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Powers Scott K SK Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; - - 2014
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury can cause ventricular cell death and is a major pathological event leading to morbidity and mortality in those with coronary artery disease. Interestingly, as few as five bouts of exercise on consecutive days can rapidly produce a cardiac phenotype that resists IR-induced myocardial injury. This review ...
Knudsen Jakob G JG Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Expression of brown adipose tissue (BAT) associated proteins like uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in inguinal WAT (iWAT) has been suggested to alter iWAT metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in exercise training and cold exposure-induced iWAT UCP1 expression. The effect of daily ...
Hoffman Martin D MD Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, and University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, United States of - - 2014
Regular exercise is associated with substantial health benefits; however, little is known about the health impact of extreme levels of exercise. This study examined the prevalence of chronic diseases, health-care utilization, and risk factors for exercise-related injuries among ultramarathon runners. Retrospective, self-reported enrollment data from an ongoing longitudinal observational study ...
Galvin Rose R School of Physiotherapy, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, - - 2014
Background: Family members and caregivers play a significant supporting role in the rehabilitation process after stroke, a role that may increase with the growing trend of providing stroke rehabilitation in the individual's own home after discharge from the hospital. Objective: To explore the impact of family involvement in exercise delivery ...
Zwetsloot Kevin A KA Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, - - 2014
1) the extent to which an acute session of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases systemic inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and 2) whether 2 weeks of HIIT training alters the inflammatory response. Eight recreationally active males (aged 22±2 years) performed 2 weeks of HIIT on a cycle ergometer (six HIIT sessions ...
Yazigi Solis Marina M School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255, 05403-000 Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
It has been suggested that the abrupt liposuction-induced decrease in adipose tissue could affect adipokine secretion pattern. We hypothesized that exercise training could positively impact adipokine metabolism following liposuction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of liposuction on inflammation-related adipokines in women who were either exercise-trained ...
Lembke Peter P Bioseutica, Rhinebeck , New - - 2014
A clinical study was undertaken to evaluate the associations between the tissue levels of omega-3 (N3), also known as the Omega-3 Index (N3 Index), on various clinical and quality of life outcomes in healthy young adults after heavy eccentric exercise.. To ensure an adequate number of participants with an elevated ...
Gholamnezhad Zahra Z Neurogenic Inflammation Research Centre and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Objective(s): The effect of prolonged overtraining on cytokine kinetics was compared with moderate exercise in the present study. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control sedentary (C), moderate trained (MT), (V=20 m/min, 30 min/day for 6 days a week, 8 weeks), overtrained (OT) (V=25 m/min, 60min/day ...
Park Young-Min - - 2014
Our current environment has led to a vicious cycle of physical inactivity, obesity, and chronic inflammation, creating the "perfect storm" for metabolic diseases. White adipose tissue (WAT) is the major source of obesity/ inactivity-related inflammation; in turn, inflammation leads to insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction. Inactivity, even in the absence ...
Szalai Zita Z Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Szeged, Közép Fasor 52, Szeged 6726, - - 2014
Whether physical exercise has a protective effect or not on the onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Therefore, we investigated the effects of recreational physical exercise before the induction of colitis. After 6 weeks of voluntary physical activity (running wheel), male Wistar rats were treated with TNBS (10 mg). 72 hrs after ...
Krawczyk Maciej M Faculty of Physiotherapy J. Piłsudski's Academy of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland. 2nd Dept. of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, - - 2014
The functional gait problems encountered by stroke patients include impaired balance, abnormal gait pattern with marked asymmetry, pathological trunk and spinal motion. Many different methods of physiotherapy are used to improve functional ability (especially gait) in stroke patients, but their efficacy and outcome are often not objectively assessed. The goal ...
Brenmoehl Julia J 1. Institute for Genome Biology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, - - 2014
Recent findings regarding the response of fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (Fndc5) and irisin to exercise are partly controversial. While the 25 kDa form of Fndc5 can be observed in muscle and serum of different species, the ~12 kDa irisin band was not detectable up to now. The present ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe MR Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital of Bispebjerg, Copenhagen NV, - - 2014
Inflammation plays a major role in the development of atherosclerosis. We wanted to investigate the effects of exercise on high-sensitivity (hs) C-reactive protein (CRP) in subjects who were suspected of having coronary artery disease (CAD). Blood samples were obtained before, 5 minutes after, and 20 hours after an exercise test ...
Lebon Johann J From the 1Research Center on Aging, 2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, and 3Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2013
Isoflavones and exercise have been shown to affect C-reactive protein (CRP) and body composition and to act synergistically on trunk and total fat mass (FM), glucose metabolism, and lean body mass in postmenopausal women with a body mass index higher than 25 kg/m. We hypothesized that exercise and isoflavone supplementation ...
Tsai Chia-Liang CL Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to explore various behavioral and neuroelectric indices after acute aerobic exercise in young adults with different cardiorespiratory fitness levels when performing a cognitive task, and also to gain a mechanistic understanding of the effects of such exercise using the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ...
Gordon Bradley S BS University of South Carolina, Department of Exercise Science, Columbia, - - 2013
Introduction: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal genetic disease caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene resulting in chronic muscle damage, muscle wasting, and premature death. Utrophin is a dystrophin protein homologue that increases dystrophic muscle function and reduces pathology. Currently, no treatments that increase utrophin protein expression exist. ...
van der Horst Nick N Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports, University Medical Center Utrecht, , Utrecht, The - - 2013
Hamstring injuries are the most common muscle injury in male amateur soccer players and have a high rate of recurrence, often despite extensive treatment and long rehabilitation periods. Eccentric strength and flexibility are recognised as important modifiable risk factors, which have led to the development of eccentric hamstring exercises, such ...
Wiskemann J - - 2013
Patients undergoing allo-HCT often experience a substantial loss in physical performance. We have recently published the general effectiveness of an exercise intervention in 105 allo-HCT patients on physical performance and psychosocial well-being. However, predictor variables for differentiated treatment response remained unclear. To determine the impact of basic physical performance on ...
Pouwels Sjaak - - 2013
The impact of postoperative complications after Major Abdominal Surgery (MAS) is substantial, especially when socio-economical aspects are taken into account. This systematic review focuses on the effects of preoperative exercise therapy (PEXT) on physical fitness prior to MAS, length of hospital admission and postoperative complications in patients eligible for MAS, ...
Grant Richard W - - 2013
Lack of regular physical activity is highly prevalent in U.S. adults and significantly increases mortality risk. To examine the clinical impact of a newly implemented program ("Exercise as a Vital Sign" [EVS]) designed to systematically ascertain patient-reported exercise levels at the beginning of each outpatient visit. The EVS program was ...
Kılıç M - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible role of moderate and strenuous swimming training on plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IL-6 (interleukin-6) levels during recovery from exhaustive exercise in rats. Wistar rats were divided into three groups: sedentary control (C), moderately trained (MT) and strenuously trained (ST). ...
Fine Nowell M - - 2013
To determine the frequency and prognostic significance of abnormal exercise echocardiographic results for patients achieving a workload of 10 or more metabolic equivalents during treadmill exercise echocardiography. Patients who underwent treadmill exercise echocardiography from November 1, 2003, through December 31, 2008, and exercised for 9 or more minutes using the ...
Tahamtan Mahshid M Physiology-Pharmacology Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. ashamsi@rums.ac.ir; - - 2013
There is evidence that exercise decreases ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Since behavioral deficits are the main outcome in patients after stroke, our study was designed to investigate whether exercise preconditioning improves the acute behavioral functions and also brain inflammatory injury following cerebral ischemia. Male rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly ...
Hill Andrew Gordon AG Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary Hospital, Tomewin Street, Currumbin, Qld 4224, Australia. - - 2013
Abstract: Two white-headed pigeons (Columba leucomela) developed deep pectoral myopathy 2 days after vigorous exercise associated with capture. Clinical signs included lethargy and an inability to raise the wings above the head. Gross pathology consistently revealed marked pallor and edema of the supracoracoideus muscle, and histopathology revealed severe myofiber degeneration. ...
Panovský Roman R First Dept. of Internal Medicine - Cardioangiology, International Clinical Research Center - ICRC, St. Anne's Hospital, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to access and compare the prognostic effects of different types of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. One hundred fifty-two patients were retrospectively divided into 4 groups according to their adherence to physical activity recommendations. Patients in groups 1 and ...
Sim Marc M School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The post-exercise interleukin-6 (IL-6) and hepcidin response was investigated during the hormone-deplete and hormone-replete phases of an estradiol and progestogen regulated oral contraceptive cycle (OCC). Counterbalanced, repeated measures cross-over study. Ten active female monophasic oral contraceptive pill (OCP) users completed two 40min treadmill running trials at 75% of their pre-determined ...
Masiero Stefano - - 2013
Objective:To assess the 12-month's follow-up effects on pain, mobility, and physical function outcomes of a supervised training and home-based rehabilitation for ankylosing spondylitis patients stabilized with TNF-inhibitor therapy.Design:Controlled clinical trial (sequentially determined allocation) with 12-months' follow-up.Setting:Patients' homes.Subjects:A total of 69 subjects were allocated to either a rehabilitation programme (rehabilitation group, ...
Almeida P - - 2013
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an evidence-based, multidisciplinary, comprehensive intervention for patients with chronic respiratory diseases who are symptomatic and whose daily living activities are often restricted. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are designed to improve the physical and emotional condition of people with chronic respiratory disease and to promote long-term adherence to health-enhancing ...
Hayashino Yasuaki Y Department of Endocrinology, Tenri Hospital, Nara, Japan; Department of Epidemiology and Healthcare Research, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
C-reactive protein (CRP), inflammatory cytokines, and adipokines contribute to atherosclerosis, insulin resistance, and development of late-onset complication in patients with type 2 diabetes. We performed a systematic review to assess effects of exercise interventions on inflammatory markers/cytokines and adipokines. We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry) ...
Alves Thâmara - - 2013
Localized exercises are widely used in rehabilitation processes. The predominant options are exercises with an emphasis on either concentric or eccentric contractions. Eccentric exercises promote greater strength gains compared to classical concentric stimuli, but can cause muscle damage. The aim of present study was to compare strength training composed of ...
Cristi Carlos - - 2013
Abstract This study investigated in older adults whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training results in significant increases of physical fitness measures without alterations in markers of inflammation. Sixteen volunteers completed a WBV programme 3 d.wk(-1) during 9 weeks. The programme consisted of lower and upper-body unloaded static and dynamic exercises. Training ...
Bote M E - - 2013
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is associated with elevated systemic inflammatory and stress biomarkers, and an elevated innate cellular response mediated by monocytes and neutrophils. Exercise is accepted as a good non-pharmacological therapy for FM. We have previously found that regular aquatic exercise decreases the release of inflammatory cytokines by monocytes from ...
Rosety-Rodriguez M - - 2013
Previous studies have reported that obese people with trisomy 21 suffer from low-grade systemic inflammation. A recent study has found that aerobic training reduced inflammation in obese women with Down syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, the study reported in this paper is the first to determine for how ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2013
Examine mediators of fatigue response to an exercise intervention for breast cancer survivors (BCS) in a pilot randomized controlled trial. Postmenopausal BCS (n=46; ≤ Stage II), off primary treatment, and reporting fatigue and/or sleep dysfunction were randomized to a 3-month exercise intervention (160 minutes/week of moderate intensity aerobic walking, twice ...
Moreira Neide Martins - - 2013
Trypanosoma cruzi causes neuronal myenteric depopulation compromising intestinal function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of moderate physical exercise on NADH diaphorase (NADH-d)-positive neurons in the myenteric plexus and intestinal wall of the colon in mice infected with T. cruzi. Forty 30-day-old male Swiss mice were ...
Biering-Sørensen Tor - - 2013
-Two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE) detects early signs of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction; however, it is unknown if myocardial strain analysis at rest in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris (SAP) predicts the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). -In total 296 consecutive patients with clinically suspected SAP, no previous cardiac ...
Nathan Indira - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that exercise may improve symptoms in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aims to explore issues that clinicians may need to consider when giving advice on exercise to such individuals. Limited existing evidence suggests that low to moderate physical activity may improve symptoms without ...
Hackney Anthony Carl AC Department of Exercise & Sport Sciences, Applied Physiology Laboratory, AND Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2013
The Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) is a physically debilitating medical condition that results in athletes being totally compromised in their capacity to perform and compete. Many physiological systems are affected by the process of overtraining and the development of the OTS which results from it; but one system in particular, the ...
Moreira Neide M NM Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, - - 2013
This study evaluated the influence of moderate physical exercise on the myenteric neurons in the colonic intestinal wall of mice that had been infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Parasitology and immunological aspects of the mice were considered. Forty-day-old male Swiss mice were divided into four groups: Trained Infected (TI), Sedentary Infected ...
Pozzi F - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the gold standard treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Most patients report successful long-term outcomes and reduced pain after TKA, but recovery is variable and the majority of patients continue to demonstrate lower extremity muscle weakness and functional deficits compared to age-matched control subjects. Given the ...
Quinn Lebris S - - 2013
Physical exercise induces transient upregulation of the pro-oxidative mediators PPARδ, SIRT1, PGC-1α and PGC-1β in skeletal muscle. To determine the role of the cytokine interleukin-15 (IL-15) in acute post-exercise induction of these molecules, expression of these factors following a bout of exhaustive treadmill running was examined in the gastrocnemius muscle ...
Phillips Melody D - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of an energy drink (ED) on cycling performance and immune-related variables. Eleven trained male cyclists (33.4 ± 8.9 yr, 81 ± 7.6 kg, maximal VO2 52 ± 3.4 ml[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) consumed 500 mL of 1)ED (2.0g taurine, 1.2 g ...
Coelho Flávia Gomes de Melo - - 2013
Studies indicate the involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Decreased BDNF levels may constitute a lack of trophic support and contribute to cognitive impairment in AD. The benefits of acute and chronic physical exercise on BDNF levels are well-documented in humans, however, exercise ...
Parmenter Belinda J - - 2013
To assess the efficacy of whole-body progressive resistance training (PRT) as a treatment for the symptoms of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in older adults. Randomized controlled pilot trial. University clinical weight training facility in Sydney, Australia. Twenty-two older adults with symptomatic PAD. The efficacy of supervised whole-body high-intensity PRT (H-PRT) ...
Shing Cecilia M - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the effects of multi-strain probiotics supplementation on gastrointestinal permeability, systemic markers of inflammation and running performance when exercising in the heat. Ten male runners were randomized to 4 weeks of daily supplementation with a probiotics capsule (45 billion CFU of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Streptococcus strains) or ...
Knab Amy M AM a Human Performance Laboratory, Appalachian State University, North Carolina Research Campus, 600 Laureate Way, Kannapolis, NC 28081, - - 2014
A freeze-dried fruit and vegetable juice powder (JUICE) was investigated as a countermeasure nutritional strategy to exercise-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune perturbations in trained cyclists. Thirty-four cyclists (25 male, 9 female) were randomized to control (nonJUICE) or JUICE for 17 days. JUICE provided 230 mg·day(-1) of flavonoids, doubling the ...
Tajra Vitor - - 2013
Resistance exercise is used as a non-pharmacological tool to elicit both gains in and maintenance of physical function in the elderly. Thus, the present study examined the acute response of creatine kinase and interleukin-6 following an eccentric resistance exercise session in elderly obese women classified as high responders or normal ...
da Silva Ae - - 2013
BackgroundAcute exercise increases IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α levels in healthy subjects. There is no study evaluating the effect of exercise on cytokines level in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.ObjectiveOur aim was to assess IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-α levels at baseline and after acute physical exercise in patients with SLE.MethodsIn total, ...
Zhang Yang - - 2013
We designed a retrospective study of preoperative tracheal stretch exercise (TSE) before anterior cervical spine surgery. The changes of vital signs before and during the surgery and the postoperative clinical outcome were recorded and compared with none treated patients. To evaluate if the preoperative TSE is beneficial to the anterior ...
Pascoe April R - - 2013
Vaccination programs, although feted for success in reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality, are limited by vaccine efficacy, which is particularly problematic in populations with reduced immune function. Exercise has been identified as a behavioural factor that can improve immune function in some settings and cohorts, and therefore, in the ...
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