Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1428
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Kippelen Pascale - - 2013
This article presents the various potential mechanisms responsible for the development of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Although the etiology of EIB is multifactorial, and the physiologic processes involved may vary between individuals (especially between those with and without asthma), drying of the small airways with an associated inflammatory response seems prerequisite ...
Fortes Matthew B - - 2013
PURPOSE: It remains unclear whether exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) increases heat strain during subsequent exercise-heat-stress, which in-turn may increase the risk of exertional heat illness (EHI). We examined heat strain during exercise-heat-stress 30 min after EIMD to coincide with increases in circulating pyrogens (e.g. interleukin (IL)-6) and 24 h after ...
Soares Fabiano Henrique Rodrigues - - 2013
Overwhelming data support the relationship between physical inactivity and inflammatory processes underlying metabolic disorders. The aim of this review was to assess critically the body of evidence for the relationships between exercise protocols and levels of inflammatory biomarkers in women. Systematic literature searches using PubMed Medline, Cochrane Central Register of ...
Marandi Sayyed Mohammad - - 2013
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disabling chronic disease of the nervous system in which the myelin system of the central nervous system is deteriorated. The objective of this study is to understand the effect of Pilates exercises and aquatic training for a 12 week period on the dynamic balance of ...
Bilski J - - 2013
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are both chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) characterized by a cyclical nature, which alternates between active and quiescent states, ultimately impairing a patients' quality of life. The etiology of IBD is not known but it likely involves a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental risk ...
Zembron-Lacny A - - 2013
The shiitake (Lentinus edodes) extract is purported to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties due to presence of many bioactive compounds such as ergothioneine. This study was designed to assess the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of shiitake extract in healthy men exposed to exercise-induced skeletal muscles damage. Subjects ingested ...
Sun Jian-Ling - - 2013
To study the response of the cardiovascular system, to exercise tolerance in-patients over 75 years old with coronary heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the significance of the parameters of the treadmill exercise test (TET). 110 patients received TET and coronary artery angiography. They were divided into two groups: the elderly ...
Bovin Ann - - 2013
To investigate the added value of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy imaging (MPI) in consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and a recent, normal exercise electrocardiography (ECG). This study was a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients referred for MPI during a 2-year period from 2006-2007 at one clinic. All eligible ...
Arbelo Manuel - - 2013
Between 1999 and 2005, 233 stranded cetaceans (comprising 19 species) were reported in the waters of the Canary Islands. Of these, 138/233 (59.2%) were subjected to a complete or partial standardized necropsy, including 4 Balaenopteridae, 9 Physeteridae, 8 Kogiidae, 27 Ziphiidae and 90 Delphinidae. Of these, 46/138 (33.3%) cetaceans were ...
Rakel David - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is among the most common, debilitating and expensive human illnesses. The purpose of this study was to assess ARI-related costs and determine if mindfulness meditation or exercise can add value. METHODS: Fifty-four adults ≥50 years from Madison, WI for the 2009-10 cold/flu season were ...
Serner Andreas - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise programmes are used in the prevention and treatment of adductor-related groin injuries in soccer; however, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the intensity of frequently used exercises. OBJECTIVE: Primarily to investigate muscle activity of adductor longus during six traditional and two new hip adduction exercises. Additionally, to ...
You Tongjian - - 2013
Chronic, systemic inflammation is an independent risk factor for several major clinical diseases. In obesity, circulating levels of inflammatory markers are elevated, possibly due to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from several tissues/cells, including macrophages within adipose tissue, vascular endothelial cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Recent evidence supports that ...
Lainscak Mitja - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hospitalizations due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a major burden for patient and healthcare system. Extra-pulmonary needs and resulting interventions are poorly investigated. RECENT FINDINGS: COPD induces nutritional issues, body composition changes and limits patient exercise capacity. The COPD patient journey can be ...
Ylinen J - - 2013
Background:Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most common indication for shoulder operation. However, exercise therapy for the conservative treatment is recommended in the first instance. Aim: To evaluate the implementation of exercise therapy in impingement syndrome. Design: Retrospective study using structured postal questionnaire and data collected from hospital archive. Methods: A ...
Supino Phyllis G - - 2013
Exercise duration during exercise treadmill testing (ETT) predicts long-term outcome among asymptomatic patients with mitral regurgitation. However, the prognostic value of preoperative exercise duration in patients who undergo mitral valve surgery is unknown. We examined findings among 45 prospectively followed (average 9.2 ± 4.3 years) patients (aged 54.8 ± 12.0 ...
Reihmane Dace D a Rīga Stradiņš University , Riga , - - 2014
Abstract Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that exerts its modulatory effects on cells that express membrane bound IL-6 receptors; however, IL-6 in a complex with soluble IL-6R can bind to any cell that express glycoprotein 130 (gp130). Thus, all cell types may respond to the pro- as well as ...
Leeder J D C - - 2013
PURPOSE: This investigation aimed to 1) ascertain a detailed physiological profile of recovery from intermittent sprint exercise on athletes familiar with the exercise, and 2) investigate if athletes receive a protective effect on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), inflammation and oxidative stress following a repeated exposure to an identical ...
Barnes Jill N - - 2013
Recently, several high impact reviews suggest that regular aerobic exercise is beneficial for maintaining cognitive function in aging adults. Higher cerebral blood flow and/or cerebrovascular reactivity may explain the favorable effect of exercise on cognition. Therefore, our purpose was to evaluate middle cerebral artery (MCA) vasodilator responses in healthy adults ...
Paulson Thomas Aw - - 2013
Purpose: A complete spinal cord injury (SCI) above the 6 thoracic vertebra (T6) results in the loss of sympathetic innervation of the adrenal medulla. This study examined the effect of a complete SCI above and below T6 on plasma concentrations of epinephrine, circulating interleukin (IL)-6 and other inflammatory cytokines in ...
Arjunan Saravana Pillai - - 2013
PURPOSE: South Asians have a higher than average risk of coronary heart disease. The reasons for this are unclear but physical inactivity and/or poor responsiveness to exercise may play a role. This study compared the effect of prior exercise on postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG), glucose, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble intercellular ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2013
To compare the cytokine response to exhaustive running in recreationally-active (RA) and endurance-trained (ET) men. Eleven RA men (VO2max 55 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) and 10 ET men (VO2max 68 ± 7 mL·min-1·kg-1) followed a controlled diet and refrained from volitional exercise for 8 days. On the fourth day, participants completed 60 min of treadmill running (65 % VO2max), followed ...
Kuchar Ernest - - 2013
Elite athletes have a higher prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction than the general population. The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is not fully elucidated. Increasing evidence suggests that airway inflammation plays a major role in the immunopathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. The aim of our review is to discuss existing evidence and to ...
Sandvik Asle M - - 2013
Psychological hardiness characterizes people who remain healthy under psychosocial stress. The present exploratory study investigates possible links between hardiness and several immune and neuroendocrine markers: IL-6, IL-12, IL-4, IL-10, & neuropeptide-Y. A total of 21 Norwegian navy cadets were studied in the context of a highly stressful military field exercise. ...
Pilutti Lara A - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated neurodegenerative disease that results in a myriad of physical and mental symptoms. Current disease-modifying therapies do not prevent long-term disability accumulation and are particularly ineffective for patients with a progressive disease onset. Exercise may represent an alternative strategy for managing symptoms and disability accumulation, ...
O'Neill Hayley Maree - - 2013
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) increases glucose uptake in resting skeletal muscle. IL-6 is released from skeletal muscle during exercise; however; it is not known whether this IL-6 response is important for exercise-induced increases in skeletal muscle glucose uptake. We report that IL-6 knockout (KO) mice, four months of age, have similar body ...
Handzlik Michal K - - 2013
Highly trained athletes are associated with high resting antigen-stimulated whole blood culture interleukin (IL)-10 production. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of training status on resting circulating T regulatory (T(reg)) cell counts and antigen-stimulated IL-10 production and the effect of acute bout of exercise on ...
Guinan E - - 2013
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer development and recurrence. There are several hypothesised mechanisms for this including positive effects on metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers and favourable changes in anthropometric variables. This pilot study examined the effect of an 8-week aerobic exercise intervention on several ...
Pereira Daniele Sirineu - - 2013
High levels of inflammatory mediators are associated with reduced physical capabilities and muscle function in the elderly. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may affect the expression and synthesis of these molecules, thus influencing the intensity of the inflammatory response and susceptibility to certain diseases. Physical exercise may attenuate age-related chronic inflammation ...
McGarvey Aoife C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and dysfunction can occur following neck dissection surgery for cancer. These conditions often are due to accessory nerve injury. Such an injury leads to trapezius muscle weakness, which, in turn, alters scapular biomechanics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess which strengthening exercises incur the ...
Steib Simon S Institute of Sport Science and Sport, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2013
Sensorimotor control is impaired after ankle injury and in fatigued conditions. However, little is known about fatigue-induced alterations of postural control in athletes who have experienced an ankle sprain in the past. To investigate the effect of fatiguing exercise on static and dynamic balance abilities in athletes who have successfully ...
Kinoshita T - - 2013
Study design:Case series.Objectives:To investigate the effects of wheelchair basketball game on plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP) and blood cell counts in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:The 2009 Mei-shin League of Wheelchair Basketball Games held at Wakayama, Japan.Participants:Five wheelchair basketball players with SCI voluntarily participated ...
Yazwinski M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The endurance sled dog is the ultimate endurance athlete in which to examine the exercise-associated acute phase and myokine responses that might be related to changes in muscle metabolism and damage. An inciting cause for increased C-reactive protein has yet to be elucidated, which might involve interleukin-6 and other ...
O'Doherty A F - - 2013
Reduced physical fitness is associated with increased risk of complications after intra-cavity surgery. Aerobic exercise training interventions improve physical fitness in clinical populations. However, it is unclear whether implementing a preoperative aerobic exercise training intervention improves outcome after intra-cavity surgery. We conducted a systematic review (Embase and PubMed, to April ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2013
Increased muscle oxidative stress and inflammatory responses among athletes have been reported consistently. In addition, it is well known that exhaustive or unaccustomed exercise can lead to muscle fatigue, delayed-onset muscle soreness, and a decrement in performance. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to decrease the production of ...
Van Erck-Westergren E - - 2013
Given that aerobic metabolism is the predominant energy pathway for most sports, the respiratory system can be a rate-limiting factor in the exercise capacity of fit and healthy horses. Consequently, respiratory diseases, even in mild forms, are potentially deleterious to any athletic performance. The functional impairment associated with a respiratory ...
Patel Darpan I - - 2013
The impact of exercise on disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the clinical effects of forced wheel running on rats induced with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of MS. Female Lewis rats (n = 40) were randomly assigned to 1 of ...
Kelly Emer E Brigham & Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The authors discuss the role of inflammatory biomarkers to predict mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in this narrative literature review with expert opinion. The severity of COPD has traditionally been graded using the degree of obstruction as measured by the forced expiratory volume in 1 s because this variable ...
Christiansen Tore - - 2013
The primary aim of the present study was to investigate if overweight and obese compared to lean individuals displayed differences in levels of inflammatory markers in circulation, skeletal muscle (SM) and adipose tissue (AT) after acute exercise. Fifteen lean (BMI: 22.4 ± 2 kg/m(2)) and 16 overweight or obese (BMI 31.8 ± 3 kg/m(2)) individuals were ...
Hunter Gary R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults. METHODS: Seventy-two women, 60 - 74 years old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1 day/week ...
Mathur Shishir - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Physical exercise up-regulates telomere-stabilizing proteins in mice, suggesting that physical activity affects telomere length. Several human studies assessing the relationship between physical activity, measured by health or activity surveys, and telomere length have produced conflicting results. The present study sought to explore the association between telomere length ...
Kerasioti Efthalia - - 2013
Intense exercise induces increased levels of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a special cake (consisting of carbohydrate to whey protein 3.5:1) vs an isocaloric carbohydrate cake on inflammatory markers after exhaustive cycling in humans. Nine subjects received either the ...
Lovatel Gisele Agustini - - 2013
It has been described that exercise can modulate both inflammatory response and epigenetic modifications, although the effect of exercise on these parameters during the normal brain aging process yet remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of aging and treadmill exercise on inflammatory and epigenetic parameters specifically pro and ...
Basta Piotr - - 2013
This investigation examined the effect of supplementation with Biostimine® (extract from Aloe arborescens Mill. leaves) on the levels of prooxidant- antioxidant equilibrium markers and anti- and pro-inflammatory cytokines in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. This double-blind study included 18 members of the Polish Rowing Team. Subjects were randomly assigned to ...
Idorn L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival after the Fontan procedure shows excellent results but is associated with a persistent risk of arrhythmias and exercise intolerance. We aimed to analyze the current burden of clinically relevant arrhythmia and severe exercise intolerance in Danish Fontan patients and furthermore, to estimate the future burden from analysis ...
Bartolini Matteo - - 2013
AIMS: The 3-min SBP ratio (SBPR) was proposed to detect significant coronary artery disease (CAD), but its relationship with abnormalities detected by myocardial perfusion-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was never examined. METHODS: In 156 consecutive patients submitted to resting and exercise gated SPECT for suspect CAD, perfusion scores, ejection ...
Edwards Kate M - - 2013
The role of exercise in health is well known; here we discuss the specific role of exercise in vaccination responses. Chronic exercise or high levels of physical activity have been shown to be related to improved vaccination responses in older adults, illustrating improved immune function, and conferring potentially significant public ...
Pruscino Cathryn L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The underlying mechanism of exercise on the development of diabetes-associated neuropathic pain is not well understood. We investigated in rats whether exercise regulates the functional recovery and heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 expression in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes.METHODS:Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 ...
Piao Chun-Shu - - 2013
Delayed secondary biochemical and cellular changes after traumatic brain injury continue for months to years, and are associated with chronic neuroinflammation and progressive neurodegeneration. Physical activity can reduce inflammation and facilitate recovery after brain injury. Here, we investigated the time-dependent effects, and underlying mechanisms of post-traumatic exercise initiation on outcome ...
Normando Valéria Marques Ferreira - - 2013
Exposure to alumina dust has been recently associated with impaired lung mechanics and inflammation. We aimed at evaluating if moderate exercise training prevents these outcomes. Twenty-three female BALB/c mice (25-30g) were randomly divided in two main groups: control (C) and exercise (E), which were submitted, or not, to 15minutes of ...
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