Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1503
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Pereira Guilherme B - - 2013
Chronic inflammation has been identified as an important component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Inhibition of the inflammatory mediator signals is a promising strategy against insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and other problems associated with MetS. Regular exercise decreases the components associated with MetS, including inflammatory cytokines. However, the relationship between an acute ...
Majtan Juraj - - 2013
Prolonged and high-intensity exercise affects immune function and leads to an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in endurance athletes. The increased incidence of URTI symptoms may negatively affect athletic performance. Various nutritional supplements have been tested in the last decade for their ability to prevent developing of ...
Chen Kuan-Chou - - 2012
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is usually associated with cardiac apoptosis and/or cardiac hypertrophy. We hypothesized that exercise can reduce the CKD-induced cardiac damage.Methods and results: The doxorubicin-induced CKD (DRCKD) model was used in rats to compare two exercise models: 60-min running and 60-min swimming. Results indicated that in healthy ...
Sim Marc - - 2012
The effect of exercise modality and intensity on interleukin-6 (IL-6), iron status and hepcidin levels was investigated. Ten trained male triathletes performed four exercise trials, including; (a) low intensity continuous running (L-R); (b) low intensity continuous cycling (L-C); (c) high intensity interval running (H-R); and (d) high intensity interval cycling ...
Wang Ru - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Tai Chi combines aspects of meditation and aerobic exercise. Its effect on the balance between cellular and humoral immunity, which potentiates human immunity against tumors, remains to be determined. OBJECTIVE:: The objective was to investigate the effect of a 16-week Tai Chi exercise intervention on the recovery of postsurgical ...
Aaslund Mona Kristin - - 2012
Rehabilitating walking in ambulatory patients post-stroke, with training that is safe, task-specific, intensive, and of sufficient duration, can be challenging. Some challenges can be met by using body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT). However, it is not known to what degree walking characteristics are similar during BWSTT and overground walking. In addition, ...
Navalta J W - - 2012
This investigation assessed the lymphocyte subset response to increasing intensity. Participants completed an exertion test (VO2max), and later performed a 10-min run at 76% VO2max, 5-min at 87%, and run to exhaustion at 100% intensity. Blood was sampled at rest, following each intensity, and 1-h post. Cell concentration, apoptosis (annexin ...
Ostapiuk-Karolczuk J - - 2012
The goal of the study was to clarify the sequence of cytokines and inflammatory cells in non-athletes performed an intense running exercise. Sixteen young healthy men participated in the exercise trial that involved 90-min run at 65% VO2max. The plasma concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 increased immediately ...
Tungtrongjit Yodpiti - - 2012
To compare the level of pain scores, range of motion, quadriceps strength and quality of life after TKA patients between preoperative quadriceps exercise group and usual care group. A randomized controlled trial study. From January 2011-January 2012, 60 patients undergoing primary TKA were included. The patients were randomized into two ...
Haas Tara L - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common vascular disease that reduces blood flow capacity to the legs of patients. PAD leads to exercise intolerance that can progress in severity to greatly limit mobility, and in advanced cases leads to frank ischemia with pain at rest. It is estimated that 12 ...
Gopinathan G - - 2012
Timira is a disease that can be attributed to wide range of clinical conditions starting from mild blurring of vision and having potential risk of permanent vision loss. According to the involvement of Dhatus (body elements) the condition can be grouped into two stages. The initial stage or Uttana, where ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2012
Background: Despite the association between HIV and coronary artery disease (CAD), there are no specific recommendations for the cardiovascular evaluation of the HIV-infected population. Besides being a tool for the evaluation of CAD, the exercise treadmill test (ETT) provides insights into functional capacity and autonomic function, which have been frequently ...
Grisbrook T L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The catabolic response associated with major burn injuries results in loss of lean body mass (LBM) and prolonged muscle weakness. Exercise training improves LBM and muscle strength in burn-injured children in the acute post injury phase, yet it is unknown whether adults will experience the same benefits when exercise ...
Lavoy Emily C - - 2012
Exercise alters the percentage of CD8(+)T-cells in the bloodstream expressing type 1 and type II cytokines. It is unknown if this reflects a change in cytokine expression within individual cells, or whether these observations result from the exercise-induced shift in the proportions of early/intermediate (CD27(+)) and late (CD27(-)) differentiated cells, ...
Reihmane Dace - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise intensity is of importance in the regulation of increase in pro-inflammatory molecules, but there is still a debate about the effect of duration on these molecules. Therefore, the effect of exercise duration on the serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), soluble ...
Finberg Matthew - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assessed the efficacy of a one-off electro-stimulation treatment as a recovery modality from acute team sport exercise; directly comparing the benefits to contrast water therapy. METHODS: Ten moderately trained male athletes completed a simulated team-game circuit (STGC). At the conclusion of exercise, participants then completed a 30 min ...
Cappelli K - - 2012
Athletic performance is both a stress factor and an adaptive response to exercise that may be modulated by training, reduce inflammation and help prevent disease. Studies on the endocrinology of exercise and training have demonstrated the existence of an integrated metabolic network of hormone and cytokine regulation. Subsequent molecular studies ...
Many G M - - 2012
Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation plays a role in the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Habitual endurance exercise training reduces the risk of CV disease in part through anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of age, endurance training status, and their interaction on pro-inflammatory plasma ...
Chamorro Carolina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an intensive therapy used to improve survivorship and cure various oncologic diseases. However, this therapy is associated with high mortality rates and numerous negative side-effects. The recovery of the immune system is a special concern and plays a key role in the success ...
Ostermann Stefanie S Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, - - 2013
Maintaining and improving fitness are associated with a lower risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease. Patients with schizophrenia are known to exercise less and have poorer health behaviors than average. Physical fitness and physiological regulation during exercise tasks have not been investigated to date among patients with schizophrenia. We ...
Liakos Charalampos I - - 2012
Arterial hypertension is an established risk factor for acute coronary syndromes, and physical exertion may trigger the onset of such an event. The mechanisms involved include the rupture of a small, inflamed, coronary plaque and the activation of thrombogenic factors. Blood pressure (BP)-lowering treatment has been associated with beneficial effects ...
Nowak W N - - 2012
Exercise training remains a therapy of choice in intermittent claudication (IC). However, too exhaustive exercise may cause ischaemic injury and inflammatory response. We tested the impact of three-month treadmill training and single treadmill exercise on antioxidant gene expressions, cytokine concentrations and number of marrow-derived proangiogenic progenitor cells (PPC) in the ...
Corbo Giuseppe Maria - - 2012
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system have been described in subjects with severe disease. We studied heart rate variability (HRV) in COPD patients at rest and during the 6-minute Walk Test (6mWT) and the association with ...
Tongtako Wannaporn - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergens. There is evidence that exercise can significantly improve personal health and has positive effects on immune function. However, the effects of acute exercise on the inflammatory response and clinical symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis are still ...
Coleman Elizabeth Ann - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To compare usual care with a home-based individualized exercise program (HBIEP) in patients receiving intensive treatment for multiple myeloma (MM)and epoetin alfa therapy.Design: Randomized trial with repeated measures of two groups (one experimental and one control) and an approximate 15-week experimental period.Setting: Outpatient setting of the Myeloma Institute for ...
Gunzer Wolfgang - - 2012
Heavily exercising endurance athletes experience extreme physiologic stress, which is associated with temporary immunodepression and higher risk of infection, particularly upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). The aim of this review is to provide a critical up-to-date review of existing evidence on the immunomodulatory potential of selected macronutrients and to evaluate ...
Grams Samantha T ST Health Science and Sports Centre, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2012
There is currently no consensus on the indication and benefits of breathing exercises for the prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications PPCs and for the recovery of pulmonary mechanics. To undertake a systematic review of randomized and quasi-randomized studies that assessed the effects of breathing exercises on the recovery of pulmonary ...
Bansi J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The influences of exercising on cytokine response, fatigue and cardiorespiratory values are important aspects of rehabilitation in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Exercise performed within these programs is often practised in water but the effects of immersion on PwMS have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this ...
Rethorst C D - - 2012
Exercise is an efficacious treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) and has independently been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in non-depressed subjects. Patients with MDD have elevated inflammatory cytokines but it is not known if exercise affects inflammation in MDD patients and whether these changes are clinically relevant. In the ...
Deldicque Louise - - 2012
Certain conditions, such as several weeks of high-fat diet, disrupt endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis and activate an adaptive pathway referred as the unfolded protein response. When the unfolded protein response fails, the result is the development of inflammation and insulin resistance. These two pathological states are known to be improved ...
Bennett Christine B - - 2012
The metabolic and performance benefits of prior consumption of low-glycaemic index (GI) meals v. high-GI meals were determined in extended high-intensity intermittent exercise. Participants (ten males and four females, aged 25·8 (sd 7·3) years) completed two testing days (each consisting of back-to-back 90-min intermittent high-intensity treadmill running protocols separated by ...
Thomaes Tom - - 2012
Low exercise capacity and skeletal muscle strength are important predictors of all-cause mortality in healthy as well as diseased individuals. Compared to sedentary subjects, CAD patients have a decreased oxygen uptake (peakVO2) and show accompanying increased muscle fatiguability. Despite the known importance of oxygen extraction by peripheral muscles on improving ...
Ellis Rebecca - - 2012
This study tested moderators of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) based on geographical region, gender, race, and income among adolescents in an exercise context using multigroup path analyses. Participants were eighth- and ninth-grade students from Louisiana (LA; N = 448, M(age) = 14.37 years) and Pennsylvania (PA; N = ...
Sisman H - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate an educational and exercise program for the prevention and progression of post-mastectomy lymphedema of the arm and shoulder. Methods: Fifty-five patients who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection between June 2009 and January 2010 were included in this study. The patients were informed by a ...
Yasuda T - - 2012
We examined the effects of blood flow-restricted, low-intensity resistance exercise (termed kaatsu) using an elastic band for resistance on muscle activation. Nine men performed triceps extension and biceps flexion exercises (four sets respectively) using an elastic band for resistance with blood flow restriction (BFR) or CON (unrestricted blood flow). During ...
Camera Donny M - - 2012
We determined the effect of muscle glycogen concentration and postexercise nutrition on anabolic signaling and rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis after resistance exercise (REX). Sixteen young, healthy men matched for age, body mass, peak oxygen uptake (Vo(2peak)) and strength (one repetition maximum; 1RM) were randomly assigned to either a nutrient ...
Pendergast David R - - 2012
The reduced cardiac output (CO) secondary to increased acceleration forces (+Gz) has applicability to daily life and pathophysiology. Increased +Gz and reduced CO affect the lung, resulting in reduced oxygen transport. A variety of studies have examined tolerance to high +Gz. The present study examines the effect of +1 to ...
Cavagnolli Daniel A DA a Departamento de Psicobiologia , Universidade Federal de São Paulo , São Paulo , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of a 2-month aerobic exercise training programme on C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in non-obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Twenty non-obese and sedentary adult male volunteers underwent polysomnography (PSG) to assess their sleep parameters. After the PSG analysis, the ...
Maruyama Shiko - - 2012
Despite the widely documented benefits of exercise, very little is known about how individuals make the decision on exercise. In particular, the decision on the intensity of exercise has attracted only one US study to date, which tests the hypothesis that individuals shift toward less time-intensive but more physically intensive ...
Frost David M - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this study was to quantify joint compression and shear forces at L4/L5 during exercises used to overload the hips. Nine men performed 36 "walking" trials using two modalities: (1) sled towing and (2) exercise bands placed around the ankles. Participants completed forward, backward, and lateral trials ...
Serra Monica C - - 2012
Background: Aging is associated with increased local inflammation and resultant proteolysis in skeletal muscle. In animal models, soy supplementation is a beneficial countermeasure against muscle inflammation and proteolysis; however, the effect on aging humans is not clear. Methods: A single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 31 post-menopausal women. Volunteers ...
Strober Bruce E BE Department of Dermatology, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06032 - - 2012
Traditional clinical trials in psoriasis exclude a significant proportion of patients with complex disease and comorbidities. A consensus panel of 14 experts in the field of psoriasis was formed to conduct a Delphi method exercise to identify difficult-to-treat psoriasis clinical scenarios and to rank treatment approaches. The exercise consisted of ...
Tam Enrico - - 2012
On ten top-level Kenyan marathon runners (KA) plus nine European controls (EC, equivalent to KA), we measured maximal oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]) and the energy cost of running (C (r)) on track during training camps at moderate altitude, to better understand the KA dominance in the marathon. At each ...
Komelski Matthew F - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine and compare health status across ages using a volunteer sample of U.S. Taijiquan and Qigong (TQG) practitioners (N=120; age range=24-83, M=54.77) and a nationally representative sample (N=414,629; age range=18-99, M=54.86) collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). ...
Sluka Kathleen A KA Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science Graduate Program, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1190, USA. - - 2012
Pain in response to physical activity is common in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and is likely a barrier to regular exercise, which would lead to a sedentary lifestyle. We recently developed a model of exercise-induced pain that is associated with increased activation of neurons in the medullary raphe nuclei, ...
Galdas Paul M - - 2012
The aim of this research was to describe Punjabi Sikh patients' perceived barriers to engaging in physical exercise following myocardial infarction (MI). A qualitative, interpretive descriptive methodology was used. The sample included 15 Punjabi Sikh patients who were attending a cardiac rehabilitation education program in an urban center of British ...
Hallstrand Teal S TS Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. - - 2012
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) refers to acute airflow obstruction that is triggered by a period of physical exertion. Here we review recent findings about the epidemiology of EIB, immunopathology leading to EIB, and the latest understanding of the pathogenesis of EIB. Longitudinal studies demonstrated that airway hyper-responsiveness to exercise or cold ...
Kim Y-J - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate effects of a 100-km ultramarathon on cardiac markers of exercise-induced-hypertensive marathoners. 10 marathoners with exercise-induced hypertension and 10 normal marathoners participated in the study. Their blood samples were collected before starting, at 50 km, and after finishing the course (100 km). Creatinine kinase was more significantly increased ...
Bartlett Jonathan D - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that acute high-intensity interval (HIT) running induces greater activation of signaling pathways associated with mitochondrial biogenesis compared with moderate-intensity continuous (CONT) running matched for work done. In a repeated-measures design, 10 active men performed two running protocols consisting of ...
He Congcong C Center for Autophagy Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, Texas 75390, - - 2012
Exercise has beneficial effects on human health, including protection against metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying these effects are incompletely understood. The lysosomal degradation pathway, autophagy, is an intracellular recycling system that functions during basal conditions in organelle and protein quality control. During stress, increased levels ...
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