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Ritchie Ian R W IR University of Guelph, - - 2014
Adiponectin (Ad) has been proposed to be a regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle, and necessary for exercise-induced increases in mitochondrial content. We first confirmed that Ad could acutely increase the expression of mitochondrial proteins during a 10-hr incubation in isolated soleus and EDL muscles. Next, we further examined ...
Isacco L L Laboratory Culture Sport Health Society, EA 4660, and Exercise Performance, Health, Innovation Platform, Franche-Comte University, 25000 Besançon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat mass localization affects lipid metabolism differently at rest and during exercise in overweight and normal-weight subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a low vs high ratio of abdominal to lower-body fat mass (index of adipose tissue distribution) on the exercise intensity (Lipoxmax) that ...
Ebisawa Soichiro S Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of - - 2014
Background: Atherosclerosis is believed to be caused by oxidative stress. Endovascular therapy (EVT) is effective for claudication of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, its effect on oxidative stress in PAD patients is unknown. Here, the impact of EVT on oxidative stress in PAD patients is investigated. Methods and Results: Twenty-five ...
Stefani Giuseppe Potrick - - 2014
Creatine supplementation is known to exert an effect by increasing strength in high intensity and short duration exercises. There is a hypothesis which suggests that creatine supplementation may provide antioxidant activity by scavenging Reactive Oxygen Species. However, the antioxidant effect of creatine supplementation associated with resistance training has not yet ...
Damirchi Arsalan A *Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran; †Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran; ‡Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran; and §Department of Physiology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2014
To study the influence of aerobic exercise training on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin resistance, and lipid profile in middle-aged men diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (MetS). This is an experimental repeated measure study. Subjects participated in aerobic training programs (18 sessions of 25-40 minutes per session) in Guilan University gymnasium ...
Capó Xavier X Laboratory of Physical Activity Sciences, Community Nutrition & Oxidative Stress Group, University of the Balearic Islands, Crtra. Valldemossa, km 7.5, 07122, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, - - 2014
Exercise induces oxidative stress and causes adaptations in antioxidant defenses. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a 2-month diet supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the pro-oxidant and antioxidant status of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during football training and after acute exercise. Fifteen ...
Roengrit Thapanee - - 2014
Phyllanthus amarus (PA) is a herbal plant containing antioxidant compounds that scavenge free radicals. The reduced oxidative stress may decrease muscle damage leading to early recovery from muscle soreness. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of PA powder on oxidative stress, muscle damage, leukocyte counts, inflammation, and muscle soreness ...
Larsen Ryan G RG Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA; Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, - - 2014
High-intensity interval training (HIT) results in potent metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle, however little is known about the influence of these adaptations on energetics in vivo. We used magnetic resonance spectroscopy to examine the effects of HIT on ATP synthesis from net PCr breakdown (ATPCK ), oxidative phosphorylation (ATPOX ) ...
Zwinkels Maremka M 1Brain Center Rudolf Magnus and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, The - - 2014
Objective:An adequate wheelchair propulsion capacity is required to perform daily life activities. Exercise training may be effective to gain or improve wheelchair propulsion capacity. This review investigates whether different types of exercise training programs are effective in improving wheelchair propulsion capacity.Data sources:PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched from their respective ...
Sarıfakıoğlu Banu B Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Namik Kemal University, 100, Yıl Mah, Barbaros Cad. Merkez, Tekirdağ, Turkey, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of exercise therapy on the oxidative stress in fibromyalgia patients and relationship between oxidative stress and fibromyalgia symptoms. Thirty women diagnosed with fibromyalgia according to the American College of Rheumatology preliminary criteria, and 23 healthy women whose age- and weight-matched ...
Gu Qi Q School of Physical Education, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging leads to large vessel arterial stiffening and endothelial dysfunction, which are important determinants of cardiovascular risk. The aim of present work was to assess the effects of chronic aerobic exercise training on aortic stiffening and endothelial dysfunction in aged rats and investigate the underlying mechanism about mitochondrial function. Chronic ...
Catoire Milène M Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics Group, Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Physical activity increases energy metabolism in exercising muscle. Whether acute exercise elicits metabolic changes in nonexercising muscles remains unclear. We show that one of the few genes that is more highly induced in nonexercising muscle than in exercising human muscle during acute exercise encodes angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4), an inhibitor of ...
Maruoka Hiroshi H School of Health and Social Services, Saitama Prefectural University, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined how exercise capacity and the oxidative stress regulation system are affected by different amounts of dietary Ubiquinol (reduced form of coenzyme Q10, H2CoQ10: QH) over the long term. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three senescence-accelerated mouse P1 (SAMP1) mice were randomly divided into two groups: one consuming a ...
Taito Shunsuke S Department of Clinical Support, Hiroshima University Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] Cigarette smoking increases oxidative stress, which is a risk factor for several diseases. Moreover, strenuous exercise has been shown to induce plasma and pulmonary oxidative stress in young cigarette smokers. However, no previous reports have demonstrated whether plasma and pulmonary oxidative stress occur after moderate-intensity exercise. Therefore, the aim ...
Bucher Julie J Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition, Inselspital, University Hospital of Bern, Freiburgstrasse, 3010, Bern, - - 2014
Ectopic lipids are fuel stores in non-adipose tissues (skeletal muscle [intramyocellular lipids; IMCL], liver [intrahepatocellular lipids; IHCL] and heart [intracardiomyocellular lipids; ICCL]). IMCL can be depleted by physical activity. Preliminary data suggest that aerobic exercise increases IHCL. Data on exercise-induced changes on ICCL is scarce. Increased IMCL and IHCL have ...
Tam Bjorn T BT Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved biological process that functions to recycle protein aggregate and malfunctioned organelles. The activation of autophagy can be stimulated by a number of ways including infection, caloric restriction, and physical exercise. In addition to cellular metabolism and cell survival/death machinery, autophagy plays an important role in ...
Vance Danica D - - 2014
The mechanisms through which exercise reduces cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. We used echocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers and gene expression to investigate cardiovascular effects associated with exercise training. Nineteen sedentary men (22-37 years) completed a 17-week half-marathon training program. Serial measurements of resting heart rate, blood pressure, maximum oxygen consumption, ...
Chang Heng-Chih HC 1Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department and Institute of Physiology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, PhD Program for Aging, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taiwan; 4Department of Biotechnology, College of Health Science, Asia University, - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species are markedly increased after ischemia and play important roles in the mechanism of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Regulating the oxidative stress response after brain ischemia provides a potential therapeutic strategy. Quercetin is a natural flavonoid that exhibits antioxidant properties, the mechanisms by which it protects cells are, however, not ...
Liu Po Hung PH Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, - - 2014
Astaxanthin, a xanthophyll carotenoid, accelerates lipid utilization during aerobic exercise, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. The present study investigated the effect of astaxanthin intake on lipid metabolism associated with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in mice. Mice were divided into 4 groups: sedentary, sedentary and astaxanthin-treated, exercised, and exercised ...
Schumann Moritz M 1Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland 2Edith Cowan University, Health and Wellness Institute, Joondalup, Western Australia 3Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, - - 2014
Although the benefits of combined endurance (E) and strength (S) training for the development of physical fitness and health are well known, scientific examination of the effect of loading order when E and S are combined into the same training session (E+S vs. S+E) is rare. This study investigated the ...
Cobley J N JN Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK, L3 - - 2014
Several redox-regulated responses to an acute exercise bout fail in aged animal skeletal muscle including the ability to up regulate the expression of antioxidant defence enzymes and Heat Shock Proteins (HSPs). These findings are generally derived from studies on sedentary rodent models and thus may be related to reduced physical ...
Rodríguez-Bies Elizabeth E Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Carretera de Utrera Km. 1, 41013 Sevilla, Spain. - - 2014
Aging affects many biochemical, cellular, and physiological processes in the organisms. Accumulation of damage based on oxidized macromolecules is found in many age-associated diseases. Coenzyme Q (Q) is one of the main molecules involved in metabolic and antioxidant activities in cells. Q-dependent antioxidant activities are importantly involved on the protection ...
Chatzinikolaou Athanasios A a School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences , Democritus University of Thrace , Komotini 69100 , - - 2014
Abstract Basketball incorporates intense eccentric muscle activity that induces muscle microtrauma and an inflammatory response. This study investigated time-dependent inflammatory and performance responses during a weekly microcycle after a basketball match. Twenty elite-standard players underwent a trial that comprised a match followed by a 6-day simulated in-season microcycle. The trial ...
Choi Eun-Young EY Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University, Ssangmun 419, Dobong-ku, Seoul 132-714, South - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of different durations of aerobic exercise on fuel utilization, lactate levels and antioxidative status in trained rats. Forty rats underwent physical training (T, n = 20) or non- training (NT, n = 20) for 6 weeks. For physical training, animals exercised on a treadmill for ...
Amico A P - - 2014
It is debated if the use of herbal supplements in endurance sports, in order to have a better performance, is correct or not, both as safety and as effectiveness. In this review we try to find out if the most common herbal supplements (Echinacea, Rhodiola, Ginseng) are effective in the ...
Pilch Wanda W Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance in two series of examinations with two types of stressors (exogenous heat and the combined exogenous and endogenous heat) in trained and untrained men. The exogenous stressor was provided by Finnish sauna session, whereas the combined stressor was represented by ...
Porter Starr Kathryn N KN Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many frail older adults are thin, weak, and undernourished; this component of frailty remains a critical concern in the geriatric field. However, there is also strong evidence that excessive adiposity contributes to frailty by reducing the ability of older adults to perform physical activities and increasing metabolic instability. Our scoping ...
Correa Cleiton Silva CS Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of resistance exercise sessions (RESs) performed at different levels of high-volume resistance exercise (HVRE) and low-volume resistance exercise (LVRE) on postprandial lipemia (PPL) in postmenopausal women. Thirty-nine healthy unconditioned postmenopausal women (59.5 ± 4.8 years of age, body mass 69.6 ± 9.1 kg, height 157.9 ± 7.2 cm, ...
Kabasakalis Athanasios A a Physical Education and Sport Science , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , - - 2014
Abstract Throughout adolescence, swimmers begin to carry out demanding endurance and high-intensity training sets, the effect of which on redox status is largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 2000-m continuous swimming and 6 × 50-m maximal swimming on the redox status of adolescent swimmers. ...
Barker Alan R AR a Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences , University of Exeter , Exeter , - - 2014
Abstract The present study aimed to establish whether 2 weeks of high-intensity interval training would have a beneficial effect on aerobic fitness, fat oxidation, blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) in healthy adolescent boys. Ten adolescent boys (15.1 ± 0.3 years, 1.3 ± 0.2 years post-estimated peak height velocity) completed six sessions of ...
Costa Alessandra Ermetice Almeida AE 1Universidade Federal de São - - 2014
Exercise is a common and non-invasive way to improve human health. In contrast, intense exercise causes damage in various tissues, and is usually associated with metabolic changes in organs and tissues. Even though intense exercise is associated with dysfunctions in the female reproductive system, much less is known about the ...
da Silva Rossato Juliane J Laboratory of Cellular Physiology, Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Sarmento Leite 500 (ICBS), 90050-170, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that a single bout of moderate exercise stimulates macrophage function, increasing phagocytic capacity, and production of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide (NO˙) through nuclear factor kappa B activation. In this work, we investigated the role of α- and β-adrenoreceptors on the function of ...
Ballmann Christopher C School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36830, - - 2014
Hypoxia due to altitude diminishes performance and alters exercise oxidative stress responses. While oxidative stress and exercise are well studied, the independent impact of hypoxia on exercise recovery remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigated hypoxic recovery effects on post-exercise oxidative stress. Physically active males (n = 12) performed normoxic cycle ergometer exercise consisting ...
Racette Susan B - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate cardiometabolic risk of students longitudinally and compare them with age-matched national samples. Participants: Participants are 134 graduate students enrolled between August 2005 and May 2010. Methods: Students were assessed at the beginning and end of their 3-year curriculum. Comparative samples included 966 National Health and Nutrition ...
Minato Ken-Ichiro K Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Meijo University, 1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Nagoya, 468-8502, Japan, - - 2014
We could proposed that N(ε)-(hexanoy)lysine, HEL, become a useful biomarker for detection of oxidative stress damage occurred by exhaustive exercise. We examined the preventive effect of flavonoid compound, eriocitrin, against exercise-induced oxidative damage in rat liver. Eriocitrin administration prior to exercise significantly suppressed the increases in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance caused ...
Aoi Wataru W Laboratory of Health Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, 1-5 Hangi-cho Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8522, Japan, - - 2014
Exercise leads to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via several sources in the skeletal muscle. In particular, the mitochondrial electron transport chain in the muscle cells produces ROS along with an elevation in the oxygen consumption during exercise. Such ROS generated during exercise can cause oxidative modification of ...
Da Silva Walkíria Valeriano WV Department of Physical Education. Health Sciences Center. Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa. PB. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: The use of nutritional supplements is prevalent among physical exercise practitioners and some adverse effects have been reported, however not sufficiently substantial, because they originate from isolated cases. Objectives: Investigate nutritional supplements consumption prevalence and adverse effects of the use of such products. Methods: An epidemiological, representative and transversal ...
Vezzoli Alessandra A Institute of Bioimaging and Molecular Physiology, CNR, Segrate (Milano), - - 2014
Beneficial systemic effects of regular physical exercise have been demonstrated to reduce risks of a number of age-related disorders. Antioxidant capacity adaptations are amongst these fundamental changes in response to exercise training. However, it has been claimed that acute physical exercise performed at high intensity (>60% of maximal oxygen uptake) ...
Alkahtani Shaea S Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Australia & University of Dammam , Saudi - - 2014
This study compared fat oxidation rate from a graded exercise test (GXT) with a moderate-intensity interval training session (MIIT) in obese men. Twelve sedentary obese males (age 29 ± 4.1 years; BMI 29.1 ± 2.4 kg·m(-2); fat mass 31.7 ± 4.4 %body mass) completed two exercise sessions: GXT to determine ...
Bouzid Mohamed Amine MA Université Lille Nord de France, EA 4488, Activité Physique Muscle Santé, Faculté des Sciences du Sport et de l'Education Physique, Ronchin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether oxidative stress markers and biomarkers of muscle injury would be affected by aging at rest and in response to an incremental exhaustive exercise. Fifteen young (20.3±2.8 years) and fifteen older adults (65.1±3.5 years) performed an incremental cycle ergometer test to exhaustion. ...
Slot Ilse G M IG Department of Respiratory Medicine, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Already in an early disease stage, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are confronted with impaired skeletal muscle function and physical performance due to a loss of oxidative type I muscle fibers and oxidative capacity (i.e. oxidative phenotype; Oxphen). Physical activity is a well-known stimulus of muscle Oxphen and ...
Margaritelis N V NV Exercise Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Agios Ioannis, Serres 62110, - - 2014
Exercise has been consistently used as an oxidant stimulus in redox biology studies. However, previous studies have focused on group differences and did not examine individual differences. As a result, it remains untested whether all individuals experience oxidative stress after acute exercise. Therefore, the main aim of the present study ...
Le Moyec Laurence L Unité de Biologie Intégrative et Adaptation à l'Exercice, Université d'Evry Val D'Essonne-Inserm, Evry, - - 2014
During long distance endurance races, horses undergo high physiological and metabolic stresses. The adaptation processes involve the modulation of the energetic pathways in order to meet the energy demand. The aims were to evaluate the effects of long endurance exercise on the plasma metabolomic profiles and to investigate the relationships ...
Kao Chung-Lan CL Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital Taipei, Taiwan ; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University Taipei, Taiwan ; Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, School of Biomedical Science and Engineering, National Yang-Ming University Taipei, - - 2014
Dizziness is a common clinical symptom frequently referred to general neurologists and practitioners. Exercise intervention, in the form of vestibular rehabilitation, is known as an effective clinical management for dizziness. This intervention is reported to have a functional role in correcting dizziness, improving gaze stability, retraining balance and gait, and ...
Bleakley Chris M CM Sport and Exercise Science Research Institute, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, Northern - - 2014
Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) involves short exposures to air temperatures below -100°C. WBC is increasingly accessible to athletes, and is purported to enhance recovery after exercise and facilitate rehabilitation postinjury. Our objective was to review the efficacy and effectiveness of WBC using empirical evidence from controlled trials. We found ten relevant ...
Covington Jeffrey D JD Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of - - 2014
Lipid droplet-associated proteins such as perilipin 3 (PLIN3) and coatomer GTPase proteins (GBF1, ARF1, Sec23a, and ARFRP1) are expressed in skeletal muscle but little is known so far as to their regulation of lipolysis. We aimed here to explore the effects of lipolytic stimulation in vitro in primary human myotubes ...
Bergouignan Audrey A Anschutz Health & Wellness Center at the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, United States of - - 2014
It has been hypothesized that obese and reduced-obese individuals have decreased oxidative capacity, which contributes to weight gain and regain. Recent data have challenged this concept. To determine (1) whether total and dietary fat oxidation are decreased in obese and reduced-obese adults compared to lean but increase in response to ...
Gao Chao C Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environment, Ministry of Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environment, and Health (Wuhan) and State Key Laboratory of Environment Health (Incubation), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan, 430030, People's Republic of - - 2013
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the intense exercise-induced myocardium injury, and mitochondrial compartment is presumed as the main source and susceptible target of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of quercetin, a naturally occurring flavonoids possessing antioxidant effect ...
Gwozdzinski Krzysztof K Department of Molecular Biophysics, University of Lodz, Pomorska 141/143, 90-236 Lodz, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in haemoglobin conformation and parameters related to oxidative stress in whole erythrocytes, membranes, and plasma after a single bout of exercise in a group of young untrained men. Venous blood samples from eleven healthy young untrained males (age = 22 ± ...
Moro Cedric C Inserm UMR1048, Institute of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity Research Laboratory, CHU Rangueil, 1 Avenue Jean Poulhès, BP84225, 31432, Toulouse Cedex 4, France, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of substrate availability on fuel selection during exercise. Eight endurance-trained male cyclists performed 90-min exercise at 70 % of their maximal oxygen uptake in a cross-over design, either in rested condition (CON) or the day after 2-h exercise practised at ...
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