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Amann Markus M Department of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VAMC Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To better understand the hemodynamic and autonomic reflex abnormalities in heart-failure patients (HF), we investigated the influence of group III/IV muscle afferents on their cardiovascular response to rhythmic exercise. Nine HF-patients (NYHA class-II, mean left ventricular ejection-fraction: 27±3%) performed single leg knee-extensor exercise (25/50/80% peak-workload) under control conditions and with ...
Bongers Coen C W G CC Department of Physiology, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Exercise increases core body temperature (Tc), which is necessary to optimise physiological processes. However, excessive increase in Tc may impair performance and places participants at risk for the development of heat-related illnesses. Cooling is an effective strategy to attenuate the increase in Tc. This meta-analysis compares the effects of cooling ...
Donley David A DA 1West Virginia - - 2014
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a 3-fold increase risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality partly due to increased arterial stiffening. We compared the effects of aerobic exercise training on arterial stiffening/mechanics in MetS without overt CVD or Type 2 Diabetes. MetS and healthy controls (Con) underwent 8 weeks ...
Sandström Björn E BE Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Department of CBRN Defence and Security, SE-90182 Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a large concern in the society today about the threat posed from releases of chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) materials, whether accidental or malicious. A rapid and adapted response to a CBRN incident combined with a thorough public communication is believed to decrease the detrimental impacts on ...
Zheng Xinyan X Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine changes of thermoregulation, neurotransmitters in the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH), which is the thermoregulatory center, and endurance exercise performance after the intraperitoneal injection of caffeine in rats. Core body temperature (Tcore), oxygen consumption (VO2) and tail skin temperature (Ttail) were ...
Silva Carla Cristiane CC Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, - - 2014
The positive effects of physical training on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy adults are widely recognized; however, the responsiveness to training in healthy children has not yet been established. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of physical training on HRV in prepubertal healthy children. Systematic ...
Scott Brendan R BR Applied Sports Science and Exercise Testing Laboratory, School of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, University of Newcastle, PO Box 127, Ourimbah, NSW, 2258, Australia, - - 2014
It is generally believed that optimal hypertrophic and strength gains are induced through moderate- or high-intensity resistance training, equivalent to at least 60 % of an individual's 1-repetition maximum (1RM). However, recent evidence suggests that similar adaptations are facilitated when low-intensity resistance exercise (~20-50 % 1RM) is combined with blood flow restriction ...
Bisson Michèle M aDepartment of Pediatrics, Quebec's University Hospital Centre bResearch Centre of Quebec's University Institute of Cardiology and Respiratory Medicine cDepartment of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University dDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Quebec's University Hospital Centre eDepartment of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, PQ, - - 2014
To determine whether physical activity and blood pressure (BP) response to exercise in early pregnancy are related to resting BP at the end of pregnancy. Understanding physiological BP responses to exercise during pregnancy will help in improving BP profile and guiding exercise recommendations in pregnant women. Maternal physical activity, cardiorespiratory ...
Yu Jaeho J Department of Physical Therapy, SunMoon University, Asan, - - 2014
The application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) enhances muscle weakness and static balance by muscle fatigue. It was said that TENS affects decrease of the postural sway. On the other hand, the applications of TENS to separate dorsi-plantar flexor and the comparison with and without visual input have not ...
Leggio Massimo M Cardiovascular Department, Cardiac Rehabilitation Operative Unit, San Filippo Neri Hospital-Salus Infirmorum Clinic, Rome, - - 2014
There is a lack of detailed data regarding the effect of exercise training in pharmacologically treated hypertensive patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training on left and right ventricular morphologic and functional parameters by means of conventional echocardiography and sensitive new echocardiographic ...
Lampropoulou Sofia I SI Physical Therapy Dept., Technological Education Institute of Western Greece, Aigio, - - 2014
The way psychometric and neurophysiological measurements of fatigue are connected is not well understood. Thus, the time course of perceived effort changes due to fatigue, as well as the peripheral and central neurophysiological changes accompanying fatigue, were evaluated. Twelve healthy participants (35 ± 9 years old) undertook 10 min intermittent ...
Ji Eun-Sang ES Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder, and its symptoms are hyperactivity and deficits in learning and memory. Physical exercise increases dopamine synthesis and neuronal activity in various brain regions. In the present study, we investigate the duration-dependence of the treadmill exercise on hyperactivity in relation with dopamine ...
Kim Chul C Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, Sanggye-Paik Hospital, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of mid, and high exercise intensities on hemodynamic responses and cardiac events during two exercise types of treadmill exercise (TM) and cycle ergometer exercises (CE) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). [Subjects] Patients who had percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ACS and were ...
Cools A A Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Although conservative treatment is often recommended in biceps related pathology and SLAP lesions in overhead athletes, a progressive exercise protocol with controlled low to moderate load on the biceps has not been described yet. To describe a continuum of exercises with progressive low to moderate load on the biceps, based ...
Westermann Simone S Equine Clinic, Horse Surgery, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, - - 2014
Objective-To determine the skin temperature of the metacarpus in horses associated with the use of bandages and tendon boots, compared with the bare limb, at rest and after 20 minutes of lunging. Animals-10 adult horses. Procedures-Skin temperature on the bare metacarpus of both forelimbs was measured at rest and after ...
Bentes Claudio M CM Physical Education Graduate Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
To compare the hypotensive effect and performance responses between different resistance training intensities and different exercise orders in apparently healthy women, thirteen apparently healthy women performed four resistance training sessions in randomized order. One group performed the resistance training exercises with 60% of 1RM (SeqA60%): leg press (LG), chest press ...
Verite Fabien - - 2014
Postural control rehabilitation may benefit from the use of smart devices providing biofeedback. This approach consists of increasing the patients perception of their postural state. Namely, postural state is monitored and fed back in real time to the patients through one or more sensory channels. This allows implementing rehabilitation exercises ...
Yamaguchi Yuji Y Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka, 816-8580, - - 2014
The effect of static exercise on neurovascular coupling (NVC) was investigated by measuring the blood flow velocity in the posterior cerebral artery (PCAv) during 2-min static handgrip exercises (HG) at 30 % of the maximum voluntary contraction in 17 healthy males. NVC was estimated as the relative change in PCAv from ...
Maeo Sumiaki - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of muscle activities during push-up exercises performed under sling condition by comparison with those performed underground condition. We hypothesized that sling-based push-ups induce higher muscle activities than the ground-based push-ups, and its effects are more prominent in dynamic compared to static exercise owing ...
Idoue Ayaka A School of Health and Nursing Sciences, Wakayama Medical University , Wakayama , - - 2014
Abstract The relationship between blood pressure (BP) response to exercise and atherosclerotic markers were evaluated in a population based sample of 426 normotensive subjects. The subjects with greater increase of SBP during exercise and delayed recovery of SBP after exercise showed higher hs-CRP and SBP2. Multiple regression analysis revealed that ...
Bruno Nelson E NE Department of Cancer Biology, The Scripps Research Institute Scripps Florida, Jupiter, FL, - - 2014
During the stress response to intense exercise, the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) induces rapid catabolism of energy reserves through the release of catecholamines and subsequent activation of protein kinase A (PKA). Paradoxically, chronic administration of sympathomimetic drugs (β-agonists) leads to anabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle, suggesting that sympathetic outflow also ...
Janikowska Grażyna G Department of Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Silesia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate adrenergic responses in the peripheral blood of trained road cyclists at rest, at maximal intensity of incremental bicycle exercise test, and during 15 minutes of recovery, as well as the relationship between them. Competitive male road cyclists, in the pre-competitive phase of ...
McGinnis Graham G School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn - - 2014
Hypoxic exercise is characterized by workloads decrements. Because exercise and high altitude independently elicit redox perturbations, the study purpose was to examine hypoxic and normoxic steady-state exercise on blood oxidative stress. Active males (n=11) completed graded cycle ergometry in normoxic (975m) and hypoxic (3000m) simulated environments prior to programing subsequent ...
Limberg Jacqueline K JK 1 Mayo Clinic, United - - 2014
Background: Alpha-adrenergic-mediated vasoconstriction is greater during simulated exercise in animal models of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) when compared with control animals. In attempt to translate such findings to humans, we hypothesized adults with MetSyn (n=14, 35±3 years) would exhibit greater α-adrenergic responsiveness during exercise when compared with age-matched healthy controls (n=16, ...
Daenen Liesbeth L *Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium †Pain in Motion Research Group, Departments of Human Physiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium ‡Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden §Faculty of Sport Science, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany ∥Schools of Human Movement Studies and of Psychology, The University of Queensland, - - 2014
Exercise is an effective treatment strategy in various chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders, including chronic neck pain, osteoarthritis, headache, fibromyalgia and chronic low back pain. Although exercise can benefit those with chronic pain, some patients (e.g. those with fibromyalgia or chronic whiplash associated disorders) encounter exercise as a pain-inducing stimulus and ...
Rizas Konstantinos D - - 2014
Enhanced sympathetic activity at the ventricular myocardium can destabilize repolarization, increasing the risk of death. Sympathetic activity is known to cluster in low-frequency bursts; therefore, we hypothesized that sympathetic activity induces periodic low-frequency changes of repolarization. We developed a technique to assess the sympathetic effect on repolarization and identified periodic ...
Levy Franck F Department of Cardiology and INSERM and ERI-12, University Hospital, Amiens, - - 2014
Initial experience with the new St Jude Trifecta pericardial aortic stented bioprosthesis shows an excellent resting hemodynamic profile. Little is known about changes in the hemodynamic profile of the Trifecta valve during exercise. Between February 2011 and November 2012, 85 patients (49 men; mean age, 76 ± 7 years) with ...
Limberg Jacqueline J Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI 53706, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on reports of exaggerated blood pressure responses to whole-body exercise in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), we tested the hypothesis that MetSyn adults would exhibit augmented sympathetic and pressor responses to mechanoreflex and metaboreflex activation when compared with healthy, age-matched control subjects. We studied 12 adults with MetSyn (34±3years) ...
Arazi Hamid H Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O.Box 1438, Rasht, Iran, - - 2014
Resistance exercise (RE) may lead to a post-exercise hypotension (PEH) response. Previous studies showed that green tea (GT) and its polyphenols, especially Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) may have a favorable effect on blood pressure (BP). We investigated the green tea extract (GTE) effects on BP, heart rate (HR), and rate pressure product ...
Burr J F JF Applied Human Science, Human Performance and Health Research Laboratory, University of PEI, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is increasing evidence that select forms of exercise are associated with vascular changes that are in opposition to the well-accepted beneficial effects of moderate intensity aerobic exercise. To determine if alterations in arterial stiffness occur following eccentrically accentuated aerobic exercise, and if changes are associated with measures of muscle ...
Knauf Matthew T MT Department of Kinesiology, University of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine exercise-induced pain modulation in diabetic adults with painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) compared to diabetic adults without PDN. Eighteen adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes with and without PDN (mean age of 49 yrs) completed two sessions. During the familiarization session, participants completed ...
Lucini Daniela D Sezione Medicina dell'Esercizio e Sindromi Funzionali, Dipartimento di Riabilitazione e Recupero Funzionale, IRCCS Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Universita' degli Studi di Milano, Via Alessandro Manzoni, 56, 20089, Rozzano (Milan), Italy, - - 2014
The dynamics of vagal withdrawal and reactivation during pulses of exercise are described by indices computed from heart period (RR) variations, which may be sensitive to duration and load. We sought to assess the consistency over time of these indices, which is not well established. We recorded continuous electrocardiogram during ...
Foulds Heather J A HJ a Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , BC , - - 2014
Abstract Altered autonomic function has been identified following ultra-endurance event participation among elite world-class athletes. Despite dramatic increases in recreational athlete participation in these ultra-endurance events, the physiological effects on these athletes are less known. This investigation sought to characterise changes in surrogate measures of autonomic function: heart rate variability ...
Hansen D D Rehabilitation Research Centre, Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium - - - 2014
Background:Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from a disturbed cardiac autonomic control during exercise (based on heart rate (HR) changes during exercise), which affects exercise tolerance. Whether longterm exercise intervention improves HR changes during exercise in patients with MS remains unknown. Aim: To examine whether longterm exercise intervention improves HR ...
Huang Ming-Chun - - 2014
Physical rehabilitation is an important process for patients recovering after surgery. In this paper, we propose and develop a framework to monitor on-bed range of motion exercises that allows physical therapists to evaluate patient adherence to set exercise programs. Using a dense pressure sensitive bedsheet, a sequence of pressure maps ...
Orbelo Diana - - 2014
Symptoms of Respiratory Disease PostersSESSION TYPE: Poster PresentationsPRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PMPURPOSE: To illustrate the value of serial ventilatory and glottic responses to incremental exercise until voluntary exhaustion in an adolescent with exertional dyspnea and stridor before and after supraglottoplasty. Review of serial ...
Morillo Luis Carlos - - 2014
COPD Comorbidity PostersSESSION TYPE: Poster PresentationsPRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PMPURPOSE: To examine characteristics and related factors of abnormal heart rate recovery. Some COPD patients suffer autonomic cardiac dysfunction, having a decrease in parasympathetic activity and an increase in sympathetic activity, as reflected in ...
Hou Zhong-Wei ZW Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100029, - - 2014
To observe the physiological and psychological effects of Chinese traditional healthcare exercises (CTHE) on the adolescents. A total of 136 healthy students of junior school were recruited and randomly divided into the test group (68 cases) and the control group (68 cases). The subjects in the test group practiced CTHE, ...
McCabe Colm C Pulmonary Vascular Disease Unit, Papworth Hospital, Cambridge CB23 3RE, United - - 2014
Pulmonary endarterectomy offers a symptomatic and survival benefit in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension through sustained improvement in right ventricular function. However, its role in patients with symptom limitation, chronic thrombotic obstruction, and a normal pulmonary hemodynamic profile is less clear. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) stresses the cardiopulmonary system ...
Horwood Anna M AM Infant Vision Laboratory, School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, United Kingdom; Orthoptic Department, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although eye exercises appear to help heterophoria, convergence insufficiency, and intermittent strabismus, results can be confounded by placebo, practice, and encouragement effects. This study assessed objective changes in vergence and accommodation responses in naive young adults after a 2-week period of eye exercises under controlled conditions to determine the extent ...
Serpiello F R FR Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), College of Sport and Exercise Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, - - 2014
Exercise elicits skeletal-muscle adaptations which are important for improved health outcomes. We compared the effects of a futsal game (FUT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MOD), on the skeletal-muscle protein signalling responses in young, healthy individuals. 16 men undertook an incremental exercise test and a resting muscle biopsy performed >48 h apart. ...
Biondolillo Mathew J MJ a Department of Psychology , University of New Hampshire , Durham , NH , - - 2014
This study tested a novel memory-based experimental intervention to increase exercise activity. Undergraduate students completed a two-part online survey ostensibly regarding college activity choices. At Time 1, they completed questionnaires that included assessments of exercise-related attitudes, motivation and self-reported behaviours. Next, they described a memory of a positive or negative ...
Madden Dennis D 1Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD; 3Institute for Environmental Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The goals of this study were to investigate the difference in responses between a SCUBA dive preceded by aerobic exercise (EX) and a non-exercise control dive (CON), and further evaluate the potential relationship between venous gas emboli (VGE) and microparticles (MP). We hypothesized that exercise would alter the quantity and ...
Edgell Heather H University of - - 2014
Recent work has shown that the carotid chemoreceptor (CC) contributes to sympathetic control of cardiovascular function during exercise, despite no evidence of increased circulating CC stimuli, suggesting enhanced CC activity/sensitivity. As interactions between metaboreceptors and chemoreceptors have been previously observed, the purpose of this study was to isolate the metaboreflex ...
Sheikh Nabeel N Division of Clinical Sciences, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, - - 2014
The increasing globalization of sport has resulted in athletes from a wide range of ethnicities emerging onto the world stage. Fuelled by the untimely death of a number of young professional athletes, data generated from the parallel increase in preparticipation cardiovascular evaluation has indicated that ethnicity has a substantial influence ...
Magalhães J J Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modulation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) and inhibition of the apoptotic signaling are critically associated with the cardioprotective phenotypes afforded by both intermittent hypobaric-hypoxia (IHH) and endurance-training (ET). We recently proposed that IHH and ET improve cardiac function and basic mitochondrial capacity, although without showing addictive effects. Here ...
Low David A DA Research Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, UK; Autonomic and Neurovascular Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London at St Mary's Hospital, London, UK; Autonomic Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square/Division of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To clarify the characteristics of hemodynamic responses to exercise and orthostasis in Parkinson's disease patients, especially those with autonomic failure. Clinical audit of supine cycling exercise test data (with active standing tests pre- and post-exercise) of Parkinson's patients with autonomic dysfunction. 23 patients (71 ± 7 yr, 7 females) with a confirmed diagnosis ...
Earing Christopher Matthew Norton CM School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Gwynedd, Wales LL57 2PZ, UK; Cardio-Respiratory and Vascular Department, Countess of Chester Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, Chester, England CH2 1UL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the ventilatory response to CO2 in hyperoxia, hypoxia, and during exercise amongst experienced scuba divers and matched controls. Two studies were performed. The first investigated the CO2 sensitivity in rest and exercise using CO2 rebreathing in hyperoxia at a workload typical for diving with divers (n = 11) and controls ...
Kiviniemi Antti M AM 1Department of Exercise and Medical Physiology, Verve Research, Oulu, Finland; 2Department of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK; 3Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; 4Paavo Nurmi Centre, Turku, Finland; 5Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; 6Institute of Clinical Medicine, University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, - - 2014
Effects of short-term high-intensity interval training (HIT) on cardiac autonomic function are unclear. The present study assessed cardiac autonomic adaptations to short-term HIT in comparison with aerobic endurance training (AET). Twenty-six healthy middle-aged sedentary men were randomized into HIT (n=13, 4-6x30 s of all-out cycling efforts with 4-min recovery) and ...
Fischer-Rasokat Ulrich U Department of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart Center, Bad Nauheim, Germany, - - 2014
Prior studies suggest that β-blockers lead to increased pulse wave reflections, thereby negating the blood pressure lowering effects on cardiovascular mortality. Parts of these effects may be induced by the heart rate reduction under β-blockade. The aim of this study was to unmask heart rate-independent effects of β-blockade on pulse ...
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