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Mourão Flávio Afonso Gonçalves FA Núcleo de Neurociências (NNC). Departamento de Fisiologia e Biofísica, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas - Universidade Federal de Minas - - 2014
The role of physical exercise as a neuroprotective agent against ischemic injury has been extensively discussed. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying the effects of physical exercise on cerebral ischemia remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate the hypothesis that physical exercise increases ischemic tolerance by decreasing the induction of cellular apoptosis and ...
Bronisz Agata A Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Clinic of Metabolic Rehabilitation, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland, - - 2014
Lactic acidosis is a form of metabolic acidosis with a high anion gap, reduced rate of arterial blood pH under 7.35 mmol/l, and lactic acid concentration over 7 mmol/l. In the literature we can find some descriptions of the cases of lactic acidosis in patients with severe systemic diseases (cancer, ...
Sanchis-Gomar F F Department of Physiology, University of Valencia, Fundacion Investigacion Hospital Clinico Universitario/INCLIVA, Valencia, - - 2014
Xanthine oxidase (XO), a free radical-generating enzyme, is involved in tissue damage produced during exhaustive exercise. Our aim was to test whether allopurinol, a powerful inhibitor of XO, may be effective in preventing exercise-induced tissue damage in soccer players. Twelve soccer players were randomized into two experimental groups. One received ...
Zheng Xiaoxu X Division of Cardiology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD - - 2014
Myosin phosphatase (MP) is a key target of signaling pathways that regulate smooth muscle tone and blood flow. Alternative splicing of MP targeting subunit (MYPT1) exon 24 (E24) generates isoforms with variable presence of a C-terminal leucine zipper (LZ) required for activation of MP by NO/cGMP. Here we examined the ...
Chen Wen-Chyuan WC 1Center for General Education, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan; 2Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taiwan; 3Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, - - 2014
To verify the beneficial effects of whey protein (WP) supplementation on health promotion and enhancing exercise performance in an aerobic-exercise training protocol. In total, 40 male ICR mice (4 weeks old) were divided into 4 groups (n=10 per group): sedentary control with vehicle (SC) or WP supplementation (4.1 g⋅kg, SC+WP), ...
Romagnoli Marco M Universitary Research Institute "Dr. Viña Giner", Molecular and Mitochondrial Medicine, Catholic University of Valencia "San Vicente Mártir" , Valencia , - - 2014
Short, middle, and long-term exercise, as well as the relative intensity of the physical effort, may influence a broad array of laboratory results, and it is thereby of pivotal importance to appropriately differentiate the 'physiologic' from the 'pathological' effects of exercise. Therefore, the values of some biomarkers in physically active ...
Mack S J SJ The Philip Leverhulme Equine Hospital, The University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, - - 2014
Hereditary muscular disease is well described in racehorses, yet little is known about traumatic muscle disease associated with unaccustomed exercise or training. The objective of the study was to compare sedentary horses, racehorses undergoing training for the first time (unaccustomed exercise), and experienced racehorses during a training season (accustomed exercise) ...
Yu Seok-Yeong SY Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Korea. - - 2014
As previously reported, high temperature- and high pressure-treated red ginseng (HRG) contain higher contents of phenolic compounds and protect C2C12 muscle cells and 3T3-L1 adipocytes against oxidative stress. This study investigated the effect of HRG on oxidative stress using a mouse model. Our results show that the levels of glutamic ...
Huang Chi-Chang CC Graduate Institute of Sports Science, College of Exercise and Health Sciences, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, - - 2014
Cornu cervi pantotrichum (CCP) is a well-known yang-invigorating agent used in traditional Chinese medicine that can nourish the blood, tonify qi, and invigorate bones and tendons with multifunctional bioactivities. However, evidence on the effects of CCP on exercise performance and physical fatigue is limited. We evaluated the potential beneficial effects ...
Kanda Kazue - - 2014
This investigation determined whether existing muscle damage markers and organ damage markers respond to an acute eccentric exercise protocol and are associated with affected muscle symptoms. Nine healthy-young men completed one-leg calf-raise exercise with their right leg on a force plate. They performed 10 sets of 40 repetitions of exercise ...
Liu X - - 2013
Aim: Aim of the study was to examine the relationships between biochemical and physiological changes induced by exercise in postmyocardial infarction patients (PMIP) during the early stages of cardiac rehabilitation. Methods: Forty-nine male non-blockade recent PMIP, aged 63.8±4.7 years, performed a graded exercise test on a motorised treadmill until volitional ...
Sakr Hussein F HF a Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha 64121, Saudi - - 2014
Pioglitazone (Pio) and swimming exercise (SE) are insulin sensitisers. This investigation was suggested because of the significant side effects associated with Pio treatment in metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study was, therefore, designed to investigate the preventive role of Pio treatment and SE in terms of efficiency and pathological changes in ...
Bird Stephen R - - 2013
A single bout of strenuous running exercise results in perturbations to numerous biomarkers. An understanding of these is important when analysing samples from individuals who have recently performed such exercise. A literature search was undertaken using the search terms, exercise, marathon and delayed onset of muscle soreness. The search was ...
Zagaar Munder - - 2013
Evidence suggests that regular exercise can protect against learning and memory impairment in the presence of insults such as sleep deprivation. The dentate gyrus (DG) area of hippocampus is a key staging area for learning and memory processes and is particularly sensitive to sleep deprivation. The purpose of this study ...
Labate Angelo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate-glutamic-receptors (NMDAR) encephalitis often develop complex abnormal movements that may manifest early in the course of illness. METHODS/RESULTS: A 17-year-old boy developed paroxysmal exercise-induced right foot weakness, without behavioral change. Two weeks later, he had hyperthermia and convulsive status epilepticus. Intravenous valproate resolved the status, but the ...
Escribano B M - - 2013
The novel aim of this study was to describe the reference values of different haematological and biochemical parameters in the Spanish purebred horse (Andalusian, SPB) in each of the stages of a programmed exercise on a treadmill system, and to establish heritability and genetic correlations for these haematological and biochemical ...
Summermatter Serge S Division of Pharmacology/Neurobiology, Biozentrum, University of Basel, CH-4056 Basel, - - 2013
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) controls metabolic adaptations. We now show that PGC-1α in skeletal muscle drives the expression of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) B in an estrogen-related receptor-α-dependent manner. Concomitantly, PGC-1α reduces the expression of LDH A and one of its regulators, the transcription factor myelocytomatosis oncogene. PGC-1α ...
Giannitti F - - 2013
A 9-year-old Thoroughbred gelding presented with a 97-day history of poor performance and intermittent fever. Clinicopathologic changes included increased serum activity of γ-glutamyltransferase and alkaline phosphatase, mild hyperbilirubinemia, and leukocytosis with neutrophilia and lymphopenia. Abdominal ultrasound revealed hepatomegaly with hyperechoic hepatic parenchyma and biliary distention. Pathologic findings included marked hepatomegaly ...
Sarabon Nejc N University of Primorska, Science and Research Centre, Institute for Kinesiology Research , Koper, Slovenia ; S2P, Science to Practice Ltd., Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behavior , Ljubljana, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to use a holistic approach to investigate changes in jumping performance, kinaesthesia, static balance, isometric strength and fast stepping on spot during a 5-day recovery period, following an acute bout of damaging exercise consisted of drop jumps and leg curls, where specific emphasis was ...
Pons Sandrine - - 2012
Obesity is a major health issue that impedes the ability of preconditioning and postconditioning to protect the myocardium against infarction secondary to dysregulation of kinase signalling pathways. Moreover, exercise decreases cardiovascular mortality in obese patients but the mechanism remains to be established. Wild-type (WT) and obese (ob/ob) mice were assigned ...
Schweitzer George G GG Muscle Biology Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, Muscle Biology Laboratory, 401 Washtenaw, Ann Arbor, MI48109-2214, - - 2012
Prior exercise by rats can induce a sustained increase in muscle Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) phosphorylation on Thr(642) (pAS160(Thr642)). Because phosphorylation of AS160 on both AS160(Thr642) and AS160(Ser588) is important for insulin-stimulated glucose transport (GT), we determined if exercise would also induce a sustained increase in pAS160(Ser588) concomitant ...
González-Cutre David - - 2012
The objective of this study was to use self-determination theory to analyze the relationships of several motivational variables with exercise dependence. The study involved 531 exercisers, ranging in age from 16 to 60 years old, who responded to differentquestionnaires assessing perception of motivational climate, satisfaction of basic psychological needs, motivation ...
Congdon Kimberly A - - 2012
Variation in mechanical loading is known to influence chondrogenesis during joint formation. However, the interaction among chondrocyte behavior and variation in activity patterns is incompletely understood, hindering our knowledge of limb ontogeny and function. Here, the role of endurance exercise in the development of articular and physeal cartilage in the ...
Eitzen David - - 2012
Forensic mortuaries in all Australian jurisdictions are dealing with increasing workloads, with routine cases regularly occupying greater than 50%, and often as much as 85%, of existing cold room body storage capacity, particularly over long weekends and during seasonal increases in respiratory infections. Hence the need to deal with a ...
Leibowitz Akiva - - 2012
Excessive concentrations of L-glutamate (glutamate) have been found to posses neurotoxic properties. This study investigates how stress induced by strong physical exercise effects blood glutamate, 2-ketoglutarate, Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) levels. The relationship between muscle damage caused by strong physical exercise and blood glutamate levels was also ...
Teixeira Pedro J - - 2012
Motivation is a critical factor in supporting sustained exercise, which in turn is associated with important health outcomes. Accordingly, research on exercise motivation from the perspective of self-determination theory (SDT) has grown considerably in recent years. Previous reviews have been mostly narrative and theoretical. Aiming at a more comprehensive review ...
Mikulic Pavle - - 2011
PURPOSE: To examine variations in physical, physiological and performance parameters over an annual training cycle in a world champion rowing crew. METHODS: Four world-class rowers, all of them members of the men's heavyweight quadruple sculls squad who are current world rowing champions, were assessed 3 times at regular 4-month intervals ...
Wouters Eveline J - - 2011
Physical activity after bariatric surgery is associated with sustained weight loss and improved quality of life. Some bariatric patients engage insufficiently in physical activity. This may be due to exercise cognitions, i.e., specific beliefs about benefits of and barriers to physical exercise. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Crampton David - - 2011
Given the widespread use of water immersion during recovery from exercise, we aimed to investigate the effect of contrast water immersion on recovery of sprint cycling performance, HR and, blood lactate. Two groups completed high-intensity sprint exercise before and after a 30-min randomized recovery. The Wingate group (n = 8) ...
Dunlop William L - - 2011
Understanding the contextual preferences that people have for engaging in a health-enhancing physical activity has been identified as particularly important, as these preferences have been implicated in the maintenance of active lifestyle behaviors. The primary purpose of this study was to examine adults' preferences for exercising in both gender-segregated and ...
Koenigstorfer Joerg - - 2011
This paper aims to examine the similarities in effects of exercise training and a hypocaloric diet within overweight female monozygotic twin pairs and to assess differences in twin partners' responses depending on the timing of exercise bouts and main meals. Six previously untrained twin pairs (aged 20-37years, body fat 35.8±6.3%) ...
Friedman Nizan - - 2011
People with stroke typically must perform much of their hand exercise at home without professional assistance as soon as two weeks after the stroke. Without feedback and encouragement, individuals often lose motivation to practice using the affected hand, and this disuse contributes to further declines in hand function. We developed ...
Hovis Keegan K - - 2011
To evaluate the association of exercise and knee-bending activities with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based knee cartilage T2 relaxation times and morphologic abnormalities in asymptomatic subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, with or without osteoarthritis (OA) risk factors. We studied 128 subjects with knee OA risk factors and 33 normal control subjects ...
Thompson-Brenner Heather - - 2011
Studies examining trends over time in mainstream magazines observe decreases in women's figure size, and increases in figure exposure and amount of diet/exercise content. Little is known, however, regarding the content of African American magazines. Utilizing methods from classic studies, this investigation examined content in Ebony, a magazine with wide ...
Cramp Anita G - - 2011
Studies have demonstrated that postnatal women are at high risk for physical inactivity and generally show lower levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) compared to prepregnancy. The overall purpose of the current study was to investigate social cognitive correlates of LTPA among postnatal women during a 6-month period following childbirth. ...
Schweitzer George G - - 2011
A single exercise bout stimulates skeletal muscle glucose transport (GT) in the absence or presence of insulin. It has been suggested that the kallikrein-kinin system may contribute to exercise effects on both insulin-independent and insulin-dependent GT. Plasma kininogen, a key kallikrein-kinin system component, is a protein substrate for the enzyme ...
Soria Marisol - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of exercise intensity during an incremental exercise test on plasma Mg concentration in well-trained euhydrated athletes. Twenty-seven well-trained endurance athletes carried out a cycloergometer test: after a warm-up of 10 min at 2.0 W·kg(-1), the workload increased by 0.5 W·kg(-1) ...
Tullis Alexa - - 2011
It is well established that the metabolic cost of horizontal locomotion decreases as a regular function of animal body mass, regardless of body form and phylogeny. How body size affects the cost of incline exercise remains much less clear. Studies on vertebrates have led to the hypotheses that the cost ...
Power Geoffrey A - - 2012
Compared with isometric and dynamic velocity-constrained (isokinetic) tasks, less is known regarding velocity-dependent (isotonic) muscle power and recovery in older adults following repeated fatiguing lengthening contractions. We investigated voluntary and evoked neuromuscular properties of the dorsiflexors in nine old (68.3 ± 6.1 years) and nine young women (25.1 ± 1.3 ...
Morris Martyn G - - 2011
The aim of this study was to monitor muscle contractile performance in vivo, using an electrical stimulation protocol, immediately following an acute high and low intensity exercise session conducted at the same average intensity performed on a cycle ergometer. Eighteen healthy males (25.1 ± 4.5 years, 81.6 ± 9.8 kg, 1.83 ± 0.06 m; mean ± SD) participated in the study. ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2011
PURPOSE:: We compared the effects of exercise intensity (EI) on the cytokine response to an acute bout of running. METHODS:: Ten males (mean ± 1SD VO2max: 56.2 ± 8.1 mL·min-·kg-) completed three, counterbalanced, 8-day trials. Following three control days, on Day 4, participants completed 60 min of running at 55%, ...
Ferguson-Stegall Lisa - - 2011
Ferguson-Stegall, L, McCleave, EL, Ding, Z, Doerner III, PG, Wang, B, Liao, Y-H, Kammer, L, Liu, Y, Hwang, J, Dessard, BM, and Ivy, JL. Postexercise carbohydrate-protein supplementation improves subsequent exercise performance and intracellular signaling for protein synthesis. J Strength Cond Res 25(5): 1210-1224, 2011-Postexercise carbohydrate-protein (CHO + PRO) supplementation has ...
DE Pauw Kevin - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of five different recovery strategies on repeated simulated time trial (TT) performance on a stationary cycle ergometer. : Study 1 (n = 8, male, club-level trained; V˙O2max: 56.9 ± 3.8 mL·min·kg) investigated the influence of passive rest with or ...
Zuniga Jorge M - - 2011
Zuniga, JM, Berg, K, Noble, J, Harder, J, Chaffin, ME, and Hanumanthu, VS. Physiological responses during interval training with different intensities and duration of exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(5): 1279-1284, 2011-The purpose of this study was to compare 4 interval training (IT) sessions with different intensities and durations of ...
Symons T B TB Division of Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-1144, - - 2011
The synergistic effect of resistance exercise and protein ingestion on muscle protein anabolism in young adults has been well described. However, it is unclear if this relationship is maintained in older adults who are at greater risk of sarcopenic muscle loss. To this end, we sought to determine if the ...
Bueno P G - - 2011
We evaluated the expression of MSTN and ActRIIB mRNA in muscle and adipose tissue in diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in rats subjected to exercise. There was no difference in the expression of MSTN between exercised and sedentary high-fat fed rats in muscle after swimming training. The expression of ActRIIB ...
Sun M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a combination of nutrients on physical performance, oxidative stress and mitochondrial biogenesis in rats subjected to exhaustive exercise. Rats were divided into sedentary control (SC), exhaustive exercise (EC) and exhaustive exercise with nutrient supplementation (EN). The nutrients include (mg/kg/day): ...
Zakrzewski Julia Kirstey - - 2011
Substrate metabolism differs between children and adults and is important for weight management during childhood. A direct comparison of fat oxidation over a range of exercise intensities and the estimation of Fatmax (exercise intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation (MFO)) during treadmill (TM) and cycling exercise (CE) does not appear ...
McQuade Kevin James - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine if increasing strength in primary knee extensors and flexors would directly affect net knee joint moments during a common functional task in persons with knee osteoarthritis. An exploratory single sample clinical trial with pre-post treatment measures was used to study volunteers with ...
Iversen Ninna - - 2011
The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses that 1) skeletal muscles of elderly subjects can adapt to a single endurance exercise bout and 2) endurance trained elderly subjects have higher expression/activity of oxidative and angiogenic proteins in skeletal muscle than untrained elderly people. To investigate this, lifelong ...
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