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Della Gatta Paul A PA Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, - - 2014
Aging is associated with increased circulating pro-inflammatory and lower anti-inflammatory cytokines. Exercise training, in addition to improving muscle function, reduces these circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines. Yet, few studies have evaluated changes in the expression of cytokine within skeletal muscle after exercise training. The aim of the current study was to examine ...
Radom-Aizik Shlomit S Pediatric Exercise and Genomics Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, UC Irvine School of Medicine, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical activity can prevent and/or attenuate atherosclerosis, a disease clearly linked to inflammation. Paradoxically, even brief exercise induces a stress response and increases inflammatory cells like monocytes in the circulation. We hypothesized that exercise would regulate the expression of genes, gene pathways, and microRNAs in monocytes in a way that ...
Guazzi Marco M Heart Failure Unit, Cardiology, IRCCS, San Donato University Hospital, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome characterized by myocardial dysfunction, derangement of multiple organ systems and poor outcome. Out of several markers of severity, abnormalities in exercise ventilation (VE) offer relevant insights into the pathophysiology of dyspnea, lung gas exchange, and control of ventilation and are now recognized as ...
Jia Lin-Lin LL Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Xi'an Jiaotong University Cardiovascular Research Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Xi'an, - - 2014
Regular exercise as an effective non-pharmacological antihypertensive therapy is beneficial for prevention and control of hypertension, but the central mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we hypothesized that chronic exercise training (ExT) delays the progression of hypertension and attenuates cardiac hypertrophy by up-regulating anti-inflammatory cytokines, reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) and ...
Bonocher Camila M - - 2014
Regular physical exercise seems to have protective effects against diseases that involve inflammatory processes since it induces an increase in the systemic levels of cytokines with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and also acts by reducing estrogen levels. Evidence has suggested that the symptoms associated with endometriosis result from a local ...
van de Vyver M M Department of Physiological Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South - - 2014
Individual responses in creatine kinase (CK) release after eccentric exercise are divergent. This study aimed to identify whether this could be related to selected humoral or intramuscular inflammatory factors. Twenty-three subjects were divided into non-exercising (n = 5) and downhill run (DHR; n = 18) groups (12 × 5 min, 10% decline at 15 km/h). Blood samples were ...
Vieira Paulo J C PJ Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory and Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) improves muscle performance and exercise tolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. In contrast, no study has assessed the effect of NMES on dynamic hyperinflation (DH) in COPD. This study investigated the effect of short-term, high-frequency NMES on DH in patients with COPD. Twenty patients ...
Powers Scott K SK Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; - - 2014
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury can cause ventricular cell death and is a major pathological event leading to morbidity and mortality in those with coronary artery disease. Interestingly, as few as five bouts of exercise on consecutive days can rapidly produce a cardiac phenotype that resists IR-induced myocardial injury. This review ...
Knudsen Jakob G JG Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Expression of brown adipose tissue (BAT) associated proteins like uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in inguinal WAT (iWAT) has been suggested to alter iWAT metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in exercise training and cold exposure-induced iWAT UCP1 expression. The effect of daily ...
Hoffman Martin D MD Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, and University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, United States of - - 2014
Regular exercise is associated with substantial health benefits; however, little is known about the health impact of extreme levels of exercise. This study examined the prevalence of chronic diseases, health-care utilization, and risk factors for exercise-related injuries among ultramarathon runners. Retrospective, self-reported enrollment data from an ongoing longitudinal observational study ...
Galvin Rose R School of Physiotherapy, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, - - 2014
Background: Family members and caregivers play a significant supporting role in the rehabilitation process after stroke, a role that may increase with the growing trend of providing stroke rehabilitation in the individual's own home after discharge from the hospital. Objective: To explore the impact of family involvement in exercise delivery ...
Zwetsloot Kevin A KA Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, - - 2014
1) the extent to which an acute session of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases systemic inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and 2) whether 2 weeks of HIIT training alters the inflammatory response. Eight recreationally active males (aged 22±2 years) performed 2 weeks of HIIT on a cycle ergometer (six HIIT sessions ...
Yazigi Solis Marina M School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255, 05403-000 Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
It has been suggested that the abrupt liposuction-induced decrease in adipose tissue could affect adipokine secretion pattern. We hypothesized that exercise training could positively impact adipokine metabolism following liposuction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of liposuction on inflammation-related adipokines in women who were either exercise-trained ...
Lembke Peter P Bioseutica, Rhinebeck , New - - 2014
A clinical study was undertaken to evaluate the associations between the tissue levels of omega-3 (N3), also known as the Omega-3 Index (N3 Index), on various clinical and quality of life outcomes in healthy young adults after heavy eccentric exercise.. To ensure an adequate number of participants with an elevated ...
Park Young-Min - - 2014
Our current environment has led to a vicious cycle of physical inactivity, obesity, and chronic inflammation, creating the "perfect storm" for metabolic diseases. White adipose tissue (WAT) is the major source of obesity/ inactivity-related inflammation; in turn, inflammation leads to insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction. Inactivity, even in the absence ...
Szalai Zita Z Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Szeged, Közép Fasor 52, Szeged 6726, - - 2014
Whether physical exercise has a protective effect or not on the onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Therefore, we investigated the effects of recreational physical exercise before the induction of colitis. After 6 weeks of voluntary physical activity (running wheel), male Wistar rats were treated with TNBS (10 mg). 72 hrs after ...
Krawczyk Maciej M Faculty of Physiotherapy J. Piłsudski's Academy of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland. 2nd Dept. of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, - - 2014
The functional gait problems encountered by stroke patients include impaired balance, abnormal gait pattern with marked asymmetry, pathological trunk and spinal motion. Many different methods of physiotherapy are used to improve functional ability (especially gait) in stroke patients, but their efficacy and outcome are often not objectively assessed. The goal ...
Brenmoehl Julia J 1. Institute for Genome Biology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, - - 2014
Recent findings regarding the response of fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (Fndc5) and irisin to exercise are partly controversial. While the 25 kDa form of Fndc5 can be observed in muscle and serum of different species, the ~12 kDa irisin band was not detectable up to now. The present ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe MR Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital of Bispebjerg, Copenhagen NV, - - 2014
Inflammation plays a major role in the development of atherosclerosis. We wanted to investigate the effects of exercise on high-sensitivity (hs) C-reactive protein (CRP) in subjects who were suspected of having coronary artery disease (CAD). Blood samples were obtained before, 5 minutes after, and 20 hours after an exercise test ...
Shi Bateer B Department of Sports Medicine and Sports Science, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1, Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hypoxic physical exercise on metabolic syndrome (MS) risk markers and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and to compare its effects on preperitoneal fat, arterial stiffness, and several blood parameters related to MS to those of a control group who trained ...
Chilton Warrick L WL School of Health Sciences, Federation University Australia, Victoria, - - 2014
Telomeres are specialized nucleoprotein structures that protect chromosomal ends from degradation. These structures progressively shorten during cellular division and can signal replicative senescence below a critical length. Telomere length is predominantly maintained by the enzyme telomerase. Significant decreases in telomere length and telomerase activity are associated with a host of ...
Mendoza-Núñez Víctor Manuel VM 0000-0002-9137-3405 Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Guelatao No. 66, Delegación Iztapalapa, 09230 México, DF, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Tai Chi on biological markers of oxidative stress in saliva and its relationship with periodontal disease (PD) in older adults. We carried out a quasi-experimental study with a sample of 71 sedentary volunteers with PD who were divided into ...
Cornish Stephen M SM Faculty of Kinesiology & Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, - - 2014
This research examined the changes in inflammatory cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, IL-10, as well as muscle force, muscle soreness, thigh circumference, and range of motion in response to 3 bouts of eccentric knee extension. Ten males were recruited to participate. The participants performed eccentric exercise on 3 consecutive days ...
Kimsa M C MC Department of Molecular Biology, Medical University of Silesia, Sosnowiec, - - 2014
The present study focused on the identification of the difference in expression of inflammation-related genes after intense exercise by oligonucleotide microarray methods. This may finally lead to an improved understanding of underlying cellular and molecular mechanism of the immunological alterations in response to exercises. The study group consisted of three ...
Campbell Matthew D MD Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United - - 2014
To examine the metabolic, gluco-regulatory-hormonal and inflammatory cytokine responses to large reductions in rapid-acting insulin dose administered prandially before and after intensive running exercise in male type 1 diabetes patients. This was a single centre, randomised, controlled open label study. Following preliminary testing, 8 male patients (24±2 years, HbA1c 7.7±0.4%/61±4 ...
Bilski Jan J Department of Ergonomics and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-531 Cracow, - - 2014
We reviewed and analyzed the relationship between physical exercise and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which covers a group of chronic, relapsing, and remitting intestinal disorders including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis. The etiology of IBD likely involves a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors. Physical training has ...
Trachta P P Third Department of Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2014
The aim of our study was to explore the effects of regular aerobic exercise on anthropometric, biochemical and hormonal parameters and mRNA expression of selected factors involved in metabolic regulations in subcutaneous adipose tissue of patients with obesity. Fifteen obese women with arterial hypertension underwent a three-month exercise program consisting ...
Baturcam Engin E Department of Biomedical Research, Dasman Diabetes Institute, 1180 Dasman, Kuwait ; Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4029, - - 2014
RANTES and its CCR5 receptor trigger inflammation and its progression to insulin resistance in obese. In the present study, we investigated for the first time the effect of physical exercise on the expression of RANTES and CCR5 in obese humans. Fifty-seven adult nondiabetic subjects (17 lean and 40 obese) were ...
Shalamzari Sadegh Amani SA Physical Education Department, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2014
The goal of this study was assessing the prophylactic effect of exercise and its role as an adjuvant therapy on level of cytokines involved in angiogenesis in estrogen-dependent breast cancer. Forty female BALB/c mice were randomly assigned to exercise-tumor-exercise (ETE), exercise-tumor-rest (ETR), rest-tumor-exercise (RTE) and rest-tumor-rest (RTR) groups. After orientation ...
Krüger Karsten - - 2014
Physical exercise is well known to affect leukocyte numbers and function. While regular exercise training has been shown to enhance specific immune functions, acute bouts of intensive exercise often lead to a pro-inflammatory response accompanied by a transient lymphocytopenia and neutrophilia. It can be assumed, that lymphocytopenia can be attributed ...
Svendsen Ida S IS School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Ashby Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, - - 2014
Elevated antigen-stimulated anti-inflammatory cytokine production appears to be a risk factor for upper respiratory tract illness in athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of prolonged exercise and hydration on antigen-stimulated cytokine production. Twelve healthy males cycled for 120 min at 60% [Formula: see text] on two ...
Popović Maša D MD Laboratory for Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Purpose. This proof-of-concept study investigated whether feedback-mediated exercise (FME) of the affected arm of hemiplegic patients increases patient motivation and promotes greater improvement of motor function, compared to no-feedback exercise (NFE). Method. We developed a feedback-mediated treatment that uses gaming scenarios and allows online and offline monitoring of both temporal ...
Olfert I Mark IM Center for Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, Division of Exercise Physiology, One Medical Center Dr, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9105, USA. - - 2014
There is still limited information on systemic inflammation in alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficient (AATD) COPD patients and what effect alpha-1-antitrypsin augmentation therapy and/or exercise might have on circulating inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesized that AATD COPD patients on augmentation therapy (AATD + AUG) would have lower circulating and skeletal muscle inflammatory cytokines compared to AATD COPD ...
Backes Christina C Department of Human Genetics, Medical School, Saarland University, Homburg/Saar, - - 2014
Blood born micro(mi)RNA expression pattern have been reported for various human diseases with signatures specific for diseases. To evaluate these biomarkers, it is mandatory to know possible changes of miRNA signatures in healthy individuals under different physiological conditions. We analyzed the miRNA expression in peripheral blood of elite endurance athletes ...
Groven Karen Synne KS Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Institute of Physiotherapy, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway; - - 2014
Background: To prevent weight regain, patients undergoing weight loss surgery are encouraged to change their exercise and dietary habits. Building on previous research, the aim of this study was to explore women's experiences of changing exercise habits - focusing on women participating in a group based rehabilitation program including surgical ...
Del Giacco Stefano R SR 0000-0002-4517-1749 Department of Medical Sciences "M. Aresu", University of Cagliari, Asse Didattico "E1", Cittadella Universitaria, Monserrato, 09042 Cagliari, - - 2014
Background. In recent years, numerous articles have attempted to shed light on our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of exercise-induced immunologic changes and their impact on allergy and asthma. It is known that lymphocyte subclasses, cytokines, and chemokines show modifications after exercise, but outcomes can be affected by the type ...
Oh Sechang S Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2014
Abdominal fat (AF) reduction is advocated in the treatment of obesity-related diseases. Nonetheless, recent studies have shown additional beneficial effects against obesity-related health risks, independent of AF reduction. Therefore it is important to determine whether AF plays a causal role in promoting metabolic disorders or is simply a symptom of ...
Sultan Pervez P Clinical Physiology, Division of Medicine, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2014
Explanatory mechanisms for the association between poor exercise capacity and infections following surgery are underexplored. We hypothesized that aerobic fitness-assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET)-would be associated with circulating inflammatory markers, as quantified by the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte subsets. The association between cardiopulmonary reserve and inflammation was tested ...
Gholamnezhad Zahra Z Neurogenic Inflammation Research Centre and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
The effect of prolonged overtraining on cytokine kinetics was compared with moderate exercise in the present study. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control sedentary (C), moderate trained (MT), (V=20 m/min, 30 min/day for 6 days a week, 8 weeks), overtrained (OT) (V=25 m/min, 60min/day for 6 days a ...
Jakubsevičienė Edita E Institute of Cardiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukilėlių St. 17, Kaunas 50161, Lithuania. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a supervised exercise program (SEP) plus at home nonsupervised exercise therapy (non-SET) on functional status, quality of life (QoL) and hemodynamic response in post-lower-limb bypass surgery patients. One hundred and seventeen patients were randomized to an intervention (n = ...
Lebon Johann J From the 1Research Center on Aging, 2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, and 3Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2013
Isoflavones and exercise have been shown to affect C-reactive protein (CRP) and body composition and to act synergistically on trunk and total fat mass (FM), glucose metabolism, and lean body mass in postmenopausal women with a body mass index higher than 25 kg/m. We hypothesized that exercise and isoflavone supplementation ...
Tsai Chia-Liang CL Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to explore various behavioral and neuroelectric indices after acute aerobic exercise in young adults with different cardiorespiratory fitness levels when performing a cognitive task, and also to gain a mechanistic understanding of the effects of such exercise using the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ...
van der Horst Nick N Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports, University Medical Center Utrecht, , Utrecht, The - - 2013
Hamstring injuries are the most common muscle injury in male amateur soccer players and have a high rate of recurrence, often despite extensive treatment and long rehabilitation periods. Eccentric strength and flexibility are recognised as important modifiable risk factors, which have led to the development of eccentric hamstring exercises, such ...
Wiskemann J - - 2013
Patients undergoing allo-HCT often experience a substantial loss in physical performance. We have recently published the general effectiveness of an exercise intervention in 105 allo-HCT patients on physical performance and psychosocial well-being. However, predictor variables for differentiated treatment response remained unclear. To determine the impact of basic physical performance on ...
Pouwels Sjaak - - 2013
The impact of postoperative complications after Major Abdominal Surgery (MAS) is substantial, especially when socio-economical aspects are taken into account. This systematic review focuses on the effects of preoperative exercise therapy (PEXT) on physical fitness prior to MAS, length of hospital admission and postoperative complications in patients eligible for MAS, ...
Grant Richard W - - 2013
Lack of regular physical activity is highly prevalent in U.S. adults and significantly increases mortality risk. To examine the clinical impact of a newly implemented program ("Exercise as a Vital Sign" [EVS]) designed to systematically ascertain patient-reported exercise levels at the beginning of each outpatient visit. The EVS program was ...
Kılıç M - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible role of moderate and strenuous swimming training on plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IL-6 (interleukin-6) levels during recovery from exhaustive exercise in rats. Wistar rats were divided into three groups: sedentary control (C), moderately trained (MT) and strenuously trained (ST). ...
Fine Nowell M - - 2013
To determine the frequency and prognostic significance of abnormal exercise echocardiographic results for patients achieving a workload of 10 or more metabolic equivalents during treadmill exercise echocardiography. Patients who underwent treadmill exercise echocardiography from November 1, 2003, through December 31, 2008, and exercised for 9 or more minutes using the ...
Tahamtan Mahshid M Physiology-Pharmacology Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. ashamsi@rums.ac.ir; - - 2013
There is evidence that exercise decreases ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Since behavioral deficits are the main outcome in patients after stroke, our study was designed to investigate whether exercise preconditioning improves the acute behavioral functions and also brain inflammatory injury following cerebral ischemia. Male rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly ...
Hill Andrew Gordon AG Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary Hospital, Tomewin Street, Currumbin, Qld 4224, Australia. - - 2013
Abstract: Two white-headed pigeons (Columba leucomela) developed deep pectoral myopathy 2 days after vigorous exercise associated with capture. Clinical signs included lethargy and an inability to raise the wings above the head. Gross pathology consistently revealed marked pallor and edema of the supracoracoideus muscle, and histopathology revealed severe myofiber degeneration. ...
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