Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1053
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Huebschmann Amy G - - 2009
Regular exercise is a cornerstone of diabetes treatment; however, people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are commonly sedentary. It is possible that a harder rate of perceived exertion (RPE) during exercise for those with T2D as compared with nondiabetics may be a barrier to physical activity. This study examined RPE ...
Assunção Ada Avila - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between regular physical activity and the prevalence of dysphonia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 3142 teachers from 129 municipal public schools in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The dependent variable, dysphonia, was classified (absent or present) ...
Joyner Michael J - - 2009
In humans, exercise training and moderate to high levels of physical activity are protective against cardiovascular disease. In fact they are 40% more protective than predicted based on the changes in traditional risk factors (blood lipids, hypertension, diabetes etc.) that they cause. In this review, we highlight the positive effects ...
Bulley Catherine - - 2009
Understanding was sought of the ways that female students understand and feel about physical activity and exercise participation, to inform effective and ethical intervention. Sixteen women participated in semi-structured interviews which were analysed thematically, using QSR NUD*IST 4. Physical activity and exercise proved emotive topics and meant different things to ...
Berry Tanya - - 2009
We examined the automatic activation of "sedentary" and "exerciser" stereotypes using a social prime Stroop task. Results showed significantly slower response times between the exercise words and the exercise control words and between the sedentary words and the exercise control words when preceded by an attractive exerciser prime. Words preceded ...
Aniza I - - 2009
Physical activity is the first line approach and one of the main factors in preventing chronic diseases. Currently there is the increasing percentage of sedentary life style or lack of exercise among adolescents. The main objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of inactivity and the factors influencing ...
Sa?udo B - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study has two main aims, firstly to define subgroups of women affected by fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) based on symptoms and secondly to determine cardiovascular parameters in treadmill exercises in order to prescribe physical activity. METHODS: Thirty-two women (age= 53.26+/-6.61 yr) were assigned to two different groups based on ...
French Michael T - - 2009
Investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and physical activity because understanding whether there are common determinants of health behaviors is critical in designing programs to change risky activities. Cross-sectional analysis. United States. A sample of adults representative of the U.S. population (N = 230,856) from the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor ...
Sucker Christoph - - 2010
Rotation thrombelastography (ROTEM) provides a whole blood assay that allows the assessment of plasmic- and platelet-related hemostasis in a single-step procedure. In our current study, we focused on the capability of the method to detect hemostatic alterations induced by physical exercise, enrolling 33 healthy participants of the Dusseldorf Marathon 2006. ...
Müller Jan - - 2009
AIMS: Patients with congenital heart disease usually show diminished exercise capacity and quality of life. However, there is only little information about daily activity, a marker for lifestyle, exercise capacity, and the prevention of arteriosclerosis. This study investigated exercise capacity, quality of life, daily activity, and their interaction with univentricular ...
Schneider Margaret - - 2009
Research has shown that frontal brain activation, assessed via electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry, predicts the post-exercise affective response to exercise among adults. Building on this evidence, the present study investigates the utility of resting cortical asymmetry for explaining variance in the affective response both during and after exercise at two different ...
Sweet Shane N - - 2009
This study was set out to test if autonomous motivation mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and 12-month physical activity (PA) in adults with type 2 diabetes involved in a randomized exercise trial. Participants (n = 234) completed questionnaires measuring barrier self-efficacy at 3 months, autonomous motivation at 6 months, and ...
Inzitari Marco - - 2009
Although physical activity (PA) is universally recommended, most adults are not regular exercisers. Interactive video dance is a novel form of PA in widespread use among young adults, but interest among adults is not known. Postmenopausal women are an appropriate target for interventions to promote PA because they have an ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2009
Exercise is well known to result in changes of brain cortical activity measured by EEG. The aim of this study was (1) to localise exercise induced changes in brain cortical activity using a distributed source localisation algorithm and (2) to show that the effects of exercise are linked to participants' ...
Stroud N - - 2009
The importance of physical activity as a modifiable risk factor for stroke in particular and cardiovascular disease in general is well documented. The effect of exercise on stroke severity and stroke outcomes is less clear. This study aimed to assess that effect. Data collected for patients enrolled in the Ischemic ...
Debate Rita DiGioacchino - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess psychometric properties of the Commitment to Physical Activity Scale (CPAS). METHODS: Girls in third to fifth grades (n = 932) completed the CPAS before and after a physical activity intervention. Psychometric measures included internal consistency, factor analysis, and concurrent validity. RESULTS: Three CPAS factors emerged: values, attitudes, ...
Dunton Genevieve Fridlund - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Efforts to increase community levels of physical activity through the development of multiuse urban trails could be strengthened by information about factors predicting trail use. This study examined whether reasons for trail use predict levels of physical activity on urban trails. METHODS: Adults (N = 335) living within a ...
Hoegh Silje Vermedal - - 2010
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is an oligomeric calcium-dependent lectin with important roles in innate host defence against infectious microorganisms. Several studies have shown that patients with inflammatory lung disease have elevated levels of circulating SP-D, and serum SP-D has been suggested to be used as a biomarker for disease e.g. ...
Phillips Margaret - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine activity patterns and perceived barriers to exercise in ambulant people with neuromuscular disease compared with ambulatory controls. DESIGN: Prospective controlled parallel group design. SETTING: Outpatient clinic and community. SUBJECTS: Thirteen ambulatory people with neuromuscular disease and 18 ambulatory controls. MAIN MEASURES: Heart rates were recorded during sedentary ...
Hamiwka Lorraine A - - 2009
Participation in PA is often diminished in children with CKD. Limited research exists on exercise tolerance/capacity but no studies to date have investigated lifestyle PA and its determinants in these children. The aim of this study was to investigate level of PA and potential physiological and psychological associations in a ...
Mansi Ishak A - - 2009
: Maintenance of healthy body weight is a function of total energy expenditure including household and workplace activity. Light to moderate physical activity has been found to be effective in motivating sedentary and obese individuals, and is at least as effective as structured exercise in lowering weight in some studies. ...
Gordon Elisa J - - 2009
We investigated kidney transplant recipients' self-reported levels of exercise and fluid intake. We also examined attitudes about, barriers to undertaking, and strategies used to initiate and maintain adequate self-care for fluid intake, exercise and dietary practices. A qualitative approach was used and supplemented by quantitative data to examine self-care among ...
Sloane Richard R The Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2009
The primary study aim was to evaluate associations of estimated weekly minutes of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity exercise from self-reports of the telephone-administered 7-Day Physical Activity Recall (7-Day PAR) with data captured by the RT3 triaxial accelerometer. This investigation was undertaken as part of the FRESH START study, a randomized clinical trial that ...
Berry Tanya R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to replicate a study that examined how message framing and ease of imagination interact to influence attitudes towards the prevention of heart disease through physical activity and a healthy diet. Changes were made such that only physical activity behaviour was profiled and assessed ...
Sugiyama Takemi - - 2009
Studies have identified various environmental factors associated with physical activity. However, mixed findings have been reported on environment correlates of physical activity for recreation. Using a sample of Australian adults (n=2194), we examined perceived environmental attributes associated with recreational physical activity or exercise taking place on neighbourhood streets, which are ...
Menzel Kathleen - - 2009
Increased age is associated with a higher risk of thrombotic events. The aim of this study was to investigate the age-related changes in hemostasis before and after moderate exercise controlled by individual anaerobic threshold as recommended for rehabilitation training. In this study, 24 young (25 +/- 1 years) and 24 ...
Cumming Sean P - - 2009
The main purpose of this pilot study was to examine the relations between estimated biological maturity status, body size, and leisure-time exercise behaviour in British Year 9 students. Estimated biological maturity status and body size were assessed in 103 male and 82 female students aged 13-15 years (mean 14.04 years, ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2009
Some of the benefits of physical activity may result from effects on hemostasis. However, the increased burden of cardiovascular complications and sudden death occurring during and immediately after exercise prompts investigation to elucidate the biological relationship between physical exercise and hemostatic function. Although both the hemostatic and fibrinolytic systems are ...
Huang Sheu-Jen - - 2009
A web-based, stage-matched message intervention was designed in order to see the effect on the physical activity of young Taiwanese women with regard to several variables. The intervention was guided by the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) and was evaluated using a pre-post-test control group design. One hundred thirty female freshmen, enrolled ...
Paluska Scott A - - 2009
Sports medicine clinicians may encounter a wide variety of activity-related gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. The advancing ages and burgeoning obesity rates of the US population have generally increased the prevalence of GI conditions among adults. However, conditioned younger athletes with normal body mass indices also may experience disquieting activity-related GI disorders. ...
Shephard Roy J - - 2009
There are many good reasons to advise regular and adequate physical activity: longevity seems extended by up to 2 years, and the risk of a wide range of chronic disorders is substantially reduced. However, from the viewpoint of the overall, quality-adjusted lifespan, perhaps the most important reason is the ability ...
Brantsaeter A L - - 2010
We compared the self-reported frequency of recreational exercise and corresponding metabolic equivalent (MET)-minutes with physical activity measured with a position and motion sensor in pregnant women. One hundred and twelve women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) completed questions about weekly participation in recreational exercise by week ...
Boardman Angela M - - 2011
Two communications campaigns (a "standard" campaign and an "enhanced" campaign linked to a physical activity opportunity) are evaluated to increase physical activity among people with arthritis. A pre- (n = 295) and post- (n = 806) intervention random sample telephone survey is conducted in two cities to measure the population ...
Giacomini Pier Giorgio - - 2009
The aim of this study was to report some clinical cases suggesting a possible correlation between benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and intense physical activity. Out of 430 BPPV cases referred to our out-patients clinic, 9 patients, showing symptoms of BPPV arising after an intense period of physical activity, were ...
Green Bart N - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature and other authoritative sources for recommendations regarding the appropriateness of physical and sporting activity for those with scoliosis. The literature was systematically searched in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Index ...
Alla Sridhar - - 2010
Concussion is a common injury in collision sports and is evidenced by a variety of signs and symptoms. The recording of neurological symptoms is an important component of screening for a concussion and in return-to-play decisions. However similar symptoms are prevalent in the general population and are reported to be ...
Midtgaard Julie - - 2009
Physical activity is considered an important and determining factor for the cancer patient's physical well-being and quality of life. However, cancer treatment may disrupt the practice of physical activity, and the prevention of sedentary lifestyles in cancer survivors is imperative. The current study aimed at investigating self-reported physical activity behaviour, ...
Dua Jaspal S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is associated with a range of health benefits; however the influence of regular exercise training on exercise capacity and quality of life in adults with congenital heart disease [ACHD] has not been previously reported. METHODS: Prospective study of patients attending the ACHD clinic in a supra-regional ...
Chang Min Chul - - 2009
Active execution, proprioception, and touch discrimination are important for the execution of movement. In the current study, we attempted to compare the cortical activation patterns of active exercise, proprioceptive input, and touch stimulation in the normal human brain using functional MRI. Nine subjects were recruited for this study. Functional MRI ...
Johnson Connie C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Analyze evidence of the benefits of physical activity for youth with developmental disabilities. DATA SOURCES: Key word searches for "disability," "physical activity," "exercise," "fitness," and "sport" in major databases. A total of 3263 citations was found. STUDY INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Systematic reviews and articles about studies quantitatively examining the effects ...
Silva Maicon F - - 2009
In this study the influence of moderate or intense physical exercise, alone or in combination with the consumption of a soya product fermented with Enterococcus faecium, on the development of colon cancer induced chemically in rats with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), was investigated. Eighty male Wistar SPF rats were randomly allocated to ...
Thompson Angela M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the accumulated minutes of objectively measured physical activity in 1,790 boys and girls in Grades 3, 7, and 11 classified as healthy weight, at risk of overweight, and overweight. METHODS: Height and weight were measured and body mass index calculated. Minutes of sedentary, light, moderate, hard, ...
Dumith Samuel C - - 2009
The purpose of this study, based on a systematic literature review, was to describe the prevalence of physical activity (or inactivity) in the Brazilian population. The databases consulted were: LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Google Scholar portal. The terms 'physical activity', 'physical exercise', 'physical inactivity', 'sedentary' 'Brazil', ...
Ham Sandra A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Given the evidence that regular physical activity produces substantial health benefits, participation in sports, exercise, and recreation is widely encouraged. The objective of this study was to describe participation in sports, exercise, and recreational physical activities among US adults. METHODS: Data from 2 national surveys of respondents age 18 ...
Egerton Thorlene - - 2009
This study aimed to determine whether physical activity similar to daily living results in signs and sensations of fatigue in healthy old, balance-impaired old, and healthy young adults. Sensations of general tiredness, leg tiredness, knee-extension and hip-abduction strength, and temporospatial gait variables were measured before, immediately after, and up to ...
Nielsen Vance G - - 2009
Warfarin therapy has served as the backbone of chronic anticoagulation therapy for decades to prevent thrombotic morbidity secondary to blood-biomaterial interfaces. Unfortunately, thrombotic and bleeding complications are observed despite maintenance of therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) values. We proposed to define the effects of warfarin therapy on thrombus growth and ...
Johnson Isabel - - 2009
AIMS: Strong epidemiological evidence indicates that physical activity is highly beneficial for health. To follow physical activity trends and correctly target interventions, feasible, reliable and valid assessment methods are needed. This paper examines Swedish women's understanding and interpretations of the concepts of physical activity and exercise, as well as different ...
Cobo Pedro - - 2009
The performance of hybrid passive-active absorbers at normal incidence has been previously demonstrated. However, their feasibility in realistic environments remains to be confirmed. This paper proposes a hybrid passive-active liner absorbing at oblique incidence. The passive absorber is a 2.44x2.44x1 mm(3) microperforated panel backed by a 5 cm deep air ...
Stroud Nicole M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare fatigue, depression and quality of life scores in persons with multiple sclerosis who do (Exercisers) and do not (Non-exercisers) regularly participate in physical activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study of 121 patients with MS (age 25-65 yr) living in Queensland, Australia ...
Thompson Dylan - - 2009
Physical activity (including exercise) is prescribed for health and there are various recommendations that can be used to gauge physical activity status. The objective of the current study was to determine whether twelve commonly-used physical activity recommendations similarly classified middle-aged men as sufficiently active for general health. We examined the ...
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