Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1923
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Padulo J J Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of "Tor Vergata" Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of increased hours of specific high-intensity training on motor skills within a children's Karate Summer Camp. Seventy-three children were divided in two groups: Karate Group (KG=53) and Control Group (CG=20). Pre and post training (one week), participants performed a battery ...
D'Ascenzi F F Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Siena, Siena, Italy - - - 2014
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are known to play a role in the vascular responses and adaptations to exercise. We performed a quantitative assessment of HSCs and EPCs in adolescents in order to investigate whether resting levels of circulating HSCs and EPCs are comparable between elite ...
Kemmler W W Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Henkestrasse 91, 91052, Erlangen, Germany, - - 2014
Young adulthood is characterized by profound life-style changes. This study suggests that reduction of sport or exercise, induced by alteration of the occupational situation, negatively impacts generation/maintenance of peak bone mass. In order to compensate occupational-related reductions of physical activity, workplace exercise programs will be helpful. Only few studies have ...
Zheng H H Geriatrics Department, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R. China - - - 2014
We sought to investigate effects of supervised exercise training on left ventricular remodeling, left ventricular function and autonomic nervous system of hypertensive patients without medication. 50 borderline and mildly hypertensive patients were enrolled and randomly divided into 2 groups (25 in each). Exercise group received a 4 months' exercise program, ...
Pryor Riana R - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. To investigate the effect of ice slurry ingestion precooling on body core temperature (Tc) during exertion in wildland firefighting garments in uncompensable heat stress. Methods. On two separate trials, 10 males ingested 7.5 g·kg(-1) of either an ice slurry (0.1°C) or control beverage (20°C) during seated rest for 30 ...
Casaburi Richard R Rehabilitation Clinical Trials Center, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: Bronchodilator therapy represents a potentially valuable therapeutic option to increase exercise tolerance and enhance lung function in mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objectives: To determine effects of tiotropium on pulmonary hyperinflation and exercise tolerance in symptomatic Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 1 and 2 COPD ...
Petrov Fieril Karolina K Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to assess the effect and safety of moderate-to-vigorous resistance exercise during pregnancy. Randomized controlled study. Two antenatal clinics in Gothenburg, Sweden. Ninety-two healthy pregnant women. The intervention was administered during gestational weeks 14-25. The intervention group received supervised resistance exercise twice a week, performed ...
Morley P S PS Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1678, - - 2014
Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) occurs commonly in Thoroughbred racehorses worldwide. While EIPH is believed to be an important cause of impaired performance in these horses, there is limited evidence from sufficiently powered studies to evaluate this association. To evaluate whether EIPH is associated with finishing position, distance finished behind race ...
Drigny Joffrey J , Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre (ÉPIC), Montreal Heart Institute , Montreal, - - 2014
Objective: To assess the effect of a 4-month high-intensity interval training programme on cognitive functioning, cerebral oxygenation, central haemodynamic and cardiometabolic parameters and aerobic capacity in obese patients. Methods: Cognitive functioning, cerebral oxygenation, central haemodynamic, cardiometabolic and exercise para-meters were measured before and after a 4-month high-intensity interval training programme ...
Chen Yen-Huey YH Department of Respiratory Care, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; Department of Physical Education, National Normal Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation has been regarded as a strategy for improving exercise performance. Whether an increase in the ventilatory support level improves exercise performance in patients who have received invasive ventilation is unknown. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of an additional level of pressure ...
Chuganji Sayaka S Department of Physical Therapy Science, Unit of Physical and Occupational Therapy Sciences, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki 852-8520, - - 2014
Cast immobilization of limbs causes hyperalgesia, which is a decline of the threshold of mechanical and thermal mechanical stimuli. The immobilization-induced hyperalgesia (IIH) can disturb rehabilitation and activities of daily living in patients with orthopedic disorders. However, it is unclear what therapeutic and preventive approaches can be used to alleviate ...
Kainulainen Heikki H Department of Biology of Physical Activity, Neuromuscular Research Center, University of Jyväskylä, Rautpohjankatu 8, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä, - - 2014
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is characterized by muscle wasting and decreased aerobic metabolism. Exercise and blocking of myostatin/activin signaling may independently or combined counteract muscle wasting and dystrophies. The effects of myostatin/activin blocking using soluble activin receptor-Fc (sActRIIB-Fc) administration and wheel running were tested alone or in combination for seven weeks ...
Thompson A A Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United - - 2014
We investigated the effects of evening bright light on the circadian timing of core temperature and morning exercise performance under conditions of high thermal stress. At 20:00 h, 8 males were exposed to a standardised light protocol and thereafter to either polychromatic bright light (2 500 lux at 50 cm, BL) or no ...
Lee J J Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, United - - 2014
Boosting nitric oxide production during exercise by various means has been found to improve exercise performance. We investigated the effects of a nitric oxide releasing lozenge with added caffeine (70 mg) on oxygen consumption during steady-state exercise and cycling time trial performance using a double-blinded randomized, crossover experimental design. 15 moderately ...
Hew-Butler T T Exercise Science Program, School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, United - - 2014
The low cost, ease of application and portability of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and spectroscopy (BIS) devices make them attractive tools for measuring acute changes in body composition before and after exercise, despite potential limitations from active compartmental fluid shifts. The primary study aim was to evaluate use of dual ...
Nasseri A A Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran - - - 2014
Formaldehyde is a cytotoxic agent produced from creatine through a metabolic pathway, and in this regard, it has been claimed that creatine supplementation could be cytotoxic. Even though the cytotoxic effects of creatine supplementation have been widely studied, yet little is known about how resistance training can alter these toxic ...
Hackett D A DA Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine whether a high--volume compared to a low--volume whole--body resistance exercise session acutely impairs lung function. Fifteen competitive male bodybuilders (age 27.4 ± 5.4 y; body mass 89.7 ± 12.8 kg; stature 177.9 ± 4.8 cm), in a crossover trial, completed two resistance ...
Aguiar A F AF Center of Biological and Health Sciences, North University of Paraná (UNOPAR), Jardim Piza, Londrina, PR, Brazil - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an additional set of exhaustive exercise before local muscular endurance (LME) training on maximal dynamic strength and endurance of quadriceps muscle in young men. Twenty--seven healthy men (age:20.9 ± 1.8 years) performed one repetition maximum (1RM), muscular endurance, and ...
DiLeo T D TD National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL), National Institute for OccupationalSafety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USA - - - 2014
Heat acclimation (HA) evokes numerous physiological adaptations, improves heat tolerance and has also been shown to enhance lactate (LA) responses during exercise, similar to that seen with endurance training. The purpose of this study was to examine whether HA improves the body's ability to remove LA during recovery following maximal ...
Boucourt B B EA3920 Marqueurs Pronostiques et Facteurs de Régulations des Pathologies Cardiaques etVasculaires, Plateforme Exercice Performance Santé Innovation, SFR FED 4234, Université deFranche--Comté, Besançon, France - - - 2014
The purpose was to examine the changes in tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) with calf compression sleeves - before, during and after a cycling exercise. 11 athletes came to the laboratory two times, to complete the same session with or without calf compression sleeves, in a randomized order. The session included ...
Spanoudaki S S Department of Sports Medicine & Biology of Physical Activity, Faculty of Physical Education andSports Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, Athens, Greece - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was a secondary--analysis of previously published data, in order to compare the acute VO2 responses, the time spent at high percentage of VO2max and total VO2 consumed (TVO2 ) between constant and alternating intensity exercise of the same intensity and duration. Also, to examine VO2 ...
Chien K Y KY Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan - - - 2014
Middle--aged and older women represent the main participant group in head--out aquatic exercise (HOAE). Blood pressure (BP) significantly increases no matter people are in water immersion or aquatic walking. Based on risk concerns, it is important to evaluate BP responses of postmenopausal women participating in HOAE. The aim of this ...
Braun W A WA Department of Exercise Science, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg PA, U.S.A. - - - 2014
To study the effects of Nordic ski training on post-exercise blood glucose (BG) regulation. Twenty-one (male = 10; female =11), competitive college Nordic skiers (age=19.14±1.3 yrs.; body fat %=14.9±6.2) completed two ski training conditions (high intensity: HI; and easy volume: MOD) and one resting control (CON) condition on separate days. ...
Ashor Ammar W AW Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle on Tyne, NE4 5PL, UK, - - 2014
Regular exercise is associated with enhanced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is used widely to assess endothelial function (EF) and NO release. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to (i) investigate the effect of exercise modalities (aerobic, resistance or combined) on FMD; and (ii) determine ...
Muggeridge David J DJ Institute for Clinical Exercise and Health Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, - - 2014
Dietary nitrate supplementation has been shown to increase nitric oxide (NO) metabolites, reduce blood pressure (BP) and enhance exercise performance. Acute exposure to ultraviolet (UV)-A light also increases NO bioavailability and reduces BP. We conducted a randomized, counterbalanced placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of UV-A light alone and in ...
Bray Steven R SR a Department of Kinesiology , McMaster University , Hamilton , ON , Canada L8S - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of two weeks of self-control strength training on maximum cardiovascular exercise performance. Forty-one participants completed a cognitive self-control depletion task (Stroop task) followed by a maximal graded cycling test and were randomized to training (maximal endurance contractions of spring ...
El-Lithy A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on premenstrual symptoms, haematological and hormonal parameters in young women. A total of 30 participants aged 16-20 years and complaining of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) were randomly assigned into two groups: a control group received vitamin B6 and ...
Arbab-Zadeh Armin A Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, Dallas, - - 2014
-It is unclear if, and to what extent, the striking cardiac morphologic manifestations of endurance athletes are a result of exercise training or a genetically determined characteristic of talented athletes. We hypothesized that prolonged and intensive endurance training in previously sedentary healthy young individuals could induce cardiac remodeling similar to ...
Cannon Daniel T DT Rehabilitation Clinical Trials Center, Division of Respiratory & Critical Care Physiology & Medicine, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of - - 2014
During constant power high-intensity exercise, the expected increase in oxygen uptake (V̇O2) is supplemented by a V̇O2 slow component (V̇O2sc), reflecting reduced work efficiency predominantly within the locomotor muscles. The intracellular source of inefficiency is postulated to be an increase in the ATP cost of power production (an increase in ...
Andersen Mads J MJ Department of Cardiology, the Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet & University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increased pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) is an independent prognostic predictor following myocardial infarction (MI), but is difficult to assess noninvasively in subjects with preserved ejection fraction (EF). We hypothesized that biomarkers would provide information regarding PCWP at rest and during exercise in subjects with preserved EF following MI. 74 ...
Vecera Jan J Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV - - 2014
Background:This study assessed the independent significance of color Doppler 3-D vena contracta area (VCA) at rest and during exercise as a predictor of clinical outcome in mild-moderate functional mitral regurgitation (FMR).Methods and Results:The subjects consisted of 62 patients (age, 68±11 years; 76% male) with chronic systolic heart failure and mild-moderate FMR (<2+/4) ...
Ivanova Elena E 1Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, CANADA; and 2Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To test the efficacy of an acute intervention derived from acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for increasing high-intensity constant work rate (CWR) cycle exercise tolerance in a group of low-active women aged 18-45 years. The secondary goals were to examine whether ACT would reduce perceived effort and improve in-task affect ...
Lintu Niina N Institute of Biomedicine, Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, PO Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland, - - 2014
We aimed to provide comprehensive data on and reference values for cardiorespiratory fitness, respiratory function and hemodynamic responses during and after maximal cycle ergometer test in children. The participants were a population sample of 140 children (69 girls) aged 9-11 years. Heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were measured ...
Volek Jeff S JS a Kinesiology Program, Department of Human Sciences , The Ohio State University , Columbus , OH , - - 2014
Abstract A key element contributing to deteriorating exercise capacity during physically demanding sport appears to be reduced carbohydrate availability coupled with an inability to effectively utilize alternative lipid fuel sources. Paradoxically, cognitive and physical decline associated with glycogen depletion occurs in the presence of an over-abundance of fuel stored as ...
Kluding Patricia M PM P.M. Kluding, PT, PhD, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Kansas City, KS 66160 - - 2014
Exercise is recommended for people with diabetes, but little is known about exercise in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). The primary purpose of this pilot study was to examine adverse events (AEs) during moderate-intensity, supervised aerobic exercise in people with DPN. A secondary purpose was to examine changes in ...
Raper Justin J Canadian Centre for Acitivity and - - 2014
Mitochondrial Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (PDH) regulates the delivery of carbohydrate-derived substrate to the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle and electron transport chain. PDH activity at rest and its activation during exercise is attenuated following high-fat (HFAT) compared to high-carbohydrate (HCHO) diets. Given the reliance on carbohydrate-derived substrate early in transitions to exercise, ...
Feng Rui R Department of Neurology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050051, P.R. - - 2014
Physical exercise has been proved to be neuroprotective in clinical trials and animal experiments. However, the exact mechanism underlying this neuroprotective effect remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore whether pre-ischemic treadmill training could act as a form of ischemic preconditioning in a rat following ischemic ...
Kim Hakkyong H Professor, Keimyung University, Republic of - - 2014
With a view towards suggesting improvements to the official UK Guidance for disaster exercises, this paper critically examines a representative sample of recent disaster management exercises in the United Kingdom to determine how they are planned, conducted and assessed. Personal observations and in-depth qualitative interviews were used to study three ...
van Hoye Karen K Department of Kinesiology, Exercise and Health Research Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
van Hoye, K, Mortelmans, P, and Lefevre, J. Validation of the SenseWear Pro3 Armband using an incremental exercise test. J Strength Cond Res 28(10): 2806-2814, 2014-The purpose of this study is to assess the accuracy of a multisensor activity monitor in measuring energy expenditure (EE) using an incremental exercise test. ...
Moore Isabel S IS Sports Injury Research Group, Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, Wales, - - 2014
Interest in barefoot running and research on barefoot running are growing. However a methodological issue surrounding investigations is how familiar the participants are with running barefoot. The aim of the study was to assess the amount of time required for habitually shod runners to become familiar with barefoot treadmill running. ...
Santos-Concejero J J UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise, Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa2 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain - - - 2014
The main purpose of this study was to investigate if the lactate threshold estimated by the maximal deviation method (LTDmax) and the onset of blood lactate accumulation speed (LTOBLA) are good correlates of middle- and long-distance running performance in well-trained endurance runners. Eleven long- and eleven middle-distance runners participated in ...
Turner G G Exercise and Environmental Physiology School of Sport and Service Management University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UK - - - 2014
Exercise at altitude places additional physiological stress on the individual in comparison with sea-level performance. This study examines the effect of a moderate hypoxic environment (FiO2=~17%) on intermittent sprint exercise performance. Nine male games players completed two consecutive sets of a 40 minute cycling intermittent sprint protocol (CISP×2) in a ...
Miloski B B Grupo de estudos e pesquisa em planejamento e monitoramento do treinamento físico e esportivo Escola de Educação Física e Esporte Departamento de Esporte Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brasil - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to verify whether aerobic fitness and ability to perform repeated high-intensity efforts influence the internal training load (ITL), which consists of the actual stress imposed in the athletes' organisms, in professional futsal players. Twelve high-level futsal players (age: 26.3±4.9 years, body mass: 73.5±7.5 ...
Suzuki K K Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan - - - 2014
Aim of the present study was to compare the effects of highly branched cyclic dextrin (HBCD) drink with a glucose-based control drink on immunoendocrine responses to endurance exercise. Using a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over design, seven male triathletes participated in two duathlon races separated by one month, consisting of 5 ...
Hassan E S ES Department of Sports Health Science, College of Physical Education, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt - - - 2014
This study examined the muscles ability to adapt to eccentric exercise by the changes in serum myoglobin (Mb), creatine kinase (CK) activity and muscle soreness. The study involved 54 healthy young men from the 23± 2yr age group. These were distributed as subjects for three types of experiments with 18 ...
Unnithan Viswanath B VB Faculty of Health Sciences, Centre for Sport, Health and Exercise Research, Staffordshire University, Brindley Building, Leek Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DF, UK, - - 2014
Little evidence exists with regard to the effect that exercise training has upon oxygen uptake kinetics in adolescent females. The aim of the study was to compare [Formula: see text] and muscle deoxygenation kinetics in a group of trained (Tr) and untrained (Utr) female adolescents. Twelve trained (6.4 ± 0.9 years training, 10.3 ± 1.4 months ...
Oh Sechang S Division of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, - - 2014
Recently, the beneficial effects of increased physical activity (PA) on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese subjects have been reported. However, the optimal strength and volume of PA in lifestyle modification to improve NAFLD pathophysiology and be recommended as an appropriate management of this condition are unclear. The primary ...
Smith Catherine M CM University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand - - 2014
Researchers have suggested that men with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience lower self-efficacy than women with MS and have linked women's self-efficacy with a sense of perceived control over symptoms and activities. Self-efficacy-the belief in one's own ability to achieve an outcome-has also been linked to engagement in healthy behaviors such ...
Husebø Anne Marie L AM Author Affiliations: Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, Norway (Mrs Husebø and Dr Karlsen); School of Health & Education, Middlesex University, England (Dr Allan); and Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway (Dr Søreide); Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway (Dr Søreide); and Norwegian Centre for Learning Environment and Behavioural Research in Education, University of Stavanger, Norway (Dr - - 2014
Breast cancer treatment can represent a threat to a patient's wellness. The role of exercise in perceived wellness in women with breast cancer merits further study. The objective of this study was to describe how exercise is perceived by women to influence their physical and psychosocial wellness at the time ...
Sampedro-Piquero P P Laboratorio de Neurociencias. Departamento de Psicología. Universidad de Oviedo. Plaza Feijoo s/n. 33003 Oviedo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have studied the performance of a spatial reference memory task, the navigation strategy and the changes in the cytochrome c oxidase activity (COx) in different brain regions in exercised (forced exercise, 10 consecutive days, 15 min/day) and non-exercised adult Wistar rats. The spatial learning task was carried out in ...
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