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Zadow E K EK School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, - - 2014
This study examined physiological and perceptual responses to matched work high-intensity interval training using all-out and 2 even-paced methodologies. 15 trained male cyclists performed 3 interval sessions of three 3-min efforts with 3 min of active recovery between efforts. The initial interval session was completed using all-out pacing, with the ...
Müller-Mottet Séverine S Clinic of Pulmonology, University Hospital of Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Arterial and thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (PH) lead to arterial hypoxaemia. To investigate whether cerebral tissue oxygenation (CTO) in patients with PH is reduced and whether this is associated with reduced exercise tolerance. 16 patients with PH (mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25 mmHg, 14 arterial, 2 chronic thromboembolic) and 15 controls underwent ...
Simmelink Elisabeth K EK aDepartment of Rehabilitation Medicine, Center for Rehabilitation bCenter for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands cSchool of Biological Sciences, Centre of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Essex, Colchester, - - 2014
The combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer is assumed to be a relevant testing and training instrument in the rehabilitation of patients with a lower limb amputation. The efficiency and submaximal strain have not been established and thus cannot be compared with alternative common modes of exercise. A total of 22 healthy ...
Kim Sang Hyun SH Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Section of Applied Physiology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 4566 Scott Avenue, Campus Box 8113, St. Louis, MO, 63110, - - 2014
Endurance exercise training can increase the ability to perform prolonged strenuous exercise. The major adaptation responsible for this increase in endurance is an increase in muscle mitochondria. This adaptation occurs too slowly to provide a survival advantage when there is a sudden change in environment that necessitates prolonged exercise. In ...
Seeger Joost P H JP Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen - - 2014
Background: Endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR-injury) importantly contributes to the poor prognosis during ischemic (myocardial) events. Preconditioning, i.e. repeated exposure to short periods of ischemia, effectively reduces endothelial IR-injury. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that exercise has preconditioning effects on endothelial IR-injury. Therefore, we studied whether an acute bout ...
Schuch F B FB Post-graduate Program in Medical Sciences: Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Department of Psychiatry, Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise is a potential treatment for depression. However, few studies have evaluated the role of adjunct exercise in the treatment of severely major depressed inpatients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of add-on exercise on the usual treatment of severely depressed inpatients. Fifty participants were randomized ...
Fu Qi Q Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with the Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) have orthostatic intolerance, as well as exercise intolerance. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is generally lower in these patients compared with healthy sedentary individuals, suggesting a lower physical fitness level. During acute exercise, POTS patients have an excessive increase in heart rate and ...
Stephens Natalie A NA Translational Research Institute for Metabolism and Diabetes (N.A.S., L.M.S.), Florida Hospital, Orlando, Florida 32804; and Diabetes and Obesity Research Center (L.M.S.), Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, Orlando, Florida - - 2014
Context: Exercise benefits most, but not all, individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The beneficial effects are well studied, but why some individuals do not respond favorably to exercise training is largely unexplored. It is critical to treatment and prevention strategies to identify individuals with T2D that have a blunted ...
Santos-Concejero Jordan J University of the Basque Country. UPV/EHU - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to analyze the cerebral oxygenation response to maximal self-paced and incremental exercise in elite Kenyan runners from the Kalenjin tribe. On two separate occasions, 15 elite Kenyan distance runners completed a 5-km time trial (TT) and a peak treadmill speed test (PTS). Changes in ...
Casey Darren P DP University of Iowa - - 2014
We have previously demonstrated that aging reduces the compensatory vasodilator response during hypoxic exercise due to blunted nitric oxide (NO) signaling. Recent evidence suggests that NO bioavailability can be augmented by dietary nitrate through the nitrate-nitrite pathway. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that acute dietary nitrate supplementation increases the compensatory ...
Huang Chun-Jui CJ From the *Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; †Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University; ‡Department of Neurology, Tri-Service General Hospital; §School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center; ∥Department of Medical Research, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; and ¶Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
Physical activity improves body composition and inflammatory markers in obese individuals, but little is known about the nonobese population. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between exercise and inflammatory cytokines in lean male adolescents in Taiwan. This interventional study enrolled a total of 79 normal body weight ...
Reant Patricia P Cardiologic Hospital CHU Bordeaux - CIC0005, Bordeaux University, Pessac, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both resting echocardiography and exercise echocardiography produce variables predictive of outcomes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The aim of the present study was to compare the respective value of resting and exercise echocardiographic parameters as indicators of clinical outcomes in patients with HCM. Resting and exercise echocardiography was performed ...
Penzer Félix F Laboratory of Applied Biology, ULB-Neurosciences Institute (UNI), Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), 808 route de Lennik, 1070 Brussels, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of two training programmes of 6weeks combining strength and balance exercises in different proportions. One training programme [n=10; 71.4 (6.3) years] consisted mainly of strength exercises (ST) and the other programme [n=8; 71.4 (6.4) years] included a majority of balance exercises (BT). Maximal strength of ...
Bongers Coen C W G CC Department of Physiology, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
The presence of impaired thermoregulatory and fluid balance responses to exercise in older individuals is well established. To improve our understanding on thermoregulation and fluid balance during exercise in older individuals, we compared thermoregulatory and fluid balance responses between sexagenarians and octogenarians during prolonged exercise. Forty sexagenarians (60 ± 1 year) and 36 ...
Uchiyama Masateru M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Surgery, Teikyo University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Exercise therapy has been associated with improvement in functional capacity and quality of life. The role of exercise therapy in heart transplant recipients is of great interest for the transplant society, although concerning the effect of exercise therapy there is little knowledge at present. We analyzed the effects of exercise ...
Sousa Ana A 1Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 2Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil 3Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy 4Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia 5Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, LABIOMEP, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
A bioenergetical analysis of different exercise modes near maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) intensity is scarce, hampering the prescription of training to enhance performance. We assessed the time sustained in swimming, rowing, running and cycling at an intensity eliciting VO2max and determined the specific oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics and total energy ...
Patterson Stephen D SD School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University, Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, United - - 2014
Ischemic preconditioning enhances exercise performance. We tested the hypothesis that ischemic preconditioning would improve intermittent exercise in the form of a repeated sprint test during cycling ergometry. In a single-blind, crossover study, fourteen recreationally-active males (mean ± SD; age 22.9 ± 3.7 years, height 1.80 ± 0.07 m, mass 77.3 ...
Andersen Grete G univecity of Copenhagen - - 2014
In healthy individuals post-exercise protein supplementation increases muscle protein anabolism. In patients with muscular dystrophies, aerobic exercise improves muscle function, but the effect of exercise on muscle protein balance is unknown. Therefore, we investigated 1) muscle protein balance before, during, and after exercise and 2) the effect of post-exercise protein-carbohydrate ...
Cortés-Télles Arturo A Respiratory Physiology Department, National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate detailed ventilatory, cardiovascular, and sensory responses to cycle exercise in sedentary patients with well controlled asthma and healthy controls. Methods: Subjects included sedentary patients meeting criteria for well controlled asthma (n=14), and healthy age- and activity-matched controls (n=14). Visit 1 ...
García-Hermoso Antonio A Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca, - - 2014
Patients with fibromyalgia present a reduced capacity of upper and lower limb physical performance and affect their independence in performing everyday activities. The purpose of the present systematic review was to summarize evidence for the effectiveness and structure of exercise programs on functional aerobic capacity in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. ...
Choi Jun Hwan JH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine (Drs Choi, Kim, Han, Kim, and Lee, and Mr Yoon) and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (Drs Joo and Kim), Jeju National University Hospital, University of Jeju School of Medicine, Jeju, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate cardiorespiratory responses during exercise stress tests using an aquatic treadmill and a land-based treadmill in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Twenty-one stable CAD patients were enrolled. All patients participated in 2 symptom-limited incremental exercise tests, using both an aquatic and a land treadmill. For the aquatic treadmill ...
Elliott-Sale K J KJ Sport, Health and Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Group, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, - - 2014
The prevalence of excessive gestation weight gain, extended postpartum weight retention and pregravid obese women is increasing and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. To review the evidence from studies employing exercise-only interventions for weight management among pregnant and postpartum women. Ten databases were searched for randomised controlled trials ...
Dale Marita T - - 2014
The study aimed to determine the short and long-term effects of exercise training on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared to usual care in people with dust-related pleural and interstitial respiratory diseases. No previous studies have specifically evaluated exercise training in this patient population. Participants with a ...
Pearl Rebecca L - - 2014
Objective: This research explores the effects of belief in a just world on exercise and psychological well-being among individuals who have experienced weight bias. Methods: In Study 1, 804 participants in an online study reported belief in a just world; exercise intentions, motivation, self-efficacy, and behavior; experiences with weight bias; ...
Tschentscher Marcus M University Institute of Sports Medicine, Prevention and Rehabilitation, Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg, - - 2014
High-intensity interval training has recently emerged as superior to continuous endurance training in cardiac rehabilitation upon other training regimes. Individually tailored continuous endurance training and pyramid training could induce comparable effects on peak work capacity as high intensity interval training. A prospective, randomized study. Effects of the following isocaloric cycle ...
Yamaguchi Yuji Y Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka, 816-8580, - - 2014
Visual stimulation increases the blood flow in the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), which supplies blood to the visual cortex by neurovascular coupling (NVC). Relative contributions of vasodilatation and pressor response on NVC during dynamic exercise are still unknown. We measured the blood flow velocity in the PCA (PCAv) by transcranial ...
Pandey Ambarish A Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
-Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is common and characterized by exercise intolerance and lack of proven effective therapies. Exercise training has been shown to be effective in improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in patients with systolic heart failure. In this meta-analysis, we aim to evaluate the effects of exercise ...
Droit-Volet S S Clermont Universités, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS UMR 6024, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two experiments examined the effect of mindfulness meditation and relaxation on time perception using a temporal bisection task. In Experiment 1, the participants performed a temporal task before and after exercises of mindfulness meditation or relaxation. In Experiment 2, the procedure was similar than that used in Experiment 1, except ...
Song Bianying B Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, 30625, Hannover, - - 2015
Decision support systems (DSSs) which are able to automatically supervise and control physical exercise training of patients affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are regarded as a novel method to promote rehabilitation. The objective of our research work for this paper was to evaluate the feasibility of a rule-based ...
O'Keefe James H JH Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO. Electronic address: - - 2014
The question is not whether exercise is or isn't one of the very best strategies for improving quality of life, cardiovascular (CV) health and longevity-it is. And there is no debate as to whether or not strenuous high-intensity endurance training produces an amazingly efficient, compliant, and powerful pump-it does. The ...
Sandbakk Oyvind O Center for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current study investigated the effects of 6weeks of heavy upper-body strength training on maximal strength and sprint abilities in eight world class ice sledge hockey players. Before and after the strength training intervention, all subjects performed a 30-m maximal sprint on ice (where time for each 10m section was ...
Wulf Gabriele G University of Nevada, Las Vegas, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study examined whether the learning of exercise routines would be enhanced by giving participants an incidental choice (i.e., exercise order). Two groups of participants were asked to perform three balance exercises. After watching a demonstration of each exercise, a choice group was allowed to choose the order of ...
Jørgensen Arve A Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Olavs University Hospital, Post Box 3250, 7006, Trondheim, Norway, - - 2014
Decompression sickness (DCS) caused by vascular bubble formation is a major risk when diving. Prior studies have shown that physical exercise has a significant impact in both reducing and increasing bubble formation. There is limited knowledge about the mechanisms, but there are indications that exercise-induced muscle injury prior to diving ...
Konhilas John P JP University of Arizona - - 2014
The heart adapts to exercise stimuli in a sex dimorphic manner when mice are fed the traditional soy-based chow. Females undergo more voluntary exercise (4 weeks) than males and exhibit more cardiac hypertrophy per kilometer run (18, 32). We have found that diet plays a critical role in cage wheel ...
Notarius Catherine F CF University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital Division of Cardiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
The reflex fibular muscle sympathetic nerve (MSNA) response to dynamic handgrip exercise is elicited at a lower threshold in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The present aim was to test the hypothesis that the contra-lateral MSNA response to mild to moderate dynamic one-legged exercise is augmented in HFrEF ...
Najafi Farid F Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, (Dr Najafi), and Imam Ali Hospital (Dr Nalini), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, - - 2014
The efficacy of alternative delivery models for a cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) in low- and middle-income countries is not well documented. This study compared the traditional hospital-based CRP with a hybrid CRP in western Iran. This observational study was conducted with postcoronary surgery patients in Imam-Ali Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran. ...
Williams Paul T PT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, - - 2014
Background: Whether lifestyle affects Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk remains controversial. Objective: Test whether exercise, diet, or statins affect AD mortality in 153,536 participants of the National Runners' and Walkers' Health Studies. Methods: Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were obtained from Cox proportional hazard analyses for AD ...
Hayes Lawrence D LD Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, UK, - - 2014
Due to its noninvasive, convenient, and practical nature, salivary testosterone (sal-T) and cortisol (sal-C) are frequently used in a clinical and applied setting. However, few studies report biological and analytical error and even fewer report the 'critical difference' which is the change required before a true biological difference can be ...
Wilhelm Eurico Nestor EN Exercise Research Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Centre for Sports Medicine and Human Performance, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Concurrent training is an effective method for increasing skeletal muscle performance in aging individuals, but controversy exists as to whether chronic neuromuscular and functional adaptations are affected by the intra-session exercise sequence. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of concurrent endurance and power-like strength training ...
Cooper Simon B SB Sport, Health & Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Group, Sport Science Department, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine the combined effects of breakfast glycaemic index (GI) and a mid-morning bout of exercise on adolescents' cognitive function. Participants were randomly allocated to a high or low GI breakfast group in a mixed research design, where each participant completed two experimental ...
Hottenrott Kuno K Department Sport Science, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany; Institute of Performance Diagnostics and Health Promotion, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although alternating run/walk-periods are often recommended to novice runners, it is unclear, if this particular pacing strategy reduces the cardiovascular stress during prolonged exercise. Therefore, the aim of the study was to compare the effects of two different running strategies on selected cardiac biomarkers as well as marathon performance. Randomized ...
Giles Grace E GE aDepartment of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford bCognitive Science Team, US Army NSRDEC, Natick, Massachusetts cDepartment of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2014
Both acute and chronic exercise is consistently associated with a number of benefits to physical and mental health, including cardiovascular function, body weight, mood, and cognition. Near-infrared spectroscopy is an ideal method to measure changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb and dHb) levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during ...
Gómez-Banoy N N . División de Lípidos y Diabetes, Departamento Ciencias Fisiológicas, Facultad deMedicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia - - - 2014
Regular physical activity improves the metabolic profile of patients, though the biological mechanisms involved are not yet clear. The anti--inflammatory effects of exercise are well known and are possibly related to its therapeutic properties. The aim of this study was to compare changes in the concentration of an anti--inflammatory cytokine ...
Monteiro de Barros C L CL Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, School of Physical Education, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the power output at the Maximal Lactate Steady State (MLSS) with the power output at the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) and at the Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation (OBLA) under both temperate (TEMP) (22ºC) and hot (HOT) (40ºC) environments. Eight young ...
Camic Clayton L CL Human Performance Laboratory, Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, - - 2014
The purposes of the present study were two fold: (1) to determine if the model used for estimating the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold (PWCFT) from electromyographic (EMG) amplitude data during incremental cycle ergometry could be applied to treadmill running to derive a new neuromuscular fatigue threshold for ...
Esposito Fabio F Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, - - 2014
Doubt still remains as to whether peripheral vascular and skeletal muscle dysfunction a ccompany the compromised cardiac function associated with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of HFrEF on the hemodynamic and metabolic responses to exercise with both a ...
Kallianos Anastasios A 2nd Pulmonary Clinic, Sotiria General Hospital, Athens School of Medicine, Athens, - - 2014
Lung resection is still the only potentially curative therapy for patients with localized non-small lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the presence of cardiovascular comorbidities and underlying lung disease increases the risk of postoperative complications. Various studies have evaluated the use of different preoperative tests in order to identify patients with an ...
Covington Jeffrey D JD Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA; Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, 433 Bolivar St, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by insulin resistance, elevated circulating leukocytes, and hypothesized to have higher adipose tissue inflammation. Aerobic exercise reduces circulating leukocytes and improves insulin sensitivity in obese individuals, but the effect of exercise on inflammation in PCOS is not known. We investigated circulating leukocytes, insulin sensitivity ...
Caruso F C FC Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Federal University of Sao Carlos, SaoCarlos, Brazil - - - 2014
Resistance exercise (RE) is an important part of cardiac rehabilitation. However, it is not know about the low intensity of RE training that could modify the heart rate variability (HRV), muscular strength and endurance in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). To investigate the effects of high repetition/low load resistance ...
Stone Vinícius - - 2014
Objectives Moderate exercise is known to have health benefits, while both sedentarism and strenuous exercise have pro-oxidant effects. In this study, we assessed the effect of moderate exercise on the antioxidant homeostasis of rats' hippocampi. Methods Female Wistar rats were submitted to a 30-minute swimming protocol on 5 days a ...
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