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Bertram H C - - 2010
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabonomics was applied to investigate the effects of pre-slaughter exercise stress on the plasma metabolite profile at time of slaughter. The study included a total of 40 slaughter pigs, which were exposed to one of the following treatments: No pre-slaughter stress (control treatment), pre-slaughter exercise on ...
Venta Rafael - - 2009
Several studies have assessed the effect of the physical activity on plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations, although the findings have been contradictory, and the exact mechanism by which plasma Hcy concentrations varied after an acute intense exercise remains unknown. PURPOSE: We studied the effect of different acute aerobic intense exercises on ...
Coiro Vittorio - - 2009
To establish whether ethanol and/or endogenous opioids play a role in the control of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) response to physical exercise, six healthy men underwent six bicycle-ergometer tests until exhaustion [exercise control test; exercise plus ethanol (50 of 110 ml proof whiskey orally), exercise plus naloxone (2 mg injected plus 5 ...
Magkos Faidon - - 2009
Free fatty acid (FFA) availability increases several-fold during exercise and remains significantly elevated for at least 3 to 6 hours after exercise cessation. Little, however, is known regarding the duration of the postexercise rise in FFA flux. In the present study, we used stable isotope-labeled palmitate infusion to examine fatty ...
Gray S R SR Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, - - 2009
The formation of an interleukin-6/IL-6 receptor (IL-6/IL-6R) complex increases the biological activity and half-life of IL-6, with its response to exercise currently unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the response of circulating levels of the IL-6/IL-6R complex to exercise. Nine healthy male participants performed 1h of ...
Shimomura Yoshiharu - - 2009
The present study was conducted to examine alterations in plasma free amino acid concentrations induced by squat exercise and branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation in young, untrained female subjects. In the morning on the exercise session day, participants ingested drinks containing either BCAA (isoleucine:leucine:valine=1:2.3:1.2) or dextrin (placebo) at 0.1 g/kg ...
McMorris Terry - - 2009
The purposes of this study were to examine the effect of acute incremental exercise on the performance of a central executive task; the responses of the sympathoadrenal system (SAS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) during exercise, while simultaneously carrying out the central executive task; and the ability of Delta plasma concentrations ...
Gonzales Joaquin U - - 2009
Shear stress is the frictional force of blood against the endothelium, a stimulus for endothelial activation and the release of von Willebrand factor (vWF). This study tested the hypothesis that the increase in shear stress associated with exercise correlates with plasma vWF. Young (n = 14, 25.7 +/- 5.4 years) ...
Hackl S - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of short intense exercise on plasma amino acid concentrations in trotters and to test the repeatability of plasma amino acids concentration in samples obtained on two independent days under field conditions. Plasma amino acid concentrations were analysed in blood samples ...
Kato Yushi - - 2009
We have previously reported the preventive effects of light resistance exercise (voluntary tower climbing exercise) after ingestion of a high-protein snack (HPS) on muscle loss in glucocorticoid-injected rats. However, such studies have not been performed in humans. In this cross-over study, we examined the effect of light resistance exercise after ...
Buckley Jonathan D - - 2009
Endurance exercise training can increase intestinal permeability which may contribute to the development of gastrointestinal symptoms in some athletes. Bovine colostrum (BC) supplementation reduces intestinal permeability induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This study aimed to determine whether BC could also reduce intestinal permeability induced by endurance exercise. Thirty healthy adult ...
Tsekouras Yiannis E - - 2009
A single bout of prolonged aerobic exercise lowers plasma TAG (triacylglycerol) concentrations the next day by increasing the efficiency of VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein)-TAG removal from the circulation. The effect of resistance exercise on VLDL-TAG metabolism is not known. Therefore we evaluated VLDL-TAG kinetics by using stable isotope-labelled tracers in eight ...
Duzova Halil H Department of Physiology, Inonu University Faculty of Medicine , 44280 Malatya, Turkey - - 2009
In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of a single bout of acute moderate and strenuous running exercise on the production of interleukin-17 (IL-17), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and inflammatory response of skeletal muscles in regularly trained rats. Eight week old rats were trained by treadmill ...
Huuskonen Antti A Institute of Biomedicine, Physiology, University of Kuopio , - - 2009
Skeletal muscle-derived interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine which regulates body metabolism during strenuous physical exercise. The effect of a potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -174G/C of the IL6 gene (rs1800795) promoter was examined on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), body mass index (BMI) and plasma IL-6 levels in response ...
Farhangimaleki Negin N Physical Education & Sport science Department, Islamic Azad University , Tabriz Branch, - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two different tapering period lengths on the concentration of plasma interleukin- 6 (IL-6), interleukin (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and performance in elite male cyclists. To this end, after completing 8 weeks progressive endurance exercise, twenty four high-level ...
Malek Moh H - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to 1) compare the patterns of responses for plasma ammonia concentration ([NH3]) during moderate- vs. heavy-intensity cycle ergometry, and 2) examine the relationship between the V O2 slow component (V O 2SC) and plasma [NH3]. Thirteen healthy, untrained men (mean +/- SEM age = ...
Blomstrand Eva - - 2009
Eight male subjects performed leg press exercise, 4 x 10 repetitions at 80% of their maximum. Venous blood samples were taken before, during exercise and repeatedly during 2 h of recovery. From four subjects, biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis muscle prior to, immediately after and following one and ...
Hew-Butler T - - 2010
The parallel response of sweat rate and urine production to changes in plasma osmolality and volume support a role for arginine vasopressin (AVP) as the main endocrine regulator of both excretions. A maximal test to exhaustion and a steady-state run on a motorised treadmill were both completed by 10 moderately ...
Hew-Butler Tamara - - 2008
Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is a potentially fatal fluid imbalance largely resulting from sustained fluid intake beyond the capacity for fluid excretion during endurance exercise. Common symptoms include vomiting, confusion, altered mental status, and seizures; however, these symptoms can also be seen with hypernatremic encephalopathy, making measurement of plasma sodium concentration ...
Stachenfeld Nina S - - 2008
Sweating during exercise, especially during exercise in the heat, leads to sodium and water losses, and the quantity of these losses depends upon the intensity and duration of the activity, genetic predisposition and conditioning of the individual, and environmental factors. In athletes, adequate sodium intake is necessary to maintain fluid ...
Appenrodt Beate - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Large-volume paracentesis in patients with cirrhosis and ascites induces arterial vasodilatation and decreases effective arterial blood volume, termed paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD), which can be prevented by costly intravenous albumin. Vasoconstrictors, e.g. terlipressin, may also prevent PICD. The aim was to compare the less expensive vasoconstrictor midodrine, an alpha-adrenoceptor ...
Hew-Butler Tamara - - 2008
CONTEXT: Although the primary cause of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is relative overconsumption of fluids beyond the kidneys' ability to excrete excess fluid, the mechanisms limiting maximum renal excretory ability during exercise remain to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to: 1) perform a comprehensive evaluation of the ...
Bracken Richard M - - 2009
Catecholamines (noradrenaline, NA; adrenaline, AD; dopamine, DA) influence the metabolic and cardiovascular responses to exercise. However, changes in catecholamine metabolism during exercise are unclear. Plasma normetanephrine (NMET), metanephrine (MET) and catecholamine responses to a laboratory-based model of games-type exercise were examined. Twelve healthy men completed a resting control trial and ...
Lucas, Samuel John Edwin
Little is known about the strain and consequences of very prolonged and sustained exercise lasting multiple days. This thesis comprises two multi-day exercise field studies and a 24-h, controlled-trial field/laboratory study. The field studies were undertaken using international adventure races (2003 and 2004 Southern Traverses: 86-120 h) to profile exercise ...
Ozdemir Caglar C Department of Forensic Medicine, Erciyes University Medical Faculty , Kayseri, - - 2008
Regular physical exercise is recommended by the medical community, because it offers the potential to reduce the incidence of coronary events. On the other hand, vigorous exertion may act as a trigger of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death in susceptible individuals. Death during sports activities differs among sports ...
McMorris T - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to examine the usage of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) in the brain when exercising while simultaneously undertaking cognitive tests. Plasma concentrations of the NE metabolite 3-methoxy 4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) and the DA metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA) showed a linear increase from rest to exercising ...
Højbjerre Lise - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied how an acute bout of exercise influences expression and concentration of adiponectin and regulators of adiponectin in adipose tissue and plasma. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight overweight and eight lean males were examined by large-pore microdialysis in s.c. abdominal adipose tissue (SCAAT) and had arterialized blood sampled. On ...
Nielsen Vance G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A decrease in reaction time (R; seconds) has been considered a thrombelastographic hallmark of hypercoagulability. However, the cause of changes in R has been influenced by the method of activation (e.g., celite) and the clinical/laboratory setting (e.g., hemodilution). Although antithrombin deficiency has been implicated as a cause of decreased ...
Sims Stacy T - - 2007
This study was conducted during the high-hormone phase of both natural and oral contraceptive pill (OCP)-mediated menstrual cycles to determine whether preexercise ingestion of a concentrated sodium beverage would increase plasma volume (PV), reduce physiological strain, and aid endurance of moderately trained women cycling in warm conditions. Thirteen trained cyclists ...
Tsuchida Takaya - - 2007
Past studies suggested that plasma norepinephrine during exercise originates in sympathetic nerve endings and that the main origin differs among pathophysiological conditions. This study investigated the most important site of sympathetic terminals as an origin of plasma norepinephrine during exercise in patients with heart failure using (123)I- metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. ...
Dostalova Ivana - - 2007
Plasma leptin concentrations are markedly reduced in malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Whether the long-term underweight and low-fat stores affect the leptin response to exercise remains unknown. We investigated the effect of 45-minute cycle ergometer exercise (2 W kg-1 of lean body mass [LBM]) on plasma leptin, norepinephrine (NE), ...
Fletcher James P - - 2007
Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries incurred by participants in athletics. Conservative management of the patient after an ankle sprain includes a comprehensive rehabilitation program of which the resistance exercises are a part and are frequently advised by the clinician, many times as part of a home exercise ...
Serráo Fábio Viadanna FV Department of Physical Therapy - Federal University of São Carlos , São Carlos, SP, Brazil - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to propose a model for exercise- induced muscle injury by way of a maximal eccentric isokinetic exercise at low angular speed, and assess the time course of functional recovery of the injured quadriceps femoris muscle from the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque and electrical ...
Volpe Stella Lucia - - 2007
To examine the effect of acute exhaustive exercise versus rest on short-term zinc kinetics in men. Crossover design, wherein all subjects were their own control. University setting, where subjects were free living. 12 healthy, sedentary men, 25-35 years of age. (70)Zn was infused 10 min after exercise or at rest. ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the electrolyte concentration changes in arterial plasma from high-intensity repeated bouts of cycling exercise in well-trained females and to determine the relationships between arterial plasma lactate, potassium (K+), bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), and pH with minute ventilation. Fourteen female subjects (mean age = 27 ...
Moesgaard S G - - 2007
This study examines how systemic biomarkers of endothelial function and nitric oxide metabolism are affected by exercise in dogs. Furthermore, breed variation and white-coat effect have been tested by sampling three different dog breeds both in their home and in a clinical setting. Short-term exercise increased plasma nitrate and nitrite ...
Khan Munir - - 2006
Baseline metal ion levels are elevated in patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip arthroplasty. Interpretation of baseline levels is difficult as measurements are influenced by wear, corrosion, and metal ion release from stored metal in the body. Schmalzried et al. demonstrated that "wear is the function of use, not time." The ...
Hess T M - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Electrolyte mixtures given to counter sweat loss usually contain abundant potassium. However, increases in plasma [K+] occur with exercise and supplementation may further increase plasma levels, potentially increasing the risk of neuromuscular hyperexcitability and development of adverse clinical sequellae. This proposition requires study. OBJECTIVES: To compare ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Circulating free plasma DNA is implicated in conditions associated with tissue injury, including exercise-induced inflammation, and thus is a potential marker for athletic overtraining. METHODS: We measured free plasma DNA along with C-reactive protein (CRP), creatine kinase (CK), and uric acid (UA) in 17 recreationally trained men participating in ...
Baker J S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to measure concentrations of adrenaline (A), noradrenaline (NE), free tryptophan (f-Trp), prolactin (PRL), nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and blood lactate following 30 s of high-intensity cycle ergometer exercise. Adrenaline (A) and NE concentrations increased immediately postexercise (P < 0.05) and returned to levels observed ...
Steensberg Adam - - 2006
During exercise the concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 increases in plasma, especially in fasting subjects. Both IL-6 and HSP72 are involved in a variety of metabolic and immunological processes, including some within the central nervous system and, accordingly, they are present not only in ...
Alvarez-Tamargo José A JA Unidad de Cardiología, Hospital Carmen y Severo Ochoa, Cangas del Narcea, Asturias, - - 2006
The aim of the study is to determine whether age, Sex, or the use of drugs with a negative chronotropic effect modifies the sensitivity, specificity, positive or negative predictive value, or positive or negative likelihood ratio of the high-risk criteria used in exercise testing as defined by the Spanish Society ...
Wharam Paul C - - 2006
PURPOSE: Exertional hyponatremia ((Na) < 135 mmol x L(-1)) is a potentially serious condition associated with endurance sports. It has been postulated that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use may be a risk factor. This observational cohort study aimed to determine whether NSAID use is a risk factor for exertional hyponatremia ...
Gordon Mary E - - 2007
Six Standardbred (STB) mares (11+/-2 years, 521+/-77 kg; means+/-SD) performed an exercise trial (EX) where they underwent an incremental exercise test (GXT) as well as a parallel control trial (CON) to test the hypothesis that short-term, high intensity exercise would alter plasma concentrations of glucose, leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin, insulin and ...
Riepe F G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency suffer from glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency. They have insufficient epinephrine reserves and increased basal leptin levels and are often insulin resistant. In healthy subjects, an inhibitory effect of acute catecholamine elevation on the leptin plasma concentrations has been reported. ...
Ogaki, Tetsuro
OGAKI, T., SAITO, A., HOTTA, N., UEDA, N., KANAYA, S. and FUJINO, T., Plasma Sulpho-conjigated Catecholamine Responses to Moderate Steady-state Exercise. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.7, No.3 pp.87-92, 2001. The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the plasma sulpho-conjugated catecholamines (CA) during moderate steady-state exercise. ...
Bailey Amelia Purser - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity increases the risk of cancer and atherosclerosis; the impaired regulation of angiogenesis is often associated with the development of these diseases. We hypothesize that exercise increases circulating sFlt-1, an endogenous VEGF inhibitor, which may functionally decrease plasma levels of free VEGF. MATERIAL/METHODS: 5 healthy male adults were ...
Podolak M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare changes in epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) levels in blood plasma of two racehorses breeds: Arabian and Thoroughbred during moderate intensity exercise performed in the same conditions. The increase in plasma E level just after exercise was higher in Thoroughbreds ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2006
To examine the effects of drinking an amount of water equal to weight loss on the responses of blood rheological variables, eleven healthy male subjects performed three resistance exercise trials. The aim of the first session was to determine the amount of weight loss following a resistance exercise trial at ...
Castillo Moreno Juan A JA Sección de Cardiología, Hospital Santa María del Rosell, Cartagena, Murcia, - - 2006
Few data are available on the outcome of patients admitted to hospital with suspected acute coronary syndrome who have no high-risk factors and who undergo exercise testing before discharge. Our objectives were to investigate outcomes in this group of patients and to determine whether clinical history-taking or exercise testing can ...
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