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Jówko Ewa E Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biala Podlaska, Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Akademicka 2, 21-500, Biala Podlaska, Poland, - - 2014
Although research suggests that antioxidant supplementation can protect against exercise-induced muscle damage and oxidative stress, also delayed post-exercise muscle recovery and hindered adaptation to training were reported in the supplemented athletes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of green tea extract (GTE) supplementation on selected blood ...
Huh Joo Young JY Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism (J.Y.H., A.F., G.P., K.H.P., C.S.M.), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA; School of Physical Education and Sports Science (V.M., A.K., A.S.), Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (I.F., I.I.D.), Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece; Department of Family Medicine (K.H.P.), Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Gyeonggi-do, Korea; Section of Endocrinology (C.S.M.), Boston VA Healthcare System, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02130, - - 2014
Context: Irisin has been proposed to be a myokine mediating the effect of exercise on adipocyte browning. The physiology of irisin in humans is not completely understood. Objective: To study the physiology of irisin in healthy individuals with different age and fitness level and to explore direct effects of irisin ...
Casuso Rafael Antonio RA Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, 23071, Jaén, Spain, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of oral quercetin (Q) supplementation and exercise prevents mitochondrial biogenesis. Four groups of Wistar rats were tested: quercetin-sedentary (Q-sedentary); quercetin-exercised (Q-exercised); no-quercetin-sedentary (NQ-sedentary); and no-quercetin-exercised (NQ-exercised). Treadmill exercise training took place 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Quercetin groups were ...
Turner James E JE *Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, - - 2014
Ultra-endurance races are extreme exercise events that can take place over large parts of a day, several consecutive days or over weeks and months interspersed by periods of rest and recovery. Since the first ultra-endurance races in the late 1970s, around 1000 races are now held worldwide each year, and ...
Fujitani Mina M a Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Graduate School of Agriculture , Kyoto University , Sakyou-ku , - - 2014
Fatty acids (FA) are an important energy source during exercise. In addition to its role as an energy supply for skeletal muscle, FA may activate signaling pathways that regulate gene expression. FA translocase/cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) and G protein-coupled receptor GPR120 are long-chain FA receptors. In this study, we ...
Golbidi S S Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
The effect of antioxidants in aging, type 2 diabetic (T2D) hearts during exercise is unclear. We hypothesized that glutathione (GSH) therapy during exercise reduces mitochondrial oxidative stress (mOXS) and cell death in aging db/db mice hearts. The effect of GSH on cardiac mOXS and cell death were evaluated both in ...
Murlasits Zsolt Z Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Alkotás Str. 44, Budapest, Hungary, - - 2014
The incidence of myopathy increases dramatically in statin users who also exercise, likely limiting the positive impact of this lifesaving medication. New evidence also indicates that statin use can directly compromise aerobic exercise capacity; however, we are just beginning to understand the interactions of statins with exercise training and adaptations. ...
Gorgey Ashraf S - - 2014
Diet and exercise are cornerstones in the management of obesity and associated metabolic complications, including insulin resistance, type II diabetes, and disturbances in the lipid profile. However, the role of exercise in managing body composition adaptations and metabolic disorders after spinal cord injury (SCI) is not well established. The current ...
Schwingshackl Lukas L Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14 (UZAII), 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
This study aimed to systematically review randomised controlled trials comparing the effects of aerobic exercise training (AET), resistance training (RT) and combined training (CT) on glycaemic control and blood lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Searches were performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Inclusion criteria were: ...
Ghafouri Nazdar N Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Chronic neck/shoulder pain (CNSP) is one of the most common pain conditions. The understanding of mechanisms, including the peripheral balance between nociceptive and antinociceptive processes, is incomplete. N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are a class of endogenous compounds that regulate inflammation and pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels ...
Samia Badiea Ali Abdel BA Faculty of physical education for girls, Helwan University, - - 2014
Acute strenuous exercise can induce a state of oxidative stress affecting the involved muscles. Heptathlon is a multi-event exercise of two days duration and can be considered an acute, intensive endurance exercise. The purpose of this study is to compare the oxidative stress response to heptathlon events day by day ...
Venditti Paola - - 2014
Abstract Aim of the present study was to test, by vitamin E treatment, the hypothesis that muscle adaptive responses to training are mediated by free radicals produced during the single exercise sessions. Therefore, we determined aerobic capacity of tissue homogenates and mitochondrial fractions, tissue content of mitochondrial proteins and expression ...
Martorell Miquel M Laboratory of Physical Activity Sciences, Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress Group, University of the Balearic Islands E-07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. - - 2014
The aim was to determine the effects of a diet supplemented with 1.14 g per day of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for eight weeks on the plasma oxidative balance and anti-inflammatory markers after training and acute exercise. Fifteen volunteer male football players were randomly assigned to placebo or experimental and supplemented ...
Valgas da Silva Carmem P CP Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University , Rio Claro, SP, 13506-900 , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract L-Carnitine (L-Car) is taken as fat burner. The risks of L-Car supplementation for the cardiovascular system are unclear. We evaluated the relaxing responses of the mesenteric and aorta rings from rats after four weeks of L-Car supplementation and/or physical training. Concentration response curves to acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside ...
Moghaddasi Mehrnoush M Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, 381351698, Khorramabad, Iran, - - 2014
Regular exercise has beneficial effects on cerebrovascular diseases; however, its biochemical mechanisms are not fully known. The purpose of this study was to determine antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation of both hippocampi after applying exercise followed by occluding one common carotid. Wistar rats were divided into four groups of ...
Bohlooli S S Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran - - - 2014
Nutritional supplements have been very popular among athletes and individuals. Spinach is an important dietary vegetable rich in antioxidants which is commonly consumed. This study was conducted to assess the effects of chronic daily spinach supplementation on known markers of oxidative stress and muscle damage following half-marathonin well-trained healthy young ...
Canale Robert E RE Cardiorespiratory/Metabolic Laboratory, The University of Memphis, 106 Roane Field House, Memphis, TN, 38152, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise can reduce postprandial lipemia, and possibly oxidative stress, when performed prior to a lipid-rich meal. To compare the impact of acute exercise on postprandial oxidative stress. We compared aerobic and anaerobic exercise bouts of different intensities and durations on postprandial blood triglycerides (TAG), oxidative stress biomarkers (malondialdehyde, hydrogen ...
Matthias Anne Thushara - - 2014
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Control and reduction of cardiovascular risk factors such as elevated blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, excess of body weight, smoking and lack of exercise can contribute to a reduction of CVD mortality. A standardized questionnaire was administered to all medical ...
Kim Hee-Jae HJ Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Anti-convulsant effects of physical exercise and lipoic acid (LA), also referred to as thioctic acid with antioxidant activity, were investigated using chemical induced seizure model. We investigated the synergic effect of physical exercise and LA on kainic acid-induced seizure activity caused by oxidative stress. After 8 weeks of swimming training, body ...
Wilbanks Mitchell S MS Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, 39180 - - 2014
2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) is a nitroaromatic used in industrial dyes and explosives manufacturing processes that is found as a contaminant in the environment. Previous studies have implicated antagonism of PPARα signaling as a principal process affected by 2,4-DNT. Here, we test the hypothesis that 2,4-DNT-induced perturbations in PPARα signaling and resultant ...
Nellemann Birgitte B Aarhus University - - 2014
Overweight is associated with abnormalities of lipid metabolism; many of which are reversed by exercise. We investigated the impact of experimental antilipolysis and acute exercise on lipid kinetics and oxidation from VLDL-TG, plasma FFA, and "residual lipids" in overweight men (n=8) using VLDL-TG and palmitate tracers in combination with muscle ...
Balestra Costantino C Haute Ecole Paul-Henri Spaak, Environmental and Occupational Physiology Laboratory, Brussels, Belgium, is President of the European Underwater and Baromedical Society. E-mail: - - 2014
Vascular gas emboli (VGE) start forming during the degassing of tissues in the decompression (ascent) phase of the dive when bubble precursors (micronuclei) are triggered to growth. The precise formation mechanism of micronuclei is still debated, with formation sites in facilitating regions with surfactants, hydrophobic surfaces or crevices. Ho wever, ...
Huang Xing-Yu XY Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Thailand ; School of Physical Education, Gannan Normal University, China ; Back, Neck and Other Joint Pain Research Group, Khon Kaen University, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) exercise on antioxidant capacity, and DNA damage/repair in young females who did not perform regular physical exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Ten female students from a Chinese university voluntarily participated in this program. All of them ...
Ahmetov Ildus I - - 2014
ABSTRACT Exercise-induced oxidative stress is a state that primarily occurs in athletes involved in high-intensity sports when pro-oxidants overwhelm the antioxidant defense system to oxidize proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. During exercise, oxidative stress is linked to muscle metabolism and muscle damage, because exercise increases free radical production. The T ...
Córdova Martínez Alfredo A Departamento Bioquímica, Biología Molecular y Fisiología, E.U. Fisioterapia - Universidad Valladolid, Campus Universitario 'Duques de Soria', Soria, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in the basal and post-exercise plasma markers of muscular damage, lipid peroxidation and cytokines in eight male well-trained semiprofessional cyclists, in response to a three consecutive-day cycling competition. Serum markers of oxidative and muscular damage - creatine kinase activity, lactate ...
Stepanyan Vahan V a Institute of Sport and Exercise Science, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, 4811, - - 2014
Tocopherols (commonly referred to as "vitamin E") are frequently studied antioxidants in exercise research. However, the studies are highly heterogeneous, which has resulted in contradicting opinions. The aim of this review is to identify similar studies investigating the effects of tocopherol supplementation on exercise performance and oxidative stress and to ...
Speck Ana Elisa AE Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências (PPGNeuro), Centro de Ciências Biológicas-CCB, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina-UFSC, Florianópolis, SC, 88040-900, - - 2014
Exercise increases both the consumption of oxygen and the production of reactive species in biological tissues, and this is counterbalanced by antioxidant adaptations to regular physical training. When the intensity of exercise fluctuates between mild and moderate, it improves the status of reduction-oxidation balance in the brain and induces neuroplasticity. ...
Nyberg Michael M Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important signaling molecules with regulatory functions, and in young and adult organisms, the formation of ROS is increased during skeletal muscle contractions. However, ROS can be deleterious to cells when not sufficiently counterbalanced by the antioxidant system. Aging is associated with accumulation of oxidative damage ...
Van Craenenbroeck Amaryllis H AH Departments of Nephrology and Laboratory for Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, University of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium; and - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD, an observation that cannot be explained by the coexistence of traditional risk factors alone. Recently, other mechanisms, such as alterations in nitric oxide bioavailability, impaired endothelial repair mechanisms, inflammation, and oxidative stress (all characteristic in CKD), ...
Leonardo-Mendonça Roberto Carlos RC a Instituto de Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación Biomédica, Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud , Universidad de Granada , Granada , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether different phases of training affect oxidative stress and antioxidant defences in professional cyclists. Ten professional cyclists, aged 21.8 ± 2.5 years, were enrolled in the study. They were classified into two groups of five athletes each one with similar nutritional ...
Jones Andrew M AM Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK, - - 2014
Dietary nitrate is growing in popularity as a sports nutrition supplement. This article reviews the evidence base for the potential of inorganic nitrate to enhance sports and exercise performance. Inorganic nitrate is present in numerous foodstuffs and is abundant in green leafy vegetables and beetroot. Following ingestion, nitrate is converted ...
Myburgh Kathryn H KH Department of Physiological Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland, Stellenbosch, 7602, South Africa, - - 2014
Supplement use among athletes is widespread, including non-traditional and biological compounds. Despite increasing research, a comprehensive and critical review on polyphenol supplementation and exercise is still lacking. This review is relevant for researchers directly involved in the topic, as well as those with a broad interest in athletic performance enhancement ...
McKenzie M J MJ Winston Salem State University, Human Performance and Sport Sciences, Winston-Salem, United - - 2014
African-Americans are at a significantly greater risk for developing several diseases and conditions. These conditions often have underlying oxidative stress mechanisms. Therefore the purpose of this investigation was to ascertain the post-exercise oxidative response to a single bout of aerobic exercise in African-American and Caucasian college-age females. A total of ...
Ahn N N Department of Leisure and Sports Studies, College of Physical Education, Keimyung University, Daegu, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of obesity and ambient temperature on physiological responses and markers of oxidative stress to submaximal exercise in obese and lean people. Sixteen healthy males were divided into an obese group (n=8, %fat: 27.00±3.00%) and a lean group (n=8, %fat: 13.85±2.45%). Study variables were measured during ...
Ritchie Ian R W IR University of Guelph, - - 2014
Adiponectin (Ad) has been proposed to be a regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle, and necessary for exercise-induced increases in mitochondrial content. We first confirmed that Ad could acutely increase the expression of mitochondrial proteins during a 10-hr incubation in isolated soleus and EDL muscles. Next, we further examined ...
Isacco L L Laboratory Culture Sport Health Society, EA 4660, and Exercise Performance, Health, Innovation Platform, Franche-Comte University, 25000 Besançon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat mass localization affects lipid metabolism differently at rest and during exercise in overweight and normal-weight subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a low vs high ratio of abdominal to lower-body fat mass (index of adipose tissue distribution) on the exercise intensity (Lipoxmax) that ...
Ebisawa Soichiro S Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of - - 2014
Background: Atherosclerosis is believed to be caused by oxidative stress. Endovascular therapy (EVT) is effective for claudication of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, its effect on oxidative stress in PAD patients is unknown. Here, the impact of EVT on oxidative stress in PAD patients is investigated. Methods and Results: Twenty-five ...
Damirchi Arsalan A *Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran; †Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran; ‡Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran; and §Department of Physiology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2014
To study the influence of aerobic exercise training on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin resistance, and lipid profile in middle-aged men diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (MetS). This is an experimental repeated measure study. Subjects participated in aerobic training programs (18 sessions of 25-40 minutes per session) in Guilan University gymnasium ...
Capó Xavier X Laboratory of Physical Activity Sciences, Community Nutrition & Oxidative Stress Group, University of the Balearic Islands, Crtra. Valldemossa, km 7.5, 07122, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, - - 2014
Exercise induces oxidative stress and causes adaptations in antioxidant defenses. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a 2-month diet supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the pro-oxidant and antioxidant status of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during football training and after acute exercise. Fifteen ...
Hazell Tom J TJ a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, - - 2014
Data on whether sprint interval training (SIT) (repeated supermaximal intensity, short-duration exercise) affects body composition are limited, and the data that are available suggest that men respond more favourably than do women. Moreover, most SIT data involve cycling exercise, and running may differ because of the larger muscle mass involved. ...
Larsen Ryan G RG Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA; Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, - - 2014
High-intensity interval training (HIT) results in potent metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle, however little is known about the influence of these adaptations on energetics in vivo. We used magnetic resonance spectroscopy to examine the effects of HIT on ATP synthesis from net PCr breakdown (ATPCK ), oxidative phosphorylation (ATPOX ) ...
Zwinkels Maremka M 1Brain Center Rudolf Magnus and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, The - - 2014
Objective:An adequate wheelchair propulsion capacity is required to perform daily life activities. Exercise training may be effective to gain or improve wheelchair propulsion capacity. This review investigates whether different types of exercise training programs are effective in improving wheelchair propulsion capacity.Data sources:PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched from their respective ...
Sarıfakıoğlu Banu B Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Namik Kemal University, 100, Yıl Mah, Barbaros Cad. Merkez, Tekirdağ, Turkey, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of exercise therapy on the oxidative stress in fibromyalgia patients and relationship between oxidative stress and fibromyalgia symptoms. Thirty women diagnosed with fibromyalgia according to the American College of Rheumatology preliminary criteria, and 23 healthy women whose age- and weight-matched ...
Gu Qi Q School of Physical Education, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging leads to large vessel arterial stiffening and endothelial dysfunction, which are important determinants of cardiovascular risk. The aim of present work was to assess the effects of chronic aerobic exercise training on aortic stiffening and endothelial dysfunction in aged rats and investigate the underlying mechanism about mitochondrial function. Chronic ...
Catoire Milène M Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics Group, Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Physical activity increases energy metabolism in exercising muscle. Whether acute exercise elicits metabolic changes in nonexercising muscles remains unclear. We show that one of the few genes that is more highly induced in nonexercising muscle than in exercising human muscle during acute exercise encodes angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4), an inhibitor of ...
Maruoka Hiroshi H School of Health and Social Services, Saitama Prefectural University, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined how exercise capacity and the oxidative stress regulation system are affected by different amounts of dietary Ubiquinol (reduced form of coenzyme Q10, H2CoQ10: QH) over the long term. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three senescence-accelerated mouse P1 (SAMP1) mice were randomly divided into two groups: one consuming a ...
Taito Shunsuke S Department of Clinical Support, Hiroshima University Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] Cigarette smoking increases oxidative stress, which is a risk factor for several diseases. Moreover, strenuous exercise has been shown to induce plasma and pulmonary oxidative stress in young cigarette smokers. However, no previous reports have demonstrated whether plasma and pulmonary oxidative stress occur after moderate-intensity exercise. Therefore, the aim ...
Khaksari Mohammad M Physiology Research Center and Department of Physiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, I. R. - - 2014
We examined the effects of endurance exercise in the presence of Bunium persicum extract administration on lipid profile and cardiorespiratory capacity in hypercholesterolemic male mice. Materials and Methods : Forty male hypercholesterolemic mice were divided into four groups: Vehicle, Endurance exercise (EE), Bunium persicum extract (BPE), and EE + BPE. ...
Bucher Julie J Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition, Inselspital, University Hospital of Bern, Freiburgstrasse, 3010, Bern, - - 2014
Ectopic lipids are fuel stores in non-adipose tissues (skeletal muscle [intramyocellular lipids; IMCL], liver [intrahepatocellular lipids; IHCL] and heart [intracardiomyocellular lipids; ICCL]). IMCL can be depleted by physical activity. Preliminary data suggest that aerobic exercise increases IHCL. Data on exercise-induced changes on ICCL is scarce. Increased IMCL and IHCL have ...
Tam Bjorn T BT Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved biological process that functions to recycle protein aggregate and malfunctioned organelles. The activation of autophagy can be stimulated by a number of ways including infection, caloric restriction, and physical exercise. In addition to cellular metabolism and cell survival/death machinery, autophagy plays an important role in ...
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