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Results 101 - 150 of 1661
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Roxburgh Brendon H BH Department of Sport and Exercise Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland , Auckland, New - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of either continuous moderate intensity exercise training (CMIET) alone vs. CMIET combined with a single weekly bout of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness. Twenty nine sedentary participants (36.3 ± 6.9 yrs) at moderate risk of cardiovascular disease ...
Maté-Muñoz José Luis JL Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Alfonso X el Sabio University , Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was compare the effects of a traditional and an instability resistance circuit training program on upper and lower limb strength, power, movement velocity and jumping ability. Thirty-six healthy untrained men were assigned to two experimental groups and a control group. Subjects in the experimental groups ...
Drygas Wojciech W Department of Social and Preventive Medicine Medical University of Lodz , Lodz, Poland ; Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Prevention and Health Promotion, National Institute of Cardiology , Warsaw, - - 2014
Data on physiological effects and potential risks of a ultraendurance swimming are scarce. This report presents the unique case of a 61-year old athlete who completed a non-stop open-water 120-km ultramarathon swim on the Warta River, Poland. Pre-swimming examinations revealed favorable conditions (blood pressure, 110/70 mmHg; rest heart rate, 54 ...
Morgado José P JP Physiology and Biochemistry of Exercise Laboratory, CIPER, Fac Motricidade Humana , Univ Lisboa, - - 2014
Studies examining the immune response to acute intensive swimming have shown increased leukocytosis and lymphocyte populations. However, studies concerning mucosal immunity and sex differences remain controversial. The objective of the study was to examine sex differences on the immune response to maximal incremental swimming exercise in well trained swimmers. Participants ...
Lovatel Gisele Agustini GA Curso de Fisioterapia, Rua Pedro João Pereira, 150 Mato Alto, EP 88900-000, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Araranguá, SC, Brasil; Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Rua Sarmento Leite, 500, CEP 90050-170, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Persistent effects of pre- and postischemic exercise on glial cells activation after global cerebral ischemia remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of both pre and postischemic treadmill exercise protocols (20min/day during 2 weeks) on glial cells immunostaining in the hippocampus of Wistar rats submitted to global ischemia. A ...
Ye X X Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, - - 2014
To investigate the influences of dynamic exercise on force steadiness and common drive to motor units. Seventeen men (age 24±4 years; height 181.7±5.7 cm; mass 89.6±14.9 kg) performed 6 sets of 10 repetitions of maximal isokinetic concentric (CON) or eccentric exercise (ECC) with their dominant elbow flexors on separate experimental ...
Moyen Nicole E NE Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, - - 2014
Moyen NE, Mündel T, Du Bois AM, Ciccone AB, Morton RH, Judelson DA. Increasing humidity affects thermoregulation during low-intensity exercise in women. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:905-11. Women increasingly occupy manual labor jobs. However, research examining women working under hot-humid conditions is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of our study ...
García-Gutiérrez M T MT Laboratory of Physiology, European University Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid, - - 2014
The first purpose of this study was to determine the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise during an isometric hand-grip exercise. The second purpose was to evaluate whether more than one vibratory focus would evoke an increase in the effects evoked by only one vibratory focus. The present study investigated ...
Roi G S GS Educational and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna, - - 2014
Most of the difficulties when trying to realize the proposal to prescribe physical activity for transplantation patients come from patient attitudes and cultural beliefs that ignore the benefits of exercise, but there also are organizational aspects arising from the difficulties that these patients face in accessing supervised exercise facilities. To ...
Ezema C I - - 2014
Objective: Despite the significant positive effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on physical and psychosocial well-being of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) (PLWHA); decreased physical activity and its associated cardiovascular risk still pose some consequences for health and general well-being. This study investigated the effect ...
West C R CR International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries (ICORD), Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
We aimed to determine the relationship between level of injury, completeness of injury, resting as well as exercise hemodynamics, and endurance performance in athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI). Twenty-three elite male paracycling athletes (C3-T8) were assessed for neurological level/completeness of injury, autonomic completeness of injury, resting cardiovascular function, and ...
Crawford Jennifer J JJ Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E-488 Van Vliet Center, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G - - 2014
Exercise improves numerous psychosocial outcomes in cancer survivors; however, few studies have examined posttraumatic growth. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between exercise and posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors (GCS). Using the Alberta Cancer Registry, a random sample of endometrial, ovarian, and cervical cancer ...
de Sousa Maysa Vieira MV Laboratory of Medical Investigation 18 - LIM-18, Endocrinology Division, Medical School, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation on markers of bone turnover in elite runners. Twenty-four male runners were randomly assigned to two groups - a CHO and a control (CON) group - using a double-blind design. The participants were submitted to an overload training program (days 1-8), followed ...
Ussher Michael H MH Population Health Research Institute, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK, SW17 - - 2014
Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage weight gain. To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone, or combined with a smoking cessation programme, are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction ...
Andrade Lívia Barboza de LB Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, 50070-550 Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few studies have been conducted on the effects of aerobic exercise in children with asthma, particularly on the inflammatory component and functional outcomes. This study evaluated the effect of aerobic exercise on inflammation, functional capacity, respiratory muscle strength, quality of life and symptoms scores in asthmatic children. This was a ...
Stoutenberg Mark M Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street, Clinical Research Building, Suite 1008, Miami, FL, USA 33136. Electronic address: - - 2014
Alcohol use disorders (AUD) are a major public health concern due to their association with several acute and chronic health conditions. Exercise training offers a myriad of physical and mental health benefits, and may be a promising adjunct intervention for those in AUD treatment. The purpose of this study was ...
Guiraud Thibaut T From the Clinic of Saint-Orens, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center, Saint-Orens-de-Gameville, France (TG, RG, MB, LR, AB); Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), UMR-1048, Toulouse, France (TG, ML); University of Toulouse III: Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France (TG, AP); Department of Rehabilitation, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France (ML); Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France (AP); Pôle Rééducation-Réadaptation and Plateforme d'Investigation Technologique INSERM CIC 1432, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon, Dijon, France (VG); INSERM U1093 « Cognition, Action, et Plasticité Sensorimotrice » 8 Service de Médecine du Sport, CHU Toulouse, Larrey, France (FP); and Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre, Montreal Heart Institute, University of Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate safety, tolerance, relative exercise intensity, and muscle substrate oxidation during sessions performed on a Huber Motion Lab in coronary heart disease patients. After an assessment of V˙O2 peak, 20 coronary heart disease patients participated in two different exercises performed in random order ...
Chanda Makamas M Molecular Hematology Research Unit, Department of Clinical Microscopy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Glucose-6-phospate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient cells are sensitive to oxidative damage leading to the formation of microparticles (MPs). Therefore, we examined the concentration of MPs and changes in the antioxidant balance after an acute strenuous exercise (SEx) and moderate-intensity exercise (MEx). Eighteen healthy females (18-24 years) with G6PD normal and eighteen ...
Barker Tom T Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, The Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Assessment of local tissue oxygenation (StO2) using near infrared spectroscopy is an emerging technique in medical practice with applications in trauma/sepsis management, diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome and assessment of tissue viability. Despite this, there have been little published data on the range of StO2 values in normal subjects. StO2 ...
Simonson T S TS Department of Medicine Division of Physiology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA, 92093 - - 2014
High-altitude natives are challenged by hypoxia and a potential compensation could be reduced blood P50, as seen in several high-altitude mammalian species. In 21 Qinghai Tibetan males and 9 Han Chinese, all resident at 4200 m, standard P50 was calculated from measurements of arterial PO2 and forehead oximeter oxygen saturation ...
Perez-Schindler Joaquin J a School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences , University of Birmingham , Birmingham , - - 2014
Abstract Concurrent training (the combination of endurance exercise to resistance training) is a common practice for athletes looking to maximise strength and endurance. Over 20 years ago, it was first observed that performing endurance exercise after resistance exercise could have detrimental effects on strength gains. At the cellular level, specific ...
- - 2014
High-intensity exercise is safe and more effective than moderate exercise in long-term heart transplant recipients, according to a study in Denmark.
Lin Chih-Hsueh CH Department of Family Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Exercise training is considered a benefit to heart function, but the benefit in aging hearts remains unknown. Activation of the PI3K-Akt survival pathway and suppression of Fas/FADD/caspase-8 apoptotic signaling by exercise training in hearts from young subjects have been described in our previous studies. However, the mechanisms are still unclear ...
Rupp Thomas T 1] HP2 Laboratory, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France [2] INSERM U1042, U836, US 17, Grenoble, France [3] Laboratoire de Physiologie de l'Exercice, Université de Savoie, Chambéry, - - 2014
The present study assessed the isolated and synergetic effects of hypoxic exposure and prolonged exercise on cerebral volume and subedema and symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS). Twelve healthy males performed three semirandomized blinded 11-hour sessions with (1) an inspiratory oxygen fraction (FiO2) of 12% and 4-hour cycling, (2) FiO2=21% ...
Tompuri Tuomo T Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital and University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Biomedicine/Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, - - 2014
In the exercise testing measures of cardiorespiratory fitness need to be scaled by body size or composition to enable comparison between individuals. Traditionally used weight-proportional measures are potentially confounded by body adiposity that hampers their interpretation and applicability in the clinical assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness. We aimed to find the ...
Haramizu Satoshi S Kao - - 2014
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) comprises carbohydrates, membrane-specific proteins, glycoproteins, phospholipids, and sphingolipids. We evaluated the effects of MFGM consumption over a 12-week period on endurance capacity and energy metabolism in BALB/c mice. Long-term MFGM intake combined with regular exercise improved endurance capacity, as evidenced by swimming time until fatigue, ...
Teplan Vladimír V Department of Nephrology, Transplant Centre, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Institute for Postgraduate Education, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Background/Aims : To assess, in a prospective cohort study of 238 renal transplant patients, our hypothesis that elevated ADMA levels may be influenced by physical exercise and obesity. Methods : Blood samples before and after six months were obtained from 116 transplant patients participating in an aerobic exercise (Group I). ...
Gojanovic B B Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital and University, Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2014
Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a new exercise method, with good acceptance among sedentary subjects. The metabolic response to WBV has not been well documented. 3 groups of male subjects, inactive (SED), endurance (END) and strength trained (SPRINT) underwent a session of side-alternating WBV composed of three 3-min exercises (isometric half-squat, ...
Falcone Paul H PH 1MusclePharm Sports Science Institute, Denver, CO 2University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 3University of Colorado, Denver, CO 4Department of Sports Exercise Science, United States Sports Academy, Daphne, AL, - - 2014
Though exercise regimens vary in content and duration, few studies have compared the caloric expenditure of multiple exercise modalities with the same duration. The purpose of the present study was to compare the energy expenditure of single sessions of resistance, aerobic, and combined exercise with the same duration. Nine recreationally ...
Kline John R JR 1Northern Arizona University, Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training 2Northern Arizona University, Department of Biological Sciences 3Northern Arizona University, Department of Health - - 2014
Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) or anti-gravity treadmills are becoming increasingly popular in sports and rehabilitation settings. Running at decreased body weights reduces metabolic cost, which can be offset by running at faster speeds. To date, however, little is known about how much faster someone must run to offset the ...
Hutchison Alexander T AT 1University of the Incarnate Word, School of Math, Science, & Engineering, Department of Biology, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This investigation determined the efficacy of black currant nectar (BCN) in reducing symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Sixteen college students were randomly assigned to drink either 16 oz of BCN or a placebo (PLA) twice a day for eight consecutive days. A bout of eccentric knee extensions (3 ...
Fortier J J URANIE - USC1335 Nutrition du cheval athlète, AgroSupDijon, Dijon Cedex, - - 2014
In humans, cardiorespiratory responses are widely evaluated from field incremental exercise tests. On the contrary, equine exercise physiology faces a huge lack of oxygen consumption measurements (VO2 ) in field conditions due to technical concerns. The aim of this study was to test the effects of two incremental continuous field ...
Habermann Nina N 1Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center and National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 3Office of Cancer Survivorship, National Cancer Institute/National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; 4Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 5School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 6Division of Nutrition, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; 7Cancer Prevention Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 8School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 9Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New - - 2014
Maintenance of normal weight and higher levels of physical activity are associated with a reduced risk of several types of cancer. As genomic instability is regarded as a hallmark of cancer development, one proposed mechanism is improvement of DNA repair function. We investigated links between dietary weight loss, exercise, and ...
Spindler Christiano C Programa de Pós-Graduação Em Ciências Biológicas: Fisiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Studies have pointed out the relationship between neuroprotective exercise effects and epigenetic mechanisms on the hippocampus. Considering the role of frontal cortex on brain functions, we investigated the impact of different exercise protocols on enzymatic system involved with histone acetylation status, histone acetyltransferases (HATs), and histone desacetylases (HDACs) in frontal ...
Unnithan V B VB Centre for Sport, Health and Exercise Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK, - - 2014
The effects of a short, high-intensity bout of exercise on cardiac systolic and diastolic function are not well understood in adolescent athletes. Consequently, the aims of the study were to evaluate global left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, as well as segmental wall motion responses (cardiac strain), prior to ...
Lai Chao-Hung CH Graduate Institute of Aging Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death (9.1 %) in Taiwan. Heart function deteriorates with age at a rate of 1 % per year. As society ages, we must study the serious problem of cardiovascular disease. SIRT1 regulates important cellular processes, including anti-apoptosis, neuronal protection, cellular senescence, aging, and longevity. ...
Gu Qi Q School of Physical Education, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of present work was to investigate the underlying mechanism of vasculature-protecting effects of exercise training in aged rats. Experiment 1: Aged rats were given moderate-intensity exercise for 12 weeks. Exercise training suppressed advanced glycation evidenced by reduced activity of aldose reductase, increased activity of glyoxalase 1, reduced levels ...
Ihalainen Johanna J Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, P.O Box 35, 40014, Jyväskylä, Finland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute immune response (circulating levels of leukocytes, cytokines and adipocytokines) to maximal resistance (MAX, 15 × 1RM) and hypertrophic resistance (HYP, 5 × 10RM) exercise bouts. Twelve healthy men (age = 28.2 ± 3.5 years, weight = 78.6 ± 10.4 kg, height 178.8 ± 5.0 cm, fat percentage = 16.5 ± 3.5 %) participated in the study. Blood was sampled before, immediately after ...
Gomes Clarissa P C CP Pós-Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília , Brasília, DF , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Context: Circulating miRNAs are potential biomarkers that can be important molecules driving cell-to-cell communication. Objective: To investigate circulating muscle-specific miRNAs in recreational athletes. Materials and methods: Three miRNAs from whole plasma before and after a half-marathon were analyzed by qPCR. Results: MiR-1, -133a, and -206 significantly increased after the ...
Christensen Dirk L DL Unit of International Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine to what extent extreme endurance exercise results in changes of plasma markers associated with cardiac and renal damage, as well as hemolysis in male, Mexican Tarahumara runners. Ten Tarahumara runners (mean (sd) age of 38 (12) years) participated in a 78 km ...
Mckune Andrew J AJ Discipline of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South - - 2014
To determine the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathoadrenal (SA) system response to repeated bouts of downhill running. Eleven active but untrained males (age: 19.7 ± 0.4 y; VO2peak 47.8 ± 3.6 ml/kg/min) performed two 60 min bouts of downhill running (-13.5% gradient), separated by 14 days, at a speed eliciting 75% of their VO2peak ...
Ferreira-Junior J B JB Department of Education, Federal Institute of Triângulo Mineiro, Paracatu, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a single partial-body cryotherapy bout between training sessions on strength recovery. 12 young men (23.9±5.9 years) were randomly exposed to 2 different conditions separated by 7 days: 1) Partial-body cryotherapy (subjects were exposed to 3 min of partial-body cryotherapy at ...
Paraiso L F LF Institute of Genetics and Biochemisty, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, - - 2014
This study evaluated the effects of 2 different types of acute aerobic exercise on the osmotic stability of human erythrocyte membrane and on different hematological and biochemical variables that are associated with this membrane property. The study population consisted of 20 healthy and active men. Participants performed single sessions of ...
Tibana R A RA Graduation Program on Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to correlate the acute and chronic decrease in blood pressure (BP) following resistance training (RT). 13 normotensive women (18-49 years) completed an acute whole body RT session with 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 60% 1RM and then 8 weeks of RT as ...
Lane A D AD Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA, - - 2014
Ventricular and vascular coupling is defined as the ratio of arterial elastance (Ea) to ventricular elastance (Elv) and describes the interaction between the heart and arterial system. There are sex differences in both arterial and ventricular function in response to both acute exercise and aerobic exercise training. To examine the ...
Hutchinson Jasmin C JC Exercise Science and Sport Studies Department, Springfield College, Springfield, MA, USA, - - 2014
There is a paucity of work addressing the distractive, affect-enhancing, and motivational influences of music and video in combination during exercise. We examined the effects of music and music-and-video on a range of psychological and psychophysical variables during treadmill running at intensities above and below ventilatory threshold (VT). Participants (N = 24) ...
Courneya K S KS Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, - - 2014
Background:The Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Trial tested different types and doses of exercise in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Here, we explore potential moderators of the exercise training responses.Methods:Breast cancer patients initiating chemotherapy (N=301) were randomly assigned to three times a week, supervised exercise of a standard dose of ...
Morrison Shawnda A SA University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Context :  Cooling the body before exercise (precooling) has been studied as an ergogenic aid for many thermal conditions; however, airflow accompanying exercise is seldom reported. Objective :  To determine whether the physiologic and ergogenic benefits of precooling before endurance exercise may be negated with semirealistic airflow in hot conditions. ...
Kawabata Fuminori F a Human Life Science R&D Center , Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd , Tokyo , - - 2014
Based on the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on reduction of blood viscosity, we theorized that PUFA could improve aerobic performance by increasing oxygen supply to tissues. Twenty male subjects were randomly divided into two groups (n = 10): a fish ...
Alberton C L CL School of Physical Education, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, - - 2014
This study aimed to compare the oxygen uptake (VO2), the muscle activity of lower limbs, and the vertical ground reaction force (V-GRF) of women performing water aerobic exercises at different intensities. 12 young women performed the experimental protocol, which consisted of 3 water exercises (stationary running [SR], frontal kick [FK] ...
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