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Ling Chenyi C aDepartment of Kinesiology and Nutrition, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois bDepartment of Kinesiology, College of Health Professions, Temple University cInstitute of Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia dDepartment of Health and Exercise Physiology, Ursinus College, Collegeville eDepartment of Exercise Science, College of Education, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania fDepartment of Medicine, Columbia University, Medical Center, New York, New York gDepartment of Kinesiology, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri hDepartment of Biology, Notre Dame University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
The effects of exercise training on nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping status remain unclear. African Americans have the highest prevalence of nondippers compared with other racial/ethnic populations. In this 6-month study we tested the hypothesis that long-term aerobic exercise training would increase the levels of nocturnal BP dipping in African ...
Daley Amanda A Primary Care Clinical Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK, B15 - - 2014
Evidence suggests that many perimenopausal and early postmenopausal women will experience menopausal symptoms; hot flushes are the most common. Symptoms caused by fluctuating levels of oestrogen may be alleviated by hormone therapy (HT), but a marked global decline in its use has resulted from concerns about the risks and benefits ...
Langevin Pierre P Physio interactive Clinics, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, QC, - - 2014
Study Design Participants- and assessor-blinded randomised clinical trial. Objectives To compare a rehabilitation program thought to increase the size of the affected intervertebral foramen (IVF) to a rehabilitation program that doesn't include any specific techniques thought to increase the size of the IVF in patients presenting with cervical radiculopathy (CR). ...
Ruppar Todd M TM University of Missouri Sinclair School of Nursing, Columbia, MO, USA. - - 2014
To meta-analyze lipid outcomes from supervised exercise interventions among healthy adults. Comprehensive search strategies identified trials testing supervised exercise interventions in samples of healthy adults. Data were coded and analyzed using random effects meta-analysis methods. Moderator analyses explored whether design, sample, or intervention characteristics were linked with lipid outcomes. Data ...
Lee Ho Won HW Department of Urology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The number of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) subjects has been increasing worldwide, and many studies have been conducted to determine the treatment that can delay drug therapy or surgery. Subsequently, most of these studies involved physical activity (PA) and associated factors. Therefore, we aimed to determine factors associated with BPH ...
Slovinec D'Angelo Monika E - - 2014
Objectives: Poor adherence to regular exercise is a documented challenge among people with heart disease. Identifying key determinants of exercise adherence and distinguishing between the processes driving short- and long-term adherence to regular exercise is a valuable endeavor. The purpose of the present study was to test a model of ...
Spätjens Roel L H M G RL Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Mutations in KCNQ1, encoding for Kv7.1, the α-subunit of the IKs channel, cause long-QT syndrome type 1 (LQTS1), potentially predisposing patients to ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death, in particular during elevated sympathetic tone. Here we aim at characterizing the p.Lys557Glu (K557E) Kv7.1 mutation, identified in a Dutch kindred, at ...
van Rensburg Dina Christina Janse DC From the Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa (DCJvR, AJvR, CCG); Jacaranda Hospital, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa (EMvD); and Exercise SMART, University of Pretoria, South Africa (DCJvR, AJvR, - - 2014
Exercise-induced iliac artery endofibrosis is a recently described abnormality of the external iliac artery that typically affects younger, healthy endurance athletes. Characteristic of the initially termed cyclist's iliac syndrome is lower limb pain during exercise with rapid recovery after exercise. This clinically complicated case describes an older female long-distance runner ...
Skriver Kasper K Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark; Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken, DK-2300 Copenhagen N, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have recently shown that a single bout of acute cardiovascular exercise improves motor skill learning through an optimization of long-term motor memory. Here we expand this previous finding, to explore potential exercise-related biomarkers and their association with measures of motor memory and skill acquisition. Thirty-two healthy young male subjects ...
Greaney Jody L JL Pennsylvania State University - - 2014
Cardiovascular mortality increases in cold weather in older adults, and physical activity may impart even greater cardiovascular risk than cold exposure alone. Human aging is associated with exaggerated pressor responses to whole-body cooling; however, the sympathetic response to cold stress alone and in combination with isometric exercise is unknown. We ...
DiVencenzo Hannah R HR a Exercise Science Program, School of Human Movement, Sport and Leisure Studies , Bowling Green State University , Bowling Green, OH , - - 2014
Many occupations require the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) but the added metabolic demands are unknown for certain professions. The purpose of this study was to quantify metabolic and perceptual differences between activity with and without the PPE ensemble required for police officers. Twelve participants were asked to complete ...
Fisher James Peter JP a Southampton Solent University, East Park Terrace, Southampton, - - 2014
Pre-exhaustion (PreEx) training is advocated on the principle that immediately preceding a compound exercise with an isolation exercise can target stronger muscles to pre-exhaust them to obtain greater adaptations in strength and size. However, research considering PreEx training method is limited. The present study looked to examine the effects of ...
Wang Jing J Institute of Vascular Medicine, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Science, S.H. Ho Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke Centre, and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
We assessed the left ventricular (LV) and peripheral performance at rest and during exercise in healthy and heart failure subjects with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) or with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). All subjects received echocardiography at rest and with bicycle Ergometer exercise. The exercise images for two-dimensional speckle tracking were ...
Iellamo Ferdinando F Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico San Raffaele Pisana, Roma, Italy; Dipartimento di Medicina dei Sistemi, Università Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise prescription in cardiac patients is based on heart rate (HR) response to exercise. How to prescribe long-term exercise training outside medically-supervised settings also considering changes in individual physical capacity over time is unknown. In this study we hypothesized that in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) the session-rate of ...
Imai Atsushi A Research associate, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama, - - 2014
Trunk exercises, such as trunk stabilization exercises (SE) and conventional trunk exercises (CE), are performed to improve static or dynamic balance. Recently, trunk exercises have also been often used as part of warm-up programs. A few studies have demonstrated the immediate effects of SE and CE on static balance. However, ...
Andrade Chittaranjan C Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India - - 2014
Hypotheses may be generated (and conclusions drawn) from observational studies in areas where information from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is unavailable. However, observational studies can only establish that significant associations exist between predictor and outcome variables. Observational studies cannot establish that the associations identified represent cause-and-effect relationships. This article discusses ...
Brito L C LC Laboratório de Hemodinâmica da Atividade Motora, Departamento de Biodinâmica do Movimento do Corpo Humano, Escola de Educação Física e Esporte, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Due to differences in study populations and protocols, the hemodynamic determinants of post-aerobic exercise hypotension (PAEH) are controversial. This review analyzed the factors that might influence PAEH hemodynamic determinants, through a search on PubMed using the following key words: "postexercise" or "post-exercise" combined with "hypotension", "blood pressure", "cardiac output", and ...
Studer Bruengger Annina A AA Department of Cardiology, Stadtspital Triemli, Zurich, - - 2014
The response of diastolic Doppler indices to exercise is not well defined for young subjects. The aims of this study were to evaluate this in nonathletic and endurance-trained probands and to correlate echocardiographic data with maximal oxygen consumption. In this prospective study, Doppler echocardiography was performed at rest and after ...
Goldberger Jeffrey J JJ Center for Cardiovascular Innovation and the Division of Cardiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart rate (HR) and RR interval are inversely related. The purpose of this study was to determine which parameter better describes the autonomic changes that occur after exercise and which provides stronger prognostic significance. Healthy volunteers (n = 33) underwent sequential bicycle exercise tests with selective autonomic blockade during exercise ...
Celenay Seyda Toprak ST Ahi Evran University, School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Kirsehir, - - 2014
Spinal posture and mobility are significant for protecting spine. The aim was to compare effects of different postural training interventions on spinal posture and mobility. Ninety-six university students (ages: 18-25 years) were allocated into Electrical Stimulation (ES) (n=24), Exercise (n=24), Biofeedback Posture Trainer (Backtone) (n=24), and Postural Education (n=24, Controls) ...
Hanna Mina E ME Stanford - - 2014
Age is known to induce remodeling and stiffening of large conduit arteries; however, little is known of the effects of age on remodeling and mechanical properties of coronary resistance arteries. We employed a rat model of aging to investigate whether 1) age increases wall thickness and stiffness of coronary resistance ...
Banoujaafar Hayat H Unité INSERM U1093 Cognition, Action et Plasticité Sensorimotrice, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, - - 2014
We investigated the contribution of blood flow elevation in the cerebrovasculature to physical training-induced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels elevation in the brain. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein levels were measured in the motor cortex 24 h after the last session of a forced treadmill walking (30 minutes a day, 18 m/minute for 7 ...
Brandner C R CR Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, - - 2014
Light-load exercise training with blood flow restriction (BFR) increases muscle strength and size. However, the hemodynamics of BFR exercise appear elevated compared with non-BFR exercise. This questions the suitability of BFR in special/clinical populations. Nevertheless, hemodynamics of standard prescription protocols for BFR and traditional heavy-load exercise have not been compared. ...
Bibas Lior L Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada; Division of Cardiology, McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
The body of literature for frailty as a prognostic marker continues to grow, yet the evidence for frailty as a therapeutic target is less well defined. In the setting of cardiovascular disease, the prevalence of frailty is elevated and its impact on mortality and major morbidity is substantial. Therapeutic interventions ...
Røksund Ola Drange OD Department of Pediatrics, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021, Bergen, Norway, - - 2014
Exercise-induced shortness of breath is not uncommon in otherwise healthy young people. Based on the presenting symptoms alone, it is challenging to distinguish exercise-induced asthma (EIA) from exercise-induced obstruction of central airways, sometimes leading to diagnostic errors and inadequate treatment. Central airway obstruction usually presents with exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms (EIIS) ...
Cucato Gabriel Grizzo GG 1Albert Einstein Israelite Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil. 2School of Physical Education and Sports, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil 3School of Physical Education, Pernambuco University, Pernambuco, Brazil 4Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 5School of Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United - - 2014
To investigate the acute effect of intermittent walking exercise (WE) on blood pressure (BP) responses in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). Secondly, to gain an improved insight into the physiological mechanisms controlling BP regulation following intermittent WE in this patient group. Twenty patients with IC participated in two experimental sessions ...
Yang Woo-In WI Department of Cardiology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
An exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response to exercise is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes, even in normotensive individuals. The purpose of this study was to compare myocardial function between normotensive individuals with and without an exaggerated BP response. We evaluated global myocardial function using speckle tracking echocardiography in normotensive individuals. ...
Kanegusuku Hélcio H Exercise Hemodynamic Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The effects of high-intensity progressive resistance training (HIPRT) on cardiovascular function and autonomic neural regulation in older adults are unclear. To investigate this issue, 25 older adults were randomly divided into two groups: control (CON, N = 13, 63 ± 4 years - no training) and HIPRT (N = 12, ...
Poton R R Research Group of Cardiovascular Response and Exercise, Londrina State University,Londrina, Parana, PR, Brazil - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare hemodynamic responses during low--intensity resistance exercise, with (LI--BFR) and without (LI) blood flow restriction, with high--intensity resistance exercise (HI). In a randomized crossover design, 17healthy subjects performed 3 sets (15 repetitions, 20% 1RM, 45 s rest interval between sets) of 45o bilateral ...
Souza Diego D a Department of Physical Education , Londrina State University , Londrina , - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the effect of caffeine on hemodynamics after a resistance exercise session. Fifteen subjects completed two randomly ordered experimental resistance exercise sessions 45 min after the ingestion of either caffeine (4 mg.kg(-1)) or placebo. Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and mean (MAP) blood pressures were measured before ...
Kim Hyeong-Dong HD Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Korea University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Tai Chi (TC)-based exercise on dynamic postural control during obstacle negotiation by subjects with mild or moderate Parkinson's disease (PD). [Subjects] Twelve subjects (mean age, 65.3±6.1 years) diagnosed with idiopathic PD were enrolled for this study. [Methods] All the ...
Lizamore Catherine Anne CA 1Lincoln University, Christchurch, New Zealand; 2Massey University, Wellington New Zealand; 3University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; 4University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
An association between arterial health and peak oxygen consumption (V˙O2peak) has been demonstrated, however little is known about how arterial health influences muscular oxygenation during exercise. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the relationships between arterial health, V˙O2peak and muscle oxygenation in a middle-aged sedentary population. ...
Georgantas Andreas A 1st Critical Care Medicine Department, Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing and Rehabilitation Laboratory (Drs Georgantas, Dimopoulos, Tasoulis, Karatzanos, Agapitou, Roditis, and Nanas) and 3rd Department of Cardiology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Drs Pantsios, Ntalianis, and Terrovitis), Athens, - - 2014
Exercise training induces several beneficial effects in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study investigated the effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (AIT) compared with combined AIT and strength training (COM) on early ventilatory and metabolic recovery pattern after symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in CHF patients. Stable CHF ...
McDonald Kelia G KG Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Sciences, Loyola Marymount University, LA, USA ; University Honors Program and the Department of Health and Human Sciences, Loyola Marymount University, - - 2014
The sympathetic nervous system dominates the regulation of body functions during exercise. Therefore after exercise, the sympathetic nervous system withdraws and the parasympathetic nervous system helps the body return to a resting state. In the examination of this relationship, the purpose of this study was to compare recovery heart rates ...
Foulds Heather J A HJ 1Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 2Experimental Medicine Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 3Physical Activity Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Unit, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Indigenous populations currently experience greater rates of cardiovascular disease. While ethnic differences in cardiovascular responses to exercise have previously been identified, these responses among Indigenous populations are unknown. This investigation aimed to evaluate the vascular responses to aerobic exercise among Canadian Indigenous and European adults. Twelve age- and sex-matched Indigenous ...
Bentley Robert F RF Queen's - - 2014
The primary objective of this study was to determine whether cardiovascular compensatory response phenotypes exist in the face of a reduced perfusion pressure challenge to exercising muscle oxygen delivery (O2D, and whether these responses might be exercise intensity (EI) dependent. Ten healthy male subjects (19.5 ±0.4 years) completed two trials ...
Bandera Francesco F Heart Failure Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milano, Milano, Italy - - 2014
-Several cardiovascular diseases are characterized by an impaired O2 kinetic during exercise. The lack of a linear increase of Δ oxygen consumption (VO2)/ΔWork Rate (WR) relation, as assessed by expired gas analysis, is considered an indicator of abnormal cardiovascular efficiency. We aimed at describing the frequency of ΔVO2/ΔWR flattening in ...
Watling Christopher N CN Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two commonly utilized sleepiness countermeasures: a nap break and an active rest break. The effects of the countermeasures were evaluated by physiological (EEG), subjective, and driving performance measures. Participants completed 2 h of simulated driving, followed by a 15-min nap ...
Flück Daniela D University of - - 2014
Middle cerebral artery mean velocity (MCAvmean) is attenuated with increasing age both at rest and during exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the age dependent reduction in arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) and physical fitness hereon. We administered supplemental CO2 (CO2 trial) or no additional gas ...
Yahalom Gilad G The Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorders Clinic, Department of Neurology and Sagol Neuroscience Center; Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
Cardiac sympathetic denervation is an early nonmotor feature of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of the current study was to trace evidence for cardiac dysfunction abnormalities in the premotor phase of PD. We retrospectively reviewed treadmill ergometric tests of a large cohort (n = 16,841) between 2000 and 2012, that attended the ...
Kavazis Andreas N AN Auburn University - - 2014
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent antitumor agent used in cancer treatment. Unfortunately, DOX can induce myopathy in cardiac and skeletal muscle, which limits its clinical use. Importantly, exercise training has been shown to protect against DOX-mediated cardiac and skeletal muscle myopathy. However, the mechanism(s) responsible for this exercise-induced muscle protection ...
Yavari A - - 2014
Hypertension is a major health public problem in type 2 diabetic patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of regular aerobic exercise training on blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In a randomized, controlled trial, 60 patients with T2DM aged 40--65 years were ...
Roseguini Bruno T BT Purdue - - 2014
Endothelial dysfunction caused by defective NO-signaling plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of intermittent claudication (IC). In the present study, we evaluated the acute effects of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor that acts by prolonging NO-mediated cGMP signaling in vascular smooth muscle, on blood pressure (BP), skeletal muscle ...
Eddy Meghan C MC Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405-0134, - - 2014
We have previously demonstrated that voluntary exercise facilitates discrimination learning in a modified T-maze. There is evidence implicating the dorsolateral striatum (DLS) as the substrate for this task. The present experiments examined whether changes in DLS dopamine receptors might underlie the exercise-associated facilitation. Infusing a D1R antagonist into the DLS ...
Nibbeling Nicky N a MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences , VU University Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The - - 2014
Operational performance in military settings involves physical and mental skills that are generally investigated separately in lab settings, leading to reduced ecological validity. Therefore, we investigated the effects of anxiety and exercise-induced fatigue, separately and in combination, on cognitive and shooting performance of 22 soldiers in a real-world setting. Findings ...
LE Meur Yann Y National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance - - 2014
Background: Functional overreaching (F-OR) induced by heavy load endurance training programs has been associated with reduced heart rate values both at rest and during exercise. Because this phenomenon may reflect an impairment of cardiac response, this research was conducted to test this hypothesis. Methods and Results: Thirty-five experienced male triathletes ...
Fourcade L L Hôpital d'instruction des armées Laveran, service de cardiologie, - - 2014
Left bundle branch block (LBBB) during exercise can be associated with chest pain. Though this association is mostly correlated with an underlying coronary artery disease, painful LBBB has been described in patients with normal coronary arteries. We report a case of exercise-induced LBBB with typical angina pectoris related to antimalarial ...
Daskalopoulou Stella Styliani SS S Daskalopoulou, Internal Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, H3G 1A4, Canada - - 2014
Background: Irisin, a recently discovered myokine, has been shown to induce white adipose tissue browning, enhancing energy expenditure and mediating some of the beneficial effects of exercise. We aimed to estimate the timeframe of changes in irisin levels after acute exercise and the effect of different exercise workloads and intensities ...
Yoshimura Kenji K Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Hospital Organization Toneyama Hospital , Toyonaka-city, Osaka , - - 2014
Abstract The survival rate of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with severely reduced exercise capacity is extremely low. We recently identified three life-threatening pathophysiological conditions during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET): ( 1 ) exercise-induced hypoxemia, ( 2 ) sympathetic overactivity, and ( 3 ) progressive respiratory acidosis at low-intensity ...
Clark Heather M HM Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, - - 2014
The effortful swallow achieves overload through high effort. It was predicted that both immediate effects on biomechanics and long-term neuromuscular adaptations would be facilitated by maximal overload during this exercise. This study examined how high-effort sips from small-diameter straws influenced linguapalatal swallow pressures. Additionally, training effects of effortful swallows preceded ...
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