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Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to document the effect of individual strengthening exercises for posterior pelvic tilt muscles on back pain, pelvic tilt angle, and lumbar ROM of a low back pain (LBP) patient with excessive lordosis. [Subjects] The subject was a 28 year-old male with excessive lordosis who ...
Horwood Anna A School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
The relative efficiency of different eye exercise regimes is unclear, and in particular the influences of practice, placebo and the amount of effort required are rarely considered. This study measured conventional clinical measures following different regimes in typical young adults. A total of 156 asymptomatic young adults were directed to ...
Diego Miguel A MA Touch Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine Miami, FL 33101, United States; Fielding Graduate University, 2020 De la Vina Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105-3814, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effects of massage therapy (moderate pressure stroking) and exercise (flexion and extension of limbs) on preterm infants' weight gain and to explore potential underlying mechanisms for those effects. Weight gain and parasympathetic nervous system activity were assessed in 30 preterm infants randomly assigned to a massage therapy ...
Carrick-Ranson Graeme C GC 1University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in - - 2014
An increased "dose" of endurance exercise training is associated with a greater maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), a larger left ventricular (LV) mass, and improved heart rate and blood pressure control. However, the effect of lifelong exercise dose on metabolic and hemodynamic response during exercise has not been previously examined. Methods ...
Vermeulen Ruud Cw - - 2014
The insufficient metabolic adaptation to exercise in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is still being debated and poorly understood. We analysed the cardiopulmonary exercise tests of CFS patients, idiopathic chronic fatigue (CFI) patients and healthy visitors. Continuous non-invasive measurement of the cardiac output by Nexfin(R) (BMEYE B.V. Amsterdam, the Netherlands) was ...
Chrysostomou Vicki V Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have previously shown that the optic nerve of mice becomes increasingly vulnerable to injury with advancing age. Here, we investigated whether regular exercise can modify this age-related vulnerability and improve optic nerve recovery after injury. Aged (12-month-old) C57BL/6J mice were exercised by swimming for 60 min/d, 5 d/wk for ...
Al-Asoom Lubna Ibrahim LI Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, P. O. Box 2114, Ad Dammām, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Exercise training is employed as supplementary therapeutic intervention for heart failure, due to its ability to induce physiological cardiac hypertrophy. In parallel, supplementation with Nigella sativa (N. sativa) was found to enhance myocardial function and induce cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we aim to compare the morphological and electrophysiological changes ...
Goodall Stuart S Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle, - - 2014
We asked whether acclimatisation to chronic hypoxia (CH) attenuates the level of supraspinal fatigue that is observed after locomotor exercise in acute hypoxia (AH). Seven recreationally-active participants performed identical bouts of constant-load cycling (131±39W, 10.1±1.4min) on three occasions: 1) in normoxia (N, PI O2 , 147.1mmHg); 2) in AH (FI ...
Oppewal Alyt A Intellectual Disability Medicine, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is an independent predictor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. To investigate the usefulness of HRR in cardiorespiratory exercise testing in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), the aims of this study were (a) to assess HRR in older adults with ID after the 10-m ...
Lloyd Lisa K LK 1Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 2Nutrition and Foods, Texas State University-San Marcos, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX - - 2014
Due to the well-documented linear relationship between heart rate and oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate is commonly used to estimate energy expenditure during exercise. However, previous research suggests that heart rate increases without a concomitant rise in VO2 when arm movements are added to exercise. If so, this could impact ...
Oh Shin J SJ Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Objective: To find the best exercise duration for post-exercise exhaustion by decrement (PEE-D) in myasthenia gravis (MG). Materials and methods: In 32 tests in 32 MG patients, repetitive nerve stimulation was performed in the abductor digiti quinti muscle. 3-Hz responses for 2 s were obtained with supramaximal stimulation at rest, ...
Ichihashi Noriaki N Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The military press is an exercise frequently prescribed for scapular and shoulder rehabilitation. Although this exercise has previously been analyzed by electromyography, its kinematic features remain poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to clarify these features of the military press and suggest relevant clinical applications. Sixteen healthy men participated ...
Nocera Joe J VA Rehabilitation R&D Center of Excellence, Atlanta VAMC, Decatur, - - 2014
Studies suggest improvements of neurocognitive function among older adults who undergo aerobic exercise training. This study sought to examine the impact of an aerobic exercise intervention on verbal fluency in sedentary older adults. Twenty community-dwelling older adults were recruited and enrolled to a 'Spin' exercise group or a control condition. ...
O'Hara Shannon E SE School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objectifying nature of exercise environments may prevent women from reaping psychological benefits of exercise. The present experiment manipulated self-objectification through an exercise class taught by an instructor who emphasized exercise as either a means of acquiring appearance or health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test for ...
Lundberg Tommy R TR 1Mid Sweden - - 2014
As aerobic exercise (AE) may interfere with adaptations to resistance exercise (RE), this study explored acute and chronic responses to consecutive AE (~45 min cycling) and RE (4 x 7 maximal knee extensions), vs. RE only. Ten men performed acute unilateral AE+RE interspersed by 15 min recovery. The contralateral leg ...
Burr J F JF Applied Human Sciences, UPEI, Charlottetown, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the arterial stiffness of male ultra-marathon runners (n=9) using pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and radial tonometry over the course of an ultra-marathon and during recovery. Measures were collected at rest, immediately following 45 km/75 km of running, then following 60 and 90 min of recovery. ...
Horvath S J SJ Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, OSU Veterinary Medical Center, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Greyhounds have several hematologic variables that are outside of the respective reference intervals of other dog breeds. In addition, increases in HCT, total protein and HGB concentration, and RBC and WBC counts occur immediately after exercise; these values return to resting values within a few hour after racing. This study ...
Rodrigues Lausanne B C C LB aAssociate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB bOswaldo Cruz Hospital, Pernambuco University, Pernambuco cSchool of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil dDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, - - 2014
To analyze the posteffects of a single bout of resistance exercise on cardiovascular parameters in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Randomized cross-over. Seventeen PAD patients performed two experimental sessions: control (C) and resistance exercise (R). Both sessions were identical (eight exercises, 3×10 repetitions), except that the R session was ...
Mierau Andreas A Institute of Movement and Neurosciences, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical exercise is known to induce a range of transient or sustained psychophysiological effects including stress reduction and improvements in cognitive performance. Previous studies in the area have focused on adults and there has been little research on the relationship between physical exercise and brain function in young children. This ...
Khouri Michel G MG Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3085, Durham, NC, 27710, - - 2014
Conventional resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessments have limitations for detecting doxorubicin (DOX)-related cardiac dysfunction. Novel resting echocardiographic parameters, including 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and global longitudinal strain (GLS), have potential for early identification of chemotherapy-related myocardial injury. Exercise "stress" is an established method to uncover impairments in cardiac function ...
Yu Chang Ho - - 2014
A new training system that can adjust training intensity and indicate the center pressure of a subject was proposed by applying controlled electric current to the Magneto-Rheological damper. The experimental studying on the muscular activities were performed in lower extremities during maintaining and moving exercises, which were processed on an ...
Zigmond Michael J - - 2014
There is clinical evidence that the symptoms of Parkinson's disease can be ameliorated by physical exercise, and we have been using animal models to explore the hypothesis that such exercise can also be neuroprotective. To do so we have focused on models of the dopamine deficiency associated with motor symptoms ...
Brolinson P Gunnar PG The Edward Via Collegeof Osteopathic MedicineDepartment of Sports MedicineVirginia TechBlacksburg, - - 2014
To systematically review the evidence for rest, treatment, and rehabilitation after sport-related concussion. Nine databases including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Sport Discus, and Web of Science were searched for studies that evaluated the effect of rest separately from the effects of treatment and/or rehabilitation, using words related ...
Downs Meghan E ME 1Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, Texas; 2Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering Group, Human Performance and Engineering Division, Houston, Texas; 3Exercise Science Department, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York; 4Universites Space Research Association, Houston, - - 2014
Blood flow restricted resistance exercise improves muscle strength; however, the cardiovascular response is not well understood. This investigation measured local vascular responses, tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), and cardiovascular responses during supine unilateral leg press and heel raise exercise in four conditions: high load with no occlusion cuff (HL), low load ...
Fischer Ronald R Centre for Applied Cross-Cultural Research & School of Psychology, Victoria University Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand ; LEVYNA Laboratory for the Experimental Research of Religion, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech - - 2014
How do people feel during extreme collective rituals? Despite longstanding speculation, few studies have attempted to quantify ritual experiences. Using a novel pre/post design, we quantified physiological fluctuations (heart rates) and self-reported affective states from a collective fire-walking ritual in a Mauritian Hindu community. Specifically, we compared changes in levels ...
Kim Bo-In BI Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study analyzed the activities of the back and hip muscles during Pilates exercises conducted in a prone position. [Subjects] The subjects were 18 healthy women volunteers who had practiced at a Pilates center for more than three months. [Methods] The subjects performed three Pilates exercises. To examine muscle ...
Vigorito Carlo C Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II Naples, - - 2014
Progressive aging induces several structural and functional alterations in the cardiovascular system, among whom particularly important are a reduced number of myocardial cells and increased interstitial collagen fibers, which result in impaired left ventricular diastolic function. Even in the absence of cardiovascular disease, aging is strongly associated to a age-related ...
Buono Michael J MJ School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University San Diego, CA 92182-7251, USA ; Department of Biology, San Diego State University San Diego, CA 92182-7251, - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of air temperature on the rectal temperature gradient at rest and during exercise. It was hypothesized that the rectal temperature gradient would be exacerbated in cold environments and attenuated in warm environments both at rest and during exercise. Each ...
Machado-Vidotti Heloisa G HG Sao Carlos School of Engineering, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the cardiac autonomic responses during upper versus lower limb discontinuous resistance exercise (RE) at different loads in healthy older men. Method: Ten volunteers (65±1.2 years) underwent the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test to determine the maximum load for the bench press and the leg press. Discontinuous RE was ...
Ogihara Cristiana A CA Department of Physiology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (FMABC), Avenida Principe de Gales 821, Vila Principe de Gales, 09060-650 Santo Andre, SP, Brazil ; Department of Physiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Botucatu 862, Vila Clementino, 04023-901 Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Exercise training reduces sympathetic activity in hypertensive humans and rats. We hypothesized that the swimming exercise would change the neurotransmission in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a key region involved in sympathetic outflow, and hemodynamic control in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Bilateral injections of kynurenic acid ...
Anderson Nathan S NS Cardiology Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, San Antonio, TX 78234-6200, - - 2014
Exercise induced bundle branch block is a rare observation in exercise testing, accounting for 0.5 percent of exercise tests. The best treatment of this condition and its association with coronary disease remain unclear. We describe a case associated with normal coronary arteries which was successfully treated with exercise training. While ...
Nicolò Andrea A Department of Human Movement, Social and Health Sciences, "Foro Italico" University, Rome, - - 2014
The present study proposes an alternative way of comparing performance and acute physiological responses to continuous exercise with those of intermittent exercise, ensuring similar between-protocol overall effort (isoeffort) and the same total duration of exercise (isotime). This approach was expected to overcome some drawbacks of traditional methods of comparison. Fourteen ...
Hedreville Mona M Laboratory ACTES (EA 3596), Department of Physiology, French West Indies and Guiana University, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, France; Emergency Care Department, Academic Hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, - - 2014
A decreased global autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and increased sympathetic activation in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) seem to worsen the clinical severity and could play a role in the pathophysiology of the disease, notably by triggering vaso-occlusive crises. Because exercise challenges the ANS activity in the general ...
Leung Ting-Kai TK Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Taipei Medical University Hospital & Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2013
Previous biomolecular and animal studies have shown that a room-temperature far-infrared-rayemitting ceramic material (bioceramic) demonstrates physical-biological effects, including the normalization of psychologically induced stress-conditioned elevated heart rate in animals. In this clinical study, the Harvard step test, the resting metabolic rate (RMR) assessment and the treadmill running test were conducted ...
Dempsey Jerome A JA 1University of Wisconsin - - - 2013
During sojourn to high altitudes progressive time-dependent increases occur in ventilation and in sympathetic nerve activity over several days and these increases persist upon acute restoration of normoxia. We discuss evidence concerning potential mediators of these changes including: a) correction of alkalinity in cerebrospinal fluid; b) increased sensitivity of carotid ...
Velders Martina M Division of Sports and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ulm University Medical Center, - - 2013
To elucidate cell free DNA (cfDNA) clearance kinetics following an acute bout of high intensity exercise by measuring circulating DNase activity reduction (AR). Serum cfDNA concentration and DNase-AR were measured prior to and post (immediately post, 7 and 30 minutes post) an acute bout of rowing exercise until exhaustion. Serum ...
Bisson Etienne J EJ Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, 125 University Private, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, - - 2013
The reduction in the quality and integration of sensory information with aging could increase the alterations in postural control associated with muscle fatigue observed in younger adults. This study aimed to compare changes in postural control and attentional demands due to ankle muscle fatigue, with intact and reduced proprioceptive information ...
Rengo Giuseppe G Division of Cardiology, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Scientific Institute of Telese Terme (BN), Italy; Division of Geriatrics, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, - - 2013
Short-term changes of neurohormones can give important prognostic information in heart failure (HF) patients. In this study, we evaluate whether changes in plasma Norepinephrine (NE) and serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) after exercise training predict cardiac mortality in HF patients. We enrolled 221 HF patients (mean age 72.5±10.2year) followed-up ...
Ellingson Laura D LD William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2013
Pain sensitivity decreases with exercise. The mechanisms that underlie this exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) are unclear. Our purpose was to investigate conditioned pain modulation (CPM) as a potential mechanism of EIH. Sixteen women completed pain testing during three sessions: painful exercise, nonpainful exercise, and quiet rest. Intensity and unpleasantness ratings to ...
Shi Lijun L Department of Exercise Physiology, Beijing Sport University, Xinxi Road 48, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, P. R. China. - - 2013
This study was designed to determine the effects of aerobic exercise training on aging-associated selective changes of the function and expression of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (MaxiK) channels in mesenteric arteries. Male Wistar rats aged 19-21 months were randomly assigned to sedentary (O-SED) and exercise-trained groups (O-EX). Two-month-old rats were ...
Vesterinen Ville V 1KIHU - Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyväskylä, Finland 2Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a novel heart rate-running speed index could be used in monitoring adaptation to endurance training. Forty-five recreational runners underwent a two-phased 28-week training regime. The first 14-weeks included basic endurance training whereas the second 14-weeks were more intensive (increased volume and ...
Yoon Wai Lam WL Division of Graduate Medical Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, MD5, Level 3, 12 Medical Drive, Singapore, 117598, Singapore, - - 2013
For patients with dysphagia resulting from upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction, strengthening the suprahyoid muscles through therapeutic exercise has proved effective in restoring oral feeding. The aim of this study was to compare the maximum and mean surface electromyography (sEMG) activity of the suprahyoid muscles during the Chin Tuck Against Resistance ...
Costalat Guillaume G Faculté des sciences du sport, CETAPS, EA n°3832, Université de Rouen, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Trained breath-hold divers (BHDs) are exposed to repeated bouts of intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia during prolonged breath-holding. It has thus been hypothesized that their specific training may develop enhanced chemo-responsiveness to hypoxia associated with reduced ventilatory response to hypercapnia. Hypercapnic ventilatory responses (HCVR) and hypoxic ventilatory responses at rest (HVRr) ...
Lalande Sophie S 1University of Western - - 2013
Cardiac and peripheral vasomotor factors contribute to the rapid pressor response at the onset of isometric handgrip exercise. We tested the hypothesis that age enhances the sympathetic and vasoconstrictor response at the onset of isometric handgrip exercise so that the pressor response is maintained despite a diminished cardiac function. Methods: ...
Monk-Hansen Tea - - 2013
Objectives: This study investigates the effect of aerobic interval training on diastolic function at rest and during exercise in stable heart transplant (HTx) recipients. Design: 23 stable HTx recipients (74% males, mean age 50 ±14.9 years) were recruited to a training programme. Intervention was 8 weeks intensive training or control ...
Bertrand Philippe B PB Department of Cardiology, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2013
Restrictive mitral valve annuloplasty combined with coronary artery bypass grafting is the treatment of choice for ischemic mitral regurgitation. Postoperative functional mitral stenosis and its potential impact on functional capacity remain the object of debate. The aim of this study was to assess functional and hemodynamic outcome at rest and ...
Toy William A - - 2013
Exercise has been shown to be beneficial for Parkinson's disease (PD). A major interest in our lab has been to investigate how exercise modulates basal ganglia function and modifies disease progression. Dopamine (DA) depletion leads to loss of dendritic spines within the caudate nucleus and putamen (striatum) in PD and ...
Ahn Andrew H - - 2013
Several lines of evidence affirm a positive role for exercise in the management of migraine. This review highlights the latest research supporting this view, covering not only its epidemiologic aspects but also the pain modulatory systems that are likely to be engaged by exercise. Recent research provides broad and consistent ...
De Sant'anna M M - - 2013
Aim: We investigated the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the time to fatigue, rates of perceived exertion (RPE), and cardiovascular responses during sustained, high-intensity exercise (80% of VO2peak). Methods: Healthy male subjects (N.=11) underwent CPAP adaptation at rest to exclude those who felt incapable of breathing with ...
Yasuda Tomohiro - - 2013
Low-intensity resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) has been shown to induce a prominent increase in muscle activation in response to muscle fatigue. However, the magnitude of muscle fatigue between continuous (Con-BFR) and intermittent BFR (Int-BFR, BFR only during exercise) is currently unknown. We examined the effect of Con-BFR ...
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