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Rubio-Sastre Patricia P Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia , Murcia , Spain - - 2014
The adequate time to perform physical activity (PA) to maintain optimal circadian system health has not been defined. We studied the influence of morning and evening PA on circadian rhythmicity in 16 women with wrist temperature (WT). Participants performed controlled PA (45 min continuous-running) during 7 days in the morning (MPA) ...
Redmond Jan E - - 2013
An understanding of the demands of physical activity (PA) during US Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) is necessary to support Soldier readiness and resilience. The purpose of this study was to determine the agreement among 3 different PA measurement instruments in the BCT environment. Twenty-four recruits from each of 11 ...
Savi Daniela - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to determine whether different methods of recording physical activity (PA), i.e., accelerometers vs questionnaires, provided similar information in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). 20 CF (age 33 ± 8SD yrs, FEV1 68 ± 16% predicted) and 11 age-matched healthy controls completed the Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES) questionnaire ...
Stewart Arthur D - - 2013
Abstract Over 12 weeks, supervised physical activity (PA) interventions have demonstrated improvements in morphological and health parameters, whereas community walking programmes have not. The present study piloted a self-guided programme for promoting PA and reducing sedentary behaviour in overweight individuals and measured its effect on a range of health outcomes. ...
Chase Jo-Ana D - - 2013
Motivational physical activity (PA) interventions are effective in increasing PA behavior among healthy adults; however, the impact of these interventions on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has not yet been examined. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to quantitatively synthesize CRF outcomes of motivational PA interventions among healthy adults. Comprehensive searching identified ...
da Silva Vinicius Z M - - 2013
A hallmark characteristic of heart failure (HF) is reduced physical activity (PA) patterns. The relationship between key cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) variables and PA patterns has not been investigated. Therefore, we evaluated PA patterns in patients with ischemic HF and its relationship to peak oxygen consumption (VO2), the minute ventilation/carbon ...
Higgins Torrance J - - 2013
Objective: Researchers have yet to establish how interventions to increase physical activity influence specific self-efficacy beliefs. The current study sought to quantify the effect of interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults on exercise task (EXSE) and barrier self-efficacy (BSE) via meta-analysis. Intervention characteristics associated with self-efficacy and physical ...
Al-Hazzaa Hazzaa M - - 2013
Background: Few studies have reported comprehensive and valid physical activity (PA) data for Saudi youth. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patterns and determinants of PA among Saudi adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi secondary schools (15-19 years) during 2009/2010 and used multistage stratified ...
Joseph Rodney P - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance quality of life (QOL) in older adults. Findings from these studies indicate that the relationship between PA and QOL is indirect and likely mediated by variables such as physical self-esteem, exercise self-efficacy, and affect. As PA varies greatly by age, the purpose ...
Freene Nicole N Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health - - 2014
Abstract Background/Purpose: Barriers and enablers of physical activity have been investigated, but it remains unclear what middle-aged adults' physical activity preferences are. Two physical activity interventions were compared to determine barriers, enablers and preferences for physical activity format in sedentary, community-dwelling 50- to 65-year-olds. Methods: Using mixed methods, 37 Physical ...
Vanderloo Leigh M - - 2013
Preschoolers' (n = 31) physical activity (PA) levels during indoor and outdoor childcare hours were explored using accelerometers. Participants engaged in 0.54 min/h (SD = 0.59) of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and 14.42 min/h (SD = 6.78) of total PA (TPA) indoors compared with 5.03 min/h (SD = 4.92) of MVPA ...
Rose India D - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) may reduce risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objectives of this study were to: (a) Compare the content of English and Spanish PA-focused articles in American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) magazines; and (b) Determine whether these articles discuss PA as a potential correlate of AD. ...
Nguyen D Minh Tuan - - 2013
Background: Increases in physical activity (PA) are promoted by walking in an outdoor environment. Along with walking speed, slope is a major determinant of exercise intensity, and energy expenditure. The hypothesis was that in free-living conditions, a hilly environment diminishes PA to a greater extent in obese (OB) when compared ...
Jones Paul R - - 2013
Physicians are increasingly being called upon to promote physical activity (PA) among patients. However, a paucity of exercise medicine teaching in the UK undergraduate medical curricula prevents students from acquiring the necessary knowledge and skills to do so. To address this issue, King's College London School of Medicine introduced an ...
Salis Andrea S - - 2013
College students (N = 90) were randomly assigned to participate in vigorous, moderate or no physical exercise and vocabulary recall and comprehension learning activities under varying conditions to assess whether or not increased intensities of exercise, performed either before a vocabulary recall and comprehension learning activity (i.e., proactive effect) or ...
Siceloff E Rebekah - - 2013
Objective: African Americans have the highest rates of obesity in the United States. Engaging in recommended levels of physical activity (PA) reduces risk for obesity. Social and environmental supports for PA may be important to increase PA. This study hypothesized that PA would mediate the effects of neighborhood and social ...
Makino Izumi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Apparent organic abnormalities are sometimes not identified among patients suffering from chronic pain in the craniocervical region. In some cases, parafunctional activities (PAs) are recognized. PAs are nonfunctional oromandibular activities that include jaw clenching and bruxism, but are considered as factors that contribute to craniomandibular disorders (CMDs). It is ...
Cimenti Christina - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: A paradox seems to exist: exercising leads to clotting activation in conventional clotting tests, but exercising persons have a low risk of thrombosis. In this study we tried to evaluate the effect of exercise performance status on in vitro plasma thrombin generation, which represents an overall function test of ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2013
Obesity is associated with increased prevalence of thromboembolic events. We aimed to investigate whether obese women might benefit from vigorous aerobic exercise. Forty-two overweight and obese women performed a 30 min walking exercise test (treadmill ergometer) at an intensity of 70 % of individual peak VO2. Blood samples were collected ...
Van Remoortel Hans H Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, , Leuven, - - 2013
Information about daily physical activity levels (PAL) in subjects with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is scarce. This study aims to assess PA and to investigate the associations between PA and clinical characteristics in subjects with newly diagnosed COPD. Fifty-nine subjects with a new spirometry-based diagnosis of mild (n=38) ...
Siahkouhian M M Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate diurnal variations in the haemostatic response to submaximal exercise performed by young, sedentary men. Fifteen healthy young sedentary males aged 25.6 ± 1.34 (mean ± SD) years performed two exercise sessions, morning and evening, at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption ([Formula: see ...
Tanaka Hidenori H a Department of Anesthesiology & Resuscitology , Shinshu University School of Medicine , Matsumoto , - - 2013
Abstract Appropriate daily exercise is recommended to remain healthy for adults including medical professionals. In this study, we quantified daily physical activity of anesthesiologists in the operating room using a newly developed triaxial accelerometer, Jukudai Mate™. During daily work, mean ± SD energy expenditure of staff was 576 ± 181 ...
Kupchak Brian R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A sedentary lifestyle is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and thrombotic complications. While habitual endurance activity will reduce the risk of these adverse events, the influence of habitual resistance exercise is less clear. This study examined coagulation and fibrinolytic responses to an acute exhaustive resistance exercise test (AERET) ...
Willcox Emma L - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Within subject, repeated measures design. OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of pelvic position and hip angle on activation of the hip abductors while performing the clam exercise. BACKGROUND: Therapeutic exercises are regularly employed to strengthen the hip abductors to improve lower limb and pelvic stability. Previous studies primarily ...
Sand Kristin L KL Kristin L Sand, Torun Flatebo, Marian Berge Andersen, Azzam A Maghazachi, Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, N-0317 Oslo, - - 2013
To investigate the effects of exercise on healthy individuals of both genders. This study lasted 6 years and involved about 800 healthy people. Individuals were divided into females and males and further sub-divided into two groups; in the first group individuals run (or skied in the winter time) and then ...
Irvine A Blair - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) for older adults has well-documented physical and cognitive benefits, but most seniors do not meet recommended guidelines for PA, and interventions are lacking. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 12-week Internet intervention to help sedentary older adults over 55 years of age adopt and maintain an ...
Holtz Kaila A - - 2013
To describe the physical activity (PA) levels and counseling attitudes of Canadian undergraduate medical students. Online or paper survey. The University of British Columbia (UBC). Fourth-year medical students at UBC from 2007 to 2010. Physical activity levels, relationship between exercise behaviour and attitudes toward counseling, and student perception of training ...
Miyashita Masashi - - 2013
Over the last two decades, significant research attention has been given to the acute effect of a single bout of exercise on postprandial lipaemia. A large body of evidence supports the notion that an acute bout of aerobic exercise can reduce postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) concentrations. However, this effect is short-lived ...
Phillips Lorraine J - - 2013
This qualitative study investigated individual and situational factors influencing physical activity (PA) practices of elders in residential-care/assisted-living (RC/AL) communities. This article describes the results of focus-group interviews involving 47 residents across 6 RC/AL settings. Thematic analysis revealed 6 themes: staying active, past PA experiences, value of PA, barriers to PA, ...
Sanchis-Gomar Fabian - - 2013
Although physical exercise acutely increases the most widely used inflammatory biomarkers, there is no information on its effect on soluble urokinase plasminogen activating receptor (suPAR), a circulating biomarker increasingly used for the assessment of systemic inflammation. suPAR was assessed with the quantitative suPARnostic Standard ELISA Assay (Virogates, Birkerød, Denmark) in ...
Tsujii Takeo - - 2013
We examined the acute effect of physical exercise on prefrontal cortex activity in older adults using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Fourteen older adults visited our laboratory twice: once for exercise and once for the control condition. On each visit, subjects performed working memory tasks before and after moderate intensity exercise ...
von Haaren Birte - - 2013
Acute and regular exercise as well as physical activity (PA) is related to well-being and positive affect. Recent studies have shown that even daily, unstructured physical activities increase positive affect. However, the attempt to achieve adherence to PA or exercise in inactive people through public health interventions has often been ...
Czaprowski Dariusz - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in hamstring flexibility in 120 asymptomatic children who participated in a 6-week program consisting of one physiotherapy session per week and daily home exercises. The recruitment criteria included age (10-13 years), no pain, injury or musculoskeletal disorder throughout the previous year, ...
Larson Janet L - - 2013
People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are very sedentary and this contributes to their health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of interventions designed to increase physical activity (PA) in people with COPD. Studies were included when PA was the primary outcome and ...
Smith J Carson JC Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. - - 2013
Leisure-time physical activity (PA) and exercise training are known to help maintain cognitive function in healthy older adults. However, relatively little is known about the effects of PA on cognitive function or brain function in those at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease through the presence of the apolipoproteinE epsilon4 (APOE-ε4) ...
Rejeski W Jack WJ Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2013
The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study is a Phase III randomized controlled clinical trial (Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01072500) that will provide definitive evidence regarding the effect of physical activity (PA) on major mobility disability in older adults (70-89 years old) who have compromised physical function. This paper describes ...
Morckel Victoria - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study examines the relationships between physical activity, travel attitudes, commute mode choice, and perceived neighborhood characteristics. A recent study found that people who walk or bike during their commute exercise more outside of the commute than do people who commute by mass transit or car. The present study ...
Taylor Natalie Jayne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Precise measurement of physical activity (PA) is required to identify current levels and changes in PA within a population, and to gauge effectiveness of interventions. METHODS: The Online Self-reported Walking and Exercise Questionnaire (OSWEQ) was developed for monitoring PA via the Web. Forty-nine participants (mean±SD; age = 27±11.9yrs) completed ...
Avery Leah L Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. - - 2012
Behavioral interventions targeting "free-living" physical activity (PA) and exercise that produce long-term glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes are warranted. However, little is known about how clinical teams should support adults with type 2 diabetes to achieve and sustain a physically active lifestyle. We conducted a systematic review ...
Caviness Celeste M CM General Medicine Research Unit, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, - - 2013
Methadone-maintained persons are at increased risk for many physical and mental health disorders compared to the general population. Increased physical activity could offset these risks. We assessed physical activity level, and perceived benefits and barriers to exercise in a group of 305 methadone-maintained smokers. Mean participant age was 39.9 years, ...
Naseer Maliha - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To identify sex based differences in the perception of benefits and barriers towards exercise and to determine the sex and age based differences in the level of physical activity (PA) among adult residents of Karachi. METHODS: 300 adult individuals were included in cross sectional survey conducted during July-October 2010. ...
Takken T - - 2012
All children have a natural need to move, play, and perform activities. Physical activity is necessary for optimal physical, emotional, and psychosocial development for healthy children as well as children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In this paper we provide recommendations for physical activity, recreational sport, and exercise training in ...
Chen Jie - - 2012
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), accounting for 15-20% of strokes, can cause significant brain injury and life long neurological deficits. We investigated whether treadmill exercise rehabilitation could improve brain repair after ICH and whether involvement of NFG-TrkA and BDNF-TrkB signaling could be observed during repair period in an experimental mouse ICH model ...
Ceaser Tyrone G - - 2012
PURPOSE: Regular physical activity (PA) can be used to improve cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Previous research has shown differences in CRF (VO2max) among racial groups, but it is unclear how much of these differences can be explained by PA. Thus we sought to examine the association between PA and CRF in ...
Unick Jessica L - - 2012
It is unclear how exercise influences affect in overweight and obese individuals. To examine the effect of a single exercise session on positive and negative affect and examine whether pre- to post-exercise changes in affect influence subsequent energy intake (EI). Nineteen sedentary, overweight/obese women walked for ~40 minutes at a ...
Madarame Haruhiko - - 2013
Low-intensity resistance exercise can effectively induce muscle hypertrophy and increases in strength when combined with moderate blood flow restriction (BFR). As this type of exercise does not require lifting heavy weights, it might be a feasible method of cardiac rehabilitation, in which resistance exercise has been recommended to be included. ...
Galera Raúl - - 2012
We compare the adequacy of several titration procedures of oxygen flow in maintaining SpO(2) > 90% during the activities of daily life in patients with very severe COPD. Thirty-one very severe COPD patients undergoing oxygen-therapy were recruited. Three titration methods were randomly performed: (1) 6-min walking tests; (2) cycle-ergometer constant work-rate tests ...
Morris Dave - - 2012
Study of lactate metabolism has revealed that orally consumed lactate is used as an energy substrate either directly by oxidation or by conversion to glucose. Disposal of lactate by oxidation or gluconeogenesis consumes protons and can fortify blood bicarbonate levels temporarily and increase pH. These characteristics have led to investigations ...
Karjalainen Jaana J - - 2012
Promotion of and adherence to increased physical activity (PA) is an important part of the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). We hypothesized that individually tailored home-based exercise prescriptions will increase long-term PA and maximal exercise capacity among CAD patients without and with type 2 diabetes (CAD+T2D). Physical ...
Stapleton Jill M - - 2012
We examined heat balance using an American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists threshold limit value allocated exercise protocol in hot-dry (HD; 46 °C, 10% relative humidity (RH)) and warm-wet (WW; 33 °C, 60% RH) environments of equivalent WBGT (29 °C) for different clothing ensembles. Whole-body heat exchange and changes in body heat content ...
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