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Catoire Milène M Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics Group, Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Physical activity increases energy metabolism in exercising muscle. Whether acute exercise elicits metabolic changes in nonexercising muscles remains unclear. We show that one of the few genes that is more highly induced in nonexercising muscle than in exercising human muscle during acute exercise encodes angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4), an inhibitor of ...
Khaksari Mohammad M Physiology Research Center and Department of Physiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, I. R. - - 2014
We examined the effects of endurance exercise in the presence of Bunium persicum extract administration on lipid profile and cardiorespiratory capacity in hypercholesterolemic male mice. Materials and Methods : Forty male hypercholesterolemic mice were divided into four groups: Vehicle, Endurance exercise (EE), Bunium persicum extract (BPE), and EE + BPE. ...
Taito Shunsuke S Department of Clinical Support, Hiroshima University Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] Cigarette smoking increases oxidative stress, which is a risk factor for several diseases. Moreover, strenuous exercise has been shown to induce plasma and pulmonary oxidative stress in young cigarette smokers. However, no previous reports have demonstrated whether plasma and pulmonary oxidative stress occur after moderate-intensity exercise. Therefore, the aim ...
Maruoka Hiroshi H School of Health and Social Services, Saitama Prefectural University, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined how exercise capacity and the oxidative stress regulation system are affected by different amounts of dietary Ubiquinol (reduced form of coenzyme Q10, H2CoQ10: QH) over the long term. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three senescence-accelerated mouse P1 (SAMP1) mice were randomly divided into two groups: one consuming a ...
Bucher Julie J Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition, Inselspital, University Hospital of Bern, Freiburgstrasse, 3010, Bern, - - 2014
Ectopic lipids are fuel stores in non-adipose tissues (skeletal muscle [intramyocellular lipids; IMCL], liver [intrahepatocellular lipids; IHCL] and heart [intracardiomyocellular lipids; ICCL]). IMCL can be depleted by physical activity. Preliminary data suggest that aerobic exercise increases IHCL. Data on exercise-induced changes on ICCL is scarce. Increased IMCL and IHCL have ...
Liu Po Hung PH Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, - - 2014
Astaxanthin, a xanthophyll carotenoid, accelerates lipid utilization during aerobic exercise, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. The present study investigated the effect of astaxanthin intake on lipid metabolism associated with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in mice. Mice were divided into 4 groups: sedentary, sedentary and astaxanthin-treated, exercised, and exercised ...
Tam Bjorn T BT Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved biological process that functions to recycle protein aggregate and malfunctioned organelles. The activation of autophagy can be stimulated by a number of ways including infection, caloric restriction, and physical exercise. In addition to cellular metabolism and cell survival/death machinery, autophagy plays an important role in ...
Chang Heng-Chih HC 1Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department and Institute of Physiology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, PhD Program for Aging, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taiwan; 4Department of Biotechnology, College of Health Science, Asia University, - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species are markedly increased after ischemia and play important roles in the mechanism of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Regulating the oxidative stress response after brain ischemia provides a potential therapeutic strategy. Quercetin is a natural flavonoid that exhibits antioxidant properties, the mechanisms by which it protects cells are, however, not ...
Schumann Moritz M 1Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland 2Edith Cowan University, Health and Wellness Institute, Joondalup, Western Australia 3Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, - - 2014
Although the benefits of combined endurance (E) and strength (S) training for the development of physical fitness and health are well known, scientific examination of the effect of loading order when E and S are combined into the same training session (E+S vs. S+E) is rare. This study investigated the ...
Nelson Rachael K RK School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, 401 Washtenaw Ave., Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Although regular exercise is associated with reduced cardiometabolic disease risk among overweight adults, it remains unclear whether much of the health benefits of exercise are derived from the most recent session(s) of exercise or if they are the result of adaptations stemming from weeks, months, or even years of training. ...
Cobley J N JN Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK, L3 - - 2014
Several redox-regulated responses to an acute exercise bout fail in aged animal skeletal muscle including the ability to up regulate the expression of antioxidant defence enzymes and Heat Shock Proteins (HSPs). These findings are generally derived from studies on sedentary rodent models and thus may be related to reduced physical ...
Rodríguez-Bies Elizabeth E Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Carretera de Utrera Km. 1, 41013 Sevilla, Spain. - - 2014
Aging affects many biochemical, cellular, and physiological processes in the organisms. Accumulation of damage based on oxidized macromolecules is found in many age-associated diseases. Coenzyme Q (Q) is one of the main molecules involved in metabolic and antioxidant activities in cells. Q-dependent antioxidant activities are importantly involved on the protection ...
Chatzinikolaou Athanasios A a School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences , Democritus University of Thrace , Komotini 69100 , - - 2014
Abstract Basketball incorporates intense eccentric muscle activity that induces muscle microtrauma and an inflammatory response. This study investigated time-dependent inflammatory and performance responses during a weekly microcycle after a basketball match. Twenty elite-standard players underwent a trial that comprised a match followed by a 6-day simulated in-season microcycle. The trial ...
Choi Eun-Young EY Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University, Ssangmun 419, Dobong-ku, Seoul 132-714, South - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of different durations of aerobic exercise on fuel utilization, lactate levels and antioxidative status in trained rats. Forty rats underwent physical training (T, n = 20) or non- training (NT, n = 20) for 6 weeks. For physical training, animals exercised on a treadmill for ...
Amico A P - - 2014
It is debated if the use of herbal supplements in endurance sports, in order to have a better performance, is correct or not, both as safety and as effectiveness. In this review we try to find out if the most common herbal supplements (Echinacea, Rhodiola, Ginseng) are effective in the ...
Casuso R A RA Department of Health sciences. University of Jaén, - - 2014
Quercetin is a flavonoid which activates oxidative metabolism. Quercetin may reduce weight gain by decreasing feed efficiency. The present study aims to evaluate weight gain, caloric intake and feed efficiency in exercised and sedentary rats supplemented with quercetin. Wistar rats were divided into four groups: quercetin-exercise training (QT), quercetin-sedentary (QS), ...
Pilch Wanda W Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance in two series of examinations with two types of stressors (exogenous heat and the combined exogenous and endogenous heat) in trained and untrained men. The exogenous stressor was provided by Finnish sauna session, whereas the combined stressor was represented by ...
Porter Starr Kathryn N KN Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many frail older adults are thin, weak, and undernourished; this component of frailty remains a critical concern in the geriatric field. However, there is also strong evidence that excessive adiposity contributes to frailty by reducing the ability of older adults to perform physical activities and increasing metabolic instability. Our scoping ...
Correa Cleiton Silva CS Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of resistance exercise sessions (RESs) performed at different levels of high-volume resistance exercise (HVRE) and low-volume resistance exercise (LVRE) on postprandial lipemia (PPL) in postmenopausal women. Thirty-nine healthy unconditioned postmenopausal women (59.5 ± 4.8 years of age, body mass 69.6 ± 9.1 kg, height 157.9 ± 7.2 cm, ...
Kabasakalis Athanasios A a Physical Education and Sport Science , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , - - 2014
Abstract Throughout adolescence, swimmers begin to carry out demanding endurance and high-intensity training sets, the effect of which on redox status is largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 2000-m continuous swimming and 6 × 50-m maximal swimming on the redox status of adolescent swimmers. ...
Barker Alan R AR a Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences , University of Exeter , Exeter , - - 2014
Abstract The present study aimed to establish whether 2 weeks of high-intensity interval training would have a beneficial effect on aerobic fitness, fat oxidation, blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) in healthy adolescent boys. Ten adolescent boys (15.1 ± 0.3 years, 1.3 ± 0.2 years post-estimated peak height velocity) completed six sessions of ...
Costa Alessandra Ermetice Almeida AE 1Universidade Federal de São - - 2014
Exercise is a common and non-invasive way to improve human health. In contrast, intense exercise causes damage in various tissues, and is usually associated with metabolic changes in organs and tissues. Even though intense exercise is associated with dysfunctions in the female reproductive system, much less is known about the ...
da Silva Rossato Juliane J Laboratory of Cellular Physiology, Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Sarmento Leite 500 (ICBS), 90050-170, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that a single bout of moderate exercise stimulates macrophage function, increasing phagocytic capacity, and production of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide (NO˙) through nuclear factor kappa B activation. In this work, we investigated the role of α- and β-adrenoreceptors on the function of ...
Ballmann Christopher C School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36830, - - 2014
Hypoxia due to altitude diminishes performance and alters exercise oxidative stress responses. While oxidative stress and exercise are well studied, the independent impact of hypoxia on exercise recovery remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigated hypoxic recovery effects on post-exercise oxidative stress. Physically active males (n = 12) performed normoxic cycle ergometer exercise consisting ...
Francescato Maria Pia MP Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
Presently, no clear-cut guidelines are available to suggest the more appropriate physical activity for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus due to paucity of experimental data obtained under patients' usual life conditions. Accordingly, we explored the oxidative stress levels associated with a prolonged moderate intensity, but fatiguing, exercise performed under ...
Zajac Adam A Department of Sports Training-Academy of Physical Education im. J. Kukuczki in Katowice, Mikolowska 72a, 40-065 Katowice, Poland. - - 2014
The main objective of this research was to determine the effects of a long-term ketogenic diet, rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, on aerobic performance and exercise metabolism in off-road cyclists. Additionally, the effects of this diet on body mass and body composition were evaluated, as well as those that occurred ...
Da Silva Walkíria Valeriano WV Department of Physical Education. Health Sciences Center. Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa. PB. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: The use of nutritional supplements is prevalent among physical exercise practitioners and some adverse effects have been reported, however not sufficiently substantial, because they originate from isolated cases. Objectives: Investigate nutritional supplements consumption prevalence and adverse effects of the use of such products. Methods: An epidemiological, representative and transversal ...
Bleakley Chris M CM Sport and Exercise Science Research Institute, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, Northern - - 2014
Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) involves short exposures to air temperatures below -100°C. WBC is increasingly accessible to athletes, and is purported to enhance recovery after exercise and facilitate rehabilitation postinjury. Our objective was to review the efficacy and effectiveness of WBC using empirical evidence from controlled trials. We found ten relevant ...
Plaisance Eric P EP Department of Human Studies, Exercise and Nutritional Physiology Laboratory, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2014
Postprandial hyperlipemia produces long-term derangements in lipid/lipoprotein metabolism, vascular endothelial dysfunction, hypercoagulability, and sympathetic hyperactivity which are strongly linked to atherogenesis. The purpose of this review is to (1) provide a qualitative analysis of the available literature examining the dysregulation of postprandial lipid metabolism in the presence of obesity, (2) ...
Margaritelis N V NV Exercise Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Agios Ioannis, Serres 62110, - - 2014
Exercise has been consistently used as an oxidant stimulus in redox biology studies. However, previous studies have focused on group differences and did not examine individual differences. As a result, it remains untested whether all individuals experience oxidative stress after acute exercise. Therefore, the main aim of the present study ...
Yi Muqing M Center for Sports Nutrition, National Institute of Sports Medicine, 1st Anding Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Almonds are a healthy tree nut food with high nutrient density. Their consumption has been shown to ameliorate oxidative stress, inflammation, etc. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of almonds on elements of endurance exercise performance in trained athletes. A 10-week crossover, placebo controlled study was ...
Vezzoli Alessandra A Institute of Bioimaging and Molecular Physiology, CNR, Segrate (Milano), - - 2014
Beneficial systemic effects of regular physical exercise have been demonstrated to reduce risks of a number of age-related disorders. Antioxidant capacity adaptations are amongst these fundamental changes in response to exercise training. However, it has been claimed that acute physical exercise performed at high intensity (>60% of maximal oxygen uptake) ...
Li Ran R China Institute of Sport Science, Beijing 100061, - - 2014
The purpose of study was to assess the efficacy of a 16-week Baduanjin qigong training intervention in promoting physical fitness and health for adults. An experimental design was adopted, and subjects were assigned randomly into an experimental group (n = 55) and a control group (n = 55). In the ...
Feoli Ana Maria Pandolfo AM Faculdade de Enfermagem, Nutrição e Fisioterapia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Ipiranga 6681, Prédio 12, 8°andar, 90619-900 Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Objective. The main goal of the present study was to investigate the xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in metabolic syndrome in subjects submitted to a single exercise session. We also investigated parameters of oxidative and inflammatory status. Materials/Methods. A case-control study (9 healthy and 8 MS volunteers) was performed to measure ...
Covington Jeffrey D JD Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of - - 2014
Lipid droplet-associated proteins such as perilipin 3 (PLIN3) and coatomer GTPase proteins (GBF1, ARF1, Sec23a, and ARFRP1) are expressed in skeletal muscle but little is known so far as to their regulation of lipolysis. We aimed here to explore the effects of lipolytic stimulation in vitro in primary human myotubes ...
Kaldur Triin T 0000-0002-2525-749X Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli Street, 50090 Tartu, Estonia ; Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli Street, 50090 Tartu, - - 2014
Background. The aim was to determine the effect of heat acclimation (HA) on oxidative stress (OxS) and inflammation in resting conditions and on the response pattern of these parameters to exhausting endurance exercise. Methods. Parameters of OxS and inflammation were measured in non-heat-acclimated status (NHAS) and after a 10-day HA ...
Roengrit Thapanee - - 2014
Phyllanthus amarus (PA) is a herbal plant containing antioxidant compounds that scavenge free radicals. The reduced oxidative stress may decrease muscle damage leading to early recovery from muscle soreness. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of PA powder on oxidative stress, muscle damage, leukocyte counts, inflammation, and muscle soreness ...
Moustardas Petros P Center for Experimental Surgery, Biomedical Research Foundation, Academy of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effects of combined atorvastatin and exercise treatment on the composition and stability of the atherosclerotic plaques in apolipoproteinE (apoE) knockout mice. Forty male, apoE-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet for 16 weeks. Thereafter, while maintained on high-fat diet, they were randomized into four ...
Bouzid Mohamed Amine MA Université Lille Nord de France, EA 4488, Activité Physique Muscle Santé, Faculté des Sciences du Sport et de l'Education Physique, Ronchin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether oxidative stress markers and biomarkers of muscle injury would be affected by aging at rest and in response to an incremental exhaustive exercise. Fifteen young (20.3±2.8 years) and fifteen older adults (65.1±3.5 years) performed an incremental cycle ergometer test to exhaustion. ...
Minato Ken-Ichiro K Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Meijo University, 1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Nagoya, 468-8502, Japan, - - 2014
We could proposed that N(ε)-(hexanoy)lysine, HEL, become a useful biomarker for detection of oxidative stress damage occurred by exhaustive exercise. We examined the preventive effect of flavonoid compound, eriocitrin, against exercise-induced oxidative damage in rat liver. Eriocitrin administration prior to exercise significantly suppressed the increases in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance caused ...
Stefani Giuseppe Potrick - - 2014
Creatine supplementation is known to exert an effect by increasing strength in high intensity and short duration exercises. There is a hypothesis which suggests that creatine supplementation may provide antioxidant activity by scavenging Reactive Oxygen Species. However, the antioxidant effect of creatine supplementation associated with resistance training has not yet ...
Le Moyec Laurence L Unité de Biologie Intégrative et Adaptation à l'Exercice, Université d'Evry Val D'Essonne-Inserm, Evry, - - 2014
During long distance endurance races, horses undergo high physiological and metabolic stresses. The adaptation processes involve the modulation of the energetic pathways in order to meet the energy demand. The aims were to evaluate the effects of long endurance exercise on the plasma metabolomic profiles and to investigate the relationships ...
Bergouignan Audrey A Anschutz Health & Wellness Center at the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, United States of - - 2014
It has been hypothesized that obese and reduced-obese individuals have decreased oxidative capacity, which contributes to weight gain and regain. Recent data have challenged this concept. To determine (1) whether total and dietary fat oxidation are decreased in obese and reduced-obese adults compared to lean but increase in response to ...
Hwang Hyejung H Laboratory of Exercise Nutrition, Department of Physical Education, Konkuk University, Seoul 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Korea. - - 2014
Red ginseng (RG) has been reported to improve the blood and organ lipid profile when combined with exercise. However, the effect of RG on energy metabolism during exercise is poorly understood. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate whether RG treatment alters fat utilization during exercise; We used seven-week-old ICR ...
Meguid N A NA Department of Research on Children with Special Needs, National Research Center, Cairo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an electronic treadmill exercise training programme on malondialdehyde (MDA) as a marker for lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in adolescents with Down syndrome. The study was carried out on 30 adolescent males with Down syndrome, ...
Sone Yasuko Y Institute of Environmental Science for Human Life, Ochanomizu - - 2014
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) responds to thiazolidinedione derivatives, which are ligands of PPARγ, and affects insulin resistance. Recently, a PPARγ study reported that in high-fat-diet-induced obesity, the phosphorylation of PPARγ prevented the transcription of specific PPARγ targets that have anti-obesity effects. We previously reported that genetic variants of the ...
Yang Liang L Department of Pharmacology, Nankai University School of Medicine, Tianjin, - - 2014
Extensive data have shown that exercise training can provide cardio-protection against pathological cardiac hypertrophy. However, how long the heart can retain cardio-protective phenotype after the cessation of exercise is currently unknown. In this study, we investigated the time course of the loss of cardio-protection after cessation of exercise and the ...
Croci Ilaria I The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia; School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise training performed at the intensity eliciting maximal fat oxidation (Fatmax) has been shown to improve the metabolic profile of obese patients. However, limited information is available on the reproducibility of Fatmax and related physiological measures. The aim of this study was to assess the intra-individual variability of: a) ...
Vance Danica D - - 2014
The mechanisms through which exercise reduces cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. We used echocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers and gene expression to investigate cardiovascular effects associated with exercise training. Nineteen sedentary men (22-37 years) completed a 17-week half-marathon training program. Serial measurements of resting heart rate, blood pressure, maximum oxygen consumption, lipids, ...
Garelnabi Mahdi M Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts, 3 Solomont Way, Suite 4 01854, Lowell, MA, - - 2014
We proposed that mice supplemented with quercetin, a class of flavonoids known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, will have profound effects on the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis when combined with exercise. Forty C57BL6 LDLr -/- mice were divided into four groups (n = 10): control untreated (NN); control group supplemented with 100 μg/day ...
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