Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1106
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Dunlop Sarah A - - 2008
Spinal cord injury causes devastating loss of function and progressive, potentially life-threatening, secondary complications. Although significant preclinical advances continue to be made in cellular and molecular therapies which promote regeneration, plasticity within remaining circuits and how it can be influenced by physical activity is evolving as a key research area. ...
Bixenstine Paul J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The mechanistic association between endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) and hearing loss (HL) is unclear. Although ELH severity has been shown to correlate in some studies with HL, injury of vital structures, including hair cells and the cochlear nerve, have failed to demonstrate correlation with ELH severity. The goal of this ...
Gillis D J - - 2008
Review. Identify and describe the body of literature pertaining to non-pharmacological management of orthostatic hypotension (OH) during the early rehabilitation of persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI). Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Search strategy: a comprehensive search of electronic databases and cited references was undertaken. Selection criteria: case studies, ...
Harness E T - - 2008
Exercise has beneficial effects on muscle and motor function after spinal cord injury (SCI). Little is known regarding effects of prolonged intense exercise (IE) in humans with chronic SCI. Prospective, non-randomized, controlled observational study. The intervention was either a multimodal IE program (n=21) or a control (CTL) intervention consisting of ...
Iinattiniemi Sari - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between different types of physical exercise and the risk of subsequent fall-related injury. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of the home-dwelling elderly. METHODS: A population sample of home-dwelling subjects aged 85 years or older (n = 512) in northern Finland participated in the study. Baseline ...
Eberl Robert - - 2009
While it has been shown that non-parental child care is associated with a reduced risk for unintentional injuries, a considerable number of accidents in kindergartens do result in severe injuries. We have collected data on the behavioral and environmental aspects of accidents that occurred in kindergartens in Austria with the ...
Hamahata Atsumori - - 2008
Fire accident victims who sustain both thermal injury to skin and smoke inhalation have gross evidence of systemic and pulmonary oxidant damage and acute lung injury. We hypothesized that gamma-tocopherol (gT), a reactive O(2) and N(2) scavenger, when delivered into the airway, would attenuate lung injury induced by burn and ...
Rojas Vega S - - 2008
The present study investigated the effects of exercise on the serum concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), prolactin (PRL) and cortisol (COR) in 11 chronically spinal cord-injured athletes. In these subjects BDNF concentration at rest was sixfold higher compared with the concentrations reported earlier in ...
Brushøj Christoffer - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether an exercise program can prevent overuse injuries in the lower extremity. An often encountered and important risk factor for the development of lower extremity overuse injuries is an abrupt increase in activity level. HYPOTHESIS: A preventive training program based on a literature review of intrinsic ...
Behrman Andrea L - - 2008
Locomotor training (LT) enhances walking in adult experimental animals and humans with mild-to-moderate spinal cord injuries (SCIs). The animal literature suggests that the effects of LT may be greater on an immature nervous system than on a mature nervous system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects ...
Sabatier Manning J - - 2008
Physical activity after spinal cord injury promotes improvements in motor function, but its effects following peripheral nerve injury are less clear. Although axons in peripheral nerves are known to regenerate better than those in the CNS, methods of accelerating regeneration are needed due to the slow overall rate of growth. ...
Krabak Brian - - 2008
Athletic injuries to the lumbar spine are relatively common, depending upon the specific sport. With proper management, the majority of injuries resolve quickly and allow for rapid return to sport. However, some of these injuries occur because of improper mechanics that adversely affect the core stability of the spine, or ...
Schalow G - - 2008
A motocross athlete suffered a clinically complete spinal cord injury (SCI) during competition. Although MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) showed a complete spinal cord injury at the Thoracic 11/12 levels, surface EMG recordings indicated the survival of few tract fibres across the injury site. Six weeks after the accident the subject ...
Belavý Daniel L - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effectiveness a resistive exercise countermeasure with whole-body vibration in relation to lumbo-pelvic muscle and spinal morphology changes during simulated spaceflight (bed-rest). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal lengthening, flattening of the spinal curves, increases in disc size, and muscle atrophy are commonly seen ...
Rogers C W - - 2008
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: No data exist on the effects of conditioning exercise at foal age on workload and subsequent clinical injury rate during their 2- and 3-year-old racing careers. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of subjecting TB foals to conditioning exercise prior to the start of race training on: ...
Mitchell G S - - 2008
Small increases in respiratory dead space (VD) augment the exercise ventilatory response by a serotonin-dependent mechanism known as short-term modulation (STM). We tested the hypotheses that the relevant serotonin receptors for STM are in the spinal cord, and are of the 5-HT2-receptor subtype. After preparing adult female goats with a ...
Gerin Christine - - 2008
Literature highlights that serotonergic descending pathways are implicated in somatosensory functions in the spinal cord and that serotonin (5-HT) in the dorsal horn might play a role in motor function through proprioceptive feedback. We hypothesized that 5-HT release in dorsal horn might represent an important factor in the completion of ...
Lee Jiwon - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the histopathologic changes of gallbladder wall surrounding radiofrequency ablation zones in pig livers and to assess the risk factors for thermal injury of gallbladder wall in terms of distance of the electrode, electrode direction in relation to the gallbladder wall, and ...
Slobounov Semyon - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI), including mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), commonly known as a "concussion", is still one of the most puzzling neurological disorders and least understood injuries facing sport medicine and the scientific community [Cantu R. Concussion assessment Ongoing controversy. In: Slobounov S, Sebastianelli W, editors. Foundations of ...
Hedman Travis L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom have resulted in severe burns to the hands. Because of the frequency and severity of hand burns, an All Army Activity (ALARACT) message was distributed emphasizing the importance of hand protection (HP). Our purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the ALARACT in ...
Bessa A - - 2008
To evaluate the impact of high-intensity ultraendurance (HIU) cycling, using it as a possible way to understand muscle injury kinetics and blood immune cells' release during high-intensity prolonged exercise Male amateur triathletes enrolled during a cycling race of the International Bike Championship 800 km cycling relay (approximately 23 h). Each ...
Zeng Qiang - - 2008
The collaborative wheelchair assistant (CWA) provides guidance along software-defined paths while the user is in charge of the speed control, including start and stop. Three patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and two with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), who had been ruled out for independent mobility, performed experiments with the CWA. ...
Lynskey James V - - 2008
The adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS) is capable of considerable plasticity, both in health and disease. After spinal neurotrauma, the degrees and extent of neuroplasticity and recovery depend on multiple factors, including the level and extent of injury, postinjury medical and surgical care, and rehabilitative interventions. Rehabilitation strategies focus ...
Johnston Therese E - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe an upper extremity ergometer test for children with spinal cord injury (SCI) and examine differences based on injury level for peak heart rate (HR peak), oxygen uptake (VO 2 peak/kg), and peak power output per kilogram (W peak/kg). METHODS: Twenty-nine children with motor complete SCI participated. Nine ...
Janssen Thomas W J - - 2008
Computer-controlled electrical stimulation (ES)-induced leg cycle ergometer (ES-LCE) exercise can be beneficial for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), but exercise performance is often insufficient for eliciting continuous gains in cardiopulmonary training adaptations. The first purpose of this study was to determine whether a modified ES-LCE improved exercise performance and ...
Armstrong Bridget - - 2008
Traumatic minor cervical strains are common place in high-impact sports (e.g. tackling) and premature degenerative changes have been documented in sports people exposed to recurrent impact trauma (e.g. scrummaging in rugby) or repetitive forces (e.g. Formula 1 racing drivers, jockeys). While proprioceptive exercises have been an integral part of rehabilitation ...
Lu Yueli - - 2008
Clinical trials have proven the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in improving the functional outcome after cardiac arrest (CA) compared with the normothermic controls. Experimental researches also demonstrated quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) analysis was associated with the long-term outcome of the therapeutic hypothermia in brain injury. Nevertheless, qEEG has not been able ...
Sheel A William - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review of the studies assessing exercise training and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in individuals for the improved respiratory function of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Thirteen studies (5 exercise training, 8 IMT) were identified. Articles were scored for their methodological quality using the ...
Hettinga Dries M - - 2008
A lesion in the spinal cord leads in most cases to a significant reduction in active muscle mass, whereby the paralysed muscles cannot contribute to oxygen consumption (VO2) during exercise. Consequently, persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) can only achieve high VO2 values by excessively stressing the upper body musculature, ...
Greenhalgh David G - - 2008
The science of burns is essentially the study of the response to injury. Burns teach us that it is amazing what the human body can tolerate. It has been well documented that burns are the "ultimate" insult and the body's response is the most profound of any other injury or ...
Coupaud S - - 2008
Tetraplegic volunteers undertook progressive exercise training, using novel systems for arm-cranking exercise assisted by Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES). The main aim was to determine potential training effects of FES-assisted arm-crank ergometry (FES-ACE) on upper limb strength and cardiopulmonary (fitness) in tetraplegia. Surface FES was applied to the biceps and triceps ...
Small Katie - - 2008
A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to assess the efficacy of static stretching as part of the warm-up for the prevention of exercise-related injuries. Computer-aided literature search for articles post-1990 and pre-January 2008 related to static stretching and injury prevention using MEDLINE, SPORT Discus, PubMed, and ScienceDirect databases. ...
Hicks Audrey L - - 2008
Body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) is being used throughout the world as a method for improving functional ambulation after spinal cord injury (SCI). This therapy, however, is very labor-intensive, and recent evidence suggests that it may not be superior to other more conventional forms of rehabilitation for improving locomotor ability. ...
Pelham Thomas W - - 2008
Physical training (PT) is a significant component in the operational preparation for Canadian Forces (CF) combat divers. However, in developing the various components of a PT program, consideration must be given to the potential for increasing the risk of injury. Indeed, all PT programs should incorporate components that minimize risks ...
Faul Peter - - 2008
This review aims to provide an overview and critical assessment of the developments in transurethral electroresection in non-conductive and conductive irrigants. In the 1970s, measurements of the electric pathway in saline were performed for different locations of the neutral electrode. It was then concluded that the current pathway and the ...
Wilt Timothy J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of carbohydrate and lipid disorders in adults with chronic spinal cord injury and evaluate their risk contribution to cardiovascular diseases and the potential impact of exercise and pharmacologic and dietary therapies to alter these disorders and reduce cardiovascular disease risk. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane ...
Astorino Todd A - - 2008
Regular exercise is required in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) to reduce the deleterious effects of chronic paralysis. The primary aims of the study were to examine responses to passive and active exercise on a new rehabilitative device for persons with SCI and to examine reliability of these responses ...
Unt Eve E Institute of Exercise Biology and - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the changes in glutathione redox ratio (GSSG·GSH(-1)) in red blood cells (RBCs) and whole blood in well-trained men following a ski marathon. 16 male subjects (27.0 ± 4.7 yrs, 1.81 ± 0.06 m, 77.6 ± 9.6 kg, VO2max 66.2 ± 5.7 ...
Bogdanis Gregory C GC Department of Sports Medicine & Biology of Physical Activity, University of Athens , - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the relative exercise intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation during walking in inactive and overweight men and women and evaluate any possible sex differences. Forty six healthy, sedentary, overweight men (age: 36.3 ± 1.3 years, body fat: 28.8 ± 0.8%, n = ...
Wilson S K M - - 2008
An exploratory study of the practicality and feasibility of an instrument. To adapt an activity monitor for use on a wheelchair to assess long-term mobility in a free-living environment in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population, and to explore the utility of the data collected. Glasgow, UK. An activity monitor ...
Garrison M Kevin - - 2008
To determine if sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction in the lower extremities is injury level dependent. Although sympathetic responses have been measured in the limbs of people with high and low level SCI using blood flow measurements, including Doppler ultrasound and venous plethysmography, a direct comparison between injury levels has not been ...
Ivković Alan - - 2007
The last three decades have witnessed a tremendous increase in female sports participation at all levels. However, increased sports participation of female athletes has also increased the incidence of sport-related injuries, which can be either acute trauma or overuse injuries. Overuse injuries may be defined as an imbalance caused by ...
Siegenthaler Monica M - - 2008
Over the past few decades, the average age at time of spinal cord injury (SCI) has increased. Here we examined locomotor recovery and myelin pathology in both young and aged adult rats following contusion SCI. Our assessment indicates that the rate of locomotor recovery following SCI is significantly delayed in ...
Mellgren A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Increased levels of the light-chain neurofilament protein (NFL) in CSF provide a marker of CNS injury in several neurodegenerative disorders and have been reported in the AIDS dementia complex (ADC). We examined the effects of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) on CSF NFL in HIV-1-infected subjects with and without ...
Hashimoto Keiji - - 2008
To investigate brain activation in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (Keio Version) (KWCST), we examined changes in total hemoglobin volume (THV) in 8 patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 20 healthy control subjects using two-channel near-infrared spectroscopy. As a result, average THV in the ...
Adachi Noriko - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are more common among female athletes compared to male athletes. Several studies have been reported to explain the gender difference in ACL injury rates and several risk factors underlying gender disparity are believed to exist. Hormonal effects are considered to be one of the ...
Hopkins T - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to identify changes due to whole body vibration in peroneus longus (PL) activation following ankle inversion perturbation. Participants were 22 (age 22.1 +/- 1.8 yrs, ht 168.8 +/- 8.2 cm, mass 65.5 +/- 11.2 kg) physically active male and female students with no recent ...
Ferrara Cynthia M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine relationships between physical characteristics and injuries in adult figure skaters. METHODS: One hundred thirty adult figure skaters (113 women and 17 men, 43 +/- 9 and 55 +/- 10 y old, respectively) completed study questionnaires concerning health, height and weight, exercise habits, and injuries in the preceding ...
Betker Aimee L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Goal-oriented, task-specific training has been shown to improve function; however, it can be difficult to maintain patient interest. This report describes a rehabilitation protocol for the maintenance of balance in a short-sitting position following spinal cord and head injuries by use of a center-of-pressure-controlled video game-based tool. ...
Liu Xiaoli - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work was to investigate if the application of factor analysis to the SELDI-TOF MS data could contribute to the characterization of the serum low-molecular weight proteins/peptides in liver injury. DESIGN AND METHODS: Distinguished SELDI-TOF mass spectral peaks of the liver injury group were identified by ...
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