Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1106
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Hinton P S - - 2012
Moderate, long-term weight loss results in the loss of bone mass in overweight or obese premenopausal women. However, whether these changes persist during weight maintenance or regain remains to be determined. Overweight or obese (body mass index: 25.8-42.5 kg/m(2)) women (n=40) with at least two risk factors for the metabolic ...
Egberts Kristine - - 2011
Bariatric surgery leads to significant weight loss in the obese patient. Exercise has been shown to improve weight loss and body composition in non-surgical weight loss programmes. The role of exercise to improve weight loss following bariatric surgery is unclear. The objective of this review is to systematically appraise the ...
Saavedra José M - - 2011
This study was aimed at determining the effects of implementing a medium-term (six-month) exercise and/or a diet program on the kinanthropometric and metabolic parameters of obese children. The participants were 42 subjects (27 boys, 15 girls), whose ages were between 8 and 11, divided into three groups according to the ...
Thorogood Adrian - - 2011
Aerobic exercise is a common nonpharmacological intervention for the management of obesity. However, the efficacy of isolated aerobic exercise at promoting weight loss is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of isolated aerobic exercise programs in overweight and obese populations. We searched for published ...
Phan Thanh T TT The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK. - - 2012
The pathophysiology of HfpEF is complex. In this review we discuss the molecular aspects of HfpEF as well as the profoundly disturbed haemodynamics with particular focus on exercise haemodynamic abnormalities.
von Szentpály László - - 2011
Two gas-phase electrophilicity indices, ω(1) and ω(2), introduced by Parr, von Szentpa╠üly, and Liu are tested with respect to the recently proposed "principle of electrophilicity equalization." Although electronegativity is equalized in many cases, there is no functioning "hardness equalization principle" nor are the electrophilicity indices principally equalized during molecule formation: ...
Turocy Paula Sammarone - - 2011
To present athletic trainers with recommendations for safe weight loss and weight maintenance practices for athletes and active clients and to provide athletes, clients, coaches, and parents with safe guidelines that will allow athletes and clients to achieve and maintain weight and body composition goals. Unsafe weight management practices can ...
Soares Filho Paulo Roberto - - 2011
Physical exercise (PE) is effective in the treatment and prevention of hypertension associated with improved lipid profile and cardiac contractile function. Regular and moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages such as red wine brings a cardiovascular protective effect. Beverage-derived polyphenols have antioxidant properties benefiting blood vessels. There is little evidence on ...
Leelarungrayub Donrawee - - 2011
Aim of this study was to evaluate the short term effect of coffee drinking on energy utilization in sedentary men. This study was performed in healthy sedentary men, who were randomized into three groups, control (n = 6), decaffeinated (n = 10), and caffeine (n = 10). The caffeine dose ...
Diaz K M KM Hypertension, Molecular and Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Temple University, Philadelphia, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the oxidative stress response to a short duration bout of submaximal exercise in a cohort of healthy young adults. 15 apparently healthy college age males and females completed a modified Bruce-protocol treadmill test to 75-80% of their heart rate reserve. Blood samples ...
Sasvari Maria M Institute of Sport Science, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University Budapest , - - 2011
Regular exercise has the capability of decreasing the incidence and progress of certain cancers. Murine sarcoma, (S-180) cells were transplanted to control (TC), exercise trained (10 week, 1 hour day, 5 times/ week) mice, which had the swimming training terminated at the time of transplantation (ETT), and also to a ...
Mulder Edwin R - - 2011
This study evaluated the effectiveness of resistance training to preserve submaximal plantar flexor (PF) torque steadiness following 60days of bed rest (BR). Twenty-two healthy male subjects underwent either BR only (CTR, n=8), or BR plus resistance training (RT, n=14). The magnitude of torque fluctuations during steady submaximal isometric PF contractions ...
Hölmich P - - 2010
Groin injuries cause major problems in sports and particularly in football. Exercise is effective in treating adductor-related groin pain, but no trials have been published regarding the specific prevention of groin pain or prevention specifically targeting overuse injuries in sport using exercise programs. We performed a cluster-randomized trial including 55 ...
Sowa Marcus - - 2010
Carbon monoxide (CO) detection in human breath is the focus of much research because of CO's possible use as a marker molecule for different diseases. Detecting CO in human breath remains a tough challenge because of the low concentrations of CO (ppm range) that must be detected. Another problem is ...
Eils Eric - - 2010
To investigate the effectiveness of a multistation proprioceptive exercise program for the prevention of ankle injuries in basketball players using a prospective randomized controlled trial in combination with biomechanical tests of neuromuscular performance. A total of 232 players participated in the study and were randomly assigned to a training or ...
Harel Noam Y - - 2010
We tested the ability of two plasticity-promoting approaches to enhance recovery in a mouse model of incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Genetically, we reduced myelin-mediated inhibition of neural plasticity through Nogo66-receptor (NgR) gene deletion. Behaviorally, we utilized a novel multimodal exercise training paradigm. Adult mice of wild-type or NgR-null genotype ...
Garrison M Kevin - - 2011
Spasticity is a common disorder following spinal cord injury that can impair function and quality of life. While a number of mechanisms are thought to play a role in spasticity, the role of motoneuron persistent inward currents (PICs) is emerging as pivotal. The presence of PICs can be evidenced by ...
Chen Nai-Chuan - - 2010
Abstract- Purpose: A sudden elevation of the intervertebral disc pressure could result in injection of cartilaginous material into spinal small caliber vessels causing embolism of the underlying vessels is well documented but rarely occurs. Case report: Here we present a patient with sudden onset of weakness over left upper extremity ...
Price Michael - - 2010
Resting energy expenditure of persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI) is generally lower than that seen in able-bodied (AB) individuals due to the reduced amounts of muscle mass and sympathetic nervous system available. However, outside of clinical studies, much less data is available regarding athletes with an SCI. In ...
Childs John D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The US Army has traditionally utilized bent-knee sit-ups as part of physical training and testing. It is unknown whether the short-term effects of a core stabilization exercise program without sit-up training may result in decreased musculoskeletal injury incidence and work restriction compared with traditional training. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Caetano Ariadiny Lima - - 2010
Cardiovascular responses elicited by the stimulation of kinin B2 receptors in the IV cerebral ventricle, paratrigeminal nucleus or in the thoracic spinal cord are similar to those observed during an exercise bout. Considering that the kalikrein-kinin system (KKS) could act on the cardiovascular modulation during behavioral responses as physical exercise ...
Liu Hao - - 2010
This study investigated whether l-dopa (DOPA), locomotor-like passive exercise (Ex) using a motorized bicycle exercise trainer (MBET), or their combination in adult rats with complete spinal cord transection (Tx) preserves and restores low frequency-dependent depression (FDD) of the H-reflex. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n=56) transected at T8-9 had one of five ...
Seo Tae-Beom - - 2010
The cerebellum is one of the brain areas, which is selectively vulnerable to forebrain traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Physical exercise in animals is known to promote cell survival and functional recovery after brain injuries. However, the detailed pathologic and functional alterations by exercise following an indirect cerebellar injury induced by ...
Hong Yonggeun - - 2010
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord caused by the trauma or disease that results in compromised or loss of body function. Subsequent to SCI in humans, many individuals have residual motor and sensory deficits that impair functional performance and quality of life. The available treatments for ...
Jakeman Lyn B - - 2011
Exercise provides a number of important benefits after spinal cord injury in clinical studies and animal models. However, the amount of functional improvement in overground locomotion obtained with exercise alone has been limited thus far, for reasons that are still poorly understood. One hypothesis is that the complex network of ...
Bolin Delmas J - - 2010
The application of manual techniques to pediatric athletic injuries has been considered alternative medicine. There are many injuries that are associated with loss of normal motion. Altered biomechanics can be readily identified and treated using manual methods. These include articular or thrust techniques, muscle energy, strain-counterstrain, and myofascial treatments, among ...
Taylor Bryan J - - 2010
Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) results in a decrease in the capacity of the lungs and chest wall for pressure, volume, and airflow generation. We asked whether such impairments might increase the potential for exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue and mechanical ventilatory constraint in this population. Seven Paralympic wheelchair rugby players (mean ...
Lojovich Jeanne M - - 2010
Each year approximately 1.5 million individuals sustain traumatic brain injuries often resulting in difficulties in memory and executive function that limit independence. Aerobic exercise not only has been found to impact cardiovascular systems but has also shown benefits to brain function itself and specifically in the domain of memory and ...
Ginis Kathleen A Martin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the types, intensities, and average duration of leisure time physical activities (LTPAs) performed by people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women with SCI (N=347) who reported engaging in LTPA over the previous 3 days. INTERVENTIONS: Not ...
Asplund Chad - - 2010
Bicycling is a popular fitness activity in the United States and around the world. Because of the nature of the bicycling position, the neck and back are at risk for injury. One method to prevent these injuries is to ensure that the body's "core" is strong and stable. A strong ...
Abel T - - 2010
The high mechanical efficiency of the geared handcycle makes it suitable for elite athletes to train and even compete in races with able-bodied (recreational) cyclists. However, the actual exercise profile for endurance events has not been quantified. To guide future training regimes in a safe and effective process, the aim ...
van Duijnhoven Noortje - - 2010
Individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) have an increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that (anti)oxidative imbalance is associated with the increased cardiovascular risk in SCI, while exercise can reverse this status. The aim of the study is to compare baseline levels of oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity between individuals ...
Krityakiarana W - - 2010
Exercise has been shown to increase hippocampal neurogenesis, but the effects of exercise on oligodendrocyte generation have not yet been reported. In this study, we evaluated the hypothesis that voluntary exercise may affect neurogenesis, and more in particular, oligodendrogenesis in the thoracic segment of the intact spinal cord of adult ...
Yamanaka M - - 2010
Non-randomized study. The mechanism underlying exercise-induced argumentation of natural killer cell cytotoxic activity (NKCA) in humans remains unclear. To address this, NKCA responses were studied during and after exercise in persons with cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) and dysfunctional sympathetic nervous system.Setting:Kibikogen Rehabilitation Center for Employment Injuries. Methods: We examined ...
Park Kanghui - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO) may aggravate neuronal damage after spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that NO produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) accelerates secondary damage to spinal tissue, which may be reversed by the neuroprotectant, melatonin. This study investigated the effects of combination therapy with melatonin (10 mg/kg) and ...
Rufener Stephanie L - - 2010
The educational objectives of this self-assessment module are for the participants to exercise, self-assess, and improve their understanding of the most important features of congenital spine and spinal cord malformations.
Pritchett R C - - 2010
Athletes with spinal cord injury often experience high heat storage due to reduced sweating capacity below the spinal injury. Spray bottle (SB) may be used to apply mist for evaporative cooling during breaks in competitions. This study examined the efficacy of SB during rest breaks. Seven participants, four female and ...
Myers J N - - 2010
Prospective comparison of spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects and ambulatory subjects. To determine the effects of the presence and level of SCI on heart rate recovery (HRR). Outpatient SCI center. HRR was determined in 63 SCI subjects (26 with tetraplegia, 22 with high-level paraplegia, 15 with low-level paraplegia) and 26 ...
Sandrow-Feinberg Harra R - - 2010
Secondary degeneration leads to an expansion of the initial tissue damage sustained during a spinal cord injury (SCI). Dampening the cellular inflammatory response that contributes to this progressive tissue damage is one possible strategy for neuroprotection after acute SCI. We initially examined whether treatment with a PEGylated form of rat ...
Tawashy Amira E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: People with spinal cord injuries (SCIs), particularly those with injuries causing tetraplegia, are at risk for cardiovascular illnesses. There is a compelling need to address poor cardiovascular health as early as possible after cervical SCI. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the process of ...
Ghiasvand R - - 2010
Exercise can change the release of numerous cytokines and modulate their receptor systems. Dietary ω-3 lipids may decrease the levels of inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandins (PGs). Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of exercise and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) supplementation, with or without vitamin E, on the blood levels ...
Cowan Rachel E - - 2010
Purpose. To summarise the spinal cord injury (SCI) specific profile of three cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD): fasting dyslipidaemia, postprandial lipidaemia and vascular inflammation and to summarise exercise prescriptions that may attenuate each. Method. NA. Results. NA. Conclusions. At least three CVD risk factors have unique profiles in the SCI population. Fasting dyslipidaemia is ...
Humphries David - - 2010
Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) incorporates a diverse range of disciplines. These include: disease and injury prevention, management of medical problems in exercising individuals, management of soft tissue injuries sustained during exercise, and exercise prescription for improving physical fitness and treating disease.
Janney Carol A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Medically treated injuries have been shown to increase with increasing body mass index (BMI). Information is lacking on the frequency and type of injuries and illnesses among overweight and obese adults who engage in regular physical activities as part of weight loss or weight gain prevention programs. METHODS: Sedentary ...
Shin Ki Ok KO Department of Physical Education, College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University , Busan, - - 2010
This study evaluated the synergistic effects of acute exercise with capsaicin (200mg) upon the restoration of cardiac autonomic functions and depolarization- repolarization interval as well as substrate oxidation. Nine healthy males [21.9(0.8) yrs] volunteered for this study. Cardiac autonomic activity, metabolic responses, and the ECG QT intervals were continuously measured ...
Lima-Silva Adriano E - - 2010
This study aimed to compare maximal fat oxidation rate parameters between moderate- and low-performance runners. Eighteen runners performed an incremental treadmill test to estimate individual maximal fat oxidation rate (Fatmax) based on gases measures and a 10,000-m run on a track. The subjects were then divided into a low and ...
Ogata Hisayoshi - - 2010
We examined ventilatory response during passive walking-like exercise in the standing posture in complete spinal cord-injured humans and found that ventilatory equivalent for O(2) uptake, which would be related to the sensation of breathlessness, was lower during passive exercise than during quiet standing.
Ollivier-Lanvin Karen - - 2010
The H-reflex habituates at relatively low frequency (10 Hz) stimulation in the intact spinal cord, but loss of descending inhibition resulting from spinal cord transection reduces this habituation. There is a return towards a normal pattern of low-frequency habituation in the reflex activity with cycling exercise of the affected hind ...
Copland Spencer T - - 2009
Hamstring tears are exceedingly common in a variety of athletic populations and contribute to a significant amount of morbidity and time lost from sport. Many modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors have been identified with hamstring injury. There is strong evidence that Nordic hamstring exercises can decrease the risk of hamstring ...
Chen Chun-Lin - - 2009
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) represents 0.3% to 0.9% of spinal epidural space-occupying lesions, and most surgeons advocate aggressive and early surgical intervention. In this article, we describe a patient with SSEH with sudden quadriplegia after sit-ups exercise.
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