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Xu Yali Y Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Key Laboratory of Hand Reconstruction, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, People's Republic of Chiana Shanghai Key Laboratory of Peripheral Nerve and Microsurgery, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; Department of Hand Surgery, the 3(rd) Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China, Key Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory of Hebei Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
The degree of impairment of ventilation and exercise performance after unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis (UDP) induced by phrenic nerve injury has been controversial due to heterogeneity in the published clinical studies. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of isolated UDP on breathing and exercise performance in conscious ...
Sloane Christian C Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 200 W. Arbor Dr., MC-8676, San Diego, CA 92013-8676, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study sought to determine the physiologic effects of the prone maximum restraint (PMR) position in obese subjects after intense exercise. We designed an experimental, randomized, cross-over trial in human subjects conducted at a university exercise physiology laboratory. Ten otherwise healthy, obese (BMI>30) subjects performed a period of heavy exertion ...
Moreira Sergio R SR College of Physical Education, Universidade Federal do Vale do Sao Francisco, Petrolina, PE, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the blood pressure (BP) responses to cardiovascular stress test after a combined exercise circuit session at moderate intensity. Method: Twenty individuals (10 male/10 fem; 33.4± 6.9 years; 70.2± 15.8 kg; 170.4± 11.5 cm; 22.3± 6.8% body fat) were randomized in a different days to control session with ...
Danieli Aljoša A Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre, Zaloška 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
Aerobic training accelerates Heart Rate Recovery after exercise in healthy subjects and in patients with coronary disease. As shown by pharmacological autonomic blockade, HRR early after exercise is dependent primarily on parasympathetic reactivation. Thus, accelerated HRR early after exercise in endurance-trained athletes may be attributed to augmented parasympathetic reactivation. In ...
Kusunose Kenya K 1Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
-The decision-making role of exercise echocardiography in the surgical timing for aortic regurgitation (AR) remains a matter of debate due to limited data on its link with outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the role of echocardiographic measurements at rest and during exercise as predictors of valve ...
Vianna Lauro C LC Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Fluminense Federal University, Rua Prof. Hernani Pires de Melo 101/106, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, 24210-130, Brazil, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate whether the pressor responses to mental stress (MS) are exaggerated in men due to heightened cardiac responses, before and after a bout of exercise. Fifteen men and 19 women underwent a protocol consisting of blood pressure (BP), cardiac output (CO) and forearm vascular assessments at baseline ...
Chen Chi-Wen CW 1Department of Nursing, Fu-Jen Catholic University, - - 2014
Background:Due to medical advances, most children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are expected to survive into adulthood. Establishing adequate physical self-concept and cardiopulmonary tolerance during the adolescent period can primarily enhance overall well-being.Aim:The purpose of this study was to undertake a gender-specific evaluation of the domain of physical self-concept among ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to document the effect of individual strengthening exercises for posterior pelvic tilt muscles on back pain, pelvic tilt angle, and lumbar ROM of a low back pain (LBP) patient with excessive lordosis. [Subjects] The subject was a 28 year-old male with excessive lordosis who ...
Colberg Sheri R SR Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. - - 2014
Both peripheral and autonomic neuropathies are characterized by a progressive loss of nerve fiber function. Most peripheral neuropathy affects the extremities, particularly the lower legs and the feet, but also the hands, whereas damage to the autonomic nervous system may lead to imbalances between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve fibers ...
Rynders Corey A CA Assistant Professor, Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. - - 2014
Aerobic exercise training and diet are recommended for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that adults with prediabetes engage in ≥ 150 minutes per week of moderate activity and target a 7% weight loss. However, traditional moderate-intensity (MI) exercise ...
Magne Julien J Department of Cardiology, Heart Valve Clinic, University Hospital Sart Tilman, University of Liège, Liège, - - 2014
The management and the clinical decision making in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis are challenging. An "aggressive" management, including early aortic valve replacement, is debated in these patients. However, the optimal timing for surgery remains controversial due to the lack of prospective data on the determinants of aortic stenosis progression, ...
Kim Jung-Hee JH Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to compare the effects of flexi-bar training and general lumbar stabilization training on muscle activity and fatigue. [Methods] Twenty normal persons participated in this study. After warm up and a Maximum Voluntary Isomeric Contraction (MVIC) test, participants performed bridging exercise, quadruped lumbar stabilization ...
Ploutz-Snyder Lori L LL 1Universities Space Research Association, Houston, TX; 2University of Houston, Houston TX; and 3Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering Group, Houston, - - 2014
The current exercise countermeasures have not fully protected astronauts' preflight aerobic and muscular fitness levels during International Space Station (ISS) missions, prompting a need to optimize the exercise prescription to improve or maintain astronauts' ability to perform critical tasks and eventually extend the duration of missions. To test the hypothesis ...
Horwood Anna A School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
The relative efficiency of different eye exercise regimes is unclear, and in particular the influences of practice, placebo and the amount of effort required are rarely considered. This study measured conventional clinical measures following different regimes in typical young adults. A total of 156 asymptomatic young adults were directed to ...
Diego Miguel A MA Touch Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine Miami, FL 33101, United States; Fielding Graduate University, 2020 De la Vina Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105-3814, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effects of massage therapy (moderate pressure stroking) and exercise (flexion and extension of limbs) on preterm infants' weight gain and to explore potential underlying mechanisms for those effects. Weight gain and parasympathetic nervous system activity were assessed in 30 preterm infants randomly assigned to a massage therapy ...
Chrysostomou Vicki V Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have previously shown that the optic nerve of mice becomes increasingly vulnerable to injury with advancing age. Here, we investigated whether regular exercise can modify this age-related vulnerability and improve optic nerve recovery after injury. Aged (12-month-old) C57BL/6J mice were exercised by swimming for 60 min/d, 5 d/wk for ...
Carrick-Ranson Graeme C GC 1University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in - - 2014
An increased "dose" of endurance exercise training is associated with a greater maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), a larger left ventricular (LV) mass, and improved heart rate and blood pressure control. However, the effect of lifelong exercise dose on metabolic and hemodynamic response during exercise has not been previously examined. Methods ...
Vermeulen Ruud Cw - - 2014
The insufficient metabolic adaptation to exercise in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is still being debated and poorly understood. We analysed the cardiopulmonary exercise tests of CFS patients, idiopathic chronic fatigue (CFI) patients and healthy visitors. Continuous non-invasive measurement of the cardiac output by Nexfin(R) (BMEYE B.V. Amsterdam, the Netherlands) was ...
Goodall Stuart S Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle, - - 2014
We asked whether acclimatisation to chronic hypoxia (CH) attenuates the level of supraspinal fatigue that is observed after locomotor exercise in acute hypoxia (AH). Seven recreationally-active participants performed identical bouts of constant-load cycling (131±39W, 10.1±1.4min) on three occasions: 1) in normoxia (N, PI O2 , 147.1mmHg); 2) in AH (FI ...
Al-Asoom Lubna Ibrahim LI Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, P. O. Box 2114, Ad Dammām, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Exercise training is employed as supplementary therapeutic intervention for heart failure, due to its ability to induce physiological cardiac hypertrophy. In parallel, supplementation with Nigella sativa (N. sativa) was found to enhance myocardial function and induce cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we aim to compare the morphological and electrophysiological changes ...
Oppewal Alyt A Intellectual Disability Medicine, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is an independent predictor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. To investigate the usefulness of HRR in cardiorespiratory exercise testing in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), the aims of this study were (a) to assess HRR in older adults with ID after the 10-m ...
Lloyd Lisa K LK 1Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 2Nutrition and Foods, Texas State University-San Marcos, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX - - 2014
Due to the well-documented linear relationship between heart rate and oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate is commonly used to estimate energy expenditure during exercise. However, previous research suggests that heart rate increases without a concomitant rise in VO2 when arm movements are added to exercise. If so, this could impact ...
Oh Shin J SJ Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Objective: To find the best exercise duration for post-exercise exhaustion by decrement (PEE-D) in myasthenia gravis (MG). Materials and methods: In 32 tests in 32 MG patients, repetitive nerve stimulation was performed in the abductor digiti quinti muscle. 3-Hz responses for 2 s were obtained with supramaximal stimulation at rest, ...
Ichihashi Noriaki N Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The military press is an exercise frequently prescribed for scapular and shoulder rehabilitation. Although this exercise has previously been analyzed by electromyography, its kinematic features remain poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to clarify these features of the military press and suggest relevant clinical applications. Sixteen healthy men participated ...
Nocera Joe J VA Rehabilitation R&D Center of Excellence, Atlanta VAMC, Decatur, - - 2014
Studies suggest improvements of neurocognitive function among older adults who undergo aerobic exercise training. This study sought to examine the impact of an aerobic exercise intervention on verbal fluency in sedentary older adults. Twenty community-dwelling older adults were recruited and enrolled to a 'Spin' exercise group or a control condition. ...
O'Hara Shannon E SE School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objectifying nature of exercise environments may prevent women from reaping psychological benefits of exercise. The present experiment manipulated self-objectification through an exercise class taught by an instructor who emphasized exercise as either a means of acquiring appearance or health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test for ...
Lundberg Tommy R TR 1Mid Sweden - - 2014
As aerobic exercise (AE) may interfere with adaptations to resistance exercise (RE), this study explored acute and chronic responses to consecutive AE (~45 min cycling) and RE (4 x 7 maximal knee extensions), vs. RE only. Ten men performed acute unilateral AE+RE interspersed by 15 min recovery. The contralateral leg ...
Burr J F JF Applied Human Sciences, UPEI, Charlottetown, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the arterial stiffness of male ultra-marathon runners (n=9) using pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and radial tonometry over the course of an ultra-marathon and during recovery. Measures were collected at rest, immediately following 45 km/75 km of running, then following 60 and 90 min of recovery. ...
Horvath S J SJ Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, OSU Veterinary Medical Center, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Greyhounds have several hematologic variables that are outside of the respective reference intervals of other dog breeds. In addition, increases in HCT, total protein and HGB concentration, and RBC and WBC counts occur immediately after exercise; these values return to resting values within a few hour after racing. This study ...
Burdon Catriona A CA a Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, 75 East St., Lidcombe 2141, NSW, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effect of exercise-induced hyperthermia on central fatigue and force decline in exercised and nonexercised muscles and whether ingestion of ice slushy (ICE) ameliorates fatigue. Eight participants (5 males, 3 females) completed 45 s maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC) with elbow flexors and knee extensors ...
Mierau Andreas A Institute of Movement and Neurosciences, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical exercise is known to induce a range of transient or sustained psychophysiological effects including stress reduction and improvements in cognitive performance. Previous studies in the area have focused on adults and there has been little research on the relationship between physical exercise and brain function in young children. This ...
Rodrigues Lausanne B C C LB aAssociate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB bOswaldo Cruz Hospital, Pernambuco University, Pernambuco cSchool of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil dDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, - - 2014
To analyze the posteffects of a single bout of resistance exercise on cardiovascular parameters in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Randomized cross-over. Seventeen PAD patients performed two experimental sessions: control (C) and resistance exercise (R). Both sessions were identical (eight exercises, 3×10 repetitions), except that the R session was ...
Khouri Michel G MG Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3085, Durham, NC, 27710, - - 2014
Conventional resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessments have limitations for detecting doxorubicin (DOX)-related cardiac dysfunction. Novel resting echocardiographic parameters, including 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and global longitudinal strain (GLS), have potential for early identification of chemotherapy-related myocardial injury. Exercise "stress" is an established method to uncover impairments in cardiac function ...
Singh Amaya M AM Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, - - 2014
Despite growing interest in the relationship between exercise and short-term neural plasticity, the effects of exercise on motor cortical (M1) excitability are not well studied. Acute, lower-limb aerobic exercise may potentially modulate M1 excitability in working muscles, but the effects on muscles not involved in the exercise are unknown. Here ...
Downs Meghan E ME 1Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, Texas; 2Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering Group, Human Performance and Engineering Division, Houston, Texas; 3Exercise Science Department, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York; 4Universites Space Research Association, Houston, - - 2014
Blood flow restricted resistance exercise improves muscle strength; however, the cardiovascular response is not well understood. This investigation measured local vascular responses, tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), and cardiovascular responses during supine unilateral leg press and heel raise exercise in four conditions: high load with no occlusion cuff (HL), low load ...
Sugawara Jun J Human Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology Ibaraki, - - 2014
To prevent orthostatic hypotension, arterial blood pressure (BP) is neurally and hormonally regulated via increases in heart rate (HR) and peripheral vascular tone. After dynamic exercise, however, the latter arm is blunted because of the increased vasodilators in exercised muscles. Orthostatic tachycardia is likely a more important compensatory mechanism for ...
Peinado Ana B AB Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, Martín Fierro 7, 28040 Madrid, - - 2014
The anaerobic threshold (AT) has been one of the most studied of all physiological variables. Many authors have proposed the use of several markers to determine the moment at with the AT is reached. The present work discusses the physiological responses made to exercise - the measurement of which indicates ...
Tsuchiya Yoshifumi Y Graduate School of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan - - 2014
Irisin is mainly released from skeletal muscle (myocytes) and promotes thermogenesis by browning of the white adipose tissue. Although exercise has been shown to increase irisin concentration in blood and myocytes via up-regulation peroxisome proliferator receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) expression, the influence of exercise intensity on irisin secretion remains unclear. ...
Tanaka Satoru S Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467-8601, - - 2014
Central blood pressure may be more closely associated with cardiovascular events than peripheral blood pressure. The aim of the present study was to investigate central blood pressure responses to exercise. Apparently healthy 18 subjects were enrolled in the study (38 ± 6 years) and changes in central and brachial blood ...
Morishita Yoshiyuki Y Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, - - 2014
We investigated the practice of exercise counseling of primary care physicians in metabolic syndromes and cardiovascular diseases and its association with their age class, specialty, work place, and their own exercise habits. The subjects were 3,310 medical doctors who had graduated from Jichi Medical University in Japan. The study instrument ...
Buono Michael J MJ School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University San Diego, CA 92182-7251, USA ; Department of Biology, San Diego State University San Diego, CA 92182-7251, - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of air temperature on the rectal temperature gradient at rest and during exercise. It was hypothesized that the rectal temperature gradient would be exacerbated in cold environments and attenuated in warm environments both at rest and during exercise. Each ...
Fischer Ronald R Centre for Applied Cross-Cultural Research & School of Psychology, Victoria University Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand ; LEVYNA Laboratory for the Experimental Research of Religion, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech - - 2014
How do people feel during extreme collective rituals? Despite longstanding speculation, few studies have attempted to quantify ritual experiences. Using a novel pre/post design, we quantified physiological fluctuations (heart rates) and self-reported affective states from a collective fire-walking ritual in a Mauritian Hindu community. Specifically, we compared changes in levels ...
Li Lin L Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, Ministry of Education, Shanghai, China; Physical Education and Health School, East China Normal University, Shanghai, - - 2014
There is increasing evidence that acute aerobic exercise is associated with improved cognitive function. However, neural correlates of its cognitive plasticity remain largely unknown. The present study examined the effect of a session of acute aerobic exercise on working memory task-evoked brain activity as well as task performance. A within-subjects ...
D'Souza Alicia A 1] Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9NT, UK - - 2014
Endurance athletes exhibit sinus bradycardia, that is a slow resting heart rate, associated with a higher incidence of sinus node (pacemaker) disease and electronic pacemaker implantation. Here we show that training-induced bradycardia is not a consequence of changes in the activity of the autonomic nervous system but is caused by ...
Arazi Hamid H Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, - - 2014
With regard to blood pressure responses to plyometric exercise and decreasing blood pressure after exercise (post-exercise hypotension), the influence of different workloads of plyometric exercise on blood pressure is not clear. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a low, moderate and high workload of plyometric ...
Machado-Vidotti Heloisa G HG Sao Carlos School of Engineering, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the cardiac autonomic responses during upper versus lower limb discontinuous resistance exercise (RE) at different loads in healthy older men. Method: Ten volunteers (65±1.2 years) underwent the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test to determine the maximum load for the bench press and the leg press. Discontinuous RE was ...
Ogihara Cristiana A CA Department of Physiology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (FMABC), Avenida Principe de Gales 821, Vila Principe de Gales, 09060-650 Santo Andre, SP, Brazil ; Department of Physiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Botucatu 862, Vila Clementino, 04023-901 Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Exercise training reduces sympathetic activity in hypertensive humans and rats. We hypothesized that the swimming exercise would change the neurotransmission in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a key region involved in sympathetic outflow, and hemodynamic control in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Bilateral injections of kynurenic acid ...
Milia Raffaele R Sports Physiology Laboratory, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Via Porcell 4, 09124 Cagliari, - - 2014
Spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals show an altered hemodynamic response to metaboreflex activation due to a reduced capacity to vasoconstrict the venous and arterial vessels below the level of the lesion. Exercise training was found to enhance circulating catecholamines and to improve cardiac preload and venous tone in response to ...
Zigmond Michael J - - 2014
There is clinical evidence that the symptoms of Parkinson's disease can be ameliorated by physical exercise, and we have been using animal models to explore the hypothesis that such exercise can also be neuroprotective. To do so we have focused on models of the dopamine deficiency associated with motor symptoms ...
Vigorito Carlo C Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II Naples, - - 2014
Progressive aging induces several structural and functional alterations in the cardiovascular system, among whom particularly important are a reduced number of myocardial cells and increased interstitial collagen fibers, which result in impaired left ventricular diastolic function. Even in the absence of cardiovascular disease, aging is strongly associated to a age-related ...
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