedentary control group (CG), and a trained group (TG) submitted to an aerobic training during 5 weeks. All the ...
Argani Narges N Department of Physical Educational and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, - - 2014
Postprandial lipid clearance failure and lipoprotein disorders, which are independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases are well-recognized in type II diabetes. Reduction of fats through exercise has been proved, though the mechanism is not well-defined, and the effects of different intensity exercise on postprandial lipidemia in diabetes type II is ...
Akseki Temür Hilal H Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University; Edirne-Turkey. - - 2014
Amino-terminal propeptide of C-type natriuretic peptide (NTproCNP) is a synthesis product of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP). In this study, plasma levels of NTproCNP were compared before and after exercise in healthy young subjects who are physically active (PA) or not physically active (NPA). The study was carried on PA group ...
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