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Mendham Amy E AE School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Panorama Avenue, Bathurst, NSW, 2795, Australia, - - 2014
Long-term physical activity is reported to improve chronic systemic inflammation, which provides protection against the ensuing development of chronic disease. Accordingly, the present study assessed changes in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, aerobic capacity and body composition following 8 weeks of either small-sided games (SSG) or cycling (CYC) training compared to a ...
Perandini Luiz Augusto LA University of Sao - - 2014
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. This study sought to assess the effects of an exercise training program on cytokines and soluble TNF receptors in response to acute exercise in SLE women. Eight SLE women and ten sex-, age- and BMI-comparable healthy controls (HC) ...
DiLorenzo Frank M FM Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA - - 2014
The effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on inflammatory and muscle damage response to acute eccentric exercise and to the subsequent initiation of a resistance- training program was studied in 41 untrained men. Subjects consumed either 2 g/d of either DHA or placebo (PL) for 28 d prior to a 17 ...
Nikseresht Mahmoud M 1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran. 2Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. 3Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. 4Department of Sport and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of nonlinear resistance training (NRT) and aerobic interval training (AIT), and detraining on selected inflammatory markers in men who are middle-aged and obese. Subjects first were matched by aerobic capacity, age and percentage body fat and then randomly assigned to ...
Søholm Helle H Department of Cardiology 2142, The Heart Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet. Electronic address: - - 2014
Performing exercise is shown to prevent cardiovascular disease, but the risk of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is temporarily increased during strenuous activity. We examined the etiology and outcome after successfully resuscitated OHCA during exercise in a general non-athletic population. Consecutive patients with OHCA were admitted with return of spontaneous ...
Ferguson Richard A RA School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK, - - 2014
A novel technique of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) via the peroneal nerve has been shown to augment limb blood flow which could enhance recovery following exercise. The present study examined the effects of NMES, compared to graduated compression socks on muscle soreness, strength, and markers of muscle damage and inflammation ...
Ogborn Daniel I DI McMaster - - 2014
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress results from an imbalance between the abundance of synthesized proteins and the folding capacity of the ER. In response, the unfolded protein response (UPR), attempts to restore ER function by attenuating protein synthesis and inducing chaperone expression. Resistance exercise (RE) stimulates protein synthesis; however, a post-exercise ...
Stewart Ralph A H RA Green Lane Cardiovascular Service, Auckland City Hospital, and University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic significance of exercise capacity in patients with ischemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction eligible for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Poor exercise capacity is associated with mortality, but it is not known how this influences the benefits and risks of CABG compared ...
Alemo Munters Li L Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, D2:01, 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
With recommended treatment, a majority with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) develop muscle impairment and poor health. Beneficial effects of exercise have been reported on muscle performance, aerobic capacity and health in chronic polymyositis and dermatomyositis and to some extent in active disease and inclusion body myositis (IBM). Importantly, randomized controlled ...
Scalco Renata Siciliani RS MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases and Division of Neuropathology, University College London Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, United - - 2014
McArdle disease is the most common of the glycogen storage diseases. Onset of symptoms is usually in childhood with muscle pain and restricted exercise capacity. Signs and symptoms are often ignored in children or put down to 'growing pains' and thus diagnosis is often delayed. Misdiagnosis is not uncommon because ...
Meamarbashi Abbas A Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, I. R. - - 2014
Very recent studies have reported positive effects of dietary nitrate on the oxygen consumption during exercise. This research aimed to study the effect of moderate dose of high-nitrate vegetables, watercress (Nasturtium officinale) and red radish (Raphanus sativus) compared with a control group on the incremental treadmill exercise test following a ...
Björnsson Hallgren Hanna C HC Department of Orthopeadics and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
A programme based on eccentric exercises for treating subacromial pain was in a previous study found effective at 3-month follow-up. The purposes of the present study were to investigate whether the results were maintained after 1 year and whether the baseline Constant-Murley score, rotator cuff status and radiological findings influenced the ...
Klaren Rachel E RE Department of Kinesiology & Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, - - 2014
Exercise training has improved many outcomes in "clinical" research involving persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), but there is limited understanding of the underlying "basic" pathophysiological mechanisms. The animal model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), seems ideal for examining the effects of exercise training on MS-disease pathophysiology. EAE is an ...
Svendsen Susanne W - - 2014
Surgery for subacromial impingement syndrome is often performed in working age and postoperative physiotherapy exercises are widely used to help restore function. A recent Danish study showed that 10% of a nationwide cohort of patients retired prematurely within two years after surgery. Few studies have compared effects of different postoperative ...
Wright-Beatty Heather E HE Flight Research Laboratory, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, K1A 0R6, - - 2014
The effectiveness of increased air velocity in reducing hydration shifts and physiological strain during work in the heat was examined in young and older males. Ten young (mean ± SE, 24 ± 1 years) and 10 older (59 ± 1 years) males, matched for height, mass, and body surface area, cycled 4 × 15-min at moderate-to-heavy heat production (400 W), with 15-min ...
Capó X X Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain; CIBER: CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), - - 2014
Exercise induces changes in circulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The aim was to investigate the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) diet supplementation on the plasma cytokine levels and on the peripheral mononuclear (PBMCs) cells cytokine production after a training season or an acute bout of exercise. Fifteen male soccer players ...
Theodosiou Maria M University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, - - 2014
Reactive pulmonary hypertension (PH) in left heart disease is associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of exercise ventilatory parameters on cardiopulmonary exercise testing for the diagnosis of reactive PH in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. This was a single-centre, retrospective ...
Westerdahl E E School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro and Department forPhysiotherapy, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden - - - 2014
Cardiac surgery patients often develop a restrictive pulmonary impairment and gas exchange abnormalities in the early postoperative period. Chest physiotherapy is routinely prescribed in order to reduce or prevent these complications. Besides early mobilization, positioning and shoulder girdle exercises, various breathing exercises have been implemented as a major component of ...
Streckmann Fiona F Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
Peripheral neuropathies (PNPs) encompass a large group of disorders of heterogeneous origin which can manifest themselves with sensory and/or motor deficits depending on the predominantly affected nerve fiber modality. It represents a highly prevalent disease group which can be associated with significant disability and poor recovery. Exercise has the potential ...
Pilat C C Department of Sports Medicine, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, - - 2014
Traumeel (Tr14) is a natural, combination drug, which has been shown to modulate inflammation at the cytokine level. This study aimed to investigate potential effects of Tr14 on the exercise-induced immune response. In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, healthy, untrained male subjects received either Tr14 (n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) for ...
Zimmer P P Department for molecular and cellular sports medicine, German Sport University Cologne, - - 2014
Physical activity is associated with decreased cancer (recurrence) risk and a reduction of treatment specific side effects. Exercise modulates cytokine-expression and shows beneficial effects on cancer patients` immune system. We investigated (i) if Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma patients have elevated serum macrophage migration inhibiting factor (MIF) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels after immunochemotherapy, (ii) ...
Clarke Siobhan F SF Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Microbiology Department, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
The commensal microbiota, host immunity and metabolism participate in a signalling network, with diet influencing each component of this triad. In addition to diet, many elements of a modern lifestyle influence the gut microbiota but the degree to which exercise affects this population is unclear. Therefore, we explored exercise and ...
Popov Daniil V DV Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, 76A Khoroshevskoe Shosse, Moscow, 123007, Russia, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of acute aerobic exercise on the expression of PGC-1α transcript variants in human skeletal muscle. Seven endurance-trained athletes performed a 90-min cycling test (62 % of [Formula: see text]o2max). At resting state, the levels of N-truncated (NT)-PGC-1α and PGC-1α exon ...
Lera Orsatti F F Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx) Health Science Institute Triângulo Mineiro Federal University (UFTM) Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil - - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the importance of resistance training frequency on body composition and metabolics and inflammatory markers in sedentary overweight postmenopausal women (PW). Thirty subjects finished the resistance training-protocol (60% to 80% of 1-RM) and had all the evaluations (anthropometry, strength, food intake and biochemistry) done. Groups ...
Goldstein Roger R Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Respiratory Medicine, West Park Healthcare Centre, 82 Buttonwood Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, M6M 2J5, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is associated with improvements in exercise capacity, health related quality of life, psychological symptoms and response to utilization. Acute exacerbations threaten these improvements. An awareness of the clinical sequelae of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease enables approaches, such as early post exacerbation rehabilitation to mitigate ...
Tan Lipbun L Molecular CV Medicine, Leeds - - 2014
Timing of aortic valve replacement in patients with severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis (VD) is controversial. Exercise testing may uncover symptoms and early cardiac dysfunction. However there is little information on the value of cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing combined with haemodynamic assessment during exercise in this patient group. We report preliminary ...
Czarkowska-Paczek B B Department of Biophysics and Human Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2014
Irisin induces the browning of adipose tissue. The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of acute exercise in untrained and trained rats and endurance training on FNDC5 mRNA and irisin levels in white and red skeletal muscle and serum. Rats (n=60) were randomly divided into two groups: ...
Prange Gerdienke B GB Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, Netherlands University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands - - 2014
Background. Use of rehabilitation technology, such as (electro)mechanical devices or robotics, could partly relieve the increasing strain on stroke rehabilitation caused by an increasing prevalence of stroke. Arm support (AS) training showed improvement of unsupported arm function in chronic stroke. Objective. To examine the effect of weight-supported arm training combined ...
Camera Donny M DM 1 Exercise and Nutrition Research Group, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia; 2 Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; 3 Nestle´ Research Center, Nestec Ltd, Lausanne, Switzerland; 4 Canadian Sport Centre - Pacific, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; 5Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom; 6School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
We determined the effect of protein supplementation on anabolic signaling and rates of myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis after a single bout of concurrent training. Using a randomized cross-over design, 8 healthy males were assigned to experimental trials consisting of resistance exercise (8 × 5 leg extension, 80% 1-RM) followed ...
McClellan Jamie L JL Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29209, - - 2014
Many observational epidemiologic studies suggest an association between exercise and colon cancer risk. The mechanisms contributing to a preventative effect of exercise on colon cancer are complex and multifaceted. Altered immune system function is one possible mechanism that has been largely unexplored. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ...
Riva Nilo N Department of Neurology and Institute of Experimental Neurology (INSPE), San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
Although exercise therapy is considered part of the treatment of neuropathic patients and somatosensory input is essential for motor learning, performance and neural plasticity, rehabilitation of patients with sensory ataxia has received little attention so far. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to explore the short and medium-term ...
Prestes J J Graduation Program on Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the acute effects of resistance exercise (RE) designed for hypertrophy or local muscle endurance (LME) on CD4+ and CD8+ T cell apoptosis and migration. 14 untrained subjects (age 20.5±0.8 years, body mass 70.0±12.8 kg, body mass index 24.0±3.2 kg/m2), women (N=11) and men (N=3) ...
Aguiló Antoni A a Research Group on Evidence, Lifestyles & Health, Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, Research Institute on Health Sciences (IUNICS) , University of the Balearic Islands , Palma de Mallorca , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine whether the highest vitamin C supplementation associated with complete bioavailability influences the plasma and blood mononuclear cell IL-6 and IL-10 response to exercise. A double-blinded study of supplementation with vitamin C was performed. After 15 days of supplementation with vitamin C (500 mg · day(-1), ...
Galliera Emanuela E Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Oral Science, University of Milan , Milan , - - 2014
Background. Intense training can lead to a pathophysiological change in serum concentration of a variety of biomarkers. Traditional biomarkers of cardiac injury are very useful in monitoring CVD patients, but in healthy subjects or athletes they cannot be informative enough about the cardiovascular risk, because in these cases their serum ...
Stenholm Johanna K JK 1Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland 2Haaga - Helia University of Applied Sciences, Vierumäki, Finland 3Finnish Athletics Federation, Helsinki, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ingestion of fluids with different carbohydrate concentrations (0 %, 1.5 % and 7 %) on the acute immune stress responses after high-intensity long-distance running. Continuous 18-20 kilometers run was performed at 75% of maximal oxygen uptake with carbohydrate supplementation ...
Ickmans Kelly K Pain in Motion Research Group, Departments of Human Physiology and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium; Department of Physical Medicine and Physiotherapy, University Hospital Brussels, - - 2014
Delayed recovery of muscle function following exercise has been demonstrated in the lower limbs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, studies examining this in the upper limbs are currently lacking. This study compared physical activity level (PAL) and recovery of upper limb muscle function following exercise between MS patients ...
Dick Natalie A NA Department of Family Medicine, Riverside Methodist Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, Dublin, - - 2014
Acute febrile illnesses are common in athletes over the course of training and competition seasons. Complete recovery and rapid yet safe return to participation are critical for competitive athletes. Alterations in thermoregulation, metabolism, fluid homeostasis, muscle strength, and endurance, as well as potential complications for the athlete and others, must ...
Samaan M Constantine MC Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Ontario, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation that involves infiltration of macrophages into metabolic organs such as skeletal muscle. Exercise enhances skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity independently of weight loss; but its role in regulating muscle inflammation is not fully understood. We hypothesized that exercise training would inhibit skeletal muscle inflammation ...
Coyan Garrett N GN University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS. - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been used for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) for approximately 50 years, and has been performed on millions of people globally. However, little is known about the impact of diet and exercise on long-term outcomes of patients who have undergone CABG ...
Al-Obaidi Saud S Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 31470 Sulaibekhat, Kuwait 90805. - - 2014
This study explores the immune responses following 4 weeks of McKenzie lumbar spine exercise in individuals with acute low back pain (ALBP). Fifteen patients with ALBP and 15 healthy individuals volunteered in this study. Ten ml of peripheral blood were obtained from each patient before and after exercise sessions, and ...
Lee Jin Soo JS Department of Physical Therapy, Suncheon Medifarm Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
Weakening of trunk muscles in stroke patients hinders functional ability, safety and balance. To confirm whether strengthening trunk muscles could facilitate rehabilitation of stroke patients, we investigated the effectiveness of sling exercise therapy (SET) using closed kinetic chain exercises to activate trunk muscles and improve balance in stroke patients. [Subjects ...
Williams Paul T PT Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the relationships of running and walking to mortality in diabetic subjects. We studied the mortality surveillance between January 1, 1989 and December 31, 2008, of 2160 participants of the National Walkers' and Runners' Health Studies who reported using diabetic medications at baseline. Hazard ratios (HR) ...
McEwen Daniel D From the Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (D.M., A.T.-H., M.B., H.F.); School of Rehabilitation Sciences (D.M., M.B., H.S.), School of Human Kinetics (M.B., H.S., H.F.), and Faculty of Medicine (H.F.), University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Elisabeth Bruyère Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Exercise using virtual reality (VR) has improved balance in adults with traumatic brain injury and community-dwelling older adults. Rigorous randomized studies regarding its efficacy, safety, and applicability with individuals after stroke are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an adjunct VR therapy improves balance, mobility, and ...
Nieman David C DC Appalachian State - - 2014
Bioactive oxidized linoleic acid metabolites (OXLAMs) include 13- and 9-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE + 9-HODE), and have been linked to oxidative stress, inflammation, and pathological and physiological states. The purpose of this study was to measure changes in plasma 13-HODE + 9-HODE following a 75-km cycling bout and identify potential linkages ...
Wang Henry E HE Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alabama School of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors sought to determine the association between physical inactivity (characterized by exercise and television watching levels) and long-term rates of community-acquired sepsis. Population-based cohort study of 30,183 adult (≥45years) community-dwelling participants. Subjects reported weekly exercise (low=none, medium=1-3 times/week, high=≥4 times/week) and daily television watching (low=<1hour/day, medium=1-3 hours/day, high=≥4hours/day) levels. ...
Nery Rosane Maria RM Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Background: Several studies have shown that Tai Chi Chuan can improve cardiac function in patients with heart disease. Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess the effects of Tai Chi Chuan on cardiac rehabilitation for patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: We performed a search for ...
Francisco C O CO Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiorespiratory fitness and pulmonary function and the relationship with metabolic variables and C-reactive protein (CRP) plasma levels in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM). Nineteen men with diabetes and 19 age- and gender-matched control subjects were studied. All individuals were given incremental cardiopulmonary ...
Greulich Timm - - 2014
Patients with stable COPD show improvements in exercise capacity and muscular function after the application of whole body vibration. We aimed to evaluate whether this modality added to conventional physiotherapy in exacerbated hospitalised COPD patients would be safe and would improve exercise capacity and quality of life. 49 hospitalised exacerbated ...
Turner D D Applied Sports, Technology, Exercise and Medicine Research Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea; Diabetes Research Group, College of Medicine, Swansea University, Singleton Park, - - 2014
To determine the influence of different volumes of resistance exercise on circulating interleukin-6 (IL-6) and to explore the relationships between IL-6 and glycaemia. Eight participants with complication-free Type 1 diabetes, whose mean ± sem age was 38 (6) years, mean ± sem HbA1c concentration was 71 ±11 mmol/mol (8.7 ±1.0%) ...
Viana João L JL School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, United - - 2014
CKD is associated with a complex state of immune dysfunction characterized by immune depression, predisposing patients to infections, and immune activation, resulting in inflammation that associates with higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Physical exercise may enhance immune function and exert anti-inflammatory effects, but such effects are unclear in CKD. We ...
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