Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1428
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Tongtako Wannaporn - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergens. There is evidence that exercise can significantly improve personal health and has positive effects on immune function. However, the effects of acute exercise on the inflammatory response and clinical symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis are still ...
Coleman Elizabeth Ann - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To compare usual care with a home-based individualized exercise program (HBIEP) in patients receiving intensive treatment for multiple myeloma (MM)and epoetin alfa therapy.Design: Randomized trial with repeated measures of two groups (one experimental and one control) and an approximate 15-week experimental period.Setting: Outpatient setting of the Myeloma Institute for ...
Gunzer Wolfgang - - 2012
Heavily exercising endurance athletes experience extreme physiologic stress, which is associated with temporary immunodepression and higher risk of infection, particularly upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). The aim of this review is to provide a critical up-to-date review of existing evidence on the immunomodulatory potential of selected macronutrients and to evaluate ...
Bansi J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The influences of exercising on cytokine response, fatigue and cardiorespiratory values are important aspects of rehabilitation in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Exercise performed within these programs is often practised in water but the effects of immersion on PwMS have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this ...
Rethorst C D - - 2012
Exercise is an efficacious treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) and has independently been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in non-depressed subjects. Patients with MDD have elevated inflammatory cytokines but it is not known if exercise affects inflammation in MDD patients and whether these changes are clinically relevant. In the ...
Deldicque Louise - - 2012
Certain conditions, such as several weeks of high-fat diet, disrupt endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis and activate an adaptive pathway referred as the unfolded protein response. When the unfolded protein response fails, the result is the development of inflammation and insulin resistance. These two pathological states are known to be improved ...
Helmer Axel - - 2012
Cardiopulmonary diseases affect millions of people and cause high costs in health care systems worldwide. Patients should perform regular endurance exercises to stabilize their health state and prevent further impairment. However, patients are often uncertain about the level of intensity they should exercise in their current condition.
Bennett Christine B - - 2012
The metabolic and performance benefits of prior consumption of low-glycaemic index (GI) meals v. high-GI meals were determined in extended high-intensity intermittent exercise. Participants (ten males and four females, aged 25·8 (sd 7·3) years) completed two testing days (each consisting of back-to-back 90-min intermittent high-intensity treadmill running protocols separated by ...
Thomaes Tom - - 2012
Low exercise capacity and skeletal muscle strength are important predictors of all-cause mortality in healthy as well as diseased individuals. Compared to sedentary subjects, CAD patients have a decreased oxygen uptake (peakVO2) and show accompanying increased muscle fatiguability. Despite the known importance of oxygen extraction by peripheral muscles on improving ...
Ellis Rebecca - - 2012
This study tested moderators of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) based on geographical region, gender, race, and income among adolescents in an exercise context using multigroup path analyses. Participants were eighth- and ninth-grade students from Louisiana (LA; N = 448, M(age) = 14.37 years) and Pennsylvania (PA; N = ...
Sisman H - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate an educational and exercise program for the prevention and progression of post-mastectomy lymphedema of the arm and shoulder. Methods: Fifty-five patients who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection between June 2009 and January 2010 were included in this study. The patients were informed by a ...
Yasuda T - - 2012
We examined the effects of blood flow-restricted, low-intensity resistance exercise (termed kaatsu) using an elastic band for resistance on muscle activation. Nine men performed triceps extension and biceps flexion exercises (four sets respectively) using an elastic band for resistance with blood flow restriction (BFR) or CON (unrestricted blood flow). During ...
Camera Donny M - - 2012
We determined the effect of muscle glycogen concentration and postexercise nutrition on anabolic signaling and rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis after resistance exercise (REX). Sixteen young, healthy men matched for age, body mass, peak oxygen uptake (Vo(2peak)) and strength (one repetition maximum; 1RM) were randomly assigned to either a nutrient ...
Pendergast David R - - 2012
The reduced cardiac output (CO) secondary to increased acceleration forces (+Gz) has applicability to daily life and pathophysiology. Increased +Gz and reduced CO affect the lung, resulting in reduced oxygen transport. A variety of studies have examined tolerance to high +Gz. The present study examines the effect of +1 to ...
Cavagnolli Daniel A DA a Departamento de Psicobiologia , Universidade Federal de São Paulo , São Paulo , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of a 2-month aerobic exercise training programme on C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in non-obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Twenty non-obese and sedentary adult male volunteers underwent polysomnography (PSG) to assess their sleep parameters. After the PSG analysis, the ...
Maruyama Shiko - - 2012
Despite the widely documented benefits of exercise, very little is known about how individuals make the decision on exercise. In particular, the decision on the intensity of exercise has attracted only one US study to date, which tests the hypothesis that individuals shift toward less time-intensive but more physically intensive ...
Frost David M - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this study was to quantify joint compression and shear forces at L4/L5 during exercises used to overload the hips. Nine men performed 36 "walking" trials using two modalities: (1) sled towing and (2) exercise bands placed around the ankles. Participants completed forward, backward, and lateral trials ...
Serra Monica C - - 2012
Background: Aging is associated with increased local inflammation and resultant proteolysis in skeletal muscle. In animal models, soy supplementation is a beneficial countermeasure against muscle inflammation and proteolysis; however, the effect on aging humans is not clear. Methods: A single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 31 post-menopausal women. Volunteers ...
Strober Bruce E BE Department of Dermatology, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06032 - - 2012
Traditional clinical trials in psoriasis exclude a significant proportion of patients with complex disease and comorbidities. A consensus panel of 14 experts in the field of psoriasis was formed to conduct a Delphi method exercise to identify difficult-to-treat psoriasis clinical scenarios and to rank treatment approaches. The exercise consisted of ...
Tam Enrico - - 2012
On ten top-level Kenyan marathon runners (KA) plus nine European controls (EC, equivalent to KA), we measured maximal oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]) and the energy cost of running (C (r)) on track during training camps at moderate altitude, to better understand the KA dominance in the marathon. At each ...
Komelski Matthew F - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine and compare health status across ages using a volunteer sample of U.S. Taijiquan and Qigong (TQG) practitioners (N=120; age range=24-83, M=54.77) and a nationally representative sample (N=414,629; age range=18-99, M=54.86) collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). ...
Sluka Kathleen A KA Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science Graduate Program, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1190, USA. - - 2012
Pain in response to physical activity is common in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and is likely a barrier to regular exercise, which would lead to a sedentary lifestyle. We recently developed a model of exercise-induced pain that is associated with increased activation of neurons in the medullary raphe nuclei, ...
Galdas Paul M - - 2012
The aim of this research was to describe Punjabi Sikh patients' perceived barriers to engaging in physical exercise following myocardial infarction (MI). A qualitative, interpretive descriptive methodology was used. The sample included 15 Punjabi Sikh patients who were attending a cardiac rehabilitation education program in an urban center of British ...
Hallstrand Teal S - - 2012
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) refers to acute airflow obstruction that is triggered by a period of physical exertion. Here we review recent findings about the epidemiology of EIB, immunopathology leading to EIB, and the latest understanding of the pathogenesis of EIB. Longitudinal studies demonstrated that airway hyper-responsiveness to exercise or cold ...
Kim Y-J - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate effects of a 100-km ultramarathon on cardiac markers of exercise-induced-hypertensive marathoners. 10 marathoners with exercise-induced hypertension and 10 normal marathoners participated in the study. Their blood samples were collected before starting, at 50 km, and after finishing the course (100 km). Creatinine kinase was more significantly increased ...
Bartlett Jonathan D - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that acute high-intensity interval (HIT) running induces greater activation of signaling pathways associated with mitochondrial biogenesis compared with moderate-intensity continuous (CONT) running matched for work done. In a repeated-measures design, 10 active men performed two running protocols consisting of ...
He Congcong - - 2012
Exercise has beneficial effects on human health, including protection against metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying these effects are incompletely understood. The lysosomal degradation pathway, autophagy, is an intracellular recycling system that functions during basal conditions in organelle and protein quality control. During stress, increased levels ...
Liu Weina - - 2012
Both chronic mild stress and an injection of corticosterone induce depression-like states in rodents. To further link mitochondrial dysfunction to the pathophysiology of major depression, here we describe two rat models of a depressive-like state induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) or corticosterone treatment (CORT). It is also a ...
Anderson Sandra D - - 2012
The assessment of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in athletes requires the measurement of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) before and after vigorous exercise or a surrogate of exercise such as eucapnic voluntary hyperpnoea (EVH) of dry air or mannitol dry powder. Exercise testing in a laboratory has a low ...
Zhang Q - - 2012
Stroke is a major cause of death worldwide. Previous studies have suggested both exercise and mitochondrial biogenesis contribute to improved post-ischemic recovery of brain function. However, the exact mechanism underlying this effect is unclear. On the other hand, the benefit of exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis in brain has been confirmed. In ...
Wang Chong-Wen - - 2012
The objective of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate the clinical evidence of the effect of qigong exercise on immunity and its efficacy in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Thirteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011, and all controlled clinical trials of ...
Ambarish V - - 2012
Exercises induce pro-inflammatory cytokines. We assessed the effect of different grades of exercises on inflammatory cytokine response. Twenty healthy volunteers performed a single bout of moderate exercise, a single bout of strenuous exercise and one month regular moderate exercise using standardized 10m Shuttle Walk Test. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Tumour Necrosis ...
El Khoury D - - 2012
The use of nutritional supplements among exercisers in gyms has been never investigated in the Middle East. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence intake of nutritional supplements and the potential influencing factors among people exercising in gyms in Beirut city. In this cross-sectional study, 512 ...
Kazeem Akinwande - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) and certain acute phase proteins (caeruloplasmin, transferrin, haptoglobin, C-reactive protein) in Nigerian subjects after short and prolonged exercises. A total of 57 subjects (34 males and 23 females) between ages of 19 and 45 years participated ...
Saeed Fahad - - 2012
Urinalysis reveals an excessive level of protein, but your patient is a runner. How concerned should you be?
Zigmond Michael J - - 2012
Although a good deal is known about the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease and information is emerging about its cause, there are no pharmacological treatments shown to have a significant, sustained capacity to prevent or attenuate the condition. However, accumulating clinical evidence suggests that physical exercise can provide this much needed ...
Noble Earl G - - 2012
Heat shock proteins (Hsp) play critical roles in the body's self-defense under a variety of stresses, including heat shock, oxidative stress, radiation, and wounds, through the regulation of folding and functions of relevant cellular proteins. Exercise increases the levels of Hsp through elevated temperature, hormones, calcium fluxes, reactive oxygen species ...
Caminiti Giuseppe - - 2012
Purpose. To determine whether the presence of cognitive impairment (CI) affects physical recovery of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) undergoing a cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP). Methods. We enrolled 80 CHF patients (M/F = 53/27). CI was evaluated by means of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), exercise tolerance was evaluated ...
Chen Li-Fei - - 2012
High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has allowed in detection of airway wall abnormalities and emphysema, whose extent may correlate with the clinical severity of the disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Six minute walk test (6MWT) and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) can determine functional status. A study was ...
Katajisto Milla - - 2012
To study patients' levels of exercise activity and the clinical characteristics that relate to physical activity and inactivity among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A postal questionnaire was administered to 719 patients with COPD in 2010; patients were recruited from the Helsinki and Turku University Central Hospitals in ...
Oga Toru - - 2012
Guidelines recommend that symptoms as well as lung function should be monitored for the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, limited data are available regarding the longitudinal change in dyspnea, and it remains unknown which of relevant measurements might be used for following dyspnea. We previously ...
Bortolon José Ricardo - - 2012
In this study we evaluated the onset and resolution of inflammation in control and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats subjected to a single session of intense exercise. The following measurements were carried out prior to, immediately after, and 2 and 24 hours after exercise: plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, ...
Trumpeter Nevelyn N - - 2012
Despite their increased use, no studies have examined the validity of Actical accelerometry cut points for moderate physical activity (PA) in underserved (low-income, high-crime), minority populations. The high rates of chronic disease and physical inactivity in these populations likely impact the measurement of PA. There is growing concern that traditionally ...
Gerber Yannick N - - 2012
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by a gradual muscular paralysis resulting from progressive motoneurons death. ALS etiology remains unknown although it has been demonstrated to be a multifactorial disease involving several cellular partners. There is currently no effective treatment. Even if the effect of exercise is under investigation for ...
Lord Victoria M - - 2012
There is some evidence that singing lessons may be of benefit to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is not clear how much of this benefit is specific to singing and how much relates to the classes being a group activity that addresses social isolation. Patients were randomised ...
Rocha Luiz A O - - 2012
Regular exercises are commonly described as an important factor in health improvement, being directly related to contractile force development in cardiac cells.In order to evaluate the links between swimming exercise intensity and cardiac adaptation by using high molecular mass proteomics, isogenic Wistar rats were divided into four groups: one control ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2012
Probiotics are an upcoming group of nutraceuticals claiming positive effects on athlete's gut health, redox biology and immunity but there is lack of evidence to support these statements. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled trial to observe effects of probiotic supplementation on markers of intestinal barrier, oxidation and inflammation, ...
Cosio-Lima Ludmila M LM Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL, - - 2012
Intense or prolonged exercise and/or heat stress might affect the immune system creating a response similar to trauma or inflammation, resulting in an increase in the susceptibility to viral infections. For example, during prolonged exercise, inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and the stress hormone cortisol ...
Baumann Freerk T FT Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne , Cologne, - - 2012
Pneumonia and fever are common side effects of high dose chemotherapy (HDC). The positive influence of physical activity on physiological and psychological parameters in cancer patients has been demonstrated in several studies. In this non-randomized controlled pilot study we investigated the infection and pneumonia risk in 36 high dose chemotherapy ...
Brunelli Diego Trevisan DT Faculty of Physical Education, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the immunological responses and the association between variation in exercise load and self-reported occurrence of upper respiratory illness (URI) symptoms in young basketball athletes. The sample was composed of twelve young male athletes aged 12.7 ± 0.6 years, with a height of ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >