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Results 451 - 500 of 1182
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Bolin Delmas J - - 2010
The application of manual techniques to pediatric athletic injuries has been considered alternative medicine. There are many injuries that are associated with loss of normal motion. Altered biomechanics can be readily identified and treated using manual methods. These include articular or thrust techniques, muscle energy, strain-counterstrain, and myofascial treatments, among ...
Taylor Bryan J - - 2010
Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) results in a decrease in the capacity of the lungs and chest wall for pressure, volume, and airflow generation. We asked whether such impairments might increase the potential for exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue and mechanical ventilatory constraint in this population. Seven Paralympic wheelchair rugby players (mean ...
Ginis Kathleen A Martin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the types, intensities, and average duration of leisure time physical activities (LTPAs) performed by people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women with SCI (N=347) who reported engaging in LTPA over the previous 3 days. INTERVENTIONS: Not ...
Lojovich Jeanne M - - 2010
Each year approximately 1.5 million individuals sustain traumatic brain injuries often resulting in difficulties in memory and executive function that limit independence. Aerobic exercise not only has been found to impact cardiovascular systems but has also shown benefits to brain function itself and specifically in the domain of memory and ...
Asplund Chad - - 2010
Bicycling is a popular fitness activity in the United States and around the world. Because of the nature of the bicycling position, the neck and back are at risk for injury. One method to prevent these injuries is to ensure that the body's "core" is strong and stable. A strong ...
Abel T - - 2010
The high mechanical efficiency of the geared handcycle makes it suitable for elite athletes to train and even compete in races with able-bodied (recreational) cyclists. However, the actual exercise profile for endurance events has not been quantified. To guide future training regimes in a safe and effective process, the aim ...
van Duijnhoven Noortje - - 2010
Individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) have an increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that (anti)oxidative imbalance is associated with the increased cardiovascular risk in SCI, while exercise can reverse this status. The aim of the study is to compare baseline levels of oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity between individuals ...
Krityakiarana W W Intellectual and Developmental Disability Research Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen, School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2010
Exercise has been shown to increase hippocampal neurogenesis, but the effects of exercise on oligodendrocyte generation have not yet been reported. In this study, we evaluated the hypothesis that voluntary exercise may affect neurogenesis, and more in particular, oligodendrogenesis in the thoracic segment of the intact spinal cord of adult ...
Yamanaka M M Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Nachi-Katsuura Research Center of Sports Medicine and Balneology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama-shi, - - 2010
Non-randomized study. The mechanism underlying exercise-induced argumentation of natural killer cell cytotoxic activity (NKCA) in humans remains unclear. To address this, NKCA responses were studied during and after exercise in persons with cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) and dysfunctional sympathetic nervous system. Kibikogen Rehabilitation Center for Employment Injuries. We examined ...
Park Kanghui - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO) may aggravate neuronal damage after spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that NO produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) accelerates secondary damage to spinal tissue, which may be reversed by the neuroprotectant, melatonin. This study investigated the effects of combination therapy with melatonin (10 mg/kg) and ...
Rufener Stephanie L - - 2010
The educational objectives of this self-assessment module are for the participants to exercise, self-assess, and improve their understanding of the most important features of congenital spine and spinal cord malformations.
Pritchett R C - - 2010
Athletes with spinal cord injury often experience high heat storage due to reduced sweating capacity below the spinal injury. Spray bottle (SB) may be used to apply mist for evaporative cooling during breaks in competitions. This study examined the efficacy of SB during rest breaks. Seven participants, four female and ...
Myers J N - - 2010
Prospective comparison of spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects and ambulatory subjects. To determine the effects of the presence and level of SCI on heart rate recovery (HRR). Outpatient SCI center. HRR was determined in 63 SCI subjects (26 with tetraplegia, 22 with high-level paraplegia, 15 with low-level paraplegia) and 26 ...
Sandrow-Feinberg Harra R HR Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Drexel University College of Medicine, 2900 Queen Lane, Philadelphia, PA 19129, - - 2010
Secondary degeneration leads to an expansion of the initial tissue damage sustained during a spinal cord injury (SCI). Dampening the cellular inflammatory response that contributes to this progressive tissue damage is one possible strategy for neuroprotection after acute SCI. We initially examined whether treatment with a PEGylated form of rat ...
Tawashy Amira E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: People with spinal cord injuries (SCIs), particularly those with injuries causing tetraplegia, are at risk for cardiovascular illnesses. There is a compelling need to address poor cardiovascular health as early as possible after cervical SCI. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the process of ...
Janney Carol A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Medically treated injuries have been shown to increase with increasing body mass index (BMI). Information is lacking on the frequency and type of injuries and illnesses among overweight and obese adults who engage in regular physical activities as part of weight loss or weight gain prevention programs. METHODS: Sedentary ...
Ghiasvand R - - 2010
Exercise can change the release of numerous cytokines and modulate their receptor systems. Dietary ω-3 lipids may decrease the levels of inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandins (PGs). Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of exercise and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) supplementation, with or without vitamin E, on the blood levels ...
Shin Ki Ok KO Department of Physical Education, College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University , Busan, - - 2010
This study evaluated the synergistic effects of acute exercise with capsaicin (200mg) upon the restoration of cardiac autonomic functions and depolarization- repolarization interval as well as substrate oxidation. Nine healthy males [21.9(0.8) yrs] volunteered for this study. Cardiac autonomic activity, metabolic responses, and the ECG QT intervals were continuously measured ...
Lima-Silva Adriano E - - 2010
This study aimed to compare maximal fat oxidation rate parameters between moderate- and low-performance runners. Eighteen runners performed an incremental treadmill test to estimate individual maximal fat oxidation rate (Fatmax) based on gases measures and a 10,000-m run on a track. The subjects were then divided into a low and ...
Cowan Rachel E - - 2010
Purpose. To summarise the spinal cord injury (SCI) specific profile of three cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD): fasting dyslipidaemia, postprandial lipidaemia and vascular inflammation and to summarise exercise prescriptions that may attenuate each. Method. NA. Results. NA. Conclusions. At least three CVD risk factors have unique profiles in the SCI population. Fasting dyslipidaemia is ...
Humphries David - - 2010
Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) incorporates a diverse range of disciplines. These include: disease and injury prevention, management of medical problems in exercising individuals, management of soft tissue injuries sustained during exercise, and exercise prescription for improving physical fitness and treating disease.
Ogata Hisayoshi - - 2010
We examined ventilatory response during passive walking-like exercise in the standing posture in complete spinal cord-injured humans and found that ventilatory equivalent for O(2) uptake, which would be related to the sensation of breathlessness, was lower during passive exercise than during quiet standing.
Ollivier-Lanvin Karen K Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19129, - - 2010
The H-reflex habituates at relatively low frequency (10 Hz) stimulation in the intact spinal cord, but loss of descending inhibition resulting from spinal cord transection reduces this habituation. There is a return towards a normal pattern of low-frequency habituation in the reflex activity with cycling exercise of the affected hind ...
Chen Chun-Lin - - 2009
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) represents 0.3% to 0.9% of spinal epidural space-occupying lesions, and most surgeons advocate aggressive and early surgical intervention. In this article, we describe a patient with SSEH with sudden quadriplegia after sit-ups exercise.
Copland Spencer T - - 2009
Hamstring tears are exceedingly common in a variety of athletic populations and contribute to a significant amount of morbidity and time lost from sport. Many modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors have been identified with hamstring injury. There is strong evidence that Nordic hamstring exercises can decrease the risk of hamstring ...
Anneken V - - 2010
Retrospective cross-sectional study with anonymous postal data collection. Regaining the best possible mobility and independence is not only the focus of the rehabilitation process for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), but also represents an important criterion for the individual's quality of life (QoL). Therefore, if and to what extent ...
Lannem A M - - 2010
Cross-sectional study. To compare exercise-related self-perceptions in persons with complete and incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) and to identify factors that explain the variance of perceived exercise mastery in the study population. Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital and the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norway. A total of 116 respondents (47 persons ...
Kimura Tomonori - - 2010
We report a case of a 17-year-old boy suffering from severe loin pain and oliguric acute kidney injury after strenuous exercise, with slightly elevated serum myoglobin and creatinine phosphokinase. Exercise-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) was diagnosed. We started intermittent hemodialysis thrice a week from the admission day. Four days later, ...
Hashimoto Kazunori - - 2009
We present herein transcriptional changes in mouse spinal cords in response to physical exercise on a treadmill using a DNA microarray. By 30-min exercise, the expression of 3 genes was enhanced and expression of 29 genes reduced. By continuous 2-week exercise (30-min exercise per day), the expression of 1 gene ...
Poon Chi-Sang CS Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Bldg E25-250, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2009
Recent evidence indicates that the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) in dorsolateral pons is pivotal in mediating the feedback control of inspiratory drive by central chemoreceptor input and feedforward control of body temperature by cutaneous thermoreceptor input. The latter is subject to descending serotonergic inhibition which gates the transmission of ascending ...
Yoo Jae Ho - - 2010
Female athletes are more prone to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than their male counterparts, presumably because of anatomical, hormonal, and neuromuscular differences. Of these three, only the neuromuscular component can be modified by preventive exercise. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a neuromuscular protocol on the prevention of ...
Lubetzky-Vilnai A - - 2009
The rate of injuries resulting from physical exercise in sport centers as well as related factors has not yet been described. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of self-reported activity-specific injuries, to identify the relations between injury profile and different types and patterns of physical activity ...
Hadala Michal - - 2009
PURPOSE: To analyze the effectiveness in reducing the number of sport injuries after application of different strategies of preventive physiotherapy during competition periods in an America's Cup yachting crew. METHODS: A prospective physiotherapy intervention study during competition periods for three seasons was conducted on an America's Cup yachting race crew ...
Löfqvist L L Department of Work Science, Business Economics, and Environmental Psychology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 88, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of riding instructors' working conditions, work load, and frequency of musculoskeletal problems and to identify potential risk factors for the development of musculoskeletal problems. A questionnaire was mailed to 800 instructors in Sweden containing questions on their work environment, ...
Vouis Jon - - 2009
Traumatic injury to the hand in the pediatric population unfortunately remains common in the spectrum of accidental injuries sustained in this population. This is particularly true regarding stationary exercise equipment. The popularity of home exercise equipment continues to rise in the United States, particularly stationary bicycles and treadmills. Additional safety ...
Kao Tina - - 2009
Exercise-induced cortical plasticity is associated with improved functional outcome after brain or nerve injury. Exercise also improves functional outcomes after spinal cord injury, but its effects on cortical plasticity are not known. The goal of this investigation was to study the effect of moderate exercise (treadmill locomotion, 3 min/d, 5 ...
Deforges Séverine - - 2009
Several studies using transgenic mouse models of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have reported a life span increase in exercised animals, as long as animals are submitted to a moderate-intensity training protocol. However, the neuroprotective potential of exercise is still questionable. To gain further insight into the cellular basis of ...
Finch C - - 2009
Knee injuries are a major injury concern for Australian Football players and participants of many other sports worldwide. There is increasing evidence from laboratory and biomechanically focused studies about the likely benefit of targeted exercise programmes to prevent knee injuries. However, there have been few international studies that have evaluated ...
Colado Juan C - - 2009
A systematic review of the scientific literature was conducted to identify the optimal ranges of motion for preventing injury in the main joints of the body during resistance exercise performance. These ranges of motion are independent of the type in which the resistance exercises could be applied (ie, adults, elderly, ...
Sherman M F B - - 2009
Case report. To report on the respiratory and kinematic changes associated with body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) in an individual with an incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Human Locomotion Research Laboratory, Vancouver, BC, Canada. A 38-year-old man with an incomplete SCI at the C1/C2 level, graded on the ...
Sandrow-Feinberg Harra R - - 2009
Evaluation of locomotor training after spinal cord injury (SCI) has primarily focused on hind limb recovery, with evidence of functional and molecular changes in response to exercise. Since trauma at a cervical (C) level is common in human SCI, we used a unilateral C4 contusion injury model in rats to ...
Patel Dilip R - - 2009
Skeletal muscle breakdown occurs normally with exercise, followed by muscle repair and physiologic adaptation. Strenuous, unaccustomed, prolonged, and repetitive exercise, particularly when associated with other risk factors such as hot and humid climate or sickle cell trait can cause clinically significant exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER). Although most cases are asymptomatic and ...
Williams Gavin P GP Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2009
To evaluate the efficacy of a high-level mobility programme for people with acquired brain injury (ABI). A cohort study which evaluated the efficacy of a high-level mobility programme for people with ABI. A major rehabilitation hospital. Twenty-eight people with acquired brain injury. A 3 month high-level mobility programme conducted twice ...
Wong, Shirley Candice
Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) often suffer from orthostatic hypotension (marked reduction in blood pressure upon assuming an upright posture) and exercise may assist with its treatment by improving cardiovascular health and autonomic regulation. Hybrid exercise (concurrent movement of the arms and legs) promotes enhancements in venous return, ventricular ...
Barfield J P - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) to reach a training threshold during on-court sport activity. Monitors collected heart rate (HR) data every 5 s for 11 wheelchair tennis players (WCT) with low paraplegia and 11 able-bodied controls matched on ...
Lee Michael A - - 2009
Our knowledge of concussions has increased and our treatment has changed substantially in recent years based on new research. Some of the major changes include the awareness that "minor head injuries," frequently called "bell-ringers or dings," are in fact concussions; many relatively minor head injuries take longer to heal than ...
Van Duijnhoven Noortje T L - - 2009
Spinal cord injury (SCI) induces vascular adaptations below the level of the lesion, such as impaired cutaneous vasodilation. However, the mechanisms underlying these differences are unclear. The aim of this study is to examine arm and leg cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) responses to local heating in 17 able-bodied controls (39 ...
Astorino Todd Anthony - - 2009
The primary aim of the study was to examine substrate metabolism during combined passive and active exercise in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Nine men and women with SCI (mean age 40.6 +/- 3.4 years) completed two trials of submaximal exercise 1 week apart. Two maintained a complete injury ...
Endo Teruaki - - 2009
Rehabilitation is important for the functional recovery of patients with spinal cord injury. However, neurological events associated with rehabilitation remain unclear. Herein, we investigated neuronal regeneration and exercise following spinal cord injury, and found that assisted stepping exercise of spinal cord injured rats in the inflammatory phase causes allodynia. Sprague-Dawley ...
Scheuring Richard A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Astronauts have sustained musculoskeletal injuries and minor trauma in space, but our knowledge of these injuries is based mainly on anecdotal reports. The purpose of our study was to catalog and analyze all in-flight musculoskeletal injuries occurring throughout the U.S. space program to date. METHODS: A database on in-flight ...
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