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Results 301 - 350 of 1493
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Hunter Gary R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults. METHODS: Seventy-two women, 60 - 74 years old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1 day/week ...
Mathur Shishir - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Physical exercise up-regulates telomere-stabilizing proteins in mice, suggesting that physical activity affects telomere length. Several human studies assessing the relationship between physical activity, measured by health or activity surveys, and telomere length have produced conflicting results. The present study sought to explore the association between telomere length ...
Kerasioti Efthalia - - 2013
Intense exercise induces increased levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a special cake (consisting of carbohydrate to whey protein 3.5:1) vs an isocaloric carbohydrate cake on inflammatory markers after exhaustive cycling in humans. Nine subjects received either the ...
Lovatel Gisele Agustini - - 2013
It has been described that exercise can modulate both inflammatory response and epigenetic modifications, although the effect of exercise on these parameters during the normal brain aging process yet remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of aging and treadmill exercise on inflammatory and epigenetic parameters specifically pro and ...
Basta Piotr - - 2013
This investigation examined the effect of supplementation with Biostimine® (extract from Aloe arborescens Mill. leaves) on the levels of prooxidant- antioxidant equilibrium markers and anti- and pro-inflammatory cytokines in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. This double-blind study included 18 members of the Polish Rowing Team. Subjects were randomly assigned to ...
Idorn L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival after the Fontan procedure shows excellent results but is associated with a persistent risk of arrhythmias and exercise intolerance. We aimed to analyze the current burden of clinically relevant arrhythmia and severe exercise intolerance in Danish Fontan patients and furthermore, to estimate the future burden from analysis ...
Bartolini Matteo - - 2013
AIMS: The 3-min SBP ratio (SBPR) was proposed to detect significant coronary artery disease (CAD), but its relationship with abnormalities detected by myocardial perfusion-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was never examined. METHODS: In 156 consecutive patients submitted to resting and exercise gated SPECT for suspect CAD, perfusion scores, ejection ...
Edwards Kate M - - 2013
The role of exercise in health is well known; here we discuss the specific role of exercise in vaccination responses. Chronic exercise or high levels of physical activity have been shown to be related to improved vaccination responses in older adults, illustrating improved immune function, and conferring potentially significant public ...
Pruscino Cathryn L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The underlying mechanism of exercise on the development of diabetes-associated neuropathic pain is not well understood. We investigated in rats whether exercise regulates the functional recovery and heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 expression in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes.METHODS:Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 ...
Normando Valéria Marques Ferreira - - 2013
Exposure to alumina dust has been recently associated with impaired lung mechanics and inflammation. We aimed at evaluating if moderate exercise training prevents these outcomes. Twenty-three female BALB/c mice (25-30g) were randomly divided in two main groups: control (C) and exercise (E), which were submitted, or not, to 15minutes of ...
Piao Chun-Shu CS Center for Shock, Trauma and Anesthesiology Research (STAR) and Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2013
Delayed secondary biochemical and cellular changes after traumatic brain injury continue for months to years, and are associated with chronic neuroinflammation and progressive neurodegeneration. Physical activity can reduce inflammation and facilitate recovery after brain injury. Here, we investigated the time-dependent effects, and underlying mechanisms of post-traumatic exercise initiation on outcome ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine if Panax notoginseng is effective in reducing pain, indicators of inflammation and muscle damage, and in turn improve performance in well trained males who underwent a bout of eccentric exercise designed to induce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). A double blind randomised ...
Van De Bruaene Alexander - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (1) changes in clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic parameters, (2) whether deterioration in exercise capacity and resting oxygen saturation (SatO2-rest) are related with adverse outcome and (3) its additional value in predicting outcome in Eisenmenger patients. METHODS: Seventy-seven (36±14years, 30% male) patients were included and prospectively followed. Changes ...
Tauler Pedro - - 2013
PURPOSE: 1) To determine the effects of caffeine supplementation on the inflammatory response (IL-6 and IL-10 levels and leukocyte numbers) induced by a 15 Km run competition and 2) to examine the effect of caffeine supplementation on the energetic metabolites as well as on the exercise induced oxidative stress. METHODS: ...
Tang Hui - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the hypothesis that aerobic exercise training inhibits the development of insulin resistance through IL-6 and probe into the possible molecular mechanism about it. METHODS: Rats were raised with high-fat diets for 8weeks to develop insulin resistance, and glucose infusion rates (GIRs) were determined by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamping to ...
Martins Daniel F - - 2013
This study investigated the involvement of the adenosinergic system in antiallodynia induced by exercise in an animal model of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I). Furthermore, we analyzed the role of the opioid receptors on exercise-induced analgesia. Ischemia/Reperfusion (IR) mice, nonexercised and exercised, received intraperitoneal injection of caffeine (10 ...
Poldervaart Judith M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To improve early diagnostic and therapeutic decision making, we designed the HEART score for chest pain patients in the emergency department (ED). HEART is an acronym of its components: History, ECG, Age, Risk factors and Troponin. Currently, many chest pain patients undergo exercise testing on the consecutive days after ...
Abedelmalek Salma - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) on circulating concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in relation to the secretory profiles of growth hormone (GH), cortisol, and testosterone during a repeated brief sprint interval exercise. Thirty healthy football players ...
Neme Ide Bernardo - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to observe the time course of muscle damage and inflammatory responses following an eccentric overload resistance-training (EO) program. 3 females (23.8 ± 2.6 years; 70.9 ± 12.7 kg; 1.6 ± 0.08 m) and 5 males (23.8 ± 2.6 years; 75.1 ± 11.2 kg; 1.8 ± 0.1 m) underwent ...
Karch Izabela - - 2013
Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease but the mechanism underlying this association is unclear. These benefits of physical activity might result from its effects on inflammation and endothelial function. We investigated whether cardiorespiratory fitness and the level of physical activity are associated with biomarkers of ...
Mangner Norman - - 2013
Inflammatory cytokines like tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) are elevated in congestive heart failure and are known to induce the production of reactive oxygen species as well as to deteriorate respiratory muscle function. Given the antioxidative effects of exercise training, the aim of the present study was to investigate if ...
Huang Kuo-Chin - - 2013
The potent anti-inflammatory activities and tissue-protective effects of freshwater clams (Corbicula fluminea) have been well reported. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of freshwater clam extract (FCE) supplementation on time to exhaustion, muscle damage, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and liver injury in rats after exhaustive exercise. ...
Begue Gwénaëlle - - 2013
Cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an essential regulator of satellite cell-mediated hypertrophic muscle growth through the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). The importance of this pathway linked to the modulation of myogenic regulatory factors expression in rat skeletal muscle undergoing hypertrophy following resistance exercise, has not ...
van de Weert-van Leeuwen Pauline Barbera - - 2013
Regular exercise is positively associated with health. It has also been suggested to exert anti-inflammatory effects. In healthy subjects, a single exercise session results in immune cell activation, which is characterized by production of immune modulatory peptides (e.g. IL-6, IL-8), a leukocytosis and enhanced immune cell functions. Upon cessation of ...
Schier Robert - - 2013
Background. Perioperative vascular function has been widely studied using noninvasive techniques that measure reactive hyperemia as a surrogate marker of vascular function. However, studies are limited to a static setting with patients tested at rest. We hypothesized that exercise would increase reactive hyperemia as measured by digital thermal monitoring (DTM) ...
Babbitt Dianne M - - 2013
African Americans have the highest prevalence of hypertension in the world which may emanate from their predisposition to heightened endothelial inflammation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 6-month aerobic exercise training (AEXT) intervention on the inflammatory biomarkers interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and endothelial microparticle ...
Hovanloo Fariborz - - 2013
Chronic and inflammatory diseases are major causes of mortality. Although the anti-inflammatory effects of exercise have been confirmed, but the effect of different types of exercise on inflammatory markers is different. The aim of this study is comparing the effects of two types of sprint interval (SIT) and continuous endurance ...
López-Sánchez Marta - - 2013
A subclinical left ventricle diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) has been described in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To evaluate the prevalence of LVDD in stable severe COPD patients, to analyze its relationship with exercise capacity and to look for its possible causes (lung hyperinflation, ventricular interdependence or inflammatory mechanisms). ...
Qutubuddin Abu - - 2013
Objective. The concept of forced exercise has drawn attention for the treatment of Parkinson's disease symptoms with anecdotal reports of success. This study sought to ascertain any significant effect of forced exercise using a motorized stationary bicycle when compared to controls on Parkinson's disease symptoms in a blinded, randomized, and ...
Huang Chi-Chang - - 2013
This study investigates whether a 12-week swimming exercise training can prevent liver damage or senescence associated biomarkers in an experimental aging model in rats. Twenty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: vehicle treatment with sedentary control (C, n = 6), aging induction with sedentary (A, n = 6), ...
Takeda Kenichi - - 2013
Upper-extremity exercise is for pulmonary rehabilitation. The 6-minute pegboard and ring test (6PBRT) was developed to evaluate arm exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to characterize the 6PBRT and evaluate its relationship with upper-extremity activities of daily living (ADLs) in ...
Botta Amy - - 2013
PGC-1α, a transcriptional coactivator, controls inflammation and mitochondrial gene expression in insulin-sensitive tissues following exercise intervention. However, attributing such effects to PGC-1α is counfounded by exercise-induced fluctuations in blood glucose, insulin or bodyweight in diabetic patients. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of PGC-1α on inflammation ...
Nunes Rafael Amorim Belo - - 2013
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of systemic inflammatory activity and may be modulated by physical fitness. Treadmill exercise testing is used to evaluate cardiovascular health through different variables including exercise capacity, heart rate and blood pressure responses. It was hypothesized that CRP levels are associated with these variables in ...
Kruijsen-Jaarsma Mirjam - - 2013
The role of exercise therapy in the rehabilitation of cancer patients and survivors is becoming increasingly important as it is thought to modulate immunity and inflammation. More knowledge about the effects of exercise on immune function in these patients is needed. Our aim is to systematically review changes in immune ...
Abbasi Asghar - - 2013
The capacity of whole blood cultures to produce cytokines in response to endotoxin (LPS) was studied in athletes before, 30 min after, 3 h after and 24 h after a half-marathon run. Eight well trained men and 8 well trained women (6 of them in the late luteal phase of ...
Sugama Kaoru - - 2013
It has been consistently shown that circulating levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and IL-10 increase remarkably following endurance exercise longer than 2 h such as marathon and triathlon races. However, no studies have compared changes in the plasma and urinary levels of these cytokines after endurance ...
Kanda Kazue - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships among delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), muscle damage and inflammatory responses to eccentric exercise and investigate the underlying mechanisms. Nine healthy males performed one-leg calf-raise exercise with their right leg on a force plate. They performed 10 sets of 40 repetitions ...
Bravi Andrea - - 2013
Although physiological (e.g., exercise) and pathological (e.g., infection) stress affecting the cardiovascular system have both been documented to be associated with a reduction in overall heart rate variability (HRV), it remains unclear if loss of HRV is ubiquitously similar across different domains of variability analysis or if distinct patterns of ...
Bote Maria Elena - - 2013
Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized in part by an elevated inflammatory status, and "modified exercise" is currently proposed as being a good therapeutic help for these patients. However, the mechanisms involved in the exercise-induced benefits are still poorly understood. The objective was to evaluate the effect of a single bout of ...
Kim Hye-Jeong - - 2013
Increased adiponectin is a result of an anti-arteriosclerotic effect and is related to the prevention of arteriosclerosis. However, it is uncertain whether cardiac rehabilitation and exercise (CRE) increase adiponectin in patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To assess the effects of CRE intervention on adiponectin in patients after ACS. Forty ...
Bennett Philippa - - 2013
Introduction: NICE stated exercise stress tests (EST) should not be used to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease in patients presenting with chest pain presumed to be of cardiac origin. Methods: A retrospective review of 209 patients with presumed cardiac chest pain was done. EST results, GRACE scores and need for ...
Perry Chava - - 2013
Endurance, marathon-type exertion is known to induce adverse changes in the immune system. Increased airway hyper-responsiveness and airway inflammation are well documented in endurance athletes and endurance exercise is considered a major risk factor for asthma in elite athletes. Yet, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still to be deduced. ...
Mitchell Cameron J - - 2013
To determine relationships between post-exercise changes in systemic [testosterone, growth hormone (GH), insulin like grow factor 1 (IGF-1) and interleukin 6 (IL-6)], or intramuscular [skeletal muscle androgen receptor (AR) protein content and p70S6K phosphorylation status] factors in a moderately-sized cohort of young men exhibiting divergent resistance training-mediated muscle hypertrophy. Twenty ...
Samjoo I A - - 2013
Background:Obesity is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation, in part because of secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, resulting into peripheral insulin resistance (IR). Increased oxidative stress is proposed to link adiposity and chronic inflammation. The effects of endurance exercise in modulating these outcomes in insulin-resistant obese adults remain unclear. We investigated the ...
Tang Clarice Y - - 2013
The aim of the study is to explore the experiences of inpatients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who participated in a very early exercise programme while acutely unwell. This qualitative study analysed responses from participant interviews as part of a mixed method trial whereby participants were ...
Malin Steven K - - 2013
Impaired glucose tolerant (IGT) adults are at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise or metformin reduce CVD risk, but the efficacy of combining treatments is unclear. To determine the effects of exercise training plus metformin (EM), compared with each treatment alone, on CVD risk factors in IGT adults. Subjects ...
Balci Birgül Donmez - - 2013
To investigate the effects of two different rehabilitation programs in acute central vestibulopathy secondary to posterior circulation stroke. A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted on 25 patients with posterior circulation stroke. Patients were instructed in routine balance and mobility exercises during the acute hospitalization period. At discharge, patients were ...
Morris Gerwyn - - 2013
'Encephalomyelitis disseminata' (multiple sclerosis) and myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) are both classified as diseases of the central nervous system by the World Health Organization. This review aims to compare the phenomenological and neuroimmune characteristics of MS with those of ME/CFS. There are remarkable phenomenological and neuroimmune overlaps between both ...
Williams Paul T - - 2013
Test whether inadequate exercise is related to sepsis mortality. Mortality surveillance of an epidemiological cohort of 155,484 National Walkers' and Runners' Health Study participants residing in the United States. Deaths were monitored for an average of 11.6-years using the National Death index through December 31, 2008. Cox proportional hazard analyses ...
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