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Moreira Neide Martins - - 2013
Trypanosoma cruzi causes neuronal myenteric depopulation compromising intestinal function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of moderate physical exercise on NADH diaphorase (NADH-d)-positive neurons in the myenteric plexus and intestinal wall of the colon in mice infected with T. cruzi. Forty 30-day-old male Swiss mice were ...
Biering-Sørensen Tor - - 2013
-Two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE) detects early signs of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction; however, it is unknown if myocardial strain analysis at rest in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris (SAP) predicts the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). -In total 296 consecutive patients with clinically suspected SAP, no previous cardiac ...
Nathan Indira - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that exercise may improve symptoms in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aims to explore issues that clinicians may need to consider when giving advice on exercise to such individuals. Limited existing evidence suggests that low to moderate physical activity may improve symptoms without ...
Hackney Anthony Carl AC Department of Exercise & Sport Sciences, Applied Physiology Laboratory, AND Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2013
The Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) is a physically debilitating medical condition that results in athletes being totally compromised in their capacity to perform and compete. Many physiological systems are affected by the process of overtraining and the development of the OTS which results from it; but one system in particular, the ...
Moreira Neide M NM Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, - - 2013
This study evaluated the influence of moderate physical exercise on the myenteric neurons in the colonic intestinal wall of mice that had been infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Parasitology and immunological aspects of the mice were considered. Forty-day-old male Swiss mice were divided into four groups: Trained Infected (TI), Sedentary Infected ...
Pozzi F - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the gold standard treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Most patients report successful long-term outcomes and reduced pain after TKA, but recovery is variable and the majority of patients continue to demonstrate lower extremity muscle weakness and functional deficits compared to age-matched control subjects. Given the ...
Quinn Lebris S - - 2013
Physical exercise induces transient upregulation of the pro-oxidative mediators PPARδ, SIRT1, PGC-1α and PGC-1β in skeletal muscle. To determine the role of the cytokine interleukin-15 (IL-15) in acute post-exercise induction of these molecules, expression of these factors following a bout of exhaustive treadmill running was examined in the gastrocnemius muscle ...
Phillips Melody D - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of an energy drink (ED) on cycling performance and immune-related variables. Eleven trained male cyclists (33.4 ± 8.9 yr, 81 ± 7.6 kg, maximal VO2 52 ± 3.4 ml[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) consumed 500 mL of 1)ED (2.0g taurine, 1.2 g ...
Coelho Flávia Gomes de Melo - - 2013
Studies indicate the involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Decreased BDNF levels may constitute a lack of trophic support and contribute to cognitive impairment in AD. The benefits of acute and chronic physical exercise on BDNF levels are well-documented in humans, however, exercise ...
Parmenter Belinda J BJ Exercise, Health and Performance Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia; Exercise Physiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, - - 2013
To assess the efficacy of whole-body progressive resistance training (PRT) as a treatment for the symptoms of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in older adults. Randomized controlled pilot trial. University clinical weight training facility in Sydney, Australia. Twenty-two older adults with symptomatic PAD. The efficacy of supervised whole-body high-intensity PRT (H-PRT) ...
Shing Cecilia M - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the effects of multi-strain probiotics supplementation on gastrointestinal permeability, systemic markers of inflammation and running performance when exercising in the heat. Ten male runners were randomized to 4 weeks of daily supplementation with a probiotics capsule (45 billion CFU of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Streptococcus strains) or ...
Knab Amy M AM a Human Performance Laboratory, Appalachian State University, North Carolina Research Campus, 600 Laureate Way, Kannapolis, NC 28081, - - 2014
A freeze-dried fruit and vegetable juice powder (JUICE) was investigated as a countermeasure nutritional strategy to exercise-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune perturbations in trained cyclists. Thirty-four cyclists (25 male, 9 female) were randomized to control (nonJUICE) or JUICE for 17 days. JUICE provided 230 mg·day(-1) of flavonoids, doubling the ...
Tajra Vitor - - 2013
Resistance exercise is used as a non-pharmacological tool to elicit both gains in and maintenance of physical function in the elderly. Thus, the present study examined the acute response of creatine kinase and interleukin-6 following an eccentric resistance exercise session in elderly obese women classified as high responders or normal ...
da Silva Ae - - 2013
BackgroundAcute exercise increases IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α levels in healthy subjects. There is no study evaluating the effect of exercise on cytokines level in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.ObjectiveOur aim was to assess IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-α levels at baseline and after acute physical exercise in patients with SLE.MethodsIn total, ...
Zhang Yang - - 2013
We designed a retrospective study of preoperative tracheal stretch exercise (TSE) before anterior cervical spine surgery. The changes of vital signs before and during the surgery and the postoperative clinical outcome were recorded and compared with none treated patients. To evaluate if the preoperative TSE is beneficial to the anterior ...
Pascoe April R - - 2013
Vaccination programs, although feted for success in reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality, are limited by vaccine efficacy, which is particularly problematic in populations with reduced immune function. Exercise has been identified as a behavioural factor that can improve immune function in some settings and cohorts, and therefore, in the ...
Schmidt Stephan - - 2013
Little is known about the sustainability of exercise effects in patients with relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS). We present the results of a prospective, observer-blinded, single-center case control study using a "pre-post" design including 89 ambulatory patients with RRMS and an EDSS score of ≤3.5 who participated in an individualized 12month ...
Andrianopoulos Vasileios - - 2013
Exercise-induced oxygen desaturation (EID) is associated with increased risk of mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Several screening tests have been proposed to predict EID, including FEV1, DLCO and baseline-SpO2. We aimed to validate a proposed cut-off of baseline-SpO2≤95% as simple screening procedure to predict EID during 6-minute walk ...
Lauersen Jeppe Bo - - 2013
Physical activity is important in both prevention and treatment of many common diseases, but sports injuries can pose serious problems. To determine whether physical activity exercises can reduce sports injuries and perform stratified analyses of strength training, stretching, proprioception and combinations of these, and provide separate acute and overuse injury ...
Biasco Luigi - - 2013
-J point elevation is common in athletes, nevertheless the influence of structural changes associated with the athlete's heart and its prognostic impact are still debated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of J point elevation, the associated clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics and its impact on long-term outcome in ...
Van Tassell Benjamin Wallace - - 2013
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a clinical syndrome of exercise intolerance due to impaired myocardial relaxation and/or increased stiffness. Patients with HFpEF often show signs of chronic systemic inflammation, and experimental studies have shown that interleukin-1 (IL-1), a key proinflammatory cytokine, impairs myocardial relaxation. The aim of ...
Jarden Mary - - 2013
Patients with acute leukemia experience a substantial symptom burden and are at risk of developing infections throughout the course of repeated cycles of intensive chemotherapy. Physical activity in recent years has been a strategy for rehabilitation in cancer patients to remedy disease and treatment related symptoms and side effects. To ...
Jamurtas A Z - - 2013
Eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage may cause marked alterations in insulin sensitivity. However, it is not entirely known whether such alterations are also related to changes in adipokine levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of muscle damage due to downhill running on inflammation, insulin sensitivity and ...
Refai Majed - - 2013
The measurement of maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax) and maximal expiratory pressure (PEmax) generated at the mouth is an accepted non-invasive clinical method for evaluating the strength of respiratory muscles. The aim of our study was to verify whether PImax and PEmax measured before and after a symptom-limited stair-climbing test are ...
Park Soo Kyung SK School of Nursing, Korea University, 145 Anam-Ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2013
Little is known about symptom clusters and their effect on outcomes in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To determine whether subgroups of patients with COPD could be identified by symptom ratings, whether they differed on selected demographic and clinical characteristics, and whether they differed on functioning, exercise capacity, ...
Nieman David C - - 2013
Functional overreaching has been linked to alterations in immunity and host pathogen defense, but little is known as to whether or not running and cycling evoke different responses. This study compared inflammation, muscle damage and soreness, and innate immune function responses to a 3-day period of intensified exercise in trained ...
van der Kolk Nicolien M - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder for which only symptomatic treatment exists. Gait and balance disturbance is common in Parkinson's disease and is a major contributor to increased disability and decreased health-related quality of life and survival. Balance and gait deficits in Parkinson's disease are notoriously difficult to treat ...
Bansi J - - 2013
The influences of exercise on cytokine response, health-related quality of life (HR-QoL), and fatigue are important aspects of MS rehabilitation. Physical exercises performed within these programs are often practiced in water, but the effects of immersion have not been investigated. To investigate the influences of short-term immune responses and cardiorespiratory ...
Hoogwegt Madelein T - - 2013
=0.004). Importantly, exercise acted as a mediator in the relationship between positive affect and mortality.Conclusions-Patients with higher levels of positive affect were more likely to exercise and had a lower risk of dying during 5-year follow-up, with exercise mediating the relationship between positive affect and mortality. Interventions aimed at increasing ...
Fernández-Verdejo R - - 2013
Active skeletal muscle synthesizes and releases interleukin-6 (IL-6), which plays important roles in the organism's adaptation to exercise. Autocrine/paracrine ATP signaling has been shown to modulate IL-6 expression. The aim of this study was to determine whether a period of physical activity modifies the ATP-induced IL-6 expression. BalbC mice were ...
Alves G N - - 2013
The acute administration of L-arginine (L-arg), a nitric oxide (NO) precursor, reduces lactate (LAC) concentration after exercise in healthy individuals. Lower concentration of L-arg may enhance the action of some inflammatory cytokines in HIV-1 infected patients. We tested the hypothesis that acute L-arg administration may reduce post-exercise blood LAC and ...
Agboola Foluso - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prior participation in preparedness exercises was predictive of better performance on objective measures of response. We conducted a statewide tabletop exercise that focused on a hazardous materials (HAZMAT) scenario and assessed performance using our developed evaluation tool. The evaluative score was ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2013
Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) is a life-threatening complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that generates considerable morbidity and compromises the physical capacity of patients. We determined the effects of an exercise training program performed after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on clinical and biological variables in a ...
Nimmo M A - - 2013
Being physically active and undertaking exercise on a regular basis are critical lifestyle behaviours which protect against the development of numerous chronic metabolic conditions. One of the key mechanisms by which physical activity exerts favourable health effects appears to be due to its capacity to reduce chronic low-grade inflammation. Single ...
Bernardes Danielle - - 2013
The interactions between a prior program of regular exercise and the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)-mediated responses were evaluated. In the exercised EAE mice, although there was no effect on infiltrated cells, the cytokine and derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels were altered, and the clinical score was attenuated. Although, ...
Menicucci Danilo - - 2013
Physical exercise represents a eustress condition that promotes rapid coordinated adjustments in the immune, stress-related hormonal and cardiovascular systems, for maintaining homeostasis in response to increased metabolic demands. Compared to the tight multisystem coordination during exercise, evidence of between-systems cross talk in the early post exercise is still lacking. This ...
Grice A - - 2013
This mixed methods study explored the frequency of sport/exercise-related injuries in nonelite sport, participant-reported management and perceptions of potential injury consequences. Focus group participants, who trained two to four times a week and had previously sustained musculoskeletal sports-related injuries, reported seeking medical advice secondary to advice from teammates or online ...
Funghetto Silvana S - - 2013
The IL-6 gene polymorphism has been associated with disease prevalence and different physiological responses to exercise. Eccentric resistance exercise (ERE) is considered a non pharmacological tool to prevent the chronic degenerative profile associated with aging and obesity. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of ...
Jansen R - - 2013
Exercise echocardiography can assess the dynamic component of mitral valve (MV) disease and may therefore be helpful for the clinical decision-making by the heart team. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of exercise echocardiography in the management of disproportionately symptomatic or otherwise atypical patients with mitral ...
Karjalainen Jaana J - - 2013
ObjectiveCardiovascular autonomic dysfunction is a common finding among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The reasons and prognostic value of autonomic dysfunction in CAD patients with T2D are not well known.Researh design and methodsWe examined the association between heart rate recovery (HRR), 24-hour HR variability ...
Almeida Alexandre Aparecido de - - 2013
It has been established that low intensities of exercise produce beneficial effects for the brain, while high intensities can cause some neuronal damage (e.g. exacerbated inflammatory response and cell death). Although these effects are documented in the mature brain, the influence of exercise intensities in the developing brain has been ...
Suprak David - - 2013
Context :  Proper scapulothoracic motion is critical for the health and function of the shoulder, and represents a principal focus in the rehabilitation setting. Variants of the traditional push-up are used frequently to help restore proper scapular kinematics. To date, substantial research has focused on muscle activation levels of rotator ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2013
Abstract The aim of the study was to determine if topical Arnica is effective in reducing pain, indicators of inflammation and muscle damage, and in turn improve performance in well-trained males experiencing delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Twenty well-trained males matched by maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]Max) completed a ...
Neunhäuserer Daniel - - 2013
Regular physical activity promotes physical and mental health. Psychiatric patients are prone to a sedentary lifestyle, and accumulating evidence has identified physical activity as a supplemental treatment option. This prospective, randomized, crossover study evaluated the effects of hiking in high-risk suicidal patients (n = 20) who performed 9 weeks of hiking ...
Pingel Jessica - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is initiated asymptomatically and is therefore often discovered at a very late stage. PURPOSE:To elucidate whether the microvascular volume (MV) of the Achilles tendon is elevated in patients with AT compared with healthy controls during pre-exercise rest, after acute exercise, and 24 hours after exercise. Additionally, this ...
Dufour Catherine A CA Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, USA, - - 2013
Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) remains prevalent in HIV infection. Randomized trials have shown that physical exercise improves NCI in non-HIV-infected adults, but data on HIV-infected populations are limited. Community-dwelling HIV-infected participants (n = 335) completed a comprehensive neurocognitive battery that was utilized to define both global and domain-specific NCI. Participants were divided into ...
Scheler Mika - - 2013
Muscle contraction during exercise is a major stimulus for the release of peptides and proteins (myokines) that are supposed to take part in the beneficial adaptation to exercise. We hypothesize that application of an in vitro exercise stimulus as electric pulse stimulation (EPS) to human myotubes enables the investigation of ...
Bayraktar Deniz - - 2013
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients are often referred to aquatic physical therapy, but unfortunately, researches on the effects of aquatic therapy in MS patients are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Ai-Chi on balance, functional mobility, strength and fatigue in ambulatory patients with MS. Twenty-three ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2013
Participation in an exercise trial is a major commitment for cancer survivors, but few exercise trials have evaluated patient satisfaction with trial participation. To examine patient satisfaction with participation in the Healthy Exercise for Lymphoma Patients (HELP) Trial and to explore possible determinants. The HELP Trial randomized 122 lymphoma patients ...
Olesen Jesper J Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, August Krogh Centre, August Krogh Building, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
Age-related metabolic diseases are often associated with low-grade inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the transcriptional co-activator PGC-1α in the potential beneficial effects of exercise training and/or resveratrol in the prevention of age-associated low-grade inflammation. To address this, a long-term voluntary exercise training ...
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