Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1510
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Daenen Liesbeth L *Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium †Pain in Motion Research Group, Departments of Human Physiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium ‡Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden §Faculty of Sport Science, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany ∥Schools of Human Movement Studies and of Psychology, The University of Queensland, - - 2014
Exercise is an effective treatment strategy in various chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders, including chronic neck pain, osteoarthritis, headache, fibromyalgia and chronic low back pain. Although exercise can benefit those with chronic pain, some patients (e.g. those with fibromyalgia or chronic whiplash associated disorders) encounter exercise as a pain-inducing stimulus and ...
Levy Franck F Department of Cardiology and INSERM and ERI-12, University Hospital, Amiens, - - 2014
Initial experience with the new St Jude Trifecta pericardial aortic stented bioprosthesis shows an excellent resting hemodynamic profile. Little is known about changes in the hemodynamic profile of the Trifecta valve during exercise. Between February 2011 and November 2012, 85 patients (49 men; mean age, 76 ± 7 years) with ...
Rizas Konstantinos D - - 2014
Enhanced sympathetic activity at the ventricular myocardium can destabilize repolarization, increasing the risk of death. Sympathetic activity is known to cluster in low-frequency bursts; therefore, we hypothesized that sympathetic activity induces periodic low-frequency changes of repolarization. We developed a technique to assess the sympathetic effect on repolarization and identified periodic ...
Limberg Jacqueline J Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI 53706, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on reports of exaggerated blood pressure responses to whole-body exercise in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), we tested the hypothesis that MetSyn adults would exhibit augmented sympathetic and pressor responses to mechanoreflex and metaboreflex activation when compared with healthy, age-matched control subjects. We studied 12 adults with MetSyn (34±3years) ...
Arazi Hamid H Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O.Box 1438, Rasht, Iran, - - 2014
Resistance exercise (RE) may lead to a post-exercise hypotension (PEH) response. Previous studies showed that green tea (GT) and its polyphenols, especially Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) may have a favorable effect on blood pressure (BP). We investigated the green tea extract (GTE) effects on BP, heart rate (HR), and rate pressure product ...
Knauf Matthew T MT Department of Kinesiology, University of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine exercise-induced pain modulation in diabetic adults with painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) compared to diabetic adults without PDN. Eighteen adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes with and without PDN (mean age of 49 yrs) completed two sessions. During the familiarization session, participants completed ...
Burr J F JF Applied Human Science, Human Performance and Health Research Laboratory, University of PEI, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is increasing evidence that select forms of exercise are associated with vascular changes that are in opposition to the well-accepted beneficial effects of moderate intensity aerobic exercise. To determine if alterations in arterial stiffness occur following eccentrically accentuated aerobic exercise, and if changes are associated with measures of muscle ...
Lucini Daniela D Sezione Medicina dell'Esercizio e Sindromi Funzionali, Dipartimento di Riabilitazione e Recupero Funzionale, IRCCS Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Universita' degli Studi di Milano, Via Alessandro Manzoni, 56, 20089, Rozzano (Milan), Italy, - - 2014
The dynamics of vagal withdrawal and reactivation during pulses of exercise are described by indices computed from heart period (RR) variations, which may be sensitive to duration and load. We sought to assess the consistency over time of these indices, which is not well established. We recorded continuous electrocardiogram during ...
Foulds Heather J A HJ a Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , BC , - - 2014
Abstract Altered autonomic function has been identified following ultra-endurance event participation among elite world-class athletes. Despite dramatic increases in recreational athlete participation in these ultra-endurance events, the physiological effects on these athletes are less known. This investigation sought to characterise changes in surrogate measures of autonomic function: heart rate variability ...
Hansen D D Rehabilitation Research Centre, Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium - - - 2014
Background:Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from a disturbed cardiac autonomic control during exercise (based on heart rate (HR) changes during exercise), which affects exercise tolerance. Whether longterm exercise intervention improves HR changes during exercise in patients with MS remains unknown. Aim: To examine whether longterm exercise intervention improves HR ...
Huang Ming-Chun - - 2014
Physical rehabilitation is an important process for patients recovering after surgery. In this paper, we propose and develop a framework to monitor on-bed range of motion exercises that allows physical therapists to evaluate patient adherence to set exercise programs. Using a dense pressure sensitive bedsheet, a sequence of pressure maps ...
Hou Zhong-Wei ZW Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100029, - - 2014
To observe the physiological and psychological effects of Chinese traditional healthcare exercises (CTHE) on the adolescents. A total of 136 healthy students of junior school were recruited and randomly divided into the test group (68 cases) and the control group (68 cases). The subjects in the test group practiced CTHE, ...
McCabe Colm C Pulmonary Vascular Disease Unit, Papworth Hospital, Cambridge CB23 3RE, United - - 2014
Pulmonary endarterectomy offers a symptomatic and survival benefit in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension through sustained improvement in right ventricular function. However, its role in patients with symptom limitation, chronic thrombotic obstruction, and a normal pulmonary hemodynamic profile is less clear. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) stresses the cardiopulmonary system ...
Serpiello F R FR Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), College of Sport and Exercise Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, - - 2014
Exercise elicits skeletal-muscle adaptations which are important for improved health outcomes. We compared the effects of a futsal game (FUT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MOD), on the skeletal-muscle protein signalling responses in young, healthy individuals. 16 men undertook an incremental exercise test and a resting muscle biopsy performed >48 h apart. ...
Horwood Anna M AM Infant Vision Laboratory, School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, United Kingdom; Orthoptic Department, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although eye exercises appear to help heterophoria, convergence insufficiency, and intermittent strabismus, results can be confounded by placebo, practice, and encouragement effects. This study assessed objective changes in vergence and accommodation responses in naive young adults after a 2-week period of eye exercises under controlled conditions to determine the extent ...
Edgell Heather H University of - - 2014
Recent work has shown that the carotid chemoreceptor (CC) contributes to sympathetic control of cardiovascular function during exercise, despite no evidence of increased circulating CC stimuli, suggesting enhanced CC activity/sensitivity. As interactions between metaboreceptors and chemoreceptors have been previously observed, the purpose of this study was to isolate the metaboreflex ...
Biondolillo Mathew J MJ a Department of Psychology , University of New Hampshire , Durham , NH , - - 2014
This study tested a novel memory-based experimental intervention to increase exercise activity. Undergraduate students completed a two-part online survey ostensibly regarding college activity choices. At Time 1, they completed questionnaires that included assessments of exercise-related attitudes, motivation and self-reported behaviours. Next, they described a memory of a positive or negative ...
Madden Dennis D 1Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD; 3Institute for Environmental Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The goals of this study were to investigate the difference in responses between a SCUBA dive preceded by aerobic exercise (EX) and a non-exercise control dive (CON), and further evaluate the potential relationship between venous gas emboli (VGE) and microparticles (MP). We hypothesized that exercise would alter the quantity and ...
Sheikh Nabeel N Division of Clinical Sciences, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, - - 2014
The increasing globalization of sport has resulted in athletes from a wide range of ethnicities emerging onto the world stage. Fuelled by the untimely death of a number of young professional athletes, data generated from the parallel increase in preparticipation cardiovascular evaluation has indicated that ethnicity has a substantial influence ...
Earing Christopher Matthew Norton CM School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Gwynedd, Wales LL57 2PZ, UK; Cardio-Respiratory and Vascular Department, Countess of Chester Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, Chester, England CH2 1UL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the ventilatory response to CO2 in hyperoxia, hypoxia, and during exercise amongst experienced scuba divers and matched controls. Two studies were performed. The first investigated the CO2 sensitivity in rest and exercise using CO2 rebreathing in hyperoxia at a workload typical for diving with divers (n = 11) and controls ...
Magalhães J J Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modulation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) and inhibition of the apoptotic signaling are critically associated with the cardioprotective phenotypes afforded by both intermittent hypobaric-hypoxia (IHH) and endurance-training (ET). We recently proposed that IHH and ET improve cardiac function and basic mitochondrial capacity, although without showing addictive effects. Here ...
Low David A DA Research Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, UK; Autonomic and Neurovascular Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London at St Mary's Hospital, London, UK; Autonomic Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square/Division of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To clarify the characteristics of hemodynamic responses to exercise and orthostasis in Parkinson's disease patients, especially those with autonomic failure. Clinical audit of supine cycling exercise test data (with active standing tests pre- and post-exercise) of Parkinson's patients with autonomic dysfunction. 23 patients (71 ± 7 yr, 7 females) with a confirmed diagnosis ...
Kiviniemi Antti M AM 1Department of Exercise and Medical Physiology, Verve Research, Oulu, Finland; 2Department of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK; 3Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; 4Paavo Nurmi Centre, Turku, Finland; 5Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; 6Institute of Clinical Medicine, University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, - - 2014
Effects of short-term high-intensity interval training (HIT) on cardiac autonomic function are unclear. The present study assessed cardiac autonomic adaptations to short-term HIT in comparison with aerobic endurance training (AET). Twenty-six healthy middle-aged sedentary men were randomized into HIT (n=13, 4-6x30 s of all-out cycling efforts with 4-min recovery) and ...
Fischer-Rasokat Ulrich U Department of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart Center, Bad Nauheim, Germany, - - 2014
Prior studies suggest that β-blockers lead to increased pulse wave reflections, thereby negating the blood pressure lowering effects on cardiovascular mortality. Parts of these effects may be induced by the heart rate reduction under β-blockade. The aim of this study was to unmask heart rate-independent effects of β-blockade on pulse ...
Xu Yali Y Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Key Laboratory of Hand Reconstruction, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, People's Republic of Chiana Shanghai Key Laboratory of Peripheral Nerve and Microsurgery, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; Department of Hand Surgery, the 3(rd) Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China, Key Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory of Hebei Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
The degree of impairment of ventilation and exercise performance after unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis (UDP) induced by phrenic nerve injury has been controversial due to heterogeneity in the published clinical studies. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of isolated UDP on breathing and exercise performance in conscious ...
Sloane Christian C Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 200 W. Arbor Dr., MC-8676, San Diego, CA 92013-8676, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study sought to determine the physiologic effects of the prone maximum restraint (PMR) position in obese subjects after intense exercise. We designed an experimental, randomized, cross-over trial in human subjects conducted at a university exercise physiology laboratory. Ten otherwise healthy, obese (BMI>30) subjects performed a period of heavy exertion ...
Moreira Sergio R SR College of Physical Education, Universidade Federal do Vale do Sao Francisco, Petrolina, PE, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the blood pressure (BP) responses to cardiovascular stress test after a combined exercise circuit session at moderate intensity. Method: Twenty individuals (10 male/10 fem; 33.4± 6.9 years; 70.2± 15.8 kg; 170.4± 11.5 cm; 22.3± 6.8% body fat) were randomized in a different days to control session with ...
Danieli Aljoša A Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre, Zaloška 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
Aerobic training accelerates Heart Rate Recovery after exercise in healthy subjects and in patients with coronary disease. As shown by pharmacological autonomic blockade, HRR early after exercise is dependent primarily on parasympathetic reactivation. Thus, accelerated HRR early after exercise in endurance-trained athletes may be attributed to augmented parasympathetic reactivation. In ...
Kusunose Kenya K 1Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
-The decision-making role of exercise echocardiography in the surgical timing for aortic regurgitation (AR) remains a matter of debate due to limited data on its link with outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the role of echocardiographic measurements at rest and during exercise as predictors of valve ...
Chen Chi-Wen CW 1Department of Nursing, Fu-Jen Catholic University, - - 2014
Background:Due to medical advances, most children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are expected to survive into adulthood. Establishing adequate physical self-concept and cardiopulmonary tolerance during the adolescent period can primarily enhance overall well-being.Aim:The purpose of this study was to undertake a gender-specific evaluation of the domain of physical self-concept among ...
Vianna Lauro C LC Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Fluminense Federal University, Rua Prof. Hernani Pires de Melo 101/106, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, 24210-130, Brazil, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate whether the pressor responses to mental stress (MS) are exaggerated in men due to heightened cardiac responses, before and after a bout of exercise. Fifteen men and 19 women underwent a protocol consisting of blood pressure (BP), cardiac output (CO) and forearm vascular assessments at baseline ...
Ploutz-Snyder Lori L LL 1Universities Space Research Association, Houston, TX; 2University of Houston, Houston TX; and 3Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering Group, Houston, - - 2014
The current exercise countermeasures have not fully protected astronauts' preflight aerobic and muscular fitness levels during International Space Station (ISS) missions, prompting a need to optimize the exercise prescription to improve or maintain astronauts' ability to perform critical tasks and eventually extend the duration of missions. To test the hypothesis ...
Magne Julien J Department of Cardiology, Heart Valve Clinic, University Hospital Sart Tilman, University of Liège, Liège, - - 2014
The management and the clinical decision making in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis are challenging. An "aggressive" management, including early aortic valve replacement, is debated in these patients. However, the optimal timing for surgery remains controversial due to the lack of prospective data on the determinants of aortic stenosis progression, ...
Rynders Corey A CA Assistant Professor, Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. - - 2014
Aerobic exercise training and diet are recommended for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that adults with prediabetes engage in ≥ 150 minutes per week of moderate activity and target a 7% weight loss. However, traditional moderate-intensity (MI) exercise ...
Colberg Sheri R SR Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. - - 2014
Both peripheral and autonomic neuropathies are characterized by a progressive loss of nerve fiber function. Most peripheral neuropathy affects the extremities, particularly the lower legs and the feet, but also the hands, whereas damage to the autonomic nervous system may lead to imbalances between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve fibers ...
Kim Jung-Hee JH Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to compare the effects of flexi-bar training and general lumbar stabilization training on muscle activity and fatigue. [Methods] Twenty normal persons participated in this study. After warm up and a Maximum Voluntary Isomeric Contraction (MVIC) test, participants performed bridging exercise, quadruped lumbar stabilization ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to document the effect of individual strengthening exercises for posterior pelvic tilt muscles on back pain, pelvic tilt angle, and lumbar ROM of a low back pain (LBP) patient with excessive lordosis. [Subjects] The subject was a 28 year-old male with excessive lordosis who ...
Horwood Anna A School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
The relative efficiency of different eye exercise regimes is unclear, and in particular the influences of practice, placebo and the amount of effort required are rarely considered. This study measured conventional clinical measures following different regimes in typical young adults. A total of 156 asymptomatic young adults were directed to ...
Diego Miguel A MA Touch Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine Miami, FL 33101, United States; Fielding Graduate University, 2020 De la Vina Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105-3814, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effects of massage therapy (moderate pressure stroking) and exercise (flexion and extension of limbs) on preterm infants' weight gain and to explore potential underlying mechanisms for those effects. Weight gain and parasympathetic nervous system activity were assessed in 30 preterm infants randomly assigned to a massage therapy ...
Carrick-Ranson Graeme C GC 1University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in - - 2014
An increased "dose" of endurance exercise training is associated with a greater maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), a larger left ventricular (LV) mass, and improved heart rate and blood pressure control. However, the effect of lifelong exercise dose on metabolic and hemodynamic response during exercise has not been previously examined. Methods ...
Vermeulen Ruud Cw - - 2014
The insufficient metabolic adaptation to exercise in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is still being debated and poorly understood. We analysed the cardiopulmonary exercise tests of CFS patients, idiopathic chronic fatigue (CFI) patients and healthy visitors. Continuous non-invasive measurement of the cardiac output by Nexfin(R) (BMEYE B.V. Amsterdam, the Netherlands) was ...
Chrysostomou Vicki V Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have previously shown that the optic nerve of mice becomes increasingly vulnerable to injury with advancing age. Here, we investigated whether regular exercise can modify this age-related vulnerability and improve optic nerve recovery after injury. Aged (12-month-old) C57BL/6J mice were exercised by swimming for 60 min/d, 5 d/wk for ...
Al-Asoom Lubna Ibrahim LI Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, P. O. Box 2114, Ad Dammām, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Exercise training is employed as supplementary therapeutic intervention for heart failure, due to its ability to induce physiological cardiac hypertrophy. In parallel, supplementation with Nigella sativa (N. sativa) was found to enhance myocardial function and induce cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we aim to compare the morphological and electrophysiological changes ...
Goodall Stuart S Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle, - - 2014
We asked whether acclimatisation to chronic hypoxia (CH) attenuates the level of supraspinal fatigue that is observed after locomotor exercise in acute hypoxia (AH). Seven recreationally-active participants performed identical bouts of constant-load cycling (131±39W, 10.1±1.4min) on three occasions: 1) in normoxia (N, PI O2 , 147.1mmHg); 2) in AH (FI ...
Oppewal Alyt A Intellectual Disability Medicine, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is an independent predictor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. To investigate the usefulness of HRR in cardiorespiratory exercise testing in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), the aims of this study were (a) to assess HRR in older adults with ID after the 10-m ...
Lloyd Lisa K LK 1Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 2Nutrition and Foods, Texas State University-San Marcos, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX - - 2014
Due to the well-documented linear relationship between heart rate and oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate is commonly used to estimate energy expenditure during exercise. However, previous research suggests that heart rate increases without a concomitant rise in VO2 when arm movements are added to exercise. If so, this could impact ...
Oh Shin J SJ Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Objective: To find the best exercise duration for post-exercise exhaustion by decrement (PEE-D) in myasthenia gravis (MG). Materials and methods: In 32 tests in 32 MG patients, repetitive nerve stimulation was performed in the abductor digiti quinti muscle. 3-Hz responses for 2 s were obtained with supramaximal stimulation at rest, ...
Ichihashi Noriaki N Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The military press is an exercise frequently prescribed for scapular and shoulder rehabilitation. Although this exercise has previously been analyzed by electromyography, its kinematic features remain poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to clarify these features of the military press and suggest relevant clinical applications. Sixteen healthy men participated ...
Nocera Joe J VA Rehabilitation R&D Center of Excellence, Atlanta VAMC, Decatur, - - 2014
Studies suggest improvements of neurocognitive function among older adults who undergo aerobic exercise training. This study sought to examine the impact of an aerobic exercise intervention on verbal fluency in sedentary older adults. Twenty community-dwelling older adults were recruited and enrolled to a 'Spin' exercise group or a control condition. ...
O'Hara Shannon E SE School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objectifying nature of exercise environments may prevent women from reaping psychological benefits of exercise. The present experiment manipulated self-objectification through an exercise class taught by an instructor who emphasized exercise as either a means of acquiring appearance or health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test for ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >