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Results 301 - 350 of 1051
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Stranahan A M AM Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2009
Coordinated and constructive physical activity is correlated with the maintenance of cognitive function in humans. Voluntary running also enhances neuroplasticity in adult and aging rodents, but the molecular pathways underlying these effects are still being elucidated. Considering the multifactorial nature of the biochemical links between physical activity and neurophysiology it ...
Ferney Shannon L - - 2009
Health and exercise professionals have an important role to play in the promotion of physical activity (PA), in that they can provide PA advice to their patients and clients. In order for them to do this, they must be aware of, and understand, current PA guidelines and messages. This study ...
Liou Yiing Mei - - 2008
In order to analyze the health risks of insufficient activity by international comparisons, the first author obtained the permission to translate and develop a Taiwan version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The objective was to determine culturally sensitive Chinese translations for the terms "moderate", "vigorous" and "physical activity" ...
Arida Ricardo M - - 2008
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most important direct epilepsy-related cause of death. Additionally, potential pathomechanisms for SUDEP is unknown, but it is very probable that cardiac arrhythmia during and between seizures, electrolyte disturbances, arrhythmogenic drugs or transmission of epileptic activity via the autonomic nervous system to the ...
Stack Austin G - - 2008
PURPOSE: Epidemiologic studies of physical activity among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are lacking. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of physical activity among new dialysis patients in the United States. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported limitations in physical activity and ...
Thompson Janice L - - 2009
Regular and goal-appropriate exercise is critical to improving and maintaining both health and performance. However, the frequency, intensity, duration and type of activities needed to optimise health or achieve successful sports performance will differ considerably depending on an individual's goals and capabilities. Although sport is one of many forms of ...
Janse Van Rensburg Kate K School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, St Luke's Campus, Exeter EX1 2LU, UK. - - 2009
Substances of misuse (such as nicotine) are associated with increases in activation within the mesocorticolimbic brain system, a system thought to mediate the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse. Pharmacological treatments have been designed to reduce cigarette cravings during temporary abstinence. Exercise has been found to be an effective tool ...
Pahkala Katja K University of Turku, Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, Turku, Finland. - - 2008
Exercise training improves endothelial function in high-risk adolescents, but the influence of habitual leisure-time physical activity on endothelial function in healthy adolescents is unknown. Brachial artery flow-mediated endothelial function and physical activity habits were assessed in 483 adolescents (13 years of age) participating in an atherosclerosis prevention study (Special Turku ...
Hagströmer Maria - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the impact of organized weekly exercise for 13 weeks on aerobic fitness, objectively assessed habitual physical activity and body weight in obese adolescents. METHODS: After inclusion and diagnostic evaluation, the adolescents were randomized to either an exercise group or to a ...
Greve Patrícia - - 2009
Physical activity programs adapted to the elderly have been proposed with the purpose of minimizing the alterations provoked by aging. These programs usually present break periods of more than 30 days, at least once a year. The aim of this study was to verify if 30-day interruptions cause alterations in ...
Boon R M - - 2010
Validation of instruments used to measure physical activity patterns is essential when attempting to assess the effectiveness of physical activity interventions. To assess the validity of two self-report physical activity questionnaires on a representative sample of New Zealand adults. 70 adults aged 18-65 years from around Christchurch, New Zealand were ...
Besson Hervé H Epidemiology Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to describe the association of the overall and domain-specific physical activity on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. A large body of epidemiological evidence suggests a strong and consistent inverse association between physical activity and mortality risk. However, it is unclear how this association varies according ...
Ablah Elizabeth - - 2009
Obesity and lack of physical activity are an increasing problem. In addition to common barriers to physical activity, people with epilepsy also face fear of exercise-induced seizures, medication side effects, and, often, confusing advice regarding the safety of exercise. To explore barriers faced by people with epilepsy, we mailed a ...
Rand Debbie - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accelerometers are a unique tool used to objectively measure free-living physical activity, but their reliability for people with stroke has not been established. The primary aim was to assess the day-to-day reliability of these instruments for the paretic and nonparetic hips. The secondary aims were to measure ...
Kimura Akira - - 2008
This study evaluates the effect of active implementation of the amount of physical activity on the double product (DP) in senior disabled individuals. Our study included 20 hemiplegic patients comprising an intervention group (IG; n = 10) who performed prescribed exercises daily for 12 weeks and a control group (CG; ...
Nilsson C U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) is an anticoagulant that can be used for treatment of patients with severe sepsis. The use of rhAPC is accompanied by an increased risk of severe bleeding. Rotational thromboelastometry is a method for measuring the status of the coagulation. The aim of the ...
Fujikura Junko - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to obtain baseline data for a school-based food nutrition education on "how snacks should be eaten". The subjects were 704 fifth-graders (371 boys, 333 girls) from all the primary schools in Sakado City who participated in the study in November 2006. They completed a ...
BuciƄski Adam - - 2009
Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) studies of antifungal activity against Candida albicans of a large series of new pyridine derivatives were conducted with the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs). The application of ANNs has been provided with respect to the prediction of antimicrobial potency of new pyridine derivatives based on ...
King Wendy C WC Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA. - - 2008
Bariatric surgery candidates' physical activity (PA) level might contribute to the variability of weight loss and body composition changes following bariatric surgery. However, there is little research describing the PA of patients undergoing bariatric surgery to inform PA recommendations in preparation for, and following, surgery. We describe the PA assessment ...
Davies Sarah - - 2008
This study investigates the management of physical activity in young inpatients with anorexia nervosa. Through telephone interviews and postal surveys inpatient units across the UK were asked about written documents regarding physical activity management, how they viewed healthy exercise, how they assessed physical fitness to engage in activity, the management ...
Dodson Elizabeth A EA Saint Louis University School of Public Health/ Community Health, Prevention Research Center, Department of Community Health, 3545 Lafayette Ave, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA. - - 2008
To examine the association of worksite policies and environments to physical activity. Between 2001 and 2003, 977 adults from Missouri, Tennessee, and Arkansas participated in two random-digit-dialed telephone surveys regarding physical activity behaviors and worksite policies supporting physical activity. Logistic regression was used to investigate relationships between meeting national physical ...
Mancuso Theresa - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the use of paraffin and active hand exercises would improve activity and participation in persons with scleroderma. In this series of three single case studies, participants used paraffin and performed active hand exercises daily for eight weeks. To assess hand function, ...
Gomis M - - 2009
In haemophiliacs, the physical condition, muscular strength, aerobic resistance, anaerobic resistance and proprioception have all diminished. Muscle atrophy and instability, being more vulnerable to stressful motor demands, increase the risk of lesion and establish a vicious circle that is hard to break: pain, immobility, atrophy, articular instability and repeated bleeding ...
Netz Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether physical-activity patterns over a period of 4 years are associated with well-being. DESIGN: A sample of 399 women aged 50-60 years participated in the study. Measures included rate of physical activity and other life style behaviors, well-being, health status, and interpersonal stress. Sufficient and insufficient exercisers ...
Södergren Marita - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have reported low levels of physical activity among immigrant women. However, few studies have attempted to explore possible causes underlying this phenomenon. This study intended to explore immigrant women's attitudes and experiences of physical activity and exercise. The ultimate goal was to find methods that can increase ...
McGill Rita L - - 2008
Tunneled hemodialysis catheters require a "locking solution" between treatments to prevent catheter thrombosis. Heparin locks can be unsafe in patients with life-threatening bleeding diathesis because of unintentional anticoagulation. This study was designed to define the hematologic consequences of using tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) as an alternative locking solution after heparin-free ...
Malina Robert M - - 2008
In the broad sense, modern humans have lived in an environment in which physical activity and associated movement skills were central, especially in the context of physical competition with other animals. The physically active lifestyle of earlier human populations has been emphasized, especially the cardiovascular endurance component and energy expenditure, ...
Kerr Jacqueline - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships among exercise aids available at home, physical activity, and perceived neighborhood safety. METHODS: Physical activity was assessed using the 7-d recall interview for adolescents (n = 878) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire for parents (n = 853). Parents reported exercise aids such as fitness ...
Scott Emma J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Attitudes may influence behaviour through both deliberative and automatic processes. To investigate the automatic influences of attitudes, this study explores the accessibility of modally salient beliefs about physical activity outcomes using response latency measures. DESIGN: Response latencies for modally salient beliefs for physically activity outcomes were compared with latencies ...
Eiholzer Urs - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine physical activity in healthy boys and how physical activity relates to training and daily awake hours. STUDY DESIGN: In 66 boys (5 to 15 years) affiliated with an ice-hockey club, we measured total daily energy expenditure (TDEE, doubly-labeled water) and basal metabolic rate (ventilated-hood method). Physical activity ...
Lívia Cardoso Rosinha
The benefits of performing resistance exercises are long known, and the participation on this type of exercise by Multiple Sclerosis patients is not contra-indicated if properly oriented and supervised. However, participation in such exercises and in physical activity in general promotes fear and insecurity in these patients. The aim of ...
Shuval Kerem - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Despite low levels of physical activity among Arabs in Israel, interventions designed to increase physical activity in this population have been scarce. To improve our understanding of the cultural, religious, and environmental barriers and enablers to physical activity, we conducted a qualitative study among Arab Israeli college students in ...
Kendzor Darla E - - 2008
Researchers have hypothesized that physical activity may be beneficial for individuals attempting to reduce their alcohol consumption, although few studies have actually tested this relationship. The purpose of the present study was to describe the physical activity of 620 male veterans enrolled in a treatment intervention study for heavy drinkers, ...
Phipps Etienne - - 2010
The work site has been identified as an ideal context for promoting physical activity. Assessing employee interest, identifying who could most benefit, and understanding impact of work-related barriers on potential participation is key. We conducted focus groups and surveyed the employee population of a large urban hospital. Using the "stages ...
Giada Franco - - 2008
Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory studies have provided definitive evidence that physical activity is able to improve fitness and reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Moreover, physical exercise also seems to significantly reduce the risk of developing other chronic diseases such as obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes, tumours and depression. Promoting physical activity in ...
Weidinger Karrisa A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Exercise counseling by primary care physicians has been shown to improve physical activity in patients. However, the prevalence and effectiveness of physician counseling is unknown in rural populations that are at increased risk for chronic diseases. METHODS: Using a population-based telephone survey at baseline and again at 1-year follow-up, ...
Lee Ling-Ling - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Only a fifth of older people undertake a level of physical activity sufficient to lead to health benefit. Misconceptions about the ageing process and beliefs about the costs and benefits of exercise in late life may result in unnecessary self-imposed activity restriction. Thus, adhering to a physical activity can ...
Harris T J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess physical activity (PA) levels measured objectively using accelerometers in community-dwelling older people and to examine the associations with health, disability, anthropometric measures and psychosocial factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Single general practice (primary care centre), United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Random selection of 560 community-dwelling older people at least ...
Rooney Brenda - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: "Minutes in Motion" (MIM) was a community-based exercise challenge designed to recruit a large number of people to increase their physical activity for 6 weeks. We examined participant characteristics that improved the likelihood of success. METHODS: This program challenged community members to engage in 30 minutes of physical activity ...
Giada Franco - - 2008
Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory studies have provided definitive evidence that physical activity is able to improve fitness and reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Moreover, physical exercise also seems to significantly reduce the risk of developing other chronic diseases such as obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes, tumours and depression. Promoting physical activity in ...
Busch Angela J - - 2008
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a serious and debilitating condition, encompassing a wide range of symptoms. Physical therapists often advocate the incorporation of leisure time physical activity (exercise training or recreational physical activity) as an important management strategy for individuals with FM. Decisions about physical activity prescription in clinical practice are informed ...
King Keith A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Social support can influence physical activity among some individuals. This study examined the effect that social support has on adolescents' physical activity and their perceived barriers and benefits to exercising. METHODS: A survey was completed by adolescents (N = 535) at 2 single-sex (1 male, 1 female) high schools ...
Rubin D A - - 2008
Habitual physical activity and chronic exercise may positively influence circulating cytokines in youth as in adults. The purpose of this study was to determine if adolescents reporting higher amounts of physical activity had a better cytokine profile independent of weight status. We compared the concentrations of cytokines in highly active ...
Metzger Jesse S - - 2008
PURPOSE: We used latent class analysis (LCA) to assess patterns of physical activity among adults, using the 7 d of accelerometer data from the 2003-2004 NHANES. METHODS: For each participant, we determined the daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA), and minutes of MVPA that occurred ...
Abshire Thomas - - 2008
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) appears to be safe when used for its licensed indication of congenital and acquired hemophilia A or B with inhibitors. One should carefully consider the clinical indication for which the agent is used when patient risk factors are present that might predispose the subject to ...
Wells Greg D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To understand potential benefits of exercise in the cystic fibrosis (CF) population, there needs to be accurate methods to quantify it. The Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES) questionnaire has been shown to be a feasible tool to measure physical activity however the reliability and validity have yet to be ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2008
Epidemiologic studies support an inverse and robust relationship between physical activity (PA) and mortality risk, even after adjusting for potential confounding factors. The authors have reported 13% lower mortality risk for every 1-MET (metabolic equivalent) increase in exercise capacity. For those with an exercise capacity >7 METs, the mortality risk ...
Sawchuk Craig N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is common among older populations and American Indians. Our objective was to compare two methods for increasing physical activity and walking among American Indian elders. METHODS: We conducted a two arm randomized trial to increase physical activity in 125 American Indians aged 50-74 years at the Seattle ...
Snook Erin M - - 2008
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with a large reduction in physical activity behavior, and emerging evidence indicates that this reduction might be correlated with symptoms and self-efficacy. The present study examined the nature of the associations among MS-related symptoms, exercise self-efficacy, and physical activity behavior in 80 individuals with a ...
De Cocker Katrien A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical activity (PA) reported through pedometer registrations (step counts) with PA reported in four different questionnaires; to compare step count thresholds (7,500, 10,000 and 12,500 steps/d) with the PA guideline of 30 min of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) per day. SUBJECTS: A sample of 310 healthy ...
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