Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1503
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Steensberg Adam - - 2006
During exercise the concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 increases in plasma, especially in fasting subjects. Both IL-6 and HSP72 are involved in a variety of metabolic and immunological processes, including some within the central nervous system and, accordingly, they are present not only in ...
Alvarez-Tamargo José A JA Unidad de Cardiología, Hospital Carmen y Severo Ochoa, Cangas del Narcea, Asturias, - - 2006
The aim of the study is to determine whether age, Sex, or the use of drugs with a negative chronotropic effect modifies the sensitivity, specificity, positive or negative predictive value, or positive or negative likelihood ratio of the high-risk criteria used in exercise testing as defined by the Spanish Society ...
Wharam Paul C - - 2006
PURPOSE: Exertional hyponatremia ((Na) < 135 mmol x L(-1)) is a potentially serious condition associated with endurance sports. It has been postulated that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use may be a risk factor. This observational cohort study aimed to determine whether NSAID use is a risk factor for exertional hyponatremia ...
Gordon Mary E - - 2007
Six Standardbred (STB) mares (11+/-2 years, 521+/-77 kg; means+/-SD) performed an exercise trial (EX) where they underwent an incremental exercise test (GXT) as well as a parallel control trial (CON) to test the hypothesis that short-term, high intensity exercise would alter plasma concentrations of glucose, leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin, insulin and ...
Riepe F G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency suffer from glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency. They have insufficient epinephrine reserves and increased basal leptin levels and are often insulin resistant. In healthy subjects, an inhibitory effect of acute catecholamine elevation on the leptin plasma concentrations has been reported. ...
Ogaki, Tetsuro
OGAKI, T., SAITO, A., HOTTA, N., UEDA, N., KANAYA, S. and FUJINO, T., Plasma Sulpho-conjigated Catecholamine Responses to Moderate Steady-state Exercise. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.7, No.3 pp.87-92, 2001. The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the plasma sulpho-conjugated catecholamines (CA) during moderate steady-state exercise. ...
Bailey Amelia Purser - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity increases the risk of cancer and atherosclerosis; the impaired regulation of angiogenesis is often associated with the development of these diseases. We hypothesize that exercise increases circulating sFlt-1, an endogenous VEGF inhibitor, which may functionally decrease plasma levels of free VEGF. MATERIAL/METHODS: 5 healthy male adults were ...
Podolak M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare changes in epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) levels in blood plasma of two racehorses breeds: Arabian and Thoroughbred during moderate intensity exercise performed in the same conditions. The increase in plasma E level just after exercise was higher in Thoroughbreds ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2006
To examine the effects of drinking an amount of water equal to weight loss on the responses of blood rheological variables, eleven healthy male subjects performed three resistance exercise trials. The aim of the first session was to determine the amount of weight loss following a resistance exercise trial at ...
Castillo Moreno Juan A JA Sección de Cardiología, Hospital Santa María del Rosell, Cartagena, Murcia, - - 2006
Few data are available on the outcome of patients admitted to hospital with suspected acute coronary syndrome who have no high-risk factors and who undergo exercise testing before discharge. Our objectives were to investigate outcomes in this group of patients and to determine whether clinical history-taking or exercise testing can ...
Kaikkonen M - - 2005
AIMS: Like potassium (K+), caesium (Cs+) tends to concentrate intracellularly. The aim here was to determine how moderate exercise affects the uptake of Cs+ from blood plasma. METHODS: After an intravenous Cs+ dose of 5 micromol kg(-1), plasma Cs+ concentration was followed for 100 min in goats and for 60 ...
Arvedsen Sine K - - 2005
Digestion is associated with gastric secretion that leads to an alkalinisation of the blood, termed the "alkaline tide". Numerous studies on different reptiles and amphibians show that while plasma bicarbonate concentration ([HCO(3)(-)](pl)) increases substantially during digestion, arterial pH (pHa) remains virtually unchanged, due to a concurrent rise in arterial PCO(2) ...
Esbjörnsson Mona - - 2006
This study evaluates a possible contribution of adipose tissue to the elimination of plasma ammonia (NH(3)) after high-intensity sprint exercise. In 14 healthy men and women, repeated blood samples for plasma NH(3) analyses were obtained from brachial artery and from a subcutaneous abdominal vein before and after three repeated 30-s ...
Shrimpton J M - - 2005
We present the first data on changes in ionoregulatory physiology of maturing, migratory adult sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka. Fraser River sockeye were intercepted in the ocean as far away as the Queen Charlotte Islands (approximately 850 km from the Fraser River) and during freshwater migration to the spawning grounds; for ...
Preston F Eric - - 2005
Severe familial factor V:C deficiency is a rare, recessively inherited coagulation disorder but there is little information in respect of the accuracy and reliability of factor V:C assays that are required for diagnosis and treatment monitoring. We present here the results of three External Quality Assessment exercises in respect of ...
Aardenburg Robert - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: In formerly preeclamptic women with a low plasma volume, the recurrence rate of preeclampsia is higher than in women with a normal prepregnant plasma volume. In a recent study, we demonstrated that the low plasma volume subgroup also had a subnormal venous capacitance. In the present study, we determined ...
Harmer Alison R - - 2006
Effects of sprint training on plasma K+ concentration ([K+]) regulation during intense exercise and on muscle Na+-K+-ATPase were investigated in subjects with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) under real-life conditions and in nondiabetic subjects (CON). Eight subjects with T1D and seven CON undertook 7 wk of sprint cycling training. Before ...
Davis P G - - 2005
AIM: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstricting peptide released mostly from vascular endothelial cells. Isolated exercise sessions of relatively long duration (=or>30 min) have produced increases in plasma ET-1 concentration while shorter exercise sessions usually have not. The purpose of the present study was to verify an effect of exercise ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to assess the correlation between the plasma concentration of ophthalmic timolol and cardiovascular parameters, and the influence of timolol on advanced haemodynamic variables, such as stroke (SI), cardiac (CI) and systemic vascular resistance (SVRI) indices and arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS: Twenty-five ...
Bur A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Transdermal nicotine patches have become a frequently prescribed tool in smoking cessation programs during the past years. However, there is circumstantial evidence that transdermal nicotine release substantially varies with physical activity producing toxic plasma concentrations that may account for severe adverse events. METHODS: We, therefore, compared nicotine release from ...
Street Darrin - - 2005
Skeletal muscle releases potassium during activity. Interstitial potassium accumulation is important for muscle function and the development of fatigue resulting from exercise. In the present study we used sodium citrate ingestion as a tool to investigate the relationship between interstitial H+ concentration and K+ accumulation during exercise. Seven healthy subjects ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine short-term changes in blood rheological variables after a single bout of resistance exercise. Twenty-one healthy males completed three sets of 5 - 7 repetitions of six exercises at an intensity corresponding to 80% of one-repetition maximum (1-RM). The average duration of the ...
Warren Daniel E - - 2005
To evaluate the role of mineralized tissues of the leopard frog in buffering acid, we analyzed the composition of femur and auditory capsule, the latter of which encloses a portion of the endolymphatic lime sacs, and investigated the extent to which these tissues are involved in buffering lactic acid after ...
Zoladz J A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although hormonal responses to exercise performed in fed state are well documented, far less in known about the effect of a single exercise bout, performed after overnight fasting, on cardio-respiratory responses and hormones secretion. It has been reported that recently discovered hormones as leptin and ghrelin may affect cardiovascular ...
Hess, Tanja Maria
Effects of potassium supplementation were evaluated in four studies in endurance horses during races and treadmill exercise. In the first and second studies a potassium-free experimental formula was compared to potassium rich commercial formulas. The first study showed that supplementation increased plasma [K+], and that the extra sodium in the ...
Wade C E - - 2005
Spaceflight and prolonged bed rest (BR) alter plasma hormone levels inconsistently. This may be due, in part, to prescription of heavy exercise as a countermeasure for ameliorating the adverse effects of disuse. The initial project was to assess exercise programs to maintain aerobic performance and leg strength during BR. The ...
Raekallio Marja R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of pretreatment with dexamethasone, physical stress (exercise), or both on sedation and plasma hormone and glucose concentrations in dogs treated with dexmedetomidine (DEX). ANIMALS: 6 healthy purpose-bred Beagles. PROCEDURE: Dogs received 4 treatments each in a randomized order prior to i.v. administration of DEX (5 ...
Bracken Richard M - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the plasma dopamine response to a controlled bout of short-duration high-intensity exercise and investigate the magnitude of the plasma dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and epinephrine (EPI) responses to this exercise after induced alkalosis. METHODS: Eight male subjects were given in randomized ...
Kargotich Stephen - - 2005
The aim of this study was to establish the pattern and time course of plasma glutamine recovery after acute, high-intensity exercise in well-trained swimmers. In Study 1, elite male swimmers (n=8) performed 15 x 100 m swimming intervals (ITS) at 70% and 95% of maximal 100m freestyle time. Resting plasma ...
Weschler Louise B - - 2005
In 1958, Edelman and colleagues empirically showed plasma sodium concentration ([Na+]p) to be primarily a function of the sum of exchangeable sodium and potassium (E) divided by total body water (TBW). Based on Edelman's equation, Nguyen and Kurtz derived an equation to show how [Na+]p changes as a function of ...
- - 2005
The objective of this health technology policy analysis was to determine, where, how, and when physiotherapy services are best delivered to optimize functional outcomes for patients after they undergo primary (first-time) total hip replacement or total knee replacement, and to determine the Ontario-specific economic impact of the best delivery strategy. ...
Jacobs Kevin A - - 2005
We evaluated the hypothesis that fatty acid reesterification would be increased during rest and exercise in the midluteal menstrual cycle phase and during oral contraceptive use, when ovarian hormone concentrations are high, compared with the early follicular phase. Subjects were eight moderately active, weight-stable, eumenorrheic women (24.8 +/- 1.2 yr, ...
Vicart S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Periodic paralysis is classified into hypokalemic (hypoPP) and hyperkalemic (hyperPP) periodic paralysis according to variations of blood potassium levels during attacks. OBJECTIVE: To describe new mutations in the muscle sodium channel gene SCN4A that cause periodic paralysis. METHODS: A thorough clinical, electrophysiologic, and molecular study was performed of four ...
Romero Sonia Maria Brazil - - 2004
Resting plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (N) concentrations for intact toads (Bufo paracnemis) were 5.57+/-1.0 and 0.88+/-0.38 ng/ml, respectively. Exercise induced a significant increase in heart rate, blood pressure and plasma epinephrine (about 4.3 times), whereas norepinephrine remained unchanged. The resting [E]/[N] ratio was 6.3 and increased to 32.9 during ...
Jürimäe Jaak - - 2005
The purpose of present study was to investigate plasma adiponectin response to acute exercise in highly trained male rowers. Ten rowers performed a maximal 6,000-m rowing ergometer test [mean performance time approximately 20 min; 1,200.8 (29.9) s], and venous blood samples were obtained before, immediately after and after 30 min ...
Brown Malcolm - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) at rest and during exercise when given by continuous intravenous infusion intended to maintain relatively constant plasma concentrations. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of NAC were measured in 24 healthy male subjects during and after a two-stage intravenous infusion designed to ...
Schenk Simon - - 2005
High plasma fatty acid availability and a positive energy balance in sedentary individuals reduce insulin sensitivity. This study's purpose was to determine whether high plasma fatty acid availability and systemic caloric excess after exercise also impair insulin sensitivity. On two separate occasions, seven nonobese women performed 90 min of exercise ...
Waters Wendy W - - 2005
Head-down bed rest changes the values of many cardiovascular and endocrine variables and also elicits significant hypovolemia. Because previous studies had not controlled for hypovolemia, it is unknown whether the reported changes were primary effects of bed rest or secondary effects of bed rest-induced hypovolemia. We hypothesized that restoring plasma ...
Miller Benjamin F - - 2005
An emerging technique used for the study of metabolic regulation is the elevation of lactate concentration with a sodium-lactate infusion, the lactate clamp (LC). However, hematological and acid-base properties affected by the infusion of hypertonic solutions containing the osmotically active strong ions sodium (Na(+)) and lactate (Lac(-)) are a concern ...
Walsh Neil P - - 2004
PURPOSE: Firstly, to identify whether saliva flow rate, osmolality, and total protein are potential markers of hydration, we compared changes in these parameters with changes in plasma osmolality during progressive dehydration. Secondly, we compared the sensitivity of saliva parameters to track hydration changes with the sensitivity of urine osmolality. Thirdly, ...
Holte Kathrine - - 2004
PURPOSE: Despite the universal use of bowel preparation before colonoscopy and colorectal surgery, the physiologic effects have not been described in a standardized setting. This study was designed to investigate the physiologic effects of bowel preparation. METHODS: In a prospective study, 12 healthy volunteers (median age, 63 years) underwent bowel ...
Meludu, S. C.
Anaerobic exercise, a non 02 – dependent energy metabolism leads to transient metabolic changes, which are corrected gradually by homestatic mechanism. We investigated in eight male subjects, the effects of anaerobic exercise after a day sedentary activity on serum mineral concentration. There was significant variation in the concentration of serum ...
Raila J - - 2004
Fasting dogs do transport vitamin A (VA) in plasma not only as retinol but predominantly as retinyl esters. Contrary to retinol, nothing is known concerning the effects of athletic performance on plasma retinyl ester concentrations. The aim of this study was therefore to examine whether physical stress because of exercise ...
S.C. MELUDU, M.NISHIMUTA, Y. ...
Anaerobic exercise, a non 02 - dependent energy metabolism leads to transient metabolic changes, which are corrected gradually by homestatic mechanism. We investigated in eight male subjects, the effects of anaerobic exercise after a day sedentary activity on serum mineral concentration. There was significant variation in the concentration of serum ...
D'Andrea G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Trace amines, including tyramine, octopamine, and synephrine, are closely related to classic biogenic amines. They have been hypothesized to promote migraines and other types of primary headaches, but there is no direct evidence supporting this hypothesis. METHODS: Using a multichannel electrochemical high-performance liquid chromatography system, the authors evaluated whether ...
Petibois Cyril - - 2004
For determining exercise-induced changes in plasma molecular species, we investigated the feasibility of using two-dimensional correlation spectra (2D-COS) on 21 series of plasma samples obtained from progressive exercise tests. Intensities of 2D synchronous and asynchronous correlation peaks were compared to concentration evolutions of glucose, lactate, triglycerides (TG), glycerol, fatty acyl ...
Holmes Anna G - - 2004
IL-6 induces lipolysis when administered to humans. Consequently, it has been hypothesized that IL-6 is released from skeletal muscle during exercise to act in a "hormonelike" manner and increase lipolysis from adipose tissue to supply the muscle with substrate. In the present study, we hypothesized that suppressing lipolysis, and subsequent ...
Contini M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that exercise reduces the risk of thromboembolic disease, possibly by increasing the plasma concentration of anticoagulant-antithrombotic compounds. OBJECTIVES: As plasma glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) play a role in the anticoagulant-antithrombotic potential of plasma, to examine the concentration and profile of these compounds in well trained, long distance ...
Imamura H - - 2004
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of moderate exercise on the magnitude and duration of excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) and catecholamine concentrations in 7 young women. METHODS: The subjects performed 30 or 60 minutes of exercise (30-ME and 60-ME, respectively) on separate days at ...
Vobejda C - - 2004
AIM: The purpose of this study was to verify the hypothesis that the postexercise increase (PEI) of plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations after cessation of exercise is a suitable qualitative indicator for the FFA utilisation during the foregoing exercise. METHODS: Fourteen, 17 and 23 healthy subjects participated in 3 ...
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