Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1428
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Reding Kerryn W - - 2011
Many studies have investigated the immediate impact of physical activity on prolactin concentrations; however, it is currently unclear what impact exercise may have on prolactin concentrations in the long-term, particularly among women. Understanding the role of exercise on prolactin is important because epidemiologic studies have reported increased risks of breast ...
Klonizakis Markos - - 2011
Objectives Microvascular integrity is compromised by several diseases and conditions as well as age. Exercise can reverse these effects but it is unclear whether these are systemic or localised, or which mechanisms are responsible for observed improvements Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to assess whether arm-cranking exercise ...
Conner Mark - - 2011
Two studies investigated the impact of affective and cognitive messages compared to a no-message control on self-reported exercise. Students (Study 1, N = 383 and Study 2, N = 197) were randomly allocated to one of the three conditions (control - no message, affective message or cognitive message). Participants completed ...
Van Hecke Ann - - 2011
Examining the (experienced) changes associated with a nursing intervention to enhance adherence to leg ulcer lifestyle advice. Few interventions to enhance adherence to leg ulcer treatment are developed and tested. Qualitative evaluation approach and pre-post-test design were used. Twenty-six patients with venous ulcers in a community care setting participated. Data ...
Stickford Jonathon L - - 2011
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been reported to modify the inflammatory response associated with allergic airway disease, primarily in animal models. To extend these observations to humans, the effect of short-term CLA supplementation on the severity of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) was investigated in asthmatics. Six subjects with physician-diagnosed asthma and ...
Kerr Abigail L - - 2011
Long-term aerobic exercise improves cognition in both human and nonhuman animals and induces plastic changes in the central nervous system (CNS), including neurogenesis and angiogenesis. However, the early and immediate effects of exercise on the CNS have not been adequately explored. There is some evidence to suggest that exercise is ...
Skurvydas Albertas - - 2011
Skurvydas, A, Brazaitis, M, and Kamandulis, S. Muscle-damaging exercise affects isokinetic torque more at short muscle length. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in the length-dependent changes in quadriceps muscle torque during voluntary isometric and isokinetic contractions performed after severe ...
Djordjevic Dusica - - 2011
Although exercise-induced oxidative stress receives considerable scientific attention, there is still little information available regarding exercise-induced adaptations of the antioxidant defence system in adolescent and child athletes. The aim of our study was to establish the effects of long-term exercise training on the redox state of adolescents, and to find ...
Weston Matthew - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between intensities of exercise during match-play of elite-standard soccer referees with those of the players from the same match. Match analysis data were collected (Prozone® Leeds, UK) for 18 elite-standard soccer referees (age 26-49 years) on FA Premier League ...
Roessler Kirsten Kaya - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to examine psychological aspects of intra- and interpersonal learning for patients with Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia treated with Exercise on prescription. The research design consists of a qualitative investigation of 30 patients in Denmark undergoing a community-based exercise treatment at baseline, ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2011
This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial compared changes in exercise performance and daily ambulatory activity in peripheral artery disease patients with intermittent claudication after a home-based exercise program, a supervised exercise program, and usual-care control. Of the 119 patients randomized, 29 completed home-based exercise, 33 completed supervised exercise, and 30 ...
Dartnall Tamara Jade - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in motor unit activity in the biceps brachii muscle after an initial (Bout 1) and repeated (Bout 2) session of eccentric exercise separated by 1 week. Eight subjects (age, 22 ± 2 yrs) participated in experimental assessments of neuromuscular function obtained ...
Nedvidkova Jara - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin is predominantly produced by the stomach and the growth hormone (GH)-ghrelin feedback loop between the stomach and the pituitary gland has recently been suggested. The disruption of the gut-brain axis might be involved in bulimia nervosa (BN). METHODS: We investigated responses of plasma GH, ghrelin, and neuropeptide Y ...
Martin Jeffrey S - - 2011
BackgroundIncreased elastic conduit artery stiffness with aging is associated with early wave reflection and increased wasted left ventricular pressure energy (LVE(W)). The effects of aging on central hemodynamics during exercise have not been well characterized. This study sought to investigate changes in central hemodynamics during cycle exercise in young, middle-aged, ...
Fortes Matthew B - - 2011
It has been suggested that tear fluid is isotonic with plasma, and plasma osmolality (Posm) is an accepted, albeit invasive, hydration marker. Our aim was to determine if tear fluid osmolarity (Tosm) assessed using a new, portable, non-invasive, rapid collection and measurement device tracks hydration. PURPOSE:: To compare changes in ...
Gothe Neha P - - 2011
This 12-month, 2 arm, single blind randomized controlled exercise trial examined relationships among changes in multidimensional self-esteem as a function of intervention mode (i.e., walking vs. flexibility-toning-balance). Data were collected on three equidistant occasions (baseline, 6 and 12 months). One-hundred seventy-nine older adults (M(age) = 66.38) began the study and ...
Yunoki Takahiro - - 2011
In order to test our hypothesis that muscle condition has an effect on the cognition of self-motion and consequently on the ventilatory response during exercise, six healthy subjects performed a moderate incremental exercise test (IET) on a cycle ergometer under two conditions [resistance exercise condition (REC) and control condition (CC)]. ...
Fall Lewis - - 2011
Objective Patients with arterial occlusive disease are typically hypoxaemic, and exercise is prescribed for rehabilitation. Both stressors independently contract plasma volume (PV), which may influence clinical interpretation of a patient's thrombogenicity. The aim of the study was to emphasise the conceptual significance of PV correction. Methods and Results Venous plasma ...
Schlader Zachary J - - 2011
This study examined the role of skin temperature on self-selected exercise intensity (i.e., power output). Eight well-trained, male cyclists completed two 60 min self-paced cycling bouts during which they completed as much work as possible. Using a liquid-perfused suit, skin temperature (T (Sk)) was changed during the two trials such that ...
Annesi James J - - 2011
Background: The relationship of exercise to weight loss, beyond minimal caloric expenditures possible in obese and deconditioned individuals, requires clarification.Objective: We assessed whether changes in theory-based psychological variables associated with participation in an exercise treatment extended to psychologically based predictors of controlled eating and weight and waist-circumference reductions.Methods: A group ...
Golbidi Saeid - - 2011
Physical inactivity is increasingly recognized as modifiable behavioral risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. A partial list of proposed mechanisms for exercise-induced cardioprotection include induction of heat shock proteins, increase in cardiac antioxidant capacity, expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress proteins, anatomical and physiological changes in the coronary arteries, changes in nitric ...
Navratil Marta - - 2011
We report a case of a 17-year-old female adolescent who experienced an episode of exercise-induced anaphylactic reaction following ingestion of tuna sandwich (from soy containing canned tuna). Her medical history revealed that she had previously had one episode of urticaria after ingestion of sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim and anaphylactic reaction after ...
Fetherman Debra L - - 2011
A Transtheoretical Model (TTM) goal-setting tool was used during strength training in women. Volunteers (mean age = 69, N = 27) were assigned to a strength training only or strength training/behavior change 12-week intervention. A pre/posttest, quasiexperimental design assessed TTM constructs, Health-Related Quality of Life, and functional fitness measurements. Multiple ...
El-Sayed Mahmoud S - - 2011
The aim of the present study was ascertain the effects posture and exercise modality on the main determinants of blood rheology. Thirteen subjects performed two exercise trials, in random order, at approximately 70% VO(2) max for 45-min. One trial was performed on a motorized treadmill at an intensity corresponding to ...
Henagan Tara M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether resistance exercise training-induced reductions in inflammation are mediated via melanocortin 3 receptor expression in obese (BMI 32.7 ± 3.7) women (65.6 ± 2.8 yrs) randomized to either a control (N = 11) or resistance training group (N = 12). The resistance trained ...
Lee Jin - - 2011
Purpose: Hyperthermia-induced apoptosis is mediated by mitochondrial pathway, and is temporally correlated with alterations in mitochondrial morphology in neuroepithelial cells. In addition, regular exercise up-regulates heat shock proteins (HSPs) that inhibit apoptosis. However, embryo-protective effects of maternal exercise against heat exposure during pregnancy have not been fully understood yet. Materials ...
Brauer Jeremy A - - 2011
A 58-year-old man presented for evaluation and treatment of non-tender, non-pruritic, annular patches on the right temple and frontal aspect of the scalp that reddened with exercise. A biopsy specimen showed a purpuric dermatitis with features of lymphocytic vasculitis; a diagnosis of exercise-induced progressive pigmentary purpura was made. Whereas progressive ...
Dalbo Vincent J - - 2011
This study examined mRNA expression patterns for atrogin-1 and muscle ring finger-1 (MuRF-1) before and 24 hours after a resistance training bout. Furthermore, basal, 5-minute and 24-hour postexercise serum concentrations of cortisol and insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and the relationships between these hormones and the genetic expression patterns of ...
Minov Jordan - - 2011
In order to assess prevalence and characteristics of exercise-induced respiratory symptoms (EIRSs) and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in health care workers, we performed a cross-sectional study including 48 female nurses from primary care settings and an equal number of female office workers studied as a control group. The evaluation of examined ...
Smart Neil A - - 2011
Background. We pooled data from four studies, to establish whether exercise training programs were able to modulate systemic cytokine levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). A second aim was to establish if differences in ExT regimens are related to degree of change in cytokines and peak VO(2). ...
Hotta Norio - - 2011
We investigated whether intense interval training on a cycle ergometer would prevent loss of muscle strength and atrophy in the human calf during unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS). The present study involved 11 healthy men. We defined unloading leg and contralateral leg as ULLS-leg and CONT-leg, respectively. The subjects were ...
Hadley David M - - 2011
Background: Cardiac repolarization adaptation to cycle length change is patient dependent and results in complex QT-RR hysteresis. We hypothesize that accurate patient-specific QT-RR curves and rate corrected QT values (QTc) can be derived through patient-specific modeling of hysteresis. Method and Results: Model development was supported by QT-RR observations from 1959 ...
Enea Carina - - 2011
Physical exercise is known to strongly stimulate the endocrine system in both sexes. Among these hormones, androgens (e.g. testosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone) play key roles in the reproductive system, muscle growth and the prevention of bone loss. In female athletes, excessive physical exercise may lead to disorders, including delay in the ...
Dadkhah Shahriar - - 2011
Diagnostic stress echo testing is commonly performed in patients with known or suspected cardiovascular disease. There has been considerable debate in management of exercise induced non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT). In this case report, we present our experience with a case of exercise induced NSVT, and subsequent angiographically significant left anterior ...
Hausswirth Christophe - - 2011
Enhanced recovery following physical activity and exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) has become a priority for athletes. Consequently, a number of post-exercise recovery strategies are used, often without scientific evidence of their benefits. Within this framework, the purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of whole body cryotherapy (WBC), ...
de Koning Jos J - - 2011
Athletic competition has been a source of interest to the scientific community for many years, as a surrogate of the limits of human ambulatory ability. One of the remarkable things about athletic competition is the observation that some athletes suddenly reduce their pace in the mid-portion of the race and ...
Foster Philip P - - 2011
Lifestyle factors such as intellectual stimulation, cognitive and social engagement, nutrition, and various types of exercise appear to reduce the risk for common age-associated disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia. In fact, many studies have suggested that promoting physical activity can have a protective effect against cognitive ...
Cosio-Lima Ludmila M LM Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL, - - 2011
Components of immune function are affected by physical activity in an adverse environment. The purpose of this study was to compare plasma differences in inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), in addition to the stress hormone cortisol, during prolonged cycling under normal and hot ...
Brophy-Williams Ned N School of Sport Science, Exercise & Health, the University of Western Australia , - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of cold water immersion (CWI) performed immediately or 3 h after a high intensity interval exercise session (HIIS) on next-day exercise performance. Eight male athletes performed three HIIS at 90%VO2max velocity followed by either a passive recovery (CON), CWI performed ...
Trilk Jennifer L - - 2010
Very high-intensity, low-volume, sprint interval training (SIT) increases muscle oxidative capacity and may increase maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), but whether circulatory function is improved, and whether SIT is feasible in overweight/obese women is unknown. To examine the effects of SIT on [Formula: see text] and circulatory function in ...
Horne Jim - - 2011
This was a realistic military-type exercise assessing unexpected, abrupt early-morning awakening effects on immediate 'executive function' and the ability to comprehend and deal with a sudden emergency under a changing situation. Twenty (average age 21 years) healthy, highly motivated junior officer reservists were assigned randomly to two equal, independent groups, unforewarned ...
Hopkins Sarah A - - 2010
Context & Objective:  A recent paper by our group reported that regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy led to lower fetal IGF-I and IGF-II concentrations and a modest reduction in offspring birth weight when compared with the offspring of non-training control participants. Maternal hormonal alterations in response to exercise training may ...
Ouedraogo N - - 2011
Changes in chest transcutaneous-pO(2) at rest (ΔtcpO(2)) mimic absolute changes in arterial-pO(2) during moderate exercise, although the absolute starting values may dramatically differ. We retrospectively studied 485 patients (group 1), prospectively studied 292 new patients (group 2) and estimated the intra-test and the test-retest reproducibility of ΔtcpO(2) during constant-load treadmill ...
Hortobágyi Tibor - - 2010
INTRODUCTION:: Chronic unimanual motor practice increases the motor output not only in the trained but also in the non-exercised homologous muscle in the opposite limb. We examined the hypothesis that adaptations in motor cortical excitability of the non-trained primary motor cortex (iM1) and in interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) from the trained ...
Ali Ajmol - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine sensory perceptions towards different formulations of sports drinks when consumed before, at various points during, and following exercise. Following familiarisation 14 recreational runners underwent four trials in a single blind counterbalanced design. Each trial utilised one of four different solutions: 7.5% carbohydrate, ...
Cheema Birinder Singh Bobby - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 12-week intradialytic progressive resistance training (PRT) regimen on circulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Forty-nine patients (62.6 ± 14.2 years) were recruited from the outpatient hemodialysis unit of the St. George Public Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Patients were randomized to: PRT + usual care (n = 24) ...
Košta Vana - - 2011
Physical exercise can induce immunohistochemical changes and cell proliferation in the hippocampus. One of the main effects of prolonged exercise is resting bradycardia, most probably caused by enhanced vagal activity. To investigate whether physical exercise can cause neurochemical and morphological changes in vagal afferent neurons, we performed immunohistochemical studies of ...
Cannon Daniel T - - 2011
The mechanisms determining exercise intolerance are poorly understood. A reduction in work efficiency in the form of an additional energy cost and oxygen requirement occurs during high-intensity exercise and contributes to exercise limitation. Muscle fatigue and subsequent recruitment of poorly efficient muscle fibres has been proposed to mediate this decline. ...
Boyas Sébastien - - 2011
The purpose of endurance time (T (lim)) prediction is to determine the exertion time of a muscle contraction before it occurs. T (lim) prediction would then allow the evaluation of muscle capacities limiting fatigue and deleterious effects associated with exhaustive exercises. The present study aimed to analyze the influence of ...
van den Hoven R - - 2011
In this preliminary study, time-dependent changes in plasma CK and AST activity, tyrosine (Tyr), 3-methyl-histidine (3mHis), glucose and lactate concentrations were analysed in nine horses under two different conditions. Furthermore, intramuscular concentrations of Tyr, 3mHis and activities of cathepsin B, acid phosphatase (ACP), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and mRNA expression of ...
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