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Hutchinson Jasmin C JC Exercise Science and Sport Studies Department Springfield College, Springfield, - - 2013
We examined independent and combined influences of asynchronous music and dominant attentional style (DAS) on psychological and psychophysical variables during exercise using mixed methods. Participants (N = 34) were grouped according to DAS and completed treadmill runs at three intensities (low, moderate, high) crossed with three music conditions (motivational, oudeterous, ...
Brandt Mikkel M National Research Centre for the Working Environment Copenhagen, - - 2013
Decreased hip muscle strength is frequently reported in patients with hip injury or pathology. Furthermore, soccer players suffering from groin injury show decreased strength of hip muscles. Estimating 10-repetition maximum can be time-consuming and difficult, thus, using the Borg category rating 10 scale (Borg CR10 scale) can be a useful ...
Hosseinifar Mohammad M Department of Physical Therapy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, - - 2013
[Purpose] This study compared the effectiveness of stabilization and McKenzie exercises on pain, disability, and thickness of the transverse abdominis and multifidus muscles in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain. [Subjects] Thirty patients were randomly assigned into two groups: the McKenzie and stabilization exercise groups. [Methods] Before and after ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University: 12 Yeongdong-eup, Yeongdong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do 370-701, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of cervical stabilization exercises on the electromyographic activity of the shoulder stabilizers in normal adults. [Subjects] In the present study, 20 normal adults were divided into an experimental group (EG, n=10) that performed cervical stabilization exercises and shoulder ...
Shim Ho Yong HY Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Michuhol Rehabilitation Center, Incheon, - - 2013
Sciatic nerve injury after stretching exercise is uncommon. We report a case of an 18-year-old female trained dancer who developed sciatic neuropathy primarily involving the tibial division after routine stretching exercise. The patient presented with dysesthesia and weakness of the right foot during dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. The mechanism of sciatic ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2013
To examine the time course of changes in wellness and health status markers before and after episodes of sickness in young soccer players during a high-altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m). Wellness and fatigue were assessed daily on awakening using specifically-designed questionnaires and resting measures of heart rate and ...
Stone Audrey J AJ Heart and Vascular Institute, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, - - 2014
Purinergic 2X (P2X) receptors on the endings of thin fiber afferents have been shown to play a role in evoking the exercise pressor reflex in cats. In this study, we attempted to extend this finding to decerebrated, unanesthetized rats whose femoral arteries were either freely perfused or were ligated 72 ...
Borges Juliana Pereira - - 2013
Aerobic interval exercise training has greater benefits on cardiovascular function as compared with aerobic continuous exercise training. The present study aimed at analyzing the effects of both exercise modalities on acute and subacute hemodynamic responses of healthy rats. Thirty male rats were randomly assigned into three groups as follows: continuous ...
May Linda E - - 2013
Previously, we reported that regular maternal aerobic exercise during pregnancy was associated with lower fetal heart rate (HR) and higher heart rate variability (HRV) at 36weeks gestation. We now report the effect of maternal exercise on infant HR and HRV in subjects who remained active in the study at the ...
Elvira Jose L L - - 2013
Abstract The influence of speed on trunk exercise technique is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of movement speed on the kinematics and kinetics of curl-up, sit-up and leg raising/lowering exercises. Seventeen healthy, recreationally trained individuals (13 females and 4 males) volunteered to participate ...
Zemková Erika - - 2013
This review focuses on investigations into postural sway response to different forms of exercise, and particularly those dealing with physiological mechanisms of post-exercise balance impairment. The findings of relevant studies combined with our research results show that postural sway response to exercise depends on its type, intensity, duration and intensity ...
Brum Patricia C - - 2013
Reduced aerobic capacity, as measured by maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), is a hallmark in cardiovascular diseases and strongly predicts poor prognosis and higher mortality rates in HF patients. While exercise capacity poorly correlates with cardiac function in this population, skeletal muscle abnormalities present a striking association with VO2max. This fact ...
Duncan Michael J - - 2013
The occurrence of post resistance exercise hypotension (PEH) following resistance exercise remains unknown. This study examined blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) responses to an acute bout of low and high intensity resistance exercise, matched for total work, in trained males. Sixteen resistance trained males (23.1 ± 5.9 years) ...
Souza D R - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of the dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist, amlodipine, on blood pressure (BP) during resistance exercise performed at different intensities in hypertensives. Eleven hypertensives underwent 4 weeks of placebo and amlodipine (random double-blinded crossover design). In each phase, they performed knee extension exercise until exhaustion following three ...
Filingeri Davide - - 2013
The central integration of thermal (i.e. cold) and mechanical (i.e. pressure) sensory afferents is suggested as to underpin the perception of skin wetness. However, the role of temperature and mechanical inputs, and their interaction, is still unclear. Also, it is unknown whether this intra-sensory interaction changes according to the activity ...
Lapi Sara - - 2013
Monitoring of respiration-related thoracic movements may be useful to assess respiratory rate (RR) objectively. RR was measured during spontaneous breathing, voluntarily-modified breathing, and exercise hyperpnoea in normal subjects via visual inspection, spirometry and a pair of accelerometers positioned on the torso. Spirometric and accelerometric values of RR recorded during relaxed ...
Peçanha Tiago - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of mortality worldwide. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction seems to be related to the genesis of several CVDs and is also linked to the increased risk of mortality in CVD patients. The quantification of heart rate decrement after exercise - known as heart rate recovery ...
Drollette Eric S - - 2013
The present study examined the effects of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on aspects of cognitive control in two groups of children categorized by higher- and lower-task performance. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were collected in 40 preadolescent children during a modified flanker task following 20min of treadmill walking and seated rest on ...
Layec Gwenael - - 2013
Impaired skeletal muscle efficiency potentially contributes to the age-related decline in exercise capacity and may explain the altered hemodynamic response to exercise in the elderly. Thus, we examined whether 1) the ATP cost of contraction increases with age, and 2) this results in altered convective O2 delivery to maintain microvascular ...
Yamanaka Toshiaki - - 2013
This study was performed to determine whether a novel treatment was effective against cupulolithiasis associated with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) of the lateral semicircular canal, which is characterized by apogeotropic direction-changing nystagmus. We herein describe our head-tilt hopping (HtH) exercise, which is designed to release otoconial debris strongly adhered ...
McGinn Ryan - - 2013
Metaboreceptor activation during passive heating is known to influence cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate (SR). However, whether metaboreceptors modulate the suppression of heat loss following dynamic exercise remains unclear. On separate days, before and after 15-min of high intensity treadmill running in the heat (35°C), eight males performed ...
Ntsinjana Hopewell N - - 2013
Aortic arch geometry is linked to abnormal blood pressure (BP) response to maximum exercise. This study aims to quantitatively assess whether aortic arch geometry plays a role in blood pressure (BP) response to exercise. 60 age- and BSA-matched subjects -- 20 post-aortic coarctation (CoA) repair, 20 transposition of great arteries ...
Askew Christopher D - - 2013
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterised by atherosclerotic stenosis or occlusion of the arteries of the lower limbs, resulting in an impairment of blood flow to the legs. Patients with PAD have a significant reduction in their physical capacity and are limited during activities such as walking by intermittent claudication. ...
Okamoto Takanobu - - 2013
Although acute high-intensity resistance exercise to exhaustion decreases arterial compliance and increases arterial stiffness, the effect of low-intensity resistance exercise (LRE) to exhaustion on arterial compliance and stiffness remains unknown. The present study investigated the acute effects of LRE on arterial compliance and stiffness. Ten healthy individuals (age 26 ± 5 years) performed ...
Stöhr Eric Jean - - 2013
Although the human left ventricle (LV) operates as a functional syncytium and previous studies have reported a single value for LV stroke work at rest, more intricate plasticity of regional LV energetics may be required during enhanced cardiovascular demand. We compared kinetic energy of the LV base and apex, respectively, ...
Watanabe Kazuhito - - 2013
We tested the hypotheses that, in humans, changes in cardiac output (CO) and total peripheral vascular resistance (TPR) occurring in response to isometric handgrip exercise vary considerably among individuals, and that those individual differences are related to differences in muscle metaboreflex and arterial baroreflex function. Thirty-nine healthy subjects performed a ...
Halliwill John R - - 2013
Syncope which occurs suddenly in the setting of recovery from exercise, known as post-exercise syncope, represents a failure of integrative physiology during recovery from exercise. We estimate that between 50 and 80 % of healthy individuals will develop pre-syncopal signs and symptoms if subjected to a 15-min head-up tilt following exercise. ...
Martin Wade H WH 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, St Louis Veterans Administration Medical Center and Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treadmill exercise variables are powerful predictors of all-cause mortality but are unobtainable in at least 50% of patients because of disabilities precluding lower extremity exercise. Arm exercise stress testing is a potentially cost-effective alternative, but no long-term outcome data are available. We performed arm ergometer stress tests on 446 veterans ...
Collins Eileen G - - 2013
Breathing-retraining and helium-oxygen (heliox) have been used to improve exercise tolerance in COPD. We hypothesized that, in patients with COPD, exercise duration after exercise-training plus breathing-retraining and oxygen would be longer than after exercise-training plus heliox or after exercise-training plus oxygen alone. We also explored the short-term maintenance of gains ...
Bassilios Bridget - - 2013
Our aim was to assess physical activity, attitudes and future intentions among a sample of individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). A cross-sectional interview was conducted with a convenience sample of 49 adults with SSDs and in receipt of community mental health services. Interview questions elicited information about exercise behaviour ...
Madison Guy - - 2013
To assess the physical and psychological effects across 11 weeks of music-exercise sessions, the participants' training experience, and attitudes towards physical activity. The effect of different music information was also investigated. Overall, 146 sedentary volunteers were randomized into 4 exercise groups and each group received different music information. Physical capacity ...
Tutarel Oktay - - 2013
Exercise training is beneficial in healthy adults as well as patients with acquired cardiovascular disease such as coronary artery disease and heart failure. While a reduced exercise capacity is common in adults with congenital heart disease, it is not clear if these patients stand to benefit from exercise training or ...
Yan Huimin - - 2013
African American (AA) men have higher arterial stiffness and augmentation index (AIx) than Caucasian (CA) men. Women have greater age-associated increases in arterial stiffness and augmentation index (AIx) than men. This study examined racial and sex differences in arterial stiffness and central hemodynamics at rest and following an acute bout ...
da Silva Vinicius Z Maldaner - - 2013
Noninvasive ventilation may improve cardiovascular function and exercise performance. We evaluated the physiologic impact of noninvasive ventilation during isokinetic knee extension resistance exercise in patients with heart failure. This clinical trial included 10 male compensated patients with ischemic heart failure (age, 57 ± 9.1 years; ejection fraction, 28.5 ± 5.8%). ...
Nunes Rafael Amorim Belo - - 2013
Background: The beneficial effects of exercise on cardiovascular health may be related to the improvement in several physiologic pathways, including peripheral vascular function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cardiovascular responses during the treadmill exercise test and exercise-induced muscle vasodilatation in individuals without overt heart ...
Webber Bryant J - - 2013
Syncope is a common event with many possible etiologies, ranging from benign to severe. Syncopal episodes of any origin, however, may result in traumatic injury due to postural collapse. Based on the prevalence of internal and external stressors during training, basic military trainees may be at increased risk for syncope. ...
Zhu Li-Xia - - 2013
Regular exercise has been shown to be beneficial to patients with heart disease. Previous studies have indicated that health education can effectively increase participants' physical activity. However, no systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of health education programs on changing exercise behavior among patients with heart disease. The ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of thoracic stretching, a thoracic extension exercise and exercises for cervical and scapular posture on thoracic kyphosis angle and upper thoracic pain. [Subject] A 36-year-old male, who complained of upper thoracic pain at the T1-4 level with forward head ...
Millar Philip J - - 2013
Hypertension, or the chronic elevation in resting arterial blood pressure (BP), is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and estimated to affect ~1 billion adults worldwide. The goals of treatment are to lower BP through lifestyle modifications (smoking cessation, weight loss, exercise training, healthy eating and reduced sodium intake), and ...
Lampropoulou Sofia I - - 2013
The way psychometric and neurophysiological measurements of fatigue are connected is not well understood. Thus, the time course of perceived effort changes due to fatigue, as well as the peripheral and central neurophysiological changes accompanying fatigue, were evaluated. Twelve healthy participants (35±9 years old) undertook 10 minute intermittent isometric fatiguing ...
Greaney Jody L - - 2013
The neurocirculatory responses to exercise are exaggerated in hypertension, increasing cardiovascular risk, yet the mechanisms remain incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to examine the in vitro effectiveness of pyridoxal-5-phosphate as a purinergic (P2) receptor antagonist in isolated murine dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and the in vivo ...
Olson Thomas P - - 2013
Background: Heart failure (HF) patients develop ventilatory abnormalities at rest and during exercise although the mechanism(s) underlying these abnormalities remain unclear. We examined whether inhibiting afferent neural feedback from locomotor muscles during exercise reduces exercise ventilation in HF patients. Methods: In a randomized, placebo controlled design, 9 HF patients (age=60±6 ...
de Beer Vincent J - - 2013
Hypercholesterolemia impairs endothelial function (e.g. the NO- cGMP-phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) pathway), limits shear stress induced vasodilation, and is therefore expected to reduce exercise-induced vasodilation. To assess the actual effects of hypercholesterolemia on endothelial function and exercise-induced vasodilation, we compared the effects of eNOS and PDE5 inhibition in chronically instrumented Yucatan ...
Wasserman Karlman K Division of Respiratory and Critical Care, Physiology and Medicine, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Torrance, CA 90502, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
We hypothesized that exercise ventilation and arterial H(+) ([H(+)]a) are mutually interactive, [H(+)]a stimulating VE and VE regulating [H(+)]a increase. Fifty-five patients were studied, 10 normal and 45 with cardio-respiratory disorders. Each patient underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing with simultaneous serial arterial blood gas and pH measurements. Subsequently, they were classified ...
Liu Qing - - 2013
Pulse transit time (PTT) is a cardiovascular parameter of emerging interest due to its potential to estimate blood pressure (BP) continuously and without a cuff. Both linear and non-linear equations have been used in the estimation of BP based on PTT. This study, however, demonstrates that there is a hysteresis ...
Madden Kenneth M - - 2013
Vasodepressive carotid sinus hypersensitivity (V-CSH) is a common but incurable etiology for fainting in older adults with diabetes (OADM), and is diagnosed by carotid sinus massage (CSM). Aerobic exercise has been shown to be an effective therapy for other neuroautonomic etiologies of syncope (such as orthostatic hypotension), but the effectiveness ...
Oliveira Norton Luis - - 2013
The purpose of this state-of-the-art review was to examine the effects of exercise training on arterial stiffness (AS) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A PubMed and SCOPUS literature search was conducted up to March of 2013. Two authors performed the selection of the studies and the subsequent data ...
Cho Jae Sung - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The DV-Trainer™ (a virtual reality [VR] simulator) (Mimic Technologies, Inc., Seattle, WA) is one of several different robotic surgical training methods. We designed a prospective study to determine whether VR training could improve da Vinci(®) Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) performance. Subjects and Methods: Surgeons (n=12) ...
Anjak Ahmad - - 2013
A growing body of evidence seems to suggest that reduction in right ventricular (RV) systolic function is not only associated with both development of symptoms associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but also increased morbidity and adverse clinical outcomes. Recent data suggest that supine bicycle stress echocardiography (sBEE) is feasible ...
Mihaescu Adelina - - 2013
Background: End-stage renal disease patients can be considered as 'cardiovascular time bombs' due to their tremendous cardiovascular risk. Our study has determined the impact of 3 months of exercise training during dialysis on some of the cardiovascular risk factors (arterial stiffness, body composition and physical performance) in a chronic hemodialyzed ...
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