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Results 401 - 450 of 1519
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Ertek Sibel - - 2012
Since the 19(th) century, many studies have enlightened the role of inflammation in atherosclerosis, changing our perception of "vessel plaque due to oxidized lipoproteins", similar to a "rusted pipe", towards a disease with involvement of many cell types and cytokines with more complex mechanisms. Although "physical activity" and "physical exercise" ...
Loria-Kohen Viviana - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Inflammation markers (IM) have been associated with the development of chronic diseases. This study compares the effects on IM of three exercise programs combined with a hypocaloric diet. METHODS: 119 overweight participants (73 women, 46 men) aged 18-50 years were randomised into four treatment groups: strength training ...
Garrett M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: While there is an increasing body of evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), additional information on the effectiveness of combining aerobic and resistance training, and yoga is required. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effectiveness of community exercise interventions for people with MS having ...
Someya Fujiko - - 2012
Autoantibodies have been detected in systemic sclerosis patients, and typical clinical features regarding organ involvement by each autoantibody have been reported. To reveal differences in exercise intolerance in patients with either anti-topoisomerase-I or anti-centromere antibodies, 53 systemic sclerosis patients were investigated retrospectively. A 6-min walking distance showed no significant differences ...
Pedersen Line - - 2012
In the article by Pedersen and colleagues, J Physiol 589, 1409-20, 2011, there was an error in the Methods section entitled 'Real-time PCR' on page 1411. The second sentence should read: The following PCR primers were used: for CXCL-1, forward: 5-'GCTGGGATTCACCTCAAGAA-3' and reverse: 5'-TGGGGACACCTTTTAGCATC-3' for IL-6: forward: 5'-GCTACCAAACTGATATAATCAGGA-3' and reverse: ...
Bergkamp Donna - - 2012
The study first assessed comfort levels of physical and occupational therapists who provide burn care prior to a hands-on intervention, then assessed therapists' confidence levels following an educational intervention. Physical and occupational therapists who previously treated burn survivors were invited to complete a preworkshop confidence level survey. From this information, ...
Verdolini Abbott Katherine - - 2012
The objective was to assess the utility of selected "resonant voice" (RV) exercises for the reduction of acute vocal fold inflammation. The hypothesis was that relatively large-amplitude, low-impact vocal fold exercises associated with RV would reduce inflammation more than spontaneous speech (SS) and possibly more than voice rest. The study ...
Finnoff Jonathan T - - 2012
Sports injuries are common and can result in significant problems, such as pain, social isolation, depression, disability (temporary or permanent), loss of income, or loss of scholarship. Further, sports injuries can predispose the athlete to future injury or degenerative disorders, for example, osteoarthritis. Therefore, a preventive approach is paramount, and ...
Perez-Terzic Carmen M - - 2012
Analysis of extensive data has shown that exercise training provides significant impact on prevention and modification of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. In general, exercise recommendations for patients with cardiovascular diseases are based on individual aerobic capacity and comorbidities. Patients with acute syndromes benefit from participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program, ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2012
Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which is associated with high morbimortality and decreased patients' physical capacity. We evaluated the effects of an 11-week moderate-intensity exercise (treadmill) training program performed after allo-HSCT in a murine acute (aGVHD) and chronic GVHD model (cGVHD). Female ...
Al-Nassan Saad - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic moderate-intensity training in order to prevent muscle atrophy with a focus on TNF-α and atrogin-1/MAFbx as main proteolytic indicators. Hindlimb unloading model of mice received treadmill running exercise for 1 hr per day during hindlimb unloading period of ...
Marklund Peter - - 2013
The impact of a 24-h ultraendurance exercise bout on systemic and local muscle inflammatory reactions was investigated in nine experienced athletes. Blood and muscle biopsies were collected before (Pre), immediately after the exercise bout (Post), and after 28 h of recovery (Post28). Circulating blood levels of leukocytes, creatine kinase (CK), ...
White Jodii - - 2012
This investigation explored the influence of supplemental oxygen administered during the recovery periods of an interval-based running session on the post-exercise markers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation. Ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two sessions of 10 × 3 min running intervals at 85 % of the maximal oxygen consumption velocity (vVO(2peak)) ...
Pereira Guilherme B - - 2013
Chronic inflammation has been identified as an important component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Inhibition of the inflammatory mediator signals is a promising strategy against insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and other problems associated with MetS. Regular exercise decreases the components associated with MetS, including inflammatory cytokines. However, the relationship between an acute ...
Majtan Juraj - - 2013
Prolonged and high-intensity exercise affects immune function and leads to an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in endurance athletes. The increased incidence of URTI symptoms may negatively affect athletic performance. Various nutritional supplements have been tested in the last decade for their ability to prevent developing of ...
Chen Kuan-Chou - - 2012
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is usually associated with cardiac apoptosis and/or cardiac hypertrophy. We hypothesized that exercise can reduce the CKD-induced cardiac damage.Methods and results: The doxorubicin-induced CKD (DRCKD) model was used in rats to compare two exercise models: 60-min running and 60-min swimming. Results indicated that in healthy ...
Sim Marc - - 2012
The effect of exercise modality and intensity on interleukin-6 (IL-6), iron status and hepcidin levels was investigated. Ten trained male triathletes performed four exercise trials, including; (a) low intensity continuous running (L-R); (b) low intensity continuous cycling (L-C); (c) high intensity interval running (H-R); and (d) high intensity interval cycling ...
Wang Ru - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Tai Chi combines aspects of meditation and aerobic exercise. Its effect on the balance between cellular and humoral immunity, which potentiates human immunity against tumors, remains to be determined. OBJECTIVE:: The objective was to investigate the effect of a 16-week Tai Chi exercise intervention on the recovery of postsurgical ...
Aaslund Mona Kristin - - 2012
Rehabilitating walking in ambulatory patients post-stroke, with training that is safe, task-specific, intensive, and of sufficient duration, can be challenging. Some challenges can be met by using body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT). However, it is not known to what degree walking characteristics are similar during BWSTT and overground walking. In addition, ...
Navalta J W - - 2012
This investigation assessed the lymphocyte subset response to increasing intensity. Participants completed an exertion test (VO2max), and later performed a 10-min run at 76% VO2max, 5-min at 87%, and run to exhaustion at 100% intensity. Blood was sampled at rest, following each intensity, and 1-h post. Cell concentration, apoptosis (annexin ...
Tungtrongjit Yodpiti - - 2012
To compare the level of pain scores, range of motion, quadriceps strength and quality of life after TKA patients between preoperative quadriceps exercise group and usual care group. A randomized controlled trial study. From January 2011-January 2012, 60 patients undergoing primary TKA were included. The patients were randomized into two ...
Haas Tara L - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common vascular disease that reduces blood flow capacity to the legs of patients. PAD leads to exercise intolerance that can progress in severity to greatly limit mobility, and in advanced cases leads to frank ischemia with pain at rest. It is estimated that 12 ...
Gopinathan G - - 2012
Timira is a disease that can be attributed to wide range of clinical conditions starting from mild blurring of vision and having potential risk of permanent vision loss. According to the involvement of Dhatus (body elements) the condition can be grouped into two stages. The initial stage or Uttana, where ...
Ostapiuk-Karolczuk J - - 2012
The goal of the study was to clarify the sequence of cytokines and inflammatory cells in non-athletes performed an intense running exercise. Sixteen young healthy men participated in the exercise trial that involved 90-min run at 65% VO2max. The plasma concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 increased immediately ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2012
Background: Despite the association between HIV and coronary artery disease (CAD), there are no specific recommendations for the cardiovascular evaluation of the HIV-infected population. Besides being a tool for the evaluation of CAD, the exercise treadmill test (ETT) provides insights into functional capacity and autonomic function, which have been frequently ...
Grisbrook T L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The catabolic response associated with major burn injuries results in loss of lean body mass (LBM) and prolonged muscle weakness. Exercise training improves LBM and muscle strength in burn-injured children in the acute post injury phase, yet it is unknown whether adults will experience the same benefits when exercise ...
Lavoy Emily C - - 2012
Exercise alters the percentage of CD8(+)T-cells in the bloodstream expressing type 1 and type II cytokines. It is unknown if this reflects a change in cytokine expression within individual cells, or whether these observations result from the exercise-induced shift in the proportions of early/intermediate (CD27(+)) and late (CD27(-)) differentiated cells, ...
Reihmane Dace - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise intensity is of importance in the regulation of increase in pro-inflammatory molecules, but there is still a debate about the effect of duration on these molecules. Therefore, the effect of exercise duration on the serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), soluble ...
Finberg Matthew - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assessed the efficacy of a one-off electro-stimulation treatment as a recovery modality from acute team sport exercise; directly comparing the benefits to contrast water therapy. METHODS: Ten moderately trained male athletes completed a simulated team-game circuit (STGC). At the conclusion of exercise, participants then completed a 30 min ...
Cappelli K - - 2012
Athletic performance is both a stress factor and an adaptive response to exercise that may be modulated by training, reduce inflammation and help prevent disease. Studies on the endocrinology of exercise and training have demonstrated the existence of an integrated metabolic network of hormone and cytokine regulation. Subsequent molecular studies ...
Many G M - - 2012
Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation plays a role in the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Habitual endurance exercise training reduces the risk of CV disease in part through anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of age, endurance training status, and their interaction on pro-inflammatory plasma ...
Ostermann Stefanie S Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, - - 2013
Maintaining and improving fitness are associated with a lower risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease. Patients with schizophrenia are known to exercise less and have poorer health behaviors than average. Physical fitness and physiological regulation during exercise tasks have not been investigated to date among patients with schizophrenia. We ...
Chamorro Carolina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an intensive therapy used to improve survivorship and cure various oncologic diseases. However, this therapy is associated with high mortality rates and numerous negative side-effects. The recovery of the immune system is a special concern and plays a key role in the success ...
Liakos Charalampos I - - 2012
Arterial hypertension is an established risk factor for acute coronary syndromes, and physical exertion may trigger the onset of such an event. The mechanisms involved include the rupture of a small, inflamed, coronary plaque and the activation of thrombogenic factors. Blood pressure (BP)-lowering treatment has been associated with beneficial effects ...
Nowak W N - - 2012
Exercise training remains a therapy of choice in intermittent claudication (IC). However, too exhaustive exercise may cause ischaemic injury and inflammatory response. We tested the impact of three-month treadmill training and single treadmill exercise on antioxidant gene expressions, cytokine concentrations and number of marrow-derived proangiogenic progenitor cells (PPC) in the ...
Corbo Giuseppe Maria - - 2012
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system have been described in subjects with severe disease. We studied heart rate variability (HRV) in COPD patients at rest and during the 6-minute Walk Test (6mWT) and the association with ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2012
Increased muscle oxidative stress and inflammatory responses among athletes and has been reported consistently. In addition, it is well known that exhaustive and/or unaccustomed exercise can lead to muscle fatigue, delayed onset muscle soreness, and a decrement in performance. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to decrease the ...
Grams Samantha T ST Health Science and Sports Centre, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2012
There is currently no consensus on the indication and benefits of breathing exercises for the prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications PPCs and for the recovery of pulmonary mechanics. To undertake a systematic review of randomized and quasi-randomized studies that assessed the effects of breathing exercises on the recovery of pulmonary ...
Gunzer Wolfgang - - 2012
Heavily exercising endurance athletes experience extreme physiologic stress, which is associated with temporary immunodepression and higher risk of infection, particularly upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). The aim of this review is to provide a critical up-to-date review of existing evidence on the immunomodulatory potential of selected macronutrients and to evaluate ...
Coleman Elizabeth Ann - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To compare usual care with a home-based individualized exercise program (HBIEP) in patients receiving intensive treatment for multiple myeloma (MM)and epoetin alfa therapy.Design: Randomized trial with repeated measures of two groups (one experimental and one control) and an approximate 15-week experimental period.Setting: Outpatient setting of the Myeloma Institute for ...
Tongtako Wannaporn - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergens. There is evidence that exercise can significantly improve personal health and has positive effects on immune function. However, the effects of acute exercise on the inflammatory response and clinical symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis are still ...
Bansi J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The influences of exercising on cytokine response, fatigue and cardiorespiratory values are important aspects of rehabilitation in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Exercise performed within these programs is often practised in water but the effects of immersion on PwMS have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this ...
Rethorst C D - - 2012
Exercise is an efficacious treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) and has independently been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in non-depressed subjects. Patients with MDD have elevated inflammatory cytokines but it is not known if exercise affects inflammation in MDD patients and whether these changes are clinically relevant. In the ...
Deldicque Louise - - 2012
Certain conditions, such as several weeks of high-fat diet, disrupt endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis and activate an adaptive pathway referred as the unfolded protein response. When the unfolded protein response fails, the result is the development of inflammation and insulin resistance. These two pathological states are known to be improved ...
Bennett Christine B - - 2012
The metabolic and performance benefits of prior consumption of low-glycaemic index (GI) meals v. high-GI meals were determined in extended high-intensity intermittent exercise. Participants (ten males and four females, aged 25·8 (sd 7·3) years) completed two testing days (each consisting of back-to-back 90-min intermittent high-intensity treadmill running protocols separated by ...
Thomaes Tom - - 2012
Low exercise capacity and skeletal muscle strength are important predictors of all-cause mortality in healthy as well as diseased individuals. Compared to sedentary subjects, CAD patients have a decreased oxygen uptake (peakVO2) and show accompanying increased muscle fatiguability. Despite the known importance of oxygen extraction by peripheral muscles on improving ...
Ellis Rebecca - - 2012
This study tested moderators of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) based on geographical region, gender, race, and income among adolescents in an exercise context using multigroup path analyses. Participants were eighth- and ninth-grade students from Louisiana (LA; N = 448, M(age) = 14.37 years) and Pennsylvania (PA; N = ...
Sisman H - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate an educational and exercise program for the prevention and progression of post-mastectomy lymphedema of the arm and shoulder. Methods: Fifty-five patients who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection between June 2009 and January 2010 were included in this study. The patients were informed by a ...
Yasuda T - - 2012
We examined the effects of blood flow-restricted, low-intensity resistance exercise (termed kaatsu) using an elastic band for resistance on muscle activation. Nine men performed triceps extension and biceps flexion exercises (four sets respectively) using an elastic band for resistance with blood flow restriction (BFR) or CON (unrestricted blood flow). During ...
Camera Donny M - - 2012
We determined the effect of muscle glycogen concentration and postexercise nutrition on anabolic signaling and rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis after resistance exercise (REX). Sixteen young, healthy men matched for age, body mass, peak oxygen uptake (Vo(2peak)) and strength (one repetition maximum; 1RM) were randomly assigned to either a nutrient ...
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