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Lucas, Samuel John Edwin
Little is known about the strain and consequences of very prolonged and sustained exercise lasting multiple days. This thesis comprises two multi-day exercise field studies and a 24-h, controlled-trial field/laboratory study. The field studies were undertaken using international adventure races (2003 and 2004 Southern Traverses: 86-120 h) to profile exercise ...
McMorris T - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to examine the usage of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) in the brain when exercising while simultaneously undertaking cognitive tests. Plasma concentrations of the NE metabolite 3-methoxy 4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) and the DA metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA) showed a linear increase from rest to exercising ...
Højbjerre Lise - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied how an acute bout of exercise influences expression and concentration of adiponectin and regulators of adiponectin in adipose tissue and plasma. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight overweight and eight lean males were examined by large-pore microdialysis in s.c. abdominal adipose tissue (SCAAT) and had arterialized blood sampled. On ...
Nielsen Vance G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A decrease in reaction time (R; seconds) has been considered a thrombelastographic hallmark of hypercoagulability. However, the cause of changes in R has been influenced by the method of activation (e.g., celite) and the clinical/laboratory setting (e.g., hemodilution). Although antithrombin deficiency has been implicated as a cause of decreased ...
Sims Stacy T - - 2007
This study was conducted during the high-hormone phase of both natural and oral contraceptive pill (OCP)-mediated menstrual cycles to determine whether preexercise ingestion of a concentrated sodium beverage would increase plasma volume (PV), reduce physiological strain, and aid endurance of moderately trained women cycling in warm conditions. Thirteen trained cyclists ...
Tsuchida Takaya - - 2007
Past studies suggested that plasma norepinephrine during exercise originates in sympathetic nerve endings and that the main origin differs among pathophysiological conditions. This study investigated the most important site of sympathetic terminals as an origin of plasma norepinephrine during exercise in patients with heart failure using (123)I- metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. ...
Dostalova Ivana - - 2007
Plasma leptin concentrations are markedly reduced in malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Whether the long-term underweight and low-fat stores affect the leptin response to exercise remains unknown. We investigated the effect of 45-minute cycle ergometer exercise (2 W kg-1 of lean body mass [LBM]) on plasma leptin, norepinephrine (NE), ...
Fletcher James P - - 2007
Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries incurred by participants in athletics. Conservative management of the patient after an ankle sprain includes a comprehensive rehabilitation program of which the resistance exercises are a part and are frequently advised by the clinician, many times as part of a home exercise ...
Serráo Fábio Viadanna FV Department of Physical Therapy - Federal University of São Carlos , São Carlos, SP, Brazil - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to propose a model for exercise- induced muscle injury by way of a maximal eccentric isokinetic exercise at low angular speed, and assess the time course of functional recovery of the injured quadriceps femoris muscle from the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque and electrical ...
Volpe Stella Lucia SL Division of Biobehavioral and Health Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6096, USA. - - 2007
To examine the effect of acute exhaustive exercise versus rest on short-term zinc kinetics in men. Crossover design, wherein all subjects were their own control. University setting, where subjects were free living. 12 healthy, sedentary men, 25-35 years of age. (70)Zn was infused 10 min after exercise or at rest. ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the electrolyte concentration changes in arterial plasma from high-intensity repeated bouts of cycling exercise in well-trained females and to determine the relationships between arterial plasma lactate, potassium (K+), bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), and pH with minute ventilation. Fourteen female subjects (mean age = 27 ...
Moesgaard S G - - 2007
This study examines how systemic biomarkers of endothelial function and nitric oxide metabolism are affected by exercise in dogs. Furthermore, breed variation and white-coat effect have been tested by sampling three different dog breeds both in their home and in a clinical setting. Short-term exercise increased plasma nitrate and nitrite ...
Khan Munir - - 2006
Baseline metal ion levels are elevated in patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip arthroplasty. Interpretation of baseline levels is difficult as measurements are influenced by wear, corrosion, and metal ion release from stored metal in the body. Schmalzried et al. demonstrated that "wear is the function of use, not time." The ...
Hess T M - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Electrolyte mixtures given to counter sweat loss usually contain abundant potassium. However, increases in plasma [K+] occur with exercise and supplementation may further increase plasma levels, potentially increasing the risk of neuromuscular hyperexcitability and development of adverse clinical sequellae. This proposition requires study. OBJECTIVES: To compare ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Circulating free plasma DNA is implicated in conditions associated with tissue injury, including exercise-induced inflammation, and thus is a potential marker for athletic overtraining. METHODS: We measured free plasma DNA along with C-reactive protein (CRP), creatine kinase (CK), and uric acid (UA) in 17 recreationally trained men participating in ...
Baker J S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to measure concentrations of adrenaline (A), noradrenaline (NE), free tryptophan (f-Trp), prolactin (PRL), nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and blood lactate following 30 s of high-intensity cycle ergometer exercise. Adrenaline (A) and NE concentrations increased immediately postexercise (P < 0.05) and returned to levels observed ...
Steensberg Adam - - 2006
During exercise the concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 increases in plasma, especially in fasting subjects. Both IL-6 and HSP72 are involved in a variety of metabolic and immunological processes, including some within the central nervous system and, accordingly, they are present not only in ...
Alvarez-Tamargo José A JA Unidad de Cardiología, Hospital Carmen y Severo Ochoa, Cangas del Narcea, Asturias, - - 2006
The aim of the study is to determine whether age, Sex, or the use of drugs with a negative chronotropic effect modifies the sensitivity, specificity, positive or negative predictive value, or positive or negative likelihood ratio of the high-risk criteria used in exercise testing as defined by the Spanish Society ...
Wharam Paul C - - 2006
PURPOSE: Exertional hyponatremia ((Na) < 135 mmol x L(-1)) is a potentially serious condition associated with endurance sports. It has been postulated that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use may be a risk factor. This observational cohort study aimed to determine whether NSAID use is a risk factor for exertional hyponatremia ...
Gordon Mary E - - 2007
Six Standardbred (STB) mares (11+/-2 years, 521+/-77 kg; means+/-SD) performed an exercise trial (EX) where they underwent an incremental exercise test (GXT) as well as a parallel control trial (CON) to test the hypothesis that short-term, high intensity exercise would alter plasma concentrations of glucose, leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin, insulin and ...
Riepe F G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency suffer from glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency. They have insufficient epinephrine reserves and increased basal leptin levels and are often insulin resistant. In healthy subjects, an inhibitory effect of acute catecholamine elevation on the leptin plasma concentrations has been reported. ...
Bailey Amelia Purser - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity increases the risk of cancer and atherosclerosis; the impaired regulation of angiogenesis is often associated with the development of these diseases. We hypothesize that exercise increases circulating sFlt-1, an endogenous VEGF inhibitor, which may functionally decrease plasma levels of free VEGF. MATERIAL/METHODS: 5 healthy male adults were ...
Ogaki, Tetsuro
OGAKI, T., SAITO, A., HOTTA, N., UEDA, N., KANAYA, S. and FUJINO, T., Plasma Sulpho-conjigated Catecholamine Responses to Moderate Steady-state Exercise. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.7, No.3 pp.87-92, 2001. The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the plasma sulpho-conjugated catecholamines (CA) during moderate steady-state exercise. ...
Castillo Moreno Juan A JA Sección de Cardiología, Hospital Santa María del Rosell, Cartagena, Murcia, - - 2006
Few data are available on the outcome of patients admitted to hospital with suspected acute coronary syndrome who have no high-risk factors and who undergo exercise testing before discharge. Our objectives were to investigate outcomes in this group of patients and to determine whether clinical history-taking or exercise testing can ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2006
To examine the effects of drinking an amount of water equal to weight loss on the responses of blood rheological variables, eleven healthy male subjects performed three resistance exercise trials. The aim of the first session was to determine the amount of weight loss following a resistance exercise trial at ...
Podolak M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare changes in epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) levels in blood plasma of two racehorses breeds: Arabian and Thoroughbred during moderate intensity exercise performed in the same conditions. The increase in plasma E level just after exercise was higher in Thoroughbreds ...
Kaikkonen M - - 2005
AIMS: Like potassium (K+), caesium (Cs+) tends to concentrate intracellularly. The aim here was to determine how moderate exercise affects the uptake of Cs+ from blood plasma. METHODS: After an intravenous Cs+ dose of 5 micromol kg(-1), plasma Cs+ concentration was followed for 100 min in goats and for 60 ...
Arvedsen Sine K - - 2005
Digestion is associated with gastric secretion that leads to an alkalinisation of the blood, termed the "alkaline tide". Numerous studies on different reptiles and amphibians show that while plasma bicarbonate concentration ([HCO(3)(-)](pl)) increases substantially during digestion, arterial pH (pHa) remains virtually unchanged, due to a concurrent rise in arterial PCO(2) ...
Esbjörnsson Mona - - 2006
This study evaluates a possible contribution of adipose tissue to the elimination of plasma ammonia (NH(3)) after high-intensity sprint exercise. In 14 healthy men and women, repeated blood samples for plasma NH(3) analyses were obtained from brachial artery and from a subcutaneous abdominal vein before and after three repeated 30-s ...
Shrimpton J M - - 2005
We present the first data on changes in ionoregulatory physiology of maturing, migratory adult sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka. Fraser River sockeye were intercepted in the ocean as far away as the Queen Charlotte Islands (approximately 850 km from the Fraser River) and during freshwater migration to the spawning grounds; for ...
Preston F Eric - - 2005
Severe familial factor V:C deficiency is a rare, recessively inherited coagulation disorder but there is little information in respect of the accuracy and reliability of factor V:C assays that are required for diagnosis and treatment monitoring. We present here the results of three External Quality Assessment exercises in respect of ...
Aardenburg Robert - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: In formerly preeclamptic women with a low plasma volume, the recurrence rate of preeclampsia is higher than in women with a normal prepregnant plasma volume. In a recent study, we demonstrated that the low plasma volume subgroup also had a subnormal venous capacitance. In the present study, we determined ...
Harmer Alison R - - 2006
Effects of sprint training on plasma K+ concentration ([K+]) regulation during intense exercise and on muscle Na+-K+-ATPase were investigated in subjects with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) under real-life conditions and in nondiabetic subjects (CON). Eight subjects with T1D and seven CON undertook 7 wk of sprint cycling training. Before ...
Davis P G - - 2005
AIM: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstricting peptide released mostly from vascular endothelial cells. Isolated exercise sessions of relatively long duration (=or>30 min) have produced increases in plasma ET-1 concentration while shorter exercise sessions usually have not. The purpose of the present study was to verify an effect of exercise ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to assess the correlation between the plasma concentration of ophthalmic timolol and cardiovascular parameters, and the influence of timolol on advanced haemodynamic variables, such as stroke (SI), cardiac (CI) and systemic vascular resistance (SVRI) indices and arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS: Twenty-five ...
Bur A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Transdermal nicotine patches have become a frequently prescribed tool in smoking cessation programs during the past years. However, there is circumstantial evidence that transdermal nicotine release substantially varies with physical activity producing toxic plasma concentrations that may account for severe adverse events. METHODS: We, therefore, compared nicotine release from ...
Street Darrin - - 2005
Skeletal muscle releases potassium during activity. Interstitial potassium accumulation is important for muscle function and the development of fatigue resulting from exercise. In the present study we used sodium citrate ingestion as a tool to investigate the relationship between interstitial H+ concentration and K+ accumulation during exercise. Seven healthy subjects ...
Zoladz J A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although hormonal responses to exercise performed in fed state are well documented, far less in known about the effect of a single exercise bout, performed after overnight fasting, on cardio-respiratory responses and hormones secretion. It has been reported that recently discovered hormones as leptin and ghrelin may affect cardiovascular ...
Warren Daniel E - - 2005
To evaluate the role of mineralized tissues of the leopard frog in buffering acid, we analyzed the composition of femur and auditory capsule, the latter of which encloses a portion of the endolymphatic lime sacs, and investigated the extent to which these tissues are involved in buffering lactic acid after ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine short-term changes in blood rheological variables after a single bout of resistance exercise. Twenty-one healthy males completed three sets of 5 - 7 repetitions of six exercises at an intensity corresponding to 80% of one-repetition maximum (1-RM). The average duration of the ...
Hess, Tanja Maria
Effects of potassium supplementation were evaluated in four studies in endurance horses during races and treadmill exercise. In the first and second studies a potassium-free experimental formula was compared to potassium rich commercial formulas. The first study showed that supplementation increased plasma [K+], and that the extra sodium in the ...
Wade C E - - 2005
Spaceflight and prolonged bed rest (BR) alter plasma hormone levels inconsistently. This may be due, in part, to prescription of heavy exercise as a countermeasure for ameliorating the adverse effects of disuse. The initial project was to assess exercise programs to maintain aerobic performance and leg strength during BR. The ...
Raekallio Marja R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of pretreatment with dexamethasone, physical stress (exercise), or both on sedation and plasma hormone and glucose concentrations in dogs treated with dexmedetomidine (DEX). ANIMALS: 6 healthy purpose-bred Beagles. PROCEDURE: Dogs received 4 treatments each in a randomized order prior to i.v. administration of DEX (5 ...
Bracken Richard M - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the plasma dopamine response to a controlled bout of short-duration high-intensity exercise and investigate the magnitude of the plasma dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and epinephrine (EPI) responses to this exercise after induced alkalosis. METHODS: Eight male subjects were given in randomized ...
Kargotich Stephen - - 2005
The aim of this study was to establish the pattern and time course of plasma glutamine recovery after acute, high-intensity exercise in well-trained swimmers. In Study 1, elite male swimmers (n=8) performed 15 x 100 m swimming intervals (ITS) at 70% and 95% of maximal 100m freestyle time. Resting plasma ...
Weschler Louise B - - 2005
In 1958, Edelman and colleagues empirically showed plasma sodium concentration ([Na+]p) to be primarily a function of the sum of exchangeable sodium and potassium (E) divided by total body water (TBW). Based on Edelman's equation, Nguyen and Kurtz derived an equation to show how [Na+]p changes as a function of ...
- - 2005
The objective of this health technology policy analysis was to determine, where, how, and when physiotherapy services are best delivered to optimize functional outcomes for patients after they undergo primary (first-time) total hip replacement or total knee replacement, and to determine the Ontario-specific economic impact of the best delivery strategy. ...
Jacobs Kevin A - - 2005
We evaluated the hypothesis that fatty acid reesterification would be increased during rest and exercise in the midluteal menstrual cycle phase and during oral contraceptive use, when ovarian hormone concentrations are high, compared with the early follicular phase. Subjects were eight moderately active, weight-stable, eumenorrheic women (24.8 +/- 1.2 yr, ...
Vicart S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Periodic paralysis is classified into hypokalemic (hypoPP) and hyperkalemic (hyperPP) periodic paralysis according to variations of blood potassium levels during attacks. OBJECTIVE: To describe new mutations in the muscle sodium channel gene SCN4A that cause periodic paralysis. METHODS: A thorough clinical, electrophysiologic, and molecular study was performed of four ...
Romero Sonia Maria Brazil - - 2004
Resting plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (N) concentrations for intact toads (Bufo paracnemis) were 5.57+/-1.0 and 0.88+/-0.38 ng/ml, respectively. Exercise induced a significant increase in heart rate, blood pressure and plasma epinephrine (about 4.3 times), whereas norepinephrine remained unchanged. The resting [E]/[N] ratio was 6.3 and increased to 32.9 during ...
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