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Williams Paul T PT Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the relationships of running and walking to mortality in diabetic subjects. We studied the mortality surveillance between January 1, 1989 and December 31, 2008, of 2160 participants of the National Walkers' and Runners' Health Studies who reported using diabetic medications at baseline. Hazard ratios (HR) ...
Samaan M Constantine MC Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Ontario, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation that involves infiltration of macrophages into metabolic organs such as skeletal muscle. Exercise enhances skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity independently of weight loss; but its role in regulating muscle inflammation is not fully understood. We hypothesized that exercise training would inhibit skeletal muscle inflammation ...
McEwen Daniel D From the Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (D.M., A.T.-H., M.B., H.F.); School of Rehabilitation Sciences (D.M., M.B., H.S.), School of Human Kinetics (M.B., H.S., H.F.), and Faculty of Medicine (H.F.), University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Elisabeth Bruyère Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Exercise using virtual reality (VR) has improved balance in adults with traumatic brain injury and community-dwelling older adults. Rigorous randomized studies regarding its efficacy, safety, and applicability with individuals after stroke are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an adjunct VR therapy improves balance, mobility, and ...
Nieman David C DC Appalachian State - - 2014
Bioactive oxidized linoleic acid metabolites (OXLAMs) include 13- and 9-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE + 9-HODE), and have been linked to oxidative stress, inflammation, and pathological and physiological states. The purpose of this study was to measure changes in plasma 13-HODE + 9-HODE following a 75-km cycling bout and identify potential linkages ...
Wang Henry E HE Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alabama School of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors sought to determine the association between physical inactivity (characterized by exercise and television watching levels) and long-term rates of community-acquired sepsis. Population-based cohort study of 30,183 adult (≥45years) community-dwelling participants. Subjects reported weekly exercise (low=none, medium=1-3 times/week, high=≥4 times/week) and daily television watching (low=<1hour/day, medium=1-3 hours/day, high=≥4hours/day) levels. ...
Nery Rosane Maria RM Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Background: Several studies have shown that Tai Chi Chuan can improve cardiac function in patients with heart disease. Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess the effects of Tai Chi Chuan on cardiac rehabilitation for patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: We performed a search for ...
Francisco C O CO Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiorespiratory fitness and pulmonary function and the relationship with metabolic variables and C-reactive protein (CRP) plasma levels in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM). Nineteen men with diabetes and 19 age- and gender-matched control subjects were studied. All individuals were given incremental cardiopulmonary ...
Greulich Timm - - 2014
Patients with stable COPD show improvements in exercise capacity and muscular function after the application of whole body vibration. We aimed to evaluate whether this modality added to conventional physiotherapy in exacerbated hospitalised COPD patients would be safe and would improve exercise capacity and quality of life. 49 hospitalised exacerbated ...
Turner D D Applied Sports, Technology, Exercise and Medicine Research Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea; Diabetes Research Group, College of Medicine, Swansea University, Singleton Park, - - 2014
To determine the influence of different volumes of resistance exercise on circulating interleukin-6 (IL-6) and to explore the relationships between IL-6 and glycaemia. Eight participants with complication-free Type 1 diabetes, whose mean ± sem age was 38 (6) years, mean ± sem HbA1c concentration was 71 ±11 mmol/mol (8.7 ±1.0%) ...
Viana João L JL School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, United - - 2014
CKD is associated with a complex state of immune dysfunction characterized by immune depression, predisposing patients to infections, and immune activation, resulting in inflammation that associates with higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Physical exercise may enhance immune function and exert anti-inflammatory effects, but such effects are unclear in CKD. We ...
Heavens Kristen R KR Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, - - 2014
Heavens, KR, Szivak, TK, Hooper, DR, Dunn-Lewis, C, Comstock, BA, Flanagan, SD, Looney, DP, Kupchak, BR, Maresh, CM, Volek, JS, and Kraemer, WJ. The effects of high intensity short rest resistance exercise on muscle damage markers in men and women. J Strength Cond Res 28(4): 1041-1049, 2014-Within and between sexes, ...
Metzger Jean-Claude - - 2014
Neurocognitive therapy, according to the Perfetti method, proposes exercises that challenge motor, sensory as well as cognitive functions of neurologically impaired patients. At the level of the hand, neurocognitive exercises typically involve haptic exploration and interaction with objects of various shapes and mechanical properties. Haptic devices are thus an ideal ...
Maskarinec Gregory G GG 1University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI, - - 2014
Background. The Hula Empowering Lifestyle Adaption Study, funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, was a 5-year research trial evaluating the impact of the traditional Native Hawaiian dance form, hula, as an exercise modality for cardiac rehabilitation, compared with usual care, on individuals recently hospitalized for ...
Kakanis Michael W MW 1 Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University , Queensland, Australia - - 2014
Endurance exercise can cause immunosuppression and increase the risk of upper respiratory illness. The present study examined changes in the secretion of T helper (Th) cell cytokines after endurance exercise. Ten highly trained road cyclists [mean±SEM: age 24.2±1.7 years; height 1.82±0.02 m; body mass 73.8±2.0 kg; peak oxygen uptake 65.9±2.3 mL/(kg•min)] performed 2 h ...
Castellani Laura L 1University of - - 2014
Exercise training reduces systemic and adipose tissue inflammation. However, these beneficial effects seem to be largely tied to reductions in adipose tissue mass. The purpose of the present study was to determine if exercise training confers a protective effect against an acute inflammatory challenge. We hypothesized that the induction of ...
Martin Wade H WH 3rd 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Louis Veterans Administration Medical Center and Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; 2Department of Biostatistics, St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO; 3Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; 4Department of Epidemiology, College for Public Health and Social Justice, St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO; 5Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Pharmacologic evaluations comprise ≥ 50% of imaging stress tests but exercise reduces adverse effects, improves myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) quality and diagnostic results and provides powerful prognostic and clinically important information on exercise capacity and cardiovascular responses to the relevant physiologic stress of exercise. Thus, our purpose was to determine ...
Sidell Douglas R DR Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Exercise-induced airway obstruction in pediatric patients is a unique phenomenon with multiple potential etiologies. An accurate diagnosis can be challenging to establish in pediatric patients because they are frequently asymptomatic at rest. Exercise stress laryngoscopy (ESL) is a modality by which pediatric patients can be evaluated under physiologic conditions that ...
Veltmeijer M T MT Department of Physiology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Study design:This was an observational study.Objectives:Spinal cord-injured (SCI) individuals are thermoregulatory compromised because of an inability to vasodilate and sweat below the injury, increasing the risk, proportional to the injury level, for marked core body temperature (CBT) rises. We compared thermoregulatory responses between wheelchair tennis players with and without a ...
Wang Chia-Hui CH Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C; Department of Nursing, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan, - - 2014
We conducted this study to investigate how an exercise program affects the risk components of metabolic syndrome (MS), serum interleukin (IL)-6 levels, and exercise capacity in postmenopausal women. A randomized clinical trial design was used. Women in an exercise group participated in a treadmill-exercise program for 12 weeks, whereas women ...
Wadley Alex J AJ School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK; School of Sport, Exercise & Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 - - 2014
Mental stress is considered to be a trigger for acute myocardial infarction (MI), with inflammation thought to provide a mechanism. Inflammation is reciprocally linked to oxidative stress, which has also been implicated in MI. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of experimentally-induced inflammation on the oxidative ...
Moreira Neide Martins NM Graduate Program in Health Sciences, State University of Maringa, Columbus Avenue, 5790, Zone 07, Maringá, PR, 87020-900, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the parasitemia, nitrergic neurons, and cytokines in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected mice subjected to moderate physical exercise, forty male Swiss mice, 30 days of age, were divided: Trained Control (TC), Trained Infected (TI), Sedentary Control (SC), and Sedentary Infected (SI). The moderate physical exercise program on a treadmill lasted 8 ...
Nikseresht Mahmoud M 1Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 2Department of Exercise Physiology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. 3Department of Sport and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, - - 2014
Regular exercise training has been shown to reduce systemic inflammation but there is limited research directly comparing different types of training. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of nonlinear resistance training (NRT) and aerobic interval training (AIT) on serum interleukin-10 (IL-10), IL-20 and tumor necrosis factor ...
Chang Nai-Wen NW Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Nursing, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
To examine the effects of an early postoperative walking exercise programme on postlobectomy lung cancer patients. Few interventional studies on the postoperative health status of lung cancer patients have considered the efficacy of programmes designed to improve critical health variables. A two-group quasi-experimental, longitudinal approach repeated four times examined participant ...
Landers-Ramos Rian Q RQ University of Maryland, College Park, MD, - - 2014
Endurance exercise training can ameliorate many cardiovascular and metabolic disorders and attenuate responses to inflammatory stimuli. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the angiogenic and pro-inflammatory cytokine response to acute endurance exercise differs between endurance-trained and sedentary young men. Ten endurance-trained and ten sedentary healthy young men ...
Ramos Ercy Mara Cipulo EM 1Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Sao Paulo, Presidente Prudente, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the effects of elastic tubing training compared with conventional resistance training on the improvement of functional exercise capacity, muscle strength, fat-free mass, and systemic inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Design:A prospective, randomized, eight-week clinical trial.Setting:The study was conducted in a university-based, outpatient, physical therapy clinic.Subjects:A total ...
Serravite Daniel H DH Florida International University, Department of Teaching and Learning, Miami, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whole body periodic acceleration (pGz) on exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD) related symptoms induced by unaccustomed eccentric arm exercise. Seventeen active young men (23.4 ± 4.6 yrs) made six visits to the research facility over a two-week period. On ...
Gonzalez Adam M AM Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, Sport and Exercise Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, 32816, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of cold water immersion (CWI) with and without the free acid form of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB-FA) on markers of muscle damage following acute lower body resistance exercise. Forty recreationally resistance-trained men (22.3 ± 2.4 years) were randomly divided into one of the four ...
Bolsin S S Barwon Health - Department of Perioperative Medicine, Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Geelong Hospital, Ryrie Street, Geelong, VIC 3220, - - 2014
We report a case of improved cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) test outcomes measured 48 h after initial CPX testing and immediately after alterations were made to the settings of a dual chamber, dual sensing pacemaker with exercise detection. The changes allowed successful abdominal surgery to be completed.
Yurtdaş Mustafa M aDepartment of Cardiology, Van Region Training and Research Hospital bDepartment of Cardiology, Istanbul Hospital, Van cDepartment of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, - - 2014
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are measures of systemic inflammation. Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is influenced by autonomic function. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether HRR and the Duke Treadmill Score (DTS) values are related to NLR and PLR in patients ...
Adamopoulos Stamatis S Heart Failure Unit, Stress Testing & Rehabilitation, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Athens, - - 2014
Vent-HeFT is a multicentre randomized trial designed to investigate the potential additive benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on aerobic training (AT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Forty-three CHF patients with a mean age of 58 ± 12 years, peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2 ) 17.9 ± 5 mL/kg/min, and LVEF 29.5 ± 5% ...
Goudakos John K JK First Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, AHEPA University Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The management of patients with unilateral acute vestibular neuritis (VN) has not been established to date. OBJECTIVE To compare the use of vestibular exercises vs corticosteroid therapy in the recovery of patients with acute VN. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective, single-blind, randomized clinical trial at a primary referral center. ...
Faulkner Steve H SH School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, - - 2014
This study aimed to quantify the relationship between venous and capillary blood sampling methods for the measurement of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6). A parallel study was conducted to determine the possibility of measuring IL-6 in sweat using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and investigate the relationship between plasma- and sweat-derived measures ...
Thirapatarapong Wilawan W Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand; Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common concomitant condition and an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Since COPD and CAD can both independently cause reduced exercise capacity, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the combination of these diseases may compound the ...
Mendes-Filho Antonio Moreira AM Department of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Background : Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a worldwide prevalent condition that exhibits a large variety of signs and symptoms of esophageal or extra-esophageal nature and can be related to the esophagic adenocarcinoma. In the last few years, greater importance has been given to the influence of physical exercises on it. ...
Ziemann Ewa E Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Department of Physiology, Kazimierza Gorskiego 1, Gdańsk, - - 2014
Inflammation may accompany obesity and a variety of diseases, or result from excessive exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of whole-body cryostimulation on the inflammatory response induced by eccentric exercise under laboratory conditions. The study also sought to establish if cold treatment changes the ...
Wright-Beatty Heather E HE Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics 125 University Private, University of Ottawa, Montpetit Hall, Room 367, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, - - 2014
Repeated strenuous work in the heat may predispose firefighters to augmented immune responses and inflammation. This study examined the immune responses in 12 older Firefighters (FF) and 12 older Non-Firefighters (Non-FF), and a group of 6 young FF and 6 young Non-FF, following intermittent exercise in the heat. The participants, ...
Stockdale Jennifer J Blackpool Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Blackpool, - - 2014
Exercise has traditionally been an important part of the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in order to maintain spinal mobility. Additionally, anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) medication has been proven highly effective in treating the condition. Over recent years, a few papers have shown the synergistic effect of combining anti-TNFα medication ...
Arbane G G NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Guy's and St Thomas' Foundation Trust and Kings College London, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of a combined hospital plus home exercise programme following curative surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Randomised controlled trial. Teaching hospital. One hundred and thirty-one subjects with NSCLC admitted for curative surgery. Participants were randomised to usual care or a hospital plus home exercise programme. ...
Mavros Yorgi Y Exercise Health and Performance Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, - - 2014
Reductions in skeletal muscle mass and increased adiposity are key elements in the aging process and in the pathophysiology of several chronic diseases. Systemic low grade inflammation associated with obesity has been shown to accelerate the age-related decline in skeletal muscle. The aim of this investigation was to determine the ...
Catoire Milene M Wageningen - - 2014
Endurance exercise is associated with significant improvements in cardio-metabolic risk parameters. A role for myokines has been hypothesized, yet limited information is available about myokines induced by acute endurance exercise in humans. Therefore the aim of the study was to identify novel exercise-induced myokines in humans. To this end, we ...
Jenkins Nathaniel D M ND Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583-0806. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of anatabine supplementation in conjunction with unilateral, maximal eccentric isokinetic muscle actions on serum markers of muscle damage and pro-inflammatory cytokines in humans. Seventeen men (mean ± S.D. age = 22.4 ± 3.2 yrs) participated in this double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover ...
Gonzalez Adam M AM University of Central - - 2014
The inflammatory response to muscle damaging exercise requires monocyte mobilization and adhesion. Complement receptor type 3 (CR3) and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1β enables monocyte recruitment, adhesion, and subsequent infiltration into damaged muscle tissue. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cold water immersion (CWI) and/or β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate ...
Hoogeboom Thomas J TJ aDepartment of Epidemiology/CAPHRI research school/Centre for Care technology Research (CCTR), Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht bDepartment of Physical Therapy, Gelderse Vallei Hospital, Ede cChild Development and Exercise Center, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht dTNO, Healthy Living, Leiden, The - - 2014
Advances in medical care have led to an increasing elderly population. Elderly individuals should be able to participate in society as long as possible. However, with an increasing age their adaptive capacity gradually decreases, specially before and after major life events (like hospitalization and surgery) making them vulnerable to reduced ...
Barcin C C Department of Cardiology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
Red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. We aimed to find out if this association could be explained by impaired exercise capacity in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). The patients who underwent exercise treadmill test (ETT) who have non-obstructive CAD and were free of ...
Cechella José L JL Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, 97105-900, - - 2014
The levels of circulatory inflammatory markers, including interleukin (IL) IL-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon (INF-γ), are known to increase associated to aging. Caffeine has been reported to produce many beneficial effects for health. Exercise is considered to be a safe medicine to attenuate inflammation and cellular senescence. ...
Pardaens Sofie S Department of Internal Medicine, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Information on exercise capacity and training in patients who underwent valvular surgery is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate postoperative exercise capacity and functional improvement after exercise training according to the preoperative risk and type of surgery. In this prospective study, 145 patients who underwent aortic valve ...
Hickmann Cheryl E CE Department of Critical Care Medicine, Cliniques universitaires Saint Luc, Saint Luc University Hospital, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), 10, Avenue Hippocrate, 1200, Brussels, - - 2014
Resting energy expenditure (REE) determination is of high relevance to avoid both overfeeding and underfeeding. We conducted an observational study to determine the impact of early exercise on energy requirements to adjust caloric intake accordingly in critically ill patients. This was a prospective observational study conducted in an intensive care ...
Boss H M HM Department of Neurology, Sint Lucas Andreas Hospital, Jan Tooropstraat, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Despite the beneficial effect of cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction, a rehabilitation program to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and influence secondary prevention has not been implemented for ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). To investigate the safety and feasibility of a post-stroke care including an exercise program after minor ischemic ...
Ranadive Sushant M SM 1 Mayo Clinic, United - - 2014
Acute inflammation reduces flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and increases arterial stiffness in young healthy individuals. However, this response has not been studied in older adults. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute induced systemic inflammation on endothelial function and wave reflection in older adults. Furthermore, ...
Crandall Katy K University of Dundee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, 11 Airlie Place, Dundee DD1 4HJ, Scotland, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Surgery remains the best curative option for appropriately selected patients with lung cancer. Evidence suggests that improving cardiovascular fitness and functional capacity can accelerate post-surgery recovery and reduce mortality. However, the effect of exercise intervention for patients surgically treated for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer [NCSLC] has not been fully examined. ...
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