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Results 151 - 200 of 1428
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Balasundaram Arun Prasad - - 2013
Athletes suspected of being concussed are frequently evaluated on the side-line for self-reported symptoms which guide subsequent management and return-to-play decisions. Concussion-like symptoms have been shown to be influenced by prior participation in physical activity; however, the potential contribution of acute exercise on symptoms is not well understood. The purpose ...
Mutin-Carnino M - - 2013
Muscles are affected by unloading during head-down bed rests and by reloading through normal reambulation. This study investigated the effects of a 60 days head-down long-term bed rest with or without predefined exercise countermeasures on the development of an inflammatory reaction.Blood samples were taken before, during and after bed rest ...
Menzies-Gow N J - - 2013
The mechanisms underlying predisposition to pasture-associated laminitis remain unclear; chronic inflammation is implicated and this may be exacerbated by physical inactivity. To determine whether exercise affects the inflammatory profile of normal and previously laminitic ponies. Prospective case-control study. The short (1 day) and longer term (14 days) effects of low ...
Amidei Christina - - 2013
Background Critical illness may weaken muscles, with long-term consequences. Objective To assess physiological responses to an early standardized passive exercise protocol to prevent muscle weakness in adults receiving mechanical ventilation. Methods A quasi-experimental within-subjects repeated-measures design was used. Within 72 hours of intubation, 30 patients had 20 minutes of bilateral ...
Suer Miranda K - - 2013
Exercise and nutritional interventions have been examined independently as countermeasures to offset the loss of skeletal muscle mass with unloading, yet a protocol to completely preserve the soleus has not been identified. Little is known regarding the combined effect of exercise and nutrition on factors regulating skeletal muscle growth. The ...
Camp Pat P James Hogg Research Centre, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia. - - 2013
Patients hospitalized with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) engage in low levels of activity, putting them at risk for relapse and future readmissions. There is little direction for health care providers regarding the parameters for safe exercise during an AECOPD that is effective for increasing activity ...
Hunter Gary R GR Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294-1250, USA. - - 2013
To examine the effects of three different frequencies of combined resistance and aerobic training on total energy expenditure (TEE) and activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) in a group of older adults. Seventy-two women, 60-74 yr old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1 d · wk(-1) of aerobic training ...
Mayo Nancy E - - 2013
Despite the commonly known benefits of exercise and physical activity evidence shows that persons Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are relatively inactive yet physical activity may be even more important in a population facing functional deterioration. No exercise is effective if it is not done and people with MS face unique barriers ...
Eleuteri Ermanno - - 2013
Abstract The pathophysiology of chronic heart failure (CHF) involves multiple hystologic and molecular alterations. To determine the effects of physical training on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), angiogenesis (angiogenin, angiopoietin-1 and -2, VEGF, Tie-2, SDF-1α) and inflammation (IL-6, CRP), we compared data obtained from 11 CHF pts before and after ...
Smylie Anne Liese - - 2013
Though potentially linked to the basic physiology of stress response we still have no clear understanding of Gulf War Illness (GWI), a debilitating condition presenting complex immune, endocrine and neurological symptoms. Here we compared male (n = 20) and female (n = 10) veterans with GWI separately against their healthy ...
Russell Aaron P - - 2013
The identification of miRNAs has established new mechanisms that control skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise. The present study investigated the mRNA regulation of components of the miRNA biogenesis pathway (Drosha, Dicer and Exportin-5), muscle enriched miRNAs, (miR-1, -133a, -133b and 206), as well as several miRNAs dysregulated in muscle myopathies ...
Hoffman Megan C MC University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2013
Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) are at risk for physical disability. The aim of this investigation was to characterize and compare physical performance among CCSs and a group of siblings age < 18 years and determine if diagnosis, treatment, and physical activity levels were associated with lower performance scores. CCSs ≥ ...
Mizutani Kenmei - - 2013
Recently, it has become widely known that rehabilitative training after stroke brings about some improvement of paralysis and disability; however, not much is known about the relationship between paralysis recovery and the participation of plasticity-related molecules. Hence, the localization and level of expression of several proteins in the cerebral cortex ...
Keser Ilke - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the acute physiological responses (APR) to physiotherapy applications in patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), the difference between pre- and post-ASCT according to APR. Twenty-six patients who were hospitalized for ASCT attended regular physiotherapy program. APR was recorded in the beginning and at the end ...
Deminice Rafael - - 2013
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on oxidative stress and inflammation markers after acute repeated-sprint exercise in humans. Twenty-five players under age 20 y were randomly assigned to two groups: Cr supplemented and placebo. Double-blind controlled supplementation was performed using Cr (0.3 ...
Kingston Gail A - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This feasibility study sought to determine if compliance and understanding of a home exercise program following a traumatic hand injury is improved when patients are provided with a DVD and a brochure when compared to using brochures only. Method: Patients who presented with a traumatic hand injury and ...
Lee Na Kyung - - 2013
The major contributors to physical disability after stroke are the negative impairments related to loss of functional ability and muscle strength. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of close kinetic chain (CKC) exercise and open kinetic chain (OKC) exercise on muscle activation of the paretic lower ...
Gasperi Valeria - - 2013
Endocannabinoids (eCBs) and interleukin (IL)-6 levels change during physical activity, thus suggesting their involvement in the modulation of exercise-related processes like inflammation and energy homeostasis. To investigate whether lifestyle might affect the activity of the eCBs-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), active and sedentary subjects were enrolled. Plasma IL-6 ...
da Costa Santos Vanessa Batista - - 2013
The aim of this study was to test, between two bouts of exercise, the effects of light-emitting diode (LED) therapy and cryotherapy regarding muscle damage, inflammation, and performance. Male Wistar rats were allocated in four groups: control, passive recovery (PR), cryotherapy (Cryo), and LED therapy. The animals were submitted to ...
Koblbauer Ian F - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate kinematic changes experienced during running-induced fatigue. Further, the study examined relations between kinematic changes and core endurance. Repeated measures and correlation. Seventeen novice runners participated in a running-induced fatigue protocol and underwent core endurance assessment. Participants ran at a steady state corresponding to an intensity ...
Guilhem Gaël - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Localized cooling has been proposed as an effective strategy to limit the deleterious effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on neuromuscular function. However, the literature reports conflicting results. PURPOSE:This randomized controlled trial aimed to determine the effects of a new treatment, localized air-pulsed cryotherapy (-30°C), on the recovery time-course of neuromuscular ...
Morrison M L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain if motivational techniques and a structured exercise programme can increase activity in adolescents afflicted with congenital heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: Prospective randomised controlled trial. SETTING: One hundred and forty-three patients aged 12-20 years attending the tertiary centre for paediatric cardiology in Northern Ireland. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Increase ...
Gump Brian S - - 2013
Through an unknown mechanism the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor acetaminophen (APAP) alters tendon mechanical properties in humans when consumed during exercise. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced by tendon during exercise and is a potent stimulator of collagen synthesis. In non-tendon tissue, IL-6 is upregulated in presence of COX-inhibitors and may contribute to ...
Soares-Miranda Luisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial on Physical Activity in Pediatric Cancer (PAPEC) was designed to assess the impact of an exercise program on pediatric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy for solid tumors. METHODS AND DESIGN: 60 pediatric patients of both sexes, aged 4 to 18years and undergoing treatment for extracranial primary ...
Frohman Teresa C - - 2013
In the late 19(th) century, Wilhelm Uhthoff reported on a series of patients with acute optic neuritis who manifested similar recurrent, stereotyped visual symptoms that were of paroxysmal onset, short in duration, and reversible. These 'Uhthoff's phenomena', which are a feature of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other demyelinating diseases, can ...
Gladwell Peter William - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: First, to explore the experiences of people with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) of rehabilitation therapies so as to build an understanding of reasons for the discrepancy between the notably mixed experiences regarding effectiveness reported in patient surveys and the RCT evidence about the efficacy of Graded Exercise ...
Jee Haemi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the changes in endothelial and inflammatory markers in middle-aged male runners with exercise-induced hypertension (EIH) at baseline and at 100-km, 200-km, and 308-km checkpoints during a prolonged endurance ultramarathon. DESIGN: Among a total of 62 ultramarathon volunteers, 8 with systolic blood ...
Jackson A E - - 2013
iPAM (intelligent Pneumatic Arm Movement) is a dual robot system for providing assistive upper-limb exercise to people with arm weakness as a result of stroke. This paper highlights refinements made to the system in the development of iPAM MkII. The rationale of an on-going random control trial using the iPAM ...
Braam Awe - - 2013
Fatigue in the immune mediated inflammatory disease sarcoidosis is thought to be associated with impaired exercise tolerance. This prospective study assessed fatigue and recuperative capacity after repeated exercise, and examined whether changing concentrations in biomarkers upon exercise are associated with fatigue. Twenty sarcoidosis patients and 10 healthy volunteers performed maximal ...
Darawad Muhammad W - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate Jordanian end-stage renal disease (ESRD)patients' perceived exercise benefits and barriers, and their correlation with patients' demographic variables and dialysis measures. METHODS: A descriptive correlational study was conducted using cross-sectional survey, using a convenience sample of 190 ESRD dialyzed patients who were recruited from eight hospitals in Jordan. ...
Cook Marc D - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether exercise training reduced inflammation and symptomology in a mouse model of colitis. We hypothesized that moderate forced treadmill running (FTR) or voluntary wheel running (VWR) would reduce colitis symptoms and colon inflammation in response to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Male C57Bl/6J ...
Saleem Ayesha - - 2013
The major tumor suppressor protein p53 plays an important role in maintaining mitochondrial content and function in skeletal muscle. p53 has been shown to reside in the mitochondria complexed with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), however the physiological repercussions of mitochondrial p53 remain unknown. We endeavoured to elucidate whether an acute bout ...
Andrew Nadine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Australian football is a popular sport in Australia, at both the community and elite levels. It is a high-speed contact sport with a higher incidence of medically treated injuries when compared with most other organized sports. Hamstring injuries, ligament injuries to the knee or ankle, hip/groin injuries and tendinopathies ...
Bonapace Stefano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: An increased aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, is associated with poor prognosis in various diseases. In patients with heart failure (HF), an increased aortic PWV is associated with low peak exercise oxygen consumption, which is a strong risk factor of adverse clinical outcomes. However, ...
Gomes da Silva Sérgio - - 2013
Aging is often accompanied by cognitive decline, memory impairment and an increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative disorders. Most of these age-related alterations have been associated with deleterious processes such as changes in the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Indeed, higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and lower levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines are found ...
Wells Adam J - - 2013
Phosphatidylserine (PS) may attenuate the adverse effects of physical fatigue. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a multi-ingredient supplement containing 400 mg/d PS and 100 mg/d caffeine (supplement [SUP]) for 2 weeks on measures of cognitive function (CF), reaction time (RT), and mood (MD) following an acute exercise stress. It ...
Axelsson Anna - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim was to assess serial measurements of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTNT) post-exercise in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Twelve patients with positive coronary angiograms (CAD positives) and 12 controls performed an exercise stress test. Results: CAD positive had higher baseline and peak concentrations ...
Enos Reilly T - - 2013
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used by athletes to reduce exercise-induced inflammation and pain. However, NSAID use has been linked to side effects, including mucosal damage in the gastrointestinal tract resulting in endotoxemia and inflammation. Incidentally, when NSAID use is combined with exercise there is some evidence that this ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exercise creates a variety of psychophysical effects, including altered pain perception. We investigated whether physical exercise reduces postincisional pain and cytokine and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NR1) expression in a rat model of skin/muscle incision and retraction (SMIR)-evoked pain. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: sham ...
O'Keefe Julia - - 2013
The "Nuss" repair is done for correction of moderate to severe pectus excavatum (PE). The long term cardiopulmonary and psychosocial effects of repair are uncertain. The objective of this study was to compare cardiopulmonary function and subjective evaluation of appearance and exercise tolerance pre-bar insertion with post-bar removal. All patients ...
Santaularia Núria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, several studies have assessed the value of cardiac rehabilitation as secondary prevention and have reported substantial reductions in readmissions. However, conclusive evidence is scarce. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a supervised exercise training program for improving percentages of hospital readmission for cardiac ...
Kim Dae-Young - - 2013
Apoptotic neuronal cell death in the retina is a hallmark of diabetic retinopathy. Exercise has been recommended for the alleviation of symptoms in patients with diabetes. In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on apoptosis in the retinas of diabetic rats was investigated. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal ...
Luks Vanessa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is little data on the effect of exercise on markers of airway inflammation in human asthmatics. The main objective of this review is to determine the effects of physical training on markers of airway inflammation in animal models of asthma. METHODS: A peer reviewed search was applied to ...
Hazell Tom J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine if a moderate intensity whole-body vibration (WBV) body mass resistive exercise session causes additional muscle damage, soreness and inflammation compared to the same exercise session without vibration (NoV). Ten recreationally active male university students completed two separate 24 h study periods incorporating ...
Bessa Artur - - 2013
Biomarkers of inflammation, muscle damage, and oxidative stress following high-intensity exercise have been described previously; however, further understanding of their role in the post-exercise recovery period is necessary. Because these markers have been implicated in cell signaling, they may specifically related to the training adaptations induced by high-intensity exercise. Thus, ...
Ward Nathan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The physical activity levels of adult patients with cystic fibrosis hospitalised for an acute respiratory exacerbation is unknown. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken. Physical activity levels were measured for a 24-h period using an activity monitor (SenseWear(®) Pro 3) during hospitalisation for an acute respiratory exacerbation and ...
Gaitan-Sierra Carolina - - 2013
Eighty participants took part in a 5-day intervention Qi Gong study to enhance well-being and were randomised to either positive or body focus and either high or low hand position. The high hand position improved negative affect and was reported more intrinsically motivating but was unrelated to perceived effort. Positive ...
Messias Leandro Rocha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 1β (IL 1β) levels are associated with prognosis in heart failure. The cardiac adrenergic activity as assessed by metaiodobenzylguanidine (I123 MIBG) scintigraphy along with exercise parameters are important predictors of prognosis. The relationship between these variables is not fully established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of IL 1β ...
So Wi-Young - - 2013
Elastic band exercise is considered as an effective and safe resistance type of exercise. However, there is a paucity of knowledge of the physiological effect of long-term elastic band exercise in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week elastic band exercise program ...
Franco R Lee - - 2013
Chronic exercise is thought to improve endothelium-dependent vasodilation; however, few studies have evaluated the effects of acute exercise on microvascular vasodilatory capacity (MVC). Moreover, no studies have compared MVC responses in obese and non-obese individuals following acute exercise. To evaluate MVC, utilizing forearm blood flow (FBF) and excess blood flow ...
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