Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1428
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Jones Sara B SB Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with improved breast cancer survival, but the underlying mechanisms, possibly including modification of the inflammatory state, are not well understood. We analyzed changes in interleukin (IL)-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), and TNF-α in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. Seventy-five women, recruited ...
Janicek J - - 2012
Fibrotic myopathy can cause incapacitating gait abnormalities. Transection of the fibrotic mass followed by early post operative exercise is the best treatment for fibrotic myopathy. A laser may be used to transect the fibrotic mass. Assessment of the effectiveness of therapies for fibrotic myopathy has been limited to subjective evaluation. ...
Mancuso M M Neurological Clinic, University of Pisa, Italy. - - 2012
Fatigue and exercise intolerance are common symptoms of mitochondrial diseases, but difficult to be clinically assessed. New methods to quantify these rather common complaints are strongly needed in the clinical practice. Coenzyme Q10 administration and aerobic exercise may improve exercise intolerance, but more definite studies are still pending. Herein, we ...
Broderick Gordon - - 2012
Though potentially linked to the basic physiology of stress response we still have no clear understanding of Gulf War Illness (GWI), a debilitating illness presenting with a complex constellation of immune, endocrine and neurological symptoms. Here we compared male GWI (n=20) with healthy veterans (n=22) and subjects with chronic fatigue ...
Mentz Robert J RJ Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, exercise training response, β-blocker selectivity, and outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We performed an analysis of HF-ACTION, which randomized 2,331 patients with HF having an ejection fraction of ≤35% to usual ...
Lisman Peter - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study investigated associations between injuries and individual components of the Marine Corps Physical Fitness Test (PFT), self-reported exercise and previous injury history, and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores. METHODS: A cohort of 874 men enrolled in either six (n = 447) or 10 (n = 427) weeks of ...
Pereira G B - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to examine the acute effects of resistance training (RT) on CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes apoptosis (annexin V+) and migration (CX(3)CR1). Twelve subjects performed two RT sessions (3 sets of 9 exercises) with 1min (Hyper-1) and 3min (Hyper-3) of rest-interval length between sets ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is associated with decreased exercise tolerance and it is subjectively reported as angina pectoris or dyspnea. Inflammation and pro- inflammatory cytokines are related to progression of IHD, but their level is seldom analyzed in association with self reported exercise tolerance. METHODS: Women aged 35-75 years ...
Garcia J J - - 2012
Regular exercise is a good non-pharmacological treatment of metabolic syndrome in that it improves obesity, diabetes, and inflammation. The 72 kDa extracellular heat shock protein (eHsp72) is released during exercise, thus stimulating the inflammatory responses. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of regular exercise on the ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2012
α-Lipoic acid (αLA), as an inductor of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and nitrogen oxide (NO) generation and modulator of thiol redox status, plays an important role in cell signalling pathways. The study was designed to observe the effect of αLA on inflammatory response through changes in H(2)O(2) and NO levels as ...
Donatto F F - - 2012
Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by progressive weight loss, frequently accompanied by anorexia, sarcopenia, and chronic systemic inflammation. The white adipose tissue is markedly affected by cachexia and contributes to this syndrome throught the secretion of pro-inflammatory factors which reach the adjacent tissues and the circulation. A nonpharmacologic ...
Skjerbæk Anders G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heat sensitivity (HS) is reported by 58% of all persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), causing symptom exacerbation possibly limiting exercise participation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses that (a) a relationship between exercise-induced changes in core-temperature (C(temp)) and changes in symptom intensity exists, and ...
Reihmane Dace - - 2012
Data on interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) release during acute exercise are not conclusive and lack information about the impact of physical inactivity. Some studies have shown an increase, but others report no changes in IL-6 and TNF-α release during exercise. We have now studied the temporal relationship ...
Zuhl Micah - - 2012
Gastrointestinal distress, such as diarrhoea, cramping, vomiting, nausea and gastric pain are common among athletes during training and competition. The mechanisms that cause these symptoms are not fully understood. The stress of heat and oxidative damage during exercise causes disruption to intestinal epithelial cell tight junction proteins resulting in increased ...
Ertek Sibel - - 2012
Since the 19(th) century, many studies have enlightened the role of inflammation in atherosclerosis, changing our perception of "vessel plaque due to oxidized lipoproteins", similar to a "rusted pipe", towards a disease with involvement of many cell types and cytokines with more complex mechanisms. Although "physical activity" and "physical exercise" ...
Loria-Kohen Viviana - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Inflammation markers (IM) have been associated with the development of chronic diseases. This study compares the effects on IM of three exercise programs combined with a hypocaloric diet. METHODS: 119 overweight participants (73 women, 46 men) aged 18-50 years were randomised into four treatment groups: strength training ...
Garrett M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: While there is an increasing body of evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), additional information on the effectiveness of combining aerobic and resistance training, and yoga is required. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effectiveness of community exercise interventions for people with MS having ...
Someya Fujiko - - 2012
Autoantibodies have been detected in systemic sclerosis patients, and typical clinical features regarding organ involvement by each autoantibody have been reported. To reveal differences in exercise intolerance in patients with either anti-topoisomerase-I or anti-centromere antibodies, 53 systemic sclerosis patients were investigated retrospectively. A 6-min walking distance showed no significant differences ...
Bergkamp Donna - - 2012
The study first assessed comfort levels of physical and occupational therapists who provide burn care prior to a hands-on intervention, then assessed therapists' confidence levels following an educational intervention. Physical and occupational therapists who previously treated burn survivors were invited to complete a preworkshop confidence level survey. From this information, ...
Perez-Terzic Carmen M - - 2012
Analysis of extensive data has shown that exercise training provides significant impact on prevention and modification of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. In general, exercise recommendations for patients with cardiovascular diseases are based on individual aerobic capacity and comorbidities. Patients with acute syndromes benefit from participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program, ...
Finnoff Jonathan T - - 2012
Sports injuries are common and can result in significant problems, such as pain, social isolation, depression, disability (temporary or permanent), loss of income, or loss of scholarship. Further, sports injuries can predispose the athlete to future injury or degenerative disorders, for example, osteoarthritis. Therefore, a preventive approach is paramount, and ...
Verdolini Abbott Katherine - - 2012
The objective was to assess the utility of selected "resonant voice" (RV) exercises for the reduction of acute vocal fold inflammation. The hypothesis was that relatively large-amplitude, low-impact vocal fold exercises associated with RV would reduce inflammation more than spontaneous speech (SS) and possibly more than voice rest. The study ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2012
Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which is associated with high morbimortality and decreased patients' physical capacity. We evaluated the effects of an 11-week moderate-intensity exercise (treadmill) training program performed after allo-HSCT in a murine acute (aGVHD) and chronic GVHD model (cGVHD). Female ...
Al-Nassan Saad - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic moderate-intensity training in order to prevent muscle atrophy with a focus on TNF-α and atrogin-1/MAFbx as main proteolytic indicators. Hindlimb unloading model of mice received treadmill running exercise for 1 hr per day during hindlimb unloading period of ...
Marklund Peter - - 2013
The impact of a 24-h ultraendurance exercise bout on systemic and local muscle inflammatory reactions was investigated in nine experienced athletes. Blood and muscle biopsies were collected before (Pre), immediately after the exercise bout (Post), and after 28 h of recovery (Post28). Circulating blood levels of leukocytes, creatine kinase (CK), ...
White Jodii - - 2012
This investigation explored the influence of supplemental oxygen administered during the recovery periods of an interval-based running session on the post-exercise markers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation. Ten well-trained male endurance athletes completed two sessions of 10 × 3 min running intervals at 85 % of the maximal oxygen consumption velocity (vVO(2peak)) ...
Pereira Guilherme B - - 2013
Chronic inflammation has been identified as an important component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Inhibition of the inflammatory mediator signals is a promising strategy against insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and other problems associated with MetS. Regular exercise decreases the components associated with MetS, including inflammatory cytokines. However, the relationship between an acute ...
Majtan Juraj - - 2013
Prolonged and high-intensity exercise affects immune function and leads to an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in endurance athletes. The increased incidence of URTI symptoms may negatively affect athletic performance. Various nutritional supplements have been tested in the last decade for their ability to prevent developing of ...
Chen Kuan-Chou - - 2012
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is usually associated with cardiac apoptosis and/or cardiac hypertrophy. We hypothesized that exercise can reduce the CKD-induced cardiac damage.Methods and results: The doxorubicin-induced CKD (DRCKD) model was used in rats to compare two exercise models: 60-min running and 60-min swimming. Results indicated that in healthy ...
Sim Marc - - 2012
The effect of exercise modality and intensity on interleukin-6 (IL-6), iron status and hepcidin levels was investigated. Ten trained male triathletes performed four exercise trials, including; (a) low intensity continuous running (L-R); (b) low intensity continuous cycling (L-C); (c) high intensity interval running (H-R); and (d) high intensity interval cycling ...
Grams Samantha T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus on the indication and benefits of breathing exercises for the prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications PPCs and for the recovery of pulmonary mechanics. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review of randomized and quasi-randomized studies that assessed the effects of breathing exercises on the recovery ...
Wang Ru - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Tai Chi combines aspects of meditation and aerobic exercise. Its effect on the balance between cellular and humoral immunity, which potentiates human immunity against tumors, remains to be determined. OBJECTIVE:: The objective was to investigate the effect of a 16-week Tai Chi exercise intervention on the recovery of postsurgical ...
Aaslund Mona Kristin - - 2012
Rehabilitating walking in ambulatory patients post-stroke, with training that is safe, task-specific, intensive, and of sufficient duration, can be challenging. Some challenges can be met by using body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT). However, it is not known to what degree walking characteristics are similar during BWSTT and overground walking. In addition, ...
Navalta J W - - 2012
This investigation assessed the lymphocyte subset response to increasing intensity. Participants completed an exertion test (VO2max), and later performed a 10-min run at 76% VO2max, 5-min at 87%, and run to exhaustion at 100% intensity. Blood was sampled at rest, following each intensity, and 1-h post. Cell concentration, apoptosis (annexin ...
Ostapiuk-Karolczuk J - - 2012
The goal of the study was to clarify the sequence of cytokines and inflammatory cells in non-athletes performed an intense running exercise. Sixteen young healthy men participated in the exercise trial that involved 90-min run at 65% VO2max. The plasma concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 increased immediately ...
Tungtrongjit Yodpiti - - 2012
To compare the level of pain scores, range of motion, quadriceps strength and quality of life after TKA patients between preoperative quadriceps exercise group and usual care group. A randomized controlled trial study. From January 2011-January 2012, 60 patients undergoing primary TKA were included. The patients were randomized into two ...
Haas Tara L - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common vascular disease that reduces blood flow capacity to the legs of patients. PAD leads to exercise intolerance that can progress in severity to greatly limit mobility, and in advanced cases leads to frank ischemia with pain at rest. It is estimated that 12 ...
Gopinathan G - - 2012
Timira is a disease that can be attributed to wide range of clinical conditions starting from mild blurring of vision and having potential risk of permanent vision loss. According to the involvement of Dhatus (body elements) the condition can be grouped into two stages. The initial stage or Uttana, where ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2012
Background: Despite the association between HIV and coronary artery disease (CAD), there are no specific recommendations for the cardiovascular evaluation of the HIV-infected population. Besides being a tool for the evaluation of CAD, the exercise treadmill test (ETT) provides insights into functional capacity and autonomic function, which have been frequently ...
Grisbrook T L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The catabolic response associated with major burn injuries results in loss of lean body mass (LBM) and prolonged muscle weakness. Exercise training improves LBM and muscle strength in burn-injured children in the acute post injury phase, yet it is unknown whether adults will experience the same benefits when exercise ...
Lavoy Emily C - - 2012
Exercise alters the percentage of CD8(+)T-cells in the bloodstream expressing type 1 and type II cytokines. It is unknown if this reflects a change in cytokine expression within individual cells, or whether these observations result from the exercise-induced shift in the proportions of early/intermediate (CD27(+)) and late (CD27(-)) differentiated cells, ...
Reihmane Dace - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise intensity is of importance in the regulation of increase in pro-inflammatory molecules, but there is still a debate about the effect of duration on these molecules. Therefore, the effect of exercise duration on the serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), soluble ...
Finberg Matthew - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assessed the efficacy of a one-off electro-stimulation treatment as a recovery modality from acute team sport exercise; directly comparing the benefits to contrast water therapy. METHODS: Ten moderately trained male athletes completed a simulated team-game circuit (STGC). At the conclusion of exercise, participants then completed a 30 min ...
Cappelli K - - 2012
Athletic performance is both a stress factor and an adaptive response to exercise that may be modulated by training, reduce inflammation and help prevent disease. Studies on the endocrinology of exercise and training have demonstrated the existence of an integrated metabolic network of hormone and cytokine regulation. Subsequent molecular studies ...
Many G M - - 2012
Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation plays a role in the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Habitual endurance exercise training reduces the risk of CV disease in part through anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of age, endurance training status, and their interaction on pro-inflammatory plasma ...
Chamorro Carolina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an intensive therapy used to improve survivorship and cure various oncologic diseases. However, this therapy is associated with high mortality rates and numerous negative side-effects. The recovery of the immune system is a special concern and plays a key role in the success ...
Ostermann Stefanie - - 2012
Maintaining and improving fitness are associated with a lower risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease. Patients with schizophrenia are known to exercise less and have poorer health behaviors than average. Physical fitness and physiological regulation during exercise tasks have not been investigated to date among patients with schizophrenia. We ...
Liakos Charalampos I - - 2012
Arterial hypertension is an established risk factor for acute coronary syndromes, and physical exertion may trigger the onset of such an event. The mechanisms involved include the rupture of a small, inflamed, coronary plaque and the activation of thrombogenic factors. Blood pressure (BP)-lowering treatment has been associated with beneficial effects ...
Nowak W N - - 2012
Exercise training remains a therapy of choice in intermittent claudication (IC). However, too exhaustive exercise may cause ischaemic injury and inflammatory response. We tested the impact of three-month treadmill training and single treadmill exercise on antioxidant gene expressions, cytokine concentrations and number of marrow-derived proangiogenic progenitor cells (PPC) in the ...
Corbo Giuseppe Maria - - 2012
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system have been described in subjects with severe disease. We studied heart rate variability (HRV) in COPD patients at rest and during the 6-minute Walk Test (6mWT) and the association with ...
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