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Gholamnezhad Zahra Z Neurogenic Inflammation Research Centre and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Objective(s): The effect of prolonged overtraining on cytokine kinetics was compared with moderate exercise in the present study. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control sedentary (C), moderate trained (MT), (V=20 m/min, 30 min/day for 6 days a week, 8 weeks), overtrained (OT) (V=25 m/min, 60min/day ...
Park Young-Min - - 2014
Our current environment has led to a vicious cycle of physical inactivity, obesity, and chronic inflammation, creating the "perfect storm" for metabolic diseases. White adipose tissue (WAT) is the major source of obesity/ inactivity-related inflammation; in turn, inflammation leads to insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction. Inactivity, even in the absence ...
Szalai Zita Z Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Szeged, Közép Fasor 52, Szeged 6726, - - 2014
Whether physical exercise has a protective effect or not on the onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Therefore, we investigated the effects of recreational physical exercise before the induction of colitis. After 6 weeks of voluntary physical activity (running wheel), male Wistar rats were treated with TNBS (10 mg). 72 hrs after ...
Krawczyk Maciej M Faculty of Physiotherapy J. Piłsudski's Academy of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland. 2nd Dept. of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, - - 2014
The functional gait problems encountered by stroke patients include impaired balance, abnormal gait pattern with marked asymmetry, pathological trunk and spinal motion. Many different methods of physiotherapy are used to improve functional ability (especially gait) in stroke patients, but their efficacy and outcome are often not objectively assessed. The goal ...
Brenmoehl Julia J 1. Institute for Genome Biology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, - - 2014
Recent findings regarding the response of fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (Fndc5) and irisin to exercise are partly controversial. While the 25 kDa form of Fndc5 can be observed in muscle and serum of different species, the ~12 kDa irisin band was not detectable up to now. The present ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe MR Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital of Bispebjerg, Copenhagen NV, - - 2014
Inflammation plays a major role in the development of atherosclerosis. We wanted to investigate the effects of exercise on high-sensitivity (hs) C-reactive protein (CRP) in subjects who were suspected of having coronary artery disease (CAD). Blood samples were obtained before, 5 minutes after, and 20 hours after an exercise test ...
Shi Bateer B Department of Sports Medicine and Sports Science, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1, Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hypoxic physical exercise on metabolic syndrome (MS) risk markers and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and to compare its effects on preperitoneal fat, arterial stiffness, and several blood parameters related to MS to those of a control group who trained ...
Chilton Warrick L WL School of Health Sciences, Federation University Australia, Victoria, - - 2014
Telomeres are specialized nucleoprotein structures that protect chromosomal ends from degradation. These structures progressively shorten during cellular division and can signal replicative senescence below a critical length. Telomere length is predominantly maintained by the enzyme telomerase. Significant decreases in telomere length and telomerase activity are associated with a host of ...
Mendoza-Núñez Víctor Manuel VM 0000-0002-9137-3405 Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Guelatao No. 66, Delegación Iztapalapa, 09230 México, DF, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Tai Chi on biological markers of oxidative stress in saliva and its relationship with periodontal disease (PD) in older adults. We carried out a quasi-experimental study with a sample of 71 sedentary volunteers with PD who were divided into ...
Cornish Stephen M SM Faculty of Kinesiology & Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, - - 2014
This research examined the changes in inflammatory cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, IL-10, as well as muscle force, muscle soreness, thigh circumference, and range of motion in response to 3 bouts of eccentric knee extension. Ten males were recruited to participate. The participants performed eccentric exercise on 3 consecutive days ...
Kimsa M C MC Department of Molecular Biology, Medical University of Silesia, Sosnowiec, - - 2014
The present study focused on the identification of the difference in expression of inflammation-related genes after intense exercise by oligonucleotide microarray methods. This may finally lead to an improved understanding of underlying cellular and molecular mechanism of the immunological alterations in response to exercises. The study group consisted of three ...
Campbell Matthew D MD Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United - - 2014
To examine the metabolic, gluco-regulatory-hormonal and inflammatory cytokine responses to large reductions in rapid-acting insulin dose administered prandially before and after intensive running exercise in male type 1 diabetes patients. This was a single centre, randomised, controlled open label study. Following preliminary testing, 8 male patients (24±2 years, HbA1c 7.7±0.4%/61±4 ...
Bilski Jan J Department of Ergonomics and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-531 Cracow, - - 2014
We reviewed and analyzed the relationship between physical exercise and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which covers a group of chronic, relapsing, and remitting intestinal disorders including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis. The etiology of IBD likely involves a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors. Physical training has ...
Trachta P P Third Department of Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2014
The aim of our study was to explore the effects of regular aerobic exercise on anthropometric, biochemical and hormonal parameters and mRNA expression of selected factors involved in metabolic regulations in subcutaneous adipose tissue of patients with obesity. Fifteen obese women with arterial hypertension underwent a three-month exercise program consisting ...
Baturcam Engin E Department of Biomedical Research, Dasman Diabetes Institute, 1180 Dasman, Kuwait ; Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4029, - - 2014
RANTES and its CCR5 receptor trigger inflammation and its progression to insulin resistance in obese. In the present study, we investigated for the first time the effect of physical exercise on the expression of RANTES and CCR5 in obese humans. Fifty-seven adult nondiabetic subjects (17 lean and 40 obese) were ...
Shalamzari Sadegh Amani SA Physical Education Department, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2014
The goal of this study was assessing the prophylactic effect of exercise and its role as an adjuvant therapy on level of cytokines involved in angiogenesis in estrogen-dependent breast cancer. Forty female BALB/c mice were randomly assigned to exercise-tumor-exercise (ETE), exercise-tumor-rest (ETR), rest-tumor-exercise (RTE) and rest-tumor-rest (RTR) groups. After orientation ...
Krüger Karsten - - 2014
Physical exercise is well known to affect leukocyte numbers and function. While regular exercise training has been shown to enhance specific immune functions, acute bouts of intensive exercise often lead to a pro-inflammatory response accompanied by a transient lymphocytopenia and neutrophilia. It can be assumed, that lymphocytopenia can be attributed ...
Svendsen Ida S IS School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Ashby Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, - - 2014
Elevated antigen-stimulated anti-inflammatory cytokine production appears to be a risk factor for upper respiratory tract illness in athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of prolonged exercise and hydration on antigen-stimulated cytokine production. Twelve healthy males cycled for 120 min at 60% [Formula: see text] on two ...
Popović Maša D MD Laboratory for Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Purpose. This proof-of-concept study investigated whether feedback-mediated exercise (FME) of the affected arm of hemiplegic patients increases patient motivation and promotes greater improvement of motor function, compared to no-feedback exercise (NFE). Method. We developed a feedback-mediated treatment that uses gaming scenarios and allows online and offline monitoring of both temporal ...
Olfert I Mark IM Center for Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, Division of Exercise Physiology, One Medical Center Dr, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9105, USA. - - 2014
There is still limited information on systemic inflammation in alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficient (AATD) COPD patients and what effect alpha-1-antitrypsin augmentation therapy and/or exercise might have on circulating inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesized that AATD COPD patients on augmentation therapy (AATD + AUG) would have lower circulating and skeletal muscle inflammatory cytokines compared to AATD COPD ...
Backes Christina C Department of Human Genetics, Medical School, Saarland University, Homburg/Saar, - - 2014
Blood born micro(mi)RNA expression pattern have been reported for various human diseases with signatures specific for diseases. To evaluate these biomarkers, it is mandatory to know possible changes of miRNA signatures in healthy individuals under different physiological conditions. We analyzed the miRNA expression in peripheral blood of elite endurance athletes ...
Groven Karen Synne KS Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Institute of Physiotherapy, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway; - - 2014
Background: To prevent weight regain, patients undergoing weight loss surgery are encouraged to change their exercise and dietary habits. Building on previous research, the aim of this study was to explore women's experiences of changing exercise habits - focusing on women participating in a group based rehabilitation program including surgical ...
Oh Sechang S Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2014
Abdominal fat (AF) reduction is advocated in the treatment of obesity-related diseases. Nonetheless, recent studies have shown additional beneficial effects against obesity-related health risks, independent of AF reduction. Therefore it is important to determine whether AF plays a causal role in promoting metabolic disorders or is simply a symptom of ...
Lebon Johann J From the 1Research Center on Aging, 2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, and 3Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2013
Isoflavones and exercise have been shown to affect C-reactive protein (CRP) and body composition and to act synergistically on trunk and total fat mass (FM), glucose metabolism, and lean body mass in postmenopausal women with a body mass index higher than 25 kg/m. We hypothesized that exercise and isoflavone supplementation ...
Tsai Chia-Liang CL Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to explore various behavioral and neuroelectric indices after acute aerobic exercise in young adults with different cardiorespiratory fitness levels when performing a cognitive task, and also to gain a mechanistic understanding of the effects of such exercise using the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ...
Gordon Bradley S BS University of South Carolina, Department of Exercise Science, Columbia, - - 2013
Introduction: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal genetic disease caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene resulting in chronic muscle damage, muscle wasting, and premature death. Utrophin is a dystrophin protein homologue that increases dystrophic muscle function and reduces pathology. Currently, no treatments that increase utrophin protein expression exist. ...
van der Horst Nick N Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports, University Medical Center Utrecht, , Utrecht, The - - 2013
Hamstring injuries are the most common muscle injury in male amateur soccer players and have a high rate of recurrence, often despite extensive treatment and long rehabilitation periods. Eccentric strength and flexibility are recognised as important modifiable risk factors, which have led to the development of eccentric hamstring exercises, such ...
Wiskemann J - - 2013
Patients undergoing allo-HCT often experience a substantial loss in physical performance. We have recently published the general effectiveness of an exercise intervention in 105 allo-HCT patients on physical performance and psychosocial well-being. However, predictor variables for differentiated treatment response remained unclear. To determine the impact of basic physical performance on ...
Pouwels Sjaak - - 2013
The impact of postoperative complications after Major Abdominal Surgery (MAS) is substantial, especially when socio-economical aspects are taken into account. This systematic review focuses on the effects of preoperative exercise therapy (PEXT) on physical fitness prior to MAS, length of hospital admission and postoperative complications in patients eligible for MAS, ...
Grant Richard W - - 2013
Lack of regular physical activity is highly prevalent in U.S. adults and significantly increases mortality risk. To examine the clinical impact of a newly implemented program ("Exercise as a Vital Sign" [EVS]) designed to systematically ascertain patient-reported exercise levels at the beginning of each outpatient visit. The EVS program was ...
Kılıç M - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible role of moderate and strenuous swimming training on plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IL-6 (interleukin-6) levels during recovery from exhaustive exercise in rats. Wistar rats were divided into three groups: sedentary control (C), moderately trained (MT) and strenuously trained (ST). ...
Fine Nowell M - - 2013
To determine the frequency and prognostic significance of abnormal exercise echocardiographic results for patients achieving a workload of 10 or more metabolic equivalents during treadmill exercise echocardiography. Patients who underwent treadmill exercise echocardiography from November 1, 2003, through December 31, 2008, and exercised for 9 or more minutes using the ...
Tahamtan Mahshid M Physiology-Pharmacology Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. ashamsi@rums.ac.ir; - - 2013
There is evidence that exercise decreases ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Since behavioral deficits are the main outcome in patients after stroke, our study was designed to investigate whether exercise preconditioning improves the acute behavioral functions and also brain inflammatory injury following cerebral ischemia. Male rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly ...
Hill Andrew Gordon AG Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary Hospital, Tomewin Street, Currumbin, Qld 4224, Australia. - - 2013
Abstract: Two white-headed pigeons (Columba leucomela) developed deep pectoral myopathy 2 days after vigorous exercise associated with capture. Clinical signs included lethargy and an inability to raise the wings above the head. Gross pathology consistently revealed marked pallor and edema of the supracoracoideus muscle, and histopathology revealed severe myofiber degeneration. ...
Panovský Roman R First Dept. of Internal Medicine - Cardioangiology, International Clinical Research Center - ICRC, St. Anne's Hospital, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to access and compare the prognostic effects of different types of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. One hundred fifty-two patients were retrospectively divided into 4 groups according to their adherence to physical activity recommendations. Patients in groups 1 and ...
Sim Marc M School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The post-exercise interleukin-6 (IL-6) and hepcidin response was investigated during the hormone-deplete and hormone-replete phases of an estradiol and progestogen regulated oral contraceptive cycle (OCC). Counterbalanced, repeated measures cross-over study. Ten active female monophasic oral contraceptive pill (OCP) users completed two 40min treadmill running trials at 75% of their pre-determined ...
Masiero Stefano - - 2013
Objective:To assess the 12-month's follow-up effects on pain, mobility, and physical function outcomes of a supervised training and home-based rehabilitation for ankylosing spondylitis patients stabilized with TNF-inhibitor therapy.Design:Controlled clinical trial (sequentially determined allocation) with 12-months' follow-up.Setting:Patients' homes.Subjects:A total of 69 subjects were allocated to either a rehabilitation programme (rehabilitation group, ...
Almeida P - - 2013
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an evidence-based, multidisciplinary, comprehensive intervention for patients with chronic respiratory diseases who are symptomatic and whose daily living activities are often restricted. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are designed to improve the physical and emotional condition of people with chronic respiratory disease and to promote long-term adherence to health-enhancing ...
Hayashino Yasuaki Y Department of Endocrinology, Tenri Hospital, Nara, Japan; Department of Epidemiology and Healthcare Research, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
C-reactive protein (CRP), inflammatory cytokines, and adipokines contribute to atherosclerosis, insulin resistance, and development of late-onset complication in patients with type 2 diabetes. We performed a systematic review to assess effects of exercise interventions on inflammatory markers/cytokines and adipokines. We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry) ...
Alves Thâmara - - 2013
Localized exercises are widely used in rehabilitation processes. The predominant options are exercises with an emphasis on either concentric or eccentric contractions. Eccentric exercises promote greater strength gains compared to classical concentric stimuli, but can cause muscle damage. The aim of present study was to compare strength training composed of ...
Cristi Carlos - - 2013
Abstract This study investigated in older adults whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training results in significant increases of physical fitness measures without alterations in markers of inflammation. Sixteen volunteers completed a WBV programme 3 d.wk(-1) during 9 weeks. The programme consisted of lower and upper-body unloaded static and dynamic exercises. Training ...
Bote M E - - 2013
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is associated with elevated systemic inflammatory and stress biomarkers, and an elevated innate cellular response mediated by monocytes and neutrophils. Exercise is accepted as a good non-pharmacological therapy for FM. We have previously found that regular aquatic exercise decreases the release of inflammatory cytokines by monocytes from ...
Rosety-Rodriguez M - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that obese people with trisomy 21 suffer from low-grade systemic inflammation. A recent study has found that aerobic training reduced inflammation in obese women with Down syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, the study reported in this paper is the first to determine for how ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2013
Examine mediators of fatigue response to an exercise intervention for breast cancer survivors (BCS) in a pilot randomized controlled trial. Postmenopausal BCS (n=46; ≤ Stage II), off primary treatment, and reporting fatigue and/or sleep dysfunction were randomized to a 3-month exercise intervention (160 minutes/week of moderate intensity aerobic walking, twice ...
Moreira Neide Martins - - 2013
Trypanosoma cruzi causes neuronal myenteric depopulation compromising intestinal function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of moderate physical exercise on NADH diaphorase (NADH-d)-positive neurons in the myenteric plexus and intestinal wall of the colon in mice infected with T. cruzi. Forty 30-day-old male Swiss mice were ...
Biering-Sørensen Tor - - 2013
-Two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE) detects early signs of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction; however, it is unknown if myocardial strain analysis at rest in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris (SAP) predicts the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). -In total 296 consecutive patients with clinically suspected SAP, no previous cardiac ...
Nathan Indira - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that exercise may improve symptoms in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aims to explore issues that clinicians may need to consider when giving advice on exercise to such individuals. Limited existing evidence suggests that low to moderate physical activity may improve symptoms without ...
Hackney Anthony Carl AC Department of Exercise & Sport Sciences, Applied Physiology Laboratory, AND Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2013
The Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) is a physically debilitating medical condition that results in athletes being totally compromised in their capacity to perform and compete. Many physiological systems are affected by the process of overtraining and the development of the OTS which results from it; but one system in particular, the ...
Moreira Neide M NM Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, - - 2013
This study evaluated the influence of moderate physical exercise on the myenteric neurons in the colonic intestinal wall of mice that had been infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Parasitology and immunological aspects of the mice were considered. Forty-day-old male Swiss mice were divided into four groups: Trained Infected (TI), Sedentary Infected ...
Pozzi F - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the gold standard treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Most patients report successful long-term outcomes and reduced pain after TKA, but recovery is variable and the majority of patients continue to demonstrate lower extremity muscle weakness and functional deficits compared to age-matched control subjects. Given the ...
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