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Results 701 - 750 of 1428
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Marion-Latard F - - 2003
The aim of the study was to examine whether a moderate exercise increases the utilization of fatty acids during the recovery period in obese men. Six healthy obese participated in a randomized crossover investigation, one with exercise and one without exercise. At 8 a. m., the subjects had a standardized ...
Hauer Klaus - - 2003
Aging-related loss of muscle function is a predictor of mortality and a surrogate parameter of the aging process. Its consequences include a high risk for falls, hip fractures, and loss of autonomy. Aging is associated with changes in the oxidant/antioxidant balance including a decrease in plasma thiol (cysteine) concentration. To ...
Khan Ghulam Jillani - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Most of the methods of tobacco are use linked to the oral cavity where the taste receptors, a primary site for stimulation of salivary secretion, are constantly exposed to tobacco. It is generally believed that repeated exposure of a receptor to a stimulus results in inactivation (suppression) of the ...
Benditt D G - - 2003
AIM: Changes in circulating catecholamine concentrations during vasovagal faints have been the subject of considerable study. However, whether catecholamines are part of the triggering mechanism, or principally reflect attempted compensation for an evolving circulatory crisis is unknown. To address this issue, we determined whether the circulating catecholamine response to upright ...
Bélanger Patrice - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of exogenously increasing the circulating levels of glucagon on the metabolic responses to exercise in rats. A total of six groups of rats were infused (iv) either with glucagon (20 or 50 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1)) or saline ...
Toda Kaoru - - 2002
To counteract insulin resistance, it is necessary to increase the utilization rate of fatty acids in blood and adipose tissue. The aim of the present study was to determine the relation between metabolic responses and exercise duration from changes in the respiratory exchange ratio (RER). The mean RER during 30 ...
Constantin-Teodosiu Dumitru - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis patients have impaired exercise tolerance that may be related to impaired carnitine availability and/or alterations in carnitine metabolism. As carnitine metabolism is sex- and age-related, we examined plasma free and esterified carnitine concentrations, muscle strength, and estimated exercise tolerance in female (n=51) and male (n=63) patients of different ...
Giangrande P L F - - 2002
Fondaparinux is a promising new antithrombotic agent. This pentasaccharide selectively and specifically inhibits coagulation factor Xa, and requires antithrombin as co-factor It is entirely synthetic, in contrast to conventional heparin and low molecular heparins which are derived from animal tissues. Fondaparinux exhibits a high bioavailability and is convenient to use ...
Malpica M I - - 2002
We studied the effect of adrenaline on the capacity of human neutrophils to attach, ingest and destroy Candida albicans. The neutrophils were incubated in vitro in the presence of an adrenaline concentration taken as basal (10-10 m), and another that is referred to as being reached following physical exercise (10-9 ...
Mourtzakis Marina - - 2002
Glutamate is central to several transamination reactions that affect the production of ammonia, alanine, glutamine, as well as TCA cycle intermediates during exercise. To further study glutamate metabolism, we administered 150 mg/kg body wt of monosodium glutamate (MSG) and placebo to seven male subjects who then either rested or exercised ...
McKeever K H - - 2002
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the training-induced hypervolaemic response seen in the horse is associated with aldosterone-mediated renal mechanisms affecting sodium conservation during the first days of training. Five healthy, Standardbred mares (weight 450-500 kg, age 4-8 years) that were unfit, but accustomed to running ...
Schott H C HC - - 2002
Efflux of potassium (K+) and lactate (lac-) from active skeletal muscle during high intensity exercise leads to increased plasma [K+] and [lac-] in venous and arterial blood. The exercise-induced increases in these ions in human athletes is ameliorated, in part, by uptake by noncontracting tissue, reflected by an increase in ...
Robach Paul - - 2002
Plasma volume (PV) decreases at high altitude, but is rapidly restored upon return to sea-level (RSL). The aim of this study was (1) to describe PV recovery upon RSL with concomitant changes in major fluid regulating hormones, and (2) to test the hypothesis that PV recovery is promoted by the ...
Langberg Henning - - 2002
Plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration has been shown to increase with exercise and various cell types and tissues have been suggested to be responsible for this increase. At present no studies have measured the interstitial concentration of IL-6 in skeletal muscle and connective tissue. The present study represents the first attempt ...
McKeever Kenneth H - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to measure plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) at rest and during exercise in the horse. Six healthy, Standardbred and Thoroughbred mares (5.3+/-0.8 years; 445.2+/-13.1 kg) which were unfit, but otherwise accustomed to running on the treadmill, were used in the study. Plasma ET-1 concentrations were ...
Williams R J - - 2002
To determine the effects of exercise, high heat and humidity and acclimation on plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, beta-endorphin and cortisol concentrations, five horses performed a competition exercise test (CET; designed to simulate the speed and endurance test of a three-day event) in cool dry (CD) (20 degrees C/40% RH) and hot ...
Krzemiński K - - 2002
Adrenomedullin (ADM) release is enhanced in pheochromocytoma, chronic heart failure (HF), hypertension and renal diseases. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ADM secretion increases also in response to acute stimuli, such as static effort and to compare plasma ADM response to this stimulus in patients with chronic ...
Zorbas Yan G - - 2002
Rigorous bed rest (RBR) induces significant biochemical and circulatory changes. However, little is known about acute rigorous bed rest (ARBR). Measuring biochemical and circulatory variables during ARBR and RBR the aim of this study was to establish the significance of ARBR effect. Studies were done during 3 days of a ...
Daley Joseph C JC - - 2002
Increases in the concentration of interstitial potassium concentration during exercise may play a role in the modulation of the cardiovascular response to exercise. However, it is not known if changes in potassium correlate with indexes of muscle reflex engagement. Eight healthy subjects performed dynamic [rhythmic handgrip (RHG)] and static handgrip ...
Lyytinen J J Department of Neurology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 340, 00029 Helsinki, Finland. - - 2002
The inhibition of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) may impair catecholamine clearance resulting in unwanted cardiac and hemodynamic events. We therefore studied the effects of entacapone, an inhibitor of peripheral COMT, on cardiorespiratory and plasma noradrenaline (NA) responses to exercise and on respiratory muscle strength in l-dopa treated patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). ...
Schaafsma I A - - 2002
We investigated the effect of hypothyroidism in dogs on (1) the Na+-, K+ -ATPase concentration in skeletal muscle, and (2) potassium (K+) homeostasis at rest and during exercise. Prior to and 1 year after induction of hypothyroidism by surgery and subsequent radiothyroidectomy, the Na+-, K+ -ATPase concentrations were quantified in ...
Marx James O - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of alkalosis on epinephrine concentrations in response to a 90 s maximal exercise test. A group of ten healthy men ingested either a bicarbonate (BS) supplement (0.3 g x kg(-1) of body mass of sodium bicarbonate) or placebo mixture (P) ...
Kinugawa Toru - - 2002
The present study was designed to determine whether exercise plasma noradrenaline (NA) levels could predict cardiac death in patients with mild heart failure in whom the plasma NA levels were only minimally elevated. Treadmill exercise testing with serial measurement of plasma NA and plasma adrenaline were performed in 142 patients ...
Berthoin S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To compare plasma lactate concentrations and plasma lactate kinetics during recovery, for measured and corrected values for changes in plasma volume, after a maximal aerobic exercise. METHODS: Sixteen male subjects performed an incremental and maximal exercise in order to reach maximal aerobic power. Prior to the exercise, at the ...
Nowicki Michał - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hyperkalemic responses to both physical exercise and alpha-adrenergic stimulation are enhanced in patients with terminal renal failure. Alpha-adrenergic blockade was found to protect against hyperkalemia during vigorous exercise in healthy men. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of the alpha-adrenergic blocker doxazosin on exercise-induced hyperkalemia ...
Hinghofer-Szalkay H G - - 2002
The exercise-induced increase and post-exercise decrease of plasma hyaluronan concentration were studied in human subjects. Six well trained men performed incremental exercise until exhaustion (MAX), intensive (submaximal, SUB) and extensive exercise (moderate, MOD) on a bicycle ergometer, defined as work at 100, 77 and 50% of maximal oxygen consumption. Hyaluronan ...
Akimoto Takayuki - - 2002
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) plays an important role in leukocyte migration from the circulation and intervention at sites of inflammation. We investigated the effects of various types of exercise on circulating levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) in normal healthy male adults. Plasma concentrations of sICAM-1 were measured before and after ...
Maresh C M - - 2001
The effect of hydration status on performance has not been adequately emphasized or examined in swimmers. Theoretically, moderate overhydration might reduce the proportionate fluid loss from the circulation during exercise of this nature. To explore this issue, 11 (5 women, 6 men) collegiate swimmers swam 2 183-m (200-yd) time trials ...
Gregory L F - - 2001
Plasma corticosterone, glucose, and testosterone concentrations were measured in wild, immature specimens of the highly endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) to determine effects of acute handling stress. Thirty-nine free-ranging turtles were captured by entanglement net near the Cedar Keys, Florida. Blood samples were collected immediately after retrieval from ...
De Glisezinski I - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of the antilipolytic alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor pathway in the regulation of lipolysis during exercise in subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SCAAT). Seven trained men and 15 untrained men were studied. With the use of microdialysis, the extracellular glycerol concentration was measured in ...
Zouhal H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The study investigated the concentrations of plasma catecholamine, adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA), and the adrenal medulla responsiveness to the sympathetic nervous activity in sprinters (S), endurance runners (E) and untrained subjects (U) during a supramaximal exercise (the Wingate-test). METHODS: A group of 19 men took part in the ...
Steensberg A - - 2001
Exercise induces increased levels of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as changes in the concentration of lymphocytes and neutrophils. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible role for epinephrine. Seven healthy men participated in an exercise experiment. One month later they received an epinephrine infusion. The exercise ...
Nagashima K - - 2001
We tested the hypothesis that renal tubular Na(+) reabsorption increased during the first 24 h of exercise-induced plasma volume expansion. Renal function was assessed 1 day after no-exercise control (C) or intermittent cycle ergometer exercise (Ex, 85% of peak O(2) uptake) for 2 h before and 3 h after saline ...
Melin B - - 2001
The effects of hydromineral hormones and catecholamines on renal water and electrolyte excretion were examined during and after dehydration induced by either passive heat or exercise. Eight healthy young Caucasian subjects participated in three separate trials, each including three consecutive phases. Phases 1 and 3 involved a 90-min period at ...
Akinola A B - - 2001
The cardiovascular and metabolic responses to supine leg exercise were measured in 9 healthy subjects (controls) and in 19 subjects with two primary forms of autonomic failure (11 with peripheral sympathetic denervation [pure autonomic failure; PAF], 8 with central sympathetic failure [multiple system atrophy; MSA]). With exercise, blood pressure increased ...
Heltne J K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia, commonly used for organ protection during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), has been associated with changes in plasma volume, hemoconcentration and microvascular fluid shifts. Fluid pathophysiology secondary to hypothermia and the mechanisms behind these changes are still largely unknown. In a recent study we found increased fluid needs during hypothermic ...
Villani P P Department of Pharmacology, IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, Pavia, - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) profile of oral levofloxacin in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients in steady-state treatment with nelfinavir (NFV) or with efavirenz (EFV) and to determine the effects of levofloxacin on the PK parameters of these two antiretroviral agents. For levofloxacin, plasma samples ...
Yu X N - - 2001
Several recent reports indicate that exercise elevates the plasma interleukin 6 levels; however, the precise regulation of such an elevation still remains to be clarified. In this study, in order to clarify the requirements of central and peripheral catecholaminergic system for this exercise-induced interleukin 6 elevation, rats were either intraperitoneally ...
Kimura H - - 2001
A highly sensitive time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay of human plasma cytokines is described. The cytokines such as interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) are known to be acute inflammatory cytokines and it has been reported that these cytokines are secreted into blood by physical exercise. In this study, ...
Olive J L - - 2001
This study investigated the effect of different exercise bouts on plasma leptin response. Trained men (n = 9) performed a short duration, maximal intensity (MAX) bout and a 60-min endurance run at approximately 70% of maximal oxygen consumption (END). Blood was collected before, immediately after, 24 h after (24 h ...
Wigernaes I - - 2001
Strenuous endurance exercise in fasted subjects is accompanied by increased plasma levels of catecholamines, leucocytosis, low insulin, and elevated plasma free fatty acids (FFA). Immediately after such exercise, plasma FFA may rise to high and potentially harmful levels, whereas the white blood cell count (WBCC) rapidly decreases towards or below ...
Poortmans J R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Postexercise proteinuria is a common phenomenon depending on hypothetical mechanisms such as the hemodynamic system and its sympathetic component. To test this hypothesis we administrated an a2-adrenergic agonist (clonidine) in order to reduce the catecholamine response during exercise. METHODS: Clonidine (300 mg) and a placebo, one week apart, were ...
Preston R J - - 2001
In accordance with Stewart's physicochemical approach, the three independent determinants of plasma hydrogen ion concentration ([H(+)]) were measured at rest and during exercise in the follicular (FP) and luteal phase (LP) of the human menstrual cycle. Healthy, physically active women with similar physical characteristics were tested during either the FP ...
El-Sayed M S - - 2001
The present study examined the influence of ingesting a moderate dose of alcohol on the main determinants of blood rheology namely: plasma viscosity, plasma fibrinogen concentration, plasma total protein concentration, and haematocrit. Eleven moderately active young men were studied immediately after a standardised cycle ergometer test and during the 24 ...
van Nieuwenhoven M A - - 2000
Dehydration leads to the aggravation of gastrointestinal (GI) complaints during exercise. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of dehydration on various GI parameters during strenuous exercise. Ten healthy well-trained men were investigated in dehydrated and in euhydrated conditions. Dehydration took place before the experiments using a ...
Wigerneas I - - 2000
The present study investigated the effect of active recovery (AR) as compared to rest recovery (RR) upon FFA concentrations following moderate- (MI) or high-intensity (HI) running. Fourteen well-trained males (23.7 +/- 6 years, VáO2max = 69.5 +/- 1.8ml á min-1 kg-1) were randomly assigned into two trials (HI = 30 ...
Guo Z - - 2000
A pulse ([(14)C]palmitate)-chase ([(3)H]palmitate) approach was used to study intramuscular triglyceride (imTG) fatty acid and plasma free fatty acid (FFA) kinetics during exercise at approximately 45% peak O(2) consumption in 12 adults. Vastus lateralis muscle was biopsied before and after 90 min of bicycle exercise; (3)H(2)O production, breath (14)CO(2) excretion ...
Custaud M A - - 2000
Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is the most serious symptom of cardiovascular deconditioning induced by head-down bed rest or weightlessness. Wearing venoconstrictive thigh cuffs is an empirical countermeasure used by Russian cosmonauts to limit the shift of fluid from the lower part of the body to the cardio-cephalic region. Our aim was ...
Mitchell J B - - 2000
Our purpose was to study the interaction between Na(+) content and fluid volume on rehydration (RH) and restoration of fluid spaces and cardiovascular (CV) function. Ten men completed four trials in which they exercised in a 35 degrees C environment until dehydrated by 2. 9% body mass, were rehydrated for ...
Khazaeinia T - - 2000
According to the limited information available, exercise has no substantial effect on the absorption of orally given drugs. However, it appears to enhance absorption from intramuscular, subcutaneous, transdermal and inhalation sites. The effects of exercise on drug distribution are complex. Exercise increases muscular blood flow resulting, for example, in the ...
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