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Results 301 - 350 of 1519
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Leeder J D C - - 2013
PURPOSE: This investigation aimed to 1) ascertain a detailed physiological profile of recovery from intermittent sprint exercise on athletes familiar with the exercise, and 2) investigate if athletes receive a protective effect on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), inflammation and oxidative stress following a repeated exposure to an identical ...
Barnes Jill N JN Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
Recently, several high-impact reviews suggest that regular aerobic exercise is beneficial for maintaining cognitive function in aging adults. Higher cerebral blood flow and/or cerebrovascular reactivity may explain the favorable effect of exercise on cognition. In addition, prostaglandin-mediated vasodilator responses may be influenced by regular exercise. Therefore, our purpose was to ...
Paulson Thomas Aw - - 2013
Purpose: A complete spinal cord injury (SCI) above the 6 thoracic vertebra (T6) results in the loss of sympathetic innervation of the adrenal medulla. This study examined the effect of a complete SCI above and below T6 on plasma concentrations of epinephrine, circulating interleukin (IL)-6 and other inflammatory cytokines in ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2013
To compare the cytokine response to exhaustive running in recreationally-active (RA) and endurance-trained (ET) men. Eleven RA men (VO2max 55 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) and 10 ET men (VO2max 68 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) followed a controlled diet and refrained from volitional exercise for 8 days. On the fourth day, participants completed 60 min of treadmill running (65 % VO2max), followed ...
Arjunan Saravana Pillai - - 2013
PURPOSE: South Asians have a higher than average risk of coronary heart disease. The reasons for this are unclear but physical inactivity and/or poor responsiveness to exercise may play a role. This study compared the effect of prior exercise on postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG), glucose, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble intercellular ...
Kuchar Ernest - - 2013
Elite athletes have a higher prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction than the general population. The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is not fully elucidated. Increasing evidence suggests that airway inflammation plays a major role in the immunopathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. The aim of our review is to discuss existing evidence and to ...
Sandvik Asle M - - 2013
Psychological hardiness characterizes people who remain healthy under psychosocial stress. The present exploratory study investigates possible links between hardiness and several immune and neuroendocrine markers: IL-6, IL-12, IL-4, IL-10, & neuropeptide-Y. A total of 21 Norwegian navy cadets were studied in the context of a highly stressful military field exercise. ...
Pilutti Lara A - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated neurodegenerative disease that results in a myriad of physical and mental symptoms. Current disease-modifying therapies do not prevent long-term disability accumulation and are particularly ineffective for patients with a progressive disease onset. Exercise may represent an alternative strategy for managing symptoms and disability accumulation, ...
O'Neill Hayley Maree - - 2013
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) increases glucose uptake in resting skeletal muscle. IL-6 is released from skeletal muscle during exercise; however; it is not known whether this IL-6 response is important for exercise-induced increases in skeletal muscle glucose uptake. We report that IL-6 knockout (KO) mice, four months of age, have similar body ...
Handzlik Michal K - - 2013
Highly trained athletes are associated with high resting antigen-stimulated whole blood culture interleukin (IL)-10 production. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of training status on resting circulating T regulatory (T(reg)) cell counts and antigen-stimulated IL-10 production and the effect of acute bout of exercise on ...
Guinan E - - 2013
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer development and recurrence. There are several hypothesised mechanisms for this including positive effects on metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers and favourable changes in anthropometric variables. This pilot study examined the effect of an 8-week aerobic exercise intervention on several ...
McGarvey Aoife C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and dysfunction can occur following neck dissection surgery for cancer. These conditions often are due to accessory nerve injury. Such an injury leads to trapezius muscle weakness, which, in turn, alters scapular biomechanics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess which strengthening exercises incur the ...
Pereira Daniele Sirineu - - 2013
High levels of inflammatory mediators are associated with reduced physical capabilities and muscle function in the elderly. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may affect the expression and synthesis of these molecules, thus influencing the intensity of the inflammatory response and susceptibility to certain diseases. Physical exercise may attenuate age-related chronic inflammation ...
Steib Simon S Institute of Sport Science and Sport, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2013
Sensorimotor control is impaired after ankle injury and in fatigued conditions. However, little is known about fatigue-induced alterations of postural control in athletes who have experienced an ankle sprain in the past. To investigate the effect of fatiguing exercise on static and dynamic balance abilities in athletes who have successfully ...
Kinoshita T - - 2013
Study design:Case series.Objectives:To investigate the effects of wheelchair basketball game on plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP) and blood cell counts in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:The 2009 Mei-shin League of Wheelchair Basketball Games held at Wakayama, Japan.Participants:Five wheelchair basketball players with SCI voluntarily participated ...
Yazwinski M M Department of Clinical Sciences, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
The endurance sled dog is the ultimate endurance athlete in which to examine the exercise-associated acute phase and myokine responses that might be related to changes in muscle metabolism and damage. An inciting cause for increased C-reactive protein has yet to be elucidated, which might involve interleukin-6 and other myokines. ...
O'Doherty A F - - 2013
Reduced physical fitness is associated with increased risk of complications after intra-cavity surgery. Aerobic exercise training interventions improve physical fitness in clinical populations. However, it is unclear whether implementing a preoperative aerobic exercise training intervention improves outcome after intra-cavity surgery. We conducted a systematic review (Embase and PubMed, to April ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2013
Increased muscle oxidative stress and inflammatory responses among athletes have been reported consistently. In addition, it is well known that exhaustive or unaccustomed exercise can lead to muscle fatigue, delayed-onset muscle soreness, and a decrement in performance. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to decrease the production of ...
Patel Darpan I - - 2013
The impact of exercise on disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the clinical effects of forced wheel running on rats induced with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of MS. Female Lewis rats (n = 40) were randomly assigned to 1 of ...
Kelly Emer E Brigham & Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The authors discuss the role of inflammatory biomarkers to predict mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in this narrative literature review with expert opinion. The severity of COPD has traditionally been graded using the degree of obstruction as measured by the forced expiratory volume in 1 s because this variable ...
Van Erck-Westergren E - - 2013
Given that aerobic metabolism is the predominant energy pathway for most sports, the respiratory system can be a rate-limiting factor in the exercise capacity of fit and healthy horses. Consequently, respiratory diseases, even in mild forms, are potentially deleterious to any athletic performance. The functional impairment associated with a respiratory ...
Christiansen Tore - - 2013
The primary aim of the present study was to investigate if overweight and obese compared to lean individuals displayed differences in levels of inflammatory markers in circulation, skeletal muscle (SM) and adipose tissue (AT) after acute exercise. Fifteen lean (BMI: 22.4 ± 2 kg/m(2)) and 16 overweight or obese (BMI 31.8 ± 3 kg/m(2)) individuals were ...
Hunter Gary R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults. METHODS: Seventy-two women, 60 - 74 years old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1 day/week ...
Mathur Shishir - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Physical exercise up-regulates telomere-stabilizing proteins in mice, suggesting that physical activity affects telomere length. Several human studies assessing the relationship between physical activity, measured by health or activity surveys, and telomere length have produced conflicting results. The present study sought to explore the association between telomere length ...
Kerasioti Efthalia - - 2013
Intense exercise induces increased levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a special cake (consisting of carbohydrate to whey protein 3.5:1) vs an isocaloric carbohydrate cake on inflammatory markers after exhaustive cycling in humans. Nine subjects received either the ...
Lovatel Gisele Agustini - - 2013
It has been described that exercise can modulate both inflammatory response and epigenetic modifications, although the effect of exercise on these parameters during the normal brain aging process yet remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of aging and treadmill exercise on inflammatory and epigenetic parameters specifically pro and ...
Basta Piotr - - 2013
This investigation examined the effect of supplementation with Biostimine® (extract from Aloe arborescens Mill. leaves) on the levels of prooxidant- antioxidant equilibrium markers and anti- and pro-inflammatory cytokines in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. This double-blind study included 18 members of the Polish Rowing Team. Subjects were randomly assigned to ...
Idorn L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival after the Fontan procedure shows excellent results but is associated with a persistent risk of arrhythmias and exercise intolerance. We aimed to analyze the current burden of clinically relevant arrhythmia and severe exercise intolerance in Danish Fontan patients and furthermore, to estimate the future burden from analysis ...
Bartolini Matteo - - 2013
AIMS: The 3-min SBP ratio (SBPR) was proposed to detect significant coronary artery disease (CAD), but its relationship with abnormalities detected by myocardial perfusion-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was never examined. METHODS: In 156 consecutive patients submitted to resting and exercise gated SPECT for suspect CAD, perfusion scores, ejection ...
Edwards Kate M KM Exercise Health and Performance Research Group; University of Sydney; Lidcombe, NSW - - 2013
The role of exercise in health is well known; here we discuss the specific role of exercise in vaccination responses. Chronic exercise or high levels of physical activity have been shown to be related to improved vaccination responses in older adults, illustrating improved immune function, and conferring potentially significant public ...
Pruscino Cathryn L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The underlying mechanism of exercise on the development of diabetes-associated neuropathic pain is not well understood. We investigated in rats whether exercise regulates the functional recovery and heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 expression in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes.METHODS:Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 ...
Piao Chun-Shu CS Center for Shock, Trauma and Anesthesiology Research (STAR) and Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2013
Delayed secondary biochemical and cellular changes after traumatic brain injury continue for months to years, and are associated with chronic neuroinflammation and progressive neurodegeneration. Physical activity can reduce inflammation and facilitate recovery after brain injury. Here, we investigated the time-dependent effects, and underlying mechanisms of post-traumatic exercise initiation on outcome ...
Normando Valéria Marques Ferreira - - 2013
Exposure to alumina dust has been recently associated with impaired lung mechanics and inflammation. We aimed at evaluating if moderate exercise training prevents these outcomes. Twenty-three female BALB/c mice (25-30g) were randomly divided in two main groups: control (C) and exercise (E), which were submitted, or not, to 15minutes of ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine if Panax notoginseng is effective in reducing pain, indicators of inflammation and muscle damage, and in turn improve performance in well trained males who underwent a bout of eccentric exercise designed to induce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). A double blind randomised ...
Tang Hui - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the hypothesis that aerobic exercise training inhibits the development of insulin resistance through IL-6 and probe into the possible molecular mechanism about it. METHODS: Rats were raised with high-fat diets for 8weeks to develop insulin resistance, and glucose infusion rates (GIRs) were determined by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamping to ...
Tauler Pedro - - 2013
PURPOSE: 1) To determine the effects of caffeine supplementation on the inflammatory response (IL-6 and IL-10 levels and leukocyte numbers) induced by a 15 Km run competition and 2) to examine the effect of caffeine supplementation on the energetic metabolites as well as on the exercise induced oxidative stress. METHODS: ...
Van De Bruaene Alexander - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (1) changes in clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic parameters, (2) whether deterioration in exercise capacity and resting oxygen saturation (SatO2-rest) are related with adverse outcome and (3) its additional value in predicting outcome in Eisenmenger patients. METHODS: Seventy-seven (36±14years, 30% male) patients were included and prospectively followed. Changes ...
Martins Daniel F - - 2013
This study investigated the involvement of the adenosinergic system in antiallodynia induced by exercise in an animal model of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I). Furthermore, we analyzed the role of the opioid receptors on exercise-induced analgesia. Ischemia/Reperfusion (IR) mice, nonexercised and exercised, received intraperitoneal injection of caffeine (10 ...
Poldervaart Judith M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To improve early diagnostic and therapeutic decision making, we designed the HEART score for chest pain patients in the emergency department (ED). HEART is an acronym of its components: History, ECG, Age, Risk factors and Troponin. Currently, many chest pain patients undergo exercise testing on the consecutive days after ...
Abedelmalek Salma - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) on circulating concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in relation to the secretory profiles of growth hormone (GH), cortisol, and testosterone during a repeated brief sprint interval exercise. Thirty healthy football players ...
Davies Brett W - - 2013
Objectives: To present a case report of an intraorbital training munition during combat simulation. Methods: A 36-year-old National Guardsman presented to our hospital after being struck in the right orbit with a training munition during combat exercises at Fort Carson, Colorado. The clinical findings, treatment course, and outcome of the ...
Bote Maria Elena - - 2013
Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized in part by an elevated inflammatory status, and "modified exercise" is currently proposed as being a good therapeutic help for these patients. However, the mechanisms involved in the exercise-induced benefits are still poorly understood. The objective was to evaluate the effect of a single bout of ...
Yu Ji-Guo JG Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. - - 2013
The results regarding the effects of unaccustomed eccentric exercise on muscle tissue are often conflicting and the aetiology of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) induced by eccentric exercise is still unclear. This study aimed to re-evaluate the paradigm of muscular alterations with regard to muscle sarcolemma integrity and fibre swelling ...
Older Paul P Department of Anaesthetics, Western Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
The use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate cardiac and respiratory function was pioneered as part of preoperative assessment in the mid 1990s. Surgical procedures have changed since then. The patient population may have aged; however, the physiology has remained the same. The use of an accurate physiological evaluation ...
Huang Kuo-Chin - - 2013
The potent anti-inflammatory activities and tissue-protective effects of freshwater clams (Corbicula fluminea) have been well reported. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of freshwater clam extract (FCE) supplementation on time to exhaustion, muscle damage, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and liver injury in rats after exhaustive exercise. ...
Kruijsen-Jaarsma Mirjam - - 2013
The role of exercise therapy in the rehabilitation of cancer patients and survivors is becoming increasingly important as it is thought to modulate immunity and inflammation. More knowledge about the effects of exercise on immune function in these patients is needed. Our aim is to systematically review changes in immune ...
Perry Chava - - 2013
Endurance, marathon-type exertion is known to induce adverse changes in the immune system. Increased airway hyper-responsiveness and airway inflammation are well documented in endurance athletes and endurance exercise is considered a major risk factor for asthma in elite athletes. Yet, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still to be deduced. ...
Abbasi Asghar - - 2013
The capacity of whole blood cultures to produce cytokines in response to endotoxin (LPS) was studied in athletes before, 30 min after, 3 h after and 24 h after a half-marathon run. Eight well trained men and 8 well trained women (6 of them in the late luteal phase of ...
Balci Birgül Donmez - - 2013
To investigate the effects of two different rehabilitation programs in acute central vestibulopathy secondary to posterior circulation stroke. A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted on 25 patients with posterior circulation stroke. Patients were instructed in routine balance and mobility exercises during the acute hospitalization period. At discharge, patients were ...
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