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Rodríguez-Bies Elizabeth E Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Carretera de Utrera Km. 1, 41013 Sevilla, Spain. - - 2014
Aging affects many biochemical, cellular, and physiological processes in the organisms. Accumulation of damage based on oxidized macromolecules is found in many age-associated diseases. Coenzyme Q (Q) is one of the main molecules involved in metabolic and antioxidant activities in cells. Q-dependent antioxidant activities are importantly involved on the protection ...
Chatzinikolaou Athanasios A a School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences , Democritus University of Thrace , Komotini 69100 , - - 2014
Abstract Basketball incorporates intense eccentric muscle activity that induces muscle microtrauma and an inflammatory response. This study investigated time-dependent inflammatory and performance responses during a weekly microcycle after a basketball match. Twenty elite-standard players underwent a trial that comprised a match followed by a 6-day simulated in-season microcycle. The trial ...
Choi Eun-Young EY Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University, Ssangmun 419, Dobong-ku, Seoul 132-714, South - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of different durations of aerobic exercise on fuel utilization, lactate levels and antioxidative status in trained rats. Forty rats underwent physical training (T, n = 20) or non- training (NT, n = 20) for 6 weeks. For physical training, animals exercised on a treadmill for ...
Amico A P - - 2014
It is debated if the use of herbal supplements in endurance sports, in order to have a better performance, is correct or not, both as safety and as effectiveness. In this review we try to find out if the most common herbal supplements (Echinacea, Rhodiola, Ginseng) are effective in the ...
Casuso R A RA Department of Health sciences. University of Jaén, - - 2014
Quercetin is a flavonoid which activates oxidative metabolism. Quercetin may reduce weight gain by decreasing feed efficiency. The present study aims to evaluate weight gain, caloric intake and feed efficiency in exercised and sedentary rats supplemented with quercetin. Wistar rats were divided into four groups: quercetin-exercise training (QT), quercetin-sedentary (QS), ...
Pilch Wanda W Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance in two series of examinations with two types of stressors (exogenous heat and the combined exogenous and endogenous heat) in trained and untrained men. The exogenous stressor was provided by Finnish sauna session, whereas the combined stressor was represented by ...
Porter Starr Kathryn N KN Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many frail older adults are thin, weak, and undernourished; this component of frailty remains a critical concern in the geriatric field. However, there is also strong evidence that excessive adiposity contributes to frailty by reducing the ability of older adults to perform physical activities and increasing metabolic instability. Our scoping ...
Correa Cleiton Silva CS Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of resistance exercise sessions (RESs) performed at different levels of high-volume resistance exercise (HVRE) and low-volume resistance exercise (LVRE) on postprandial lipemia (PPL) in postmenopausal women. Thirty-nine healthy unconditioned postmenopausal women (59.5 ± 4.8 years of age, body mass 69.6 ± 9.1 kg, height 157.9 ± 7.2 cm, ...
Kabasakalis Athanasios A a Physical Education and Sport Science , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , - - 2014
Abstract Throughout adolescence, swimmers begin to carry out demanding endurance and high-intensity training sets, the effect of which on redox status is largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 2000-m continuous swimming and 6 × 50-m maximal swimming on the redox status of adolescent swimmers. ...
Barker Alan R AR a Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences , University of Exeter , Exeter , - - 2014
Abstract The present study aimed to establish whether 2 weeks of high-intensity interval training would have a beneficial effect on aerobic fitness, fat oxidation, blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) in healthy adolescent boys. Ten adolescent boys (15.1 ± 0.3 years, 1.3 ± 0.2 years post-estimated peak height velocity) completed six sessions of ...
Costa Alessandra Ermetice Almeida AE 1Universidade Federal de São - - 2014
Exercise is a common and non-invasive way to improve human health. In contrast, intense exercise causes damage in various tissues, and is usually associated with metabolic changes in organs and tissues. Even though intense exercise is associated with dysfunctions in the female reproductive system, much less is known about the ...
da Silva Rossato Juliane J Laboratory of Cellular Physiology, Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Sarmento Leite 500 (ICBS), 90050-170, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that a single bout of moderate exercise stimulates macrophage function, increasing phagocytic capacity, and production of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide (NO˙) through nuclear factor kappa B activation. In this work, we investigated the role of α- and β-adrenoreceptors on the function of ...
Ballmann Christopher C School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36830, - - 2014
Hypoxia due to altitude diminishes performance and alters exercise oxidative stress responses. While oxidative stress and exercise are well studied, the independent impact of hypoxia on exercise recovery remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigated hypoxic recovery effects on post-exercise oxidative stress. Physically active males (n = 12) performed normoxic cycle ergometer exercise consisting ...
Racette Susan B - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate cardiometabolic risk of students longitudinally and compare them with age-matched national samples. Participants: Participants are 134 graduate students enrolled between August 2005 and May 2010. Methods: Students were assessed at the beginning and end of their 3-year curriculum. Comparative samples included 966 National Health and Nutrition ...
Minato Ken-Ichiro K Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Meijo University, 1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Nagoya, 468-8502, Japan, - - 2014
We could proposed that N(ε)-(hexanoy)lysine, HEL, become a useful biomarker for detection of oxidative stress damage occurred by exhaustive exercise. We examined the preventive effect of flavonoid compound, eriocitrin, against exercise-induced oxidative damage in rat liver. Eriocitrin administration prior to exercise significantly suppressed the increases in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance caused ...
Aoi Wataru W Laboratory of Health Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, 1-5 Hangi-cho Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8522, Japan, - - 2014
Exercise leads to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via several sources in the skeletal muscle. In particular, the mitochondrial electron transport chain in the muscle cells produces ROS along with an elevation in the oxygen consumption during exercise. Such ROS generated during exercise can cause oxidative modification of ...
Da Silva Walkíria Valeriano WV Department of Physical Education. Health Sciences Center. Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa. PB. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: The use of nutritional supplements is prevalent among physical exercise practitioners and some adverse effects have been reported, however not sufficiently substantial, because they originate from isolated cases. Objectives: Investigate nutritional supplements consumption prevalence and adverse effects of the use of such products. Methods: An epidemiological, representative and transversal ...
Vezzoli Alessandra A Institute of Bioimaging and Molecular Physiology, CNR, Segrate (Milano), - - 2014
Beneficial systemic effects of regular physical exercise have been demonstrated to reduce risks of a number of age-related disorders. Antioxidant capacity adaptations are amongst these fundamental changes in response to exercise training. However, it has been claimed that acute physical exercise performed at high intensity (>60% of maximal oxygen uptake) ...
Alkahtani Shaea S Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Australia & University of Dammam , Saudi - - 2014
This study compared fat oxidation rate from a graded exercise test (GXT) with a moderate-intensity interval training session (MIIT) in obese men. Twelve sedentary obese males (age 29 ± 4.1 years; BMI 29.1 ± 2.4 kg·m(-2); fat mass 31.7 ± 4.4 %body mass) completed two exercise sessions: GXT to determine ...
Bouzid Mohamed Amine MA Université Lille Nord de France, EA 4488, Activité Physique Muscle Santé, Faculté des Sciences du Sport et de l'Education Physique, Ronchin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether oxidative stress markers and biomarkers of muscle injury would be affected by aging at rest and in response to an incremental exhaustive exercise. Fifteen young (20.3±2.8 years) and fifteen older adults (65.1±3.5 years) performed an incremental cycle ergometer test to exhaustion. ...
Slot Ilse G M IG Department of Respiratory Medicine, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Already in an early disease stage, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are confronted with impaired skeletal muscle function and physical performance due to a loss of oxidative type I muscle fibers and oxidative capacity (i.e. oxidative phenotype; Oxphen). Physical activity is a well-known stimulus of muscle Oxphen and ...
Margaritelis N V NV Exercise Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Agios Ioannis, Serres 62110, - - 2014
Exercise has been consistently used as an oxidant stimulus in redox biology studies. However, previous studies have focused on group differences and did not examine individual differences. As a result, it remains untested whether all individuals experience oxidative stress after acute exercise. Therefore, the main aim of the present study ...
Le Moyec Laurence L Unité de Biologie Intégrative et Adaptation à l'Exercice, Université d'Evry Val D'Essonne-Inserm, Evry, - - 2014
During long distance endurance races, horses undergo high physiological and metabolic stresses. The adaptation processes involve the modulation of the energetic pathways in order to meet the energy demand. The aims were to evaluate the effects of long endurance exercise on the plasma metabolomic profiles and to investigate the relationships ...
Kao Chung-Lan CL Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital Taipei, Taiwan ; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University Taipei, Taiwan ; Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, School of Biomedical Science and Engineering, National Yang-Ming University Taipei, - - 2014
Dizziness is a common clinical symptom frequently referred to general neurologists and practitioners. Exercise intervention, in the form of vestibular rehabilitation, is known as an effective clinical management for dizziness. This intervention is reported to have a functional role in correcting dizziness, improving gaze stability, retraining balance and gait, and ...
Covington Jeffrey D JD Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of - - 2014
Lipid droplet-associated proteins such as perilipin 3 (PLIN3) and coatomer GTPase proteins (GBF1, ARF1, Sec23a, and ARFRP1) are expressed in skeletal muscle but little is known so far as to their regulation of lipolysis. We aimed here to explore the effects of lipolytic stimulation in vitro in primary human myotubes ...
Bergouignan Audrey A Anschutz Health & Wellness Center at the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, United States of - - 2014
It has been hypothesized that obese and reduced-obese individuals have decreased oxidative capacity, which contributes to weight gain and regain. Recent data have challenged this concept. To determine (1) whether total and dietary fat oxidation are decreased in obese and reduced-obese adults compared to lean but increase in response to ...
Sone Yasuko Y Institute of Environmental Science for Human Life, Ochanomizu - - 2014
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) responds to thiazolidinedione derivatives, which are ligands of PPARγ, and affects insulin resistance. Recently, a PPARγ study reported that in high-fat-diet-induced obesity, the phosphorylation of PPARγ prevented the transcription of specific PPARγ targets that have anti-obesity effects. We previously reported that genetic variants of the ...
Vance Danica D - - 2014
The mechanisms through which exercise reduces cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. We used echocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers and gene expression to investigate cardiovascular effects associated with exercise training. Nineteen sedentary men (22-37 years) completed a 17-week half-marathon training program. Serial measurements of resting heart rate, blood pressure, maximum oxygen consumption, lipids, ...
Stefani Giuseppe Potrick - - 2014
Creatine supplementation is known to exert an effect by increasing strength in high intensity and short duration exercises. There is a hypothesis which suggests that creatine supplementation may provide antioxidant activity by scavenging Reactive Oxygen Species. However, the antioxidant effect of creatine supplementation associated with resistance training has not yet ...
Roengrit Thapanee - - 2014
Phyllanthus amarus (PA) is a herbal plant containing antioxidant compounds that scavenge free radicals. The reduced oxidative stress may decrease muscle damage leading to early recovery from muscle soreness. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of PA powder on oxidative stress, muscle damage, leukocyte counts, inflammation, and muscle soreness ...
Yang Liang L Department of Pharmacology, Nankai University School of Medicine, Tianjin, - - 2014
Extensive data have shown that exercise training can provide cardio-protection against pathological cardiac hypertrophy. However, how long the heart can retain cardio-protective phenotype after the cessation of exercise is currently unknown. In this study, we investigated the time course of the loss of cardio-protection after cessation of exercise and the ...
Sutkowy Paweł P The Chair of Medical Biology of Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Karłowicza 24, 85 092 Bydgoszcz, - - 2014
The influence of exercise combined with whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on the oxidant/antioxidant balance in healthy men was assessed. The study included 16 kayakers of the Polish National Team, aged 22.7 ± 2.6, subjected to WBC (-120°C--145°C; 3 min) twice a day for the first 10 days of a 19-day physical training ...
Yi Muqing M Center for Sports Nutrition, National Institute of Sports Medicine, 1st Anding Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Almonds are a healthy tree nut food with high nutrient density. Their consumption has been shown to ameliorate oxidative stress, inflammation, etc. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of almonds on elements of endurance exercise performance in trained athletes. A 10-week crossover, placebo controlled study was ...
Garelnabi Mahdi M Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts, 3 Solomont Way, Suite 4 01854, Lowell, MA, - - 2014
We proposed that mice supplemented with quercetin, a class of flavonoids known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, will have profound effects on the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis when combined with exercise. Forty C57BL6 LDLr -/- mice were divided into four groups (n = 10): control untreated (NN); control group supplemented with 100 μg/day ...
Francescato Maria Pia MP Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
Presently, no clear-cut guidelines are available to suggest the more appropriate physical activity for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus due to paucity of experimental data obtained under patients' usual life conditions. Accordingly, we explored the oxidative stress levels associated with a prolonged moderate intensity, but fatiguing, exercise performed under ...
Hwang Hyejung H Laboratory of Exercise Nutrition, Department of Physical Education, Konkuk University, Seoul 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Korea. - - 2014
Red ginseng (RG) has been reported to improve the blood and organ lipid profile when combined with exercise. However, the effect of RG on energy metabolism during exercise is poorly understood. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate whether RG treatment alters fat utilization during exercise; We used seven-week-old ICR ...
Croci Ilaria I The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia; School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise training performed at the intensity eliciting maximal fat oxidation (Fatmax) has been shown to improve the metabolic profile of obese patients. However, limited information is available on the reproducibility of Fatmax and related physiological measures. The aim of this study was to assess the intra-individual variability of: a) ...
Kaldur Triin T 0000-0002-2525-749X Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli Street, 50090 Tartu, Estonia ; Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli Street, 50090 Tartu, - - 2014
Background. The aim was to determine the effect of heat acclimation (HA) on oxidative stress (OxS) and inflammation in resting conditions and on the response pattern of these parameters to exhausting endurance exercise. Methods. Parameters of OxS and inflammation were measured in non-heat-acclimated status (NHAS) and after a 10-day HA ...
Bleakley Chris M CM Sport and Exercise Science Research Institute, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, Northern - - 2014
Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) involves short exposures to air temperatures below -100°C. WBC is increasingly accessible to athletes, and is purported to enhance recovery after exercise and facilitate rehabilitation postinjury. Our objective was to review the efficacy and effectiveness of WBC using empirical evidence from controlled trials. We found ten relevant ...
Feoli Ana Maria Pandolfo AM Faculdade de Enfermagem, Nutrição e Fisioterapia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Ipiranga 6681, Prédio 12, 8°andar, 90619-900 Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Objective. The main goal of the present study was to investigate the xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in metabolic syndrome in subjects submitted to a single exercise session. We also investigated parameters of oxidative and inflammatory status. Materials/Methods. A case-control study (9 healthy and 8 MS volunteers) was performed to measure ...
Kuhle Carol L CL Division of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity are increasing in individuals over age 60 years. This systematic review quantifies the effect of exercise on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and lipids in overweight and obese individuals over the age of 60 years. Nine randomised controlled trials conducted in Brazil, Great Britain, Iceland, Japan and ...
Zajac Adam A Department of Sports Training-Academy of Physical Education im. J. Kukuczki in Katowice, Mikolowska 72a, 40-065 Katowice, Poland. - - 2014
The main objective of this research was to determine the effects of a long-term ketogenic diet, rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, on aerobic performance and exercise metabolism in off-road cyclists. Additionally, the effects of this diet on body mass and body composition were evaluated, as well as those that occurred ...
Meguid N A NA Department of Research on Children with Special Needs, National Research Center, Cairo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an electronic treadmill exercise training programme on malondialdehyde (MDA) as a marker for lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in adolescents with Down syndrome. The study was carried out on 30 adolescent males with Down syndrome, ...
Nemoto Kenji K Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tokyo Medical University Ibaraki Medical - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common chronic lung disease and is an important cause of morbidity worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves the oxidant/antioxidant imbalance, exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with different stages of ...
Li Ran R China Institute of Sport Science, Beijing 100061, - - 2014
The purpose of study was to assess the efficacy of a 16-week Baduanjin qigong training intervention in promoting physical fitness and health for adults. An experimental design was adopted, and subjects were assigned randomly into an experimental group (n = 55) and a control group (n = 55). In the ...
Mason Rachael R RR Biology of Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, - - 2014
Lipolysis involves the sequential breakdown of fatty acids from triacylglycerol and is increased during energy stress such as exercise. Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) is a key regulator of skeletal muscle lipolysis and perilipin (PLIN) 5 is postulated to be an important regulator of ATGL action of muscle lipolysis. Hence, we ...
Plaisance Eric P EP Department of Human Studies, Exercise and Nutritional Physiology Laboratory, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2014
Postprandial hyperlipemia produces long-term derangements in lipid/lipoprotein metabolism, vascular endothelial dysfunction, hypercoagulability, and sympathetic hyperactivity which are strongly linked to atherogenesis. The purpose of this review is to (1) provide a qualitative analysis of the available literature examining the dysregulation of postprandial lipid metabolism in the presence of obesity, (2) ...
Gao Chao C Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environment, Ministry of Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environment, and Health (Wuhan) and State Key Laboratory of Environment Health (Incubation), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan, 430030, People's Republic of - - 2013
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the intense exercise-induced myocardium injury, and mitochondrial compartment is presumed as the main source and susceptible target of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of quercetin, a naturally occurring flavonoids possessing antioxidant effect ...
Gwozdzinski Krzysztof K Department of Molecular Biophysics, University of Lodz, Pomorska 141/143, 90-236 Lodz, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in haemoglobin conformation and parameters related to oxidative stress in whole erythrocytes, membranes, and plasma after a single bout of exercise in a group of young untrained men. Venous blood samples from eleven healthy young untrained males (age = 22 ± ...
Moro Cedric C Inserm UMR1048, Institute of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity Research Laboratory, CHU Rangueil, 1 Avenue Jean Poulhès, BP84225, 31432, Toulouse Cedex 4, France, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of substrate availability on fuel selection during exercise. Eight endurance-trained male cyclists performed 90-min exercise at 70 % of their maximal oxygen uptake in a cross-over design, either in rested condition (CON) or the day after 2-h exercise practised at ...
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