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Results 251 - 300 of 1519
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Koblbauer Ian F - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate kinematic changes experienced during running-induced fatigue. Further, the study examined relations between kinematic changes and core endurance. Repeated measures and correlation. Seventeen novice runners participated in a running-induced fatigue protocol and underwent core endurance assessment. Participants ran at a steady state corresponding to an intensity ...
Guilhem Gaël - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Localized cooling has been proposed as an effective strategy to limit the deleterious effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on neuromuscular function. However, the literature reports conflicting results. PURPOSE:This randomized controlled trial aimed to determine the effects of a new treatment, localized air-pulsed cryotherapy (-30°C), on the recovery time-course of neuromuscular ...
Morrison M L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain if motivational techniques and a structured exercise programme can increase activity in adolescents afflicted with congenital heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: Prospective randomised controlled trial. SETTING: One hundred and forty-three patients aged 12-20 years attending the tertiary centre for paediatric cardiology in Northern Ireland. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Increase ...
Gump Brian S - - 2013
Through an unknown mechanism the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor acetaminophen (APAP) alters tendon mechanical properties in humans when consumed during exercise. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced by tendon during exercise and is a potent stimulator of collagen synthesis. In non-tendon tissue, IL-6 is upregulated in presence of COX-inhibitors and may contribute to ...
Soares-Miranda Luisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial on Physical Activity in Pediatric Cancer (PAPEC) was designed to assess the impact of an exercise program on pediatric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy for solid tumors. METHODS AND DESIGN: 60 pediatric patients of both sexes, aged 4 to 18years and undergoing treatment for extracranial primary ...
Gladwell Peter William - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: First, to explore the experiences of people with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) of rehabilitation therapies so as to build an understanding of reasons for the discrepancy between the notably mixed experiences regarding effectiveness reported in patient surveys and the RCT evidence about the efficacy of Graded Exercise ...
Frohman Teresa C - - 2013
In the late 19(th) century, Wilhelm Uhthoff reported on a series of patients with acute optic neuritis who manifested similar recurrent, stereotyped visual symptoms that were of paroxysmal onset, short in duration, and reversible. These 'Uhthoff's phenomena', which are a feature of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other demyelinating diseases, can ...
Hussey Sophie E SE Department of Physiology, The University of Melbourne, - - 2013
Exercise training alters protein abundance in the muscle of healthy individuals, but the effect of exercise on these proteins in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine how exercise training alters the skeletal muscle proteome in patients with T2D. Biopsies of ...
Jackson A E - - 2013
iPAM (intelligent Pneumatic Arm Movement) is a dual robot system for providing assistive upper-limb exercise to people with arm weakness as a result of stroke. This paper highlights refinements made to the system in the development of iPAM MkII. The rationale of an on-going random control trial using the iPAM ...
Jee Haemi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the changes in endothelial and inflammatory markers in middle-aged male runners with exercise-induced hypertension (EIH) at baseline and at 100-km, 200-km, and 308-km checkpoints during a prolonged endurance ultramarathon. DESIGN: Among a total of 62 ultramarathon volunteers, 8 with systolic blood ...
Braam Awe - - 2013
Fatigue in the immune mediated inflammatory disease sarcoidosis is thought to be associated with impaired exercise tolerance. This prospective study assessed fatigue and recuperative capacity after repeated exercise, and examined whether changing concentrations in biomarkers upon exercise are associated with fatigue. Twenty sarcoidosis patients and 10 healthy volunteers performed maximal ...
Cook Marc D MD Departments of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, United States; Integrative Immunology and Behavior Group, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, United - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether exercise training reduced inflammation and symptomology in a mouse model of colitis. We hypothesized that moderate forced treadmill running (FTR) or voluntary wheel running (VWR) would reduce colitis symptoms and colon inflammation in response to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Male C57Bl/6J ...
Darawad Muhammad W - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate Jordanian end-stage renal disease (ESRD)patients' perceived exercise benefits and barriers, and their correlation with patients' demographic variables and dialysis measures. METHODS: A descriptive correlational study was conducted using cross-sectional survey, using a convenience sample of 190 ESRD dialyzed patients who were recruited from eight hospitals in Jordan. ...
Saleem Ayesha A School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Muscle Health Research Centre, York University, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
The major tumour suppressor protein p53 plays an important role in maintaining mitochondrial content and function in skeletal muscle. p53 has been shown to reside in the mitochondria complexed with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA); however, the physiological repercussions of mitochondrial p53 remain unknown. We endeavoured to elucidate whether an acute bout ...
Andrew Nadine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Australian football is a popular sport in Australia, at both the community and elite levels. It is a high-speed contact sport with a higher incidence of medically treated injuries when compared with most other organized sports. Hamstring injuries, ligament injuries to the knee or ankle, hip/groin injuries and tendinopathies ...
Bonapace Stefano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: An increased aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, is associated with poor prognosis in various diseases. In patients with heart failure (HF), an increased aortic PWV is associated with low peak exercise oxygen consumption, which is a strong risk factor of adverse clinical outcomes. However, ...
Gomes da Silva Sérgio - - 2013
Aging is often accompanied by cognitive decline, memory impairment and an increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative disorders. Most of these age-related alterations have been associated with deleterious processes such as changes in the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Indeed, higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and lower levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines are found ...
Wells Adam J - - 2013
Phosphatidylserine (PS) may attenuate the adverse effects of physical fatigue. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a multi-ingredient supplement containing 400 mg/d PS and 100 mg/d caffeine (supplement [SUP]) for 2 weeks on measures of cognitive function (CF), reaction time (RT), and mood (MD) following an acute exercise stress. It ...
Axelsson Anna - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim was to assess serial measurements of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTNT) post-exercise in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Twelve patients with positive coronary angiograms (CAD positives) and 12 controls performed an exercise stress test. Results: CAD positive had higher baseline and peak concentrations ...
Enos Reilly T - - 2013
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used by athletes to reduce exercise-induced inflammation and pain. However, NSAID use has been linked to side effects, including mucosal damage in the gastrointestinal tract resulting in endotoxemia and inflammation. Incidentally, when NSAID use is combined with exercise there is some evidence that this ...
Finberg Matthew - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of a 1-off electrostimulation treatment as a recovery modality from acute team-sport exercise, directly comparing the benefits to contrast water therapy. Methods: Ten moderately trained male athletes completed a simulated team-game circuit (STGC). At the conclusion of exercise, participants then completed a 30-min recovery modality ...
O'Keefe Julia - - 2013
The "Nuss" repair is done for correction of moderate to severe pectus excavatum (PE). The long term cardiopulmonary and psychosocial effects of repair are uncertain. The objective of this study was to compare cardiopulmonary function and subjective evaluation of appearance and exercise tolerance pre-bar insertion with post-bar removal. All patients ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exercise creates a variety of psychophysical effects, including altered pain perception. We investigated whether physical exercise reduces postincisional pain and cytokine and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NR1) expression in a rat model of skin/muscle incision and retraction (SMIR)-evoked pain. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: sham ...
Santaularia Núria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, several studies have assessed the value of cardiac rehabilitation as secondary prevention and have reported substantial reductions in readmissions. However, conclusive evidence is scarce. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a supervised exercise training program for improving percentages of hospital readmission for cardiac ...
Kim Dae-Young - - 2013
Apoptotic neuronal cell death in the retina is a hallmark of diabetic retinopathy. Exercise has been recommended for the alleviation of symptoms in patients with diabetes. In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on apoptosis in the retinas of diabetic rats was investigated. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal ...
Luks Vanessa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is little data on the effect of exercise on markers of airway inflammation in human asthmatics. The main objective of this review is to determine the effects of physical training on markers of airway inflammation in animal models of asthma. METHODS: A peer reviewed search was applied to ...
Hazell Tom J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine if a moderate intensity whole-body vibration (WBV) body mass resistive exercise session causes additional muscle damage, soreness and inflammation compared to the same exercise session without vibration (NoV). Ten recreationally active male university students completed two separate 24 h study periods incorporating ...
Bessa Artur - - 2013
Biomarkers of inflammation, muscle damage, and oxidative stress following high-intensity exercise have been described previously; however, further understanding of their role in the post-exercise recovery period is necessary. Because these markers have been implicated in cell signaling, they may specifically related to the training adaptations induced by high-intensity exercise. Thus, ...
Ward Nathan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The physical activity levels of adult patients with cystic fibrosis hospitalised for an acute respiratory exacerbation is unknown. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken. Physical activity levels were measured for a 24-h period using an activity monitor (SenseWear(®) Pro 3) during hospitalisation for an acute respiratory exacerbation and ...
Gaitan-Sierra Carolina - - 2013
Eighty participants took part in a 5-day intervention Qi Gong study to enhance well-being and were randomised to either positive or body focus and either high or low hand position. The high hand position improved negative affect and was reported more intrinsically motivating but was unrelated to perceived effort. Positive ...
Messias Leandro Rocha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 1β (IL 1β) levels are associated with prognosis in heart failure. The cardiac adrenergic activity as assessed by metaiodobenzylguanidine (I123 MIBG) scintigraphy along with exercise parameters are important predictors of prognosis. The relationship between these variables is not fully established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of IL 1β ...
So Wi-Young - - 2013
Elastic band exercise is considered as an effective and safe resistance type of exercise. However, there is a paucity of knowledge of the physiological effect of long-term elastic band exercise in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week elastic band exercise program ...
Franco R Lee - - 2013
Chronic exercise is thought to improve endothelium-dependent vasodilation; however, few studies have evaluated the effects of acute exercise on microvascular vasodilatory capacity (MVC). Moreover, no studies have compared MVC responses in obese and non-obese individuals following acute exercise. To evaluate MVC, utilizing forearm blood flow (FBF) and excess blood flow ...
Kippelen Pascale - - 2013
This article presents the various potential mechanisms responsible for the development of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Although the etiology of EIB is multifactorial, and the physiologic processes involved may vary between individuals (especially between those with and without asthma), drying of the small airways with an associated inflammatory response seems prerequisite ...
Fortes Matthew B - - 2013
PURPOSE: It remains unclear whether exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) increases heat strain during subsequent exercise-heat-stress, which in-turn may increase the risk of exertional heat illness (EHI). We examined heat strain during exercise-heat-stress 30 min after EIMD to coincide with increases in circulating pyrogens (e.g. interleukin (IL)-6) and 24 h after ...
Soares Fabiano Henrique Rodrigues - - 2013
Overwhelming data support the relationship between physical inactivity and inflammatory processes underlying metabolic disorders. The aim of this review was to assess critically the body of evidence for the relationships between exercise protocols and levels of inflammatory biomarkers in women. Systematic literature searches using PubMed Medline, Cochrane Central Register of ...
Marandi Sayyed Mohammad - - 2013
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disabling chronic disease of the nervous system in which the myelin system of the central nervous system is deteriorated. The objective of this study is to understand the effect of Pilates exercises and aquatic training for a 12 week period on the dynamic balance of ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2013
The shiitake (Lentinus edodes) extract is purported to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties due to presence of many bioactive compounds such as ergothioneine. This study was designed to assess the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of shiitake extract in healthy men exposed to exercise-induced skeletal muscles damage. Subjects ingested ...
Bilski J - - 2013
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are both chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) characterized by a cyclical nature, which alternates between active and quiescent states, ultimately impairing a patients' quality of life. The etiology of IBD is not known but it likely involves a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental risk ...
Sim Marc - - 2013
The effect of exercise modality and intensity on Interleukin-6 (IL-6), iron status, and hepcidin levels was investigated. Ten trained male triathletes performed 4 exercise trials including low-intensity continuous running (L-R), low-intensity continuous cycling (L-C), high-intensity interval running (H-R), and high-intensity interval cycling (H-C). Both L-R and L-C consisted of 40 ...
Sun Jian-Ling - - 2013
To study the response of the cardiovascular system, to exercise tolerance in-patients over 75 years old with coronary heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the significance of the parameters of the treadmill exercise test (TET). 110 patients received TET and coronary artery angiography. They were divided into two groups: the elderly ...
Bovin Ann - - 2013
To investigate the added value of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy imaging (MPI) in consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and a recent, normal exercise electrocardiography (ECG). This study was a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients referred for MPI during a 2-year period from 2006-2007 at one clinic. All eligible ...
Arbelo Manuel - - 2013
Between 1999 and 2005, 233 stranded cetaceans (comprising 19 species) were reported in the waters of the Canary Islands. Of these, 138/233 (59.2%) were subjected to a complete or partial standardized necropsy, including 4 Balaenopteridae, 9 Physeteridae, 8 Kogiidae, 27 Ziphiidae and 90 Delphinidae. Of these, 46/138 (33.3%) cetaceans were ...
Rakel David D Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA. - - 2013
Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is among the most common, debilitating and expensive human illnesses. The purpose of this study was to assess ARI-related costs and determine if mindfulness meditation or exercise can add value. One hundred and fifty-four adults ≥50 years from Madison, WI for the 2009-10 cold/flu season were ...
Serner Andreas - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise programmes are used in the prevention and treatment of adductor-related groin injuries in soccer; however, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the intensity of frequently used exercises. OBJECTIVE: Primarily to investigate muscle activity of adductor longus during six traditional and two new hip adduction exercises. Additionally, to ...
You Tongjian - - 2013
Chronic, systemic inflammation is an independent risk factor for several major clinical diseases. In obesity, circulating levels of inflammatory markers are elevated, possibly due to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from several tissues/cells, including macrophages within adipose tissue, vascular endothelial cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Recent evidence supports that ...
Lainscak Mitja - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hospitalizations due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a major burden for patient and healthcare system. Extra-pulmonary needs and resulting interventions are poorly investigated. RECENT FINDINGS: COPD induces nutritional issues, body composition changes and limits patient exercise capacity. The COPD patient journey can be ...
Ylinen J - - 2013
Background:Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most common indication for shoulder operation. However, exercise therapy for the conservative treatment is recommended in the first instance. Aim: To evaluate the implementation of exercise therapy in impingement syndrome. Design: Retrospective study using structured postal questionnaire and data collected from hospital archive. Methods: A ...
Supino Phyllis G - - 2013
Exercise duration during exercise treadmill testing (ETT) predicts long-term outcome among asymptomatic patients with mitral regurgitation. However, the prognostic value of preoperative exercise duration in patients who undergo mitral valve surgery is unknown. We examined findings among 45 prospectively followed (average 9.2 ± 4.3 years) patients (aged 54.8 ± 12.0 ...
Reihmane Dace D a Rīga Stradiņš University , Riga , - - 2014
Abstract Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that exerts its modulatory effects on cells that express membrane bound IL-6 receptors; however, IL-6 in a complex with soluble IL-6R can bind to any cell that express glycoprotein 130 (gp130). Thus, all cell types may respond to the pro- as well as ...
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