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Kraemer William J WJ a Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology , University of Connecticut , Storrs , - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multinutritional supplement including amino acids, β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB), and carbohydrates on cytokine responses to resistance exercise and training. Methods: Seventeen healthy, college-aged men were randomly assigned to a Muscle Armor™ (MA; Abbott Nutrition, Columbus, OH) or placebo supplement ...
Forti Louis Nuvagah LN Gerontology Department and Frailty in Aging Research (FRIA) Group, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B-1090, Brussels, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammatory profile (CLIP). Physical exercise could circumvent the deleterious effects of CLIP by influencing circulating inflammatory mediators and neurotrophic growth factors. This study aimed at assessing whether 12 weeks of progressive strength training (PST) influences circulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 ...
Mathiesen S S 1] Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark [2] Paediatric Pulmonary Service, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), a measure of aerobic exercise capacity, predicts mortality and morbidity in healthy and diseased individuals. Our aim was to determine VO2peak years after paediatric allogeneic haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) and to identify associations with baseline patient and donor characteristics, transplantation factors, pulmonary function and self-reported sports activity. ...
Wang Yan Y Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institute of Health, Durham, - - 2014
Pregnant women who are physically active have a lower risk of preeclampsia and gestational diabetes than women who were less active. One possible mechanism is a reduction in low-grade inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein (CRP). The association between exercise and CRP in pregnant women, however, has not been adequately investigated. ...
Fastenau Annemieke - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is recognized as a systemic illness with significant extra-pulmonary features, such as exercise intolerance and muscle weakness. Pulmonary rehabilitation has been shown to be very effective in counteracting these consequences in patients with more advanced COPD. However, limited data is available on the efficacy of ...
White Gillian E GE Graduate Department of Exercise Sciences, University of Toronto, BN 60, 55 Harbord St., Toronto, ON, M5S 2W6, Canada, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different cold-water immersion (CWI) protocols on the inflammatory response to and functional recovery from high-intensity exercise. Eight healthy recreationally active males completed five trials of a high-intensity intermittent sprint protocol followed by a randomly assigned recovery condition: 1 of ...
Gillis Chelsia - - 2014
The preoperative period (prehabilitation) may represent a more appropriate time than the postoperative period to implement an intervention. The impact of prehabilitation on recovery of functional exercise capacity was thus studied in patients undergoing colorectal resection for cancer. A parallel-arm single-blind superiority randomized controlled trial was conducted. Seventy-seven patients were ...
Neefkes-Zonneveld Céline R M D CR Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Center | Reade, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of long term physical activity (PA) and acute exercise on markers of systemic inflammation in persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). We searched Pubmed (MEDline), Embase, CENTRAL, Cinahl and PEDro, involving variations of the MeSH headings: SCI, PA, exercise and inflammation,. No time or language ...
Mendham Amy E AE School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Panorama Avenue, Bathurst, NSW, 2795, Australia, - - 2014
Long-term physical activity is reported to improve chronic systemic inflammation, which provides protection against the ensuing development of chronic disease. Accordingly, the present study assessed changes in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, aerobic capacity and body composition following 8 weeks of either small-sided games (SSG) or cycling (CYC) training compared to a ...
Perandini Luiz Augusto LA University of Sao - - 2014
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. This study sought to assess the effects of an exercise training program on cytokines and soluble TNF receptors in response to acute exercise in SLE women. Eight SLE women and ten sex-, age- and BMI-comparable healthy controls (HC) ...
DiLorenzo Frank M FM Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA - - 2014
The effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on inflammatory and muscle damage response to acute eccentric exercise and to the subsequent initiation of a resistance- training program was studied in 41 untrained men. Subjects consumed either 2 g/d of either DHA or placebo (PL) for 28 d prior to a 17 ...
Nikseresht Mahmoud M 1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran. 2Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. 3Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. 4Department of Sport and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of nonlinear resistance training (NRT) and aerobic interval training (AIT), and detraining on selected inflammatory markers in men who are middle-aged and obese. Subjects first were matched by aerobic capacity, age and percentage body fat and then randomly assigned to ...
Søholm Helle H Department of Cardiology 2142, The Heart Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet. Electronic address: - - 2014
Performing exercise is shown to prevent cardiovascular disease, but the risk of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is temporarily increased during strenuous activity. We examined the etiology and outcome after successfully resuscitated OHCA during exercise in a general non-athletic population. Consecutive patients with OHCA were admitted with return of spontaneous ...
Ferguson Richard A RA School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK, - - 2014
A novel technique of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) via the peroneal nerve has been shown to augment limb blood flow which could enhance recovery following exercise. The present study examined the effects of NMES, compared to graduated compression socks on muscle soreness, strength, and markers of muscle damage and inflammation ...
Ogborn Daniel I DI McMaster - - 2014
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress results from an imbalance between the abundance of synthesized proteins and the folding capacity of the ER. In response, the unfolded protein response (UPR), attempts to restore ER function by attenuating protein synthesis and inducing chaperone expression. Resistance exercise (RE) stimulates protein synthesis; however, a post-exercise ...
Stewart Ralph A H RA Green Lane Cardiovascular Service, Auckland City Hospital, and University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic significance of exercise capacity in patients with ischemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction eligible for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Poor exercise capacity is associated with mortality, but it is not known how this influences the benefits and risks of CABG compared ...
Alemo Munters Li L Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, D2:01, 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
With recommended treatment, a majority with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) develop muscle impairment and poor health. Beneficial effects of exercise have been reported on muscle performance, aerobic capacity and health in chronic polymyositis and dermatomyositis and to some extent in active disease and inclusion body myositis (IBM). Importantly, randomized controlled ...
Scalco Renata Siciliani RS MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases and Division of Neuropathology, University College London Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, United - - 2014
McArdle disease is the most common of the glycogen storage diseases. Onset of symptoms is usually in childhood with muscle pain and restricted exercise capacity. Signs and symptoms are often ignored in children or put down to 'growing pains' and thus diagnosis is often delayed. Misdiagnosis is not uncommon because ...
Meamarbashi Abbas A Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, I. R. - - 2014
Very recent studies have reported positive effects of dietary nitrate on the oxygen consumption during exercise. This research aimed to study the effect of moderate dose of high-nitrate vegetables, watercress (Nasturtium officinale) and red radish (Raphanus sativus) compared with a control group on the incremental treadmill exercise test following a ...
Björnsson Hallgren Hanna C HC Department of Orthopeadics and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
A programme based on eccentric exercises for treating subacromial pain was in a previous study found effective at 3-month follow-up. The purposes of the present study were to investigate whether the results were maintained after 1 year and whether the baseline Constant-Murley score, rotator cuff status and radiological findings influenced the ...
Klaren Rachel E RE Department of Kinesiology & Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, - - 2014
Exercise training has improved many outcomes in "clinical" research involving persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), but there is limited understanding of the underlying "basic" pathophysiological mechanisms. The animal model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), seems ideal for examining the effects of exercise training on MS-disease pathophysiology. EAE is an ...
Svendsen Susanne W - - 2014
Surgery for subacromial impingement syndrome is often performed in working age and postoperative physiotherapy exercises are widely used to help restore function. A recent Danish study showed that 10% of a nationwide cohort of patients retired prematurely within two years after surgery. Few studies have compared effects of different postoperative ...
Wright-Beatty Heather E HE Flight Research Laboratory, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, K1A 0R6, - - 2014
The effectiveness of increased air velocity in reducing hydration shifts and physiological strain during work in the heat was examined in young and older males. Ten young (mean ± SE, 24 ± 1 years) and 10 older (59 ± 1 years) males, matched for height, mass, and body surface area, cycled 4 × 15-min at moderate-to-heavy heat production (400 W), with 15-min ...
Capó X X Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain; CIBER: CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), - - 2014
Exercise induces changes in circulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The aim was to investigate the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) diet supplementation on the plasma cytokine levels and on the peripheral mononuclear (PBMCs) cells cytokine production after a training season or an acute bout of exercise. Fifteen male soccer players ...
Theodosiou Maria M University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, - - 2014
Reactive pulmonary hypertension (PH) in left heart disease is associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of exercise ventilatory parameters on cardiopulmonary exercise testing for the diagnosis of reactive PH in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. This was a single-centre, retrospective ...
Westerdahl E E School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro and Department forPhysiotherapy, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden - - - 2014
Cardiac surgery patients often develop a restrictive pulmonary impairment and gas exchange abnormalities in the early postoperative period. Chest physiotherapy is routinely prescribed in order to reduce or prevent these complications. Besides early mobilization, positioning and shoulder girdle exercises, various breathing exercises have been implemented as a major component of ...
Streckmann Fiona F Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
Peripheral neuropathies (PNPs) encompass a large group of disorders of heterogeneous origin which can manifest themselves with sensory and/or motor deficits depending on the predominantly affected nerve fiber modality. It represents a highly prevalent disease group which can be associated with significant disability and poor recovery. Exercise has the potential ...
Pilat C C Department of Sports Medicine, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, - - 2014
Traumeel (Tr14) is a natural, combination drug, which has been shown to modulate inflammation at the cytokine level. This study aimed to investigate potential effects of Tr14 on the exercise-induced immune response. In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, healthy, untrained male subjects received either Tr14 (n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) for ...
Zimmer P P Department for molecular and cellular sports medicine, German Sport University Cologne, - - 2014
Physical activity is associated with decreased cancer (recurrence) risk and a reduction of treatment specific side effects. Exercise modulates cytokine-expression and shows beneficial effects on cancer patients` immune system. We investigated (i) if Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma patients have elevated serum macrophage migration inhibiting factor (MIF) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels after immunochemotherapy, (ii) ...
Clarke Siobhan F SF Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Microbiology Department, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
The commensal microbiota, host immunity and metabolism participate in a signalling network, with diet influencing each component of this triad. In addition to diet, many elements of a modern lifestyle influence the gut microbiota but the degree to which exercise affects this population is unclear. Therefore, we explored exercise and ...
Popov Daniil V DV Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, 76A Khoroshevskoe Shosse, Moscow, 123007, Russia, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of acute aerobic exercise on the expression of PGC-1α transcript variants in human skeletal muscle. Seven endurance-trained athletes performed a 90-min cycling test (62 % of [Formula: see text]o2max). At resting state, the levels of N-truncated (NT)-PGC-1α and PGC-1α exon ...
Lera Orsatti F F Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx) Health Science Institute Triângulo Mineiro Federal University (UFTM) Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil - - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the importance of resistance training frequency on body composition and metabolics and inflammatory markers in sedentary overweight postmenopausal women (PW). Thirty subjects finished the resistance training-protocol (60% to 80% of 1-RM) and had all the evaluations (anthropometry, strength, food intake and biochemistry) done. Groups ...
Goldstein Roger R Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Respiratory Medicine, West Park Healthcare Centre, 82 Buttonwood Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, M6M 2J5, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is associated with improvements in exercise capacity, health related quality of life, psychological symptoms and response to utilization. Acute exacerbations threaten these improvements. An awareness of the clinical sequelae of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease enables approaches, such as early post exacerbation rehabilitation to mitigate ...
Czarkowska-Paczek B B Department of Biophysics and Human Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2014
Irisin induces the browning of adipose tissue. The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of acute exercise in untrained and trained rats and endurance training on FNDC5 mRNA and irisin levels in white and red skeletal muscle and serum. Rats (n=60) were randomly divided into two groups: ...
Gordon Bradley S BS University of South Carolina, Department of Exercise Science, Columbia, South Carolina, - - 2014
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal genetic disease caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene resulting in chronic muscle damage, muscle wasting, and premature death. Utrophin is a dystrophin protein homologue that increases dystrophic muscle function and reduces pathology. Currently, no treatments that increase utrophin protein expression exist. However, ...
Vijayaraghava Ambarish A Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Practice of regular exercise is beneficial for health. Physical exercises have been demonstrated to alter levels of the cytokine interferon Gamma in plasma. IFN-γ is known to be an anti-inflammatory cytokine. We assessed the effect of single bout of moderate exercise and a single bout of strenuous exercise and one ...
Prange Gerdienke B GB Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, Netherlands University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands - - 2014
Background. Use of rehabilitation technology, such as (electro)mechanical devices or robotics, could partly relieve the increasing strain on stroke rehabilitation caused by an increasing prevalence of stroke. Arm support (AS) training showed improvement of unsupported arm function in chronic stroke. Objective. To examine the effect of weight-supported arm training combined ...
Camera Donny M DM 1 Exercise and Nutrition Research Group, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia; 2 Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; 3 Nestle´ Research Center, Nestec Ltd, Lausanne, Switzerland; 4 Canadian Sport Centre - Pacific, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; 5Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom; 6School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
We determined the effect of protein supplementation on anabolic signaling and rates of myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis after a single bout of concurrent training. Using a randomized cross-over design, 8 healthy males were assigned to experimental trials consisting of resistance exercise (8 × 5 leg extension, 80% 1-RM) followed ...
McClellan Jamie L JL Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29209, - - 2014
Many observational epidemiologic studies suggest an association between exercise and colon cancer risk. The mechanisms contributing to a preventative effect of exercise on colon cancer are complex and multifaceted. Altered immune system function is one possible mechanism that has been largely unexplored. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ...
Riva Nilo N Department of Neurology and Institute of Experimental Neurology (INSPE), San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
Although exercise therapy is considered part of the treatment of neuropathic patients and somatosensory input is essential for motor learning, performance and neural plasticity, rehabilitation of patients with sensory ataxia has received little attention so far. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to explore the short and medium-term ...
Prestes J J Graduation Program on Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the acute effects of resistance exercise (RE) designed for hypertrophy or local muscle endurance (LME) on CD4+ and CD8+ T cell apoptosis and migration. 14 untrained subjects (age 20.5±0.8 years, body mass 70.0±12.8 kg, body mass index 24.0±3.2 kg/m2), women (N=11) and men (N=3) ...
Aguiló Antoni A a Research Group on Evidence, Lifestyles & Health, Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, Research Institute on Health Sciences (IUNICS) , University of the Balearic Islands , Palma de Mallorca , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine whether the highest vitamin C supplementation associated with complete bioavailability influences the plasma and blood mononuclear cell IL-6 and IL-10 response to exercise. A double-blinded study of supplementation with vitamin C was performed. After 15 days of supplementation with vitamin C (500 mg · day(-1), ...
Galliera Emanuela E Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Oral Science, University of Milan , Milan , - - 2014
Background. Intense training can lead to a pathophysiological change in serum concentration of a variety of biomarkers. Traditional biomarkers of cardiac injury are very useful in monitoring CVD patients, but in healthy subjects or athletes they cannot be informative enough about the cardiovascular risk, because in these cases their serum ...
Stenholm Johanna K JK 1Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland 2Haaga - Helia University of Applied Sciences, Vierumäki, Finland 3Finnish Athletics Federation, Helsinki, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ingestion of fluids with different carbohydrate concentrations (0 %, 1.5 % and 7 %) on the acute immune stress responses after high-intensity long-distance running. Continuous 18-20 kilometers run was performed at 75% of maximal oxygen uptake with carbohydrate supplementation ...
Ickmans Kelly K Pain in Motion Research Group, Departments of Human Physiology and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium; Department of Physical Medicine and Physiotherapy, University Hospital Brussels, - - 2014
Delayed recovery of muscle function following exercise has been demonstrated in the lower limbs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, studies examining this in the upper limbs are currently lacking. This study compared physical activity level (PAL) and recovery of upper limb muscle function following exercise between MS patients ...
Dick Natalie A NA Department of Family Medicine, Riverside Methodist Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, Dublin, - - 2014
Acute febrile illnesses are common in athletes over the course of training and competition seasons. Complete recovery and rapid yet safe return to participation are critical for competitive athletes. Alterations in thermoregulation, metabolism, fluid homeostasis, muscle strength, and endurance, as well as potential complications for the athlete and others, must ...
Coyan Garrett N GN University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS. - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been used for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) for approximately 50 years, and has been performed on millions of people globally. However, little is known about the impact of diet and exercise on long-term outcomes of patients who have undergone CABG ...
Al-Obaidi Saud S Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 31470 Sulaibekhat, Kuwait 90805. - - 2014
This study explores the immune responses following 4 weeks of McKenzie lumbar spine exercise in individuals with acute low back pain (ALBP). Fifteen patients with ALBP and 15 healthy individuals volunteered in this study. Ten ml of peripheral blood were obtained from each patient before and after exercise sessions, and ...
Lee Jin Soo JS Department of Physical Therapy, Suncheon Medifarm Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
Weakening of trunk muscles in stroke patients hinders functional ability, safety and balance. To confirm whether strengthening trunk muscles could facilitate rehabilitation of stroke patients, we investigated the effectiveness of sling exercise therapy (SET) using closed kinetic chain exercises to activate trunk muscles and improve balance in stroke patients. [Subjects ...
Williams Paul T PT Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the relationships of running and walking to mortality in diabetic subjects. We studied the mortality surveillance between January 1, 1989 and December 31, 2008, of 2160 participants of the National Walkers' and Runners' Health Studies who reported using diabetic medications at baseline. Hazard ratios (HR) ...
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