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Zhang Yang - - 2013
We designed a retrospective study of preoperative tracheal stretch exercise (TSE) before anterior cervical spine surgery. The changes of vital signs before and during the surgery and the postoperative clinical outcome were recorded and compared with none treated patients. To evaluate if the preoperative TSE is beneficial to the anterior ...
Pascoe April R - - 2013
Vaccination programs, although feted for success in reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality, are limited by vaccine efficacy, which is particularly problematic in populations with reduced immune function. Exercise has been identified as a behavioural factor that can improve immune function in some settings and cohorts, and therefore, in the ...
Schmidt Stephan - - 2013
Little is known about the sustainability of exercise effects in patients with relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS). We present the results of a prospective, observer-blinded, single-center case control study using a "pre-post" design including 89 ambulatory patients with RRMS and an EDSS score of ≤3.5 who participated in an individualized 12month ...
Andrianopoulos Vasileios - - 2013
Exercise-induced oxygen desaturation (EID) is associated with increased risk of mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Several screening tests have been proposed to predict EID, including FEV1, DLCO and baseline-SpO2. We aimed to validate a proposed cut-off of baseline-SpO2≤95% as simple screening procedure to predict EID during 6-minute walk ...
Lauersen Jeppe Bo - - 2013
Physical activity is important in both prevention and treatment of many common diseases, but sports injuries can pose serious problems. To determine whether physical activity exercises can reduce sports injuries and perform stratified analyses of strength training, stretching, proprioception and combinations of these, and provide separate acute and overuse injury ...
Biasco Luigi - - 2013
-J point elevation is common in athletes, nevertheless the influence of structural changes associated with the athlete's heart and its prognostic impact are still debated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of J point elevation, the associated clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics and its impact on long-term outcome in ...
Van Tassell Benjamin Wallace - - 2013
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a clinical syndrome of exercise intolerance due to impaired myocardial relaxation and/or increased stiffness. Patients with HFpEF often show signs of chronic systemic inflammation, and experimental studies have shown that interleukin-1 (IL-1), a key proinflammatory cytokine, impairs myocardial relaxation. The aim of ...
Jarden Mary - - 2013
Patients with acute leukemia experience a substantial symptom burden and are at risk of developing infections throughout the course of repeated cycles of intensive chemotherapy. Physical activity in recent years has been a strategy for rehabilitation in cancer patients to remedy disease and treatment related symptoms and side effects. To ...
Jamurtas A Z - - 2013
Eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage may cause marked alterations in insulin sensitivity. However, it is not entirely known whether such alterations are also related to changes in adipokine levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of muscle damage due to downhill running on inflammation, insulin sensitivity and ...
Refai Majed - - 2013
The measurement of maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax) and maximal expiratory pressure (PEmax) generated at the mouth is an accepted non-invasive clinical method for evaluating the strength of respiratory muscles. The aim of our study was to verify whether PImax and PEmax measured before and after a symptom-limited stair-climbing test are ...
Park Soo Kyung - - 2013
Little is known about symptom clusters and their effect on outcomes in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To determine whether subgroups of patients with COPD could be identified by symptom ratings, whether they differed on selected demographic and clinical characteristics, and whether they differed on functioning, exercise capacity, ...
Nieman David C - - 2013
Functional overreaching has been linked to alterations in immunity and host pathogen defense, but little is known as to whether or not running and cycling evoke different responses. This study compared inflammation, muscle damage and soreness, and innate immune function responses to a 3-day period of intensified exercise in trained ...
van der Kolk Nicolien M - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder for which only symptomatic treatment exists. Gait and balance disturbance is common in Parkinson's disease and is a major contributor to increased disability and decreased health-related quality of life and survival. Balance and gait deficits in Parkinson's disease are notoriously difficult to treat ...
Bansi J - - 2013
The influences of exercise on cytokine response, health-related quality of life (HR-QoL), and fatigue are important aspects of MS rehabilitation. Physical exercises performed within these programs are often practiced in water, but the effects of immersion have not been investigated. To investigate the influences of short-term immune responses and cardiorespiratory ...
Hoogwegt Madelein T - - 2013
=0.004). Importantly, exercise acted as a mediator in the relationship between positive affect and mortality.Conclusions-Patients with higher levels of positive affect were more likely to exercise and had a lower risk of dying during 5-year follow-up, with exercise mediating the relationship between positive affect and mortality. Interventions aimed at increasing ...
Fernández-Verdejo R - - 2013
Active skeletal muscle synthesizes and releases interleukin-6 (IL-6), which plays important roles in the organism's adaptation to exercise. Autocrine/paracrine ATP signaling has been shown to modulate IL-6 expression. The aim of this study was to determine whether a period of physical activity modifies the ATP-induced IL-6 expression. BalbC mice were ...
Alves G N - - 2013
The acute administration of L-arginine (L-arg), a nitric oxide (NO) precursor, reduces lactate (LAC) concentration after exercise in healthy individuals. Lower concentration of L-arg may enhance the action of some inflammatory cytokines in HIV-1 infected patients. We tested the hypothesis that acute L-arg administration may reduce post-exercise blood LAC and ...
Agboola Foluso - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prior participation in preparedness exercises was predictive of better performance on objective measures of response. We conducted a statewide tabletop exercise that focused on a hazardous materials (HAZMAT) scenario and assessed performance using our developed evaluation tool. The evaluative score was ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2013
Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) is a life-threatening complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that generates considerable morbidity and compromises the physical capacity of patients. We determined the effects of an exercise training program performed after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on clinical and biological variables in a ...
Nimmo M A - - 2013
Being physically active and undertaking exercise on a regular basis are critical lifestyle behaviours which protect against the development of numerous chronic metabolic conditions. One of the key mechanisms by which physical activity exerts favourable health effects appears to be due to its capacity to reduce chronic low-grade inflammation. Single ...
Bernardes Danielle - - 2013
The interactions between a prior program of regular exercise and the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)-mediated responses were evaluated. In the exercised EAE mice, although there was no effect on infiltrated cells, the cytokine and derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels were altered, and the clinical score was attenuated. Although, ...
Menicucci Danilo - - 2013
Physical exercise represents a eustress condition that promotes rapid coordinated adjustments in the immune, stress-related hormonal and cardiovascular systems, for maintaining homeostasis in response to increased metabolic demands. Compared to the tight multisystem coordination during exercise, evidence of between-systems cross talk in the early post exercise is still lacking. This ...
Grice A - - 2013
This mixed methods study explored the frequency of sport/exercise-related injuries in nonelite sport, participant-reported management and perceptions of potential injury consequences. Focus group participants, who trained two to four times a week and had previously sustained musculoskeletal sports-related injuries, reported seeking medical advice secondary to advice from teammates or online ...
Funghetto Silvana S - - 2013
The IL-6 gene polymorphism has been associated with disease prevalence and different physiological responses to exercise. Eccentric resistance exercise (ERE) is considered a non pharmacological tool to prevent the chronic degenerative profile associated with aging and obesity. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of ...
Jansen R - - 2013
Exercise echocardiography can assess the dynamic component of mitral valve (MV) disease and may therefore be helpful for the clinical decision-making by the heart team. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of exercise echocardiography in the management of disproportionately symptomatic or otherwise atypical patients with mitral ...
Karjalainen Jaana J - - 2013
ObjectiveCardiovascular autonomic dysfunction is a common finding among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The reasons and prognostic value of autonomic dysfunction in CAD patients with T2D are not well known.Researh design and methodsWe examined the association between heart rate recovery (HRR), 24-hour HR variability ...
Almeida Alexandre Aparecido de - - 2013
It has been established that low intensities of exercise produce beneficial effects for the brain, while high intensities can cause some neuronal damage (e.g. exacerbated inflammatory response and cell death). Although these effects are documented in the mature brain, the influence of exercise intensities in the developing brain has been ...
Suprak David - - 2013
Context :  Proper scapulothoracic motion is critical for the health and function of the shoulder, and represents a principal focus in the rehabilitation setting. Variants of the traditional push-up are used frequently to help restore proper scapular kinematics. To date, substantial research has focused on muscle activation levels of rotator ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2013
Abstract The aim of the study was to determine if topical Arnica is effective in reducing pain, indicators of inflammation and muscle damage, and in turn improve performance in well-trained males experiencing delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Twenty well-trained males matched by maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]Max) completed a ...
Neunhäuserer Daniel - - 2013
Regular physical activity promotes physical and mental health. Psychiatric patients are prone to a sedentary lifestyle, and accumulating evidence has identified physical activity as a supplemental treatment option. This prospective, randomized, crossover study evaluated the effects of hiking in high-risk suicidal patients (n = 20) who performed 9 weeks of hiking ...
Pingel Jessica - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is initiated asymptomatically and is therefore often discovered at a very late stage. PURPOSE:To elucidate whether the microvascular volume (MV) of the Achilles tendon is elevated in patients with AT compared with healthy controls during pre-exercise rest, after acute exercise, and 24 hours after exercise. Additionally, this ...
Dufour Catherine A - - 2013
Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) remains prevalent in HIV infection. Randomized trials have shown that physical exercise improves NCI in non-HIV-infected adults, but data on HIV-infected populations are limited. Community-dwelling HIV-infected participants (n = 335) completed a comprehensive neurocognitive battery that was utilized to define both global and domain-specific NCI. Participants were divided into ...
Scheler Mika - - 2013
Muscle contraction during exercise is a major stimulus for the release of peptides and proteins (myokines) that are supposed to take part in the beneficial adaptation to exercise. We hypothesize that application of an in vitro exercise stimulus as electric pulse stimulation (EPS) to human myotubes enables the investigation of ...
Bayraktar Deniz - - 2013
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients are often referred to aquatic physical therapy, but unfortunately, researches on the effects of aquatic therapy in MS patients are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Ai-Chi on balance, functional mobility, strength and fatigue in ambulatory patients with MS. Twenty-three ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2013
Participation in an exercise trial is a major commitment for cancer survivors, but few exercise trials have evaluated patient satisfaction with trial participation. To examine patient satisfaction with participation in the Healthy Exercise for Lymphoma Patients (HELP) Trial and to explore possible determinants. The HELP Trial randomized 122 lymphoma patients ...
Olesen Jesper - - 2013
Age-related metabolic diseases are often associated with low-grade inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the transcriptional co-activator PGC-1α in the potential beneficial effects of exercise training and/or resveratrol in the prevention of age-associated low-grade inflammation. To address this, a long-term voluntary exercise training ...
Park Ji-Hyuk JH Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Science, Yonsei - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a Nintendo Wii exercise program on chronic work-related LBP compared with stability exercise. [Methods] Twenty-four workers participated in this study. All of the participants were diagnosed with chronic LBP by a physician. Participants were randomly assigned to three ...
Brandauer Josef J Department of Health Sciences, Gettysburg College Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
High-fat meal consumption alters the circulating cytokine profile and contributes to cardiometabolic diseases. A prior bout of exercise can ameliorate the triglyceride response to a high-fat meal, but the interactive effects of exercise and high-fat meals on cytokines that mediate cardiometabolic risk are not fully understood. We investigated the effects ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2013
Objectives:Although fatigue is experienced by everyone, its definition and classification remains under debate. A review of the previously published data on fatigue. Fatigue is influenced by age, gender, physical condition, type of food, latency to last meal, mental status, psychological conditions, personality type, life experience, and the health status of ...
Mills Dean E - - 2013
It is unknown whether the respiratory muscles contribute to exercise-induced increases in plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration, if this is related to diaphragm fatigue, and whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT) attenuates the plasma IL-6 response to whole-body exercise and/or a volitional mimic of the exercise hyperpnea. Twelve healthy males were divided ...
Sossdorf Maik - - 2013
High physical activity levels are associated with wide-ranging health benefits, disease prevention, and longevity. In the present study, we examined the impact of regular physical exercise on the severity of organ injury and survival probability, as well as characteristics of the systemic immune and metabolic response during severe polymicrobial sepsis. ...
Brownstone Lisa M - - 2013
The current study explores the personality traits of compulsivity (e.g., sense of orderliness and duty to perform tasks completely) and restricted expression (e.g., emotion expression difficulties) as potential moderators of the relation between affect lability and frequency of hard exercise episodes in a sample of individuals with bulimic pathology. Participants ...
Berry Michael J - - 2013
Acute Respiratory Failure patients experience significant muscle weakness which contributes to prolonged hospitalization and functional impairments post-hospital discharge. Based on our previous work, we hypothesize that an exercise intervention initiated early in the intensive care unit aimed at improving skeletal muscle strength could decrease hospital stay and attenuate the deconditioning ...
Casella Stefania - - 2013
Haptoglobin (Hp), serum amyloid A (SAA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cells (WBC) were assessed in 20 dogs divided into 2 groups. The dogs of group A were not subjected to hunting exercise (control group), while the dogs of group B were subjected to hunting exercise for 3 hr ...
Brunelli Diego T - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute immune responses to an upper body tri-set resistance training (RT) session in RT trained individuals. Eighteen young trained men (22·0 ± 1·8 years) were randomly assigned to an exercise group (EG; n = 9) or control group (CG; n = 9). The EG completed an acute tri-set ...
Guclu-Gunduz Arzu - - 2013
Although there are evidences as to Pilates developing dynamic balance, muscle strength and flexibility in healthy people, evidences related to its effects on Multiple Sclerosis patients are insufficient. Objectives: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of Pilates on balance, mobility, and strength in ambulatory patients with ...
Mentz Robert J RJ Duke University, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2013
The strength of race as an independent predictor of long-term outcomes in a contemporary chronic heart failure (HF) population and its association with exercise training response have not been well established. We aimed to investigate the association between race and outcomes and to explore interactions with exercise training in patients ...
Shaarani Shahril R - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Prehabilitation is defined as preparing an individual to withstand a stressful event through enhancement of functional capacity. HYPOTHESIS:We hypothesized that a preoperative exercise program would enhance postoperative outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). STUDY DESIGN:Randomized controlled clinical trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS:Twenty volunteers awaiting ACLR were randomly assigned ...
Møller Andreas Buch - - 2013
The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is considered an important role in the muscular adaptations to exercise. It has been proposed that exercise-induced signaling to mTORC1 do not require classic growth factor PI3K/Akt signaling. Activation of IKKβ and the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) Erk1/2 and p38 has been ...
Kalsen A - - 2013
There is a high prevalence of asthma and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in elite athletes, which leads to a major use of beta2 -agonists. In a randomized double-blinded crossover study, we investigated the effects of combined inhalation of beta2 -agonists (salbutamol, formoterol, and salmeterol), in permitted doses within the World Anti-Doping ...
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