Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1496
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Wells Adam J - - 2013
Phosphatidylserine (PS) may attenuate the adverse effects of physical fatigue. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a multi-ingredient supplement containing 400 mg/d PS and 100 mg/d caffeine (supplement [SUP]) for 2 weeks on measures of cognitive function (CF), reaction time (RT), and mood (MD) following an acute exercise stress. It ...
Axelsson Anna - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim was to assess serial measurements of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTNT) post-exercise in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Twelve patients with positive coronary angiograms (CAD positives) and 12 controls performed an exercise stress test. Results: CAD positive had higher baseline and peak concentrations ...
Enos Reilly T - - 2013
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used by athletes to reduce exercise-induced inflammation and pain. However, NSAID use has been linked to side effects, including mucosal damage in the gastrointestinal tract resulting in endotoxemia and inflammation. Incidentally, when NSAID use is combined with exercise there is some evidence that this ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exercise creates a variety of psychophysical effects, including altered pain perception. We investigated whether physical exercise reduces postincisional pain and cytokine and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NR1) expression in a rat model of skin/muscle incision and retraction (SMIR)-evoked pain. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: sham ...
O'Keefe Julia - - 2013
The "Nuss" repair is done for correction of moderate to severe pectus excavatum (PE). The long term cardiopulmonary and psychosocial effects of repair are uncertain. The objective of this study was to compare cardiopulmonary function and subjective evaluation of appearance and exercise tolerance pre-bar insertion with post-bar removal. All patients ...
Santaularia Núria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, several studies have assessed the value of cardiac rehabilitation as secondary prevention and have reported substantial reductions in readmissions. However, conclusive evidence is scarce. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a supervised exercise training program for improving percentages of hospital readmission for cardiac ...
Kim Dae-Young - - 2013
Apoptotic neuronal cell death in the retina is a hallmark of diabetic retinopathy. Exercise has been recommended for the alleviation of symptoms in patients with diabetes. In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on apoptosis in the retinas of diabetic rats was investigated. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal ...
Luks Vanessa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is little data on the effect of exercise on markers of airway inflammation in human asthmatics. The main objective of this review is to determine the effects of physical training on markers of airway inflammation in animal models of asthma. METHODS: A peer reviewed search was applied to ...
Hazell Tom J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine if a moderate intensity whole-body vibration (WBV) body mass resistive exercise session causes additional muscle damage, soreness and inflammation compared to the same exercise session without vibration (NoV). Ten recreationally active male university students completed two separate 24 h study periods incorporating ...
Bessa Artur - - 2013
Biomarkers of inflammation, muscle damage, and oxidative stress following high-intensity exercise have been described previously; however, further understanding of their role in the post-exercise recovery period is necessary. Because these markers have been implicated in cell signaling, they may specifically related to the training adaptations induced by high-intensity exercise. Thus, ...
Ward Nathan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The physical activity levels of adult patients with cystic fibrosis hospitalised for an acute respiratory exacerbation is unknown. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken. Physical activity levels were measured for a 24-h period using an activity monitor (SenseWear(®) Pro 3) during hospitalisation for an acute respiratory exacerbation and ...
Gaitan-Sierra Carolina - - 2013
Eighty participants took part in a 5-day intervention Qi Gong study to enhance well-being and were randomised to either positive or body focus and either high or low hand position. The high hand position improved negative affect and was reported more intrinsically motivating but was unrelated to perceived effort. Positive ...
Messias Leandro Rocha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 1β (IL 1β) levels are associated with prognosis in heart failure. The cardiac adrenergic activity as assessed by metaiodobenzylguanidine (I123 MIBG) scintigraphy along with exercise parameters are important predictors of prognosis. The relationship between these variables is not fully established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of IL 1β ...
So Wi-Young - - 2013
Elastic band exercise is considered as an effective and safe resistance type of exercise. However, there is a paucity of knowledge of the physiological effect of long-term elastic band exercise in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week elastic band exercise program ...
Franco R Lee - - 2013
Chronic exercise is thought to improve endothelium-dependent vasodilation; however, few studies have evaluated the effects of acute exercise on microvascular vasodilatory capacity (MVC). Moreover, no studies have compared MVC responses in obese and non-obese individuals following acute exercise. To evaluate MVC, utilizing forearm blood flow (FBF) and excess blood flow ...
Kippelen Pascale - - 2013
This article presents the various potential mechanisms responsible for the development of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Although the etiology of EIB is multifactorial, and the physiologic processes involved may vary between individuals (especially between those with and without asthma), drying of the small airways with an associated inflammatory response seems prerequisite ...
Fortes Matthew B - - 2013
PURPOSE: It remains unclear whether exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) increases heat strain during subsequent exercise-heat-stress, which in-turn may increase the risk of exertional heat illness (EHI). We examined heat strain during exercise-heat-stress 30 min after EIMD to coincide with increases in circulating pyrogens (e.g. interleukin (IL)-6) and 24 h after ...
Soares Fabiano Henrique Rodrigues - - 2013
Overwhelming data support the relationship between physical inactivity and inflammatory processes underlying metabolic disorders. The aim of this review was to assess critically the body of evidence for the relationships between exercise protocols and levels of inflammatory biomarkers in women. Systematic literature searches using PubMed Medline, Cochrane Central Register of ...
Marandi Sayyed Mohammad - - 2013
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disabling chronic disease of the nervous system in which the myelin system of the central nervous system is deteriorated. The objective of this study is to understand the effect of Pilates exercises and aquatic training for a 12 week period on the dynamic balance of ...
Bilski J - - 2013
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are both chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) characterized by a cyclical nature, which alternates between active and quiescent states, ultimately impairing a patients' quality of life. The etiology of IBD is not known but it likely involves a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental risk ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2013
The shiitake (Lentinus edodes) extract is purported to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties due to presence of many bioactive compounds such as ergothioneine. This study was designed to assess the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of shiitake extract in healthy men exposed to exercise-induced skeletal muscles damage. Subjects ingested ...
Sun Jian-Ling - - 2013
To study the response of the cardiovascular system, to exercise tolerance in-patients over 75 years old with coronary heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the significance of the parameters of the treadmill exercise test (TET). 110 patients received TET and coronary artery angiography. They were divided into two groups: the elderly ...
Bovin Ann - - 2013
To investigate the added value of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy imaging (MPI) in consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and a recent, normal exercise electrocardiography (ECG). This study was a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients referred for MPI during a 2-year period from 2006-2007 at one clinic. All eligible ...
Arbelo Manuel - - 2013
Between 1999 and 2005, 233 stranded cetaceans (comprising 19 species) were reported in the waters of the Canary Islands. Of these, 138/233 (59.2%) were subjected to a complete or partial standardized necropsy, including 4 Balaenopteridae, 9 Physeteridae, 8 Kogiidae, 27 Ziphiidae and 90 Delphinidae. Of these, 46/138 (33.3%) cetaceans were ...
Rakel David - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is among the most common, debilitating and expensive human illnesses. The purpose of this study was to assess ARI-related costs and determine if mindfulness meditation or exercise can add value. METHODS: Fifty-four adults ≥50 years from Madison, WI for the 2009-10 cold/flu season were ...
Serner Andreas - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise programmes are used in the prevention and treatment of adductor-related groin injuries in soccer; however, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the intensity of frequently used exercises. OBJECTIVE: Primarily to investigate muscle activity of adductor longus during six traditional and two new hip adduction exercises. Additionally, to ...
You Tongjian - - 2013
Chronic, systemic inflammation is an independent risk factor for several major clinical diseases. In obesity, circulating levels of inflammatory markers are elevated, possibly due to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from several tissues/cells, including macrophages within adipose tissue, vascular endothelial cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Recent evidence supports that ...
Lainscak Mitja - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hospitalizations due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a major burden for patient and healthcare system. Extra-pulmonary needs and resulting interventions are poorly investigated. RECENT FINDINGS: COPD induces nutritional issues, body composition changes and limits patient exercise capacity. The COPD patient journey can be ...
Ylinen J - - 2013
Background:Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most common indication for shoulder operation. However, exercise therapy for the conservative treatment is recommended in the first instance. Aim: To evaluate the implementation of exercise therapy in impingement syndrome. Design: Retrospective study using structured postal questionnaire and data collected from hospital archive. Methods: A ...
Supino Phyllis G - - 2013
Exercise duration during exercise treadmill testing (ETT) predicts long-term outcome among asymptomatic patients with mitral regurgitation. However, the prognostic value of preoperative exercise duration in patients who undergo mitral valve surgery is unknown. We examined findings among 45 prospectively followed (average 9.2 ± 4.3 years) patients (aged 54.8 ± 12.0 ...
Reihmane Dace D a Rīga Stradiņš University , Riga , - - 2014
Abstract Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that exerts its modulatory effects on cells that express membrane bound IL-6 receptors; however, IL-6 in a complex with soluble IL-6R can bind to any cell that express glycoprotein 130 (gp130). Thus, all cell types may respond to the pro- as well as ...
Leeder J D C - - 2013
PURPOSE: This investigation aimed to 1) ascertain a detailed physiological profile of recovery from intermittent sprint exercise on athletes familiar with the exercise, and 2) investigate if athletes receive a protective effect on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), inflammation and oxidative stress following a repeated exposure to an identical ...
Paulson Thomas Aw - - 2013
Purpose: A complete spinal cord injury (SCI) above the 6 thoracic vertebra (T6) results in the loss of sympathetic innervation of the adrenal medulla. This study examined the effect of a complete SCI above and below T6 on plasma concentrations of epinephrine, circulating interleukin (IL)-6 and other inflammatory cytokines in ...
Barnes Jill N JN Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
Recently, several high-impact reviews suggest that regular aerobic exercise is beneficial for maintaining cognitive function in aging adults. Higher cerebral blood flow and/or cerebrovascular reactivity may explain the favorable effect of exercise on cognition. In addition, prostaglandin-mediated vasodilator responses may be influenced by regular exercise. Therefore, our purpose was to ...
Arjunan Saravana Pillai - - 2013
PURPOSE: South Asians have a higher than average risk of coronary heart disease. The reasons for this are unclear but physical inactivity and/or poor responsiveness to exercise may play a role. This study compared the effect of prior exercise on postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG), glucose, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble intercellular ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2013
To compare the cytokine response to exhaustive running in recreationally-active (RA) and endurance-trained (ET) men. Eleven RA men (VO2max 55 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) and 10 ET men (VO2max 68 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) followed a controlled diet and refrained from volitional exercise for 8 days. On the fourth day, participants completed 60 min of treadmill running (65 % VO2max), followed ...
Kuchar Ernest - - 2013
Elite athletes have a higher prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction than the general population. The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is not fully elucidated. Increasing evidence suggests that airway inflammation plays a major role in the immunopathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. The aim of our review is to discuss existing evidence and to ...
Sandvik Asle M - - 2013
Psychological hardiness characterizes people who remain healthy under psychosocial stress. The present exploratory study investigates possible links between hardiness and several immune and neuroendocrine markers: IL-6, IL-12, IL-4, IL-10, & neuropeptide-Y. A total of 21 Norwegian navy cadets were studied in the context of a highly stressful military field exercise. ...
Pilutti Lara A - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated neurodegenerative disease that results in a myriad of physical and mental symptoms. Current disease-modifying therapies do not prevent long-term disability accumulation and are particularly ineffective for patients with a progressive disease onset. Exercise may represent an alternative strategy for managing symptoms and disability accumulation, ...
O'Neill Hayley Maree - - 2013
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) increases glucose uptake in resting skeletal muscle. IL-6 is released from skeletal muscle during exercise; however; it is not known whether this IL-6 response is important for exercise-induced increases in skeletal muscle glucose uptake. We report that IL-6 knockout (KO) mice, four months of age, have similar body ...
Handzlik Michal K - - 2013
Highly trained athletes are associated with high resting antigen-stimulated whole blood culture interleukin (IL)-10 production. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of training status on resting circulating T regulatory (T(reg)) cell counts and antigen-stimulated IL-10 production and the effect of acute bout of exercise on ...
Guinan E - - 2013
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer development and recurrence. There are several hypothesised mechanisms for this including positive effects on metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers and favourable changes in anthropometric variables. This pilot study examined the effect of an 8-week aerobic exercise intervention on several ...
Pereira Daniele Sirineu - - 2013
High levels of inflammatory mediators are associated with reduced physical capabilities and muscle function in the elderly. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may affect the expression and synthesis of these molecules, thus influencing the intensity of the inflammatory response and susceptibility to certain diseases. Physical exercise may attenuate age-related chronic inflammation ...
McGarvey Aoife C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and dysfunction can occur following neck dissection surgery for cancer. These conditions often are due to accessory nerve injury. Such an injury leads to trapezius muscle weakness, which, in turn, alters scapular biomechanics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess which strengthening exercises incur the ...
Steib Simon S Institute of Sport Science and Sport, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2013
Sensorimotor control is impaired after ankle injury and in fatigued conditions. However, little is known about fatigue-induced alterations of postural control in athletes who have experienced an ankle sprain in the past. To investigate the effect of fatiguing exercise on static and dynamic balance abilities in athletes who have successfully ...
Kinoshita T - - 2013
Study design:Case series.Objectives:To investigate the effects of wheelchair basketball game on plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP) and blood cell counts in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:The 2009 Mei-shin League of Wheelchair Basketball Games held at Wakayama, Japan.Participants:Five wheelchair basketball players with SCI voluntarily participated ...
Yazwinski M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The endurance sled dog is the ultimate endurance athlete in which to examine the exercise-associated acute phase and myokine responses that might be related to changes in muscle metabolism and damage. An inciting cause for increased C-reactive protein has yet to be elucidated, which might involve interleukin-6 and other ...
O'Doherty A F - - 2013
Reduced physical fitness is associated with increased risk of complications after intra-cavity surgery. Aerobic exercise training interventions improve physical fitness in clinical populations. However, it is unclear whether implementing a preoperative aerobic exercise training intervention improves outcome after intra-cavity surgery. We conducted a systematic review (Embase and PubMed, to April ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2013
Increased muscle oxidative stress and inflammatory responses among athletes have been reported consistently. In addition, it is well known that exhaustive or unaccustomed exercise can lead to muscle fatigue, delayed-onset muscle soreness, and a decrement in performance. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to decrease the production of ...
Van Erck-Westergren E - - 2013
Given that aerobic metabolism is the predominant energy pathway for most sports, the respiratory system can be a rate-limiting factor in the exercise capacity of fit and healthy horses. Consequently, respiratory diseases, even in mild forms, are potentially deleterious to any athletic performance. The functional impairment associated with a respiratory ...
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