Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1053
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Booth F W - - 2010
The assigned title for the Lindhard presentation was to examine the future of genes, physical activity and health. The current review is a summary of this presentation. Caution is expressed that technology is improving so rapidly that a future view is limited to a few years as opposed to the ...
Buxbaum N P - - 2010
Boys with haemophilia are now encouraged to exercise and take part in physical activities, but actual measures of time spent in active participation is lacking. The aim of this study was to obtain an objective measure of daily physical activity in boys with haemophilia as compared with healthy controls. The ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2010
PURPOSE: The impact of exercise on brain function has gained broad interest. Because hemodynamic and imaging studies are difficult to perform during and after exercise, electroencephalography (EEG) is often the method of choice. Within this study, we aimed 1) to extend prior work examining changes in scalp-recorded brain electrical activity ...
Brand Serge - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Lay and scientific opinion alike hold that physical activity is efficient as both remedy and preventative measure for poor sleep. There is evidence that strenuous exercising of adolescent elite athletes leads to favourable sleep patterns. However, research on this in non-elite athletes is limited. The aim of the present ...
Perry Cynthia - - 2010
American Indian youth experience a greater prevalence of obesity compared with the general U.S. population. One avenue to reverse the trend toward increasing obesity prevalence is through promoting physical activity. The goal of this project was to understand tribal youths' current patterns of physical activity behavior and their beliefs and ...
Júnior Valdinar A R - - 2010
To investigate whether performing a low-intensity, single-joint exercises for knee extensors was an efficient strategy for increasing the number of motor units recruited in the vastus lateralis muscle during a subsequent multi-joint exercises. Nine healthy male participants (23.33+/-3.46 yrs) underwent bouts of exercise in which knee extension and 45 degrees ...
Manns Patricia J PJ Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. - - 2010
To explore the associations amongst the on-and-off kinetics time constants, ambulatory activity outcomes, and physical functional performance in stroke survivors. Cross-sectional, case control study. Ten stroke survivors (time since stroke: mean 7.5 years (standard deviation 8.3); gender: 4 males, 6 females) and 10 control subjects matched for age and physical ...
Pontarollo Francesco - - 2010
Electric field measurements of skin potential and electrical currents are physiological indicators of electrodermal activity (EDA) and have been associated with a variety of sensory, cognitive and emotional stimuli. The aim of this study was to investigate the EDA at some hand acupoints before, during and after a physical exercise. ...
Christensen Anne Friesgaard - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Variant collagen IIA is re-expressed in diseased cartilage. Low procollagen IIA N-peptide (PIIANP) levels in serum have recently been reported in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated circadian rhythmicity and effect of physical activity on PIIANP in early and longstanding RA and in healthy subjects. METHODS: Patients with early and ...
Rosenberg Michael - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of the introduction of daylight saving in Western Australia in December 2006 on when during the day adults engaged in physical activity. METHODS: In early December 2006, 1,300 Western Australian adults were telephoned and asked about how the introduction of daylight saving would influence when ...
Lindwall M - - 2010
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the exercise stereotype and the non-exerciser stereotype on male targets, and the moderating effects of impression motivation in 184 female and 73 male Swedish undergraduate students. The participants read a description of one of the following male targets: a typical exerciser, ...
Volkmann Elizabeth R - - 2010
To investigate the association between physical activity, functional activity of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and subclinical cardiovascular disease in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A total of 242 SLE patients (all women) participated in this cross-sectional study from February 2004 to February 2008. Carotid plaque and intima-media thickness (IMT), antioxidant ...
Rolland Yves - - 2010
There is increasing evidence to suggest that physical activity has a protective effect on brain functioning in older people. To date, no randomized controlled trial (RCT) has shown that regular physical activity prevents dementia, but recent RCTs suggests an improvement of cognitive functioning in persons involved in aerobic programs, and ...
Maher Carol A - - 2010
AIM: To determine the effectiveness of an 8-week internet-based, lifestyle physical-activity intervention for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A randomized controlled trial using concealed allocation with blinded assessments at baseline, 10, and 20 weeks. Forty-one adolescents with CP participated (26 males, 15 females; mean age 13y 7mo, SD 1y ...
Sasai Hiroyuki - - 2010
AIM: To examine the effects of vigorous physical activity (PA) on intra-abdominal fat (IF) levels in obese men. METHODS: Thirty-seven obese men (mean age: 47.6+/-8.6 years) engaged in a 12-week aerobic exercise program on a regular basis (3 days/week). We divided them into low volume of vigorous PA group (n=19) ...
Burns Richard W - - 2010
The importance of regular physical exercise in promoting health has been well established by several large, primarily observational studies over the past 25 years. Despite current government and specialty organization recommendations, many adult Americans are not engaged in any physical activity. This article will review current guidelines for exercise, some ...
Mäkinen Tomi E - - 2010
Physical inactivity has become a major public health problem and clear educational differences in physical activity have been reported across Europe and USA. The origins of adulthood physical activity are suggested to be in childhood and adolescence physical activity. Hardly any studies have, however, examined if the educational differences in ...
Hagobian Todd A - - 2010
Physical activity is an important contributor to regulation of energy balance and body composition. In this article, we separate the impact of exercise from the confounding influence of energy imbalance and highlight sex differences in hormonal and appetite responses to physical activity. The evolving story may influence our thinking regarding ...
Pisters Martijn F - - 2010
Question: Does behavioural graded activity result in better exercise adherence and more physical activity than usual care in people with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee? Design: Analysis of secondary outcomes of a cluster-randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. Participants: Two hundred patients with hip and/or ...
Rubin Daniela A - - 2010
Cytokines influence tissue and cell physiology in positive and negative ways. Our aim in this chapter is to briefly present on select cytokines and their relationship to disease, metabolic risk factors, and physical activity in youth. We discuss the association of adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), resistin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and ...
Hoffman Jay R - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acute and prolonged (4-weeks) ingestion of a supplement designed to improve reaction time and subjective measures of alertness, energy, fatigue, and focus compared to placebo. Nineteen physically-active subjects (17 men and 2 women) were randomly assigned to a group ...
Rose Elaine A - - 2010
At exercise intensities around ventilatory threshold (VT), the extent to which individuals experience pleasure or displeasure from the exercise varies between individuals. One source of this variability is proposed to be the cognitive appraisal that occurs during the exercise which influences the generation of the affective response. When individuals self-select ...
Dogra Shilpa - - 2010
Physical activity (PA) levels are known to be significantly lower in ethnic minority and immigrant groups living in North America and Europe compared to the general population. While there has been an increase in the number of interventions targeting these groups, little is known about their preferred modes of PA. ...
Shephard Roy J - - 2010
Interest in the influence of exercise upon the human white cell population dates back more than a 100 years. Thus, when introducing the third meeting of the International Society of Exercise Immunology in Brussels, Dr. Bente Klarlund-Pedersen noted that Schulte had already described an exercise-induced leukocytosis as early as 1893. ...
Bratland-Sanda Solfrid - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine self reported versus objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and different reasons for exercise, in patients with longstanding eating disorders (ED) when compared with controls. METHOD: Inpatient females (n = 59, mean 30.1 years) and nonclinical age matched controls (n = 53, mean 31.3 years) accepted participation ...
O'Sullivan Kieran - - 2010
Gluteus medius (GM) dysfunction is associated with many musculoskeletal disorders. Rehabilitation exercises aimed at strengthening GM appear to improve lower limb kinematics and reduce pain. However, there is a lack of evidence to identify which exercises best activate GM. In particular, as GM consists of three distinct subdivisions, it is ...
Pisters Martijn F - - 2010
Does behavioural graded activity result in better exercise adherence and more physical activity than usual care in people with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee? Analysis of secondary outcomes of a cluster-randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. Two hundred patients with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis. Experimental ...
Casey D - - 2010
To assess barriers and facilitators of participation in a supervised exercise programme, and adherence to exercise after programme completion. Focus group discussions addressed factors which could facilitate attendance, current engagement in exercise, reasons for continuing or discontinuing regular exercise and ways to integrate exercise into daily life. Three focus groups, ...
Brunton Laura K - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to describe (1) the types of exercise participation of adolescents with cerebral palsy; (2) the weekly duration of stretching, strengthening, and cardiovascular exercise; (3) how the level of activity compares with national health guidelines; and (4) the change in participation over 4 years. Participants ...
Suija Kadri - - 2010
Physical activity offers major health benefits and counselling for it should be integrated into the medical consultation. Based on the literature, the personal health behaviour of the physician (including physical activity) is associated with his/her approach to counselling patients. Our hypothesis is that family doctors (FD) in Estonia are physically ...
Ogawa Kishiko - - 2010
Aging is associated with low-grade inflammation. The benefits of regular exercise for the elderly are well established, whereas less is known about the impact of low-intensity resistance exercise on low-grade inflammation in the elderly. Twenty-one elderly women (mean age ± SD, 85.0 ± 4.5 years) participated in 12 weeks of ...
Dibble Leland E - - 2010
People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characterized by diminished quality of life, reduced functional mobility, declining performance in activities of daily living and worsening neurological impairments. While evidence has ...
Page Angie S AS Department of Exercise, Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2010
Independent mobility (IM) and perceptions of the built environment may relate differentially to children's participation in various physical activity contexts. This cross-sectional study investigated whether independent mobility and perceptions of the built environment in boys and girls were related to physical activity in three different contexts (outdoor play, structured exercise/sport, ...
Delgado Cynthia C Nephrology Section, San Francisco VA Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA. - - 2010
An evaluation of exercise counseling practices among nephrologists in 2001 demonstrated few clinicians assessing patients' levels of physical activity (PA) and counseling to increase activity. Recent Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) cardiovascular guidelines recommended that nephrologists counsel patients to increase PA. Our objective was to ascertain whether nephrologists' counseling ...
Pruitt Sandi L SL Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, - - 2010
Evidence of an association between employment and physical activity (PA) in youth has been mixed, with studies suggesting both positive and negative associations. We examined the association between employment and PA among U.S. high school students as measured by self-reported overall PA, vigorous exercise, and participation in school athletic teams. ...
Lee Myong-Woo MW Department of Biomedical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi, Republic of - - 2010
Recording a personal life log (PLL) of daily activities is an emerging technology for u-lifecare and e-health services. In this paper, we present an accelerometer-based personal life log system capable of human activity classification and exercise information generation. In our system, we use a tri-axial accelerometer and a real-time activity ...
Yanagisawa Hiroki - - 2010
A growing number of human studies have reported the beneficial influences of acute as well as chronic exercise on cognitive functions. However, neuroimaging investigations into the neural substrates of the effects of acute exercise have yet to be performed. Using multichannel functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we sought cortical activation related ...
de Souto Barreto Philipe - - 2010
Exercise and physical activity play an important role in physical frailty, but we do not know if they are markers, components and/or correlates of this syndrome. The purpose of this paper is briefly to discuss the potential roles played by physical activity and exercise on the development and progression of ...
Norton Kevin - - 2010
The terminology used for monitoring and promoting physical activity and exercise among health and fitness professionals varies considerably. There is a large array of descriptor terms reported in the literature and used in day-to-day practice and this inconsistency can be confusing for clients and practitioners alike. The variation in terminology ...
Lunn Peter D - - 2010
Recall data from a representative sample of 3080 adults in Ireland in 2003 is used to investigate transitions into and out of regular participation in sports and exercise--an important contributor to overall physical activity. The method produces a continuous picture of participation across the life-course, allowing key transition periods in ...
Adams Murray - - 2009
Thrombophilia refers to the increased tendency to form blood clots (thrombosis), which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Thrombosis is associated with various chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes, renal disorders, and cardiovascular disease. The incidence and associated complications of thrombosis are likely to increase significantly in the ...
Schneider Margaret - - 2009
Many adolescents do not meet public health recommendations for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In studies of variables influencing adolescent MVPA, one that has been understudied is the affective response to exercise. We hypothesized that adolescents with a more positive affective response to acute exercise would be more active. Adolescents (N ...
O'Dougherty Maureen - - 2009
It is important to know how physical activity is incorporated in women's lives to assess ways they can feasibly attain and maintain lifelong healthy practices. This study aimed to determine whether patterns of activity differed among young women whose physical activity met nationally recommended levels from those who did not. ...
Beck Fay - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the impact of retirement on physical activity (PA) patterns. More specifically, the process of initiating and maintaining behaviour changes in PA were explored using a self-determination theory perspective. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore the formation of lifestyle habits post-retirement, and the role of PA ...
Dovio Andrea - - 2010
Intense physical exercise activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis but little is known about changes in glucocorticoid sensitivity at the target cell level. No data are available on the acute effects of exercise on 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 activity, which generates biologically active cortisol from inactive cortisone and is expressed also ...
Labriola Leanne T - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a case of an unusual retinopathy in an otherwise healthy 25-year-old marathon runner. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 25-year-old female marathon runner developed sudden onset of monocular vision loss during a routine training run. The retinal features included a large, central, subhyaloid hemorrhage, multiple intraretinal hemorrhages, disc ...
Calitri Raff - - 2009
The current study explored associations between previous physical activity and both implicit and explicit attitudes, as well as visual attention and activity motivation (intention). Analyses were performed on participants initially unaware of the physical activity focus of the study (N = 98). Higher levels of physical activity were associated with ...
Ishikawa-Takata Kazuko - - 2010
AIMS: To examine the appropriate type and frequency of physical activity for the beneficial effect on hypertension and hyperglycemia. METHODS: The incidence of hypertension and hyperglycemia was assessed using the results of annual physical checkups over 4 years for 5843 male employees aged 18-57 years old. Associations of different types ...
Andersson Jonas - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease but the mechanisms are still somewhat unclear. One possible pathway may be through the anti-inflammatory effects attributed to regular physical activity. Our primary aim was to study the effects of endurance physical exercise on C-reactive protein (CRP), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumor Necrosis ...
Turkbey E B - - 2010
To evaluate the association of physical activity with left ventricular structure and function in the general population in a community setting. Cross-sectional study. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a population-based study of subclinical atherosclerosis. A multiethnic sample of 4992 participants (aged 45-84 years; 52% female) free of clinically apparent ...
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