Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1172
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Romain A J - - 2012
Exercise is recognized as a part of the management of obesity and diabetes. Various protocols of exercise are proposed for the management of obesity, diabetes, and other metabolic diseases. One of the strategies proposed by several authors is low intensity endurance training targeted at the level of maximal oxidation. Large ...
Mei Lijuan - - 2012
Background. Baduanjin exercise is considered to be beneficial to modulate the blood lipid metabolism. The purpose of the systematic review was to assess the potential efficacy and safety of Baduanjin exercise. Methods. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CBM, CNKI, VIP, Chinese Important Conference Papers Database, and Chinese Dissertation Database were searched for all ...
Sukala William R - - 2012
The Maori and Pacific Islands peoples of New Zealand suffer a greater burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated comorbidities than their European counterparts. Empirical evidence supports the clinical application of aerobic and resistance training for effective diabetes management and potential remission, but few studies have investigated the ...
Kressler Jochen - - 2012
The Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) Scale and talk test (TT) are commonly recommended for persons to gauge exercise intensity. It is not known whether they are suitable to estimate substrate partitioning between carbohydrate and fat in persons with SCI. Investigate substrate partitioning/utilization patterns associated with RPE and TT. ...
Djordjevic Dusica Z - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of sport-specific and nonspecific bouts of exercise on athletes' redox state. Blood samples were collected from 14 handball players immediately before and after graded exercise test on the cycle ergometer and handball training. Levels of superoxide anion radical (O(2) (-)), ...
Appukutty Mahenderan - - 2012
This study examined the effects of bovine colostrum on exercise -induced modulation of antioxidant parameters in skeletal muscle in mice. Adult male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four groups (control, colostrum alone, exercise and exercise with colostrum) and each group had three subgroups (day 0, 21 and 42). Colostrum ...
Corbi Graziamaria - - 2012
Aging is a multifactorial process resulting in damage of molecules, cells, and tissues. It has been demonstrated that the expression and activity of antioxidant systems (SOD, HSPs) are modified in aging, with reduced cell ability to counteract the oxidant molecules, and consequent weak resistance to ROS accumulation. An important mechanism ...
Nounou Howaida A - - 2012
Flaxseed has recently gained attention in the area of cardiovascular disease primarily because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA), lignans, and fiber. Although the benefits of exercise on any single risk factor are unquestionable, the effect of exercise on overall cardiovascular risk, when combined with other lifestyle modifications ...
Falone Stefano - - 2012
Despite the active research in this field, molecular mechanisms underlying exercise-induced beneficial effects on brain physiology and functions are still matter of debate, especially with regard to biological processes activated by regular exercise affecting the onset and progression of hippocampal aging in individuals unfamiliar with habitual physical activity. Since such ...
Morifuji Takeshi - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine whether exercise training can prevent microangiopathy of skeletal muscles in rats with type 2 diabetes and if succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity, an indicator of mitochondrial oxidative enzyme activity, is involved in the prevention of microangiopathy. Six-week-old male Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats and age-matched ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2012
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) plays an important role in bioenergetic processes and has antioxidant activity. Fifteen exercise-trained individuals (10 men and 5 women; 30-65 years) received reduced CoQ10 (Kaneka QH ubiquinol; 300 mg per day) or a placebo for four weeks in a random order, double blind, cross-over design (3 week washout). ...
Gounder Sellamuthu S - - 2012
Aging promotes accumulation of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) in cardiomyocytes, which leads to contractile dysfunction and cardiac abnormalities. These changes may contribute to increased cardiovascular disease in the elderly. Inducible antioxidant pathways are regulated by nuclear erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) through antioxidant response cis-elements (AREs) and are impaired ...
Izawa Kazuhiro P - - 2012
Patients with exercise capacity of <5 metabolic equivalents (METs) are considered to have a high risk of death. The aim of this study was to determine age-related differences in physical activity associated with an exercise capacity of ≥5 METs in chronic heart failure (CHF) outpatients. We enrolled 157 stable CHF ...
Tan Sijie S Department of Health and Exercise Science, Tianjin University of Sport , - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects of a 6-month combined aerobic and resistance training program on the body composition, glycemic control, lipid profile, and functional capacity of older patients with a long history of type 2 diabetes. 25 subjects (65.9 ± 4. 2 yrs; M/F: 13/12) with a long history of ...
Hinton P S - - 2012
Moderate, long-term weight loss results in the loss of bone mass in overweight or obese premenopausal women. However, whether these changes persist during weight maintenance or regain remains to be determined. Overweight or obese (body mass index: 25.8-42.5 kg/m(2)) women (n=40) with at least two risk factors for the metabolic ...
Egberts Kristine - - 2011
Bariatric surgery leads to significant weight loss in the obese patient. Exercise has been shown to improve weight loss and body composition in non-surgical weight loss programmes. The role of exercise to improve weight loss following bariatric surgery is unclear. The objective of this review is to systematically appraise the ...
Saavedra José M - - 2011
This study was aimed at determining the effects of implementing a medium-term (six-month) exercise and/or a diet program on the kinanthropometric and metabolic parameters of obese children. The participants were 42 subjects (27 boys, 15 girls), whose ages were between 8 and 11, divided into three groups according to the ...
Thorogood Adrian - - 2011
Aerobic exercise is a common nonpharmacological intervention for the management of obesity. However, the efficacy of isolated aerobic exercise at promoting weight loss is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of isolated aerobic exercise programs in overweight and obese populations. We searched for published ...
Phan Thanh T TT The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK. - - 2012
The pathophysiology of HfpEF is complex. In this review we discuss the molecular aspects of HfpEF as well as the profoundly disturbed haemodynamics with particular focus on exercise haemodynamic abnormalities.
von Szentpály László - - 2011
Two gas-phase electrophilicity indices, ω(1) and ω(2), introduced by Parr, von Szentpa╠üly, and Liu are tested with respect to the recently proposed "principle of electrophilicity equalization." Although electronegativity is equalized in many cases, there is no functioning "hardness equalization principle" nor are the electrophilicity indices principally equalized during molecule formation: ...
Turocy Paula Sammarone - - 2011
To present athletic trainers with recommendations for safe weight loss and weight maintenance practices for athletes and active clients and to provide athletes, clients, coaches, and parents with safe guidelines that will allow athletes and clients to achieve and maintain weight and body composition goals. Unsafe weight management practices can ...
Soares Filho Paulo Roberto - - 2011
Physical exercise (PE) is effective in the treatment and prevention of hypertension associated with improved lipid profile and cardiac contractile function. Regular and moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages such as red wine brings a cardiovascular protective effect. Beverage-derived polyphenols have antioxidant properties benefiting blood vessels. There is little evidence on ...
Leelarungrayub Donrawee - - 2011
Aim of this study was to evaluate the short term effect of coffee drinking on energy utilization in sedentary men. This study was performed in healthy sedentary men, who were randomized into three groups, control (n = 6), decaffeinated (n = 10), and caffeine (n = 10). The caffeine dose ...
Diaz K M KM Hypertension, Molecular and Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Temple University, Philadelphia, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the oxidative stress response to a short duration bout of submaximal exercise in a cohort of healthy young adults. 15 apparently healthy college age males and females completed a modified Bruce-protocol treadmill test to 75-80% of their heart rate reserve. Blood samples ...
Sasvari Maria M Institute of Sport Science, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University Budapest , - - 2011
Regular exercise has the capability of decreasing the incidence and progress of certain cancers. Murine sarcoma, (S-180) cells were transplanted to control (TC), exercise trained (10 week, 1 hour day, 5 times/ week) mice, which had the swimming training terminated at the time of transplantation (ETT), and also to a ...
Minami Yoshio Y Biological Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi University, - - 2011
Although high oxygen consumption in skeletal muscle may result in severe oxidative stress, there are no direct studies that have documented free radical production in horse muscles after intensive exercise. To find a new parameter indicating the muscle adaptation state for the training of Thoroughbred horses, we examined free radical ...
Mulder Edwin R - - 2011
This study evaluated the effectiveness of resistance training to preserve submaximal plantar flexor (PF) torque steadiness following 60days of bed rest (BR). Twenty-two healthy male subjects underwent either BR only (CTR, n=8), or BR plus resistance training (RT, n=14). The magnitude of torque fluctuations during steady submaximal isometric PF contractions ...
Hölmich P - - 2010
Groin injuries cause major problems in sports and particularly in football. Exercise is effective in treating adductor-related groin pain, but no trials have been published regarding the specific prevention of groin pain or prevention specifically targeting overuse injuries in sport using exercise programs. We performed a cluster-randomized trial including 55 ...
Sowa Marcus - - 2010
Carbon monoxide (CO) detection in human breath is the focus of much research because of CO's possible use as a marker molecule for different diseases. Detecting CO in human breath remains a tough challenge because of the low concentrations of CO (ppm range) that must be detected. Another problem is ...
Eils Eric - - 2010
To investigate the effectiveness of a multistation proprioceptive exercise program for the prevention of ankle injuries in basketball players using a prospective randomized controlled trial in combination with biomechanical tests of neuromuscular performance. A total of 232 players participated in the study and were randomly assigned to a training or ...
Harel Noam Y NY Department of Neurology, and Program in Cellular Neuroscience, Neurodegeneration and Repair, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8018, USA. - - 2010
We tested the ability of two plasticity-promoting approaches to enhance recovery in a mouse model of incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Genetically, we reduced myelin-mediated inhibition of neural plasticity through Nogo66-receptor (NgR) gene deletion. Behaviorally, we utilized a novel multimodal exercise training paradigm. Adult mice of wild-type or NgR-null genotype ...
Garrison M Kevin MK Center for Translational Neuroscience, Department of Neurobiology & Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72035, USA. - - 2011
Spasticity is a common disorder following spinal cord injury that can impair function and quality of life. While a number of mechanisms are thought to play a role in spasticity, the role of motoneuron persistent inward currents (PICs) is emerging as pivotal. The presence of PICs can be evidenced by ...
Chen Nai-Chuan - - 2010
Abstract- Purpose: A sudden elevation of the intervertebral disc pressure could result in injection of cartilaginous material into spinal small caliber vessels causing embolism of the underlying vessels is well documented but rarely occurs. Case report: Here we present a patient with sudden onset of weakness over left upper extremity ...
Price Michael - - 2010
Resting energy expenditure of persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI) is generally lower than that seen in able-bodied (AB) individuals due to the reduced amounts of muscle mass and sympathetic nervous system available. However, outside of clinical studies, much less data is available regarding athletes with an SCI. In ...
Childs John D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The US Army has traditionally utilized bent-knee sit-ups as part of physical training and testing. It is unknown whether the short-term effects of a core stabilization exercise program without sit-up training may result in decreased musculoskeletal injury incidence and work restriction compared with traditional training. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Caetano Ariadiny Lima - - 2010
Cardiovascular responses elicited by the stimulation of kinin B2 receptors in the IV cerebral ventricle, paratrigeminal nucleus or in the thoracic spinal cord are similar to those observed during an exercise bout. Considering that the kalikrein-kinin system (KKS) could act on the cardiovascular modulation during behavioral responses as physical exercise ...
Liu Hao H Dept. of Physical Therapy, Univ. of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR 72035, United - - 2010
This study investigated whether l-dopa (DOPA), locomotor-like passive exercise (Ex) using a motorized bicycle exercise trainer (MBET), or their combination in adult rats with complete spinal cord transection (Tx) preserves and restores low frequency-dependent depression (FDD) of the H-reflex. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n=56) transected at T8-9 had one of five ...
Seo Tae-Beom - - 2010
The cerebellum is one of the brain areas, which is selectively vulnerable to forebrain traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Physical exercise in animals is known to promote cell survival and functional recovery after brain injuries. However, the detailed pathologic and functional alterations by exercise following an indirect cerebellar injury induced by ...
Hong Yonggeun - - 2010
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord caused by the trauma or disease that results in compromised or loss of body function. Subsequent to SCI in humans, many individuals have residual motor and sensory deficits that impair functional performance and quality of life. The available treatments for ...
Jakeman Lyn B - - 2011
Exercise provides a number of important benefits after spinal cord injury in clinical studies and animal models. However, the amount of functional improvement in overground locomotion obtained with exercise alone has been limited thus far, for reasons that are still poorly understood. One hypothesis is that the complex network of ...
Bolin Delmas J - - 2010
The application of manual techniques to pediatric athletic injuries has been considered alternative medicine. There are many injuries that are associated with loss of normal motion. Altered biomechanics can be readily identified and treated using manual methods. These include articular or thrust techniques, muscle energy, strain-counterstrain, and myofascial treatments, among ...
Taylor Bryan J - - 2010
Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) results in a decrease in the capacity of the lungs and chest wall for pressure, volume, and airflow generation. We asked whether such impairments might increase the potential for exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue and mechanical ventilatory constraint in this population. Seven Paralympic wheelchair rugby players (mean ...
Lojovich Jeanne M - - 2010
Each year approximately 1.5 million individuals sustain traumatic brain injuries often resulting in difficulties in memory and executive function that limit independence. Aerobic exercise not only has been found to impact cardiovascular systems but has also shown benefits to brain function itself and specifically in the domain of memory and ...
Ginis Kathleen A Martin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the types, intensities, and average duration of leisure time physical activities (LTPAs) performed by people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women with SCI (N=347) who reported engaging in LTPA over the previous 3 days. INTERVENTIONS: Not ...
Asplund Chad - - 2010
Bicycling is a popular fitness activity in the United States and around the world. Because of the nature of the bicycling position, the neck and back are at risk for injury. One method to prevent these injuries is to ensure that the body's "core" is strong and stable. A strong ...
Abel T - - 2010
The high mechanical efficiency of the geared handcycle makes it suitable for elite athletes to train and even compete in races with able-bodied (recreational) cyclists. However, the actual exercise profile for endurance events has not been quantified. To guide future training regimes in a safe and effective process, the aim ...
van Duijnhoven Noortje - - 2010
Individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) have an increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that (anti)oxidative imbalance is associated with the increased cardiovascular risk in SCI, while exercise can reverse this status. The aim of the study is to compare baseline levels of oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity between individuals ...
Krityakiarana W W Intellectual and Developmental Disability Research Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen, School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2010
Exercise has been shown to increase hippocampal neurogenesis, but the effects of exercise on oligodendrocyte generation have not yet been reported. In this study, we evaluated the hypothesis that voluntary exercise may affect neurogenesis, and more in particular, oligodendrogenesis in the thoracic segment of the intact spinal cord of adult ...
Yamanaka M M Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Nachi-Katsuura Research Center of Sports Medicine and Balneology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama-shi, - - 2010
Non-randomized study. The mechanism underlying exercise-induced argumentation of natural killer cell cytotoxic activity (NKCA) in humans remains unclear. To address this, NKCA responses were studied during and after exercise in persons with cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) and dysfunctional sympathetic nervous system. Kibikogen Rehabilitation Center for Employment Injuries. We examined ...
Park Kanghui - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO) may aggravate neuronal damage after spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that NO produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) accelerates secondary damage to spinal tissue, which may be reversed by the neuroprotectant, melatonin. This study investigated the effects of combination therapy with melatonin (10 mg/kg) and ...
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