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Duzova Halil H Department of Physiology, Inonu University Faculty of Medicine , 44280 Malatya, Turkey - - 2009
In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of a single bout of acute moderate and strenuous running exercise on the production of interleukin-17 (IL-17), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and inflammatory response of skeletal muscles in regularly trained rats. Eight week old rats were trained by treadmill ...
Huuskonen Antti A Institute of Biomedicine, Physiology, University of Kuopio , - - 2009
Skeletal muscle-derived interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine which regulates body metabolism during strenuous physical exercise. The effect of a potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -174G/C of the IL6 gene (rs1800795) promoter was examined on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), body mass index (BMI) and plasma IL-6 levels in response ...
Farhangimaleki Negin N Physical Education & Sport science Department, Islamic Azad University , Tabriz Branch, - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two different tapering period lengths on the concentration of plasma interleukin- 6 (IL-6), interleukin (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and performance in elite male cyclists. To this end, after completing 8 weeks progressive endurance exercise, twenty four high-level ...
Malek Moh H - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to 1) compare the patterns of responses for plasma ammonia concentration ([NH3]) during moderate- vs. heavy-intensity cycle ergometry, and 2) examine the relationship between the V O2 slow component (V O 2SC) and plasma [NH3]. Thirteen healthy, untrained men (mean +/- SEM age = ...
Blomstrand Eva - - 2009
Eight male subjects performed leg press exercise, 4 x 10 repetitions at 80% of their maximum. Venous blood samples were taken before, during exercise and repeatedly during 2 h of recovery. From four subjects, biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis muscle prior to, immediately after and following one and ...
Hew-Butler T - - 2010
The parallel response of sweat rate and urine production to changes in plasma osmolality and volume support a role for arginine vasopressin (AVP) as the main endocrine regulator of both excretions. A maximal test to exhaustion and a steady-state run on a motorised treadmill were both completed by 10 moderately ...
Hew-Butler Tamara - - 2008
Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is a potentially fatal fluid imbalance largely resulting from sustained fluid intake beyond the capacity for fluid excretion during endurance exercise. Common symptoms include vomiting, confusion, altered mental status, and seizures; however, these symptoms can also be seen with hypernatremic encephalopathy, making measurement of plasma sodium concentration ...
Stachenfeld Nina S - - 2008
Sweating during exercise, especially during exercise in the heat, leads to sodium and water losses, and the quantity of these losses depends upon the intensity and duration of the activity, genetic predisposition and conditioning of the individual, and environmental factors. In athletes, adequate sodium intake is necessary to maintain fluid ...
Appenrodt Beate - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Large-volume paracentesis in patients with cirrhosis and ascites induces arterial vasodilatation and decreases effective arterial blood volume, termed paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD), which can be prevented by costly intravenous albumin. Vasoconstrictors, e.g. terlipressin, may also prevent PICD. The aim was to compare the less expensive vasoconstrictor midodrine, an alpha-adrenoceptor ...
Hew-Butler Tamara - - 2008
CONTEXT: Although the primary cause of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is relative overconsumption of fluids beyond the kidneys' ability to excrete excess fluid, the mechanisms limiting maximum renal excretory ability during exercise remain to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to: 1) perform a comprehensive evaluation of the ...
Bracken Richard M - - 2009
Catecholamines (noradrenaline, NA; adrenaline, AD; dopamine, DA) influence the metabolic and cardiovascular responses to exercise. However, changes in catecholamine metabolism during exercise are unclear. Plasma normetanephrine (NMET), metanephrine (MET) and catecholamine responses to a laboratory-based model of games-type exercise were examined. Twelve healthy men completed a resting control trial and ...
Lucas, Samuel John Edwin
Little is known about the strain and consequences of very prolonged and sustained exercise lasting multiple days. This thesis comprises two multi-day exercise field studies and a 24-h, controlled-trial field/laboratory study. The field studies were undertaken using international adventure races (2003 and 2004 Southern Traverses: 86-120 h) to profile exercise ...
Ozdemir Caglar C Department of Forensic Medicine, Erciyes University Medical Faculty , Kayseri, - - 2008
Regular physical exercise is recommended by the medical community, because it offers the potential to reduce the incidence of coronary events. On the other hand, vigorous exertion may act as a trigger of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death in susceptible individuals. Death during sports activities differs among sports ...
McMorris T - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to examine the usage of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) in the brain when exercising while simultaneously undertaking cognitive tests. Plasma concentrations of the NE metabolite 3-methoxy 4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) and the DA metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA) showed a linear increase from rest to exercising ...
Højbjerre Lise - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied how an acute bout of exercise influences expression and concentration of adiponectin and regulators of adiponectin in adipose tissue and plasma. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight overweight and eight lean males were examined by large-pore microdialysis in s.c. abdominal adipose tissue (SCAAT) and had arterialized blood sampled. On ...
Nielsen Vance G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A decrease in reaction time (R; seconds) has been considered a thrombelastographic hallmark of hypercoagulability. However, the cause of changes in R has been influenced by the method of activation (e.g., celite) and the clinical/laboratory setting (e.g., hemodilution). Although antithrombin deficiency has been implicated as a cause of decreased ...
Sims Stacy T - - 2007
This study was conducted during the high-hormone phase of both natural and oral contraceptive pill (OCP)-mediated menstrual cycles to determine whether preexercise ingestion of a concentrated sodium beverage would increase plasma volume (PV), reduce physiological strain, and aid endurance of moderately trained women cycling in warm conditions. Thirteen trained cyclists ...
Tsuchida Takaya - - 2007
Past studies suggested that plasma norepinephrine during exercise originates in sympathetic nerve endings and that the main origin differs among pathophysiological conditions. This study investigated the most important site of sympathetic terminals as an origin of plasma norepinephrine during exercise in patients with heart failure using (123)I- metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. ...
Dostalova Ivana - - 2007
Plasma leptin concentrations are markedly reduced in malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Whether the long-term underweight and low-fat stores affect the leptin response to exercise remains unknown. We investigated the effect of 45-minute cycle ergometer exercise (2 W kg-1 of lean body mass [LBM]) on plasma leptin, norepinephrine (NE), ...
Fletcher James P - - 2007
Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries incurred by participants in athletics. Conservative management of the patient after an ankle sprain includes a comprehensive rehabilitation program of which the resistance exercises are a part and are frequently advised by the clinician, many times as part of a home exercise ...
Serráo Fábio Viadanna FV Department of Physical Therapy - Federal University of São Carlos , São Carlos, SP, Brazil - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to propose a model for exercise- induced muscle injury by way of a maximal eccentric isokinetic exercise at low angular speed, and assess the time course of functional recovery of the injured quadriceps femoris muscle from the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque and electrical ...
Volpe Stella Lucia - - 2007
To examine the effect of acute exhaustive exercise versus rest on short-term zinc kinetics in men. Crossover design, wherein all subjects were their own control. University setting, where subjects were free living. 12 healthy, sedentary men, 25-35 years of age. (70)Zn was infused 10 min after exercise or at rest. ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the electrolyte concentration changes in arterial plasma from high-intensity repeated bouts of cycling exercise in well-trained females and to determine the relationships between arterial plasma lactate, potassium (K+), bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), and pH with minute ventilation. Fourteen female subjects (mean age = 27 ...
Moesgaard S G - - 2007
This study examines how systemic biomarkers of endothelial function and nitric oxide metabolism are affected by exercise in dogs. Furthermore, breed variation and white-coat effect have been tested by sampling three different dog breeds both in their home and in a clinical setting. Short-term exercise increased plasma nitrate and nitrite ...
Khan Munir - - 2006
Baseline metal ion levels are elevated in patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip arthroplasty. Interpretation of baseline levels is difficult as measurements are influenced by wear, corrosion, and metal ion release from stored metal in the body. Schmalzried et al. demonstrated that "wear is the function of use, not time." The ...
Hess T M - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Electrolyte mixtures given to counter sweat loss usually contain abundant potassium. However, increases in plasma [K+] occur with exercise and supplementation may further increase plasma levels, potentially increasing the risk of neuromuscular hyperexcitability and development of adverse clinical sequellae. This proposition requires study. OBJECTIVES: To compare ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Circulating free plasma DNA is implicated in conditions associated with tissue injury, including exercise-induced inflammation, and thus is a potential marker for athletic overtraining. METHODS: We measured free plasma DNA along with C-reactive protein (CRP), creatine kinase (CK), and uric acid (UA) in 17 recreationally trained men participating in ...
Baker J S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to measure concentrations of adrenaline (A), noradrenaline (NE), free tryptophan (f-Trp), prolactin (PRL), nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and blood lactate following 30 s of high-intensity cycle ergometer exercise. Adrenaline (A) and NE concentrations increased immediately postexercise (P < 0.05) and returned to levels observed ...
Steensberg Adam - - 2006
During exercise the concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 increases in plasma, especially in fasting subjects. Both IL-6 and HSP72 are involved in a variety of metabolic and immunological processes, including some within the central nervous system and, accordingly, they are present not only in ...
Wharam Paul C - - 2006
PURPOSE: Exertional hyponatremia ((Na) < 135 mmol x L(-1)) is a potentially serious condition associated with endurance sports. It has been postulated that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use may be a risk factor. This observational cohort study aimed to determine whether NSAID use is a risk factor for exertional hyponatremia ...
Gordon Mary E - - 2007
Six Standardbred (STB) mares (11+/-2 years, 521+/-77 kg; means+/-SD) performed an exercise trial (EX) where they underwent an incremental exercise test (GXT) as well as a parallel control trial (CON) to test the hypothesis that short-term, high intensity exercise would alter plasma concentrations of glucose, leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin, insulin and ...
Riepe F G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency suffer from glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency. They have insufficient epinephrine reserves and increased basal leptin levels and are often insulin resistant. In healthy subjects, an inhibitory effect of acute catecholamine elevation on the leptin plasma concentrations has been reported. ...
Ogaki, Tetsuro
OGAKI, T., SAITO, A., HOTTA, N., UEDA, N., KANAYA, S. and FUJINO, T., Plasma Sulpho-conjigated Catecholamine Responses to Moderate Steady-state Exercise. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.7, No.3 pp.87-92, 2001. The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the plasma sulpho-conjugated catecholamines (CA) during moderate steady-state exercise. ...
Bailey Amelia Purser - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity increases the risk of cancer and atherosclerosis; the impaired regulation of angiogenesis is often associated with the development of these diseases. We hypothesize that exercise increases circulating sFlt-1, an endogenous VEGF inhibitor, which may functionally decrease plasma levels of free VEGF. MATERIAL/METHODS: 5 healthy male adults were ...
Podolak M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare changes in epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) levels in blood plasma of two racehorses breeds: Arabian and Thoroughbred during moderate intensity exercise performed in the same conditions. The increase in plasma E level just after exercise was higher in Thoroughbreds ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2006
To examine the effects of drinking an amount of water equal to weight loss on the responses of blood rheological variables, eleven healthy male subjects performed three resistance exercise trials. The aim of the first session was to determine the amount of weight loss following a resistance exercise trial at ...
Kaikkonen M - - 2005
AIMS: Like potassium (K+), caesium (Cs+) tends to concentrate intracellularly. The aim here was to determine how moderate exercise affects the uptake of Cs+ from blood plasma. METHODS: After an intravenous Cs+ dose of 5 micromol kg(-1), plasma Cs+ concentration was followed for 100 min in goats and for 60 ...
Arvedsen Sine K - - 2005
Digestion is associated with gastric secretion that leads to an alkalinisation of the blood, termed the "alkaline tide". Numerous studies on different reptiles and amphibians show that while plasma bicarbonate concentration ([HCO(3)(-)](pl)) increases substantially during digestion, arterial pH (pHa) remains virtually unchanged, due to a concurrent rise in arterial PCO(2) ...
Esbjörnsson Mona - - 2006
This study evaluates a possible contribution of adipose tissue to the elimination of plasma ammonia (NH(3)) after high-intensity sprint exercise. In 14 healthy men and women, repeated blood samples for plasma NH(3) analyses were obtained from brachial artery and from a subcutaneous abdominal vein before and after three repeated 30-s ...
Shrimpton J M - - 2005
We present the first data on changes in ionoregulatory physiology of maturing, migratory adult sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka. Fraser River sockeye were intercepted in the ocean as far away as the Queen Charlotte Islands (approximately 850 km from the Fraser River) and during freshwater migration to the spawning grounds; for ...
Preston F Eric - - 2005
Severe familial factor V:C deficiency is a rare, recessively inherited coagulation disorder but there is little information in respect of the accuracy and reliability of factor V:C assays that are required for diagnosis and treatment monitoring. We present here the results of three External Quality Assessment exercises in respect of ...
Aardenburg Robert - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: In formerly preeclamptic women with a low plasma volume, the recurrence rate of preeclampsia is higher than in women with a normal prepregnant plasma volume. In a recent study, we demonstrated that the low plasma volume subgroup also had a subnormal venous capacitance. In the present study, we determined ...
Harmer Alison R - - 2006
Effects of sprint training on plasma K+ concentration ([K+]) regulation during intense exercise and on muscle Na+-K+-ATPase were investigated in subjects with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) under real-life conditions and in nondiabetic subjects (CON). Eight subjects with T1D and seven CON undertook 7 wk of sprint cycling training. Before ...
Davis P G - - 2005
AIM: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstricting peptide released mostly from vascular endothelial cells. Isolated exercise sessions of relatively long duration (=or>30 min) have produced increases in plasma ET-1 concentration while shorter exercise sessions usually have not. The purpose of the present study was to verify an effect of exercise ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to assess the correlation between the plasma concentration of ophthalmic timolol and cardiovascular parameters, and the influence of timolol on advanced haemodynamic variables, such as stroke (SI), cardiac (CI) and systemic vascular resistance (SVRI) indices and arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS: Twenty-five ...
Bur A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Transdermal nicotine patches have become a frequently prescribed tool in smoking cessation programs during the past years. However, there is circumstantial evidence that transdermal nicotine release substantially varies with physical activity producing toxic plasma concentrations that may account for severe adverse events. METHODS: We, therefore, compared nicotine release from ...
Street Darrin - - 2005
Skeletal muscle releases potassium during activity. Interstitial potassium accumulation is important for muscle function and the development of fatigue resulting from exercise. In the present study we used sodium citrate ingestion as a tool to investigate the relationship between interstitial H+ concentration and K+ accumulation during exercise. Seven healthy subjects ...
Ahmadizad Sajad - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine short-term changes in blood rheological variables after a single bout of resistance exercise. Twenty-one healthy males completed three sets of 5 - 7 repetitions of six exercises at an intensity corresponding to 80% of one-repetition maximum (1-RM). The average duration of the ...
Warren Daniel E - - 2005
To evaluate the role of mineralized tissues of the leopard frog in buffering acid, we analyzed the composition of femur and auditory capsule, the latter of which encloses a portion of the endolymphatic lime sacs, and investigated the extent to which these tissues are involved in buffering lactic acid after ...
Zoladz J A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although hormonal responses to exercise performed in fed state are well documented, far less in known about the effect of a single exercise bout, performed after overnight fasting, on cardio-respiratory responses and hormones secretion. It has been reported that recently discovered hormones as leptin and ghrelin may affect cardiovascular ...
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