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Porta-Roda Oriol O Service of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy and safety of Kegel exercises performed with or without, vaginal spheres as treatment for women with urinary incontinence. Multicentre parallel-group, open, randomized controlled trial. Women were allocated to either a pelvic floor muscle-training program consisting of Kegel exercises performed twice daily, 5 days/week at home, over ...
Gerber Tracey T College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC, 8001, - - 2014
Exercise at 50-60 % of peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) stimulates maximal fat oxidation rates. Despite a lower estimated work performed; high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) training produces greater fat mass reductions when compared with workload-matched continuous (CON) steady state exercise. No metabolic basis has been documented nor mechanisms offered to explain ...
Bezrati-Benayed I I Laboratory of Biochemistry, Rabta Hospital, Tunisia ; Research Laboratory "Sport Performance Optimization", National Center for Medicine and Sciences of Sports, - - 2014
Creatine plays a key role in muscle function and its evaluation is important in athletes. In this study, urinary creatine concentration was measured in order to highlight its possible significance in monitoring sprinters. The study included 51 sprinters and 25 age- and sex-matched untrained subjects as a control group. Body ...
Jolley Daniel D School of Sport Science, Exercise, and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of dehydration on urinary levels of pseudoephedrine (PSE) after prolonged repeated effort activity. Fourteen athletes performed a simulated team game circuit (STGC) outdoors over 120 min under three different hydration protocols: hydrated (HYD), dehydrated (DHY) and dehydrated + post-exercise fluid bolus (BOL). In all trials, ...
Prudencio Caroline Baldini CB Post Graduate Program in Women's Health, USP, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Urinary incontinence (UI) is defined as any involuntary loss of urine that can influence the quality of life, personal hygiene and social interaction. The types of UI that most affect women are stress urinary incontinence, urge incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence. There are several risk factors that result in specific ...
Crowell Adrienne A Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University College Station, TX, - - 2014
Numerous experiments have found that exercising self-control reduces success on subsequent, seemingly unrelated self-control tasks. Such evidence lends support to a strength model that posits a limited and depletable resource underlying all manner of self-control. Recent theory and evidence suggest that exercising self-control may also increase approach-motivated impulse strength. The ...
Porserud Andrea - - 2013
Objective:Assessment of feasibility and effects of an exercise training programme in patients following cystectomy due to urinary bladder cancer.Design:Single-blind, pilot, randomized controlled trial.Setting:University hospital, Sweden.Subjects:Eighteen patients (64-78 years), of 89 suitable, cystectomized due to urinary bladder cancer, were randomized after hospital discharge to intervention or control.Interventions:The 12-week exercise programme included ...
Minshall Clare - - 2013
It is of burgeoning importance that the human body burden of aluminium is understood and is measured. There are surprisingly few data to describe human excretion of systemic aluminium and almost no reliable data which relate to aluminium in sweat. We have measured the aluminium content of sweat in 20 ...
Eder Scott Evan - - 2013
Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety of the EmbaGYN™ Pelvic Floor Exerciser, a battery-powered neuromuscular stimulation device with a vaginal, two-electrode stimulation probe in women with stress urinary incontinence. Materials & methods: In this prospective, open-label, multicenter, single-arm study, patients with stress urinary incontinence (n = 83) underwent 12 ...
Kippelen Pascale - - 2013
Airway epithelial injury is regarded as a key contributing factor to the pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in athletes. The concentration of the pneumoprotein club cell (Clara cell) CC16 in urine has been found to be a non-invasive marker for hyperpnoea-induced airway epithelial perturbation. Exercise-hyperpnoea induces mechanical, thermal and osmotic ...
Simpson Andrew John - - 2013
Repeated injury of the airway epithelium caused by hyperpnoea of poorly conditioned air has been proposed as a key factor in the pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in athletes. In animals, the short-acting β2-agonist terbutaline has been shown to reduce dry airflow-induced bronchoconstriction and the associated shedding of airway epithelial ...
Santilli F - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with cardiovascular risk reduction, but the effects of exercise on platelet activation remain controversial. We investigated the effects of regular high-amount, high intensity aerobic exercise on in vivo thromboxane (TX)-dependent platelet activation and plasma levels of platelet-derived proteins, CD40L and P-selectin, and whether platelet variables changes ...
Bø Kari - - 2013
What evidence is there for alternative exercises to specific pelvic floor muscle training for treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women? A systematic review was conducted with searches of PubMed and PEDro to January 2013. The quality of randomised trials was evaluated using the PEDro scale. Each type of exercise ...
Pelaez Mireia - - 2013
AIMS: To investigate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) taught in a general exercise class during pregnancy on the prevention of urinary incontinence (UI) in nulliparous continent pregnant women. METHODS: This was a unicenter two armed randomized controlled trial. One hundred sixty-nine women were randomized by a central ...
Koehler Karsten - - 2013
Glycerol is prohibited as a masking agent by the World Anti-Doping Agency and a urinary threshold has recently been recommended. However, little is known about urinary glycerol excretion after exercise, when (1) exogenous glycerol is metabolized increasingly and (2) endogenous glycerol levels are elevated. The purpose of the placebo-controlled cross-over ...
Junglee Naushad A - - 2012
Aim: We sought to determine if an acute kidney injury biomarker, neutrophil gelatinaseassociated lipocalin (NGAL), would be up-regulated by high-intensity proteinuria-inducing exercise. Methods: A prospective cohort design was utilised. 100 healthy, active adults (mean age 24 ± 4 (SD) years) were screened for post-exercise proteinuria (PeP); 10 PeP positive and ...
Oldham Jackie - - 2012
AIMS: To test the null hypothesis that a novel disposable "tampon like" electrostimulation device (Pelviva®) is no better than unsupervised pelvic floor muscle exercise for treatment of urinary incontinence in women. METHODS: Pre/post-intervention assessor blinded, single center RCT. A total of 123 community dwelling self referred women with symptoms of ...
Szabo Attila - - 2012
Running yields positive changes in affect, but the external validity of controlled studies has received little attention in the literature. In this inquiry, 50 recreational runners completed the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory (Gauvin & Rejeskí, 1993) before and after a bout of self-planned running on an urban running path. Positive changes ...
Mascarenhas Michel Platiny - - 2012
Intrauterine device (IUD) is a common contraceptive method, due to its cost-effectiveness and low complication rates. Uterine perforation is a possible complication and IUD migration to the bladder is a rare and morbid condition. The present report describes an interesting case in which the urinary manifestations started 13 years after ...
Schueller Stephen M - - 2012
The recent growth of positive psychology has led to a proliferation in exercises to increase positive thoughts, behaviors, and emotions. Preliminary evidence suggests that these exercises hold promise as an approach for reducing depressive symptoms. These exercises are typically researched in isolation as single exercises. The current study examined the ...
Karageorghis Costas I - - 2012
Since a 1997 review by Karageorghis and Terry, which highlighted the state of knowledge and methodological weaknesses, the number of studies investigating musical reactivity in relation to exercise has swelled considerably. In this two-part review paper, the development of conceptual approaches and mechanisms underlying the effects of music are explicated ...
Karageorghis Costas I - - 2012
Since a 1997 review by Karageorghis and Terry, which highlighted the state of knowledge and methodological weaknesses, the number of studies investigating musical reactivity in relation to exercise has swelled considerably. In this two-part review paper, the development of conceptual approaches and mechanisms underlying the effects of music are explicated ...
Pedersen Lars - - 2011
Elite athletes have a high prevalence of asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Although respiratory symptoms can be suggestive of asthma, the diagnosis of asthma in elite athletes cannot be based solely on the presence or absence of symptoms; diagnosis should be based on objective measurements, such as the eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea ...
Randolph Christopher - - 2011
This article reviews the diagnostic challenge methods-both exercise and surrogate-for diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) and EIB with known asthma. Indirect challenges that release the entire repertoire of mediators representative of EIB and asthma are more specific for diagnosis and are recommended over direct challenges such as methacholine challenge, which ...
Petersen Susanne Germann - - 2011
: The purpose of this study was to determine muscle and tendon protein fractional synthesis rates (FSR) at rest and after a one-legged kicking exercise in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) receiving either placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). : Twenty patients with knee OA (50-70 yr) were enrolled. For ...
Manini T M TM Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0107, USA. - - 2011
Resistance exercise performed at low loads (20-30% of maximal strength) with blood flow restriction (BFR) acutely increases protein synthesis and induces hypertrophy when performed chronically. We investigated myogenic and proteolytic mRNA expression 8 h following an acute bout of knee extension exercise. Fifteen subjects (22.8 ± 3.7 years, eight men ...
Da Silva Adelino S R - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of intensity of exercise on insulin resistance and the expression of inflammatory proteins in the skeletal muscle of diet-induced obese (DIO) rats after a single bout of exercise. In the first exercise protocol, the rats swam for two 3-h bouts, separated by a 45-min rest period ...
Pennings Bart - - 2011
Sarcopenia seems to be attributed to a blunted muscle protein synthetic response to food intake and exercise. This blunted response could be the result of impaired protein digestion and absorption kinetics and lead to lower postprandial plasma amino acid availability. The objective was to compare in vivo dietary protein digestion ...
Philp Andrew - - 2011
For over 10 years, we have known that the activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) has correlated with the increase in skeletal muscle size and strength that occurs following resistance exercise. Initial cell culture and rodent models of muscle growth demonstrated that the activation of mTORC1 ...
Moore D R - - 2011
Aim:  Feeding protein after resistance exercise enhances the magnitude and duration of myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) over that induced by feeding alone. We hypothesized that the underlying mechanism for this would be a greater and prolonged phosphorylation of signalling involved in protein translation. Methods:  Seven healthy young males performed unilateral ...
Ahtiainen Juha P - - 2011
Effects of heavy resistance exercise on serum testosterone and skeletal muscle androgen receptor (AR) concentrations were examined before and after a 21-week resistance training period. Seven healthy untrained young adult men (YT) and ten controls (YC) as well as ten older men (OT) and eight controls (OC) volunteered as subjects. ...
Lessard Sarah J SJ Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Bundoora, Victoria, - - 2011
We have used a novel model of genetically imparted endurance exercise capacity and metabolic health to study the genetic and environmental contributions to skeletal muscle glucose and lipid metabolism. We hypothesized that metabolic abnormalities associated with low intrinsic running capacity would be ameliorated by exercise training. Selective breeding for 22 ...
Reitelseder Søren - - 2011
Muscle protein turnover following resistance exercise and amino acid availability are relatively well described. By contrast, the beneficial effects of different sources of intact proteins in relation to exercise need further investigation. Our objective was to compare muscle anabolic responses to a single bolus intake of whey or casein after ...
Apró W - - 2010
Skeletal muscle growth is thought to be regulated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, which can be activated by resistance exercise and branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). The major aim of the present study was to distinguish between the influence of resistance exercise and BCAA on key enzymes considered ...
Oliver Gretchen D - - 2010
Sport health care professionals are always trying to increase muscle activation while instructing exercises that are functional to the sport performance. However, the traditional core exercises are the ones typically performed. This study examined the muscle activation of the lumbopelvic hip complex during traditional core stability exercises and that of ...
Moriggi Manuela - - 2010
The present investigation, the first in the field, was aimed at analyzing differentially, on individual samples, the effects of 55 days of horizontal bed rest, a model for microgravity, on myosin heavy and myosin light chain isoforms distribution (by SDS) and on the proteome (by 2-D DIGE and MS) in ...
Hittel Dustin S DS Human Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, Roger Jackson Center for Health and Wellness, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. - - 2010
There is mounting evidence that skeletal muscle produces and secretes biologically active proteins or "myokines" that facilitate metabolic cross talk between organ systems. The increased expression of myostatin, a secreted anabolic inhibitor of muscle growth and development, has been associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Despite these intriguing findings, there ...
Timmons James A - - 2011
When human skeletal muscle is exposed to exercise training, the outcomes, in terms of physiological adaptation, are unpredictable. The significance of this fact has long been underappreciated, and only recently has progress been made in identifying some of the molecular bases for the heterogeneous response to exercise training. It is ...
McGee Sean L - - 2011
The spatial association between genomic DNA and histone proteins within chromatin plays a key role in the regulation of gene expression and is largely governed by post-translational modifications to histone proteins, particularly H3 and H4. These modifications include phosphorylation, acetylation, and mono-, di-, and tri-methylation, and while some are associated ...
Hawley John A - - 2011
Skeletal muscle displays remarkable plasticity, enabling substantial adaptive modifications in its metabolic potential and functional characteristics in response to external stimuli such as mechanical loading and nutrient availability. Contraction-induced adaptations are determined largely by the mode of exercise and the volume, intensity, and frequency of the training stimulus. However, evidence ...
Gandra P G - - 2012
Exercise can alter gene transcriptional and protein translational rates leading to changes in protein abundance toward adaptation to exercise. We investigated the alterations in protein abundance in skeletal muscle after one bout of an exhaustive exercise through proteomic analysis. Gastrocnemius muscles were sampled from non-exercised control rats and from rats ...
Roef Mark - - 2011
This study evaluated the impact of limited and strenuous physical exercise on [(18)F]methylcholine uptake in muscle. Ten consecutive patients participated, three of whom had strict bed rest, three were allowed to walk around and four performed strenuous single arm exercise by lifting a 7.5-kg weight. [(18)F]Methylcholine uptake was measured in ...
Sarzynski Mark A - - 2010
It is not known whether the genes involved with endurance performance during young adulthood are also involved with changes in performance. We examined the associations of gene variants with symptom-limited exercise test duration at baseline and decrease in duration over 20 years. A total of 3783 (1835 black, 1948 white) ...
Gasier H G - - 2011
Aim:  The purpose of this study was to determine the anabolic response of a single bout of high intensity resistance exercise (RE) following 5 weeks of RE training. Methods:  To complete these studies, Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned by body mass to RE, exercise control (EC), or sedentary cage control (CC) groups ...
Keller Pernille P Translational Biomedicine, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, - - 2011
The molecular pathways that are activated and contribute to physiological remodeling of skeletal muscle in response to endurance exercise have not been fully characterized. We previously reported that ∼800 gene transcripts are regulated following 6 wk of supervised endurance training in young sedentary males, referred to as the training-responsive transcriptome ...
Camera Donny M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the early time course of exercise-induced signaling after divergent contractile activity associated with resistance and endurance exercise. Sixteen male subjects were randomly assigned to either a cycling (CYC; n = 8, 60 min, 70% V˙O2peak) or resistance (REX; n = 8, 8 ...
Roberts Michael D - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine if consuming isoenergetic (25 g) doses of carbohydrate or protein versus a noncaloric placebo before conventional resistance training affected the myogenic expression of cell cycle-regulating genes as well as the muscle [DNA] acutely after exercise. Ten untrained men (mean +/- SD: age ...
Niu Yanmei - - 2010
Insulin resistance (IR) is a common pathophysiological feature of Type 2 diabetes. Although the mechanisms leading to IR are still elusive, evidence has shown that aerobic exercise can reverse this process. To investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on IR, the authors created an IR animal model by feeding C57BL/6 ...
Ibarz Antoni - - 2011
Two groups of juvenile gilthead sea bream were kept on two different swimming regimes (Exercise, E: 1.5 body length s(-1) or Control, C: voluntary activity) for 1 month. All fish were first adapted to an experimental diet low in protein and rich in digestible carbohydrates (37.2% protein, 40.4% carbohydrates, 12.5% lipid). The ...
Newsom Sean A SA School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2011
We previously reported that a single exercise session protects against fatty acid (FA)-induced insulin resistance, perhaps in part through augmented intramyocellular triacylglycerol (IMTG) synthesis. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of elevated FA availability after exercise on factors regulating IMTG metabolism. After exercise (90 minutes, 65% ...
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