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Results 601 - 650 of 1493
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Cosio-Lima Ludmila M LM Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL, - - 2011
Components of immune function are affected by physical activity in an adverse environment. The purpose of this study was to compare plasma differences in inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), in addition to the stress hormone cortisol, during prolonged cycling under normal and hot ...
Brophy-Williams Ned N School of Sport Science, Exercise & Health, the University of Western Australia , - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of cold water immersion (CWI) performed immediately or 3 h after a high intensity interval exercise session (HIIS) on next-day exercise performance. Eight male athletes performed three HIIS at 90%VO2max velocity followed by either a passive recovery (CON), CWI performed ...
Trilk Jennifer L - - 2010
Very high-intensity, low-volume, sprint interval training (SIT) increases muscle oxidative capacity and may increase maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), but whether circulatory function is improved, and whether SIT is feasible in overweight/obese women is unknown. To examine the effects of SIT on [Formula: see text] and circulatory function in ...
Horne Jim - - 2011
This was a realistic military-type exercise assessing unexpected, abrupt early-morning awakening effects on immediate 'executive function' and the ability to comprehend and deal with a sudden emergency under a changing situation. Twenty (average age 21 years) healthy, highly motivated junior officer reservists were assigned randomly to two equal, independent groups, unforewarned ...
Hopkins Sarah A - - 2010
Context & Objective:  A recent paper by our group reported that regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy led to lower fetal IGF-I and IGF-II concentrations and a modest reduction in offspring birth weight when compared with the offspring of non-training control participants. Maternal hormonal alterations in response to exercise training may ...
Ouedraogo N - - 2011
Changes in chest transcutaneous-pO(2) at rest (ΔtcpO(2)) mimic absolute changes in arterial-pO(2) during moderate exercise, although the absolute starting values may dramatically differ. We retrospectively studied 485 patients (group 1), prospectively studied 292 new patients (group 2) and estimated the intra-test and the test-retest reproducibility of ΔtcpO(2) during constant-load treadmill ...
Ali Ajmol - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine sensory perceptions towards different formulations of sports drinks when consumed before, at various points during, and following exercise. Following familiarisation 14 recreational runners underwent four trials in a single blind counterbalanced design. Each trial utilised one of four different solutions: 7.5% carbohydrate, ...
Cheema Birinder Singh Bobby - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 12-week intradialytic progressive resistance training (PRT) regimen on circulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Forty-nine patients (62.6 ± 14.2 years) were recruited from the outpatient hemodialysis unit of the St. George Public Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Patients were randomized to: PRT + usual care (n = 24) ...
Košta Vana - - 2011
Physical exercise can induce immunohistochemical changes and cell proliferation in the hippocampus. One of the main effects of prolonged exercise is resting bradycardia, most probably caused by enhanced vagal activity. To investigate whether physical exercise can cause neurochemical and morphological changes in vagal afferent neurons, we performed immunohistochemical studies of ...
Cannon Daniel T - - 2011
The mechanisms determining exercise intolerance are poorly understood. A reduction in work efficiency in the form of an additional energy cost and oxygen requirement occurs during high-intensity exercise and contributes to exercise limitation. Muscle fatigue and subsequent recruitment of poorly efficient muscle fibres has been proposed to mediate this decline. ...
Boyas Sébastien - - 2011
The purpose of endurance time (T (lim)) prediction is to determine the exertion time of a muscle contraction before it occurs. T (lim) prediction would then allow the evaluation of muscle capacities limiting fatigue and deleterious effects associated with exhaustive exercises. The present study aimed to analyze the influence of ...
van den Hoven R - - 2011
In this preliminary study, time-dependent changes in plasma CK and AST activity, tyrosine (Tyr), 3-methyl-histidine (3mHis), glucose and lactate concentrations were analysed in nine horses under two different conditions. Furthermore, intramuscular concentrations of Tyr, 3mHis and activities of cathepsin B, acid phosphatase (ACP), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and mRNA expression of ...
Sato Kohei - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the effect of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) on aerobic capacity during one-legged cycle exercise and whether the change in aerobic exercise capacity after ULLS with or without intensive interval training is related to the change in skeletal muscle volume. There ...
Majerczak J - - 2010
In the present study fifteen male subjects (age: 22.7 ± 0.5 years; BMI: 23.5 ± 0.6 kg x m⁻²; VO₂(max) 46.0 ± 1.0 mL x kg⁻¹ x min⁻¹) performed 5 week moderate intensity endurance training. The training resulted in a significant increase in maximal oxygen uptake (VO₂(max)) (P=0.048) and power ...
Bean Jonathan F - - 2010
From among physiological attributes commonly targeted in rehabilitation, to identify those in which changes led to clinically meaningful differences (CMDs) in mobility outcomes. Secondary analysis of data collected for a randomized controlled trial of exercise using binary outcomes defined by recording a large CMD (Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)=1 unit; ...
Kahn Susan R - - 2011
Exercise training may have the potential to improve post-thrombotic syndrome, a frequent, chronic complication of deep venous thrombosis. We conducted a randomized controlled two-centre pilot trial to assess the feasibility of a multicentre-based evaluation of a six-month exercise training program to treat post-thrombotic syndrome and to obtain preliminary data on ...
Serteyn D - - 2010
Intense physical exercise can induce the degranulation of neutrophils leading to an increase in plasma concentration of the neutrophil marker enzymes myeloperoxidase (MPO) and elastase (ELT). These enzymes have pro-oxidative and pro-inflammatory properties and may play a role in the exercised-induced muscular damage. To measure MPO and ELT concentrations in ...
Bittencourt Maria F Q P - - 2010
Unlike humans, who communicate in frequency bands between 250 Hz and 6 kHz, rats can communicate in frequencies above 18 kHz. Their vocalization types depend on the context and are normally associated to subjective or emotional states. It was reported significant vocal changes due to administration of replacement testosterone in ...
Bailey Stephen J - - 2011
We investigated the influence of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on plasma nitrite concentration ([NO₂⁻]), pulmonary oxygen uptake (V(O₂)) kinetics and exercise tolerance. Eight males completed 'step' moderate- and severe-intensity cycle exercise tests following infusion of either NAC (125 mg kg⁻¹ h⁻¹ for 15 min followed by 25 mg kg⁻¹ h⁻¹ ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2011
The level of F₂-isoprostanes (F₂-IsoP) in blood or urine is widely regarded as the reference marker for the assessment of oxidative stress. As a result, nowadays, F₂-IsoP is the most frequently measured oxidative stress marker. Nevertheless, determining F₂-IsoP is a challenging task and the measurement is neither free of mishaps ...
Garcia Frederico Duarte - - 2011
Abnormal vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) signaling may contribute to the altered activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in major depression; however, the underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. This study characterized plasma levels and affinities of OT- and VP-reactive autoantibodies (autoAbs) in relation to disease severity and plasma cortisol response to ...
Afshar R - - 2010
Physical function limitation is a common disorder in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, relating to increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of aerobic and resistance trainings on blood lipids and inflammation status in HD patients. Out of 30 volunteer males who had been ...
Westermann C M - - 2011
The objective of this study is to assess the influence of acute exercise, training and intensified training on the plasma amino acid profile. In a 32-week longitudinal study using 10 Standardbred horses, training was divided into four phases, including a phase of intensified training for five horses. At the end ...
Wakshlag J J - - 2010
C-reactive protein (CRP) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) are biomarkers of systemic inflammation and cardiac damage, respectively. To investigate the effects of short-duration high-intensity exercise on plasma cTnI and serum CRP concentrations in sprint racing sled dogs. Twenty-two Alaskan sled dogs of 2 different teams participating in a 2-day racing ...
Korkiakangas Eveliina - - 2011
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by lifestyle changes such as sufficient level of physical activity. The number of persons at high risk of or diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is increasing all over the world. In order to prevent type 2 diabetes and develop exercise counselling, more studies on ...
Lopane Giovanna - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate the potential effect of short, moderate intensity (≤70% maximum heart rate) cyclette exercise on levodopa (LD)/dopa decarboxylase inhibitor bioavailability and motor response in a subgroup of Parkinson disease (PD) patients presenting a moderate-to-severe delay in fasting morning LD dose absorption and matched ...
Alves Ana - - 2010
Elite swimmers are at increased risk of asthma, which has been related to chronic effects of pool chlorine environment. However acute effects of swimming on rhinitis remain unknown. We aimed to assess the nasal response to exercise in competitive swimmers compared with competitive runners. Measurements of nasal symptoms, peak nasal ...
Thomasson R - - 2010
This study examined the relationships between plasma and saliva adrenocortical hormones in response to long-duration submaximal exercise. In nine healthy, physically active, female volunteers, blood and saliva samples were taken at rest and every 30 min during a 120-min cycling trial at 50-55% VO(2max) for cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) analysis. ...
Jackson R - - 2010
We tested whether markers of systemic oxidant stress were detectable in 29 typical IPF patients, and whether these increased after low level exercise. We obtained resting plasma for measurement of amino terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and plasma and urine samples for isoprostanes and total nitrite. Total antioxidant capacity ...
Khamwong Peanchai - - 2011
Stretching with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) is frequently used before exercise. The prophylactic effect of PNF on symptoms of muscle damage induced by eccentric exercise of the wrist extensors was examined in this study. Twenty-eight healthy males were randomly divided into the PNF group (n = 14) and the control group (n = 14). ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2010
Nesfatin-1 is a recently discovered anorectic protein derived from posttranslational processing of the nucleobindin 2 (NUCB2) gene. It is expressed in adipose tissue and is also found in plasma. Nesfatin-1 expression is significantly affected by nutritional status and its actions may be involved in the inhibition of the orexigenic effect ...
Wade Charles E - - 2010
Traumatic injuries often occur to individuals while exercising. The author sought to determine whether exercise before injury resulting in hemorrhage would alter cardiovascular, metabolic, and neuroendocrine responses. Fifteen chronically instrumented splenectomized immature female swine were trained to run on a treadmill at 70% of maximum heart rate for 60 min. ...
Atamaniuk Johanna - - 2010
The present study aimed to investigate the acute effects of a single bout of high-intensive strength training on the production of cell-free plasma DNA (cf-DNA), as well as on the degradation of purine nucleotides as assessed by the concentration of xanthine (XA) and hypoxanthine (HX) in urine and serum. Twelve ...
Hew-Butler Tamara - - 2010
The ability of the human body to regulate plasma osmolality (POsm) within a very narrow and well defined physiological range underscores the vital importance of preserving water and sodium balance at rest and during exercise. The principle endocrine regulator of whole body fluid homeostasis is the posterior pituitary hormone, arginine ...
Lewis Gregory D GD Cardiology Division and Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2010
Exercise provides numerous salutary effects, but our understanding of how these occur is limited. To gain a clearer picture of exercise-induced metabolic responses, we have developed comprehensive plasma metabolite signatures by using mass spectrometry to measure >200 metabolites before and after exercise. We identified plasma indicators of glycogenolysis (glucose-6-phosphate), tricarboxylic ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2010
Exhaustive exercise induces disturbances in metabolic homeostasis which can result in amino acid catabolism and limited L-arginine availability. Oral L-citrulline supplementation raises plasma L-arginine concentration and augments NO-dependent signalling. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of diet supplementation with L-citrulline-malate prior to intense exercise on the metabolic handle of ...
Zouhal H - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate plasma catecholamine [adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA)] concentrations at rest and in response to maximal exercise in three different groups of adolescent girls. According to their body mass index, 34 adolescent girls aged 15-16 years were divided into three groups: a normal ...
Dreissigacker Ulrike - - 2010
Several studies suggest that exercise is associated with elevated oxidative stress which diminishes NO bioavailability. The aim of the present study was to investigate a potential link between NO synthesis and bioavailability and oxidative stress in the circulation of subjects performing high-intensive endurance exercise. Twenty-two male healthy subjects cycled at ...
Khaustova S A - - 2010
The dynamics of salivary hydrocortisone during exercise depends on the professional status of the athlete. Hydrocortisone concentrations increase and those of secretory IgA decrease significantly during short-term highly intense exercise. Presumably, basal serum hydrocortisone level is the key factor in restoration of the secretory IgA concentration after exercise by inhibition ...
Miranda-Vilela Ana L - - 2010
Physical training induces beneficial adaptation, whereas exhaustive exercises increase reactive oxygen-species generation, thereby causing oxidative damage in plasma and erythrocytes, fractions susceptible to lipid peroxidation. Pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) is a Brazilian Cerrado fruit containing a carotenoid-rich oil. The aim was to investigate the effects of pequi-oil on exercise-induced oxidative ...
Hallberg Ludvig - - 2010
Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) may display elevated plasma levels of pro-inflammatory substances. Although the underlying mechanisms are unknown, inflammation has been proposed to play a direct role in the generation of depressive symptoms. Skeletal muscle is a potent producer of cytokines, and physical exercise has been suggested to ...
Baragli Paolo - - 2010
Four untrained standardbred horses performed a standardized exercise test on the treadmill and an automated blood collection system programmed to obtain blood samples every 15 s was used for blood collection in order to evaluate the kinetics of adrenaline and noradrenaline. The highest average values obtained for adrenaline and noradrenaline ...
El-Sayed Mahmoud S - - 2010
To ascertain the effects of environmental temperature on blood rheology, ten subjects performed two exercise trials, in random order, at approximately 60% VO(2) max for 45-min. One trial was conducted in thermoneutral environment (20 ± 1°C), while the other was performed in hot dry condition (36 ± 1°C). Venous blood ...
Gariépy Jean-François - - 2010
Respiration is a vital motor activity requiring fine-tuning to adjust to metabolic changes. For instance, respiration increases in association with exercise. In this chapter, we review the mechanisms underlying respiratory changes during exercise. Three specific hypotheses were proposed. First, the chemoreception hypothesis suggests that chemoreceptors located centrally or peripherally modify ...
Cruzat Vinicius Fernandes - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the effect of the supplementation with the dipeptide L-alanyl-L-glutamine (DIP) and a solution containing L-glutamine and L-alanine on plasma levels markers of muscle damage and levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and glutamine metabolism in rats submitted to prolonged exercise. Rats were submitted to sessions of swim ...
Cao Vi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of caregivers of persons with stroke with respect to their own physical activity. A qualitative, descriptive approach was used to study 10 caregivers of persons with stroke, recruited from a stroke exercise class in a large urban rehabilitation facility. Caregivers ...
Deutschbein Timo - - 2010
Measurements of plasma free metanephrines have been advocated as first-line tests for phaeochromocytoma. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of potential confounding variables. Comparative study between 2008 and 2009. Hundred and eighty healthy subjects. The effects of age, BMI, gender, menstrual cycle (sampling every 2 days), ...
Levy Susan S - - 2009
While physical activity is recommended to reduce symptomology associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) little has been done to explore the potential usefulness of theoretical models of exercise behavior change in individuals with MS. Based on the success of the transtheoretical model of exercise behavior change (TTM) in the general population ...
Gillingham Melanie B - - 2009
Chronic complications observed in patients with long-chain 3-hydroxyacylCoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) or trifunctional protein (TFP) deficiency may be mediated by the accumulation of 3-hydroxy fatty acids or 3-hydroxyacylcarnitines. To understand variation in metabolite accumulation, their concentrations were measured by tandem mass spectrometry before and after a mixed meal and moderate intensity ...
Bracken Richard Michael - - 2010
The catecholamine metabolites normetanephrine (NMET) and metanephrine (MET) increase in response to acute exercise. However, changes in catecholamine 'nephrines' during sprint training are unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the plasma nephrine and catecholamine (noradrenaline, NA; adrenaline, AD) responses to a laboratory-based cycle test before and ...
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