Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1503
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Bennett Philippa - - 2013
Introduction: NICE stated exercise stress tests (EST) should not be used to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease in patients presenting with chest pain presumed to be of cardiac origin. Methods: A retrospective review of 209 patients with presumed cardiac chest pain was done. EST results, GRACE scores and need for ...
Perry Chava - - 2013
Endurance, marathon-type exertion is known to induce adverse changes in the immune system. Increased airway hyper-responsiveness and airway inflammation are well documented in endurance athletes and endurance exercise is considered a major risk factor for asthma in elite athletes. Yet, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still to be deduced. ...
Mitchell Cameron J - - 2013
To determine relationships between post-exercise changes in systemic [testosterone, growth hormone (GH), insulin like grow factor 1 (IGF-1) and interleukin 6 (IL-6)], or intramuscular [skeletal muscle androgen receptor (AR) protein content and p70S6K phosphorylation status] factors in a moderately-sized cohort of young men exhibiting divergent resistance training-mediated muscle hypertrophy. Twenty ...
Tang Clarice Y - - 2013
The aim of the study is to explore the experiences of inpatients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who participated in a very early exercise programme while acutely unwell. This qualitative study analysed responses from participant interviews as part of a mixed method trial whereby participants were ...
Malin Steven K - - 2013
Impaired glucose tolerant (IGT) adults are at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise or metformin reduce CVD risk, but the efficacy of combining treatments is unclear. To determine the effects of exercise training plus metformin (EM), compared with each treatment alone, on CVD risk factors in IGT adults. Subjects ...
Balci Birgül Donmez - - 2013
To investigate the effects of two different rehabilitation programs in acute central vestibulopathy secondary to posterior circulation stroke. A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted on 25 patients with posterior circulation stroke. Patients were instructed in routine balance and mobility exercises during the acute hospitalization period. At discharge, patients were ...
Morris Gerwyn - - 2013
'Encephalomyelitis disseminata' (multiple sclerosis) and myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) are both classified as diseases of the central nervous system by the World Health Organization. This review aims to compare the phenomenological and neuroimmune characteristics of MS with those of ME/CFS. There are remarkable phenomenological and neuroimmune overlaps between both ...
Williams Paul T - - 2013
Test whether inadequate exercise is related to sepsis mortality. Mortality surveillance of an epidemiological cohort of 155,484 National Walkers' and Runners' Health Study participants residing in the United States. Deaths were monitored for an average of 11.6-years using the National Death index through December 31, 2008. Cox proportional hazard analyses ...
Little Robert M D RM Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging, University of Western Ontario London, London, Ontario, - - 2013
Fear of injury is reported as a barrier to exercise by older adults. However, the literature is limited in describing exercise injuries in older adults. This study prospectively evaluated the 12-month incidence of exercise-related injuries to community-dwelling older adults (n=167 respondents; 63 men, 104 women; mean age 69±5 year). A ...
Yu Ji-Guo JG Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. - - 2013
The results regarding the effects of unaccustomed eccentric exercise on muscle tissue are often conflicting and the aetiology of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) induced by eccentric exercise is still unclear. This study aimed to re-evaluate the paradigm of muscular alterations with regard to muscle sarcolemma integrity and fibre swelling ...
Broadbent Suzanne S School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia. - - 2013
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a debilitating disorder with an unknown aetiology but suspected multifactorial origins. Common "triggers" include severe viral infections and emotional stress. Recent studies have also found evidence of immune dysfunction and elevated inflammatory cytokines in CFS patients, but there has been considerable variation in the outcome measures ...
Davies Brett W - - 2013
Objectives: To present a case report of an intraorbital training munition during combat simulation. Methods: A 36-year-old National Guardsman presented to our hospital after being struck in the right orbit with a training munition during combat exercises at Fort Carson, Colorado. The clinical findings, treatment course, and outcome of the ...
Zgierska Aleksandra A Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1100 Delaplaine Ct., Madison, WI 53715, - - 2013
Background. A randomized trial suggests that meditation and exercise may prevent acute respiratory infection (ARI). This paper explores potential mediating mechanisms. Methods. Community-recruited adults were randomly assigned to three nonblinded arms: 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (N = 51), moderate-intensity exercise (N = 51), or wait-list control (N = 52). Primary ...
Jamshidpour Boshra B Physical Therapist, Department of Physical Therapy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, - - 2013
Aim: Cardiac rehabilitation is a key part in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) by its anti-infammatory effects. However, the effect of exercise training programs on salivary concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with coronary artery disease has not been well studied. The objective of this study ...
Strohacker Kelley K The Miriam Hospital and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, - - 2013
Determine whether body mass index (BMI) and physical activity (PA) above, at or below MET minute per week (MMW) levels recommended in the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines interact or have additive effects on interleukin (IL)-6, C reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin6 (IL-6) soluble receptor (IL-6sr), soluble E-selectin and soluble intracellular ...
Older Paul P Department of Anaesthetics, Western Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
The use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate cardiac and respiratory function was pioneered as part of preoperative assessment in the mid 1990s. Surgical procedures have changed since then. The patient population may have aged; however, the physiology has remained the same. The use of an accurate physiological evaluation ...
Lee Na Kyung NK Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate school, Daegu University, Kyeongbuk, Republic of - - 2013
The major contributors to physical disability after stroke are the negative impairments related to loss of functional ability and muscle strength. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of close kinetic chain (CKC) exercise and open kinetic chain (OKC) exercise on muscle activation of the paretic lower ...
Lan Ching C Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, 7 Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 100, - - 2013
Exercise training is the cornerstone of rehabilitation for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although high-intensity exercise has significant cardiovascular benefits, light-to-moderate intensity aerobic exercise also offers health benefits. With lower-intensity workouts, patients may be able to exercise for longer periods of time and increase the acceptance of exercise, particularly in ...
Samjoo I A IA 1] Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [2] Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2013
Obesity is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation, in part because of secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, resulting into peripheral insulin resistance (IR). Increased oxidative stress is proposed to link adiposity and chronic inflammation. The effects of endurance exercise in modulating these outcomes in insulin-resistant obese adults remain unclear. We investigated the ...
Karch Izabela I Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, The John Paul II Hospital, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland. - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease but the mechanism underlying this association is unclear. These benefits of physical activity might result from its effects on inflammation and endothelial function. We investigated whether cardiorespiratory fitness and the level of physical activity are associated with biomarkers of ...
Terra R - - 2012
Physical exercise can improve health and may lead to changes in the functionality of the immune system. Moderate intensity exercise can reduce the risk of infection by shifting the overall immune response towards a T helper type 1 pattern. This study investigates the effect of 12 weeks of swimming on ...
Ho Suleen S - - 2012
Physical activity has been shown to lower levels of inflammatory markers. However, results are inconsistent, indicating different modes of exercise may have different effects on inflammatory cytokines. We aimed to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic, resistance, or combination exercise on TNF-α and IL-6 compared to no exercise ...
Jones Sara B SB Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with improved breast cancer survival, but the underlying mechanisms, possibly including modification of the inflammatory state, are not well understood. We analyzed changes in interleukin (IL)-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), and TNF-α in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. Seventy-five women, recruited ...
Janicek J - - 2012
Fibrotic myopathy can cause incapacitating gait abnormalities. Transection of the fibrotic mass followed by early post operative exercise is the best treatment for fibrotic myopathy. A laser may be used to transect the fibrotic mass. Assessment of the effectiveness of therapies for fibrotic myopathy has been limited to subjective evaluation. ...
Mancuso M M Neurological Clinic, University of Pisa, Italy. - - 2012
Fatigue and exercise intolerance are common symptoms of mitochondrial diseases, but difficult to be clinically assessed. New methods to quantify these rather common complaints are strongly needed in the clinical practice. Coenzyme Q10 administration and aerobic exercise may improve exercise intolerance, but more definite studies are still pending. Herein, we ...
Broderick Gordon - - 2012
Though potentially linked to the basic physiology of stress response we still have no clear understanding of Gulf War Illness (GWI), a debilitating illness presenting with a complex constellation of immune, endocrine and neurological symptoms. Here we compared male GWI (n=20) with healthy veterans (n=22) and subjects with chronic fatigue ...
Mentz Robert J RJ Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, exercise training response, β-blocker selectivity, and outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We performed an analysis of HF-ACTION, which randomized 2,331 patients with HF having an ejection fraction of ≤35% to usual ...
Lisman Peter - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study investigated associations between injuries and individual components of the Marine Corps Physical Fitness Test (PFT), self-reported exercise and previous injury history, and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores. METHODS: A cohort of 874 men enrolled in either six (n = 447) or 10 (n = 427) weeks of ...
Pereira G B - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to examine the acute effects of resistance training (RT) on CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes apoptosis (annexin V+) and migration (CX(3)CR1). Twelve subjects performed two RT sessions (3 sets of 9 exercises) with 1min (Hyper-1) and 3min (Hyper-3) of rest-interval length between sets ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is associated with decreased exercise tolerance and it is subjectively reported as angina pectoris or dyspnea. Inflammation and pro- inflammatory cytokines are related to progression of IHD, but their level is seldom analyzed in association with self reported exercise tolerance. METHODS: Women aged 35-75 years ...
Garcia J J - - 2012
Regular exercise is a good non-pharmacological treatment of metabolic syndrome in that it improves obesity, diabetes, and inflammation. The 72 kDa extracellular heat shock protein (eHsp72) is released during exercise, thus stimulating the inflammatory responses. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of regular exercise on the ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2012
α-Lipoic acid (αLA), as an inductor of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and nitrogen oxide (NO) generation and modulator of thiol redox status, plays an important role in cell signalling pathways. The study was designed to observe the effect of αLA on inflammatory response through changes in H(2)O(2) and NO levels as ...
Donatto F F - - 2012
Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by progressive weight loss, frequently accompanied by anorexia, sarcopenia, and chronic systemic inflammation. The white adipose tissue is markedly affected by cachexia and contributes to this syndrome throught the secretion of pro-inflammatory factors which reach the adjacent tissues and the circulation. A nonpharmacologic ...
Skjerbæk Anders G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heat sensitivity (HS) is reported by 58% of all persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), causing symptom exacerbation possibly limiting exercise participation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses that (a) a relationship between exercise-induced changes in core-temperature (C(temp)) and changes in symptom intensity exists, and ...
Reihmane Dace - - 2012
Data on interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) release during acute exercise are not conclusive and lack information about the impact of physical inactivity. Some studies have shown an increase, but others report no changes in IL-6 and TNF-α release during exercise. We have now studied the temporal relationship ...
Zuhl Micah - - 2012
Gastrointestinal distress, such as diarrhoea, cramping, vomiting, nausea and gastric pain are common among athletes during training and competition. The mechanisms that cause these symptoms are not fully understood. The stress of heat and oxidative damage during exercise causes disruption to intestinal epithelial cell tight junction proteins resulting in increased ...
Ertek Sibel - - 2012
Since the 19(th) century, many studies have enlightened the role of inflammation in atherosclerosis, changing our perception of "vessel plaque due to oxidized lipoproteins", similar to a "rusted pipe", towards a disease with involvement of many cell types and cytokines with more complex mechanisms. Although "physical activity" and "physical exercise" ...
Loria-Kohen Viviana - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Inflammation markers (IM) have been associated with the development of chronic diseases. This study compares the effects on IM of three exercise programs combined with a hypocaloric diet. METHODS: 119 overweight participants (73 women, 46 men) aged 18-50 years were randomised into four treatment groups: strength training ...
Garrett M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: While there is an increasing body of evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), additional information on the effectiveness of combining aerobic and resistance training, and yoga is required. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effectiveness of community exercise interventions for people with MS having ...
Someya Fujiko - - 2012
Autoantibodies have been detected in systemic sclerosis patients, and typical clinical features regarding organ involvement by each autoantibody have been reported. To reveal differences in exercise intolerance in patients with either anti-topoisomerase-I or anti-centromere antibodies, 53 systemic sclerosis patients were investigated retrospectively. A 6-min walking distance showed no significant differences ...
Bergkamp Donna - - 2012
The study first assessed comfort levels of physical and occupational therapists who provide burn care prior to a hands-on intervention, then assessed therapists' confidence levels following an educational intervention. Physical and occupational therapists who previously treated burn survivors were invited to complete a preworkshop confidence level survey. From this information, ...
Perez-Terzic Carmen M - - 2012
Analysis of extensive data has shown that exercise training provides significant impact on prevention and modification of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. In general, exercise recommendations for patients with cardiovascular diseases are based on individual aerobic capacity and comorbidities. Patients with acute syndromes benefit from participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program, ...
Finnoff Jonathan T - - 2012
Sports injuries are common and can result in significant problems, such as pain, social isolation, depression, disability (temporary or permanent), loss of income, or loss of scholarship. Further, sports injuries can predispose the athlete to future injury or degenerative disorders, for example, osteoarthritis. Therefore, a preventive approach is paramount, and ...
Verdolini Abbott Katherine - - 2012
The objective was to assess the utility of selected "resonant voice" (RV) exercises for the reduction of acute vocal fold inflammation. The hypothesis was that relatively large-amplitude, low-impact vocal fold exercises associated with RV would reduce inflammation more than spontaneous speech (SS) and possibly more than voice rest. The study ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2012
Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which is associated with high morbimortality and decreased patients' physical capacity. We evaluated the effects of an 11-week moderate-intensity exercise (treadmill) training program performed after allo-HSCT in a murine acute (aGVHD) and chronic GVHD model (cGVHD). Female ...
Al-Nassan Saad - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic moderate-intensity training in order to prevent muscle atrophy with a focus on TNF-α and atrogin-1/MAFbx as main proteolytic indicators. Hindlimb unloading model of mice received treadmill running exercise for 1 hr per day during hindlimb unloading period of ...
Marklund Peter - - 2013
The impact of a 24-h ultraendurance exercise bout on systemic and local muscle inflammatory reactions was investigated in nine experienced athletes. Blood and muscle biopsies were collected before (Pre), immediately after the exercise bout (Post), and after 28 h of recovery (Post28). Circulating blood levels of leukocytes, creatine kinase (CK), ...
White Jodii - - 2012
This investigation explored the influence of supplemental oxygen administered during the recovery periods of an interval-based running session on the post-exercise markers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation. Ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two sessions of 10 × 3 min running intervals at 85 % of the maximal oxygen consumption velocity (vVO(2peak)) ...
Pereira Guilherme B - - 2013
Chronic inflammation has been identified as an important component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Inhibition of the inflammatory mediator signals is a promising strategy against insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and other problems associated with MetS. Regular exercise decreases the components associated with MetS, including inflammatory cytokines. However, the relationship between an acute ...
Majtan Juraj - - 2013
Prolonged and high-intensity exercise affects immune function and leads to an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in endurance athletes. The increased incidence of URTI symptoms may negatively affect athletic performance. Various nutritional supplements have been tested in the last decade for their ability to prevent developing of ...
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